Chapter 10

Christian Biography

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The Puritans were mature saints who valued Christian biography because it shows that God's grace in human lives is "more than notion" -- is rather, a potent reality that changes sinners into the likeness of Christ their Savior, and generates zeal, vision, and passion for the advancing of His kingdom. Puritan singlemindedness in seeking God's glory is overwhelmingly awesome, and the records of the Puritans' own lives of endeavor, conflict, and suffereing for their Lord are as challenging as any biographies from any age. -- J.I. Packer


Biography of Bible Characters
Biography of Covenanters
Funeral Sermons of Saints
Chapter 10 Related WebLinks

Chapter 10
Christian Biography


"This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you. Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends." -- Jesus Christ (John 15:12,13)

I know that, whatsoever God doeth, it shall be for ever: nothing can be put to it, nor any thing taken from it: and God doeth it, that men should fear before him. (Ecclesiastes 3:14)

He hath made every thing beautiful in his time: also he hath set the world in their heart, so that no man can find out the work that God maketh from the beginning to the end. (Ecclesiastes 3:11)

*Augustine, Saint (Augustine of Hippo), The Confessions of Saint Augustine (Oxford, England: Oxford University Press). A Christian classic.
Augustine is said to be the greatest Christian thinker next to the Apostle Paul. Luther set the Bible and the CONFESSIONS OF SAINT AUGUSTINE above all other books.
"The story of his sinful pursuits before conversion, and of his conversion, then of his confession to God, and his discoveries of the greatness of God after his conversion." -- Publisher's Annotation.
The Confessions of Saint Augustine
The Works of Saint Augustine

*Bainton, Roland H., Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther. A Christian classic.
"Available for the first time in trade paperback, this authoritative biography of the great religious leader was hailed by Time magazine as "the most readable Luther biography in English." This edition showcases the intricate woodcuts and engravings that enhance the text and give the flavor of the era in which Martin Luther lived. More than 100 woodcuts and engravings." -- Ingram
A scholarly presentation of Luther's part in the Protestant Reformation which changed the course of Western civilization. Highly recommended, especially for those seeking a deeper understanding of the theology of the Reformation. A scholarly work in which the Gospel is articulately presented. The story of Luther's conversion is, of course, presented in detail. Numerous editions of this book are available. Includes extensive bibliography.
Martin Luther

Calamy, Edmund. Baxter, Richard. An abridgement of Mr. Baxter's History of his life and times. With an account of the ministers, &c. who were ejected after the Restauration, of King Charles II. ... The second edition: in two volumes. ... By Edmund Calamy, D.D. Vol. 1. London, 1713. 2 vols. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3318480724

WALKER, PATRICK, Six Saints of the Covenant: Peden, Semple, Welwood, Cameron, Cargill, Smith (2 vols.), 1901, ATLA 1988-3262

Walker, Patrick. Some remarkable passages in the life and death of that singular exemplary holy in life, zealous and faithful unto the death, Mr. Daniel Cargill; ... And with him Mr. Walter Smith, Mr. James Boig, William Cuthil, and William Thomson, ... Edinburgh, 1732. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3320629599

Baxter, Richard. Biographical collections: or lives and characters, from the works of the Reverend Mr. Baxter, and Dr. Bates, (with various additions interspersed) of the following excellent persons, ... Together with abstracts of their funeral sermons. ... Vol. 1. London, 1766. 2 vols. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3318666357

*Baxter, Richard, Reliquiae baxteriana; or, Mr. Richard Baxter's narrative of ... his life and times ...
EEBO; Translations: French, OCLC: 40687949.
See Sylvester Matthew.

*Bonar, Andrew, Andrew Bonar: Diary and Life (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1984). A Christian classic.
"Covering the years 1810-1892. Bonar was a pastor, teacher, participant in the revivals of 1839 and 1859, faithful witness against the inroad of higher criticism, and writer." -- GCB
"Bonar was an outstanding pastor of the last century. His manner was humble, his expressions Biblical and therefore sweet. This book gives a panoramic view of his life, a fascinating period of Scotland's church history. It is a record of God's work in the life of one of His trophies of grace, one who represented all that was finest in the evangelical circles of his times." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.

*Bonar, Andrew, Memoir and Remains of Robert Murray McCheyne (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust).
"Yet Bonar's LIFE OF McCHEYNE (a part of this book) displays the character of this man, and illustrates why he is one of the best-loved and most widely influential men of all time. McCheyne was a sweet, humble, hard-working Christian with a passion for souls. It is a real joy to read his sermons, letters, and other writings in this book. Bonar, himself a great one, has done us all a great favor in preserving these memoirs for us." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
Spurgeon thought every Christian should read this book. A Christian classic.
Memoir and Remains of Robert Murray McCheyne Andrew Bonar Christ the Way, the Truth, and the Life from Andrew Bonar,

*Brainerd, David, The Life and Diary of David Brainerd (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House).
Edited by Jonathan Edwards. "John Wesley, Jonathan Edwards, William Carey, and Henry Martyn having read the journal felt compelled to spend their lives preaching the Gospel." -- Veronica Zundel
This journal is said to have inspired more Christians to become missionaries than any other book other than the Bible. A Christian classic.

*Brook, Benjamin, Lives of the Puritans, 3 volumes (Morgan, PA: Soli Deo Gloria Publications).
"This scarce three volume set was first published in 1813 in London, and there has never been a second printing until now. It contains biography and bibliography of many noted as well as relatively unknown (but not insignificant) Puritan pastors and authors of the 16th and 17th centuries. Brook's massive endeavor was, at his own admission, an updating of Edmund Calamy's classic NONCONFORMIST MEMORIAL. In volume one there are such men as Edward Deering, Bernard Gilpin, and Richard Greenham. In volume two are sketches of Thomas Gataker, Henry Smith, William Perkins, Richard Rogers, Henry Ainsworth, John Preston, Robert Bolton, William Ames, Henry Scudder, Arthur Dent, Daniel Dyke, Samuel Hieron, Nicholas Byfield, Richard Sibbes, and John Ball. Volume three contains Jeremiah Burroughs, Thomas Hooker, Thomas Shepard, Christopher Love, John Cotton, Obadiah Sedgwick, William Gouge, and Thomas Goodwin. And these are but a sampling of the hundreds of godly men you will find profiled." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.

*Brown, John, John Bunyan: His Life, Times and Work [30958]

Brown, John, The Pilgrim Fathers of New England (Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, c1988). 31133
"A rare and detailed study of the lives of those once obscure men whose love of Biblical principle and unselfish loyalty to liberty gave birth to American self-government based on the Laws of God." -- Publisher's Annotation. Includes bibliography.

*Bunyan, John, Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1966, 1666). A Christian classic.
"Similar to Augustine's CONFESSIONS. Traces Bunyan's spiritual pilgrimage from his youth, through several crises, to his conversion, and through many trials and difficulties, temptations and sorrows, until he came to rely solely on Christ for his every need. Originally published in 1666." -- Cyril J. Barber
"This is the personal testimony of the famous author of PILGRIM'S PROGRESS, THE HOLY WAR, and 60 other edifying books." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners, John Bunyan

*Cadier, Jean, The Man God Mastered (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm.B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1960).
Translated by O.R. Johnston. "A brilliant translation of an important biography of John Calvin." -- Cyril J. Barber

Cairns, John (1818-1892), Memoir of John Brown, D.D. (of Edinburg, 1784-1858) [microform]: senior minister of the United Presbyterian congregation, Broughton Place, Edinburgh, and professor of exegetical theology to the United Presbyterian Church (Edinburgh, Scotland: Edmonston and Douglas, 1860), ATLA fiche 1989-2589; OCLC Accession No.: ocm24922185; ISBN: 0790593645 (microfiche)

*Calumy, Edmund, 1671-1732 and Samuel Palmer (editor), The Nonconformist's Memorial, (3 vols.), 1802. Seems to be the prefered edition. A Christian classic. See also, Benjamin Brook, Lives of the Puritans.
"Edmund Calamy (1678-1732), a dissenting minister in London and a historian, was the son and grandson of puritan ministers inside the Church of England. Both of them, along with hundreds of others, were expelled from their church livings for their refusal to submit to the 1662 Act of Uniformity. This event, the so-called 'Great Ejection', was a crucial moment in the formation of religious dissent in England. This book, first published in 1775, is an extensively-revised version, by another dissenting minister Samuel Palmer, of materials originally collated and published by Edmund Calamy, commemorating the lives and works of these ejected ministers.
"Editing the autobiography of one of the most eminent of these ejected ministers, Richard Baxter, Calamy included a long chapter listing the ejected ministers and such biographical data as he could find. This is the famous chapter 9 of AN ABRIDGMENT OF MR BAXTER'S HISTORY OF HIS LIFE AND TIMES (1702). This chapter became a whole volume of a second edition of the ABRIDGEMENT published in 1713. And in 1727 Calamy produced a further two volumes of material under the title A CONTINUATION OF THE ACCOUNT OF THE MINISTERS, LECTURERS, MASTERS AND FELLOWS OF COLLEGES, AND SCHOOLMASTERS WHO WERE EJECTED AND SILENCED AFTER THE RESTORATION OF 1660... "Samuel Palmer attempted to integrate this material into a more readable form, making extensive revisions and additions. He certainly succeeded in producing something more accessible to eighteenth-century readers and there were several reprints of the book and a second edition in 1802-3. However readability was sometimes at the cost of accuracy and of a reduction of the scholarly value of Calamy's material.
"Nevertheless THE NONCONFORMIST'S MEMORIAL was an important work of collective memory by eighteenth-century dissenters."

*Dallimore, Arnold, George Whitefield: The Life and Times of the Great Evangelist of the 18th Century Revival, 2 volumes (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust).
"One of the great monumental literary achievements of the 20th Century." -- Sherwood E. Wirt
"Justice has at last been done to the greatest preacher that England has ever produced." -- D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones
Contains accounts of the conversion experiences of Whitefield, the Wesleys, and many others. Includes bibliographic footnotes. A Christian classic.
The George Whitefield Homepage

Foxe, John, John Foxe's Book of Martyrs. Actes and Monuments of Matters Most Speciall and Memorable, the second edition of Foxe's Book of Martyrs Variorum Edition Online (version 1.1 - summer 2006).
This is "the revised version (v.1.1) of Foxe's Book of Martyrs Variorum Edition Online. This [free online] edition contains the full text of three of the four editions (1563, 1570, 1583). The 1570 edition is missing books 3 and 4. These will be added in subsequent versions."
Other editions: Acts and Monuments or Foxe's Book of Martyrs, 1554, 8 volumes (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series and Hardback Bound. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1843-49 edition).
And the Early English Books Online (EEOB) digital copy of the eight volume work.
" 'No book ever inflicted a wound so deep and incurable on the Romish system of superstition and bloody persecution . . . (it) was placed in . . . all churches and chapels throughout the kingdom, by order of Queen Elizabeth.' (Smith, Select Memoirs, p. 245). Contains much information not found in any of the liberally edited and severely shortened editions of this classic work which are in print today. Covering martyrs from the early church through to Foxe's day, it was one of the most influential books of the sixteenth century! It overflows with faith building testimony of the power of God to overcome the most cruel and barbarous acts of human depravity and demonic cruelty. 6890 pages. A very rare set, now back in print after 150 years!" -- SWRB
"After the Bible itself, no book so profoundly influenced early Protestant sentiment as the BOOK OF MARTYRS. Even in our time it is still a living force. It is more than a record of persecution. It is an arsenal of controversy, a storehouse of romance, as well as a source of edification." -- James Miller Dodds, English Prose
"When one recollects that until the appearance of the PILGRIM'S PROGRESS the common people had almost no other reading matter except the BIBLE and FOX'S BOOK OF MARTYRS, we can understand the deep impression that this book produced; and how it served to mold the national character. Those who could read for themselves learned the full details of all the atrocities performed on the Protestant reformers; the illiterate could see the rude illustrations of the various instruments of torture, the rack, the gridiron, the boiling oil, and then the holy ones breathing out their souls amid the flames. Take a people just awakening to a new intellectual and religious life; let several generations of them, from childhood to old age, pore over such a book, and its stories become traditions as individual and almost as potent as songs and customs on a nation's life." -- Douglas Campbell, The Puritan in Holland, England, and America
"If we divest the book of its accidental character of feud between churches, it yet stands, in the first years of Elizabeth's reign, a monument that marks the growing strength of a desire for spiritual freedom, defiance of those forms that seek to stifle conscience and fetter thought." -- Henry Morley, English Writers
"John Foxe was a prince among believers. He had his printing press on a cart, and had often to print at night, moving his press before dawn to escape capture and burning at the stake. He never faltered in his purpose to leave a voluminous written witness to the power of the Lord Jesus Christ to keep His saints in love and peace." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
A Christian classic.

Foxe, John (1516-1587), Actes and monuments of these latter and perillous dayes (Imprinted at London: By Iohn Day, dwellyng ouer Aldersgate. Cum priuilegio Regi[a]e Maiestatis, 1563), EEBO.

*Haldane, Alexander, Lives of James and Robert Haldane (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust).

*Harrison, Frank Mott, John Bunyan (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust).
Bunyan had a great love for liberty and this is said to be the most definitive biography of him. Harrison poured much of his life into preparing the bibliography.

*Hefley, James, and Marti Hefley, By Their Blood: Christian Martyrs of the 20th Century [20872]

*Hodge, Archibald Alexander, The Life of Charles Hodge (New York, NY: Arno Press, 1969, 1881).
"Traces the life and ministry of the renowned Princeton Seminary theologian. Reprinted from the 1881 edition." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Knox, John, The History of the Reformation in Scotland (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust). [90018A]
"It breaths with the spirit of excitement and expectation, being told by the author from his experience as an eyewitness and participant in the unfolding drama of the work of God in 16th century Scotland." -- Jay P. Green, Sr. A Christian classic.

Knox, John. The history of the reformation of religion within the realm of Scotland. ... Together with the life of the author, and several curious pieces wrote by him, ... By the Reverend Mr. John Knox, ... To which is added, I. An admonition to England and Scotland ... by Antoni Gilby. II. The first and second books of discipline; ... Glasgow, 1761. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3318181602

Lorimer, Peter, John Knox and the Church of England: His Work in Her Pulpit and His Influence Upon Her Liturgy, Articles, and Parties (1875), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
" 'The 'three mighties' in the army of the Reformation, are undoubtedly Luther, Calvin, and Knox. Each of the three has his appropriate place and his peculiar work. Luther cleared the ground; Calvin exhibited the plan of the new edifice; Knox was the workman who erected it.' (Wylie, Ter-centenary of the Scottish Reformation, p. 73, this book is listed under 'Cunningham' in this catalogue). Here Lorimer gives us an important look at a major chapter in the life of Christ's Reformation 'workman,' as founded upon several important papers of Knox never before published. Kyle elaborates: 'After the publication of Laing's collection, three smaller Knoxian writings were discovered. In 1875 these tracts were reprinted as part of Peter Lorimer's book John Knox and the Church of England. Scholarly criticism has verified Knox's authorship of these articles' (The Mind of John Knox, p. 14). Lorimer himself says that '[t]he amount of fresh biographical and historical material supplied by these papers is so very considerable that it appeared to warrant and suggest a re-writing of the English chapter of Knox's life.' Furthermore, he continues, that though Knox is too often thought of only in connection 'with his work and success as the Reformer of Scotland,' it should be remembered that 'a large portion of the best and most energetic part of his life was spent in England, and among Englishmen out of England.' Written as a Monograph to 'make larger and freer use of Knox's own writings, in the way of culling their most personal and characteristic passages,' Lorimer intimates, 'I wished, as much as possible, to let Knox himself be seen and heard in my book.' Kevin Reed, one of the foremost Knox scholars alive today, calls this work 'an excellent account of Knox's ministry in England' (John Knox the Forgotten Reformer, Presbyterian Heritage Publishing, forthcoming, p. 19). A great supplement to any study of Knox." -- SWRB

MacLeod, A. Donald, W. Stanford Reid: An Evangelical Calvinist in the Academy (Mcgill-Queen's Studies in the History of Religion. McGill-Queen's University Press, November, 2004), 401 pages.
"W. Stanford Reid's career affected both university and religious life in Canada during the post-war period. Donald MacLeod traces Reid's career in the university, first at McGill, where Reid was a history professor for twenty-four years as well as dean of residences, and then at the University of Guelph, where he set up a history department, organized a large graduate program, and created a Scottish Studies emphasis.
"MacLeod's in-depth analysis examines how an observant Christian academic, unapologetically Calvinist, openly articulated his faith in a secular environment and helped convince evangelicals to abandon their ghettoizing anti-intellectualism. His discussion of Reid's international networking serves as a reminder of the way in which Canadian evangelicalism was influenced by and in turn influenced the United States, where Reid's influence was appreciable, both as a trustee of Westminster Seminary for thirty-seven years and as editor at large of the nascent Christianity Today. W. STANFORD REID is a poignant, in-depth investigation of the life of a man whose career spanned academia and church." -- Publisher's Annotation

Marshall, Catherine, A Man Called Peter (New York, NY: Avon Books, 1971).
Six of Peter Marshall's best known sermons are reprinted at the end of this biography. "The American Dream" speaks about freedom in America.

Matthew, Sylvester (1636 or 7 - 1708), Reliquiae Baxterianae, or, Mr. Richard Baxters narrative of the most memorable passages of his life and times by Sylvester, Matthew (London: Printed for T. Parkhurst, J. Robinson, F. Lawrence and F. Dunton, 1696), EEBO.

M'Cheyne, Robert Murray, and Andrew A. Bonar, Memoir and remains of Robert Murray M'Cheyne (Edinburgh, Scotland and Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth Trust, 1973, 1995).

McGrath, Alister E., A Life of John Calvin: A Study of the Shaping of Western Culture (Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell, 1990). 90320
Includes bibliographical references.

Middleton, Erasmus. Biographia Evangelica: or, an historical account of the lives and deaths of the most eminent and evangelical authors or preachers, ... By the Rev. Erasmus Middleton, ... Vol. 3. London, 1779-86. 4 vols. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3319777832

*Morris, Henry M., Men of Science, Men of God: Great Scientists Who Believe the Bible [20158]

*Murray, Iain H., The Forgotten Spurgeon The Banner of Truth Trust, 1966).
"This is not a full-scale biography, but it highlights the remarkable career of Spurgeon, with emphasis on the doctrines that molded his life and thought. It is a very readable book, inspiring to greater effort toward living a humble but vigorous Christian life." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.

*Neal, Daniel, The History of the Puritans, 3 volumes (Minneapolis, MN: Klock and Klock Christian Publishers, 1979). 31036
"Reprinted from the latest edition and containing critical notes, this outstanding presentation of Protestant nonconformity (from 1517 to 1688) delineates the course of action taken by those dubbed Puritan, describes the seeds of liberty and democracy that they spread and that lie latent in their history and teachings, and presents a vivid picture of the effect of their stand for truth. This is an excellent work and is well-deserving of careful study. The benefits of reading these volumes is too great to be tabulated here. We can only hope that a new generation of men and women who are loyal to the Lord and His Word will peruse these pages to their own great profit." -- Cyril J. Barber

Owen, John. A complete collection of the sermons of the Reverend and learned John Owen, D.D. ... Also several valuable tracts, now first published from manuscripts: ... And to the whole are prefix'd Memoirs of his life: some letters written by him upon special occasions: and his funeral sermon, preach'd by Mr. David Clarkson. London, 1721. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3317508828

*Owen, John, The Glory of Christ (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust), ISBN: 0851511236, 9780851511238, Puritan Paperback Series edition (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust). A Christian classic.
Contains: Life of Owen, the Person of Christ, Glory of Christ, and two short catechisms.
"Included are three treatises on the deity of Jesus Christ: A Declaration of the Glorious Mystery of the Person of Christ (1679), Meditations and Discourses on the Glory of Christ (1684), and Meditations and Discourses Concering the Glory of Christ Applied (1691).
"If I have observed anything by experience, it is this: a man may take the measure of his growth and decay in grace according to his thoughts and meditations upon the person of Christ, and the glory of Christ's Kingdom, and His love." -- John Owen
"With regard to the glory of Christ's divine person, Owen's treatises remain unsurpassed. Thomas McCrie writes of Owen's works on Chirst in Volume 1, 'Of all the theological works published by individuals since the Reformation, next to Calvin's INSTITUTES, we should have deemed it our highest honour to have produced [these]'." -- Joel R. Beeke
"In THE GLORY OF CHRIST . . . we have the great Puritan pastor and theologian, John Owen, at his richest and most mature. Here he writes about Jesus Christ, the heart of the Gospel, with biblical insight and understanding that is at times almost overwhelming for a contemporary reader.
"These chapters were written during the final period of Owen's life, and began simply in his personal meditation and study, before being shared with others in public ministry. Deep love for, and fervent devotion to Christ, is evident on every page. Owen had already seen the glory of Christ from afar and pondered long on its significance. Here he speaks from his proximity to eternity, and teaches us how to see Christ more clearly and to serve him more faithfully.
"The publishers are convinced that THE GLORY OF CHRIST is a spiritual treasure-cave to which many readers will return again and again throughout the whole of their lives. Its sole purpose is to renew and deepen devotion to Jesus Christ." -- Publisher's Annotation.
The Glory of Christ, by John Owen
Owen, John. Meditations and discourses on the glory of Christ, in his person, office, and grace: ... By the late Reverend John Owen, D.D. London, 1757. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3320126188

Owen, John (anonymous author). The life of the Reverend and learned John Owen, D.D. sometime Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford. To which are added, letters to his friends. London, 1758. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3321646090

*Parker, Thomas H.L., John Calvin: A Biography (Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1975).
"A definitive account of Calvin's life and labors with special attention being paid to Calvin's doctrine, writing, and influence." -- Cyril J. Barber

Paton, John G., and Sinclair B. Ferguson John G. Paton: Missionary to the New Hebrides (Banner of Truth).
"This is the moving autobiography of the heroic Scot missionary, John G. Paton, who introduced the Gospel of Jesus Christ to the cannibalistic inhabitants of the New Hebrides in the mid-nineteenth century." -- Synopsis

Potter, William, Beloved Bride: The Letters of Stonewall Jackson to His Wife (Vision Forum, November 1, 2002).
"He called her 'my beloved esposa' because Anna was his dearest love on this earth. Ironically, while the great military exploits of General Stonewall Jackson are studied in military schools the world over and his iron will and stern self-discipline have become legendary, little is said about his remarkable marriage. The real Thomas J. Jackson was a humble Christian and loving husband and father. The tender and instructive letters he wrote to his wife Anna are a model of godly leadership and covenantal faithfulness. From their courtship to their final days together, trace the true story of this remarkable couple through the letters of General Jackson to his bride. Even in the midst of the most arduous military campaigns, Stonewall took the time to send home extensive letters of love and devotion. Through all of this, General Jackson proves himself to be a model example for Christian husbands of the twenty-first century -- especially through his dedication to living for God's glory and trusting in His providential care.
"This special edition book features a foreword by Stephen Lang, the actor who portrays "Stonewall" Jackson in the film, Gods and Generals.
"William Potter currently serves as staff historian for the Vision Forum Ministries Faith and Freedom Tours. He holds a B.A. in American History from Cedarville College and a M.A. in American History from the University of Dayton where he taught military history for a time. He and his wife Leslie reside in Charles City, Virginia. They have home schooled their eight children for twenty years." -- Publisher's Annotation

R.B. The history of the lives of those famous English divines, that were most zealous in promoting the reformation: ... By R. B.. London, 1709. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3303551768

*Reid, W. Stanford, Trumpeter of God: A Biography of John Knox, 372 pages (Baker Publishing Group, February, 1982).
Knox laid the foundation for Presbyterianism and the Covenanted Reformation.

Robertson, James, Stonewall Jackson: The Man, the Soldier, the Legend (MacMillan Reference Books, March 1997).
"A distinguished Civil War historian [Professor Robertson teaches Civil War history at Virginia Tech.] unravels the complex character of the Confederacy's greatest general. Drawing on previously untapped manuscript sources, the author refutes such long-standing myths as Stonewall Jackson's obsessive eating of lemons and gives a three-dimensional account of the profound religious faith frequently caricatured as grim Calvinism. Though the author capably covers the battles that made Jackson a legend--Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, etc.--he emphasizes 'the life story of an extraordinary man.' The result is a biography that will fascinate even those allergic to military history." --
"Robertson (JACKSON & LEE, Rutledge Hill, 1995) has put together an exhaustive account of the life of Stonewall Jackson from his early years as an orphan until his death after being accidentally shot by his own troops. Robertson describes Jackson as 'a man of arms surrounded by the tenets of faith,' and so he was. He was a devout, reticent man who surrendered himself to the will of God. Even the deaths of his first wife and his children and his own agonizingly slow death didn't shake his faith. Yet he was also a great military strategist and stern disciplinarian who inspired great loyalty in his troops. Lee considered him his best general and was shaken by his death. Extensively researched and well written, this compares well with Byron Farwell's masterly STONEWALL: A BIOGRAPHY (LJ 9/1/92). Recommended for Civil War and American history collections." Library Journal
"[T]wo dozen writers have attempted biographies, and there are any number of special studies, monographs and essays. Now going straight to the head of the class of Jackson biographers, and likely to remain there, is James I. Robertson Jr. . . . STONEWALL JACKSON: THE MAN, THE SOLDIER, the Legend gives us far and away the sharpest picture we have ever had of this enigmatic figure." -- The New York Times Book Review
"Stonewall Jackson had the most christian command of anyone in the civil war. He hand picked his commanders, many of whom were either ministers themselves or were ministers' sons. 'Rejoice in that day when they cast out your name as evil,' Christ foretold. I don't think there was ever a more Christ-led soldier that has EVER lived on the face of this earth. Everything Jackson did was accepted by him as God's will. God's will was sought through daily prayer. Thomas Jonathan Jackson's life was a testimony to His great God. He was unassuming in character and dress. He never became arrogant, nor basked in any of his accomplishments, he was simply doing God's will. Anyone would have mistaken Jackson as a simple farmer by his bearing as Robertson reveals from soldiers' written descriptions of him. (What a hothead he was in combat though with all that artillery knowledge inside that Scots-Irish noggin). Who in their last hours would talk about the Amalekites in the bible and talk about how soldiers ought to observe the sabbath!" -- Reader Comment

Staughton, S. A selection of remarkable events in the lives of the primitive fathers, eminent reformers, and martyrs, in the Christian Church: ... By S. Staughton. Coventry, 1791. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3321715941

*Taylor, Hudson, The Growth of a Soul [60048]

Toplady, Augustus. A memoir of some principal circumstances in the life and death of the Reverend and learned Augustus Montague Toplady, ... to which are added, written by himself, The dying believer's address to his soul, and his own last will and testament. The second edition. London, 1778. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3301858799

Tyerman, Luke Life of the Reverend George Whitefield (AMS Press).
The George Whitefield Homepage

Vandenberg, Frank, Abraham Kuyper, 1837-1920 (Caledonia, MI: Inheritance Publications). 90366
"This book is not fine literature, not nearly worthy of such a great Christian as Abraham Kuyper. Still, it is worth reading just for the lift in your spirit that it will bring when you see how the man was blessed. It might be added that his predictions regarding how the Gospel would be spread after his death have been amazingly accurate." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
H. Henry Meeter is the leading American exponent of Abraham Kuyper's life and world view.

*Varghese, Roy Abraham (editor), The Intellectuals Speak Out About God: A Handbook for the Christian Student in a Secular Society [20161]

Bacon, Ernest W., Spurgeon: Heir of the Puritans (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm.B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1968).
"A biographical sketch that pays particular attention to the Puritan tradition out of which Spurgeon came." -- Cyril J. Barber

Bainton, Roland Herbert, The Church of Our Fathers (New York, NY: Charles Scribners Sons, 1969).
"A popular presentation of the historic drama, intrigues, rivalry, persecution, suffering, courage, and heroism displayed by Christian leaders from Paul to the establishment of the church in the New World." -- Cyril J. Barber

Bentley-Taylor, David, Augustine: Wayward Genius--The Life of St. Augustine of Hippo (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House).
"New book (1980) may make the life of one who affected Christianity more than any man since the Apostle Paul come alive." -- GCB

Blaikie, William, The Personal Life of David Livingston

Freeman, Bill, How They Found Christ: In Their Own Words (Scottsdale, AZ: Ministry of the Word, Incorporated, 1983).
Bill Freeman, editor. Includes John Wesley, George Whitefield, Charles G. Finney, George Muller, Hudson Taylor, and C.H. Spurgeon.

Dallimore, Arnold A., Spurgeon: A New Biography (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust).
"A concise (239 pages) popular introduction that presents something of the inner man in his praying, sufferings, depressions, weaknesses, strengths, triumphs, humor, and joys." -- GCB

Dodds, Elizabeth D., Marriage to a Difficult Man [40293]

Drummond, Lewis A., Spurgeon: Prince of Preachers (Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications).
"The definitive biography of Spurgeon, 895 pages. . . ." -- GCB. Includes bibliography and footnotes.

Eckerd, Jack, and Paul Conn, Eckerd: Finding the Right Prescription [20162]
Jack Eckerd is "a living demonstration of the life-changing power of Christ. His inspiring testimony deserves the widest possible audience." -- Billy Graham
"This is the amazing, exciting story of one of the most remarkable men I've ever known. It is a gripping account; when you're finished, you will want to sing the doxology." -- Chuck Colson

Edman, V. Raymond, They Found the Secret: Twenty Transformed Lives That Reveal a Touch of Eternity [20154]

Edwards, Brian H., God's Outlaw: The Story of William Tyndale and the English Bible (London, England: Evangelical Press).
"This is the thrilling story of one who was forced to leave England and slip from city to city in Germany, Holland, and Belgium in an attempt to avoid the agents sent to arrest him. Tyndale's story is one of poverty, danger, and ceaseless labor, but he left a priceless heritage: the Scriptures in the English language." -- GCB

Ellul, Jacques, Perspectives on Our Age: Jacques Ellul Speaks on His Life and Work (New York, NY: Seabury Press, 1981).
Edited by W.H. Vanderburg. Translated by J. Neugroschell. "Born in Bordeaux, and now a professor in the university in that city, Ellul narrates his intellectual and spiritual odyssey. Explains the inner tensions between Marx and Barth, the effects of the technological system, and his life as an author." -- Cyril J. Barber

Hefley, James, and Marti Hefley, By Their Blood: Christian Martyrs of the Twentieth Century [20872]

Henry, Carl F.H., Confessions of a Theologian: An Autobiography (Dallas, TX: Word Publishing).
"Carl Henry has been hailed as one of the great theologians of this century. In this autobiography we see him as a man, growing and learning. A delightful and enlightening look at an important thinker and the things that made him what he is today." -- GCB

Henry, William Wirt, Patrick Henry: Life, Correspondence, Speeches, 3 volumes (Harrisonburg, VA [Sprinkle Publications, P.O. Box 1094, Harrisonburg, 22803]: Sprinkle Publications), 1993).
William Wirt Henry is the grandson of Patrick Henry and the author of PRESBYTERIANS IN VIRGINIA.

Houghton, Frank, Amy Carmichael of Dohnavur (Fort Washington, PA: Christian Literature Crusade).

Kavanaugh, Patrick, The Spiritual Lives of Great Composers (New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company, Inc.).
"With an introduction by Christopher Parkening, this book opens up an area about which most of us know little. A brisk walk through the innermost thoughts of 12 masters of western music (Handel, Bach, Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Liszt, Mendelssohn, Wagner, Dvorak, Ives, and Stravinsky)."

Lawton, George, Within the Rock of Ages: The Life and Work of Augustus Montague Toplady (Cambridge, England: J. Clarke, 1983).
"New and authoritative biography of the writer of the great hymn, Rock of Ages. Toplady was more than a hymn writer. He was a minister, poet and keen participant in contemporary theological debates of his day. The biographer charts Toplady's heated battle with Wesley over the relative merits of Calvinism and Arminianism." -- GCB

Lloyd-Jones, Bethan, Memories of Sandfields [31569]

Lloyd-Jones, D. Martyn, Martyn Lloyd-Jones: The Man and His Books [31336]

MacDonald, Greville, George MacDonald and His Wife (New York, NY: Johnson Reprint Corporation, 1971).
Includes bibliography.

McGrath, Alister E., A Cloud of Witnesses: Ten Great Christian Thinkers [20157]

McGrath, Alister E., A Life of John Calvin: A Study of the Shaping of Western Culture (Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell, 1990).
Includes bibliographical references.

Minor, Charles L.C., The Real Lincoln (Harrisonburg, VA [Sprinkle Publications, P.O. Box 1094, Harrisonburg, 22803]: Sprinkle Publications).
"Enhances the understanding of Abraham Lincoln and his times." -- Lloyd T. Sprinkle

Mohr, Franz, with Edith Schaeffer, My Life With the Great Pianists (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1992).
"Interesting story of the Chief and Master Concert Technician for Steinway and Sons. Over the years he has worked closely with Horowitz, Van Cliburn, Rubinstein, Gould, Serkin, and many others. Insightful look behind the scenes and at the author's faith. Introduction by Edith Schaeffer." -- GCB

Murray, Iain H., The Life of Arthur W. Pink (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1981).
Pink is recognized as one of the finest Christian writers of the twentieth century.
"One of the few who was to remain a burning witness to historic Christianity. . . . he was virtually unknown in the Christian world at the time of his death in 1952." -- Publisher's Annotation

Murray, Iain H., The Life of John Murray (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust).
"Murray's biography (also found in volume 3 of his COLLECTED WRITINGS [30922]) has been printed here in paperback form. In his life we see a man consumed with the Lord and His glory. His devotion to study of the Word and the untiring efforts to help others are an example to us all in living the Christian life." -- GCB

Murray, Iain, Lloyd-Jones, D. Martyn: The First Forty Years, 1899-1939 [31593A]
"Definitive biography of a remarkable man of God. Having written biographical works on Kenneth MacRae and Arthur W. Pink, Murray now turns his talents to an inspiring and personal look at one of the finest preachers of our generation. The book covers over 400 pages with over 35 pages of pictures." -- GCB
"Murray collected materials for this book for twenty years. . . . L-J was a stickler for the Scriptures. He was studious in discovering God's message in the Word, and he strictly adhered to the letter of that Word. In a day when reformed (Calvinistic) preachers are despised, and are almost never popular, the Doctor (as he was called) found his auditorium filled whenever he preached. The reviewer was there on a Thursday night, amazed to find the audience contained thousands of young person under 30. And the sermon on Romans was word by word, phrase by phrase expository preaching. There was not a single note of pop oratory--he might have been thought to be preaching to a house full of Biblical scholars. Yet the message was plain and clear for all to understand.
"L-J was a lover of the Puritan writings. He not only loved to read them, but he followed their example in his expository preaching. He was not afraid to spend years on a single book of the Bible (such as Romans, Ephesians). Yet he was not guilty of excess verbiage, nor was there any repetition. He simply plumbed the depths of the Scriptures, and came up with the rich gems that God has buried there for all of us.
"Murray was L-J's assistant for three years at Westminster Chapel, and having joined him in forming The Banner of Truth Trustin 1957, was associated with him in that work for the rest of his life. Therefore, he is eminently qualified by both writing ability, and by personal knowledge, to write this interesting, informative, and inspiring biography. We heartily recommend it." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.

Murray, Iain, Lloyd-Jones, D. Martyn: The Fight of Faith, 1939-1981 [31593]
"Murray is able to give his subject's own understanding of what happened. Neither public ministry nor controversy dominate the story." -- GCB

Murray, Iain, The Letters of Charles Haddon Spurgeon (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1992).

Murray, John, Collected Writings, [30922] Volume 3: Life; Sermons; Reviews [30925]

Newton, John, The Letters of John Newton (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust).
"Newton (1725-1807) was a sailor, preacher, and hymn-writer. He is, of course, one of the most colorful figures in the Great Evangelical Revival of the 18th century. You can learn much about a person by reading their letters." -- GCB

Paton, John G., Missionary Patriarch: The True Story of John G. Paton Evangelist for Jesus Chrst Among the South Sea Cannibals. An Autobiography ( The Vision Forum, Inc.)
"Some of the defining issues of our day include the dearth of men, the loss of fatherhood, and the complete absence of multi-generational vision on the part of families. Since beginning Vision Forum, we have made it our goal to urge fathers to turn their hearts to home and to rise up with courage to address the issues of the age. When I share this message before an audience, I usually begin by quoting at length an autobiographical account, penned by John G. Paton in the 19th century, describing how his father's love and training prepared him to endure bitter hardship, to persevere against unspeakably difficult circumstances, and to resist sin. This may be the most important narrative of missionary work you will ever read. The book touched me on the deepest level and has become an important part of my life and personal vision. We have republished it because it contains the finest testimony of multi-generational love and devotion between a father and son that I have ever read outside the Scriptures. Paton, a descendant of the Scottish Covenanters, was able to love and lead to Christ the very people who tried to eat his wife and child. One of the most important books you will ever read to your children." -- Douglas W. Phillips
"Doug Phillips, the founder and director of Vision Forum, is a passionate communicator with a heart for home education and the restoration of Christian family and culture to the glory of God. As a constitutional attorney, Doug served six years at Home School Legal Defense Association and is director for the National Center for Home Education. Doug and his wife, Beall, have eight children. They live in San Antonio, Texas."

Pike, G.H., Life of Spurgeon, 2 volumes (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust).
"An insightful and warm biography of the `last of the Puritans'--the `Prince of Preachers'." -- GCB

Pink, Arthur W., Letters of A.W. Pink During the Period 1924-1951 (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust).
"Personal correspondence has a way of revealing much about a person that can not be picked up in their books. That is the value of these letters." -- GCB

Pollock, John, Wilberforce (Batavia, IL: Lion Publishing Corporation).
"Today Christians are on the frontlines in the battles against abortion, drugs, and pornography. Sometimes they wonder if they can win. Read the story of one brave Englishman who labored long against slavery in the British Empire and won." -- GCB

Richardson, Don, Eternity in Their Hearts [20107]

Rumburg, H. Rondel, John Pelham of Alabama: The Gallant Chief of J.E.B. Stuart's Horse Artillery (Society for Biblical & Southern Studies, 2005).

Spurgeon, C.H., Autobiography, 2 volumes (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1973, 1962).
Volume 1: The Early Years (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1962).
Volume 2: The Full Harvest, 1860-1892 (Edinburgh, Scotland: 1973).
"This long-awaited companion volume to THE EARLY YEARS will stimulate, encourage, and edify those presently engaged in a pastoral ministry and challenge those who are preparing for it. . . ." -- Cyril J. Barber

The Life and Times of Selina Countess of Huntingdon, 2 volumes (Harrisonburg, VA [Sprinkle Publications, P.O. Box 1094, Harrisonburg, 22803]: Sprinkle Publications).
"Gives accounts of the Great Awakening and its men: Whitefield, Wesley, Howell Harris, etc. Shows the influence of the Countess, a friend of revival and revivalists." -- Lloyd T. Sprinkle

Toon, Peter, God's Statesman: The Life and Work of John Owen (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1973).
"A brilliant biography of one of the important political and ecclesiastical figures of the Puritan era." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Whitefield, George, George Whitefield's Letters: A Facsimile of Whitefield's Works, Volume 1, 1771 With Supplements (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust).
"Contains the original work plus 34 letters omitted from the 1771 edition plus explanatory notes by S.M. Houghton." -- GCB
The George Whitefield Homepage

*Whyte, Alexander, Whyte's Bible Characters (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House). 50022

Woods, David W., John Witherspoon (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1906).
"A republic once equally poised must either preserve its virtue or lose its liberty. . . . He is the best friend of American liberty who is most sincere and active in promoting pure and undefiled religion." -- John Witherspoon
"John Witherspoon, a Presbyterian minister and president of what is now Princeton University, was the only pastor to sign the Declaration of Independence." -- Francis Schaeffer

Wook, Douglas, C., The Evangelical Doctor: John Wycliffe and the Lollards (Welwyn, England: Evangelical Press).
"Wycliffe was the man that God raised up to pave the way for the English Reformation. He completed the first ever English translation of the Bible. He fought against ignorance, superstition, priestcraft, and immorality. An inspiring biographical portrait." -- GCB

Worchester, J.H., Jr., David Livingstone (Chicago, IL: Moody Press).

See also: Biography of covenanters, Biography of Bible characters, Local church history, The history of martyrs, Case studies, Testimonies, Christian fiction

Related WebLinks

The Life of John Owen by Andrew Thomson, by Andrew Thomson

The Life and Ministry of Richard Baxter, Lynell Friesen

Young's Literal Translation
Includes biographical information.

Biography of Bible Characters

*Blaikie, William G., David, King of Israel: The Divine Plan and Lessons of His Life (London, England: James Nisbet and Company, 1861).
"Dr. Blaikie is a good writer. His `Life of David' has supplied a great lack." -- C.H. Spurgeon
"Extremely rare, these brief chapters can be read with profit by laypeople. Recommended." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Blaikie, William G., Heroes of Israel (London, England: Thomas Nelson and Son, 1894).
"Limited to a discussion of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, and Moses. A helpful aid when preaching on Bible characters." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Conybeare, William J., and John Saul Howson, The Life and Epistles of Paul (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm.B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1953, 1852).
"Excellent background material on the life of the Apostle Paul, coupled with a valiant attempt to fit the events of the book of Acts and the epistles into a chronological framework. First published more than a century ago (1852), but still worth consulting." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Drummacher, Fredrick W., David: The King of Israel (Edinburgh, Scotland: T. and T. Clark).
Translated by M.G. Easton. "Presents the life of David from his obscure roots in a village in Judah to his leadership as Israel's King. While the book makes no pretense at originality, preachers will find it permeated with rich homiletic ideas." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Edersheim, Alfred, The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm.B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1990, 1883). A Christian classic.
"The most important general work on the life of Christ in our language." -- Wilbur M. Smith
"From his prodigious study he produced an unrivaled picture of the life of Christ and of the whole Jewish background -- not merely of the archaeological details, but of the essential characteristics of Jewish thought and feeling. It is today the most extensively used life of Christ in the English language." -- Publisher's Annotation
The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, by Alfred Edersheim

*Farrar, F.W., The Life and Work of St. Paul, 2 volumes (Minneapolis, MN: Klock and Klock Christian Publishers, 1981).
"Long out of print, these volumes constitute a priceless asset to the preacher who possesses and uses them aright. Includes valuable excursions on special topics ranging from the `man of sin' to traditional accounts of Paul's personal appearance." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Gloag, Paton, J., The Life of St. John (Bible Class Primers. Edinburgh, Scotland: T. and T. Clark, 1950).
"A brief résumé of material enlarged upon in the writer's INTRODUCTION TO THE JOHANNINE WRITINGS." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Hamilton, James, Moses, the Man of God (London, England: James Nisbet and Company, 1871).
"Highly recommended by C.H., Spurgeon in COMMENTING AND COMMENTARIES, this work deserves a place on the bookshelf of every pastor." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Harris, James Rendel, The Twelve Apostles (Cambridge, England: W. Heffer and Sons, 1927).
"A scholarly study of the identity of the Apostles of Christ." -- Cyril J. Barber

Henry, William Wirt, Patrick Henry: Life, Correspondence and Speeches, 3 volumes (Harrisonburg, VA [Sprinkle Publications, P.O. Box 1094, Harrisonburg, 22803]: Sprinkle Publications), 1993).
A reprint of the Charles Scribner's Sons edition of 1891.

*Kirk, Thomas, Samson: His Life and Work (Edinburgh, Scotland: Andrew Elliot, 1891).
"Six moving messages based upon Judges 13-16. Well reasoned, deeply devotional, and true to the Scriptures." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Kirk, Thomas, Saul: The First King of Israel (Edinburgh, Scotland: Andrew Elliot, 1896).
"Postmortem of a king. Devotional and perceptive -- Cyril J. Barber

*Kirk, Thomas, Solomon: His Life and Works (Edinburgh, Scotland: Andrew Elliot, 1915).

*Kirk, Thomas, The Life of Joseph (Edinburgh, Scotland: Andrew Elliot, 1900).
"Of utmost value for the pastor who preaches on Bible characters." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Kuyper, Abraham, Women of the New Testament [40289]

*Kuyper, Abraham, Women of the Old Testament [40289]

*LaSor, William Sanford, Great Personalities of the Bible (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1965).
"Formerly published in two volumes. Eighteen studies from each testament survey the background of the personalities, assess their strengths and weaknesses, and draw lessons for life today from their experiences." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Macartney, Clarence E.N., Of Them He Chose Twelve (Philadelphia, PA: Corrance and Co., 1927).
"Indispensable studies of the Apostles." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Macartney, Clarence E.N., Trials of Great Men of the Bible (New York, NY: Abingdon Press, 1946).
"Covers material from Job to Paul. Shows the place and purpose of trials in the development of Christian character." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Meyer, F.B., Great Men of the Bible (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House).
"When you study Bible characters, you begin to see how God works in people to will and to act according to his good purpose--despite their flaws, failures, and flops! Meyer's classic study examines the lives of a dozen great men from the Old and New Testaments: Abraham, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, Joshua, Samuel, David, Elijah, Jeremiah, John the Baptist, Peter, and Paul. Excellent reading for preachers and laypeople! . . ." -- CBD. A Christian classic.

*Pink, Arthur W., Life of David, 2 volumes (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House).
"Shepherd, soldier, musician, king, adulterer, father--David was most of all a man after God's own heart. Pink's unusual combination of biography, commentary, and devotional studies gives you an intimate view of David's many sides. Each of Pink's 145 chapters is short and to the point, so you can easily gather excellent material for a lesson, sermon, or simply your own personal study. . . ." -- CBD

*Pink, Arthur W., The Life of Elijah (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust).
"This is the third of Pink's excellent Scripture biographies. It is a verse-by-verse exposition of 2 Kings 10-13. He rescues Elisha from the historical heap, and makes him stand out as a prophet worthy of the utmost praise, one who bore the mantle of Elijah with much distinction." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.

*Seeking, Herbert S., The Men of the Pauline Circle (London, England: Charles H. Kelly, 1914).
"Deals first with the distinguished members of Paul's company, then those who were obscure, thirdly with the officials whom he contacted during his ministry, and lastly with the unrecorded. A suggestive work." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Taylor, William M., Joseph the Prime Minister (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1961, 1886).
"Dynamic and inspiring messages by a former Lyman Beecher lecturer at Yale and L.P. Stone lecturer at Princeton. Originally published in 1886." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Taylor, William M., Paul the Missionary (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1962, 1909).
"Popular messages that deserve serious study. Reprinted from the 1909 edition." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Taylor, William M., Peter the Apostle (New York, NY: Harper and Brothers, 1876).
"An excellent biographical study." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Thomas, William Henry G., The Apostle Peter: Outline Studies in His Life, Character and Writings (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm.B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1950).
"Drawing heavily upon Peter's natural characteristics, the writer shows how these were transformed by the Holy Spirit. A timely, devotional study." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Whyte, Alexander, Bible Characters From the Old and New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications).
"For the study of Bible biographies you should secure a marvelous series by Alexander Whyte, one of the greatest preachers in the world of a generation ago, simply called BIBLE CHARACTERS. No one has analyzed these characters so vividly and penetratingly as Whyte. Every page is edifying and suggestive." -- Wilbur M. Smith

Martin, Hugh (editor), Christian Social Reformers of the Nineteenth Century (Salem, NH: Ayer Company Publishers, Incorporated, 1927). 90317B

Martin, Hugh, Simon Peter (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust).
"Martin (1822-1885) first presented this material in 1869. While telling us about Peter we also learn about the various phases of Christian faith and life." -- GCB

Vandervelde, Frances, Women of the Bible (Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications, 1973).

Biography of Covenanters

Note: Author's names appearing in all caps indicates the title is available from Still Waters Revival Books.

*ANDERSON, JAMES, Ladies of the Covenant, 1851. (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #10, ISBN: 0921148852 9780921148852.
"Memoirs of distinguished Scottish female characters, embracing the period of the covenant and the persecution. The introduction notes the importance of the lives of these courageous women, when it states: `They have especially by the magnanimity with which they suffered in the cause of truth, emphatically taught us the important principle that we are in all things and at all times to do what is right; and as to the disapprobation, opposition, and persecution of men, in whatever way manifested, or to whatever extent, we are to let that take its chance, a principle, the importance of which it is difficult to over-estimate; which lies at the foundation of all that is great and good in character; which has enabled the greatest and the best men, by the blessing of God, to achieve the great purposes they have formed for advancing the highest interests of mankind, and upon which it is necessary for the good soldier of Christ to act in every age, in an age in which the church enjoys tranquillity, as well as when she suffers persecution.' Samuel Rutherford's (and others) correspondence with these exceptional Christian women is noted throughout. 494 pages of soul-stirring history!" -- SWRB

*Anderson, William, The Voice Of Renwick, The Last of the Scottish Martyrs (1882) (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1998).
"A rare work setting forth the stirring story of the young minister and martyr James Renwick. It explains the main points (of Covenanted Reformation) for which he and many other Covenanters suffered and died. Also makes practical applications which can be applied to today. -- SWRB

Aiton, J., The life and times of Alexander Henderson, giving a history of the second reformation of the Church of Scotland, and of the covenanters, during the reign of Charles I. 1836

Anonymous. The life and death of the Reverend Mr. Alexander Peden; ... Who died January 28, 1686, about sixty years of age. ... London, 1774. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3321112882

ANONYMOUS, Life of George Wishart: The Most Distinguished Martyr for the Reformation in Scotland..., 1829

*Beza, Theodore, The Life of John Calvin (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Included on (Puritan Bookshelf CD #6). A Christian classic.
"Beza was Calvin's friend, student and successor at Geneva. As an eye-witness to Calvin's conduct and an intimate friend, this work (of 100 pages) of necessity retains a special quality that other treatments of Calvin's life will lack. Notwithstanding, the best modern treatment of Calvin's views and work is found in Carlos Eire's (a Roman Catholic author) WAR AGAINST THE IDOLS: THE REFORMATION OF WORSHIP FROM ERASMUS TO CALVIN." -- SWRB

*Boston, Thomas, Memoirs of Thomas Boston (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1988). A Christian classic.
"Boston (1676-1732) was a country preacher in Scotland. His remarkable triumphs over his obscure location and a church he described as `naturally smart and of an uncommon assurance; self-conceited and censorious to a degree [are related here]. . . ." His works total 12 hefty volumes. His sermons are replete with memorable sayings. . . . His wife was mentally ill, and he himself suffered severe illness from vitamin deficiency. Yet these trials only spurred his deep faith, and accelerated his accomplishments. At the last he was famous, drawing large crowds from far away places. He preached until he could not walk, and then people gathered under his window to hear his last words, he advocating his ruling lifetime passion, the need of self-examination with Biblical guidelines. . ." -- Jay P. Green, Sr. Other works by Brooks include HUMAN NATURE IN ITS FOURFOLD STATE and his sermons on REPENTANCE along with his book on suffering, THE CROOK IN THE LOT, and his excellent work, THE ART OF MAN-FISHING.

*Brown, P. Hume, John Knox: A Biography (1895), 2 volumes (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Brown says of Knox, 'It would, indeed, be difficult to name another historical personage who in such degree as Knox revealed a nation's genius to itself, and at once vitalized and dominated its collective thought and action. To Present Knox in this twofold aspect, at once as a great Scotsman, and a figure of European importance, is the object of the present biography.' Moreover, Brown continues, noting that in Knox 'we have precisely what distinguishes the great religious leader from the mere religious visionary' and we 'have seen in Knox one of the great emancipators of humanity, whose work left undone would irremediably have injured the highest interests not only of his own country but of the community of civilized nations... For the mass of his countrymen, those who have shaped the nation's destinies in the past as they must shape them in the future, Knox is the greatest person their country has produced, and the man to whom in all that makes a people great they owe the deepest and most abiding debt. 'What I have been to my country,' he himself said when within sight of the end he looked back on the long travail of his life, 'what I have been to my country, albeit this unthankful age will not know, yet the ages to come will be compelled to bear witness to the truth;' and the consenting testimony of three centuries is the evidence and pledge that his assurance was not in vain.' An rare and extensive biography of over 700 pages. . . ." -- SWRB

Buckroyd, J., The life of James Sharp, Archbishop of St. Andrews, 1618-1679, 1987

Butler, D., The Life and Letters of Robert Leighton, 1903

*Calumy, Edmund, 1671-1732 and Samuel Palmer (editor), The Nonconformist's Memorial, (3 vols.), 1802. Seems to be the prefered edition. A Christian classic. See also, Benjamin Brook, Lives of the Puritans.
"Edmund Calamy (1678-1732), a dissenting minister in London and a historian, was the son and grandson of puritan ministers inside the Church of England. Both of them, along with hundreds of others, were expelled from their church livings for their refusal to submit to the 1662 Act of Uniformity. This event, the so-called 'Great Ejection', was a crucial moment in the formation of religious dissent in England. This book, first published in 1775, is an extensively-revised version, by another dissenting minister Samuel Palmer, of materials originally collated and published by Edmund Calamy, commemorating the lives and works of these ejected ministers.
"Editing the autobiography of one of the most eminent of these ejected ministers, Richard Baxter, Calamy included a long chapter listing the ejected ministers and such biographical data as he could find. This is the famous chapter 9 of AN ABRIDGMENT OF MR BAXTER'S HISTORY OF HIS LIFE AND TIMES (1702). This chapter became a whole volume of a second edition of the ABRIDGEMENT published in 1713. And in 1727 Calamy produced a further two volumes of material under the title A CONTINUATION OF THE ACCOUNT OF THE MINISTERS, LECTURERS, MASTERS AND FELLOWS OF COLLEGES, AND SCHOOLMASTERS WHO WERE EJECTED AND SILENCED AFTER THE RESTORATION OF 1660... "Samuel Palmer attempted to integrate this material into a more readable form, making extensive revisions and additions. He certainly succeeded in producing something more accessible to eighteenth-century readers and there were several reprints of the book and a second edition in 1802-3. However readability was sometimes at the cost of accuracy and of a reduction of the scholarly value of Calamy's material.
"Nevertheless THE NONCONFORMIST'S MEMORIAL was an important work of collective memory by eighteenth-century dissenters."

Carlisle, Samuel, A Paper on the History of the Reformed Presbyterian or Covenanting Church in the Vicinity of Newburgh and on the Life of Rev. James R. Willson, D.D., 1885

Carruthers, E.W., A Sketch of the Life and Character of the Rev. David Caldwell, D.D.

Carslaw, W.H., Life and times of William Guthrie, 1900

CARSLAW, W.H., Six Martyrs of the Scottish Reformation, 1907 edition, 1907

CARSLAW, W.H., The Life and Letters of James Renwick the Last Scottish Martyr, 1893

CARSLAW, W.H., The Life and Times of Donald Cargill

CARSLAW, W.H., The Life and Times of James Renwick, 1900

CARSLAW, W.H., Three Heroes of the Covenant: The Life and Times of William Guthrie, Donald Cargill and James Renwick, Last of the Martyrs, 1902

CARSLAW, W.H. (editor), The Scots Worthies, revised and corrected by Rev. W.H. Carslaw, Edinburgh, 1885

Clergyman and others. The biographical and martyrological dictionary: containing the lives, sufferings, and deaths, of the most eminent martyrs and confessors of Christ, ... To the whole is annexed, a general index, ... By a clergyman and others. Newcastle upon Tyne, 1790. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3322011412

Cunningham, William, John Calvin (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"As Cunningham states, 'John Calvin was by far the greatest of the Reformers with respect to the talents he possessed, the influence he exerted, and the services he rendered in the establishment and diffusion of important truth.' Here we have a succinct account of Calvin's works and the leading principles that he maintained. Calvin is without a doubt one of the great men in all of human history, and as he often pointed out, he owed everything to the Lord Jesus Christ--all his talents, all his influence, his very salvation, etc.--for that is the nature of 'Calvinism,' giving God all the glory!" -- SWRB

Dickson, David, A Short Account of the Life of the Rev. David Dickson

Fraser, D., The Life and Diary of Ralph Erskine, 1834

Fraser, James. Memoirs of the life of the very Reverend Mr. James Fraser of Brea, ... Written by himself. Dedicated by the author, to ... Thomas Ross, ... Edinburgh, 1738. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3321774296

Gilmour, Robert, Samuel Rutherford (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"A biographical and historical study in the history of the Scottish Covenant. In Critical Reviews Relating Chiefly to Scotland (also in this bound photocopy section), compiled by Hay Fleming, we read, 'Mr. Gilmour has produced an excellent volume, which is worthy of being placed alongside any of its predecessors . . . Scattered throughout its pages there are numerous quotations from Rutherford's own works . . . Rutherford's admirers will relish it, because of its keen sympathy with and high appreciation of him.' Rutherford was a master scholar of Scripture, a great devotional writer (see his LETTERS), a devoted minister of Christ, one of the Scotch commissioners to the Westminster Assembly, and a world class political philosopher (whose LEX, REX forever changed the face of political thought). Gilmour writes, 'that, as regards religious fervour, scholastic subtlety of intellect, and intensity of ecclesiastical conviction, Samuel Rutherford is the most distinctively representative Scotsman in the first half of the seventeenth century.' Few saints in history were given the gifts this man possessed. (See under 'Rutherford,' in our 'rare bound photocopy section' for a number of his works that have been out of print for many years.)" -- SWRB

Grant, Maurice, No King but Christ: The Story of Donald Cargill (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"A Covenanter and field-preacher, Cargill studied under Samuel Rutherford at St. Andrews. For opposing the introduction of Episcopacy, he was ejected in the great ejection of 1662. He later refused government indulgences and after returning from Holland (to preach with Richard Cameron in Scotland) he publicly excommunicated Charles II and other leading 'government' officials. A large reward was then placed on his head and after many narrow escapes he was apprehended by the emissaries of the beast. For his testimony to the truth he was tried and convicted of treason and executed on July 27, 1681. This is a well researched book telling the stirring story of faithfulness (to the covenanted cause of Christ) and martyrdom. In the preface to this book the author wisely comments, 'Some of the traditions that have grown up around the men and women who suffered for their faith in seventeenth-century Scotland have tended to represent them as adherents of a movement which was diverse in some way from the main current of Scottish Presbyterianism. Cargill is well enough known as one of the principal figures of the period, but it is around him particularly that many of these misconceptions have tended to concentrate. Too often he has been depicted, even by not unfriendly hands, as something of an austere dogmatist, cling obstinately to a fanatical creed which brought himself and his followers into needless conflict with the authorities. It has been part of my purpose to show that, on the contrary, the principles for which Cargill contended lay at the very heart of the Scottish reformed tradition, and that the actions which he took were of the highest importance in preserving the historic testimony of the Scottish church. The result is, I hope, to place Cargill's position in a truer historical perspective and to dispel some of the misunderstandings which have gathered around his life and character'." -- SWRB

Hanna, W., Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Thomas Chalmers (4 vols.), 1849

Herkless, John, Richard Cameron (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Part of the famous Scots series, this book chronicles the life of the Presbyterian Pastor know as the 'Lion of the Covenant.' Cameron rejected his early Episcopalian persuasion, subsequent to hearing 'the persecuted Gospel in the fields,' and after 'the wonderful working of the Lord by His powerful Spirit upon him' revealing 'a lively discovery of the sin and hazard of Prelacy,' he joined with ranks of the persecuted Covenanters, notes Howie (in Scots Worthies). He set an uncompromising standard for the gospel and against the enemies of Christ, for which he was hunted and ultimately martyred. In mockery of his testimony, the wicked took his head and hands and fixed them upon the Netherbow Port, with the fingers upward. 'One of his and Christ's declared enemies, when he looked at his head at Edinburgh, gave him this testimony, saying, 'There's the head and hands of a man who lived praying and preaching, and died praying and fighting.' And wherever the faithful contendings of the Covenanted Church of Scotland are made mention of, this, to his hounour, shall be recorded of him.' (Scots Worthies). Herkless also states that '[i]t is of noteworthy significance . . . that for over two hundred years Cameron's name has been associated with a set of men marked by the strictest adherence to Calvinism, and by a genuine, even though severe, profession of piety. It was a remarkable testimony to their religious earnestness when Norman Macleod, referring to the parish of Loudoun, wrote: 'I am eagerly desirous to get family worship established--of that there seems not to be a vestige, except among the Cameronians, and there every family has it.' In this testimony stands the name of Cameron, who, by the genuineness of his religion, his uncompromising devotion to principle, and the greatness of his cause, touched the nation and fixed himself in its memory.' Cameron was ordained at the hands of the exiled Robert MacWard and John Brown (of Wamphray), while in Holland. 'He and a group of supporters issued the Sanquhar Declaration, renouncing the authority of Charles II, and declaring war upon him as a tyrant and usurper. For this he was declared a traitor, and had a heavy price put on his head' (Cameron, editor, Dictionary of Scottish Church History, p.124)." -- SWRB

HOUSTON, THOMAS, The Life of James Renwick

Howie, John, Memoirs of the Life of John Howie

Howie, John, James Stewart and John Knox: Scotland's "Two Sons of Oil" (excerpted from John Howie's Scots Worthies, 1781 edition, narrated by Larry Birger, Jr.) (Audio Cassette Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"As Birger accurately observes in his introduction to this one-tape reformational powerhouse, `One great reason the Church is so weak and divided today is precisely because she has rejected these commandments of her Lord and Husband [to walk in the footsteps of the flock (Song 1:8), and to seek out and walk in the old paths (Jer. 6:16)]. Forgetting the works of God in history, she has thus become an easy prey to the old lies and idolatries of the Roman Catholic Church, that whore of Babylon, such that so-called Protestantism today in many ways bears more resemblance to the Roman Church than to the biblical churches of the Reformation. We are indeed ignorant of our history, and therefore have been doomed time and again to repeat its mistakes.' He continues, pointing to one of God's powerful remedies for our sinful failings in this area: Our gracious Lord has nonetheless provided a way out for us, by preserving for us the narratives of His great works in history, as well as His infallible Word by which to judge which are truly the good old paths.... On this tape you'll hear of the lives of two men who exemplified the work of Christ's "Two Witnesses" in Scotland, James Stewart, Earl of Moray, and John Knox. These "Two Sons of Oil," like their ancient predecessors, Zerubbabel and Joshua, illustrate the holy beauty and mighty effectiveness of God's institutions of Scriptural civil magistracy and gospel ministry. We see from their high regard for one another and from the work they accomplished in the Lord how both righteous civil rulers and faithful gospel ministers are necessary for true and lasting, society-changing reformation. In our age of ungodly toleration and pretended liberty of conscience (as opposed to the true Scriptural liberty of conscience promoted by these two eminent reformers), the emphasis is generally laid upon the ministry only as the agent of reformation -- and truly, there will be no lasting reformation without a faithful ministry. Nevertheless, we see from the Scriptural examples of Hezekiah, Josiah, and other godly rulers, as well as from various instances throughout subsequent history that the civil rulers are called by, and used by, God to promote and protect the welfare of His Bride, the Church. These rulers have no authority in matters of religion, but they have a responsibility about matters of religion -- to do things like suppressing and uprooting heresy, blasphemy, and idolatry, and encouraging and promoting faithful ministers -- as all our faithful Reformed forefathers taught.' Learn with excitement how God used these two faithful men to defeat Antichrist in Scotland, and purify and unify His faithful Church there. A great tool for seeing the vital importance of the civil government (as well as the ministry) in reformation!" -- SWRB
James Stewart and John Knox: Scotland's "Two Sons of Oil" (excerpted from John Howie's Scots Worthies, 1781 ed., narrated by Larry Birger, Jr.)

*Howie, John, The Scots Worthies. Biographia Scoticana: or, A Brief Historical Account of the Lives, Characters, and Memorable Transactions of the Most Eminent Scots Worthies . . . As also, an appendix, containing a short historical hint of the wicked lives . . . of the . . . apostates and . . . persecutors in Scotland .., 2nd edition, corrected and enlarged, 1781 (Glasgow: Printed by John Bryce, and sold at his shop opposite Gibson's-Wynd, Salt-market, 1781), (Gale: Eighteenth Century Collection Online [ECCO.] Gale Document Number CW3300757473), and (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Most commonly known as `Scots Worthies,' this edition contains Howie's footnotes (defending the Covenanters) and Howie's appendix titled `The Judgment and Justice of God' (which chronicles God's judgments upon Reformation apostates and those who persecuted the Covenanters). It is the only edition in print which contains both these sections intended for publication by the author (as later editors often removed either one or both of these parts of this book). Biographia Scoticana covers the history of `noblemen, gentlemen, ministers and others from Mr. Patrick Hamilton, who was born about the year of our Lord 1503, and suffered martyrdom at St Andrews, Feb, 1527, to Mr. James Renwick, who was executed in the Grass-market of Edinburgh, Feb. 17, 1688. Together with a succinct account of the lives of other seven eminent divines, and Sir Robert Hamilton of Preston, who died about, or shortly after the Revolution.' This is one of our best history books (over 700 pages), covering all of the major Scottish Reformers. Howie summarizes his book as follows: `The design of the following was to collect, from the best authorities, a summary account of the lives, characters, and contendings, of a certain number of our most renowned SCOTS WORTHIES, who, for their faithful services, ardent zeal, constancy in sufferings, and other Christian graces and virtues, deserve honourable memorial in the Church of Christ; and for which their names have been, and will be savoury to all the true lovers of our Zion, while Reformation principles are regarded.' Furthermore, the momentous nature of the struggles chronicled in this book are succinctly noted when Howie writes: `the primitive witnesses had the divinity of the Son of God, and an open confession of Him, for their testimony. Our reformers from Popery had Antichrist to struggle with, in asserting the doctrines of the Gospel, and the right way of salvation in and through Jesus Christ. Again, in the reigns of James VI. and Charles I., Christ's REGALIA, and the divine right of Presbytery, became the subject matter of their testimony. Then, in the beginning of the reign of Charles II. (until he got the whole of our ancient and laudable constitution effaced and overturned), our Worthies only saw it their duty to hold and contend for what they had already attained unto. But, in the end of this and the subsequent tyrant's reign, they found it their duty (a duty which they had too long neglected) to advance one step higher, by casting off their authority altogether, and that as well on account of their manifest usurpation of Christ's crown and dignity, as on account of their treachery, bloodshed, and tyranny... which may be summed up. The Primitive martyrs sealed the prophetic office of Christ in opposition to Pagan idolatry. The reforming martyrs sealed His priestly office with their blood, in opposition to Popish idolatry. And last of all, our late martyrs have sealed His kingly office with their best blood, in despite of supremacy and bold Erastianism. They indeed have cemented it upon His royal head, so that to the world's end it shall never drop off again.' Moreover, the importance of this book can be clearly seen when Johnston, in TREASURY OF THE SCOTTISH COVENANT, reports that, Walter Scott refers to Howie as `the fine old chronicler of the Cameronians'. . . Howie's book has been for upwards of a century a household word, occupying a place on the shelf beside the Bible and THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.' Written for God, country and the covenanted work of Reformation. Stirring history!" -- SWRB
See also: Thomson, John Henderson (editor), A Cloud of Witnesses for the Royal Prerogatives of Jesus Christ Being the Last Speeches and Testimonies of Those who Have Suffered for the Truth in Scotland Since . . . 1680 (Harrisonburg, VA [Sprinkle Publications, P.O. Box 1094, Harrisonburg, 22803]: Sprinkle Publications) or the 1871 edition, digitized Aug 31, 2006, free online e-text A Cloud of Witnesses for the Royal Prerogatives of Jesus Christ Being the Last Speeches and Testimonies of Those who Have Suffered for the Truth in Scotland Since . . . 1680, and John Foxe's Book of Martyrs. Actes and Monuments of Matters Most Speciall and Memorable, the second edition of Foxe's Book of Martyrs Variorum Edition Online (version 1.1 - summer 2006).

Innes, Taylor, John Knox (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
" 'The writer of this excellent little book does not profess to have indulged in original research in his preparation, nor does he claim to bring forth new facts concerning its subject. He has, however, made a careful study of the previous biographies of Knox, and, above all, of the Reformer's own works . . . He has preferred to deal with the great outstanding periods of Knox's life and with the vital traits of his character. He has, in short, tried to produce a vivid impression of the man as he appeared to his contemporaries and as he was in his heart; and he has been wonderfully successful' (cited in Critical Reviews Relating Chiefly to Scotland by David Hay Fleming, a SWRB rare bound photocopy)." -- SWRB

Irving, David, Memoirs of the Life and Writing of George Buchanan, 1899 (1817, 435)

Johnston (of Wariston), Archibald, Diary of Sir Archibald Johnston of Wariston, 3 volumes (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
"The introduction to this book cites Carlyle writing, 'Archibald Johnston of Wariston; . . . a Lord Register of whom all the world had heard. Redactor of the Covenanters' protests in 1637 and onwards; redactor perhaps of the Covenant itself; canny lynx-eyed Lawyer, and austere Presbyterian Zealot; full of fire, of heavy energy and gloom: in fact a very notable character.' The introduction further notes that Johnston was 'in some respects, one of the most interesting of the leading Scotsmen who lived in those troubled times which began with the Service Book riot, the swearing and subscription of the National Covenant, and the abjuration of Episcopacy in 1637-38, and ended with the overthrow of the Protectorate and the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660 . . .' Calling Johnston the 'Covenanter politician,' the DICTIONARY OF SCOTTISH CHURCH HISTORY AND THEOLOGY (Cameron, editor) states, 'From the start of the revolt against Charles I in 1637 he was at its centre, frequently acting as secretary to the rebel leaders and drafting their declarations. He and Alexander Henderson were joint authors of the National Covenant, and he frequently took part in negotiations with the King and the English Parliament in the years that followed. In 1638 he was appointed clerk to the General Assembly and procurator of the Church, and in 1641, he was knighted and appointed a Lord of Session. In 1643 he became one of Scotland's representatives at the Westminster Assembly, and in 1646 King's Advocate. He had from the start been identified with the most radical of the Covenanters, and in 1648 he helped inspire opposition to the Engagement. A leading figure in the Kirk Party regime of 1648-50, becoming Clerk Register in 1649, he was in the fore in demanding thorough purging and punishing of the ungodly in both Church and state. During the Cromwellian invasion of 1650-1 he supported the Western Remonstrance and the Protesters in virtually disowning the cause of Charles II. He refused to serve the regime of Oliver Cromwell at first, partly through opposition of the religious toleration it imposed (though he later backslid into accepting major positions under Cromwell's dictatorship -- RB) . . . After the Restoration he was denounced as a traitor for having served Cromwell, and fled into hiding abroad. He was discovered in France, brought back to Edinburgh and executed . . . being generally hated and despised. Yet through his remarkable diaries one can gain much understanding' (pp. 446-447). J.C. Johnston's TREASURY OF THE SCOTTISH COVENANT (pp. 404-405) provides us with more insight into this fascinating saint (and these unparalleled times) in the following two quotations. 'For the lay elders there was the redoubted Johnston of Warriston, the most able and zealous of a group of lay statesmen who were as thorough warriors in the ecclesiastical department of the great struggle as the clergy themselves . . . He looked at the Covenant as the setting of Christ on His throne, and so was out of measure zealous in it. He afterwards, in old age and physical weakness, sealed it with his blood, his last words being 'The Lord has graciously comforted me; O pray, pray; praise, praise' (Burton). 'Warriston was a religious statesman. The standard of his policy was the Word of God; his great and governing aim, the Divine glory. And on this account his name has suffered obloquy from a quarter where all who would follow his steps may expect similar treatment, so long as society is composed, as it still is to such an alarming extent, of the godless and unbelieving' (Dr. M'Crie). The Treasury ATLA 1988-6070 also notes that 'it is to Johnston that the world generally has attributed the project of renewing the Covenant (of 1638 -- RB). This was his master-stroke of policy.' It further informs us that 'on one occasion he continued in prayer during fourteen hours.' For a glimpse into the heart of the most thorough national (and international) Reformation thus far in history you will not get closer to the source than Johnston's rare three volume Diary! From the inner workings of the battle for the National covenant to Johnston's notes covering Cromwell, Owen's views on toleration, the Protester/Resolutioner controversy and much more, this is an exceedingly valuable historical resource. As the introduction so aptly puts it, 'the great Covenanter's Diary . . . contained many valuable passages with relation to the history of these times, nowhere else to be found.' Almost 1300 pages in total and indexed." -- SWRB

*Thomson, John Henderson (editor), A Cloud of Witnesses for the Royal Prerogatives of Jesus Christ Being the Last Speeches and Testimonies of Those who Have Suffered for the Truth in Scotland Since . . . 1680 (Hess Publications), (Harrisonburg, VA [Sprinkle Publications, P.O. Box 1094, Harrisonburg, 22803]: Sprinkle Publications), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series and Hardback Bound. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books (1884 edition), and ATLA 1990-0933.
"Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God." (Hebrews 12:1,2)
"Presbyterian Covenanter martyrs of Scotland, their last speeches and testimonies. The first edition appeared in 1714, and as more material was collected it was added to the 15 editions that were printed over the next 100 years."
"An amazing book compiled to show how -- and especially why (from their own dying testimonies) -- the Covenanters suffered, bled and died. These brave martyrs for Christ laid the foundation for liberty and truth in both church and state. They have much to say to us today . . . . Though the issues and ferocity of persecution (by the Popes, prelates, and Erastians) were more obvious during the times covered in this book, the message to contemporary Christians could not be clearer: we are involved in a life and death struggle. Few books are this moving or this edifying -- a real treasure! (658 pp., 1884 ed.)." -- SWRB
"The Fifteenth Edition, Enlarged and Corrected: A Cloud of Witnesses, for the Royal Prerogatives of Jesus Christ: or, The Last Speeches and Testimonies Of those who have Suffered for the Truth in Scotland, since the year 1680: With an Appendix, Containing the Queensferry Paper; Torwood Excommunication; a Relation concerning Mr. Richard Cameron, Mr. Donald Cargil, and Henry Hall; and an Account of those who were killed without Process of Law, and banished to Foreign Lands: With a short View of some of the oppressive Exactions.
"With the Testimonies of John Nisbet the Younger, John Nisbet of Hardhill, Robert Miller, Thomas Harkness, &c. A Letter of John Semple's and of Archibald Stewart's. The Paper found upon Mr. Cameron at Airsmoss, and an Acrostick upon his name. The Testimony of John Finlay in Kilmarnock. The Epitaphs upon the Grave Stones of Mr. Samuel Rutherford, Mr. John Welwood, and the noble Patriots who fell at Pentland-hills, &c.
"Also includes The Testimony of some persecuted Presbyterian Ministers of the Gospel, unto the Covenanted Reformation of the Church of Scotland, and to the present expediency of continuing to preach the Gospel in the fields, and against the present Antichristian Toleration in its nature and design, &c. Given in to the Ministers at Edinburgh, by Mr. James Renwick, upon the 17th Jan. 1688. And Mr. Richard Cameron's Last Sermon; preached on Kype Water in Evandale, July 18th, 1680, three days before he was killed at Airs-moss. (Pittsburgh: Printed for David Reed, by Eichbaum & Johnston, 1824. Leather binding, 7 1/2 x 4 1/2, 420 pages.)
The 1871 edition was praised by Spurgeon.
A Cloud of Witnesses, 1871 edition, free online e-text. Original from Oxford University. Digitized Aug 31, 2006.

M'Crie, Thomas, Life of Knox (1831), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Iain Murray, in his stirring introduction to Cunningham's Historical Theology writes, `The third event marking the commencement of this spiritual movement was the publication of a book in 1811. It was the biography of John Knox by Thomas M'Crie. All over Scotland this work was used to revive the memory of the great Reformer and nothing could have been a more telling protest against the stifling influence of Moderatism. It brought many a student and minister into the experience once described by James Fraser of Bera in his Memoirs: "When I read Knox, I thought I saw another scheme of divinity, much more agreeable to the Scriptures and to my experience than the modern." M'Crie followed this up in 1819 with a biography of Knox's great successor, Andrew Melville, and these two books became known as the "Iliad and Odyssey of the Scottish Church." Just as Homer's heroes fired the hearts of many imitators so M'Crie's biographies aroused a holy ambition in many to follow the noble example of these two spiritual giants.' M'Crie's work is an undisputed classic regarding this fiery reformer. It exhibits information on Knox and the Scottish Reformation which has been hid in manuscripts and books which are now little known or consulted. Knox may be the most pertinent Reformer to study in our day of widespread idolatry, pluralism, anti-Christian government, humanistic law, relativism, and the revival of that `masterpiece of Satan,' Roman Catholicism. Read everything that you can get your hands on--either by or about Knox; you'll never be the same again!" -- SWRB

M'Crie, Thomas, Life of Thomas M'Crie, 1840

M'Crie, Thomas, The life of Alexander Henderson, 1847

M'CRIE, THOMAS, The Life of Andrew Melville (2 vols.), 1856

M'Crie, Thomas, The Life of Mr. Robert Blair, 1848

*MacKenzie, Robert, John Brown of Haddington (London, England: Banner of Truth Trust, 1964).
"The encouraging story of a peasant farmer who became a great preacher." -- Cyril J. Barber

*MacGregor, Geddes, The Thundering Scott: A Portrait of John Knox (Philadelphia, PA: (?), 1957). 90018
"A brilliantly written treatment that ably blends the political forces and spiritual power that swept across Scotland and brought about the Reformation." -- Cyril J. Barber

McFeeters, J.C., Sketches of the Covenanters (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Stirring accounts of sacrifice and martyrdom for the Reformed Faith that will bring tears to eyes of all but the backslidden. Follows the chain of events which gave Scotland two Reformations and a Revolution. Knox, the National Covenant, the Westminster Assembly, the Field Meetings, and much more is covered. The history of great battles for Christ and His royal rights are recounted in this moving history book. Sheds much light upon the warfare with the dragon for true liberty. One of our best history books, highly recommended!" -- SWRB

Morison, William, Andrew Melville (1899), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"A part of the 'Famous Scots Series.' Melville picked up where John Knox left off. His opposition to the slavery of Romanism and Episcopalianism (one of the daughters of the mother of harlots) helped lead Scotland into the freedom, liberty and strength of Scripturally based Presbyterianism. Melville was not only the greatest ecclesiastical controversialist of his day, but also the most learned Scot of his time." -- SWRB

Murray, T., Life of Rev. Samuel Rutherford, 1827
Nisbet, John, A True Relation of the Life and Suffering of John Nisbet in Hardhill, 1718 (in Tweedie, SELECT BIOGRAPHIES II)

Pollok, D., The Life of Robert Pollok, 1843

RAINEY, ROBERT, Life of William Cunningham, 1871

Reid, James, Memoirs of the Westminster Divines (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust).
"First published in 1811, this authoritative work of 756 pages contains biographical sketches of 106 who worked on the historic Westminster Confession of Faith (1646)." -- GCB

*Rutherford, Samuel, Letters of Samuel Rutherford (Puritan Paperback Series. Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust). 10694
With a biographical introduction by Andrew Bonar. "These letters will ever be precious to all who are sensible of their own, and the church's decay and corruptions." -- Andrew Bonar
"Like a strong winged eagle he soars into the highest heaven and with unblenched eye he looks into the mystery of love divine. . . . When we are dead and gone let the world know that Spurgeon held RUTHERFORD'S LETTERS to be the nearest thing to inspiration which can be found in all the writings of mere men." -- C.H. Spurgeon
"Hold off the Bible, such a book the world never saw." -- Richard Baxter. A Christian classic.
Letters of Samuel Rutherford

SHIELDS, ALEXANDER, The Life and Death of That Eminently Pious, Free, and Faithful Minister and Martyr of Jesus Christ, Mr. James Renwick: With a Vindication of the Heads of His Dying Testimony, 1806, second edition

*Shields, Alexander, 1660?-1700, A short memorial of the sufferings and grievances past and present of the Presbyterians in Scotland particularly of them called by nick-name Cameronians, 1690, EEBO.

Shields, Alexander. A true and faithful relation of the sufferings of the Reverend and learned, Mr. Alexander Shields, minister of the Gospel. Written with his own hand. Containing an account of his examinations and imprisonment at London; his being sent down to Scotland; ... Together with a large and elaborate defence of the doctrine of resistance, ... Never before published. [Edinburgh?], 1715. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3320454233

Sloane, William M. (editor), Life and Work of J.R.W. Sloane, 1888

Steele, David (1803-1887), Endless Life the Inheritance of the Righteous: In Memory of Rev. John Neil McLeod, 1875

STEELE, DAVID, 1803-1887, Reminiscences: historical and biographical of a ministry in the Reformed Presbyterian Church during fifty three years, 1883 (Press of William Syckelmoore, 1883), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #23, ISBN: 092114816X 9780921148166.
David Steele, was the pastor of the Reformed Presbyterian Congregation, Philadelphia.

Stevenson, Andrew, Writer, in Edinburgh. Memoirs of the life of Mr. Thomas Hog, Minister of the Gospel at Kiltearn, in Ross. Containing, some very signal displays of the divine condescension to him, and to others by him. To which is annexed, an abstract of Mr. Hog's manner of dealing with persons under conviction. Edinburgh, 1756. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3318121842

Struthers, A.L., Life and Letters of John Paterson Struthers

Temple, Oliver Perry (1820-1907), The Covenanter, the Cavalier, and the Puritan (Cincinnati, The Robert Clarke Company, 1897).
Chiefly a history of the Scotch Covenanters and their descendants in the United States

Thomson, James Pringle, Alexander Henderson the Covenanter (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"The period which followed the Union of the Crowns of Scotland and England contains the opening of that contest between Presbytery and Episcopacy, which occupies so much of our history, and some of its most interesting episodes took place between 1618-1646, the years which comprise the active public life of him who is the subject of the following pages. For this reason the life and career of Alexander Henderson must always possess the greatest interest to any student of Scottish history . . . The virtues of the great are apt to be overestimated after they are dead and gone, but there is not one word of exaggeration in the eulogy which Baillie delivered to the General Assembly in 1647, . . . 'That glorious soul of blessed memory, who now is crowned with the reward of all his labours for God and for us, I wish his remembrance may be fragrant among us, so long as free and pure Assemblies remain in this land, which we hope shall be to the coming of the Lord. You know he spent his strength, and wore out his days, he breathed out his life in the service of God and of his Church. This binds it on our back, as we would not prove ungrateful, to pay him his due. If the thoughts of others be conformed to my inmost sense, in duty and reason, he ought to be accounted by us and posterity the fairest ornament, after John Knox, of incomparable memory, that we the Church of Scotland did enjoy' (pp. 5, 158). Henderson had a major hand in the writing of and international subscription to the Solemn League and Covenant. He was also one of the Scottish commissioners to the Westminster Assembly." -- SWRB

Thomson, Thomas, Life of James Guthrie, 1846

Walker, Patrick, Six Saints of the Covenant, 2 volumes (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1901).
"Covers the lives of Peden, Semple, Welwood, Cameron, Cargill and Smith. These two volumes are edited with illustrative documents, introduction, notes, and a glossary by David Hay Fleming. Walker's advantage in writing of these men, as Hay Fleming points out, can be seen in `that he lived in the times of which he wrote, that he personally knew many of the Covenanters and martyrs of whom he wrote, and that he was himself a shrewd observer and was endowed with a tenacious memory.' Walker himself had endured imprisonment and torture for the Covenanted cause of Christ and Burton writes that his `unadorned descriptions of suffering and heroism convey a lesson to the heart which no genius or learning could strengthen.' 629 pages, indexed." -- SWRB

Walker, Patrick, Some Remarkable Passages in the Life and Death of Daniel Cargill, 1732

Walker, Patrick, Some Remarkable Passages of the Life and Death of John Semple, John Welwood, and Richard Cameron, 1727

WATSON, JEAN, Life and Times of Rev. Alexander Peden (the Prophet), and James Renwick, 188?

Weatherwax, Nancy, "Ladies of the Covenant" [microform] : (Re) Interpreting a heroic age, 1998.
Corporate author: American Society of Church History. Meeting (1997 : Nashville, Tenn.)
Series: American Society of Church History papers ; SCH-16213.
General note: "Presented at The 162nd Meeting of The American Society of Church History, April 24-27, 1997, Nashville, TN."
Bibliography note: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 15-16).
Reproduction note: Microfiche. Portland, Or. : Theological Research Exchange Network, 1998. 1 microfiche : negative. (American Society of Church History papers ; SCH-16213).

See also: The covenanted reformation short title listing, The history of martyrs, Local church history, alexander craighead, and the mecklenburg declaration, The covenanted reformation of scotland short title listing

Funeral Sermons of Saints

Baxter, Richard. Biographical collections: or lives and characters, from the works of the Reverend Mr. Baxter, and Dr. Bates, (with various additions interspersed) of the following excellent persons, ... Together with abstracts of their funeral sermons. ... Vol. 1. London, 1766. 2 vols. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3318666357

Burnham, Richard. Pious memorials; or, the power of religion upon the mind, in sickness, and at death: exemplified in the experience of many divines and other eminent persons ... By the late Mr. Richard Burnham, ... With a recommendatory preface, by ... James Hervey, ... A new edition. To which is now added, a large appendix, ... Paisley, 1788. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3319923416

Rev. Jerry Falwell Memorial (1933-2007) May 22, 2007

Dr. Jerry Falwell's Funeral, May 22, 2007

Fox, John. An earnest persuasive to a manly defence of our happy constitution in church and state; a sermon, preached in the parish-church of Kildwick-Piercy, in the county of York, on Friday, February 17, 1758, ... By John Fox, ... York, 1758. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3319916615

Goode, William. Faith triumphant in death; a funeral sermon, occasioned by the death of the Rev. W. Romaine, ... preached in the parish church of St. Dunstan, Sunday evening, August 9th, 1795, by the Rev. W. Goode, ... London, 1795. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3320254165

Guthrie, James. The ordinary of Newgate his account, of the behaviour, confession, and dying words of the malefactors who were executed at Tyburn, on Monday the 12th of this instant February, 1728. [London ], [1728]. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3305077189

Jebb, John. A speech on the characters and deaths, of the Rev. John William Reid, and John Sargint, Esq. delivered from the chair of the Historical Society, ... Dublin, on Wednesday the twelfth of December, 1798. By John Jebb, .... Dublin, 1799. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3302041865

D. James Kennedy Memorial (1930-2007) September 13, 2007

Owen, John. A complete collection of the sermons of the Reverend and learned John Owen, D.D. ... Also several valuable tracts, now first published from manuscripts: ... And to the whole are prefix'd Memoirs of his life: some letters written by him upon special occasions: and his funeral sermon, preach'd by Mr. David Clarkson. London, 1721. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3317508828

Palmer, Samuel. The dying believer's confidence and joy in Christ. A sermon preached ... April 12, 1778, on occasion of the death of the Rev. Samuel Wilton, D.D. ... By Samuel Palmer. To which is added, an oration at his interment in Bunhill-fields, April 10, by Samuel Morton Savage, D.D. London, [1778]. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3318028810

Palmer, Samuel. The true patriot. A sermon, on the much lamented death of John Howard, L.L.D. F.R.S. preached at Hackney, his native place. With memoirs of his life and character. By Samuel Palmer. ... London, 1790. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3321041440

Shields, Alexander. An elegy upon the death of that famous and faithful minister and martyr Mr. James Renwick. Composed ... after his execution at Edinburgh, February, 17th, 1688. By Mr. Alexander Shields, .... Glasgow, 1760. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3303647870

Toplady, Augustus. A memoir of some principal circumstances in the life and death of the Reverend and learned Augustus Montague Toplady, ... to which are added, written by himself, The dying believer's address to his soul, and his own last will and testament. The second edition. London, 1778. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3301858799

Toplady, Augustus. The Reverend Mr Toplady's dying avowal of his religious sentiments. London, 1778. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3317908873

Funeral address of Richard White, Pastor of Montreat Presbyterian Church, June 16, 2007 (Ruth Bell Graham, 1920-2007)
Some of her favorite scripture were read during the ceremony: Psalm 90, Psalm 1, Psalm 23, and Romans 8. Other favorites of Ruth mentioned during the service were:
"For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you an expected end." (Jeremiah 29:11)
"Shew me thy ways, O LORD; teach me thy paths. Lead me in thy truth, and teach me: for thou art the God of my salvation; on thee do I wait all the day." (Psalms 25:4,5)
"The LORD is good unto them that wait for him, to the soul that seeketh him." (Lamentations 3:25)
"O satisfy us early with thy mercy; that we may rejoice and be glad all our days." (Psalm 90:14)
"Delight thyself also in the LORD; and he shall give thee the desires of thine heart." (Psalm 37:4).
See Isaac Taylor's comments in THE TREASURY OF DAVID link below. He begins by saying "The 90th Psalm might be cited as perhaps the most sublime of human compositions -- the deepest in feeling -- the loftiest in theologic conception -- the most magnificent in its imagery." Recommend are the commentary of both Spurgeon and others on the first and last verses, 1 and 17. All are found in the following link:
The Treasury of David, Psalm 90, C.H. Spurgeon
See also:
The Treasury of David, Psalm 1, C.H. Spurgeon
The Treasury of David, Psalm 23, C.H. Spurgeon
And Matthew Henry's commentary on Romans 8:
Romans 8 with Matthew Henry's Commentary§ion=0&version=kjv&showtools=1&language=en
Ruth Bell Graham: A Lifetime Pilgrimage

Williams, Daniel. Christian sincerity: described in a funeral sermon June the first, 1707. Occasion'd by the death of ... Mr. Thomas Doolittle, M.A. By Daniel Williams, ... London, 1707. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3320729944

Williams, Daniel. A funeral sermon upon occasion of the death of the Reverend Mr. Matthew Henry. Preach'd at Hackney, June the 27th. 1714. By Daniel Williams, D.D. London, 1714. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3319759451

See also: The history of martyrs

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