Chapter 9 (part 2)

Corporate Faithfulness and
Sanctification

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Proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof. (Leviticus 25:10a)

If ye continue in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed; And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. -- Jesus Christ (John 8:31b,32)

If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed. -- Jesus Christ (John 8:36)

For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ. -- (1 Corinthians 3:11)

And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest. (Matthew 21:9)
This was the Lord's public claiming of authority over Israel. He was the son of David, and so He was by natural right the King of the Jews. If He had taken possession of His own, He would have been sitting on the throne of the chosen dynasty of David by right of birth. Also as the Messiah, the Christ, He was the King of His people Israel. Concerning Him it had been said by the prophet, "Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold! thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass" (Zechariah 9:9). Our Lord Jesus literally came to Zion in this way. As King He rode to His capital and entered His palace. In His priestly royalty the Son of God went to His Father's house, to the temple of sacrifice and sovereignty. Among the tribes of Israel He is seen to be "One chosen out of the people," whom the Lord had given to be a leader and commander for the people. They might afterwards choose Barabbas and cry that they had no king but Caesar, yet Jesus was their King, as Pilate reminded them when he said, "Shall I crucify your king?" And also His cross declared, it, bearing the legal inscription, "This is Jesus the King of the Jews." Before His trial and condemnation He had put in a public claim to the rights and prerogatives of Zion's king, whom God has set on His holy hill. Would to God all fully recognized our Lord's kingdom, yielding to His sway! Oh, that you would bow before Him, and put your trust in Him! Part of His intent in riding through Jerusalem was that we also who dwell in the isles of the sea might know Him and reverence Him as King of kings and Lord of lords." -- C.H. Spurgeon commenting on Matthew 21:9 in Devotional Classics of C.H. Spurgeon, p. 86

"Whereas, we all came into these parts of America with one and the same end and aim, to advance the Kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to enjoy the liberties of the Gospel in purity and peace." -- The New England Confederation, May 19, 1643

The roots of liberty and limited government are in the Protestant Reformation. We believe the key to the maintenance of liberty and limited government are to be found in the Scottish covenanting struggle.

The question of Paul, Is Christ divided? is one to which professing Christians have not given sufficient heed, and the evil consequences are abundantly apparent.
It was deemed essential to the salvation of men that their Redeemer should possess the powers at once of a prophet, a priest, and a king. These offices, while essentially distinct, are necessarily and inseparably connected with one another. Such a union has been by some utterly denied; and its denial has laid foundation for some capital errors, which have exerted a pernicious influence on the Christian church. By others it has been criminally overlooked; and the neglect with which it has been treated has occasioned vague and conflicting conceptions regarding the great work of man's deliverance from sin and wrath by the mediation of the Son of God.
If, as we presume will be readily admitted, the whole of Christ's offices are necessary to the salvation of fallen man, it follows that they are all essential to the character of the Saviour, and that, of course, we can not suppose him to have existed for a moment without any one of them, as this would suppose him to have been, for the time at least, no Saviour. -- William Symington

Briefly stated, where Christ is demoted or limited, His Kingdom and crown rights are limited and demoted. There is then a shift of sovereignty from God to man, which means the triumph of the state. The state as the new sovereign becomes god walking on earth, and the result is the rapid death of all freedom. -- R.J. Rushdoony

In the final analysis, all modern ills, spiritual and temporal, are traceable to our continuing departure from the principles of the Second Reformation. . . . In particular, I am convinced that the Lord will not bless a church at peace with his enemies. Our departure from truth has led to our undernourished condition as a church; truth, as Thornwell argued, is the only food that the soul can digest.
It does no good to blame society or the church for our deficiencies before the Lord because Christ holds men, not churches and states, accountable. In the words of Hugh Miller, "Churches, however false and detestable, are never to be summoned to the bar of judgment. . . . To Christ, as his head and king, must every man render an account."
The great heresy of our times is that all men are children of God. Those within the church have lost their identity as a people of God, united in spirit and purpose. We have adopted the half-truths of our fathers for which Judah faced punishment: "Because they have despised the law of the Lord, and have not kept his commandments, and their lies caused them to err, after which their fathers have walked" (Amos 2:4b). Nevertheless, Christ loves his church, and he will see to it that his bride is prepared (Ephesians 5:27) for the great banquet. Based on the history of God's people, the needed corrections will result from either prayer or persecution, leading the people to renew their covenant promises. Let us pray that God's kingdom come, and let us covenant to fulfill our obligations to be his people. When persecution comes, let us pray that we would stand as firm as did the Scottish Covenanters. When covenanting comes, let us praise the Lord, for only in him will we stand firm. Let us ever strive to make it possible for our children to utter one of James Nisbet's praises, "O my soul! Bless and praise the Lord that I was born in a land where the glad tidings of the everlasting gospel are published and pressed with so much purity and plainness." This should be our prayer, "Turn us again, O God, and cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved" (Psalm 80:3). -- Edwin Nesbit Moore, from the conclusion to Our Covenant Heritage

Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself. Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. (Exodus 19:4-6a)
What a loving preface to the law! If anything could have engaged rebellious man to obedience, this would have done it, but, alas, the Lord has nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against him. -- C.H. Spurgeon commenting on Exodus 19:4-6a in Spurgeon's Devotional Bible, p. 92.


How does a nation protect itself against terrorists who commit suicide to murder innocent citizens?
It is the presence of The Holy Spirit in society, The Third Person of the Holy Trinity -- it is His presence alone, that restrains evil in society. It is His presence alone that stops men from murdering their neighbors and from completely destroying society. See John Owen, "God's Presence With a People the Spring of Their Prosperity; With Their Special Interest in Abiding in Him"
In the absence of The Holy Spirit there is no restraint of evil.
Therefore, a nation that struggles to remove The Holy Trinity, The Father, The Son, and The Holy Spirit, from all public life, that nation will lose all restrain of evil, and will succumb to self-destruction from within. It will also succumb to destruction from ememies without. It is the presence in a nation of The Holy One of Israel, The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the presence of The Triune God, that restrains evil, and that gives society order and life.
Honored citizens of The United States of America, your willful rebellion against Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ has brought the judgment of God upon this nation. God punishes a people by putting godless leaders in command. All restraint of evil has disappeared from our nation, and our leaders are helpless to stop the spread of terrorism. Repent honored citizens of this beloved nation, partake of Christ, for you are the terrorists.
And now may the Grace, the Mercy, and the Peace, of God The Father, The Son, and The Holy Spirit, rest and abide with you now and forevermore. Amen.

Therefore was the wrath of the LORD kindled against his people, in so much that he abhorred his own inheritance.
And he gave them into the hands of the heathen; and they that hated them ruled over them.
Their enemies also oppressed them, and they were brought into subjection under their hand.
(Psalm 106:40-42)

The Treasury of David, Psalm 106
http://www.spurgeon.org/treasury/ps106.htm

Q. What kind of submission may be rendered to immoral and tyrannical governments, the ordinance of Satan, such as now exist?

A. Christians, in the exercise of their Christian liberty, and in the performance of the duty of "proving all things, and holding fast what is good," can submit to such governments "for wrath's sake," ONLY, which kind of submission has no respect to the power as legitimate authority, but simply, from dread of the cruelty of the tyrant, who pours forth his fury upon all who oppose his misrule. To God's moral ordinance as described, is allegiance due for conscience sake. Submission to this, is submission to God.

Q. When Christians reside under an immoral government, is not conformity to the general order of society a duty, provided this can be done without violating the divine law ?

A. If the constituted authorities of a nation are not in voluntary subserviency to the Mediator, but opposed to his authority, law, and religion, for the sake of peace and order, and for the sake of contributing as much as possible to the ease and happiness of society, and from a spirit of resignation to the Divine providence, and in order to make legitimate provision for themselves and relatives, so much conformity to the prevailing system as is consistent with their oath of allegiance to Messiah, is a duty conscientiously to be practiced, although very distinct from that obedience for conscience sake which they would render to the government of their choice, to the authority which has the sanction of the Divine approbation. Jer. xxix. 4-7, "Seek the peace of the city whither I have caused you to be carried away captives, and pray unto the Lord for it: for in the peace thereof shall ye have peace.:

Q. Whilst it is the duty of Christians thus to live a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty, in conformity to the laws of Christ, which are everywhere, and at all times, obligatory upon them -- is it not their duty publicly to declare their dissent from an immoral constitution of civil government, within the reach of whose power they may reside ?

A. This is, indeed, their duty. Because, 1. They are bound to defend God's moral ordinance of civil government, in the purity of which, God's own honor as "the Governor of the nations," is deeply involved. Rev. ii. 25, 26, "That which you have already hold fast till I come; and he that overcometh -- and keepeth my works unto the end -- to him will I give power in the nations," &c. Isa. viii. 16, "Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples." 2. The purity of this holy ordinance cannot be preserved, if it is confounded with the existing immoral systems, and by an indiscriminate exercise of allegiance. 3. Christians are witnesses for God among men; and having in their possession "the testimony of God," in the Holy Scriptures, respecting the true character of civil government, and the duty of national subjection to Christ and his law, and respect for his holy religion, it is their duty to apply the doctrines of inspiration upon this subject, in stating and defending the truth, and condemning the existing immoral systems, and in bearing public testimony against all who uphold them. Isa. xliii. 10, "Ye are my witnesses, saith the Lord." Rev. xi. 3, "I will give power to my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and three score days, clothed in sackcloth;" xii. 17, "And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ." See also Rev. xvii. 14, Acts v. 32, xxvi. 16, Micah iv. 8-18, Mark vi. 11. 4. The witnesses in Revelation are raised up not only to testify against the ecclesiastical apostasy, "The scarlet woman," or Roman church -- and "the image of the beast," -- the Papacy -- but also against "the seven-headed and ten-horned" beast -- or the civil powers -- upon which the woman rides. The nations which sustain Antichrist, and are equally, with "the man of sin," Antichristian, and are at war with the Lamb. See passages last quoted, together with Rev. xiii. 1, 2, xvii. 3-14, and xii. 11, "And they overcame him, (the devil embodied in the Roman church papacy, and civil powers,) by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony;" xvii. 14, "These, (the civil powers,) shall make war with the Lamb-and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful."

Q. Are not virtuous persons, who, in their private capacity, are endeavoring to further the true end of civil government -- the maintenance of peace and quietness in all godliness and honesty, although they dissent from the constitution of civil government of the nation in which they reside, entitled to protection ?

A. They certainly are entitled to protection in their lives, liberties, and property; "but they are not to act inconsistently with their declared dissent, and it would be tyranny to constrain them to such measures." Exod. xxii. 21, "Thou shalt neither vex a stranger nor oppress him." See also Rom. xiii. 3, 1 Tim. ii. 2, Jer. xxi. 12, Esther iii. 8, 9.

Q. Should not "Christians, testifying against national evils, and striving, in the use of moral means, to effect a reformation, relinquish temporal privileges, rather than do any thing which may appear to contradict their testimony, or lay a stumbling-block before their weaker brethren?"

A. This is unquestionably their duty. Because they cannot convince men of their own sincerity, and of the immorality of a principle or practice, whilst they themselves are found actually maintaining the immoral principle or practice, (by oath of allegiance, voting, and holding offices, &c.) and enjoying the emoluments of iniquity decreed by law. Heb. xi. 24, 26, 36, "By faith, Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter. Esteeming the reproach of Christ to be greater riches than the treasures in Egypt. And others had trials of cruel mockings and scourgings, yea, moreover, of bonds and imprisonments." Numb. xxiii. 9, "Lo, the people shall dwell alone, and shall not be reckoned among the nations." Rom. xiv. 21, "It is good neither to eat flesh, nor drink wine, nor anything whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended."

Q. Will not such a public dissent from immoral governments, and faithful testimony against them, ultimately prevail to their overthrow?

A. Yes. By these means the witnesses will prevail, however much they may suffer in the meantime, and will be the honored instruments of establishing the millennial kingdom of the Lamb. Rev. xii. 11 , "And they overcame him, by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death." Dan. vii. 22, "The Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the Most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom." Rev. xx. 4, "And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them; and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, (the civil powers,) neither his image, (the Papacy,) neither had received his mark, (yielded allegiance,) upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years." -- William L. Roberts, The Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, p. 130-133

Traditionally, law was never construed as legalist. It was always construed as a result of covenant. If we can define the word covenant as bond, that lovely four letter word, b-o-n-d, then it's a relationship, it's a solidarity with God or with another person. And from that relationship flows duty. So we can think of convent as that marvelous combination of promise and duty. And so I really see law as a response to a relationship. -- Joseph Kickasola

True, the state as the policeman can be corrupt; in fact, if the society as a whole is corrupt, the state will also be corrupt. In a healthy and godly society, the state will function successfully to restrain the minority of evil-doers. The key to the situation is not the state but the religious health of the society. -- Rousas John Rushdoony, in Institutes of Biblical Law, p. 470

If I profess with the loudest voice and clearest exposition every portion of the Word of God except precisely that little point which the world and the devil are at that moment attacking, I am not confessing Christ, however boldly I may be professing Him. Where the battle rages, there the loyalty of the soldier is proven; and to be steady on all the battlefront besides is mere flight and disgrace if he flinches at that point. -- Martin Luther

It is a poor and pitiful kind of knowledge, to know many loose parcels, and broken members of truth, without knowing the whole, or the place and the relations which they have to the rest. To know letters and not syllables, or syllables and not words, or words and not sentences, or sentences and not the scope of the discourse, are all but an unprofitable knowledge. -- Richard Baxter (I:269)



Contents

Note: Author's names appearing in all caps indicates the title is available from Still Waters Revival Books.

Church and State
A Theological Interpretation of American History
Background and History of the Covenanted Reformation of Scotland
An Introduction to the Covenanted Reformation
The Puritan Revolution
Sermons Preached Before Governing Bodies
The Reformed Presbytery of Scotland and The Reformed Presbytery of America
Covenant Theology and the Ordinance of Covenanting

Contents: Chapter 9, "Corporate Faithfulness and Sanctification" (parts 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5), interactive
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9cha.html#index9

Combined Interactive Contents for The Web Edition of Biblical Counsel: Resources for Renewal
http://www.lettermen2.com/combtoc.html




Chapter 9 (part 2)

Corporate Faithfulness and
Sanctification


Church and State

See Isaiah 40:1--55:13 and annotations in The Reformation Study Bible

The priests said not, Where is the LORD? and they that handle the law knew me not: the pastors also transgressed against me, and the prophets prophesied by Baal, and walked after things that do not profit. (Jeremiah 2:8)

See the Theological Notes, "God Reigns: Divine Sovereignty," at Daniel 4:34, page 1339, in The Reformation Study Bible

But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first. -- Jesus Christ (Matthew 19:30)

Our Triune God has ordained that authority, power, and leadership devolves to those who know the most Truth (the Apostle Paul, Saint Augustine, Martin Luther, John Calvin, The Scots Worthies . . . ). Preeminent among those is the Lord Christ, the God Man, Our Righteousness. (John 1:1-18; Matthew 19:30; Matthew 28:18-20; Isaiah 49:7; Colossians 1:16-19; Colossians 2:9,10; Hebrews 12:1,2; Revelations 5:1-14; Revelation 19:11-15; Revelation 20:11-15; Revelation 22:12, and so forth, and so on.)

The question of Paul, Is Christ divided? is one to which professing Christians have not given sufficient heed, and the evil consequences are abundantly apparent.
It was deemed essential to the salvation of men that their Redeemer should possess the powers at once of a prophet, a priest, and a king. These offices, while essentially distinct, are necessarily and inseparably connected with one another. Such a union has been by some utterly denied; and its denial has laid foundation for some capital errors, which have exerted a pernicious influence on the Christian church. By others it has been criminally overlooked; and the neglect with which it has been treated has occasioned vague and conflicting conceptions regarding the great work of man's deliverance from sin and wrath by the mediation of the Son of God.
If, as we presume will be readily admitted, the whole of Christ's offices are necessary to the salvation of fallen man, it follows that they are all essential to the character of the Saviour, and that, of course, we can not suppose him to have existed for a moment without any one of them, as this would suppose him to have been, for the time at least, no Saviour. -- William Symington

Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Ramah, And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations. But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD. And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them. According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee. Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and shew them the manner of the king that shall reign over them. And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that asked of him a king. And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots. And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots. And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers. And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants. And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants. And he will take your menservants, and your maidservants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them to his work. He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be his servants. And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king which ye shall have chosen you; and the LORD will not hear you in that day. Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us; That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles. And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed them in the ears of the LORD. And the LORD said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and make them a king. And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every man unto his city. (1 Samuel 8:4-22)

The Supremacy Act was 1534 under Henry VIII. Act of Supremacy? ""The first Act of Supremacy granted King Henry VIII of England Royal Supremacy which is still the legal authority of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Royal Supremacy is specifically used to describe the legal sovereignty of the civil laws over the laws of the Church in England." -- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Act_of_Supremacy

They [the Scottish Parlament] passed an act recissory [The Act Rescissory of 1661], declaring all the parliaments, and acts of parliament made in favor of reformation, from the year 1640 to 1651, null and void. The king's supremacy over all persons, and in all causes, is asserted. All meeting's, assemblies, leagues and covenants, without the king's authority, are declared unlawful and unwarrantable. The renewing of the solemn league and covenant, or any other covenants or public oaths, without the king's special warrant and approbation, is discharged. -- ACT, DECLARATION AND TESTIMONY. PART I. PLOUGHLANDHEAD, June 6, 1761

"The Erastian Revolution, anno 1689, was "utterly inconsistent with the covenanted constitution of the Reformed Church of Scotland, anno 1648."
In fact, the relationship between Church and State has been in decline since 1661. "In early 1661 . . . the Scottish Parliament passed the Act Rescissory, which established the king as supreme judge in all matters civil and ecclesiastical, and which made owning the covenants [National and Solemn League] unlawful. These acts undid all the works of Reformation from 1638 to 1650 and made it high treason to acknowledge Jesus Christ as head of the church. . . ." See Act, Declaration, And Testimony, 1876, Part II.
The roots of liberty and limited government are in the Protestant Reformation. We believe the key to the maintenance of liberty and limited government are to be found in the Scottish covenanting struggle.
Act, Declaration, And Testimony, 1876
http://www.covenanter.org/RefPres/actdeclarationandtestimony/acttitle.htm
The Covenanted Reformation of Scotland Short Title Listing
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9chb.html#crsstl

Another turning point occurred in 1758 with the reunion of the Old Side and the New Side of American Presbyterian Church. "This signaled the end of the influence of Calvinism in American Politics." For a detailed discussion see:
"From Old School to New School" in Crossed Fingers: How the Liberals Captured the Presbyterian Church, by Gary North
http://entrewave.com/freebooks/docs/html/gncf/Chapter02.htm
Another turning point occurred in 1789 with the adoption of the American Version of the Westminster Confession of Faith.

In the same establishment may be found believers in nearly every dogma of the Popish creed, who nevertheless have declared their faith in articles which are distinctly Calvinistic; and now last, and, to our minds, most sorrowful of all, it comes out that there are men to be found among Caledonia's once sternly truthful sons who can occupy the pulpits and the manses of an orthodox Presbyterian church, and yet oppose her ancient confession of faith. Our complaint is in each case, not that the men changed their views, and threw up their former creeds, but that having done so they did not at once quit the office of minister to the community whose faith they could no longer uphold; their fault is not that they differed, but that, differing, they sought an office of which the prime necessity is agreement. All the elements of the lowest kind of knavery meet in the evil which we now denounce. Treachery is never more treacherous than when it leads a man to stab at a doctrine which he has solemnly engaged to uphold, and for the maintenance of which he receives a livelihood. The office of minister would never wittingly be entrusted by any community to a person who would use it for the overthrow of the principles upon which the community was founded. Such conduct would be suicidal. A sincere belief of the church's creed was avowedly or by implication a part of the qualification which helped the preacher to his stipend, and when that qualification ceases the most vital point of the compact between him and his church is infringed, and he is bound in honor to relinquish an office which he can no longer honestly fulfill." -- Charles Spurgeon in "Ministers Sailing Under False Colours," Sword and Trowel, February, 1870, quoted by John W. Robbins, February 10, 2006

Read what Charles Hodge says in support of the "newly discovered" relationship between Church and State in America. Then decide for yourself if he unscripturally conceded to delivering the Church into the hands of the State in the "American Version, 1789" of the Westminster Confession of Faith.
The Biblical doctrine of Christian Magistracy functions correctly only when State leadership is Christian, and when the State can be depended upon to wield their sword to protect true religion. The history of the human depravity in State leadership, secular leaders who destroy true religion instead of protecting it, should not cause theologians to abandon sound doctrine as stated in the original Westminster Confession of Faith (1646). Treachery in State leadership would be far less of a problem if the writers of the US Constitution had not removed the religious test clause of Colonial constitutions. This was done in America with the adoption of the "American Version" of the Westminster Confession of Faith and the U.S. Constitution in 1789.
Besides arguing in support of the "American Version" of the Westminster Confession "he [Charles Hodge] repudiated the unhistorical position of those who denied the validity of Roman Catholic baptism. . . Hodge supported slavery in the 1830s, and while he condemned the mistreatment of slaves he did not condemn the institution of slavery itself. The background to this attitude, however, was not primarily his understanding of the Bible's teaching on the matter, but rather his churchmanship. . . .
"In 1846, however, he became convinced that slavery was wrong, reversing his earlier anti-abolitionist stance, and he then publically denounced slavery and supported both the Abolitionist movement and President Lincoln (Adams, 2003)."
American Covenanters decried the "American Version." See the Covenanter document:
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html
We love Gordon Clark, and we hold him in highest esteem, one of the great minds of the 20th Century. However, astonishingly, he seems to have adopted Hodge's position on the "American Version." This relieves the State of judicial responsibilities to preserve true religion, and delivers the Church into the hands of the State. Hence, today we have the "church effeminate" and, consequently, a destabilization of every sphere of society, including that of the Reformed Church. Could this be one reason for the failure of Church courts today?
Church and State, Charles Hodge
http://www.trinityfoundation.org/journal.php?id=92
In "The Reformed Faith and the Westminster Confession," an address given at Weaverville, NC, August 17, 1955, found in the Appendix to this work [WHAT DO PRESBYTERIANS BELIEVE?], Clark eloquently extols the virtues of the Westminster Confession of Faith and condemns neo-orthodoxy for departing from the Word of God found in the Bible.
Yet, incredibly, one year later, in 1956, he published this work, [WHAT DO PRESBYTERIANS BELIEVE?] which is a commentary on the "American Version (1789)." To more fully understand Clark's error here and the consequences of such an error see:
"A Theological Interpretation of American History" http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9chc.html#stiahis

Many scholars consider alterations to the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646), originally compiled by the Westminster Assembly of Divines, to be a "reverse plagiarism," an alteration of the original document by someone beside the author, and then passed off to the public, under the orginal title, as the work of the original authors. "Plagiarize: to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own use (a created production) without crediting the source; to commit literary theft: present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source." (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary)
Revisers have altered the content of the original WCF (1647), have removed key doctrine related to Christ's Crown and Covenant, and yet have retained the name given by the Westminster Assembly. Consequently, revisers have deceived many in the Church into believing that their alterations are the work of the Westminster Assembly of Divines in 1647.
Most Presbyterian and Reformed denominations and seminaries today prescribe to the Westminster Confession of Faith (1789), the "American Version." Included are The Presbyterian Church in America and the newly constituted Evangelical Reformed Presbyterian Church.
Ideas have consequences. Because theology is truth, when men delete or alter key doctrines, or replace sound doctrine deducted from God's infallible Word by logic, with human imaginations, then the course of history is changed.
For a detailed analysis of the devastating consequences to American history caused by non-Biblical alterations in the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) and non-Biblical alterations to constitutional government in the United States see the following:
"A Theological Interpretation of American History"
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9chc.html#stiahis
In Great Britain the Independents and Calvinistic Baptists edited the Westminster Confession (1647) for their own use, but they gave the new confessions a different name, the Savoy Declaration and the Baptist Confession. Certainly this was the honest procedure.
American Revisions to the Westminster Confession of Faith (1789)
http://www.opc.org/documents/WCF_orig.html
Appendix A: Major Changes of the Savoy Declaration
http://www.bible-researcher.com/wescoappa.html
Appendix B: Major Changes of the PCUSA (1788-1958)
http://www.bible-researcher.com/wescoappb.html
Appendix C: Major Changes of the UPCUSA and PCUS (1958-1983)
http://www.bible-researcher.com/wescoappc.html

"In 1788 the U.S. Constitution and the revised Westminster Confession were ratified. For a detailed discussion see:
"Authority: Biblical, Confessional, Ecclesiastical" in Crossed Fingers: How the Liberals Captured the Presbyterian Church, by Gary North
http://entrewave.com/freebooks/docs/html/gncf/Chapter03.htm
Unfortunately these revisions (see listing of revisions to the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) above and under "The Westminster Confession (1646, The Westminster Standards) and Related Works)" removed Christian Magistracy from the Confession (WCF 1646), essentially emasculated Christianity, and set aside Christ's Crown and Covenant. Conveniently this removed churchmen and laymen from the battlefront of standing for Christ's Crown and Covenant and turned them into effeminate figureheads.

They have set up kings, but not by me: they have made princes, and I knew it not: of their silver and their gold have they made them idols, that they may be cut off. (Hosea 8:4)

We ought to obey God rather than men. (Acts 5:29b)

"In the history of the church-state relationship, two major errors have developed: Papalism and Erastianism. The former teaches that the church (i.e., the Pope) is to rule both church and state. The latter maintains that both institutions are under the headship of the civil magistrate. Calvin disavows both. "Biblical Christianity, says the Reformer, teaches that these two are separate God-ordained institutions, while at the same time they are both under his law (i.e., there is a separation in function, but not in authority [emphasis added]). In Romans 13:1-7, we read that civil rulers are God's ministers. Thus, it is incumbent upon civil magistrates to adopt the principles of civil law, i.e., The Ten Commandments and the general equity of the Mosaic judicials, as found in Scripture. Likewise, the church is to be governed by Scriptural ecclesiastical law. The church wields only the sword of the Spirit in dealing with sin, whereas the state wields the sword of iron in accordance with Scripture, in dealing with crime. The state is not to administer the Word of God or the sacraments. It has no authority over the keys of the Kingdom. And the church is not to enter into the affairs of the civil government, other than for advice and counsel (Institutes IV:11:3; 20:1-13; Commentary on Romans 13:1-7)." -- W. Gary Crampton in WHAT CALVIN SAYS

"A truth not generally known is that the ancient Biblical covenant was the taproot from which America, its constitution, its law, and its liberty grew. That ancient Biblical covenant was the solemn agreement, an everlasting mutual agreement between God and man and between man and God. God promised man great blessings, freedom and prosperity, providing man kept the conditions of the covenant -- conditions defined by God's law." -- Charles Hull Wolfe

To [James] Thornwell, the real issue is not the relation between states and the church, but the relation between states and Christ. Although Thornwell opposed the establishment of a single denomination over another, he clearly supported a Christian government: "The state realizes its religious character through the religious character of its subjects; and a state is and ought to be Christian, because all its subjects are and ought to be determined by the principles of the gospel." [Thornwell, "National Sins," p. 517] To this point, states must acknowledge Jesus Christ. Thornwell insisted that it is not enough for a state "to acknowledge in general terms the supremacy of God; it must also acknowledge in general terms the supremacy of His Son." Jesus "is the ruler of the nations, the King of kings, and the Lord of lords." [Thornwell, "Relation of the State to Christ," p. 554] Thornwell argued that "religion of the state is embodied in its constitution," and that it is legitimate for the state to have a religion (i.e., Christianity). Neutrality is impossible. . . . Further, the state must mold its institutions in conformance with Christian principles.
Although Thornwell sought less protection of the church than did the Covenanters, their beliefs regarding this topic are not inconsistent. They both held the state accountable as a moral agent to recognize Christ as king and to protect Christianity. Thornwell, like Christ, focused his attack on the false church, not the errant state, for Christ's zeal is for the house of the Lord. Exclusively attacking the externals of civil society was not the way of our Lord when on this earth; however, his silence is not an endorsement.
Thornwell contended that the gospel is the only solution for the state. Therefore, Christians should avoid conflicts that distract from the primary object of Christianity. The power of the gospel is the only force that can change the inner man and eventually transform the outer world. These changes can only take place in the context of the church, and reformation must begin with God's people. -- Edwin Nesbit Moore, Our Covenant Heritage, p. 351.

The Relation of the State to Christ, James Henley Thornwell
"The Constitution of the United States was an attempt to realize the notion of popular freedom, without the checks of aristocracy and a throne, and without the alliance of a national church. The conception was a noble one, but the execution was not commensurate with the design. The fundamental error of our fathers was, that they accepted a partial for a complete statement of the truth. They saw clearly the human side -- that popular governments are the offspring of popular will; and that rulers, as the servants and not the masters of their subjects, are properly responsible to them. They failed to apprehend the Divine side -- that all just government is the ordinance of God, and that magistrates are His ministers who must answer to Him for the execution of their trust. The consequence of this failure, and of exclusive attention to a single aspect of the case, was to invest the people with a species of supremacy as insulting to God as it was injurious to them. They became a law unto themselves; there was nothing beyond them to check or control their caprices or their pleasure. All were accountable to them; they were accountable to none. This was certainly to make the people a God; and if it was not explicitly expressed that they could do no wrong, it was certainly implied that there was no tribunal to take cognizance of their acts. A foundation was thus laid for the worst of all possible forms of government -- a democratic absolutism, which, in the execution of its purposes, does not scruple to annul the most solemn compacts and to cancel the most sacred obligations. The will of majorities must become the supreme law, if the voice of the people is to be regarded as the voice of God; if they are, in fact, the only God whom rulers are bound to obey. It is enough, therefore, to look upon government as simply the institute of man. Important as this aspect of the subject unquestionably is, yet if we stop there, we shall sow the seeds of disaster and failure. We must contemplate people and rulers as alike subject to the authority of God. His will is the true supreme; and it is under Him, and as the means of expressing His sovereign pleasure, that conventions are called, constitutions are framed and governments erected. To the extent that the State is a moral person, it must needs be under moral obligation, and moral obligation without reference to a superior will is a flat contradiction in terms. If, then, the State is an ordinance of God, it should acknowledge the fact. If it exists under the conditions of a law superior to all human decrees, and to which all human decrees behoove to be conformed, that law should be distinctly recognized. Let us guard, in this new Confederacy, against the fatal delusion that our government is a mere expression of human will. It is, indeed, an expression of will, but of will regulated and measured by those eternal principles of right which stamp it at the same time as the creature and institute of God. And of all governments in the world, a confederate government, resting as it does upon plighted faith, can least afford to dispense with the Supreme Guardian of treaties.
"Your honourable body has already, to some extent, rectified the error of the old Constitution, but not so distinctly and clearly as the Christian people of these States desire to see done. We venture respectfully to suggest, that it is not enough for a State which enjoys the light of Divine revelation to acknowledge in general terms the supremacy of God; it must also acknowledge the supremacy of His Son, whom He hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also He made the worlds. To Jesus Christ all power in heaven and earth is committed. To Him every knee shall bow, and every tongue confess. He is the Ruler of the nations, the King of kings, and Lord of lords.
"Should it be said that the subjection of governments to Jesus Christ is not a relation manifested by reason, and therefore not obligatory on the State, the answer is obvious -- that duties spring not from the manner in which the relation is made known, but from the truth of the relation itself. If the fact is so, that Jesus Christ is our Lord, and we know the fact, no matter how we come to know it, we are bound to acknowledge it, and act upon it. A father is entitled to the reverence of his son, a master to the obedience of his servant, and a king to the allegiance of his subjects, no matter how the relation between them is ascertained. Now, that Jesus Christ is the supreme Ruler of the nations, we know with infallible certainty, if we accept the Scriptures as the Word of God.
"But it may be asked -- and this is the core of all the perplexity which attends the subject -- Has the State any right to accept the Scriptures as the Word of God? The answer requires a distinction, and that distinction seems to us to obviate all difficulty. If by 'accepting the Scriptures' it is meant that the State has a right to prescribe them as a rule of faith and practice to its subjects, the answer must be in the negative. The State is lord of no man's conscience. As long as he preserves the peace, and is not injurious to the public welfare, no human power has a right to control his opinion or to restrain his acts. In these matters he is responsible to none but God. He may be Atheist, Deist, infidel, Turk or Pagan: it is no concern of the State, so long as he walks orderly. Its protecting shield must be over him, as over every other citizen. We utterly abhor the doctrine that the civil magistrate has any jurisdiction in the domain of religion, in its relations to the conscience or conduct of others, and we cordially approve the clause in our Confederate Constitution which guarantees the amplest liberty on this subject.
"But if by 'accepting the Scriptures' it is meant that the State may itself believe them to be true, and regulate its own conduct and legislation in conformity with their teachings, the answer must be in the affirmative. As a moral person, it has a conscience as really and truly as every individual citizen. To say that its conscience is only the aggregate of individual consciences, is to say that it is made up of conflicting and even contradictory elements. The State condemns many things which many of its subjects approve, and enjoins many things which many of its subjects condemn. There are those who are opposed to the rights of property and the institution of marriage, yet the public conscience sanctions and protects them both. What, then, is this public conscience? It is clearly the sum of those convictions of right, that sense of the honourable, just and true, which legislators feel themselves bound to obey in the structure of governments and the enactment of laws. It is a reflection of the law of God; and when that law is enunciated with authoritative clearness, as it is in the Scriptures, it becomes only the more solemnly imperative. And as the eternal rule of justice, the State should acknowledge it. Considered in its organic capacity as a person, it no more violates the rights of others in submitting itself to the revealed will of God, than a Christian, when he worships the supreme Jehovah, violates the rights of an Atheist or idolater. What the State does itself, and what it enjoins upon others to do, are very different things. It has an organic life apart from the aggregate life of the individuals who compose it; and in that organic life, it is under the authority of Jesus Christ and the restraints of His holy Word.
"That, in recognizing this doctrine, the State runs no risk of trespassing upon the rights of conscience is obvious from another point of view. The will of God, as revealed in the Scriptures, is not a positive constitution for the State; in that relation it stands only to the Church. It is rather a negative check upon its power. It does not prescribe the things to be done, but only forbids the things to be avoided. It only conditions and restrains the discretion of rulers within the bounds of the Divine law. It is, in other words, a limitation, and not a definition, of power. The formula according to which the Scriptures are accepted by the State is: Nothing shall be done which they forbid. The formula according to which they are accepted by the Church is: Nothing shall be done but what they enjoin. They are here the positive measure of power. Surely the government of no Christian people can scruple to accept the negative limitations of the Divine Word. Surely, our rulers do not desire that they shall have the liberty of being wiser than God.
"The amendment which we desire, we crave your honourable body to take note, does not confine the administration of the State exclusively to the hands of Christian men. A Jew might be our Chief Magistrate, provided he would come under the obligation to do nothing in the office inconsistent with the Christian religion. He would not be required to say that he himself believes it, nor would he assume the slightest obligation to propagate or enforce it. All that he would do would be to acknowledge it as the religion of the State, and to bind himself that he will sanction no legislation that sets aside its authority. The religion of the State is one thing; the religion of the individuals who may happen to be at the head of affairs is quite another. The religion of the State is embodied in its constitution, as the concrete form of its organic life.
"Your honourable body will perceive that the contemplated measure has no reference to a union or alliance betwixt the Church and State. To any such scheme the Presbyterians, and, we think we can safely venture to say, the entire Christian people of these States, are utterly opposed. The State, as such cannot be a member, much less, therefore, can it exercise the function of settling the creed and the government, of a Church. The provinces of the two are entirely distinct: they differ in their origin, their nature, their ends, their prerogatives, their powers and their sanctions. They cannot be mixed or confounded without injury to both. But the separation of Church and State is a very different thing from the separation of religion and the State. Here is where our fathers erred. In their anxiety to guard against the evils of a religious establishment, and to preserve the provinces of Church and State separate and distinct, they virtually expelled Jehovah from the government of the country, and left the State an irresponsible corporation, or responsible only to the immediate corporators. They made it a moral person, and yet not accountable to the Source of all law. It is this anomaly which we desire to see removed; and the removal of it by no means implies a single element of what is involved in a national Church.
"The amendment which this General Assembly ventures respectfully to crave we have reason to believe is earnestly desired, and would be hailed as an auspicious omen by the overwhelming majority of the Christian people of these Confederate States. Is it not due to them that their consciences, in the future legislation of the country, should be protected from all that has a tendency to wound or grieve them? They ask no encroachments upon the rights of others. They simply crave that a country which they love should be made much dearer to them, and that the Government which they have helped to frame they may confidently commend to their Saviour and their God, under the cheering promise that those who honour Him He will honour. Promotion cometh not from the East, nor from the West, nor from the South. God is the ruler among the nations; and the people who refuse Him their allegiance shall be broken with a rod of iron, or dashed in pieces like a potter's vessel. Our Republic will perish like the Pagan republics of Greece and Rome, unless we baptize it into the name of Christ. "Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth . . . Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little." We long to see, what the world has never yet beheld, a truly Christian Republic, and we humbly hope that God has reserved it for the people of these Confederate States to realize the grand and glorious idea. God has wooed us by extraordinary goodness; He is now tempering us by gentle chastisements. Let the issue be the penitent submission of this great people at the footstool of His Son.
"The whole substance of what we desire may be expressed in the following or equivalent terms, to be added to the section providing for liberty of conscience:
"Nevertheless we, the people of these Confederate States, distinctly acknowledge our responsibility to God, and the supremacy of His Son, Jesus Christ, as King of kings and Lord of lords; and hereby ordain that no law shall be passed by the Congress of these Confederate States inconsistent with the will of God, as revealed in the Holy Scriptures." -- James Henley Thornwell, "Relation of the State to Christ (A Memorial)," The Collected Works of James Henley Thornwell. Vol IV: Ecclesiastical, pp. 549-56. Edited by B.M. Palmer, 1875; reprint edition, Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1986.

Examples of notable theologians who were, or are, unable to attain to covenanted reformation (It is not to be inferred that their work is not of value to Covenanted Reformation. To the contrary, some of their work is of exceptional value to those working toward a Third Reformation.-- sk):
Richard Baxter
Charles Hodge
Gordon Haddon Clark (subscribed to the "American Version (1789)" of the Westminster Confession of Faith.)
John W. Robbins
John Owen
Jonathan Edwards
James Thornwell
C.H. Spurgeon

"Moral habits . . . cannot safely be trusted on any other foundation than religious principle, nor any government be secure which is not supported by moral habits . . . Whatever makes men good Christians, makes them good citizens." -- Daniel Webster

Adler, Mortimer, in GREAT BOOKS OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION, concluded that more problems are caused by the denial of God than by anything else -- it changes the whole tenure of life.

Without church discipline there is no church government.
Without magistracy (judgment, justice, law enforcement, punishment of wrongdoers, criminal prosecution, civil prosecution, equal justice for the "insane" and "mentally ill" (who in most cases are demoniacs), regulation of finance, business, all spheres of human activity -- in the absence of law enforcement, and regulation there is no government. Punishment of wrong doers is the primary function of a nation's government.

*AUGUSTINE, SAINT (AURELIUS AUGUSTINE, BISHOP OF HIPPO), (354-430 AD), (author), Philip Schaff (editor), Marcus Dods (translator), St. Augustine's City of God and Christian Doctrine [A Select Library of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church - Volume 2], new edition (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, September 2002), 624 pages, English, ISBN: 0802880991. Available (2 volumes, 1872 edition) on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. A Christian classic.
Augustine is said to be the greatest Christian thinker next to the Apostle Paul. Luther set the BIBLE and the CONFESSIONS OF SAINT AUGUSTINE above all other books.
"One of the classic texts of Western civilization [originally 22 volumes it explains the fall of Roman in terms of Scripture-- sk]. . . . DE CIVITATE DEI is an important contribution of interest to students of theology, philosophy, ecclesiastical history, the history of political thought, and late antiquity." -- Publisher's Annotation (from the Cambridge University Press edition)
"Augustine began writing THE CITY OF GOD at age 59 [shortly after the city of Rome had been sacked by the Goths in 410 A.D., much to the surprise, it is said, of both the Romans and the Goths.-- sk] and worked on it, off and on, for much of the next 14 years. The impetus for the beginning of this vast work (and its recurring focus) was the charge of Pagans (polytheists) that Christianity was responsible for the decay and demise of the Roman Empire. The charge put forward the claim that the prosperity and social stability of the state was dependent upon polytheistic worship. In response, Augustine arrays several lines of argument, rebutting the assumed 'goodness' of the Pagan state, as such, and detailing the ethical/moral and logical failings of Paganism. Augustine displays tremendous scholarship, employing the writings of Paganism's greatest historians and philosophers in his case against their religious claims. The result is a giant literary, philosophical, historical, theological and exegetical work. . . .
"Against the 'city', i.e., society, of many gods, there is but one alternate society, this Augustine calls The City of God, adopting the expression found in several of King David's psalms. Not only is the society of many gods the society of polytheists, it is also the 'city' of pantheists, atheistic materialists and philosophical Cynics. In the case of the Cynics and atheists, these false gods are the myriad gods of self, indeed, at least as many gods (selves) as there are believers in them. Thus there are two 'cities,' two loves, two ways to understand the big questions of existence, two destinations. Says Augustine:

"The one City began with the love of God; the other had its beginnings in the love of self." XIV:13.
"The city of man seeks the praise of men, whereas the height of glory for the other is to hear God in the witness of conscience. The one lifts up its head in its own boasting; the other says to God: 'Thou art my glory, thou liftest up my head.' (Psalm 3.4) In the city of the world both the rulers themselves and the people they dominate are dominated by the lust for domination; whereas in the City of God all citizens serve one another in charity. . ." XIV:28-- Wesley L. Janssen, Reader's Comment
"Augustine reflects deeply here on human nature and the meaning of eternal life and eternal punishment, within an explication of the 'meaning' of history. He writes of all human history as a single narrative. This also a work of Biblical exegesis, as Augustine treats Scripture as a historical document. For Augustine, creation is good, creation exists in time and has a history. Indeed, since God enters into history to show man His love, history itself is sanctified, through the City of God.
"The book contains the parallel histories of what Augustine terms the City of God and the City of Man, both descended from Adam. The City of Man is founded on murder (specifically fratricide, the murder of a brother, viz. Cain and Abel, Romulus and Remus). The City of Man has been deceived and debased, fallen under the sway of pagan gods, which appear to be either demons or, at best indifferent or benign spirits that are mistakenly worshipped. The City of God, on the other hand, is a pilgrim on this earth, toiling here in the joyous expectation of final salvation in God's Kingdom." -- Penn Jacobs, Reader's Comment
"His 'grand unifying theory' of Western civilization, uniting the organization of Rome with the thought of Greece and the revelation of the Bible, has been accepted as the de facto definition of what it means to be Western until only the very last few decades of our time. . . .
"This seamless blend of literary prowess from Rome's greatest scholar and highest ranking professor generates for the reader a powerful education in philosophy, history and theology, tied together with awesome rhetoric, that is uniquely powerful, erudite, insightful and useful all at once.
"From a historical and literary perspective, this may have been the very most important book ever written by reputedly human hands. ["Calvin paraphrased Augustine about 400 times in THE INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION." -- C. Gregg Singer]
"As it is written for the leaders of society and not for the average citizen, be ready to be intrigued, challenged to thought, and impressed with every line.
"By no means must the reader have any kind of religious belief to benefit from this book, nor must the reader agree with all that Augustine postulates, nor can the reader, due to the great distance of time separating him from us and improvements in scientific knowledge since his time. The importance, greatness and power of the writing itself commend it to us." -- Chris Miller, Reader's Comment
"One who has been introduced to Augustine through his auto-biographical CONFESSIONS may find it easier to follow his logic as he discusses the numerous topics of THE CITY OF GOD." -- Reader's Comment
"It would do the modern Church well to read this book since Augustine places the City of God (i.e., Christ and His Church) within the context of the pagan world in which we live, and its message is as applicable today as it was 1,500 years ago when he first wrote it." -- Reader's Comment
"History and theology in one rich volume." -- Reader's Comment
St. Augustine's final sentence of THE CITY OF GOD is "All things must be referred to the Glory of God."
"When you see that, then you will see the key to the story, and you will see the key to history." -- C. Gregg Singer
"The classic exposition of history in terms of Scripture." -- C. Gregg Singer
City of God, Saint Augustine, Philip Schaff (editor), Rev. Marcus Dods, D.D. (translator)
http://www.ccel.org/fathers/NPNF1-02/
The Confessions of Saint Augustine
"The story of his sinful pursuits before conversion, and of his conversion, then of his confession to God, and his discoveries of the greatness of God after his conversion." -- Publisher's Annotation.
http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/confessions.html
The Works of Saint Augustine
http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/augustine.html
The Comprehensive John Calvin Collection (CD-ROM) (Contains some works of Augustine.)
http://www.ageslibrary.com
The Comprehensive John Calvin Collection CD-ROM in Logos Library System (LLS) format
http://www.logosbiblesoftware.com/logosbiblesoftware/calcom.html
The Classical View of History (Augustine)
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, "The Christian View of History," lecture series.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=7150273140
The Augustinian Approach to History
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, 47 min.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=9150393751
Church History #09: Augustine #1
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, "Church History" lecture series.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=41504163949
Church History #10: Augustine #2
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, "Church History" lecture series.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=41504164048
Church History #11: Augustine #3
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, "Church History" lecture series.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=41504164152

*Baxter, Richard, William Lamont (editor) A Holy Commonwealth (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1994). ISBN: 0521405807.
"Written in 1659 by the Puritan minister (1615-91) who publicly repudiated the work in 1670, this modern edition of a controversial text represents a candid confession as to why a conservative Puritan fought for Parliament in the Civil War and gave his support to the Cromwells." -- Publisher's Annotation

BEGG, JAMES, Anarchy in Worship or Recent Innovation Contrasted with the Constitution of the Presbyterian Church and the Vows of Her Office-Bearers (1875). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #3, ISBN: 0921148712 9780921148715.
"The principles upheld in this book are extremely important today, for as the title page notes 'When nations are to perish in their sins, 'Tis in the Church the leprosy begins.' Begg lays his foundations in the second commandment and deals with all man-made innovations in the worship of God. The four types of innovators exposed are especially interesting, being: 1.) the presumptuous and blasphemous innovator; 2.) the popularity-hunting innovator; 3.) the politic and scheming innovator; 4.) the asthetic innovator. Women preachers, drama, dance and numerous other modern inventions in public worship would all be rejected outright if these Biblical principles were faithfully followed. Herein we also see why those holding to the Scriptural law of worship and the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) must reject musical instruments in public worship as just another Popish and Judaizing innovation -- a resurrecting of the abrogated ceremonial law -- and thus a denial of the finished work of Christ. The discussion of vows taken by office holders to the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646), as they relate to worship, is also extremely important and should be read not only by all elders who have bound themselves to uphold the WCF [1646], but also by all Christians who love the truth and want to maintain the church in purity." -- SWRB

Brett, Thomas. The independency of the Church upon the state, as to its pure spiritual powers: proved from the Holy Scriptures, and the writings of the primitive Fathers. With answers to the most material objections. By Thomas Brett, LL.D. London, 1717. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3320236434

*BROWN, THOMAS, Church and State: A Narrative of the Struggle for Independence From 1560 to 1843 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books) and ATLA 1988-0160.
"Hits all the historical high points surrounding the great Scottish struggle for the spiritual independence of the church -- against unbiblical usurpation by statist forces. From Knox to the author's day, the cause of civil liberty and the interests of vital (Reformed) religion, in church and state, are both set forth." -- SWRB

*Calvin, John, The Institutes of the Christian Religion, 2 volumes (Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1960). A Christian classic.
"Edited by John McNeill and translated by Ford Lewis Battles, this is the definitive English language edition of one of the monumental works of the Christian church -- Calvin's INSTITUTES.
"Still considered by many to be the finest explanation and defense of the Protestant Reformation available.
"The work is divided into four books: I. The Knowledge of God the Creator, II. The Knowledge of God the Redeemer in Christ, III. The Mode of Obtaining the Grace of Christ, IV. The External Means or Helps by Which God Allures Us Into Fellowship With Christ and Keeps Us in It. . . . THE INSTITUTES is praised by the secular philosopher, Will Durant, as one of the ten books that shook the world." -- GCB
Calvin spent a lifetime writing and perfecting INSTITUTES OF CHRISTIAN RELIGION. His Prefatory Address makes it clear that he intended the work to be a defense of Christianity to the King of France.
Therefore, plainly stated, one of the most influential works ever published in the English language is a defense of Christianity to leaders of State.
Prefatory Address to His Most Christian Majesty, The Most Mighty and Illustrious Monarch, Francis, King of the French, His Sovereign, John Calvin
"Indeed, this consideration makes a true king: to recognize himself a minister of God in governing his kingdom. Now, that king, who in ruling over his realm does not serve God's glory, exercises not kingly rule but brigandage. [Footnote: 'Nec iam regnum ille sed latrocinium exercet.' An echo of Augustine's famous phrase: 'When justice is taken away, what are kingdoms [[regna]] but a vast banditry [[magna latocinia]]?' City of God IV. iv (MPL [[Migne, J.P., Patrologiae cursus completus, series Latina]] 41. 115; tr. NPNF [[A Select Library of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, second series]] II. 66).] Furthermore, he is deceived who looks for enduring prosperity in his kingdom when it is not ruled by God's scepter, that is, his Holy Word; for the heavenly oracle that proclaims that 'where prophecy fails the people are scattered' [Prov. 29:18] cannot lie." (Battles translation)
"The characteristic of a true sovereign is, to acknowledge that, in the administration of his kingdom, he is a minister of God. He who does not make his reign subservient to the divine glory, acts the part not of a king, but a robber. He, moreover, deceives himself who anticipates long prosperity to any kingdom which is not ruled by the sceptre of God, that is, by his divine word. For the heavenly oracle is infallible which has declared, that where there is no vision the people perish (Prov. 29:18). (Beveridge translation)"
See the entire Prefatory Address, Beveridge translation:
http://www.ccel.org/ccel/calvin/institutes.ii.viii.html
"The doctrines of covenant liberty were rediscovered in the Reformation. John Calvin went further than anyone else in defining liberty and what Christians need to do to maintain it. Includes bibliographies."
It is recommended that INSTITUTES OF CHRISTIAN RELIGION be used for daily devotions and may be used in combination with Ford Lewis Battles and John Walchenbach, AN ANALYSIS OF THE INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION OF JOHN CALVIN (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House) and with CALVIN'S COMMENTARIES.
Nelson's Ultimate Bible Reference Library, Logos Library System format (LLS) (CD-ROM)
This library systems includes CALVIN'S INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION, THE HOLY BIBLE KING JAMES VERSION, THE NEW TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE, AUGUSTINE'S CONFESSIONS, WESTMINSTER CONFESSION OF FAITH (1646), WESTMINSTER LARGER CATECHISM, WESTMINSTER SHORTER CATECHISM, MATTHEW HENRY'S COMMENTARY, NEW NAVE'S TOPICAL BIBLE, PILGRIM'S PROGRESS, and other classic Bible study aids. THE REFORMATION STUDY BIBLE (Other title: THE NEW GENEVA STUDY BIBLE,) in LLS format, may be added to this library. Therefore, all the above works may be used in combination with each other in Bible study.
http://www.logos.com/products/details/3247
Calvin, Spurgeon and International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE) (LLS)
Contains Calvin's Commentaries.
http://www.logos.com/products/details/889
Calvin's Commentaries (22 Volumes) (LLS)
http://www.logos.com/products/details/887
The Comprehensive John Calvin Collection CD-ROM in Logos Library System (LLS) format
http://www.logosbiblesoftware.com/logosbiblesoftware/calcom.html
Calvin's Commentaries (online)
http://www.ccel.org/ccel/calvin/calcom
One Hundred Aphorisms, Containing, Within a Narrow Compass, the Substance and Order of the Four Books of THE INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION
http://www.lettermen2.com/pringle.html
The Comprehensive John Calvin Collection
From Ages Software. Includes both the Battles and the Beveridge translation of THE INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION, CALVIN'S COMMENTARIES, and other works by Calvin.
http://www.ageslibrary.com/ages_calvin_collection_1.html
Institutes of the Christian Religion (Beveridge translation online)
http://www.ccel.org/ccel/calvin/institutes.i.html

Calvin, John, A Sermon on the Duty of Civil Rulers to Enforce and Defend the True Religion and True Godliness in their Realms by drawing out the sword against all Heretics and others who trouble the Church, and by strictly punishing whoredom, drunkenness, dancing, stageplays, &c., John Calvin
Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
A sermon on 1 Timothy 2:1-2.
http://www.truecovenanter.com/calvin/calvin_12_on_Timothy.html

Carson, Herbert M., Christians and the State (London, England: Tyndale Press, 1957). 90415
"A brief, informative study. Evangelical." -- Cyril J. Barber

Cobbett, William, ???A History of the Last Hundred Days of English Freedom
With an introduction, "Main events of Cobbett's life," and a biographical index.

*Cunningham, John, The Church History of Scotland: From the Commencement of the Christian Era to the Present Time [90071]

*CUNNINGHAM, WILLIAM, Church and State, the Biblical View: A Compilation of Articles From Some of the Best Christian Minds in History (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). A Christian classic. ISBN-10:
"A compilation of articles from some of the best Christian minds in history, including Cunningham, Smeaton, M'Crie, Symington, Gillespie, the Westminster Divines, Bannerman, Owen and Shaw. This book shows that, generally speaking, the leaders of the Reformed faith have all come to substantial agreement regarding what the Scriptures teach about Christ's Kingship over the nations and the Church. Establishmentarianism is clearly seen to be the historically Reformed consensus, and this has a huge impact on the way one views both the Church and the state, in relation to Scripture." -- SWRB

*CUNNINGHAM, WILLIAM, The Westminster Confession on the Relations Between Church and State (1843) (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Chapter eight excerpted from Discussions on Church Principles. Answers the false claims that the Westminster Divines contradicted themselves on this issue and/or that they were Erastians. Proves that changes made to the original Westminster Confession, concerning church and state issues, were in error -- clearly demonstrating why this is so." -- SWRB

*DAVIES, SAMUEL, The Divine Government the Joy of the World. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"Expands upon the reign and rule of King Jesus and the great blessings that this entails." -- SWRB
The Divine Government the Joy of the World, Samuel Davies
http://books.google.com/books?id=q2msGwAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

*Davies, Samuel (editor), et al, The Godly Family: A Series of Essays on the Duties of Parents and Children (Soli Deo Gloria, December 29, 1998), ISBN: 1877611735 9781877611735, 341 pages.
"Gary Ezzo has collected 16 essays and sermons from 17th and 18th century pastors on ordering a godly home. The book is divided into four section: 1) The Importance of Family Religion, 2) The Duties of Parents, 3) The Duties of Children, 4) The Eternal Family. . . . All of these have been retypeset and updated for easier reading." -- Publisher's Annotation
"The necessity and excellence of family religion / by Samuel Davies -- The great duty of family religion / by George Whitfield -- A plain and serious address on the important subject of family religion / by Philip Doddridge -- Parental duties illustrated / by Samuel Worcester -- The duties of parents towards their children / by Henry Venn -- Disciplining children / by Arthur Hildersham -- On the method of instructing children / by Henry Venn -- Four sermons on the religious education of children / by Philip Doddridge -- Blessings consequent upon parental fidelity / by Thomas Houston -- The duties of children to their parents / by Samuel Stennett -- The duties of children / by Henry Venn -- Heaven considered as a family / by Samuel Stennett."

DAVIES, SAMUEL, The Necessity and Excellence of Family Religion (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #22, ISBN: 0921148143 9780921148142. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #24.
"Promotes daily family worship based on an indirect application of 1 Tim. 5:8, 'But if any provide not for his own, and especially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel'." -- SWRB

Fox, John. An earnest persuasive to a manly defence of our happy constitution in church and state; a sermon, preached in the parish-church of Kildwick-Piercy, in the county of York, on Friday, February 17, 1758, . . . By John Fox, . . . York, 1758. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3319916615

*GILLESPIE, GEORGE, Ezekiel's Vision of Millennial Glory, Preparation for Coming Reformation and a Remedy for Backsliding and Lukewarmness. Available (THE PURITAN FAST SERMONS, 1640-1652, THE WORKS OF GEORGE GILLESPIE, and as two MP3 files) on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available (two MP3 files) on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18, ISBN: 0921148933 9780921148937.
"This sermon was originally preached to England's House of Commons 'At Their Late Solemn Fast, Wednesday, March 27, 1644.' It is taken from volume one of Gillespie's two volume WORKS. It gives great insight into the covenanted unity, uniformity and worldwide Reformation sought by the majority of the Westminster Divines and the best of the civil leaders of Gillespie's day. Gillespie searchingly deals with the individual, the church and the state, while painting a Scriptural picture of prophesied earthly victory (Isa. 2:2-5, Ezek 47:1-12, etc.) -- in classic historicist postmillennial style -- which is sure to stir even the coldest Christian heart. He shows how the worst disease the land can suffer is corruption in religion (particularly as exhibited in false worship), rebukes those opposing the Solemn League and Covenant and calls upon all to maintain (and even improve upon) the Reformation attainments 'whereunto we have already attained' (Phil. 3:16). It is also interesting to note, especially since this sermon was preached before civil rulers, that though Gillespie points out the need for humility, repentance, prayer, tears, godly affections, sanctified minds and honorable actions, he does not forget to mention the importance of a covenanted army in this great cause of Christ's covenanted Reformation. Also noted is the destruction of Antichrist, the calling and conversion of the Jews (Rom. 11), the two witnesses and the 1260 year apostasy. Gillespie closes with an appeal to the English House of Commons, with whom the Scots had 'joined in covenant and in arms,' to be faithful 'according to the word he (God--RB) hath covenanted with you (i.e. in the Solemn League and Covenant--RB), so his spirit remaineth among you' -- exhorting these magistrates to 'fear not' but to 'be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.' This is classic Covenanter preaching, among the best sermons you may ever hear!" -- SWRB

Hall, David W., The Early Church and the State
http://capo.org/premise/96/feb/p960208.html

*Hall, David W., Savior or Servant? Putting Government in its Place, ISBN: 0965036715 9780965036719.
Table of Contents
"Savior or Servant? is the single best volume of Christian thinking on the issue of the increasingly intrusive state . . . Theology at its very best: orthodox, relevant, and provocative." -- George Grant
"SAVIOR OR SERVANT? PUTTING GOVERNMENT IN ITS PLACE is an attempt to define the role of the state: Shall it be a minister or a Messiah? Using ancient but timeless information, David W. Hall has surveyed the Bible and arrived at a coherent theology of the state. This study succeeds in identifying the responsibilities that the civil state is mandated to do, permitted to do, and prohibited from doing. Along the way, it is discovered that all political schemes and issues are fraught with theological value. Moreover, the most enduring grid to keep government in its rightful place is found in the Bible. Drawing upon thousands of verses and hundreds of thinkers, this volume is comprehensive yet readable. Theologians from Augustine to Calvin and from Aquinas to Barth are studied and presented in a non-technical manner. The Christian who is interested in politics should absorb these summaries before launching out into unstudied political activism. Rather than adopting a politics-as-usual posture, Hall challenges partisans from the right and from the left. He summons Christians to the old paths, which God's Word has occupied for centuries. Discussed in these chapters are perennial matters of practical importance, such as: taxation; resistance to evil governments; methods of influence; the escalation of rights; limited government; moral qualities for leaders; separation of powers. This book will provide excellent fodder for discussion and guidance. It returns spiritual principles to their place, while seeking to put government in its proper place.
SAVIOR OR SERVANT? is a revival of a classic approach to limited government. In a time when nations are finally beginning to shrink bloated governments, a surprising source commends itself as an able assistant in reform. The scriptural view of the state, removed from the varied fads of political science, provides an enduring perspective by which to measure all states. This study begins with a survey of biblical teaching on pressing matters of state today. Following the contours of the Old and New Testaments, SAVIOR OR SERVANT? calls all levels of government to a servant posture, rather than allowing officials to dominate. A historical tracing of the best and most pertinent that theology has to offer on the subject is contained in these pages." -- Publisher's Annotation
From Reformation to Revolution: 1500-1650, Chapter 10: Savior or Servant? Putting Government in Its Place
http://capo.org/premise/96/mar/p960304.html

*JOHNSTON, JOHN C., Treasury of the Scottish Covenant (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27, ISBN: 0921148240 9780921148241. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Five, CD #25, ATLA 1988-6070. A Christian classic.
"A massive listing (over 671 pages) covering Covenanting literature from the period of the Reformation to its publication in 1887. Contains not only the principal literary productions of the Covenanters (in the course of the long-sustained and heroic resistance offered by them to the spiritual despotism thrust against them in both church and state), but all of the chief historical documents connected with this period of history. Inspiration and courage can be drawn from the memories and associations of these events and writings. Here is one example of what you will find (from page 349 in the book): '(Richard) Camerons' head and hands, cut from his body at Airsmoss, were taken to his father, then suffering in prison in Edinburgh for the Covenant. He was asked if he knew them. 'His words,' says Dr. Kerr, 'were surely the most touching of all the memories of that cruel time: 'I know, I know them! they are my son's, my dear son's! It is the Lord: good is the will of the Lord, who cannot wrong me nor mine, but has made goodness and mercy to follow us all our days.' After which, by order of the Council, his head was fixed upon the Netherbow Port, and his hands beside it, with the fingers upward, a kind of preaching 'at the entry of the city, at the coming in at the doors,' that told more for his cause and against the persecutors than all the words he could have spoken.' A must for every serious theological student, religious library, or rare book collector who has any interest in Reformation thought and/or literature. It is a veritable gold mine of information, facts, documents, book listings and more!" -- SWRB

*Kelly, Douglas F., The Emergence of Liberty in the Modern World: The Influence of Calvin on Five Governments From the 16th Through 18th Centuries (Philadelphia, PA: The Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co.). ISBN: 0875522971.
"Examines Calvin's influence on the civil governments of Geneva, Huguenot France, Knox's Scotland, Puritan England, and Colonial America. Shows how Calvin's legacy continues to bear upon the issues that guide and agitate Western nations today." --Publisher's Annotation

*Kennedy, D. James, with Jim Nelson Black, Character and Destiny: A Nation in Search of Its Soul (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1994), ISBN: 0310443806 9780310443803.
"America faces a crisis of moral authority. In this penetrating, informative book, Dr. D. James Kennedy takes readers to the core of today's cultural erosion. The United States' rich heritage of Christian liberty is now being corrupted by those who are trying to rewrite or reinterpret history. Even our traditional values are being undermined by our educational system. More than ever, we need to assert the truth -- the truth of the existence of sin and of the absolute nature of morality." -- Publisher's Annotation
Dr. Kennedy regards this work as his most important book to date.

*Kennedy, D. James with Jerry Newcombe, What if Jesus Had Never Been Born? The Positive Impact of Christianity in History, ISBN: 0785271783 9780785271789.
Hospitals, universities, literacy and education, capitalism and free-enterprise, representative government, separation of political powers, justice and common law, civil liberties, abolition of slavery, modern science, and so forth can all be attributed to Christianity.

*Kennedy, D. James, with Jerry Newcombe, What if the Bible Had Never Been Written? (Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Publishers), ISBN: 0785271546 9780785271543.
"Following its predecessor, WHAT IF JESUS HAD NEVER BEEN BORN, WHAT IF THE BIBLE HAD NEVER BEEN WRITTEN is a veritable compendium of the major accomplishments of the western world. D. James Kennedy demonstrates quite capably that many of the most fundamental stages of advancement for mankind over the last 2000 years began with the impetus of people whose lives were influenced by the Holy Scriptures. The book reads easily and keeps the attention of the reader as the author moves from one aspect of human development to another. He also explodes some myths along the way with clear and concise excerpts from personal letters, writings and biographies of the individuals about whom he writes. All in all, I would recommend this book to those who question the validity and potency of the Bible and to those who need to bolster their faith and resolve in the the Book of books." -- Reader's Comment

Kerr, James, Church and State: Three Lectures. I. Religious Equality -- National Disaster. II. Erastian Establishment -- Ecclesiastical Dishonour. III. Scriptural Establishment -- Imperial Glory
http://www.covenanter.org/JKerr/churchandstate.htm

Koo Jeon, Jeong, Covenant Theology: John Murray's and Meredith G. Kline's Response to the Historical Development of Federal Theology in Reformed Thought

McCLURE, DONALD, First Amendment a Master Piece of Satan Contra Antiestablishmentarianism (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"This article was sent to 278 members of the Canadian Parliament. It debunks the idea that it is right for majorities to determine law through their elected officials in opposition to God's holy law. It also opposes the false theories of human rights found in the first amendment to the Constitution of the United States. In short, and in agreement with both the Belgic and Westminster Confessions, it opposes 'the presumption that a government, ordained of God, can be neutral, and can make no law stating that Jesus Christ is King of the Nation, and that it can hold all religions, which are repugnant to the Gospel of Jesus Christ, equal before it'." -- SWRB

*M'CRIE, THOMAS (1772-1835), Statement of the Difference . . . Particularly on the Power of Civil Magistrates Respecting Religion, National Reformation, National Churches, and National Covenants, 1871. Alternate title: STATEMENT OF THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PROFESSION OF THE REFORMED CHURCH OF SCOTLAND, AS ADOPTED BY SECEDERS, AND THE PROFESSION CONTAINED IN THE NEW TESTIMONY AND OTHER ACTS LATELY ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSOCIATE SYNOD . . . Available (WORKS OF THOMAS M'CRIE) on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25, ISBN: 0921148208 9780921148203. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD One, CD #6. A Christian classic.
" 'The ablest exposition in the English language of the Establishment Principle . . . Dr. (George) Smeaton describes the Statement as a masterly defense of the principles of establishments as Scripture truth: and the most complete vindication ever given to the world of the position occupied by the Reformed Church of Scotland, on the whole subject of national religion and the magistrates legitimate power in promoting it. 'The same thoroughness,' wrote the late Rev. D. Beaton, 'which gave such abiding value to his great biography of Knox, is shown in this, his less known work . . . Dr. McCrie in his STATEMENT shows that all the Confessions of the Protestant and Presbyterian Churches of the Reformation, both in Britain and on the Continent of Europe, held and maintained the Establishment Principle. 'These harmoniously agree,' he writes, 'in declaring as with one mouth that civil authority is not limited to the secular affairs of men, and that the public care and advancement of religion is a principle part of the official duty of magistrates.' He goes on to give extracts from THE CONFESSION OF HELVETIA; THE CONFESSION OF BOHEMIA; THE CONFESSION OF SAXONY; THE FRENCH CONFESSION; THE BELGIC OR DUTCH CONFESSION; THE CONFESSION OF THE ENGLISH CONGREGATION IN GENEVA; THE SCOTS CONFESSION AND THE WESTMINSTER CONFESSION OF FAITH (1646). 'Such is the harmony of doctrine in the Protestant churches on this head,' he remarks, 'expressed in their confessions and public formularies drawn from the Word of God; a harmony which deserves great attention, and from which none should rashly depart' (as cited in CHRIST'S KINGSHIP OVER THE NATIONS by C.J. Brown). Concerning the doctrine of national obedience to Christ, M'Crie demonstrates in the most convincing way that there are few doctrines 'of the practical kind, in which the best interests of mankind and the general state of religion in the world, are more deeply concerned, than in the right and wrong determination of this question.' Contains an excellent preface by George Smeaton. Considered one of the definitive works on Church/State relations, defending the historic Reformed position. An extremely rare and very expensive item if located as a rare book." -- SWRB
Statement of the Difference . . . Particularly on the Power of Civil Magistrates Respecting Religion, National Reformation, National Churches, and National Covenants, 1871, 1807
http://www.covenanter.org/McCrie/Statement/statementtitle.htm

*North, Gary, Political Polytheism: The Myth of Pluralism (Tyler, TX: Institute for Christian Economics, 1989). 90577
"Political pluralism is not simply a political philosophy; it is a theology. This theology teaches that there must never be a nation that identifies itself with any religion." -- Publisher's Annotation
"This book presents a new vision of politics and a new vision of America, a vision self-consciously tied to the Bible. . . . Dr. North, a trained historian, seeks to lead us from this downward spiral to full recovery." -- GCB
Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
http://www.freebooks.com/

Muirhead, John. Dissertations on the foederal transactions between God and his church, both before and since the canon of scripture was completed. By John Muirhead, . . . Kelso, 1782. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3321936861

*Morey, Robert, The New Atheism and the Erosion of Freedom (Minneapolis, MN: Bethany House Publishers, c1986), ISBN: 0875523625 9780875523620.
"Exposes the godless suppression of religious freedom today and presents effective ways to convert atheists to Christ. In case you have not noticed atheism/secular humanism is gaining ground. Are you grounded in what these philosophies teach? Can you refute them? Dr. Morey will show you how." -- GCB
The American Atheist Union has said this is the most dangerous book ever written about religion. Includes bibliography.

REFORMED PRESBYTERY, Auchensaugh Renovation of the National Covenant and Solemn League and Covenant; With the Acknowledgement of Sins and Engagement to Duties as They Were Renewed at Auchensaugh in 1712 . . . Also the Renovation of These Public Federal Deeds Ordained at Philadelphia, Oct. 8, 1880, by the Reformed Presbytery, With Accommodation of the Original Covenants, in Both Transactions, to Their Times and Positions Respectively, 1880 edition Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #2, #25, #30, ISBN: 0921148690 9780921148692.
" 'In 1712, at Auchensaugh, the Covenants, National and Solemn League, were renewed . . . At the renewal the covenant bonds were recognized as binding the descendants of those who first entered into those bonds. The Covenanters, however, sought to display the true intent of those Covenants with marginal notes. These notes explained that the Church of Jesus Christ, in Scotland (and around the world), must not join hands with any political power in rebellion to the crown rights of King Jesus. The Covenanters pledged the Covenanted Reformed Presbyterian Church to the support of lawful magistracy (i.e. magistracy which conformed itself to the precepts of God's Word) and declared themselves and their posterity against support of any power, in Church or State, which lacked biblical authority.' (From 'About the Covenanted Reformed Presbyterian Church' P.O. Box 131, Pottstown, PA 19464). An excellent introduction (historical and moral) regarding the reasons, motives and manner of fulfilling the duty of covenanting with God. Especially helpful concerning the Biblical view of the blessings (for covenant-keepers) and cursings (for covenant breakers) related to covenanting. As noted on page 37, 'the godly usually in times of great defection from the purity and power of religion, and corruption of the ordinances of God's worship, set about renewing their covenant, thereby to prevent covenant curses, and procure covenant blessing; as we find both in scripture record, 2 Chron. 15:12-13; 29:10; 34:30-31; Ezra 10:3, and in our own ecclesiastical history.' Times like ours certainly call for a revival of the Scriptural ordinance of covenanting, for '[t]he nations throughout Christendom, continue in league with Antichrist and give their strength to the beast. They still refuse to profess and defend the true religion in doctrine, worship, government and discipline, contrary to the example of the kingdoms of Scotland, England and Ireland in the seventeenth century' (p. 136 in this book)." -- SWRB
The Auchensaugh Renovation
http://www.covenanter.org/RefPres/auchensaugh.htm

*REFORMED PRESBYTERY (AMERICA, "STEELITE"), DAVID STEELE (1803-1887), JOHN THORBURN (1730?-1788), JOHN COURTASS (d. 1795), et al., Act, Declaration, And Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To, And Established In, Britain and Ireland; Particularly Betwixt The Years 1638 and 1649, Inclusive. As, Also, Against All The Steps Of Defection From Said Reformation, Whether In Former Or Later Times, Since The Overthrow Of That Glorious Work, Down To This Present Day (1876), (A new edition of the Ploughlandhead Testimony of 1761, the subordinate standard of the "Steelite" Reformed Presbytery, 1850). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678.
"Upholds the original work of the Westminster Assembly and testifies to the abiding worth and truth formulated in the Westminster family of documents. Upholds and defends the crown rights of King Jesus in church and state, denouncing those who would remove the crown from Christ's head by denying His right to rule (by His law) in both the civil and ecclesiastical spheres. Testifies to the received doctrine, government, worship, and discipline of the Church of Scotland in her purest (reforming) periods. Applies God's Word to the Church's corporate attainments 'with a judicial approbation of the earnest contendings and attainments of the faithful, and a strong and pointed judicial condemnation of error and the promoters thereof' (The Contending Witness magazine, Dec. 17/93, p. 558). Shows the church's great historical victories (such as the National and Solemn League and Covenant, leading to the Westminster Assembly) and exposes her enemies actions (e.g. the Prelacy of Laud; the Independency, sectarianism, covenant breaking and ungodly toleration set forth by the likes of Cromwell [and the Independents that conspired with him]; the Erastianism and civil sectarianism of William of Orange, etc.). It is not likely that you will find a more consistent working out of the principles of Calvinism anywhere. Deals with the most important matters relating to the individual, the family, the church and the state. Sets forth a faithful historical testimony of God's dealings with men during some of the most important days of church history. A basic text that should be mastered by all Christians." -- SWRB
Act, Declaration, And Testimony (1876)
http://www.covenanter.org/RefPres/actdeclarationandtestimony/acttitle.htm
Act, Declaration, & Testimony for the Whole of our Covenanted Reformation (1876 Reformed Presbytery, America, Steelite)
The Project Gutenberg text was prepared by members of The Reformed Presbytery North America using the Reformed Presbytery (America, Steelite) text of the 1876 edition.
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/13200/13200.txt
The electronic text found at ManyBooks.com is the Project Gutenberg text.
http://manybooks.net/pages/presbyteryr13201320013200-8/0.html

Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #1
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=81907517162
Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #2
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=926071233170
Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #3
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=92707111830
Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #4
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=927071140420
*REFORMED PRESBYTERY, "STEELITE," (David Steele [1803-1887], James Campbell, Thomas Sproull, James Fulton) A Short Vindication of our Covenanted Reformation, 2nd edition, revised, and enlarged by a committee of the Reformed Presbytery ("Circular" and "Review" prefixed), 1879 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), 50 pages. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Also available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #2 (also #1, #25, and #30), ISBN: 0921148690 9780921148692.
"Until the church comes to terms with what is written in this book it will remain weak and divided. Covenant breakers will not prosper, as this rare item demonstrates from both Scripture and history. The power packed ordinance of covenanting (the National and Solemn League and Covenant in particular), was foundational to the Second Reformation and the work of the Westminster Assembly. 'By the National Covenant our fathers laid Popery prostrate. By the Solemn League and Covenant they were successful in resisting prelatic encroachments and civil tyranny. By it they were enabled to achieve the Second Reformation . . . They were setting up landmarks by which the location and limits of the city of God will be known at the dawn of the millennial day . . . How can they be said to go forth by the footsteps of the flock, who have declined from the attainments, renounced the covenants and contradicted the testimony of 'the cloud of witnesses. . . . All the schisms (separations) that disfigure the body mystical of Christ . . . are the legitimate consequences of the abandonment of reformation attainments, the violation of covenant engagements.' If you are interested in knowing how to recognize a faithful church (or state), when and why to separate from unfaithful institutions, who has held up the standard of covenanted Reformation attainments and who has backslidden (and why), what it means to subscribe to the Westminster Confession (1646) (and why most that say they do so today do not have any idea of what that means), and much more concerning individual, family, church and civil, individual, family, church and civil duties, this is one of the best books you will ever lay your hands on. It chronicles 'some instances of worldly conformity and mark(s) some steps of defection from our 'covenanted unity and uniformity,' noting how it is necessary to take a retrospect of our history for many years; for we did not all at once reach our present condition of sinfuPresbyterian and the Reformed churches lay under the heavy hand of God's judgement in our day, because of the very defections noted throughout this fine work. "We heard (hear) from various quarters the cry, ''maintain the truth, stand up for the principles of the Second Reformation;'' and yet many of those who are the most loud in uttering this cry, appear desirous to bury in oblivion those imperishable national and ecclesiastical deeds, by which the church and kingdom of Scotland became ''married to the Lord''." Are we married to the Lord, or have we thrown off the covenants of our forefathers; are we the chaste bride of Christ, or a harlot who is found in the bedchambers of every devilish suitor (whether ecclesiastical or civil) who tempts us with the favors of this world? Let us cry out, as with 'the noble Marquis of Argyle, upon the scaffold,' when he said, 'God hath tied us by covenants to religion and reformation. These that were then unborn are yet engaged, and it passeth the power of all the magistrates under heaven to absolve them from the oath of God. They deceive themselves, and it may be, would deceive others, who think otherwise.' Not for the weak of heart." -- SWRB
A Short Vindication of our Covenanted Reformation, Reformed Presbytery
http://www.covenanter.org/RPCCov/shortvindication.htm
A Short Vindication of Our Covenanted Reformation
http://books.google.com/books?id=FqwpHAAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

*REID, H.M.B., A Cameronian Apostle: Being Some Account of John Macmillan of Balmaghie, 1896. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #30, ISBN: 0921148380 9780921148388. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Five, CD #25.
"The author wrote this book `considering the renewed interest taken at present in questions of Church government and establishment,' noting that `there seemed to be some room for a detailed treatment of a career which covers so interesting a period as that embraced between 1690 and 1750.' Macmillan is an important historical link to those who still fight for Christ's Crown and Covenant. `For many years he fought the battle of the Covenants alone, and he fought it on lines of policy and wisdom.' states Reid. Furthermore, the author continues, `I have tried to indicate his position among the `Suffering Remnant' by calling him `a Cameronian Apostle;' for, during the long period of 36 years, he was the sole ordained minister among the scattered congregations of the `Society' people. The name seems not unfitting, and it receives a certain sanction from the authority of Dr. Cunningham, who styled him the `high-priest' of the Societies . . . Further, Macmillan's story is also the record of the development of a most interesting side of Scottish Church life. He may be said, indeed, to have made the history of what, at last, became the Reformed Presbyterian Church. This is so true, that that Church long bore the popular name of the `Macmillanites.' And the name of Macmillan is bound up with more than one congregation still existing.' An important book for those who would trace the backsliding of modern Presbyterianism (the neopresbyterians) and also be encouraged by the remnant of those who remain faithful to the position of the original Covenanters (the paleopresbyterians). This book's 308 pages includes illustrations and a detailed appendix containing important church documents." -- SWRB

REID, H.M.B., The Kirk Above Dee Water, 1895 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
" `This little book (128 pages) . . . embodies a few scattered notices of (the) Balmaghie Church since the year 1615 . . . The dominating figure in the following pages is, of course, the great Macmillan' (Preface). Here 'they went to hear the word of God properly preached' in the Kirk of the Hill Folk, which had never fyled its hands with 'an Erastian Establishment!' (Introduction). An interesting look at a Covenanter congregation." -- SWRB

Richman, Sheldon, Separating School and State (The Future of Freedom Foundation).

*Robbins, John W., Ecclesiastical Megalomania: The Economic and Political Thought of the Roman Catholic Church (Unicoi, TN: The Trinity Foundation), ISBN: 0940931753 9780940931756.
"This book is a detailed examination of the official statements of the Vatican on economic and political matters. It demonstrates the collectivism and totalitarianism of the Roman Catholic Church-State. It is the only such book written by a Christian in the twentieth century.
"This book explores the conflict between Roman Catholic social thought and human freedom, relying on official pronouncements from the Vatican to show that the political and economic theory of the Roman Church-State justifies feudalism, corporativism, liberation theology, the welfare state, and fascism.
"Dr. John W. Robbins attended Grove City College (A.B. 1969) and The Johns Hopkins University (M.A. 1970, Ph.D. 1973). He has served as chief of staff for a Member of Congress [Ron Paul of Texas], editor of The Freeman magazine, Economist for The Heritage Foundation, and Professor of Political Philosophy in The Freedom School." -- Publisher's Annotation

Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men, even when they exercise influence and not authority: still more when you superadd the tendency or the certainty of corruption by authority. -- John Emerich Edward Dalberg, Lord Acton (1834-1902) in a letter to Mandell Creighton, April 5, 1887 quoted by Gertrude Himmelfarb in Acton, Essays on Freedom and Power, pp. 335-36 (1972)
"As the world focuses it attention on the papacy, we ought to recall Lord Acton, the great Roman Catholic historian of the 19th century. Many have heard the aphorism, 'Power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely,' though it is usually misquoted as 'Power corrupts.' Few who have heard it, however, know who its author was: John Emerich Edward Dalberg, better known as Lord Acton. Fewer still realize that Acton used the aphorism in opposing the papacy, the absolute monarchy of the Roman Catholic Church.
"Acton's criticisms of the papacy and the Roman Church are some of most damning ever leveled against those institutions, and they are virtually unknown today. Yet to anyone seriously concerned about religious and political freedom, Acton’s views on the Roman Church, his own church, in particular his condemnation of the papacy, ought to be of great interest. Unfortunately, contemporary theological correctness has a taboo against criticism of Catholicism.
"Acton kept a notebook on the Inquisition in which he wrote:
[The] object of the Inquisition [was] not to combat sin -- for the sin was not judged by it unless accompanied by [theological] error. Nor even to put down error. For it punished untimely and unseemly remarks the same as blasphemy. Only unity. This became an outward, fictitious, hypocritical unity. The gravest sin was pardoned, but it was death to deny the donation of Constantine. [The Donation of Constantine was a document forged in the eighth century in which the Roman Emperor Constantine willed the Western Roman Empire to the Pope. The Roman Church taught that the Donation was genuine, and the legal basis for the pope's civil authority, for centuries. -- JR] So men learnt that outward submission must be given. All this [was] to promote authority more than faith. When ideas were punished more severely than actions -- for all this time the Church was softening the criminal law, and saving men from the consequences of crime: – and the Donation was put on a level with God's own law -- men understood that authority went before sincerity.
"Acton believed that the Inquisition was the institution by which the medieval papacy had to be condemned or acquitted. Just as a man charged with murder is judged for a single act, though be may be kind to his mother and a great philanthropist, so the papacy must be judged for the Inquisition. To Mandell Creighton, an Anglican priest, Acton wrote:
I cannot accept your canon that we are to judge Pope and King unlike other men, with a favourable presumption that they did no wrong. If there is any presumption it is the other way, against holders of power, increasing as the power increases. Historic responsibility has to make up for the want of legal responsibility. Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men, even when they exercise influence and not authority: still more when you superadd the tendency or the certainty of corruption by authority. There is no worse heresy than that the office sanctifies the holder of it. . . . For many years my view of Catholic controversy has been governed by the following chain of reasoning: 1. A crime does not become a good deed by being committed for the good of a church. 2. The theorist who approves the act is no better than the culprit who commits it. 3. The divine or historian who defends the theorist incurs the same blame. . . . To commit murder is the mark of a moment, exceptional. To defend it is constant, and shows a more perverted conscience.
"Acton turned his attention to other crimes of the Roman Church as well. Beginning on Sunday, August 24, 1572, tens of thousands of French Huguenots were massacred by the Catholics. Overnight, thousands were murdered, and the murders continued for several months. The massacre began in Paris. The sign of the cross was everywhere, and the murders took on the air of a crusade, a holy war against the infidels. The banks of the Seine became a slaughterhouse. Men, women, children, and infants were stabbed or dragged by a rope around the neck to be thrown into the river. The murder, looting, and rape went on for days in Paris.
"The Pope, Gregory XIII, reacted immediately to this Catholic Holocaust: He delivered a complimentary speech, and commended the King of France, Charles IX, who 'has also displayed before our Most Holy Master and this entire assembly the most splendid virtues which can shine in the exercise of power.' The Pope commissioned a mural in honor of the great occasion; he ordered salutes fired for Charles; he had a commemorative seal struck; and in a horrible blasphemy he ordered a special Te Deum sung. Less than two years later, at the age of 24, King Charles died in extreme pain with blood oozing from his pores. His last words were pleas to God for pardon for the murders.
"The massacre was a matter of controversy in 1868 when Acton wrote an essay in the North British Review. He concluded his long essay by saying that there was no evidence to absolve the Roman Church of premeditated murder. Acton argued that it was not only facts that condemned the papacy for this heinous crime, but the whole body of casuistry developed by the church that made it an act of Christian duty and mercy to kill a heretic so that he might be removed from sin. Acton pointed out that only when the Roman Church could no longer rely on force but had to make its case before public opinion did it seek to explain away its murders. 'The same motive which had justified the murder now promoted the lie,' he wrote. A bodyguard of lies was fabricated to protect the papacy from guilt for this monstrous sin. Acton wrote:
The story is much more abominable than we all believed. . . . S.B. [St. Bartholomew's] is the greatest crime of modern times. It was committed on principles professed by Rome. It was approved, sanctioned, and praised by the papacy. The Holy See went out of its way to signify to the world, by permanent and solemn acts, how entirely it admired a king who slaughtered his subjects treacherously, because they were Protestants. To proclaim forever that because a man is a Protestant it is a pious deed to cut his throat in the night. . . .
"For three centuries the Roman church's canon law had affirmed that the killing of an excommunicated person was not murder, and that allegiance need not be kept with heretical rulers. Murder and treason were part of the Roman church’s official teachings. Charles IX was acting as a good Catholic, and he was highly praised by the pope for his murders.
"In 1867 Pope Pius IX summoned a general council of the Roman Church to be held in Rome in 1870. It was the first general council of the Roman Church since the sixteenth century Council of Trent, at which the schismatic Roman Church had condemned all the truths of the Reformation. This time the Pope was determined to establish himself as the infallible sovereign of the Roman Church.
"Acton thought that the time of the council would be better spent abolishing many of the 'reforms' made by the Council of Trent, reforms which had perpetuated in the Roman Church a spirit of intolerant absolutism and 'austere immorality.' He opposed the doctrine of papal infallibility, because, as an historian, he knew the popes were not infallible. Acton wrote:
A man is not honest who accepts all the Papal decisions in questions of morality, for they have often been distinctly immoral; or who approves the conduct of the Popes in engrossing power, for it was stained with perfidy and falsehood; or who is ready to alter his convictions at their command, for his conscience is guided by no principle.
"After studying the history of the popes, Acton wrote:
The papacy contrived murder and massacre on the largest and also on the most cruel and inhuman scale. They were not only wholesale assassins but they made the principle of assassination a law of the Christian Church and a condition of salvation. . . . [The Papacy] is the fiend skulking behind the Crucifix.
Massachusetts Attorney General, "The Sexual Abuse of Children in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston," Thomas F. Reilly, Massachusetts Attorney General
"The mistreatment of children was so massive and so prolonged that it borders on the unbelievable," says the July 23 [2003] report of Massachusetts Attorney General Thomas F. Reilly. More than 1,000 minors were likely abused by priests over the past six decades."
This is the 79-page report in its entirety.
http://www.votf.org/ago/archdiocese.pdf
Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Knox, Samuel Rutherford, John Owen, Thomas Manton, The Westminster Assembly, James Renwick, Archibald Mason, Christopher Ness, Francis Turretin, The Reformed Presbytery, David Steel, James R. Willson, Alexander M'Leod, William L. Roberts, James Aiken Wylie, Andrew Wilet, Henry Wilkinson, James Wylie, Patrick Fairbairn, James Aiken, Andrew Wilet, Alexander Hislop, Francis Nigel Lee, Arthur W. Pink, and so forth, and so on, have all believed and argued in print that the seated Pope is the Anti-Christ of the Bible.
The Roman Church-State is "the world's oldest, largest, most powerful and most influential politico-ecclesiastical institution" and it "may also be the world's wealthiest." The Roman Catholic Institution is the ultimate "negative guide to the positive," the reformers ultimate "opposite guide to political and economic reform." The Roman Catholic Institution is the ultimate "negative guide to the positive," the reformers ultimate "opposite guide to political and economic reform."
Pope's visit means 3 White House firsts.
President says 'man of faith' and conviction deserves the special treatment

Associated Press, April. 13, 2008
"WASHINGTON - The leader of the world's 1 billion Roman Catholics has been to the White House only once in history. That changes this week, and President Bush is pulling out all the stops: driving out to a suburban military base to meet Pope Benedict XVI's plane, bringing a giant audience to the South Lawn and hosting a fancy East Room dinner.
"These are all firsts.
"A crowd of up to 12,000 is due at the White House on Wednesday morning for the pope's official, pomp-filled arrival ceremony. It will feature the U.S. and Holy See anthems, a 21-gun salute, and the U.S. Army Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps. Both men will make remarks before their Oval Office meeting and a send-off for his popemobile down Pennsylvania Avenue.
"The president explained the special treatment -- particularly the airport greeting.
" 'One, he speaks for millions. Two, he doesn't come as a politician; he comes as a man of faith,' Bush told the EWTN Global Catholic Network in an interview aired Friday. He added that he wanted to honor Benedict's conviction that 'there's right and wrong in life, that moral relativism has a danger of undermining the capacity to have more hopeful and free societies. . . .' "
"This week makes Bush the record-holder, with a total of five meetings with two popes. . . ."
"The current pope's approach may be softer than that of John Paul, who turned from Bush's presentation to him of the Medal of Freedom in 2004 to read a statement about his 'grave concern' over events in Iraq."
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24096388/
Bush Scandals
An extensive resource. Includes websites for the Savings and Loan Scandal of the 1980s, considered the largest theft in the history of the world, involving Neil Bush, a brother of George W., the Florida's Voting Scandal of 2001 in which Al Gore lost the presidential election. Jeb Bush, another brother of George W., was Governor of Florida and had promised to deliver the state for his brother. Other sites treat George W. Bush's suspected involvement in 911 [911 is, of course, analagous to Roosevelt's Pearl Harbor]. Note particularly "Bush Family Machinations, 1918-2000," a time-line of Bush Family crimes prior to Election 2000.
http://news4florida.tripod.com/index1.html
The Panic of '08. Lew Rockwell Interviews Ron Paul, September 18, 2008
A podcast.
http://www.lewrockwell.com/podcast/?p=episode&name=2008-09-18_029_ron_paul_talks_to_lew_rockwell.mp3

*ROBERTS, WILLIAM L. (1798-1864), The Duty of Nations, in Their National Capacity, to Acknowledge and Support the True Religion, 1853 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25, ISBN: 0921148208 9780921148203.
"Excerpted from THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM below, this book deals with the inescapable necessity, of the demand found in the Word of God, for the Civil establishment of Christ as King and Lawgiver over every nation on earth. If you are sick of the cease-fire with humanism, set forth by the syncretistic, Satanic and pragmatic pagan politicians of our day (those who bargain with votaries of Antichrist [the Pope], publicly tolerate all manner of false religions (e.g. Islam) and idolatry, and compose their policy and draw their pretended authority from the beast [and not the Word of God], this book is for you! For all pagan politics is summed up in the words of the Cameronian (Covenanter) political philosopher Alexander Shields, as 'rotting away under the destructive distempers of detestable neutrality, loathsome lukewarmness, declining, and decaying in corruptions, defections, divisions, distractions, confusions; and so judicially infatuated with darkness and delusions, that they forget and forego the necessary testimony of the day' (A Hind let Loose, 1797 edition, p. 20). Pick up this book and begin the political walk in the 'footsteps of the flock,' traveling the covenanting road of Reformation and Scripture (with the magisterial Reformers of the past)!" -- SWRB
On the Duty of Covenanting and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants, being section 11 in the Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, 1853, by William L. Roberts
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/PresCatCov.htm
A Hind Let Loose; Or An Historical Representation OF THE TESTIMONIES OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND. . . . by Mr. ALEXANDER SHIELDS, Minister of the Gospel, in St. Andrews. , EEBO.
http://www.covenanter.org/AShields/Hind/Hindletloosetitle.htm
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html

*Rushdoony, Rousas J., Christianity and the State (Vallecito, CA: Ross House Books), ISBN: 9996717755.
"The need to return to a Biblical doctrine of civil government is evidenced by our century's worldwide drift into tyranny. Humanism invariably rushes in to fill the world's theological vacuums: the need of the hour is to restore a full-orbed, Biblical, theology of the state. This work sets forth that theology." -- GCB

*RUTHERFORD, SAMUEL, The Due Right of Presbyteries or a Peaceable Plea for the Government of the Church of Scotland . . . , 1644 Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #9 and #24, ISBN: 0921148836 9780921148838. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Three, CD #18.
"Almost 800 pages long, Rutherford here deals with church membership, separation from the visible church, the civil magistrate and religion, communion among churches, the errors of the independents (specifically in New England) and much more. This could be considered the LEX, REX of church government -- another exceedingly rare masterpiece of Presbyterianism! Characterized by Walker as sweeping `over a wider field than most. Most essential points which Gillespie has barely touched, Rutherford carefully considers; as, for instance, the nature of the visible church as such, and its constituent elements. Even in the Erastian controversy he is a necessary supplement to his great contemporary. It is something to me altogether amazing, the mass of thinking about Church questions you have in those writings.' Bannerman, in his CHURCH OF CHRIST calls this a `very learned and elaborate treatise.' Here is a sample of Mr. Rutherford's writing: `A private subtraction and separation from the Ministry of a known wolf and seducer, . . . this the Law of nature will warrant . . . as Parker saith from Saravia, `it is lawful to use that blameless and just defence, if the bad church-guide cannot be deposed.' So the son may save himself by a just defence in fleeing from his mad father, or his distracted friend coming to kill him. Now this defence is not an authoritative act, nor [a] judicial act of authority, but a natural act that is common to any private person, yea to all without the true Church as well as within to take that care in extreme necessity, for the safety of their souls, that they would do for the safety of their bodies' (1642), cited in The Original Covenanter and Contending Witness magazine." -- SWRB
The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

*RUTHERFORD, SAMUEL, A Free Disputation Against Pretended Liberty of Conscience, 1649 edition. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #9, #25, and #26, ISBN: 0921148836 9780921148838. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #21.
"Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION, though scarce, is still one of his most important works with maybe only a few copies of the actual book left in existence. Though Rutherford is affectionately remembered in our day for his LETTERS, or for laying the foundations of constitutional government (against the divine right of kings) in his unsurpassed LEX, REX his FREE DISPUTATION should not be overlooked for it contains the same searing insights as LEX, REX. In fact, this book should probably be known as Rutherford's 'politically incorrect' companion volume to LEX, REX. A sort of sequel aimed at driving pluralists and antinomians insane. Written against 'the Belgick Arminians, Socinians, and other Authors contending for lawlesse liberty, or licentious Tolerations of Sects and Heresies,' Rutherford explains the undiluted Biblical solution to moral relativism, especially as it is expressed in ecclesiastical and civil pluralism! (Corporate pluralism being a violation of the first commandment and an affront to the holy God of Scripture). He also deals with conscience, toleration, penology (punishment), and the judicial laws, as related to both the civil and ecclesiastical realms. Excellent sections are also included which address questions related to determining the fundamentals of religion, how covenants bind us, the perpetual obligation of social covenants (with direct application to the Solemn League and Covenant and the covenant-breaking of Cromwell and his sectarian supporters), whether the punishing of seducing teachers be persecution of conscience, and much more. Walker adds these comments and context regarding Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION, 'The principle of toleration was beginning to be broached in England, and in a modified shape to find acceptance there. Samuel Rutherford was alarmed, or rather, I should say, he was horrified, for he neither feared the face of man or argument. He rushed to the rescue of the good old view . . . It is not so easy to find a theoretical ground for toleration; and Rutherford has many plausible things to say against it. With the most perfect confidence, he argues that it is alike against Scripture and common sense that you should have two religions side by side. It is outrageous ecclesiastically, it is sinful civilly. He does not, however, take what I call the essentially persecuting ground. He does not hold that the magistrate is to punish religion as religion. Nay, he strongly maintains that the civil magistrate never aims at the conscience. The magistrate, he urges, does not send anyone, whether a heretic (who is a soul murderer -- RB) or a murderer, to the scaffold with the idea of producing conversion or other spiritual result, but to strengthen the foundations of civil order. But if he gives so much power to the king, he is no lover of despotism withal: the king himself must be under law. To vindicate this great doctrine is the object of another book, the celebrated LEX, REX; of which it has been said by one competent to judge, that it first clearly developed the constitutionalism which all men now accept' (Theology and Theologians . . ., pp. 11-12). In our day Francis Schaeffer, and numerous others, have critiqued many of the problems found in modern society, but most have spent little time developing explicitly Biblical solutions especially regarding the theoretical foundations that Rutherford addresses here. Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION provides a detailed blueprint for laying the foundations that must be laid before any lasting, God-honoring solutions will be found. Furthermore, Rutherford and his writings were the enemies of all governments not covenanted with Christ. This book will give you a very clear picture as to why 'the beast' (civil and ecclesiastical) has reserved his special hatred for such teaching. As Samuel Wylie noted '[t]he dispute, then, will not turn upon the point whether religion should be civilly established . . . but it is concerning what religion ought to be civilly established and protected, -- whether the religion of Jesus alone should be countenanced by civil authority, or every blasphemous, heretical, and idolatrous abomination which the subtle malignity of the old serpent and a heart deceitful above all things and desperately wicked, can frame and devise, should be put on an equal footing therewith" (The Two Sons of Oil; or, the Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis, softcover). Can our generation swallow Rutherford's hard, anti-pluralistic, Covenanter medicine, poured forth from the bottle of the first commandment, without choking on their carnal dreams of a free and righteous society divorced from God (and His absolute claims upon everyone and everything)? Not without the enabling power of the Holy Spirit -- that is for sure! In summary, this book answers all the hardest questions theonomists (and their wisest and best opponents) have been asking for the last 20-30 years (and these answers are much more in depth than any we have seen in the last couple of millennia [less about a century to account for the apostles]). As the reader will discover, Rutherford was a wealthy man when it came to wisdom (and much advanced theologically), and those who take the time to gaze into the King's treasure house, as exhibited in this book, will find that they are greatly rewarded. Furthermore, because of its uncompromising stand upon the Word of God, this book is sure to be unpopular among a wicked and adulterous generation. However, on the other hand, it is sure to be popular among the covenanted servants of King Jesus! This is one of the best books (in the top five anyway) for advanced study of the Christian faith. We have now obtained an easy-to-read, amazingly clear copy of this very rare, old treasure. Great price too, considering that a copy of the 1649 edition, containing this quality of print, would likely cost upwards of $1000 on the rare book market -- though it is unlikely you would ever see a copy for sale!" -- SWRB
The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

*RUTHERFORD, SAMUEL, Lex, Rex (Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle Publications), ISBN: 0873779517. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #10, #25 ISBN: 0921148852 9780921148852. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Three, CD #18. A Christian classic.
Lex, rex is Latin for "law is king."
"LEX, REX is `the great political text of the Covenanters' (Johnston citing Innes in Treasury of the Scottish Covenant, p. 305.) `Rutherford was the first to formulate the great constitutional principle Lex est Rex -- the law is King . . . much of the doctrine has become the constitutional inheritance of all countries in modern times.' (Idem.)"
"Gilmour writes [in SAMUEL RUTHERFORD], 'that, as regards religious fervour, scholastic subtlety of intellect, and intensity of ecclesiastical conviction, Samuel Rutherford is the most distinctively representative Scotsman in the first half of the seventeenth century'." -- SWRB
"Without a doubt one of the greatest books on political philosophy ever written. Rutherford here has penned a great Christian charter of liberty against all forms of civil tyranny -- vindicating the Scriptural duty to resist tyrants as an act of loyalty to God." -- SWRB
"That resistance to lawful authority -- even when that authority so called has, in point of fact, set at nought all law -- is in no instance to be vindicated, will be held by those only who are the devotees of arbitrary power and passive obedience. The principles of Mr. Rutherford's LEX, REX, however obnoxious they may be to such men, are substantially the principles on which all government is founded, and without which the civil magistrate would become a curse rather than a blessing to a country. They are the very principles which lie at the basis of the British Constitution, and by whose tenure the House of Brunswick does at this very moment hold possession of the throne of these realms." -- Rev. Robert Burns, D.D., in his Preliminary Dissertation to WODROW'S CHURCH HISTORY
"Though Rutherford is affectionately remembered in our day for his Letters, or for laying the foundations of constitutional government (against the divine right of kings) in his unsurpassed LEX, REX, his Free Disputation should not be overlooked for it contains the same searing insights as Lex, Rex. In fact, this book should probably be known as Rutherford's 'politically incorrect' companion volume to LEX, REX. A sort of sequel aimed at driving pluralists and antinomians insane. Written against 'the Belgick Arminians, Socinians, and other Authors contending for lawlesse liberty, or licentious Tolerations of Sects and Heresies,' Rutherford explains the undiluted Biblical solution to moral relativism, especially as it is expressed in ecclesiastical and civil pluralism! (Corporate pluralism being a violation of the first commandment and an affront to the holy God of Scripture)." -- SWRB
"This [THE DUE RIGHT OF PRESBYTERIES OR A PEACEABLE PLEA FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND . . . ,] could be considered the LEX, REX of church government -- another exceedingly rare masterpiece of Presbyterianism! Characterized by Walker as sweeping `over a wider field than most'." -- SWRB
A HIND LET LOOSE by Alexander Shields is sometimes referred to as 'Lex, Rex volume two.'
Lex, Rex, or The Law and the Prince, Samuel Rutherford
"Rutherford is to be praised for his teaching that the king is subject to the law of God. The Bible has nothing but condemnation for those who 'frame mischief by a law' and declares rhetorically, 'Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee?' (Ps. 94:20). Deuteronomy 17 is the classic passage in defense of Lex, Rex, wherein the king is charged to ' . . . read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, to keep all the words of this law . . . .' (Deut. 17:19)."
http://www.natreformassn.org/lexrex/index.html
Lex, rex: the law and the prince, a dispute for the just prerogative of king and people, containing the reasons and causes of the defensive wars of the kingdom of Scotland, and of their expedition for the ayd and help of their brethren of England. In which a full answer is given to a seditious pamphlet, intituled, Sacro-sancta regum majestas, penned by J. Maxwell. By S. Rutherford. [Followed by] De jure regni apud Scotos; a dialogue, tr. by R. Macfarlan (repr. from the ed. of 1799).
http://books.google.com/books?id=jtYDAAAAQAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html
Lex, Rex, "Lawfulness to Resist Tyranny" (Samuel Rutherford)
http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/7947/LexRex.html
The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

*SHAW, J.W., Hephzibah Beulah. Our Covenants the National and Solemn League; and Covenanting by the Reformed Presbyterian Synod in America: Considered, 1872 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"A very useful, easy-to-read, introductory work (by an RPCNA minister) to the topics it deals with. General Scriptural pripciples upon which this book is based are:
1. Departure from former laudable attainments, is a great evil, severely threatened in the Holy Scriptures; and that for which every one, who is guilty, must be accountable to the Righteous Judge of all the earth.
2. They who consent unto the unrighteous deeds of others, are chargeable with guilt, as well as the principal actors.
3. Societies, or individuals, having once publicly and solemnly vowed unto the Most High God; and still, after the strictest enquiry, remain satisfied in their own mind, that their vows were scriptural; should seriously endeavor to act up to the true spirit and intention of these vows; and no power upon earth, nor any class of men, whether majority or minority, in a nation, can ever possibly dissolve the obligation.
"Chapters include: The National Covenant and Solemn League and Covenant reviewed; Their Binding Obligations Shown; The Possibility That Adherence to them May Be Professed, While They are Virtually Abandoned; The Covenant Sworn and Subscribed by Synod at Pittsburgh, May 27th, 1871; Is It a Renovation or a New Covenant?; The Covenant Does Not Contain All That the Church is Bound to in America; Charges Against the Covenant; Reason Why Some Who Do Not Like It, Swear It; The Covenants National and Solemn League Must Be Maintained." -- SWRB
Shaw, Rev. J. W., HEPHZIBAH BEULAH OUR COVENANTS THE NATIONAL AND SOLEMN LEAGUE; AND COVENANTING BY THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN SYNOD IN AMERICA: C O N S I D E R E D
http://truecovenanter.com/covenants/shaw_hephzibah_beulah.html

Smith, B.M., Family Religion, or the Domestic Relations as Regulated by Christian Principles, 1859 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #24. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #22, ISBN: 0921148143 9780921148142.
"Smith's family was greatly influenced by Samuel Davies. Smith himself was a friend of R.L. Dabney. As the editor notes, the importance of this book is seen in the fact that `[r]eform of the family would soon diffuse itself throughout the whole constitution of society, a higher tone of morals would be inspired, and not only would the moral influence of the church be enlarged, but the stability and security of the state would be perpetuated.' Or as the DIRECTORY FOR FAMILY WORSHIP, appended to the Westminster Confession, so wisely points out, `[b]esides the public worship in congregations, mercifully established in this land in great purity, it is expedient and necessary that secret worship of each person alone, and private worship of families, be pressed and set up; that, with national reformation, the profession and power of godliness, both personal and domestic, be advanced.' This was a prize winning essay, covering, in depth, the family and its duties." -- SWRB

*STEELE, DAVID (1803-1887, editor), Reformed Presbytery of North America, The Contending Witness, The Reformation Advocate and The Original Covenanter magazines. Available [THE BEST OF THE ORIGINAL COVENANTER AND CONTENDING WITNESS MAGAZINE] on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18, ISBN: 0921148933 9780921148937.
"The following list of magazines, edited by David Steele, comprise what is likely the best compilation of Christian periodicals ever amassed under one set of bindings. Nothing we know of (before or since), authored as magazine articles related to full-orbed nation shaking biblical Reformation, even comes close to the consistent quality of writing found in these short works on various subjects. Steele himself should probably be considered the best theologian of the nineteenth century, and the other contributors to these magazines were all approaching the same class. A healthy portion of Steele's writing is found in these magazines, as he only wrote a few other books, so the reading is encouraged to sample for himself some of the best writing (defending the Covenanted Reformation) you will find anywhere!" -- SWRB

The Contending Witness magazine, Vol. 1:1-2:6, Apr. 1841 to Feb. 1843 (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
The Reformation Advocate magazine, Vol. 1:1-1:12, March 1874 to Dec. 1876(Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
The Origianal Covenanter magazine, Vol. 2:1-2:16, July 1877 to Dec. 1880 (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
The Origianal Covenanter magazine, Vol. 3:1-3:16, March 1881 to Dec. 1884 (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).

*SYMINGTON, ANDREW, Headship of Christ Over the Nations, 1841 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Provides Scriptural evidences for Christ's headship over the nations and the church, demonstrating the importance of this doctrine to the Kingdom of Christ. A lecture excerpted from the book Lectures on the Principles of the Second Reformation, edited by Andrew Symington." -- SWRB
Lectures on the Principles of the Second Reformation
http://www.covenanter.org/RPScotland/Principles/lecturesonthesecondreformation.htm

*SYMINGTON, WILLIAM (1795-1862), Messiah the Prince or, The Mediatorial Dominion of Jesus Christ (Pittsburgh, PA: The Christian Statesman Press [National Reform Association], 1999, 1884), ISBN: 0966004434, and (Hardbound [ISBN: 0921148054] or Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1990, 1884). The 1884 edition is also available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #13, #25, and #26, ISBN: 0921148917 9780921148913. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"It was deemed essential to the salvation of men that their Redeemer should possess the powers at once of a prophet, a priest, and a king. These offices, while essentially distinct, are necessarily and inseparably connected with one another. Such a union has been by some utterly denied; and its denial has laid foundation for some capital errors, which have exerted a pernicious influence on the Christian church. By others it has been criminally overlooked; and the neglect with which it has been treated has occasioned vague and conflicting conceptions regarding the great work of man's deliverance from sin and wrath by the mediation of the Son of God." -- William Symington
"It is the standard work on the kingdom of God in English! There is nothing else like it; it is one-of-a kind! It covers the necessity, reality, and qualifications of Christ's dominion over not only the church, but all nations too. Anything less is to rob Christ of His magnificent, majestic, mediatorial glory -- for He is the King of kings and Lord of lords. 'While books on the priestly work of the Redeemer, and especially on the Atonement, are numerous,' notes the introduction to the American edition, 'no formal and exhaustive discussion of the kingly office of the Messiah . . . and its application to various classes of moral agents is elsewhere to be found . . . It is cause for satisfaction that the only treatise, as yet, upon this subject, is a work of signal ability, lucid in arrangement, reverent in spirit, and with hardly an exception, sound and judicious in its conclusion. Its very merits are probably, in part, the reason why no other work on the same subject has appeared, and until it is supplanted by a better work--an event not likely soon to occur--it will have a value peculiar to itself'." -- SWRB
Chapters include "The Necessity of the Mediatorial Dominion," "The Universality of the Mediatorial Dominion," "The Mediatorial Dominion Over the Church," and "Over the Nations," plus much more.
Messiah the Prince or, The Mediatorial Dominion of Jesus Christ, William Symington
Online free etext of the 1999 Christian Statesman Press edition.
http://www.reformed.org/eschaton/symington/index.html?mainframe=/eschaton/symington/index_mtp.html

*SYMINGTON, WILLIAM (1795-1862), Nature and Obligation of Public Vows; With an Explanation and Defense of the British Covenants, 1841, (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27, ISBN: 0921148240 9780921148241.
"More from the author of the classic MESSIAH THE PRINCE OR, THE MEDIATORIAL DOMINION OF JESUS CHRIST. A lecture excerpted from the book Lectures on the Principles of the Second Reformation, edited by Andrew Symington." -- SWRB
Lectures on the Principles of the Second Reformation
http://www.covenanter.org/RPScotland/Principles/lecturesonthesecondreformation.htm
The Nature and Obligation of Public Vows: With an Explanation and Defence of the British Covenants
http://books.google.com/books?id=AtL7HAAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

*SYMINGTON, WILLIAM (1795-1862), On the Atonement and Intercession of Jesus Christ, 1854 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #20, ISBN: 0921148976 9780921148975.
"This is the companion volume to Symington's classic MESSIAH THE PRINCE OR, THE MEDIATORIAL DOMINION OF JESUS CHRIST. In part one, we find an extensive work comparing differing views regarding the nature, necessity, matter, value, extent, and result of the atonement. Part two deals with the reality, nature, matter, properties and results of the intercessory work of Christ. Encouraging and precise. Over 300 pages." -- SWRB Nave's Topical Bible: Christ, Prayers of
http://bible.crosswalk.com/Concordances/NavesTopicalBible/ntb.cgi?number=T2807

*Thornwell, James H., Collected Writings of James Henley Thornwell (Banner of Truth, 1991), ISBN: 0524059632 9780524059630. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
Vol. I. Lectures on the Doctrine of God and on Divine Government (672 pages)
Vol. II. The Doctrines of Grace; Sermons; Discourses on Truth (632 pages)
Vol. III. Theological and Controversial; Rationalist Controversy: Reason, Revelation and Miracles; Papal Controversy; Baptism, Justification, Infallibility, the Apocrypha (824 pages)
Vol. IV. Writings on the Church: Church Officers; Church Operations; Church Disciplines; The Southern Presbyterian Church, etc., Sermons and Appendices (640 pages)
"J.W. Alexander once wrote the following of one of Thornwell's sermons, 'His sermon was a model of what is rare, viz.: burning hot argument, logic in ignition, and glowing more and more to the end.'
"Henry Ward Beecher, the famous Northern liberal minister, wrote after Thornwell's death, 'By common fame, Dr. Thornwell was the most brilliant minister in the Old School Presbyterian Church, and the most brilliant debater in the General Assembly. This reputation he early gained and never lost. Whenever he was present in the Assembly, he was always the first person pointed out to a stranger.'
"Dr. D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones said of him, 'Thornwell was one of the greatest preachers that America has ever produced'." -- SWRB
See particularly, "Relation of the State to Christ" and "National Sins: a fast-day sermon, preached in the Presbyterian Church, Columbia, Wednesday, November 21, 1860.
THE RELATION OF THE STATE TO CHRIST "is the petition of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the Confederate States of America to the Congress of the Confederate States of America, then sitting in Richmond, Virginia. It argues that though the newly formed Confederate Constitution was admirable in many respects, it still laboured 'under one capital defect,' that being that it was not 'distinctively Christian.' It asks the Confederate Congress to 'express the precise relations which the Government of these States ought to sustain to the religion of Jesus Christ.' Suggests 'the following or equivalent terms, to be added to the section providing for liberty of conscience: Nevertheless we, the people of these Confederate States, distinctly acknowledge our responsibility to God, and the supremacy of His Son, Jesus Christ, as King of kings and Lord of lords; and hereby ordain that no law shall be passed by the Congress of these Confederate States inconsistent with the will of God, as revealed in the Holy Scripture'." -- SWRB

*Tocqueville, Alexis de, Democracy in America, 2 volumes, revised edition (New York, NY: Harper and Row, 1988), ISBN: 0060915226.
Translated by Henry Reeve and revised by Francis Bowen. Edited by Philip Bradley
"Tocqueville in the early part of the 19th century was commissioned by the French government to travel throughout the United States in order to discover the secret of the astounding success of this experiment in democracy. . . . A classic of political and sociological reporting and analysis . . ." -- Publisher's Annotation
Democracy in America
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~HYPER/DETOC/home.html

Wilson, John F. (editor), Church and State in America: A Bibliographic Guide--The Civil War to the Present (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press). 90414

Woods, Dennis, Discipling the Nations (Franklin, TN: Legacy Communications, 1996).
http://www.ismellarat.com/defaultprime.htm

*Wylie, James A., History of The Scottish Nation, in 3 volumes (London, England: Hamilton, Adams, and Company and Edinburg, Scotland: Andrew Elliot, 1886), Available (PROTESTANTISM IN SCOTLAND in two volumes and THE SCOTTISH REFORMATION [TER-CENTENARY]) on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #21.
http://www.reformation.org/history1.html

*WYLIE, JAMES A., Story of the Covenant and the Service of the Covenanters to the Reformation in Christendom and the Liberties of Great Britain, 1880 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"A fine historical introduction to the battle for Godly government and liberty against the forces of anti-Christian bondage (to national sin and Satanic deception). The Covenanters are responsible, more than any other group historically, for maintaining 'the crown rights of King Jesus' -- even at peril of severe torture and the loss of their earthly lives. Their covenanting principles are still the purest and most faithful form of Christianity known to man, and the revival of these eminently Biblical views are a sure hope for the future! For a more extensive 'Camerionian' treatment of this subject: Howie's Scots Worthies." -- SWRB

See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), Justice, the theology of judgment, god's final judgment, the great white throne judgment, the day of the lord, The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, God's deliverance of nations, Covenant theology and the ordinance of covenanting, The covenant of redemption, The covenant faithfulness of god, Sexual relationship, Oaths, ensnaring (vows, promises, covenants) and bonds with the ungodly, Background and history of the covenanted reformation of scotland, The national covenant, The solemn league and covenant, The covenanted reformation of scotland short title listing, Biography of covenanters, Acts of faithful assemblies, Covenanting in america, The scottish covenanting struggle, alexander craighead, and the mecklenburg declaration, Confession of national sin and covenant renewal, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Bible magistracy, Magistracy turns back the wrath of god, Reform of the church, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, The westminster confession (1646), the westminster standards) and related works, The westminster confession of faith (1646) (the westminster standards) and related works: a study guide, Persecution, The one and the many, Unity and uniformity in the visible church: unity in the truth, Toleration, liberty of conscience, pluralism, and neutrality, Separation, The Protestant Reformation, Freedom: a gift of God's Grace, Calvinism, A theological interpretation of american history, Church and state, Conspiracy and corruption, The courts and the law base, Politics, The Counter Reformation, Politics and government, Modern myths and fallacies, The decline of American society, Spiritual warfare, The banking system

Related WebLinks

The Westminster Confession on the Relation Between Church and State, William Cunningham
http://www.westminsterconfession.org/a-godly-society/the-westminster-confession-on-the-relation-between-church-and-state.php

Relation Between Church and State, William Cunningham
http://www.westminsterconfession.org/a-godly-society/relation-between-church-and-state.php

Brief View of the Evidence for the Exercise of Civil Authority About Religion, Thomas M'Crie
http://www.westminsterconfession.org/a-godly-society/the-exercise-of-civil-authority-about-religion.php

Relation Between Church and State, William Cunningham
http://www.westminsterconfession.org/a-godly-society/relation-between-church-and-state.php

Calvin's Commentary on Hosea
http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/m.sion/calvhose.htm

Excerpts From Church and State in the United States by Philip Schaff-1888
http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/7947/ChurchState.html

American Revisions to the Westminster Confession of Faith (1789)
http://www.opc.org/documents/WCF_orig.html
Appendix A: Major Changes of the Savoy Declaration
http://www.bible-researcher.com/wescoappa.html
Appendix B: Major Changes of the PCUSA (1788-1958)
http://www.bible-researcher.com/wescoappb.html
Appendix C: Major Changes of the UPCUSA and PCUS (1958-1983)
http://www.bible-researcher.com/wescoappc.html

"The Relation of Church and State," Charles Hodge, in a Trinity Review, July/August, 1988
"Hodge was one of the greatest exponents and defenders of historical Calvinism in America during the 19th century." He was the principal of Princeton Theological Seminary between 1851 and 1878.
Read here what he says in support of the "newly discovered" relationship between Church and State in America. Then decide for yourself if he unscripturally conceded to delivering the Church into the hands of the State in the "American Version" of the Westminster Confession of Faith adopted in 1789.
The Biblical doctrine of Christian Magistracy functions correctly only when State leadership is Christian, and when the State can be depended upon to wield their sword to protect true religion. The history of the human depravity in State leadership, non-Christian leaders who destroy true religion instead of protecting it, should not cause theologians to abandon sound scriptural doctrine as stated in the original Westminster Confession of Faith (1646). Such treachery in State leadership would be far less of a problem if the writers of the US Constitution had not removed the religious test clause of Colonial constitutions. This was done in America with the adoption of the "American Version" of the Westminster Confession of Faith in 1789.
Besides arguing in support of the "American Version" of the Westminster Confession "he repudiated the unhistorical position of those who denied the validity of Roman Catholic baptism. . . Hodge supported slavery in the 1830s, and while he condemned the mistreatment of slaves he did not condemn the institution of slavery itself. The background to this attitude, however, was not primarily his understanding of the Bible's teaching on the matter, but rather his churchmanship. . . .
"In 1846, however, he became convinced that slavery was wrong, reversing his earlier anti-abolitionist stance, and he then publically denounced slavery and supported both the Abolitionist movement and President Lincoln (Adams, 2003)." American Covenanters decried the "American Version." See the Covenanter document:
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html
We love Gordon Clark, and we hold him in highest esteem, one of the great minds of the 20th Century. However, astonishingly, he seems to have adopted Hodge's position on the "American Version." This relieves the State of judicial responsibilities to preserve true religion, and delivers the Church into the hands of the State. Hence, today we have the "church effeminate" and, consequently, a destabilization of every sphere of society, including that of the Reformed Church. Could this be one reason for the failure of Church courts today?
http://www.trinityfoundation.org/journal.php?id=92

The Scottish Covenanting Struggle, Alexander Craighead, and the Mecklenburg Declaration
http://www.lettermen2.com/craig.html#scsacmd

America: A Christian Nation or a Secular Nation?
"Forming a civil government was a religious duty imposed by the God of the Bible, and hence all governments must be 'under God. . . .'
"It is the duty of all governments to endorse and promote the true religion, and make sure the statutes they pass conform to the Bible.
"Below are over 100 links to webpages with primary source evidence that the modern notion of 'separation of church and state' is a myth. That slogan has nothing to do with churches, and really means 'the separation of God and state.' Our goal is to persuade you that America was intended to be a Christian nation."
http://members.aol.com/VFTfiles/A-T3.htm

Discipling the Nations by Dennis Woods
http://www.ismellarat.com/defaultprime.htm

The Historicism Research Foundation
http://www.historicism.net

Treason the New World Order
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ISBN%3D0945946147/minnesotaminutemA/102-7479358-0428823



A Theological Interpretation of American History

See the Theological Notes, "God Reigns: Divine Sovereignty," at Daniel 4:34, page 1339, in The Reformation Study Bible

Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear. (Hebrews 11:3)
"Ideas have consequences."

Piety commands that the law and church of God be maintained. Justice requires that tyrants and destroyers of the commonwealth be compelled to reason. Charity challenges the right of relieving and restoring the oppressed. Those who make no account of these things do as much as in them lies to drive piety, justice, and charity out of this world, that they may never more be heard of. -- Junius Brutus

Of course, the influence of theology on corporate bodies has its counterpart in influence of theology on the lives of individuals. For example, see Howie's appendix titled `The Judgment and Justice of God' (which chronicles God's judgments upon Reformation apostates and those who persecuted the Covenanters) in Howie, John, THE SCOTS WORTHIES. BIOGRAPHIA SCOTICANA: OR, A BRIEF HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF THE LIVES, CHARACTERS, AND MEMORABLE TRANSACTIONS OF THE MOST EMINENT SCOTS WORTHIES, 2ND EDITION, CORRECTED AND ENLARGED, 1781, listed below.

Bauer, Jerald C. (editor), Religion and the American Revolution (Philadelphia, PA: Fortress Press, 1976).
"Shows how Puritanism and revivalism were prime forces in the development of the heart and mind that characterized the American Revolution. Controversial." -- Cyril J. Barber

*CALVIN, JOHN, The Necessity of Reforming the Church (1543). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available in Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library. Available in The Church Effeminate and Other Essays.
Available free online.
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/NRC_ch00.htm

Calvin's Commentary on Hosea
http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/m.sion/calvhose.htm
Calvin's Commentary on Zechariah and Malachi
http://www.ccel.org/ccel/calvin/calcom30.html
Knox, the Covenanters, and the Westminster Assembly (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997). "Great historical teaching, Singer at his best! (3 audio cassettes)" -- SWRB
The Covenanted Reformation of Scotland Short Title Listing
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9chb.html#crsstl
*Baxter, Richard, William Lamont (editor) A Holy Commonwealth (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1994). ISBN: 0521405807.
"A HOLY COMMONWEALTH is Richard Baxter's invisible masterpiece." -- William Lamont
Contains 380 theses on government with commentary when available.
*HOWIE, JOHN, The Scots Worthies. Biographia Scoticana: or, A Brief Historical Account of the Lives, Characters, and Memorable Transactions of the Most Eminent Scots Worthies . . . As also, an appendix, containing a short historical hint of the wicked lives . . . of the . . . apostates and . . . persecutors in Scotland . . . 2nd edition, corrected and enlarged, 1781 (Glasgow: Printed by John Bryce, and sold at his shop opposite Gibson's-Wynd, Salt-market, 1781) and (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). A Christian classic.
The full book and the book series of 22 MP3 files, produced by Still Waters Revival Books, may be found on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678.
This same book series of audio files is availabe at AudioSermons.com.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/search.asp?seriesOnly=true&currSection=sermonstopic&sourceid=swrb&keyword=Book%3A+SCOTS+WORTHIES&keyworddesc=Book%3A+SCOTS+WORTHIES
Biographia Scoticana, John Howie
Original from Oxford University, published 1885, digitized May 22, 2006. Described as a reprint of the 1781 edition.
http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC34190563&id=5iwAAAAAQAAJ&q=Scots+Worthies+1781&dq=Scots+Worthies+1781&ie=ISO-8859-1&pgis=1
(Gale: Eighteenth Century Collection Online [ECCO.] Gale Document Number CW3300757473). English Short Title Catalog, ESTCT110333.
"Most commonly known as SCOTS WORTHIES, this edition contains Howie's footnotes (defending the Covenanters) and Howie's appendix titled `The Judgment and Justice of God' (which chronicles God's judgments upon Reformation apostates and those who persecuted the Covenanters). It is the only edition in print which contains both these sections intended for publication by the author (as later editors often removed either one or both of these parts of this book). BIOGRAPHIA SCOTICANA covers the history of `noblemen, gentlemen, ministers and others from Mr. Patrick Hamilton, who was born about the year of our Lord 1503, and suffered martyrdom at St Andrews, Feb, 1527, to Mr. James Renwick, who was executed in the Grass-market of Edinburgh, Feb. 17, 1688. Together with a succinct account of the lives of other seven eminent divines, and Sir Robert Hamilton of Preston, who died about, or shortly after the Revolution.' This is one of our best history books (over 700 pages), covering all of the major Scottish Reformers. Howie summarizes his book as follows: `The design of the following was to collect, from the best authorities, a summary account of the lives, characters, and contendings, of a certain number of our most renowned SCOTS WORTHIES, who, for their faithful services, ardent zeal, constancy in sufferings, and other Christian graces and virtues, deserve honourable memorial in the Church of Christ; and for which their names have been, and will be savoury to all the true lovers of our Zion, while Reformation principles are regarded.' Furthermore, the momentous nature of the struggles chronicled in this book are succinctly noted when Howie writes: `the primitive witnesses had the divinity of the Son of God, and an open confession of Him, for their testimony. Our reformers from Popery had Antichrist to struggle with, in asserting the doctrines of the Gospel, and the right way of salvation in and through Jesus Christ. Again, in the reigns of James VI. and Charles I., Christ's REGALIA, and the divine right of Presbytery, became the subject matter of their testimony. Then, in the beginning of the reign of Charles II. (until he got the whole of our ancient and laudable constitution effaced and overturned), our Worthies only saw it their duty to hold and contend for what they had already attained unto. But, in the end of this and the subsequent tyrant's reign, they found it their duty (a duty which they had too long neglected) to advance one step higher, by casting off their authority altogether, and that as well on account of their manifest usurpation of Christ's crown and dignity, as on account of their treachery, bloodshed, and tyranny . . . which may be summed up. The Primitive martyrs sealed the prophetic office of Christ in opposition to Pagan idolatry. The reforming martyrs sealed His priestly office with their blood, in opposition to Popish idolatry. And last of all, our late martyrs have sealed His kingly office with their best blood, in despite of supremacy and bold Erastianism. They indeed have cemented it upon His royal head, so that to the world's end it shall never drop off again.' Moreover, the importance of this book can be clearly seen when Johnston, in TREASURY OF THE SCOTTISH COVENANT, reports that, Walter Scott refers to Howie as `the fine old chronicler of the Cameronians'. . . Howie's book has been for upwards of a century a household word, occupying a place on the shelf beside THE BIBLE and THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.' Written for God, country and the covenanted work of Reformation. Stirring history!" -- SWRB
See also: Thomson, John Henderson (editor), A CLOUD OF WITNESSES FOR THE ROYAL PREROGATIVES OF JESUS CHRIST BEING THE LAST SPEECHES AND TESTIMONIES OF THOSE WHO HAVE SUFFERED FOR THE TRUTH IN SCOTLAND SINCE . . . 1680 (Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle Publications) and JOHN FOXE'S BOOK OF MARTYRS. ACTES AND MONUMENTS OF MATTERS MOST SPECIALL AND MEMORABLE, the second edition of Foxe's Book of Martyrs Variorum Edition Online (version 1.1 - summer 2006).

Potter, William, Providential Battles: Twenty Battles that Changed the World (Audio CD), (Vision Forum, October 9, 2006), ISBN: 193343130X.
"In this four-part album, "Providential Battles", Christian historian William Potter provides a providential interpretation of twenty of the greatest military battles in the world, which altered the course of history, serving strategic roles in God's unfolding plan. Including battles from ancient history, to the fall of Constantinople to the Turks, to the American War for Independence, to the Alamo and Civil War events, Mr. Potter presents a panorama of providential military highlights. This album concludes with the mysteries of providence that engulfed the Axis powers of WWII in the air, on land, and at sea. 257 minutes on 4 CDs." -- Publisher Annotation

Powell, Jim, Wilson's War: How Woodrow Wilson's Great Blunder led to Hitler, Lenin, Stalin, and World War II (Crown Forum, March 29, 2005).
*Robbins, John W., (editor) The Church Effeminate and Other Essays (Unicoi, TN: The Trinity Foundation, 2002), ISBN: 0940931540 9780940931541.
Contents: Robbins: The Church; Witherow: The Apostolic Church; Ryle: The True Church; Lloyd-Jones: The Primacy of Preaching; Adams: Preaching to the Heart; Ryle: The Fallibility of Ministers; Crampton: Exclusive Psalmody; The Geneva Service Book of 1556: Scripture and the Ordering of Worship; Miller: The Christian Education of the Children and Youth in the Presbyterian Church; Calvin: The Teachers of the Church; Clark: The Presbyterian Doctrine of Ordination; Warfield: Paul on Women Speaking in Church; Clark: The Ordination of Women; Robbins: The Church Effeminate; Luther: On the Councils and the Church; Hodge: The Relation of Church and State; Calvin: The Roman Church-State; Dostoyevsky: The Grand Inquisitor; Burroughs: Episcopacy; Witherspoon: Secrets of Church Polity; McFetridge: Calvinism and the Church; Chan: The New Babylonian Captivity of the Church; Robbins: The Reconstructionist Road to Rome; a Lasco: The Abolition of Vestments; Hanko: Ought the Church to Pray for Revival? Hodge: The Great Revival of Religion, 1740-1745; Luther: The Power of the Word; Clark: What Is Evangelism? Clark: Art and the Gospel; Calvin: The Necessity of Reforming the Church; Ryle: Idolatry; Ryle: Pharisees and Sadducees; Machen: The Good Fight of Faith; Ryle: Apostolic Fears; Machen: The Separateness of the Church; Robbins: The Sin of Signing Ecumenical Declarations; M'Crie: Fundamentalism and Ecumenism; Calvin: The Unity of the Church; Robbins: The Church Irrational; Index; Scripture Index.
The Necessity of Reforming the Church (1543), by John Calvin
This is an online document.
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/NRC_ch00.htm
Calvin's Commentary on Hosea
http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/m.sion/calvhose.htm

Woodrow Wilson is one of the foremost examples of the gave consequences to society of ignoring the doctrines of the Sovereignty of God and of the Total Depravity of Man. Wilson was the son of a Princeton trained Presbyterian Pastor and a scholar who became President of Princeton, and later President of the United States. His Presidency was one of the worst in American history and marked the beginning of a tragic national liberal downspin. It is a political example of the destructive consequence to individuals and nations of liberal theology gone awry -- the abandonment of sound doctrine and Christian magistracy. See:
Time-line of decline in American society after World War I
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9chc.html#suffrage.
"Wilson was born to religious and well-educated people, mainly of Scottish background. Wilson's father, Joseph Ruggles Wilson, studied for the clergy at the Presbyterian directed Princeton University. He married Janet Woodrow, and early in the 1850s the Wilsons moved to Virginia, where he became minister of a church in Staunton. There, in 1856 Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born, the first son and third child. . . .
"Wilson was the only professional academic to become president. He began his career teaching history and political science at Bryn Mawr College in 1885 and moved to Wesleyan University in Connecticut in 1888. Two years later he went to Princeton, where he quickly became the most popular and highest-paid faculty member. In 1902 he was the unanimous choice to become president of Princeton." -- Miland Brown in "Woodrow Wilson: A Brief Biography," http://www.libraryreference.org/wilson.html
"When formal theological seminaries were organized, one of the first was the Theological Seminary of the Presbyterian Church at Princeton, New Jersey, where instruction began in 1812 [Rules and Precepts That Are Observed in the College at Cambridge in Massachusetts Bay, September 26, 1642 now known as Harvard University) show the centrality of Christ at the oldest college in America. The Regulations at Yale College (1745) show the centrality of Calvinism and the Westminster Confession (1646) in Colonial higher education.-- sk]. Founded by the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, the seminary held to the Westminster Confession of Faith and Catechisms as its doctrinal standards.
"Princeton excelled under the leadership of distinguished teachers who devoted themselves vigorously and effectively to the development, propagation, and maintenance of the Reformed faith. Among those best known as teachers of the great scriptural system of theology set forth by Princeton's first professor Archibald Alexander were Charles Hodge, J.A. Alexander, B.B. Warfield, and J. Gresham Machen.
"But eventually a movement surfaced to end Princeton's adherence to scriptural theology, and in 1929 Princeton Theological Seminary was reorganized under modernist influences.
"Among the Princeton faculty who loved the Reformed faith were Robert Dick Wilson, J. Gresham Machen, Oswald T. Allis, and Cornelius Van Til. Almost immediately after Princeton's reorganization, these four men founded Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia, and, with others who were invited to join the teaching staff, continued the exposition and defense of the Reformed faith." -- "History" at Westminster Theological Seminary website
"[Woodrow] Wilson had been engaged for several years to Ellen Louise Axson, and they were married in June 1885. Proficient and lively, Ellen proved the perfect mate for her husband. She gave him unqualified support and helped free his mind from everyday pressures. The couple had three daughters [see below-- sk] . . . .
"In June 1916 the Democrats renominated Wilson. Their platform emphasized peace, and argued that Wilson had kept the United States out of the war. The Republicans nominated Charles Evans Hughes, a former governor of New York with an honored record of reform, and an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. On election night Hughes appeared to have had won, but as the returns came in from California in the early morning hours, the race went to Wilson, who won the state by a mere 1983 votes. [Sound similar to Election 2000? Perhaps a recount would have changed Election 1916. The Lucitania was sunk. Wilson then broke his campaign promise to keep the United States out of the war. Americans were not impassioned enough to enlist in the military, and Wilson instituted compulsory conscription.-- sk]" -- Miland Brown in "Woodrow Wilson: A Brief Biography," (www.libraryreference.org/wilson.html)
A partial time-line:
1758 The reunion of the Old Side and the New Side of American Presbyterian Church. "This signaled the end of the influence of Calvinism in American Politics."
1787 There were two conventions in Philadelphia: the Constitution Convention and a convention of the Presbyterian Church.
1788 "In 1787-88, American Presbyterians revised the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) in order to make it conform to the political pluralism that also lay behind the U.S. Constitution,(26) which was being ratified at the same time that the presbyteries were voting for the revision of the Confession. The Presbyterians removed that clause in Chapter XXIII:3 which had authorized the civil magistrate to call a synod for advice.(27) [The resulting confession is known as "The American Version." Changes were also made to 20-4, 22-3, 23-3,24-4, 25-6 and 31.2. The American Version is found in A Guide to the Westminster Standards: Confession of Faith and Larger Catechism, James Bordwine, (Unicoi, TN: The Trinity Foundation, 1996) with the text of the original Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) printed in italics for comparison. These and future revisions removed Christian Magistracy from the Confession (WCF 1646) and essentially emasculated Christianity and set aside Christ's Crown and Covenant. Conveniently this removed churchmen and laymen from the battlefront of standing for Christ's Crown and Covenant. From then on American Presbyterians could "have their cake and eat it too." What has followed has been a precipetous decline in American society. Covenanters prescribe to the original Confession of 1646 that upholds Christ's Crown and Covenant. See "The Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) (The Westminster Standards) and Related Works: A Study Guide" http://www.lettermen2.com/suggest.html which is a Covenanter document.-- sk] This was one of the last traces of the theocratic Calvinism of the Scottish Covenanters -- or Calvin's theocratic Calvinism, for that matter. . . ." -- Gary North
1788 Ratification: U.S. Constitution, revised Westminster Confession. For a detailed discussion see "Authority: Biblical, Confessional, Ecclesiastical" in Crossed Fingers: How the Liberals Captured the Presbyterian Church, by Gary North http://entrewave.com/freebooks/docs/html/gncf/Chapter03.htm
1812 The Theological Seminary of the Presbyterian Church at Princeton, New Jersey, began instruction. "Founded by the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, the seminary held to the Westminster Confession of Faith and Catechisms as its doctrinal standards." Probably the "American Version" of 1789. -- sk
1856 Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born in Staunton, Virginia, the son of a Presbyterian preacher educated at Princeton.
1885 Woodrow Wilson married Ellen Louise Axson.
1886 Margaret Woodrow Wilson was born. She was devoted to social causes and "studied the religious classics of India extensively." She became fascinated by the writing of Sri Aurobindo during a visit to the New York City Library. (Mira Richards, The Mother on Aurobindo) "She eventually traveled to Pondicherry, India, [in 1941] where she lived in the ashram of Sri Aurobindo, a contemporary of Gandhi." There she was a personal assistant to Aurobindo and The Mother and typed Aurobindo's manuscripts for the IDEAL OF HUMAN UNITY. (Mira Richards, The Mother on Aurobindo) "Never married, she died of uremia on April 24, 1944 [about three years after first arriving-- sk], and is buried in the Protestant cemetery at the ashram in Pondicherry."
1890 Wilson went to Princeton, where he quickly became the most popular and highest-paid faculty member.
1902 Wilson "was the unanimous choice to become president of Princeton" University. Margaret Wilson would have been six years old.
1903 Westminster Confession revised againt (universal love of God); Establishment of the Committee on Church Cooperation. "(The final trace was the Confession's assertion that the failure to take an oath to a lawful authority is a sin [XXII:3]. That provision was abandoned in the 1903 revision, and Machen's Orthodox Presbyterian Church did not restore it in 1936.) From that time on, Presbyterians became defenders of a secularized republican order. They believed that God's civil covenant could be made on a common-ground confessional basis, without a mandatory covenantal civil oath, operating under a providential natural law order that did not mandate Trinitarian confession. . . . From that time on, Presbyterians became defenders of a secularized republican order." -- Gary North
1906 J. Gresham Machen joins Princeton's faculty.
1908 Federal Council of Churches (FCC) begins; led by Roberts Presbyterian Church reorganized.
1913 The presidency and administration of Woodrow Wilson begins (1913-1921). Margaret Wilson would have been 27 years old. See "The Non-duality of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother: A Profile."
1913 Ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment authorizes income tax; the Federal Reserve System was passed into law.
1914 Wilson's first wife dies in August. World War I breaks out in August. Wilson remarried in December to Edith who was like his first wife.
1916 The National Women's Party is founded. Margaret Wilson 30 years old.
1916 "In June 1916 the Democrats renominated Wilson. Their platform emphasized peace, and argued that Wilson had kept the United States out of the war. The Republicans nominated Charles Evans Hughes, a former governor of New York with an honored record of reform, and an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. On election night Hughes appeared to have had won, but as the returns came in from California in the early morning hours, the race went to Wilson, who won the state by a mere 1983 votes. [Sound similar to Election 2000? Perhaps a recount would have changed Election 1916. The Lucitania was sunk. Wilson then broke his campaign promise to keep the United States out of the war. Americans were not impassioned enough to enlist in the military, and Wilson instituted compulsory conscription.-- sk]" -- Miland Brown in "Woodrow Wilson: A Brief Biography," (www.libraryreference.org/wilson.html)
1917 United States joins Allies in European fighting of World War I; Bolsheviks led by Lenin seize power in Russia; women picket the White House for the right to vote. Margaret was 31.
1917 Compulsory conscription enacted.
1919 The League of Nations is founded [under the Treaty of Versailles "to promote international cooperation and to achieve peace and security."]; Margaret Wilson was 33 when the League of Nations was formed in 1919, so the philosophy of Sri Aurobindo could have been influential in the founding of the League of Nations. Margaret 36 years old. "The League of Nations ceased its activities after failing to prevent the Second World War."
1919 The Communist Party of America is founded; Benito Mussolini introduces fascism in Italy; the first public birth control clinic is opened in Brooklyn, New York; Margaret Sanger is arrested for operating a birth control clinic. Margaret Wilson is 33.
1919 Wilson had a near bread down in September. In October he suffered a massive stroke.
1920 The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) founded by Roger Baldwin, Crystal Eastman, Albert DeSilver, and others, some of whom were avowed Communists.
1920 Women win the right to vote with ratification of the Nineteen Amendment; the League of Women Voters is founded. Margaret Wilson 34 years old.
1921 Wilson leaves the White House a broken man. Warren G. Harding became President.
1921 Margaret Sanger establishes the American Birth Control League, the predecessor of Planned Parenthood. Margaret Wilson 35 years old.
1922 Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is established; Mussolini is named prime minister of Italy.
1923 Machen's CHRISTIANITY AND LIBERALISM published. The Pew Charitable Trust sent a copy to every pastor in America.
1923 Adolf Hitler forms National Socialist Party in Germany.
1924 Wilson died.
1924 about 1300 ministers of the United Presbyterian Church in the United States of America "signed and circulated the Auburn Affirmation, a document that denied the infallibility of Scripture and asserted that the Virgin Birth, the miracles of Christ, his Atonement, and Resurrection were unessential." Margaret Wilson 38 years old.
1924 The first U.S. gay rights organization, the Society for Human Rights, is founded in Chicago; Joseph Stalin succeeds Lenin as leader of Soviet Union; new Chinese government is formed with communist members.
1925 John T. Scopes is convicted of teaching the theory of evolution; Tennessee bans the teaching of evolution.
1929 Princeton Theological Seminary was reorganized under modernist influences.
1929 "Almost immediately after Princeton's reorganization, these four men [Robert Dick Wilson, J. Gresham Machen, Oswald T. Allis, and Cornelius Van Til-- sk] founded Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia, and, with others who were invited to join the teaching staff, continued the exposition and defense of the Reformed faith." -- Westminster Theological Seminary
1929 The stock market crashes, beginning the Great Depression.
1933 President Franklin Roosevelt closes all U.S. banks; New Deal legislation is passed including the establishment of the National Recovery Administration and the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); the Twenty-first Amendment, ending Prohibition, is passed.
1935 President Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act.
1936 "The signers of the Auburn Affirmation showed that they had captured the church by reorganizing Princeton Seminary and placing one of the signers on its governing board, by electing one of their number Moderator of the General Assembly and, what was decisive, by excommunicating those ministers who had insisited on maintaining the Westminster Standards in practice. Thus ministers who rejected the Scripture and all it contains were given authority, while men who believed the Bible and all it contains were ejected as disturbers of the peace. Since that day the Westminster Confession has been a dead letter in that denomination. . . ." -- Gordon H. Clark
1941 Margaret Wilson, at age 55, "traveled to Pondicherry, India, where she lived in the ashram of Sri Aurobindo, a contemporary of Gandhi." There she was a personal assistant to Aurobindo and The Mother, and she typed Aurobindo's manuscripts for the IDEAL OF HUMAN UNITY. (Mira Richards, The Mother on Aurobindo)
1942 The United States enters World War II.
1944 Wilson's, oldest child, Margaret Woodrow Wilson died at age 58. She "never married, she died of uremia on April 24, 1944 [about three years after first arriving-- sk], and is buried in the Protestant cemetery at the ashram in Pondicherry." See "The Non-duality of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother: A Profile."
1945 Representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. Because Margaret Wilson was devoted to social causes, and because she was the daughter of Woodrow Wilson, who was President during the formation of the League of Nations in 1919 (she was then 33), it could be expected that the philosophy of Sri Aurobindo as expressed in THE IDEAL OF HUMAN UNITY (which Margaret typed for Sri Aurobindo as his personal assistant between 1941-1944) and which was published under the same cover with Aurobindo's WAR AND SELF DETERMINATION, may also have been influential in the formation of the United Nations.
1962 The Supreme Court bars school prayer.
1963 The Supreme Court bars mandatory Bible reading in public schools.
1963 The United States enters the Vietnamese Conflict.
1965 The Supreme Court holds that the "right of privacy" covers the use of contraceptives.
1969 The Stonewall rebellion, at a bar in New York City, starts the modern gay rights movement.
1971 The Twenty-sixth Amendment is ratified, lowering the national voting age from 21 to 18.
1972 The Supreme Court rules the death penalty unconstitutional. This ruling was later reversed in 1976.
1973 In the Roe v. Wade decision the Supreme Court rules that a state may not prevent a woman from having an abortion during the first six months of pregnancy.
1982 The Supreme Court bars posting of the Ten Commandments in schools.
1987 Robert Bork is nominated by President Reagan to the Supreme Court but withdraws in the face of strong opposition.
1993 William Clinton elected President. Poles show majority of Americans are pro-abortion.
Janet Reno sworn in as the first female Attorney General; cult leader David Koresh and many followers die in a Texas compound fire: President Clinton touches off controversy with his attempt to end the ban on homosexuals in the military; suspect arrested in bombing that killed six at the World Trade Center in New York City;
1994 The John Birch Society experienced a "tidal wave of growth, recruiting averaged 79 percent higher than in 1993, literature sales in 1994 were double that of two years earlier, and subscriptions to The New American doubled in 25 months."
1997 President William Clinton is re-elected for a second term; Reproductive rights and gun control are campaign issues; repeated attempt to outlaw partial-birth abortion failed in Congress during the Clinton administrations.
2000 Approximately 35 million American children have been killed in the womb since Roe v. Wade in 1973; approximately 35 million aliens have entered the United States since 1973.
2001 George W. Bush elected President. Poles show that the majority of Americans are anti-abortion. Americans are still unable to overturn Roe v. Wade apparently due to liberal Supreme Court Justices, appointed by liberal Presidents, elected by a liberal electorate, composed of 50 percent women voters.
The number of abortions performed in the United States reaches 35 million. The number of abortions performed world-wide reaches 750 million, more lives than have been lost in all the wars of history.
2005 Approximately 43 million American children have been killed in the womb of their mothers since Roe v. Wade in 1973;
Woodrow Wilson's first child, Margaret Woodrow Wilson (1886-1944) was devoted to social causes and "studied the religious classics of India extensively." She became fascinated by the writing of Sri Aurobindo during a visit to the New York City Library. (Mira Richards, The Mother on Aurobindo) "She eventually traveled to Pondicherry, India, [in 1941] where she lived in the ashram of Sri Aurobindo, a contemporary of Gandhi." There she was a personal assistant to Aurobindo and The Mother and typed Aurobindo's manuscripts for the IDEAL OF HUMAN UNITY. (Mira Richards, The Mother on Aurobindo) "Never married, she died of uremia on April 24, 1944 [about three years after first arriving-- sk], and is buried in the Protestant cemetery at the ashram in Pondicherry."
Margaret was 33 when the League of Nations was formed in 1919, so the philosophy of Sri Aurobindo could have been influential in the founding of the League of Nations. "The League of Nations ceased its activities after failing to prevent the Second World War."
The United Nations Conference on International Organization met in San Francisco in 1945 to draw up the United Nations Charter. Because Margaret was devoted to social causes, and because she was the daughter of Woodrow Wilson, who was President during the formation of the League of Nations in 1919 (she was then 33), it could be expected that the philosophy of Sri Aurobindo as expressed in THE IDEAL OF HUMAN UNITY (which Margaret typed for Sri Aurobindo as his personal assistant between 1941-1944) and which was published under the same cover with Aurobindo's WAR AND SELF DETERMINATION, may also have been influential in the formation of the United Nations.
Call Me Unaccountable: Woodrow Wilson and George Bush, Paul Craig Roberts
"Declaring Wilson to be 'the worst president in American history,' Powell makes a strong case that the rise of the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany were unintended consequences of Wilson's arrogance."
http://www.lewrockwell.com/roberts/roberts100.html
The Non-duality of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother: A Profile
http://www.lettermen2.com/syncret.html
"Timeline of the liberalization of the Presbyterian Church" in Crossed Fingers by Gary North
http://entrewave.com/freebooks/docs/html/gncf/timeline.htm
Heresies Defined and the Necessity of Heresies Explained, by George Gillespie, Scottish Commissioner to the Assembly of Divines at Westminster
http://www.truecovenanter.com/gillespie/ggilles09.html
Clark, Gordon H. Clark, John W. Robbins (editor), Historiography: Secular and Religious (Unicoi, TN: The Trinity Foundation, 1994).
"The Christian doctrine of the sovereignty of God transformed the world's view of history, investing it with a meaning, importance, and grandeur that pagan historiography could never achieve. History is the unfolding of God's purpose and plan. Because God is rational, because God is sovereign, history is not a tale told by an idiot. "The Bible is not only the earliest history book, it is also the most reliable. Centuries before the famed historians of Greece and Rome, Moses had already written the definitive account of mankind's early history as revealed to him by God. The account was not exhaustive, for no history can be, but it contained all that God wished it to contain and nothing else. God, writing through Moses, has given us true history. "HISTORIOGRAPHY SECULAR AND RELIGIOUS will introduce the reader to the principles and problems of historiography and, in so doing, begin to suggest what an enormous debt we owe to the Bible in the study of history." -- Publisher's Annotation
*Robbins, John W., (editor) "Christ and Civilization," 2nd edition (Unicoi, TN: The Trinity Foundation), ISBN: 1891777246 9781891777240.
"A new 48-page booklet. Includes a complete listing (in an additional 16 pages) of the books currently available from The Trinity Foundation."
"Christ and Civilization"
http://www.trinityfoundation.org/PDF/200a-ChristandCivilization.pdf
The thing to be done? Apparently, pickup where David Steele (1803-1887) left off with the Reformed Presbytery (America). The Reformed Presbytery in North American has reconstituted the Reformed Presbytery of David Steele.
The Revolution Settlement of the Church of Scotland: Its Provisions, in several Respects, Inconsistent with the Approved Principles of the Second Reformation, 1841, John Graham
Lectures on the Principles of the Second Reformation
http://www.covenanter.org/RPScotland/Principles/lecturesonsecondref.htm#contents
A Summation of who the Steelites Covenanters are, part 1, post 14052 by Edgar Ibarra on The Covenanted Reformation Club Forum
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/covenantedreformationclub/message/14052
A Summation of who the Steelites Covenanters are, part 2, post 14059 by Edgar Ibarra on The Covenanted Reformation Club Forum
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/covenantedreformationclub/message/14059
A Summation of who the Steelites Covenanters are, part 3, post 14060 by Edgar Ibarra on The Covenanted Reformation Club Forum
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/covenantedreformationclub/message/14060
Reformation Principles Re-Exhibited: An Historical Witness and Brotherly Entreaty. Summary and Analysis of Changes within Terms of Communion of the Reformed Presbyterian Churches of Scotland and America from 1761 to the Present, and a Particular Analysis and Testimony Against the Present Day RPCNA, by Greg Barrow and Larry Birger, Jr., August 5, 2002
http://www.reformedpresbytery.org/books/rpcna/rpcna.htm
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html
"Meeting Reconstituting the Reformed Presbytery (Covenanters) in North America (RPNA)" (Edmonton, Alberta, Canada" Still Waters Revival Books), an audio file.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?sermonID=71402231350
The Reformed Presbytery in North America (RPNA)
The RPNA are Steelite Covenanters. They prescribe to the original Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) which upholds the magistracy of Christ.
http://www.reformedpresbytery.org/index.html
"The Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) (The Westminster Standards) and Related Works: A Study Guide"
http://www.lettermen2.com/suggest.html
Reformed Presbytery in North America (RPNA, and related books and documents on Presbyterian Reformed teaching)
http://www.swrb.com/Puritan/reformed-presbytery-rpna.htm
The Albany Covenanted Reformed Presbyterian Church
http://www.albanycrpc.org/
The Reformed Presbytery in North America -- Congregations
http://www.ecn.ab.ca/prce/churches.html
PRICE, GREG, Biblical Civil Government Versus the Beast; and, the Basis for Civil Resistance (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1996).
"This is the best modern testimony for the biblical principles of civil magistracy -- which were so prominent during the height of the second Reformation -- that we have seen. . . ." -- SWRB
Biblical Civil Government Versus the Beast; and, the Basis for Civil Resistance, Greg Price
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/BibCG_GP.htm
Unity and Uniformity in the Visible Church: Unity in the Truth
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9cha.html#vcunity
Are the Covenanters a Cult?" by Michael Wagner, PhD
http://www.swrb.com/Puritan/covenanters-no-cult.htm
Mandated use of The Scottish Metric Psalter (1650): A Public Request for Clarification From The Reformed Presbytery in North America (RPNA) (General Meeting)
http://www.lettermen2.com/pricemp.html

*REFORMED PRESBYTERY (AMERICA, "STEELITE"), DAVID STEELE (1803-1887), JOHN THORBURN (1730?-1788), JOHN COURTASS (d. 1795), et al., Act, Declaration, And Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To, And Established In, Britain and Ireland; Particularly Betwixt The Years 1638 and 1649, Inclusive. As, Also, Against All The Steps Of Defection From Said Reformation, Whether In Former Or Later Times, Since The Overthrow Of That Glorious Work, Down To This Present Day (1876), (A new edition of the Ploughlandhead Testimony of 1761, the subordinate standard of the "Steelite" Reformed Presbytery, 1850). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678.
"Upholds the original work of the Westminster Assembly and testifies to the abiding worth and truth formulated in the Westminster family of documents. Upholds and defends the crown rights of King Jesus in church and state, denouncing those who would remove the crown from Christ's head by denying His right to rule (by His law) in both the civil and ecclesiastical spheres. Testifies to the received doctrine, government, worship, and discipline of the Church of Scotland in her purest (reforming) periods. Applies God's Word to the Church's corporate attainments 'with a judicial approbation of the earnest contendings and attainments of the faithful, and a strong and pointed judicial condemnation of error and the promoters thereof' (The Contending Witness magazine, Dec. 17/93, p. 558). Shows the church's great historical victories (such as the National and Solemn League and Covenant, leading to the Westminster Assembly) and exposes her enemies actions (e.g. the Prelacy of Laud; the Independency, sectarianism, covenant breaking and ungodly toleration set forth by the likes of Cromwell [and the Independents that conspired with him]; the Erastianism and civil sectarianism of William of Orange, etc.). It is not likely that you will find a more consistent working out of the principles of Calvinism anywhere. Deals with the most important matters relating to the individual, the family, the church and the state. Sets forth a faithful historical testimony of God's dealings with men during some of the most important days of church history. A basic text that should be mastered by all Christians." -- SWRB
Act, Declaration, And Testimony (1876)
http://www.covenanter.org/RefPres/actdeclarationandtestimony/acttitle.htm
Act, Declaration, & Testimony for the Whole of our Covenanted Reformation (1876 Reformed Presbytery, America, Steelite)
The Project Gutenberg text was prepared by members of The Reformed Presbytery North America using the Reformed Presbytery (America, Steelite) text of the 1876 edition.
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/13200/13200.txt
The electronic text found at ManyBooks.com is the Project Gutenberg text.
http://manybooks.net/pages/presbyteryr13201320013200-8/0.html

Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #1
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=81907517162
Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #2
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=926071233170
Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #3
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=92707111830
Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #4
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=927071140420
*Robbins, John W., Ecclesiastical Megalomania: The Economic and Political Thought of the Roman Catholic Church (Unicoi, TN: The Trinity Foundation), ISBN: 0940931753 9780940931756.
"This book is a detailed examination of the official statements of the Vatican on economic and political matters. It demonstrates the collectivism and totalitarianism of the Roman Catholic Church-State. It is the only such book written by a Christian in the twentieth century.
"This book explores the conflict between Roman Catholic social thought and human freedom, relying on official pronouncements from the Vatican to show that the political and economic theory of the Roman Church-State justifies feudalism, corporativism, liberation theology, the welfare state, and fascism.
"Dr. John W. Robbins attended Grove City College (A.B. 1969) and The Johns Hopkins University (M.A. 1970, Ph.D. 1973). He has served as chief of staff for a Member of Congress [Ron Paul of Texas], editor of The Freeman magazine, Economist for The Heritage Foundation, and Professor of Political Philosophy in The Freedom School." -- Publisher's Annotation
Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Knox, Samuel Rutherford, John Owen, Thomas Manton, The Westminster Assembly, James Renwick, Archibald Mason, Christopher Ness, Francis Turretin, The Reformed Presbytery, David Steel, James R. Willson, Alexander M'Leod, William L. Roberts, James Aiken Wylie, Andrew Wilet, Henry Wilkinson, James Wylie, Patrick Fairbairn, James Aiken, Andrew Wilet, Alexander Hislop, Francis Nigel Lee, Arthur W. Pink, and so forth, and so on, have all believed and argued in print that the seated Pope is the Anti-Christ of the Bible.
The Roman Church-State is "the world's oldest, largest, most powerful and most influential politico-ecclesiastical institution" and it "may also be the world's wealthiest."

*Singer, C. Gregg, A Theological Interpretation of American History 1994 edition, 354 pages (Greenville, SC: A Press, 1994, 1981, 1975, 1974, 1964), ISBN: 0875524265 9780875524269. A Christian classic.
This book portrays "the influence of theology and the changing doctrines in the life of the church on the pattern of American political, constitutional, social and economic development.
"The author shows that the decline of constitutional government in this country is the result of the departure from historical Christian faith and the resulting rise of alien political philosophies. Particularly does he emphasize the intimate relationship between theological liberalism on the one hand and political, social, and economic liberalism on the other. This theological liberalism has been a major agent in the decline of the Constitution in the political life of the people and in the appearance of a highly centralized government." -- Publisher's Annotation
"There is between the democratic philosophy and theological liberalism a basic affinity which has placed them in the same camp in many major political struggles.
"This condition exists because theological liberalism shares the basic postulates of the democratic philosophy. . . .
"Theological liberalism at heart has been a continuing protest against Calvinism, particularly against its insistence on the Sovereignty of God and the Total Depravity of the race. These two Biblical doctrines have often proved to be a stumbling block to theologians within the church as well as to the unbelieving world.
"The result of theological liberalism has been the movement away from constitutionalism and away from liberty, and a movement toward collectivistic society and totalitarian regime." -- C. Gregg Singer, A Theological Interpretation of American History, p. 290
See also: "John Knox, the Scottish Covenanters, and the Westminster Assembly" (tape 3 of 5 in a series of addresses "History Notes on Presbyterianism, Reformation, and Theology") by Dr. C. Gregg Singer on SermonAudion.com
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12607114250
See also:
Dr. C. Gregg Singer at SermonAudio.com (161 messages)
http://www.sermonaudio.com/search.asp?SpeakerOnly=true&currSection=sermonsspeaker&Keyword=Dr.^C.^Gregg^Singer
"The Erastian Revolution, anno 1689, was "utterly inconsistent with the covenanted constitution of the Reformed Church of Scotland, anno 1648."
In fact, the relationship between Church and State has been in decline since 1661. "In early 1661 . . . the Scottish Parliament passed the Act Rescissory, which established the king as supreme judge in all matters civil and ecclesiastical, and which made owning the covenants [National and Solemn League] unlawful. These acts undid all the works of Reformation from 1638 to 1650 and made it high treason to acknowledge Jesus Christ as head of the church. . . ." See Act, Declaration, And Testimony, 1876, Part II.
Another turning point occurred in 1758 with the reunion of the Old Side and the New Side of American Presbyterian Church. "This signaled the end of the influence of Calvinism in American Politics." For a detailed discussion see:
"From Old School to New School" in Crossed Fingers: How the Liberals Captured the Presbyterian Church, by Gary North
http://entrewave.com/freebooks/docs/html/gncf/Chapter02.htm
An example of the positive influence of theological doctrine on American political development is the Presbyterian General Assembly meeting in 1774, in which the Assembly instructed local congregations to press for the dissolution of ties with Great Britain. The result was a flood of resolutions, the most important of which was the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence which became a pattern for our national Declaration of Independence. See, James Geddes Craighead (1832-1895), Scotch and Irish Seeds in American Soil the Early History of the Scotch and Irish Churches, and Their Relations to the Presbyterian Church of America ATLA 1988-0622
In 1787 there were two conventions in Philadelphia: the Constitution Convention and a convention of the Presbyterian Church. "In 1787-88, American Presbyterians revised the Westminster Confession of Faith [know as the "American Version (1789)"] in order to make it conform to the political pluralism that also lay behind the U.S. Constitution,(26) which was being ratified at the same time that the presbyteries were voting for the revision of the Confession. The Presbyterians removed that clause in Chapter XXIII:3 which had authorized the civil magistrate to call a synod for advice.(27) This was one of the last traces of the theocratic Calvinism of the Scottish Covenanters -- or Calvin's theocratic Calvinism, for that matter. (The final trace was the Confession's assertion that the failure to take an oath to a lawful authority is a sin [XXII:3]. That provision was abandoned in the 1903 revision, and Machen's Orthodox Presbyterian Church did not restore it in 1936.) From that time on, Presbyterians became defenders of a secularized republican order. They believed that God's civil covenant could be made on a common-ground confessional basis, without a mandatory covenantal civil oath, operating under a providential natural law order that did not mandate Trinitarian confession. Obedience to this natural order, they believed, would bring national prosperity.(28) This was the liberal worldview of English Whig politics, and no group in America was more dedicated to defending it than the Presbyterians.(29)" -- Gary North, Crossed Fingers, p. 106
Many scholars consider alterations to the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646), originally compiled by the Westminster Assembly of Divines, to be a "reverse plagiarism," an alteration of the original document by someone beside the author, and then passed off to the public, under the orginal title, as the work of the original authors. "Plagiarize: to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own use (a created production) without crediting the source; to commit literary theft: present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source." (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary)
Revisers have altered the content of the original WCF (1646), have removed key doctrine related to Christ's Crown and Covenant, and yet have retained the name given by the Westminster Assembly. Consequently, revisers have deceived many in the Church into believing that their alterations are the work of the Westminster Assembly of Divines in 1646.
Most Presbyterian and Reformed denominations and seminaries today prescribe to the Westminster Confession of Faith (1789), the "American Version." Ideas have consequences. Because theology is truth, when men delete or alter key doctrines, or replace sound doctrine deducted from God's infallible Word by logic, with human imaginations, then the course of history is changed.
For a detailed analysis of the devastating consequences to American history caused by non-Biblical alterations in the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) and non-Biblical alterations to constitutional government in the United States see the following:
"A Theological Interpretation of American History"
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9chc.html#stiahis
In Great Britain the Independents and Calvinistic Baptists edited the Westminster Confession (1646) for their own use, but they gave the new confessions a different name, the Savoy Declaration and the Baptist Confession. Certainly this was the honest procedure.
"In 1788 the U.S. Constitution and the revised Westminster Confession were ratified. For a detailed discussion see:
"Authority: Biblical, Confessional, Ecclesiastical" in Crossed Fingers: How the Liberals Captured the Presbyterian Church, by Gary North
http://entrewave.com/freebooks/docs/html/gncf/Chapter03.htm
See also the following:
Appendix A: Major Changes of the Savoy Declaration
http://www.bible-researcher.com/wescoappa.html
Appendix B: Major Changes of the PCUSA (1788-1958)
http://www.bible-researcher.com/wescoappb.html
Appendix C: Major Changes of the UPCUSA and PCUS (1958-1983)
http://www.bible-researcher.com/wescoappc.html
Preface to Confession and Catechisms of the Orthodox Presbyterian Church (OPC)
http://opc.org/documents/Preface.pdf
"Trinitarianism Verses Polytheism: Unresolved Questions of Article VI, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution"
http://members.aol.com/vtpa/pvtpa001.html
Selection of Covenant Heads for Positions of Leadership
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9chc.html#covenantheads
"Timeline of the liberalization of the Presbyterian Church" in Crossed Fingers by Gary North
http://entrewave.com/freebooks/docs/html/gncf/timeline.htm
A THEOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF AMERICAN HISTORY, Chapter 6, "Theological Liberalism After 1920 and its Political Consequence."
Time-line of decline in American society after World War I
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9chc.html#suffrage.
PRICE, GREG, Biblical Civil Government Versus the Beast; and, the Basis for Civil Resistance (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1996).
"This is the best modern testimony for the biblical principles of civil magistracy -- which were so prominent during the height of the Second Reformation -- that we have seen. Price documents the teachings of many of the major Reformers (and some of the church fathers) and in an easy reading manner simplifies what can at times become a very complex subject. This particular Reformation message, proclaiming Christ's Kingship over the nations (and the practical outworking of the same), has been buried from the view of the general public for some time now, but is once again being brought to light in this very helpful introductory book. A sobering appendix has been added (written by a friend of the covenanted Reformation) which shows why it is unlawful for a Christian to swear any oath to uphold and defend the U.S. Constitution. This appendix also compares the points of difference between classic (or historic) Reformed teaching and modern Reformed teaching regarding magistracy and religion. Special attention is given to the OPC, the PCA and the RPCNA and the changes that these groups have made to second Reformation confessional standards (concerning matters related to the civil magistrate). Statements by B.B. Warfield are also contrasted to the older Reformed views. You won't find a better easy-to-read and easy to understand introduction to this important topic -- a topic which impacts directly on every Christian's testimony for the crown rights of King Jesus!" -- SWRB
"It is this author's contention that the modern churches have let go of this important piece of the faith [Christ's Kingship over the nations-- sk] once for all delivered to the saints. Thereby they have delivered the church, not to kings as nursing fathers, but to the cruel civil domination of the enemies of the true religion, their sheep being taught that they must submit passively to every pretended civil authority as the ordinance of God. By this defection, these leaders of the flock have also undermined the magistracy, allowing and even encouraging wicked men to remove this blessed ordinance from its foundation in God its creator, and from its subjection to Christ His King, thereby directly opposing God's benevolent ends in instituting civil government: 'Thus have [they] made the commandment of God of none effect by [their] tradition. . . . teaching for doctrines the commandments of men' (Matt. 15:6, 9). Furthermore, by their false teaching regarding civil government, they have made themselves guilty of the very sin of which we are often accused: opposing the ordinance of God. If this wasn't enough, however, consider that their sin is worse than that of the garden variety rebel, inasmuch as their opposition to God's institution is not so much practical as it is principal; and because of their position as teachers and guides of the flock of God. 'Be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation. . . . For we can do nothing against the truth, but for the truth' (James 3:1; II Cor. 13:8). -- Greg Price (Biblical Civil Government Verses the Beast, p. 64)
Biblical Civil Government Versus the Beast; and, the Basis for Civil Resistance, Greg Price
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/BibCG_GP.htm
After 1920 "Forces of liberalism were able to gain a commanding position in the liberal arts colleges and seminaries run by most of the major denominations. . . .
"The denial of the inspiration and infallibility of the Scripture proved to be tantamount to a rejection of their doctrinal authority; one by one, the great evangelical doctrines of the past were rewritten in such a way as to be scarcely recognizable. . ." -- C. Gregg Singer, A Theological Interpretation of American History, p. 187
"The basic issue is the reduction of the total scope of government, on both the federal and state level, to those spheres which are clearly conferred upon it by the Scriptures, and the surrender of those extra-Biblical powers which liberal political philosophies and practice have given to it during the last one hundred years or so. . . .
"When Jesus Christ returns, this span of history will cease. Perhaps at this point the cleavage between the biblical position and the views of Hegel, Marx, Spengler, Toynbee, and other contemporaries, becomes most obvious. The modern mind simply cannot accept the idea that humanity does not control its own destiny. It refuses to believe that the ultimate manifestation of the glory of Jesus Christ is beyond all human manipulation, whether they be statesmen or educators. It denies that the sovereign Ruler of the universe will bring all sinful humanity to judgment in a final accounting for its long history of willful rebellion against His righteousness, goodness, and mercy." -- Gregg C. Singer
The roots of liberty and limited government are in the Protestant Reformation. We believe the key to the maintenance of liberty and limited government are to be found in the Scottish covenanting struggle.

Swancara, Frank, Thomas Jefferson Versus Religious Oppression.
"Swancara was a journalist, wrote book in his old age, apparently had an obsession with 'religious oppression,' Jefferson was a hero of his, he actually studied the collection of Jefferson's library, Jefferson gave it to the Library of Congress when it was formed.
"Swancara was godless and argued everything from the wrong side, but it is the best listing of public documents and legislation calling for religious tests for office holders that I have seen, goes back to English law which prohibited a man from being a member of Parliment unless he believed there was going to be a final judgement and our actions have eternal consequences. Swancara unwittingly produced a valuable work for the reformer." -- Reader's Comment

*Thornwell, James H., Collected Writings of James Henley Thornwell (Banner of Truth, 1991), ISBN: 0524059632 9780524059630. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
Vol. I. Lectures on the Doctrine of God and on Divine Government (672 pages)
Vol. II. The Doctrines of Grace; Sermons; Discourses on Truth (632 pages)
Vol. III. Theological and Controversial; Rationalist Controversy: Reason, Revelation and Miracles; Papal Controversy; Baptism, Justification, Infallibility, the Apocrypha (824 pages)
Vol. IV. Writings on the Church: Church Officers; Church Operations; Church Disciplines; The Southern Presbyterian Church, etc., Sermons and Appendices (640 pages)
"J.W. Alexander once wrote the following of one of Thornwell's sermons, 'His sermon was a model of what is rare, viz.: burning hot argument, logic in ignition, and glowing more and more to the end.'
"Henry Ward Beecher, the famous Northern liberal minister, wrote after Thornwell's death, 'By common fame, Dr. Thornwell was the most brilliant minister in the Old School Presbyterian Church, and the most brilliant debater in the General Assembly. This reputation he early gained and never lost. Whenever he was present in the Assembly, he was always the first person pointed out to a stranger.'
"Dr. D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones said of him, 'Thornwell was one of the greatest preachers that America has ever produced'." -- SWRB
See particularly, "Relation of the State to Christ" and "National Sins: a fast-day sermon, preached in the Presbyterian Church, Columbia, Wednesday, November 21, 1860.
THE RELATION OF THE STATE TO CHRIST "is the petition of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the Confederate States of America to the Congress of the Confederate States of America, then sitting in Richmond, Virginia. It argues that though the newly formed Confederate Constitution was admirable in many respects, it still laboured 'under one capital defect,' that being that it was not 'distinctively Christian.' It asks the Confederate Congress to 'express the precise relations which the Government of these States ought to sustain to the religion of Jesus Christ.' Suggests 'the following or equivalent terms, to be added to the section providing for liberty of conscience: Nevertheless we, the people of these Confederate States, distinctly acknowledge our responsibility to God, and the supremacy of His Son, Jesus Christ, as King of kings and Lord of lords; and hereby ordain that no law shall be passed by the Congress of these Confederate States inconsistent with the will of God, as revealed in the Holy Scripture'." -- SWRB

See also: The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Sin and its consequence: physical and spiritual death, Unfaithful reformed ministries, Unfaithful reformed ministries, Toleration the enemy of truth, Conspiracy and corruption, A selection of works on pseudo-Christian movements

Related WebLinks

"The Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) (The Westminster Standards) and Related Works: A Study Guide"
http://www.lettermen2.com/suggest.html

The Covenanted Reformation of Scotland Short Title Listing
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9chb.html#crsstl

"John Knox, the Scottish Covenanters, and the Westminster Assembly" (tape 3 of 5 in a series of addresses "History Notes on Presbyterianism, Reformation, and Theology") by Dr. C. Gregg Singer on SermonAudion.com
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12607114250

Works of C. Gregg Singer
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr3ch.html#cgsinger

The Reformation in England 1 of 2 (the Providential Historical Preparation for the Westminster Assembly)
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12607144153

The Reformation in England 2 of 2 (and America)
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=126071623510

"Timeline of the liberalization of the Presbyterian Church" in Crossed Fingers by Gary North
http://entrewave.com/freebooks/docs/html/gncf/timeline.htm

PRICE, GREG, Biblical Civil Government Versus the Beast; and, the Basis for Civil Resistance (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1996).
"This is the best modern testimony for the biblical principles of civil magistracy -- which were so prominent during the height of the second Reformation -- that we have seen. . . ." -- SWRB
Biblical Civil Government Versus the Beast; and, the Basis for Civil Resistance, Greg Price
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/BibCG_GP.htm

A Letter From George Whitefield to the Rev. Mr. John Wesley in Answer to Mr. Wesley's Sermon Entitled "Free Grace"
In George Whitefield: The Life and Times of the Great Evangelist of the 18th Century Revival, 2 volumes (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust), ISBN: 0851510264 9780851510262 085151300X 9780851513003.
Arnold Dallimore explains in detail how Wesley's possibly contrived difference with Whitefield over "sinless perfection" had the effect of carving out a 'spiritual empire' for John Wesley and of bringing him to pre-eminence.
See also "Iain Murray on Whitefield and Wesley."
http://www.spurgeon.org/~phil/wesley.htm

Iain Murray on Whitefield and Wesley
"This article first appeared in the 1960 edition of Whitefield's Journals, published by The Banner of Truth Trust. Here Iain Murray discusses the historical background that led to George Whitefield's famous letter to John Wesley."
http://www.spurgeon.org/~phil/wesley/murray.htm

Doctrinal Aberration, Signs of Abuse, and Negligence in the Reformed Church
http://www.lettermen2.com/reformab.html

The Biblical Solution to Terrorism
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrrappd.html#terror



Background and History of the Covenanted Reformation of Scotland

See the Theological Notes, "God's Pattern for Worship," at 1 Chronicles 16:29 in The Reformation Study Bible.

See the Theological Notes, "The Greatness of God," at 1 Chronicles 29:11 in The Reformation Study Bible.

See the Theological Notes, "The Wisdom and Will of God," at Daniel 2:20 in The Reformation Study Bible

Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackclothes, and earth upon them. And the seed of Israel separated themselves from all strangers, and stood and confessed their sins, and the iniquities of their fathers. And they stood up in their place, and read in the book of the law of the LORD their God one fourth part of the day; and another fourth part they confessed, and worshipped the LORD their God.
Then stood up upon the stairs, of the Levites, Jeshua, and Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani, and Chenani, and cried with a loud voice unto the LORD their God. Then the Levites, Jeshua, and Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabniah, Sherebiah, Hodijah, Shebaniah, and Pethahiah, said,
Stand up and bless the LORD your God for ever and ever:
And blessed be thy glorious name, which is exalted above all blessing and praise. Thou, even thou, art LORD alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee.
Thou art the LORD the God, who didst choose Abram, and broughtest him forth out of Ur of the Chaldees, and gavest him the name of Abraham; And foundest his heart faithful before thee, and madest a covenant with him to give the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Girgashites, to give it, I say, to his seed, and hast performed thy words; for thou art righteous:
And didst see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heardest their cry by the Red sea; And shewedst signs and wonders upon Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land: for thou knewest that they dealt proudly against them. So didst thou get thee a name, as it is this day. And thou didst divide the sea before them, so that they went through the midst of the sea on the dry land; and their persecutors thou threwest into the deeps, as a stone into the mighty waters. Moreover thou leddest them in the day by a cloudy pillar; and in the night by a pillar of fire, to give them light in the way wherein they should go.
Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments: And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant: And gavest them bread from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and promisedst them that they should go in to possess the land which thou hadst sworn to give them.
But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and hearkened not to thy commandments, And refused to obey, neither were mindful of thy wonders that thou didst among them; but hardened their necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage: but thou art a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not.
Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, and said, This is thy God that brought thee up out of Egypt, and had wrought great provocations; Yet thou in thy manifold mercies forsookest them not in the wilderness: the pillar of the cloud departed not from them by day, to lead them in the way; neither the pillar of fire by night, to shew them light, and the way wherein they should go. Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst. Yea, forty years didst thou sustain them in the wilderness, so that they lacked nothing; their clothes waxed not old, and their feet swelled not.
Moreover thou gavest them kingdoms and nations, and didst divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon, and the land of the king of Heshbon, and the land of Og king of Bashan. Their children also multipliedst thou as the stars of heaven, and broughtest them into the land, concerning which thou hadst promised to their fathers, that they should go in to possess it. So the children went in and possessed the land, and thou subduedst before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, and gavest them into their hands, with their kings, and the people of the land, that they might do with them as they would. And they took strong cities, and a fat land, and possessed houses full of all goods, wells digged, vineyards, and oliveyards, and fruit trees in abundance: so they did eat, and were filled, and became fat, and delighted themselves in thy great goodness.
Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great provocations. Therefore thou deliveredst them into the hand of their enemies, who vexed them: and in the time of their trouble, when they cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and according to thy manifold mercies thou gavest them saviours, who saved them out of the hand of their enemies.
But after they had rest, they did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and many times didst thou deliver them according to thy mercies; And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them;) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear. Yet many years didst thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by thy spirit in thy prophets: yet would they not give ear: therefore gavest thou them into the hand of the people of the lands. Nevertheless for thy great mercies' sake thou didst not utterly consume them, nor forsake them; for thou art a gracious and merciful God.
Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the terrible God, who keepest covenant and mercy, let not all the trouble seem little before thee, that hath come upon us, on our kings, on our princes, and on our priests, and on our prophets, and on our fathers, and on all thy people, since the time of the kings of Assyria unto this day. Howbeit thou art just in all that is brought upon us; for thou hast done right, but we have done wickedly: Neither have our kings, our princes, our priests, nor our fathers, kept thy law, nor hearkened unto thy commandments and thy testimonies, wherewith thou didst testify against them. For they have not served thee in their kingdom, and in thy great goodness that thou gavest them, and in the large and fat land which thou gavest before them, neither turned they from their wicked works.
Behold, we are servants this day, and for the land that thou gavest unto our fathers to eat the fruit thereof and the good thereof, behold, we are servants in it: And it yieldeth much increase unto the kings whom thou hast set over us because of our sins: also they have dominion over our bodies, and over our cattle, at their pleasure, and we are in great distress. And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal unto it. (Nehemiah 9)

See Isaiah 40:1--55:13 and annotations in The Reformation Study Bible

In the final analysis, all modern ills, spiritual and temporal, are traceable to our continuing departure from the principles of the Second Reformation. . . . In particular, I am convinced that the Lord will not bless a church at peace with his enemies. Our departure from truth has led to our undernourished condition as a church; truth, as Thornwell argued, is the only food that the soul can digest.
It does no good to blame society or the church for our deficiencies before the Lord because Christ holds men, not churches and states, accountable. In the words of Hugh Miller, "Churches, however false and detestable, are never to be summoned to the bar of judgment. . . . To Christ, as his head and king, must every man render an account."
The great heresy of our times is that all men are children of God. Those within the church have lost their identity as a people of God, united in spirit and purpose. We have adopted the half-truths of our fathers for which Judah faced punishment: "Because they have despised the law of the Lord, and have not kept his commandments, and their lies caused them to err, after which their fathers have walked" (Amos 2:4b). Nevertheless, Christ loves his church, and he will see to it that his bride is prepared (Ephesians 5:27) for the great banquet. Based on the history of God's people, the needed corrections will result from either prayer or persecution, leading the people to renew their covenant promises. Let us pray that God's kingdom come, and let us covenant to fulfill our obligations to be his people. When persecution comes, let us pray that we would stand as firm as did the Scottish Covenanters. When covenanting comes, let us praise the Lord, for only in him will we stand firm. Let us ever strive to make it possible for our children to utter one of James Nisbet's praises, "O my soul! Bless and praise the Lord that I was born in a land where the glad tidings of the everlasting gospel are published and pressed with so much purity and plainness." This should be our prayer, "Turn us again, O God, and cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved" (Psalm 80:3). -- Edwin Nesbit Moore, from the conclusion to Our Covenant Heritage

The Treasury of David, Psalm 89, C.H. Spurgeon
http://www.spurgeon.org/treasury/ps089.htm

The Treasury of David, Psalm 147, C.H. Spurgeon
http://www.spurgeon.org/treasury/ps147.htm

Aiton, J., The life and times of Alexander Henderson, giving a history of the second reformation of the Church of Scotland, and of the covenanters, during the reign of Charles I. 1836
The Life and Times of Alexander Henderson: Giving a History of the Second Reformation of the Church of Scotland, and of the Covenanters, During the Reign of Charles I
http://books.google.com/books?id=fEIRAAAAIAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

Anderson, John, The Bass Rock: martyrs of the Bass, 1847

Anderson, John, The footsteps of the flock, 1843,

Anderson, William (1805-1866), The Scottish nation; or, The surnames, families, literature, honours, and biographical history of the people of Scotland (Edinburgh [etc.] Thomas C. Jack, 1882), ISBN: 0788402455 9780788402456.

*ANDERSON, WILLIAM, The Voice of Renwick, The Last of the Scottish Martyrs, 1882. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"A rare work setting forth the stirring story of the young minister and martyr James Renwick. It explains the main points (of Covenanted Reformation) for which he and many other Covenanters suffered and died. Also makes practical applications which can be applied to today. -- SWRB

ANONYMOUS, Articles of Military Discipline, Edinburgh, 1639

Anonymous, An Attestation to the testimony of our reverend brethren of the province of London to the truth of Jesus Christ, and to our Solemn League and Covenant as also against the errours, heresies, and blasphemies of these times, and the toleration of them, resolved on by the ministers of Cheshire, at their meeting May 2, and subscribed at their next meeting, June 6, 1648

Anonymous, A brief account of the moral and political acts of the kings and queens of England, from William the Conqueror to the Revolution in the year 1688. . . . London, 1793.

Anonymous, The concurrent testimony of the ministers in the county of VViltes, with their reverend brethren the ministers of the province of London, to the truth of Jesus Christ, and to the solemn league and covenant: as also, against the errors, heresies, and blasphemies of these times, and the toleration of them, 1648

Anonymous, The declarations of the witnesses that survived the late persecution. Published at Sanquhair. ... Paisley, 1778.

Anonymous, A dissenting presbytery. The Vindication of Mr. James Gilchrist, Minister of the Gospel at Dunscore.
http://www.truecovenanter.com/kirkgovt/gilchrist_james_vindication.html

ANONYMOUS, Eschol grapes or, some of the ancient boundaries, and covenanted march stones, set up by kirk and state, in the days when they acted for the Lord, ... betwixt 1638 and 1649. ... ([Edinburgh?]: Printed in the year, 1708).

Anonymous, Good newes from the assembly in Scotland, novv sitting in consultation, concerning their ecclesiasticall government in the church.: Exhibited to this Parliament in England, concerning this present reformation in England, with their heartie desires this ensuing treatise may be forthwith enacted; for the satisfaction of all good subjects, here or elsewhere. From Edenburgh, August 4. 1642. Scotland. (London: printed for J. W., 1642).

ANONYMOUS, The grand indictment of high-treason exhibited against the Marques of Argyle, 1661.

Anonymous, The Hearty concurrence of divers citizens and inhabitants of the city of London with the ministers of the province thereof to their testimony, to the truth of Jesus Christ and to our solemn League and Covenant: as also against the errours, heresies and blasphemies of these times, and the toleration of them, 1648,

ANONYMOUS, A Modest Apology for the Conduct of Seceders, in Refusing to Join in Christian Communion with Sectarians, Latitudinarians, etc., Who Have Departed From the Purity of Reformation Once Attained to in these Kingdoms (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"An exceedingly rare work published in 1773. Sets forth a strong case for separation from all bodies that are backslidden from the work of covenanted reformation, as it was attained during the days of the Westminster Assembly, and as set forth in the Westminster Confession of Faith [1646] and its related documents (regarding the government, worship, doctrine and discipline of Christ's church). Denounces the 'detestable indifference or neutrality' of not maintaining covenant obligations, which bind all reformers, 'to endeavour the extirpation of all superstition, heresy, schism, and whatsoever should be found contrary to sound doctrine.' Also proves that there is no liberty or love that is contrary to God's Word. Maintains Christian charity throughout by distinguishing between loving the persons in error, and taking part with, or encouraging them in their sinful confederacies or actions. A great work on the subjects of purity, faithfulness and separation. It is in keeping with the sentiments expressed in the Reformed Presbytery's Act, Declaration and Testimony which states: 'The first cry against the presbytery and its members was -- 'schism -- schismatics.' This charge was promptly and publicly met and refuted, by showing from the Scriptures, that schism -- 'is in the body,' 1 Cor. 12:26; and from the approved writings of our covenanting fathers, that 'sometimes to avoid schism, we must separate.' Our worthy ancestors knew better than to adopt the vocabulary of papal Rome. Besides, 'the majority making defection are the real separatists'. (Samuel Rutherford)" -- SWRB

*BAILLIE, ROBERT (David Laing, editor), Letters and Journals of Robert Baillie, 3 volumes, 1841 edition, ISBN: 0921148984 9780921148982. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Five, CD #25. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #17, Christian classic.
"Baillie was one of the Scottish delegates to the Westminster Assembly and these volumes cover the period from 1637 to 1662 -- some of the most momentous days in the history of the Reformed faith. These letters contain an intimate insider's look at these days of international religious drama, national covenants, and the writing of the greatest religious Confession ever given to men, the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646). A major source for 17th century Church history and a totally unique compilation -- peering into the very heart of Reformation!" -- SWRB
Volume one only of above.
"Contains Baillie's letters and journal entries covering the period from 1637 to 1641. The appendix includes "Original Letters and Papers, Chiefly Relating to Ecclesiastical Affairs in Scotland, 1633 to 1639."
Volume two only of above.
"Contains letters covering the period from 1642 to 1646. The appendix includes 'Original Letters and Papers, Chiefly Relating to Ecclesiastical Affairs in Scotland, 1639 to 1646.'
Volume three only of above.
"Contains letters covering the period from 1647 to 1662. The appendix includes 'Original Letters and Papers, Chiefly Relating to Ecclesiastical Affairs in Scotland, 1647 to 1661.' This volume also includes a glossary, an index of names and the memoir of the life and writings of Robert Baillie. Of special note are pages 525-557, which contain 'Notices Regarding the Metrical Version of the Psalms Received By the Church of Scotland,' where we see the historical validity of the Reformed practice of exclusive Psalmody, from the place occupied by the Psalter printed in Geneva in 1556, right up to the 'Psalter debates' that took place during Westminster Assembly." -- SWRB

BAILLIE, ROBERT (1599-1662) The Unlawfulness and Danger of Limited Prelacy, or Perpetual Presidency in the Church, 1641. Additional Title: The unlavvfulnesse and danger of limited episcopacie. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #23, ISBN: 092114816X 9780921148166.
"A defense of: Henderson, Alexander. THE VNLAVVFULNES AND DANGER OF LIMITED PRELACIE."

*BARROW, GREGORY, The Covenanted Reformation Defended Against Contemporary Schismatics (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1998), 318 pages. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, #19, #23, #27, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678.
A primer for the Covenanted Reformation, this is the best starting point for the new reader. It organizes the hundreds of Covenanted Reformation reprints into a logical defense of the theological landmarks established by our forefathers, with copious bibliographic references, many to e-text. An extraordinary document.
"Unsurpassed on points related to the Lord's supper and covenanting (as set forth by the best Reformers and best Reformed churches). Especially strong on citations from Calvin and the Westminster Assembly. Deals with many foundational aspects of the Covenanted Reformation (which gave us the Westminster Standards and the Solemn League and Covenant) from numerous original source documents (from the Westminster Assembly's advice to the English Parliament on the Lord's Supper to the official records of Calvin's Covenanting in Geneva). Comprehensive and compelling, this is a shocking (and sometimes advanced) look at what really took place during both the first and second Reformations -- with extensive quotations from the writings of the major Reformers (not just quotes from what others have written about them). It conclusively and irrefutably demonstrates that those churches which today call themselves Presbyterian (and even many which claim a more general Reformed heritage) have seriously departed from the Scriptural standards, principles and worship of these previous Spirit-led Reformations. It is written in an easy-to-read and easy-to-understand format and is an unsurpassed work that should not be missed by anyone interested in real Reformation in our day. This is without a doubt the best book to read if you want to understand what it means to be a Covenanter and to walk in the blood-stained footsteps of the witnessing church (Christ's Covenanted and Reformed flock) (Song 1:8)!" -- SWRB
Publisher's Preface to The Covenanted Reformation Defended Against Contemporary Schismatics
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/pub_pref.htm
Eschewing Ecclesiastical Tyranny (Protestant Biblical Separation)
"1 Corinthians 2:15. The classic Reformation position on biblical separation, Protestant private judgment, the visible church, etc. -- contra Antichrist (the Papacy) and wayward liberal Protestants. This is Appendix G from THE COVENANTED REFORMATION DEFENDED: 'A brief examination of Mr. Bacon's principles regarding the visible church and the use of private judgment. Also, some observations regarding his ignoble attack upon Mr. Kevin Reed in his book entitled The Visible Church in the Outer Darkness'." -- SWRB
The Covenanted Reformation Defended, e-text
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/CovRefGB.htm
The Covenanted Reformation Defended, audio files
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?sermonID=7702201426
The Covenanted Reformation Defended Against Contemporary Schismatics: A Response and Antidote Primarily to the Neopresbyterian Malignancy and Misrepresentations and the Manufactured 'Steelite' Controversy, Found in Richard Bacon's "A Defense Departed ..."
http://books.google.com/books?id=LG5EHQAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

BOSTON, THOMAS, The Complete Works of the Reverend Thomas Boston, volumes 1-12. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #6, ISBN: 0921148771 9780921148777. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Two, CD #8.
The Whole Works of the Late Reverend and Learned Mr. Thomas Boston, Minister of the Gospel at Etterick
http://books.google.com/books?id=bgdKAAAAMAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

*BOSTON, THOMAS, The Marrow of Modern Divinity (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27 ISBN: 0921148240 9780921148241. Also available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #22. "Jeremiah Burroughs states,' If thou wilt pursue this little book, thou shalt find great worth in it.' First printed in 1645, this controversial book was read in 1700 by Thomas Boston and had a profound influence on his ministry. Boston added copious notes to this edition, which was reprinted in 1718. His notes, which are often longer than the text, are an invaluable addition to this work. Its contents are largely taken from the works of the Reformers and English Puritans. Three members of the Westminster Assembly wrote recommendations to the Marrow. Part one of the book, 'The Covenant of Grace and the Covenant of Works,' is definitely one of the best explanations of covenant theology in the English language. Part two is 'An Exposition of the Ten Commandments.' 'The marrow of the second bone (part),' said Caryl, 'is like that of the first, sweet and good. The commandments of God are marrow to the saints, as well as the promises; and they shall never taste the marrow of the promise who distaste the commandments. This little treatise breaketh the bone, the hard part of commandments, by plain exposition, so that all, even babes in Christ, yea, such as are yet out of Christ, may suck out and feed upon the marrow by profitable meditation.' This section on the commandments is practical and powerful -- guarding against the antinomian heresy. This whole book (of 400 pages) is in beautiful condition and this edition contains the appendix by John Brown of Haddington." -- SWRB

*BROWN, JOHN (of Wamphray, 1610?-1679), Corporate Sanctification: Holding Fast the Attainments of Reformation. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678.
"An overview of the Covenanter doctrine of reformation attainments by one of the great Covenanter theologians. Helpful in dispelling false charges of Anabaptism and perfectionism laid at the feet of faithful Covenanters by schismatics. John Brown was one of Samuel Rutherford's best students." -- SWRB
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/attain.htm

*BURGES, CORNELIUS, The First Sermon Preached to the Honorable House of Commons now Assembled in Parliament at Their Public Fast, Nov. 17, 1640 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"A beautifully clear facsimile copy of this amazing sermon (published by order of the British House of Commons in 1641), exhorting this Parliament to 'stand to the covenant' of God; by, 'endeavouring of a further Sanction of, and stronger Guard about our true Palladium, the true Religion, already established among us; in the perfecting of the Reformation of it; in the erecting, maintaining, protecting, and encouraging of an able, godly, faithful, zealous, profitable, Preaching Ministry, in every Parish Church and Chapel throughout England and Wales; in interceding to the Kings sacred Majesty for the setting up of a Faithful, Judicious, and Zealous Magistracy, where yet the same is wanting, to be ever at hand to back such a Ministry: without either of which, not only the power of Godliness will sooner degenerate into formality, and zeal into lukewarmness; but Popery, Arminianism, Socinianism, Profaneness, Apostasy, and Atheism itself will more and more crowd in upon us, and prevail against us, do You all You can be all other means.' Points out that where a godly ministry and magistracy are lacking, society degenerates into a godless mob, headed by one of the above named heresies -- as we have seen in our day. Presses national covenant renewal, from Jer. 50:5, and explains from scripture how and why this should take place. Cites many biblical examples of the great Scriptural blessing that has followed previous national covenanting; while making practical application to the situation of the day. This sermon foreshadows chapter 23, of the celebrated Westminster Confession of Faith [1646], on 'the Civil Magistrate,' and gives much insight into this watershed period of Christian political development. It is highly recommended for anyone even remotely interested in seeing their nation prosper politically and ecclesiastically. Furthermore, it will be a great help for anyone seeking to formulate a biblical doctrine explaining the four way relationship between: loving God with all your heart, soul, strength and mind; Jesus Christ as mediator; the everlasting covenant (and covenanting); and the state, as set forth in Scripture. A very rare item. A Covenanter's delight! 70 pages." -- SWRB

*BURGESS, ANTHONY (d. 1664?), The Reformation of the Church, To Be Endeavoured More Than That of the Commonwealth, 1645 28 pages. Available on Puritan Bookshelf CD #21. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Two, CD #9.
"A 'Sermon preached before the Right Honourable House of Lords at the publicke Fast, August 27, 1645,' (notes the cover) during the days of the sitting of the Westminster Assembly. Can you image these words (which are just a small sample from the preface to the godly exhortation contained in this sermon) directed, by request of the civil magistrate, to the leaders of your nation? Burgess writes, 'It was my endeavour in this Sermon to excite your Lordships to a speedy and exact Reformation of the Church from all the corruptions that have defiled her, and herein to attend unto God's Word, as the only starre that will conduct unto Christ. None are too great to undertake so good a work. Gregory said of David dancing before the Ark, Magis miror Davidum saltantem, quam pugnantem, David is to be more admired in his religious worship of God, than in his courageous conquest and slaughter of the Philistines, or other enemies. Hence, Jer. 9:23,24. where glory in wisdome, riches and might is forbidden, there is a kinde of an holy pride allowed in the knowledge of the Lord. Let Heathens glory, that they are saluted by the Common-wealth, Patres Pariae; but let those Christians, whom God honoureth with dignity and place, delight to be nursing Fathers to the Church, by speaking comfortably unto those who teach the good knowledge of God; and by commanding the Levites to carry all the filthiness out of the Temple. Which that your Lordships may faithfully and zealously doe, is the prayer of Your Lordships humble Servant, Anthony Burgesse'." -- SWRB

*BURGESS, ANTHONY (d. 1664?), Vindiciae Legis: or, A Vindication of the Moral Law and the Covenants, from the Errors of Papists, Arminians, Socinians, and more especially, Antinomians, 1647 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), EEBO.
" 'A nonconformist clergyman,' Burgess 'was a member of the (Westminster) Assembly of Divines. Ejected at the Restoration . . . his works are much valued and have become very scarce' (Darling, Cyclopedia Bibliographica, p. 439). This book contains 30 lectures preached at London 'against the antinomian errours of the times.' It is the second edition corrected and augmented. Burgess says that he wrote to 'maintain the dignitie and use of the Morall Law against late errours about it.' Taking on all the errorists listed in the subtitle Burgess also notes that he has 'endeavoured to give the Law its due, and the Gospel its due, remembering that of Luther . . . He that knoweth how to distinguish between Law and Gospel, let him give thanks to God, and know he is a Divine' (i.e. a scholar of Scripture -- RB). An exceedingly rare item that sells for over $300 a copy on the rare book market. This book should be read by everyone in the Protestant Reformed church (or anyone who must deal with them) as it demolishes their (i.e. Protestant Reformed) errors concerning covenants -- especially in regard to their denial (and disregard for the biblical, 'Westminster' view) of the covenant of works. Some of its 62 chapter heads include: 'What a man cannot do by the power of nature;' 'Whether there are any antecedaneous works upon the heart before grace;' 'What does this Image (of God in man -- RB) consist;' 'Whether God did enter into a covenant with Adam;' 'How God can be said to covenant, or enter into a promise with man;' What Law this delivered in Mount Sinai is, and what kind of laws there are, and why it's called the Moral Law;' Whether this Law repeated by Moses, be the same with the law of nature implanted in us;' 'Why God gave the Moral Law;' Whether the Law be an instrument of sanctification;' 'Whether the Law be a covenant of grace;' Wherein the Law and Gospel do oppose or differ from each other; under which is handled the false differences between the Law and Gospel made by Anabaptists, Papists, and Antinomians;' 'Whether the Law command faith;' 'How Christ is the end of the Law.' Indexed." -- SWRB

*Calumy, Edmund (1671-1732), and Samuel Palmer (editor), The Nonconformist's Memorial, 1802 (3 vols.), ISBN: 0781206243. OCLC: 747889 seems to be the prefered edition. E-test available OCLC: 220202826. A Christian classic. See also, Benjamin Brook, Lives of the Puritans.
"Edmund Calamy (1678-1732), a dissenting minister in London and a historian, was the son and grandson of puritan ministers inside the Church of England. Both of them, along with hundreds of others, were expelled from their church livings for their refusal to submit to the 1662 Act of Uniformity. This event, the so-called 'Great Ejection', was a crucial moment in the formation of religious dissent in England. This book, first published in 1775, is an extensively-revised version, by another dissenting minister Samuel Palmer, of materials originally collated and published by Edmund Calamy, commemorating the lives and works of these ejected ministers.
"Editing the autobiography of one of the most eminent of these ejected ministers, Richard Baxter, Calamy included a long chapter listing the ejected ministers and such biographical data as he could find. This is the famous chapter 9 of AN ABRIDGMENT OF MR BAXTER'S HISTORY OF HIS LIFE AND TIMES (1702). This chapter became a whole volume of a second edition of the ABRIDGEMENT published in 1713. And in 1727 Calamy produced a further two volumes of material under the title A CONTINUATION OF THE ACCOUNT OF THE MINISTERS, LECTURERS, MASTERS AND FELLOWS OF COLLEGES, AND SCHOOLMASTERS WHO WERE EJECTED AND SILENCED AFTER THE RESTORATION OF 1660... "Samuel Palmer attempted to integrate this material into a more readable form, making extensive revisions and additions. He certainly succeeded in producing something more accessible to eighteenth-century readers and there were several reprints of the book and a second edition in 1802-3. However readability was sometimes at the cost of accuracy and of a reduction of the scholarly value of Calamy's material.
"Nevertheless THE NONCONFORMIST'S MEMORIAL was an important work of collective memory by eighteenth-century dissenters." -- Publisher's Annotation
The Nonconformist's Memorial: Being an Account of the Lives, Sufferings, and Printed Works, of the Two Thousand Ministers Ejected from the Church of England, Chiefly by the Act of Uniformity, Aug. 24, 1666. ...
http://books.google.com/books?id=b08UwRUmWL0C&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

*CALDERWOOD, DAVID, The History of the Kirk of Scotland, 8 volumes (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Included on the Reformation Bookshelf CD #11 (Still Waters Revival Books). A Christian classic.
" 'The extensive learning and eminent talents of the Rev. David Calderwood, his matured experience in ecclesiastical affairs, and especially in those of his native country, the persecutions he had endured for his beloved Church, and the numerous works he had written in its defense, all qualified him, in the happiest manner, for becoming a Historian of the Kirk of Scotland. Above all, when the narrative was to be one of struggle and suffering, in which the principalities and powers of the earth, as well as those of darkness, were the antagonists, the record of such a conflict fell most aptly into the hands of a man whom a monarch had in vain attempted to brow-beat, and a whole hierarchy to silence. His own heart also appears to have affectionately inclined towards this his most congenial occupation, so that, after his return from exile, he spent many years in collecting and arranging the materials necessary for such an important task. At last, when he had reached his seventy-third year, the General Assembly, for the purpose of enabling him to perfect his work, granted him an annual pension of 800 pounds Scots. Calderwood died only two years afterwards; but he lived to accomplish his purpose of writing the History of our National Church from the commencement of the Reformation to the close of the reign of James the Sixth, in two, if not three successive and copious revisals' (Preface to volume one, pp. v-vi). More on the prominent role Calderwood played in the church of his day is supplied by Johnston, TREASURY OF THE SCOTTISH COVENANT (p. 47), when he writes that 'the Second Book of Discipline was sworn to in the National Covenant in 1581, and revised by the Assembly of 1638. The most important parts of the book were legalized in 1592, and again in 1690. Calderwood, the historian, edited 'The First and Second Book of Discipline,' printed in 1621.' Furthermore, the DICTIONARY OF SCOTTISH CHURCH HISTORY AND THEOLOGY, (p. 118) tells us that Calderwood was 'excluded from the church courts when he opposed Bishop James Law of Orkney's (FES VII, 322) substitution of royal supporters in place of the Presbytery's duly elected representatives to the General Assembly. But when King James VI visited Scotland in 1617, Calderwood and 54 other ministers meeting in Edinburgh wrote a protest against the King's intention that the monarch and men of his preference should appoint forms of worship and discipline in the Church. Calderwood was required to appear with Archibald Simson before the King at St. Andrews, where from his knees he boldly opposed the King's will and asserted the freedom of the General Assembly to control the Church's ceremonies and government (emphasis added, and some today say these are points of little or no consequence -- how different from our Reformed forefathers -- RB). Calderwood was deprived of his charge, imprisoned and banished. In 1619 he went to Holland, whence he issued anonymously his monumental critique of English episcopacy, The Altar of Damascus (n.p., 1621), greatly enlarged in Latin . . . Calderwood's writings were erudite and widely persuasive, preparing the way for the restoration of Presbyterian practice at the 'Second Reformation' . . . With Alexander Henderson and David Dickson he was appointed by the General Assembly of 1643 to draft a directory for public worship, to fill a need for guidelines after the episcopal conventions had been removed (in keeping with the Solemn League and Covenant -- RB).' The same article, commenting on this eight volume history, relates, 'it is a major source for the history of the Church of Scotland from the Reformation until 1625.' This massive set (of over 6000 pages) was printed between 1842 and 1849. It contains a 171 page index and Thomson's 'Life of David Calderwood. The contents are listed and dealt with chronologically by year; beginning in the preamble with the descent of the Scots from the ancient Gauls, but formally covering the period (focusing to the church) from 1514 to 1625. Documents and information available no where else (that we know of) are also included in this set. Must reading for researchers and those interested in church history!" -- SWRB

*CALDERWOOD, DAVID, The Pastor and the Prelate or Reformation and Conformity Shortly Compared, first American edition of 1844 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"This 17th century work refutes prelacy. Calderwood, bound by solemn oath to defend the doctrine and discipline of Biblical Presbyterian government and worship, and to oppose the hierarchy, along with all rites and ceremonies added to the worship of God, does a masterful job here. He uses the Word of God and the proceedings of the ancient and Reformation churches to make his points. He deals with controversies over things "indifferent," people's souls, state and society, etc.--as they are affected by these two systems of government. He points out the far reaching consequences of the implementation of various systems of church government and worship, showing how these specific ideas are eventually mirrored in the culture in general. Summarizing, he notes the classic saying concerning these matters and their consequences in the civil realm, "no ceremony no bishop, no bishop no king," and in the ecclesiastical arena, "no ceremony no prelate, no prelate no pope." -- SWRB

Cant, Andrew (1590?-1663), A sermon preached at a general meeting in the Gray-Friar-Church of Edinburgh, upon the 13 day of June, 1638 (Edinburgh: Printed for Alexander Henderson, 1699), EEBO.

Caryl, Joseph (1602-1673) The arraignment of unbelief, as the grand cause of our nationall non-establishment . . . in a sermon to the . . . House of Commons . . . 28th of May, 1645 (London, England: Cornmarket Press, 1971, 1645). OCLC: 25384011

Caryl, Joseph (1602-1673) Heaven and earth embracing; or, God and man approaching: shewed in a sermon preached before the . . . House of Commons . . . January 28, 1645 . . . (London, England: Cornmarket Press, 1971 1646). OCLC: 25385950

*CHURCH OF SCOTLAND GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 1638-1649, The Acts of the General Assemblies of the Church of Scotland, From the Year 1638 to the Year 1649 Inclusive, 1682 (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). A Christian classic. Also available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #11 ISBN-10: 0921148224 ISBN-13: 9780921148227.
"Exceedingly rare, these are the acts from what many consider the greatest general assembly gatherings since the days of the apostles. The work accomplished and ratified at these meetings has been called 'the most perfect model' of Presbyterial Church Government 'as yet attained.' Sitting during the momentous days of the Covenants (National and Solemn League) and the Westminster Assembly, this general assembly included the likes of Samuel Rutherford and George Gillespie. Judicially binding on covenanted Presbyterians (WCF 31:3), these Acts demonstrate how these godly leaders officially dealt with individual, family, ecclesiastical and civil Reformation (including national and international matters). Furthermore, it should not be forgotten that these rulings had major national and international ramifications in their day and that they still guide faithful Presbyterians at the close of the twentieth century (as terms of ministerial and Christian communion in the Reformed Presbyterian church). Moreover, they contain 'noble examples to be followed in testifying against all corruptions embodied in the constitutions of either churches or states' (Reformed Presbytery, Act, Declaration and Testimony for the Whole of Our Covenanted Reformation, p. 216). Christ's Kingship has never since been so boldly and clearly proclaimed to the nations by a duly constituted general assembly -- neither has His rule and reign been upheld and actually embodied into the laws of a nation (civil and ecclesiastical) as it was during these days in Scotland. Much of this can be attributed to the work (humanly speaking) done by the ministers present while these Acts were debated and passed. Regarding doctrine, worship, government and discipline there are few books that will be as helpful -- especially to elders and those advanced in the faith. Additionally, if you want a glimpse at the heart of the Second Reformation this is one of the best places to look. It may also be considered 'the eye of the Puritan storm,' seeing that the Scottish Covenanters exerted such a godly influence among their English Presbyterian brothers (and the Westminster Assembly) during these days -- the two nations having covenanted with God (in the Solemn League and Covenant) for the international 'reformation and defense of religion . . . the peace and safety of the three kingdoms . . . the glory of God, and the advancement of the kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, etc.' Over 500 pages and indexed for easy reference to all major topics." -- SWRB

*CHURCH OF SCOTLAND GENERAL ASSEMBLY 1639, The Declinatour and Protestation of the Sometimes Pretended Bishops, Presented in the Face of the Last Assembly. Refuted and Found Futile, but Full of Insolent Reproaches, and Bold Assertions (1639), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"An exceedingly rare title marking the continuing rise, at critical juncture, of the covenanted Reformed Presbyterian church. Members of this General Assembly and signatories to this protestation include Samuel Rutherford, David Dickson, Robert Baillie and even James Sharp (who later apostasized to the camp of the Prelatical antichrist and persecuted [and murdered] the covenanters he once owned as brothers). This book refutes the charges of the prelates, while exposing their many errors (which included teaching Arminianism, Popery, conditional election, the power of free-will resisting effectual grace, that the Pope is not the Antichrist, that Rome is the true church [constitutionally], that worship is not regulated by the Word of God [the regulative principle], that the earlier reformers were deformers; and denying limited atonement, justification by faith alone, predestination, and a number of other revealed truths of Scripture.)" -- SWRB

*DAVIES, SAMUEL, The Divine Government the Joy of the World. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"Expands upon the reign and rule of King Jesus and the great blessings that this entails." -- SWRB
The Divine Government the Joy of the World, Samuel Davies
http://books.google.com/books?id=q2msGwAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

Defoe, Daniel. An ecclesiastical history of Scotland. Containing the state of the church of that nation, from the time of Queen Mary to the union . . . London, 1734. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3323539136

Duncan, J. Ligon, III and David W. Hall, The Westminster Assembly: A Guide to Basic Bibliography (Oak Ridge, TN [The Covenant Foundation, 190 Manhattan Avenue, Oak Ridge 37830]: The Covenant Foundation).

Furgol, Edward M., A regimental history of the Covenanting armies, 1639-1651 (Edinburgh : John Donald Publishers, 1990).
Includes bibliographical references (p. 426-436) and index.

*GILLESPIE, GEORGE, Ezekiel's Vision of Millennial Glory, Preparation for Coming Reformation and a Remedy for Backsliding and Lukewarmness. Available (THE PURITAN FAST SERMONS, 1640-1652, THE WORKS OF GEORGE GILLESPIE, and as two MP3 files) on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available (two MP3 files) on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18, ISBN: 0921148933 9780921148937.
"This sermon was originally preached to England's House of Commons 'At Their Late Solemn Fast, Wednesday, March 27, 1644.' It is taken from volume one of Gillespie's two volume WORKS. It gives great insight into the covenanted unity, uniformity and worldwide Reformation sought by the majority of the Westminster Divines and the best of the civil leaders of Gillespie's day. Gillespie searchingly deals with the individual, the church and the state, while painting a Scriptural picture of prophesied earthly victory (Isa. 2:2-5, Ezek 47:1-12, etc.) -- in classic historicist postmillennial style -- which is sure to stir even the coldest Christian heart. He shows how the worst disease the land can suffer is corruption in religion (particularly as exhibited in false worship), rebukes those opposing the Solemn League and Covenant and calls upon all to maintain (and even improve upon) the Reformation attainments 'whereunto we have already attained' (Phil. 3:16). It is also interesting to note, especially since this sermon was preached before civil rulers, that though Gillespie points out the need for humility, repentance, prayer, tears, godly affections, sanctified minds and honorable actions, he does not forget to mention the importance of a covenanted army in this great cause of Christ's covenanted Reformation. Also noted is the destruction of Antichrist, the calling and conversion of the Jews (Rom. 11), the two witnesses and the 1260 year apostasy. Gillespie closes with an appeal to the English House of Commons, with whom the Scots had 'joined in covenant and in arms,' to be faithful 'according to the word he (God--RB) hath covenanted with you (i.e. in the Solemn League and Covenant--RB), so his spirit remaineth among you' -- exhorting these magistrates to 'fear not' but to 'be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.' This is classic Covenanter preaching, among the best sermons you may ever hear!" -- SWRB

*GILLESPIE, GEORGE, Reformation's Refining Fire; or, Iconoclastic Zeal Necessary to World Reformation by George Gillespie (Audio Cassette Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Also available in printed format.
"This sermon, read by elder Lyndon Dohms, was originally preached to the House of Lords in the abbey church at Westminster during the days of the Westminster Assembly (on August 27, 1645). It deals with Malachi 3:2 and can also be found in volume one of Gillespie's Works. The reading is approximately 80 minutes in length and for content this is likely the best sermon that we have ever carried. The glory of Christ is magnified in a soul stirring manner and at a level which is seldom (if ever) reached in our day. Though preaching before some of the most powerful men of his day, Gillespie does nothing to shave off the sharp edges of the whole counsel of God. He makes it abundantly clear that spiritual Reformation (individual, ecclesiastical and civil) is like a flaming fire which burns the dross of the flesh and is often hated and opposed by those that cry loudest for `Reform.' On the other hand, the refining fire of Reformation which pleases God (and comes from His fatherly hands, filled with mercy, love and grace), not only turns his wrath from the nations (by granting the grace to remove the causes of His wrath), but invigorates the spirit with that iconoclastic zeal against sin (whether personal or corporate) that can only be produced by His sovereign power. Whole-hearted (covenanted) reformation is contrasted, throughout this sermon, with the half-hearted comfortable Christianity that has been common in most ages. Gillespie wields the sword of Scripture as few can in driving home a multitude of vitally important points. This sermon can be listened to over and over with increasing profit, as it contains a fullness which is almost impossible to absorb in just one sitting. Don't miss this one; it is a real gem!" -- SWRB
Reformation's Refining Fire; or, Iconoclastic Zeal Necessary to World Reformation by George Gillespie (a sermon from Gillespie's Works)
http://sphynx.idontknow.com/swrb/reformationrefiningfire.ram

*GILLESPIE, GEORGE, Wholesome Severity Reconciled With Christian Liberty, 1645 (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), EEBO. Two audio cassettes.
"Gillespie was a major force at the Westminster Assembly. This rare item gives great insight into the original intent of the framers of the Westminster documents concerning matters of conscience, liberty, law, and government. Dr. Greg Bahnsen has noted how sections mirror modern theonomic thought. Read on cassette for the first time ever! This item can also be found in written form in volume four of Naphtali Press' Anthology of Presbyterian and Reformed Literature." -- SWRB
Wholesome Severity Reconciled With Christian Liberty, or, The True Resolution of a Present Controversy Concerning Liberty of Conscience, 1645, EEBO.
http://www.naphtali.com/severity.htm

*GILLESPIE, GEORGE, The Works of George Gillespie, 2 volumes (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. A Christian classic.
" `Gillespie was one of the Scottish commissioners to the Westminster Assembly. One of the great theologians of all time -- almost singlehandedly steering this august Assembly at certain points. As Hetherington notes, 'in all those debates no person took a more active part, or gained more distinction than George Gillespie,' though he was the youngest man there. Furthermore, Hetherington calls him a `genius of the highest order,' and writes that his work `dazzled and astonished his countrymen.' He `held an undisputed position among the foremost of the distinguished men by whose talents and energy the Church of Scotland was delivered from the prelatic despotism' of that day. This rare work contains Gillespie's personal notes during the Westminster Assembly and A DISPUTE AGAINST ENGLISH POPISH CEREMONIES. A DISPUTE AGAINST ENGLISH POPISH CEREMONIES is a rare classic on Reformed worship, taking on all the arguments related to the use of man-made ceremonies in worship. Burned by the Prelates (Episcopalians) just after it first appeared in 1637, this masterful defense of the regulative principle has yet to be answered (by those that oppose God's sovereignty in worship). It ably, and in a detailed manner, refutes the old errors of Prelacy and Romanism -- many of which are being resurrected in our day by writers like James Jordan (and others abandoning historic Presbyterian [i.e. Biblical] worship). Gillespie's practical `TREATISE OF MISCELLANY QUESTIONS,' contains 22 chapters. Topics dealt with range from: whether prophets and prophesying continued beyond the primitive church (answered in the negative); whether a sound heart and an unsound head can consist together; what are heresies and what is their purpose; are infants to be baptized; should the civil government attach a negative sanction to not swearing to the Solemn League and Covenant (against one aspect of Theonomy); etc. These WORKS also contains a memoir of Gillespie's life and writings, written by Hetherington, Gillespie's sermons before the house of commons, and much more!" -- SWRB

*GILLESPIE, GEORGE, GEORGE BUCHANAN, JOHN BROWN (of Wamphray), DAVID HAY FLEMING, The Presbyterian's Armoury, 3 volumes, 1846. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"In terms of `bang for your book buying buck,' you will not find more fire-power `under one roof' than in THE PRESBYTERIAN'S ARMOURY! Can be purchased as the three volume set or individually as listed below."

Volume One of THE PRESBYTERIAN'S ARMOURY
"Contains `Gillespie's Life and Writings' by Hetherington, plus all of the following works by George Gillespie: `A Dispute Against English Popish Ceremonies, 1637;' An Assertion of the Government of the Church of Scotland, 1644;' '111 Propositions Concerning the Ministry and Government of the Church, 1644;' two of Gillespie's sermons, preached before the House of Common (1644), and the House of Lords (1645); and Gillespie's answers to Coleman which defend Presbyterian polity against Erastianism. `Noted for his erudition, keen mind, powerful debating skills and articulate speech and often called `Great Mr. Gillespie' in his day, he has been referred to as the prince of Scottish theologians and the supreme defender of Presbyterian church government' (Nigel Cameron (editor), Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology, p. 359). 474 pages."
Volume Two of THE PRESBYTERIAN'S ARMOURY
"Contains all of the following works by George Gillespie: `Aaron's Rod Blossoming, or the Divine Ordinance of Church Government Vindicated;' `A Treatise of Miscellany Questions;' Notes of Debates and Proceedings of the Assembly of Divines at Westminster (February 1644 to January 1645).' Gillespie is most famous for his Aaron's Rod which Walker called `the chef d'oeuvre' of Scottish ecclesiastical theology (cited in Cameron, Dictionary, p. 359-360). He was a thundering preacher and a prominent member of the famous Westminster Assembly. Johnston, TREASURY OF THE SCOTTISH COVENANT cites the following concerning Gillespie: `That is an excellent youth; my heart blesses God in his behalf. There is no man whose parts in a public dispute I do so admire. He has studied so accurately all the points that are yet to come to our Assembly; he has got so ready, so assured, so solid a way of public debating; that however there be in the Assembly divers very excellent men, yet, in my poor judgement, there is not one who speaks more rationally and to the point than that brave youth has done ever (Baillie from his Letters and Journals). He was one of the great men that had a chief hand in penning our most excellent Confession of Faith and Catechisms. He was a most grave and bold man, and had a most wonderful gift given him for disputing and arguing. The end of a dispute held by him with some of the promoters of the Engagement was, that Glencairn said, `There is no standing before this great and mighty man.' He was called malleus Malignantium, `the hammer of the Malignants' (Woodrow's Analecta). 558 pages."
Volume Three of THE PRESBYTERIAN'S ARMOURY
"Contains: Samuel Rutherford's LEX, REX, or the Law and the Prince; John Brown of Wamphray's Apologetical Relation; David Calderwood's Pastor and Prelate, or Reformation and Conformity Shortly Compared; and Causes of the Lord's Wrath Against Scotland agreed upon by the General Assembly, 1651. Lex, Rex is `the great political text of the Covenanters' (Johnston citing Innes in TREASURY OF THE SCOTTISH COVENANT, p. 305.) `Rutherford was the first to formulate the great constitutional principle Lex est Rex -- the law is King . . . much of the doctrine has become the constitutional inheritance of all countries in modern times' (Idem.). Brown's anti-prelatical work deals with the lawfulness of defensive wars, ecclesiastical and civil government, the hearing of curates, etc. Brown's writing has been said to be `decidedly superior to most of the Scottish writers of his day, and even to Owen.' Calderwood upholds Presbyterianism over and against prelacy. THE CAUSES OF GOD'S WRATH was written anonymously (James Guthrie was the reputed author), and was at one time burnt along with LEX, REX. 615 pages." -- SWRB
The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

*GILLESPIE, PATRICK, The Ark of the Covenant Opened; Or, A Treatise of the Covenant of Redemption Between God and Christ, as the Foundation of the Covenant of Grace, 1677. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27 ISBN: 0921148240 9780921148241.
Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Six, CD #33. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. A Christian classic.
"John Owen, in his preface to this treatise writes, 'I do freely declare my judgement that for order, method, perspicuity in treating, and solidity of argument, the ensuing discourse exceedeth whatsoever single treatise I have seen written with the same design' (cited in Johnston, Treasury of the Scottish Covenant, p. 337). David Lachman tells us that '(i)n addition to arranging his brother's papers (published as Miscellany Questions [now found in George Gillespie's two volume Works, -- RB]), Gillespie used his materials also for the beginning of the first of a five-volume work on the covenant. Only two were published: THE ARK OF THE TESTAMENT OPENED... (1661) and THE ARK OF THE COVENANT OPENED... (1677), respectively treating the nature and kinds of covenants and the Mediator of the covenant. The third, on the condition of the covenant and the instrumentality of faith in justification, was extant in 1707, when the remaining two, respectively on the privileges and duties of the covenant, were believed lost (Analecta, I, 168-9)... Gillespie [was a -- RB] Covenanter, Principal of Glasgow University, and leading Protester' (Cameron, ed., Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology, p. 382). In this volume Gillespie proves:
1. That there is such a Covenant (of Redemption).
2. The necessity of it.
3. The nature, properties, and parties thereof.
4. The tenor, articles, subject matter of Redemption,
5. The commands, conditions, and promises annexed.
6. The harmony of the Covenant of suretiship made with Christ, and the Covenant of reconciliation made with sinners: wherein they agree, wherein they differ.
7. Grounds of comfort from the Covenant of suretiship; and, of course, much, much more!
"Owen, in his preface, (who also notes his long friendship with Gillespie), further underscores the importance of this work when he writes, 'For the Doctrine hereof, or the truth herein, is the very Center wherein all the lines concerning the Grace of God and our own duty, do meet; wherein the whole of Religion doth consist. Hence unto the understanding, Notions, and Conception, that men have of these Covenants with God, and according as the Doctrines of them is stated in their minds, their Conceptions of all other sacred Truths, or Doctrines, are conformed'." -- SWRB
Ark of the Covenant Opened: Chapter 3
http://www.truecovenanter.com/supralapsarian/pgilles_aoc_cap03.html

Gillespie, Patrick, Rulers Sins: The Causes of National Judgments, or a Sermon Preached at the Fast, Upon the 26th Day of December, Prov. XIV. 34; 2 Kings XVII. 22,23; Ezek. XIX. 14, or a Sermon Preached at the Fast, Upon the 26th Day of December 1650, rp 3195 no. 02
http://www.covenanter.org/CivilGovt/rulerssins.htm

*Hall, David W., The Arrogance of the Modern: Historical Theology Held in Contempt (Covenant Foundation), ISBN: 096503674X 9780965036740.
Table of Contents
http://capo.org/opeds/AOMTOC.html
"Into the breach comes a very well documented volume by David W. Hall, with the title, The Arrogance of the Modern: Historical Theology Held in Contempt. Early on in the book, Hall decries the tendency for researchers and theoreticians to cite only recent writings as backup of their work. He cites the concept that civilization is a democracy extending far back into time; the `votes' of citizens of old, represented by their writings, are just as important as those written just yesterday.
"To cap off his argument, Hall quotes a comment from Lord Acton, in which he said, `Just as the loss of memory in an individual is a psychiatric defect calling for a medical treatment, so too any community which has no social memory is suffering from an illness.' Those who do not learn from history, as you will recall, are doomed to repeat it. And, I might add, history has far more of what the Clarence Pages of this generation despise than the present. But, the Balkanization brought on by Postmodern criticism may well be our `unlearned lesson' that finally does us all in.
"This volume is a closely-argued, well organized thesis. It is not easy reading but, with the complexity of the subject, I think it is as well written a volume as I have seen." -- William L. Brown

*HEWISON, JAMES KING, The Covenanters: A History of the Church in Scotland From the Reformation to the Revolution, 1908, 2 volumes (1908) (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books.) Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25, ISBN: 0921148208 9780921148203. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #24. ATLA 1988-1839
"Smellie, in his preface to MEN OF THE COVENANT, calls this set a 'great treatise on the Covenanters -- a treatise which covers the entire field and seems to leave no word unsaid.' Hewison states that he desired to produce '[a]n absolutely impartial account of the Covenanters.' He also notes that 'certain definite conclusions regarding the Covenanters, as a rigid sect in the Christian Church, and as a restless, rebellious political party in the 16th and 17th centuries, have been arrived at by many students; and, as a general rule, a far from favourable estimate of these brave and defensible patriots has been based upon generalizations which will not bear investigation.' Moreover, he recognizes the Covenanters for who they were: 'one of the most extraordinary orders of devotees which the civilized world ever saw.' The work is enhanced by photographic reproductions of portraits, pictures, and Covenants. Considered by some as the definitive work on the Covenanters (over 1100 pages). If you are going to study church history after the Apostles, no other group or time period offers as much edifying material. This set is sure to put a fiery zeal in the soul of all those who love the Lord Jesus Christ. Great price too!" -- SWRB
The Covenanters: A History of the Church in Scotland from the Reformation to the Revolution
http://books.google.com/books?id=tdNLAAAAMAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

HOUSTON, THOMAS, Letters of the Rev. James Renwick, The Last of Scotland's Covenanted Martyrs, 1865, 290 pages. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #22.
"Contains a historical sketch of Renwick's life, labours, and martyrdom, and a vindication of his character and testimony -- along with 63 of his letters (from July 8, 1682 to Feb. 17, 1688). A useful appendix is also included denouncing the Revolution settlement and rebuking 'those who have no relish for a full covenanted testimony.' Because of the severity of Renwick's and the 'Society people's' suffering, and the wickedness of the slander and persecution they endured (which is beginning to be repeated in our day through the likes of men like Richard Bacon and other unfaithful ministers and malicious malignants), this book makes for excellent 'spiritual support and consolation in difficult times.' We also happily note, along with Houston, that 'the resurrection of the names of the confessors and martyrs of a former age, is a sure indication of the resurrection of their principles too' -- as we see God stretching forth his hand to our wicked and sinful generation in the writings of faithful covenanted ministers like James Renwick (and many others)." -- SWRB

*HOWIE, JOHN, The Scots Worthies. Biographia Scoticana: or, A Brief Historical Account of the Lives, Characters, and Memorable Transactions of the Most Eminent Scots Worthies . . . As also, an appendix, containing a short historical hint of the wicked lives . . . of the . . . apostates and . . . persecutors in Scotland . . . 2nd edition, corrected and enlarged, 1781 (Glasgow: Printed by John Bryce, and sold at his shop opposite Gibson's-Wynd, Salt-market, 1781) and (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). A Christian classic.
The full book and the book series of 22 MP3 files, produced by Still Waters Revival Books, may be found on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678.
This same book series of audio files is availabe at AudioSermons.com.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/search.asp?seriesOnly=true&currSection=sermonstopic&sourceid=swrb&keyword=Book%3A+SCOTS+WORTHIES&keyworddesc=Book%3A+SCOTS+WORTHIES
Biographia Scoticana, John Howie
Original from Oxford University, published 1885, digitized May 22, 2006. Described as a reprint of the 1781 edition.
http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC34190563&id=5iwAAAAAQAAJ&q=Scots+Worthies+1781&dq=Scots+Worthies+1781&ie=ISO-8859-1&pgis=1
(Gale: Eighteenth Century Collection Online [ECCO.] Gale Document Number CW3300757473). English Short Title Catalog, ESTCT110333.
"Most commonly known as SCOTS WORTHIES, this edition contains Howie's footnotes (defending the Covenanters) and Howie's appendix titled `The Judgment and Justice of God' (which chronicles God's judgments upon Reformation apostates and those who persecuted the Covenanters). It is the only edition in print which contains both these sections intended for publication by the author (as later editors often removed either one or both of these parts of this book). BIOGRAPHIA SCOTICANA covers the history of `noblemen, gentlemen, ministers and others from Mr. Patrick Hamilton, who was born about the year of our Lord 1503, and suffered martyrdom at St Andrews, Feb, 1527, to Mr. James Renwick, who was executed in the Grass-market of Edinburgh, Feb. 17, 1688. Together with a succinct account of the lives of other seven eminent divines, and Sir Robert Hamilton of Preston, who died about, or shortly after the Revolution.' This is one of our best history books (over 700 pages), covering all of the major Scottish Reformers. Howie summarizes his book as follows: `The design of the following was to collect, from the best authorities, a summary account of the lives, characters, and contendings, of a certain number of our most renowned SCOTS WORTHIES, who, for their faithful services, ardent zeal, constancy in sufferings, and other Christian graces and virtues, deserve honourable memorial in the Church of Christ; and for which their names have been, and will be savoury to all the true lovers of our Zion, while Reformation principles are regarded.' Furthermore, the momentous nature of the struggles chronicled in this book are succinctly noted when Howie writes: `the primitive witnesses had the divinity of the Son of God, and an open confession of Him, for their testimony. Our reformers from Popery had Antichrist to struggle with, in asserting the doctrines of the Gospel, and the right way of salvation in and through Jesus Christ. Again, in the reigns of James VI. and Charles I., Christ's REGALIA, and the divine right of Presbytery, became the subject matter of their testimony. Then, in the beginning of the reign of Charles II. (until he got the whole of our ancient and laudable constitution effaced and overturned), our Worthies only saw it their duty to hold and contend for what they had already attained unto. But, in the end of this and the subsequent tyrant's reign, they found it their duty (a duty which they had too long neglected) to advance one step higher, by casting off their authority altogether, and that as well on account of their manifest usurpation of Christ's crown and dignity, as on account of their treachery, bloodshed, and tyranny . . . which may be summed up. The Primitive martyrs sealed the prophetic office of Christ in opposition to Pagan idolatry. The reforming martyrs sealed His priestly office with their blood, in opposition to Popish idolatry. And last of all, our late martyrs have sealed His kingly office with their best blood, in despite of supremacy and bold Erastianism. They indeed have cemented it upon His royal head, so that to the world's end it shall never drop off again.' Moreover, the importance of this book can be clearly seen when Johnston, in TREASURY OF THE SCOTTISH COVENANT, reports that, Walter Scott refers to Howie as `the fine old chronicler of the Cameronians'. . . Howie's book has been for upwards of a century a household word, occupying a place on the shelf beside THE BIBLE and THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.' Written for God, country and the covenanted work of Reformation. Stirring history!" -- SWRB
See also: Thomson, John Henderson (editor), A CLOUD OF WITNESSES FOR THE ROYAL PREROGATIVES OF JESUS CHRIST BEING THE LAST SPEECHES AND TESTIMONIES OF THOSE WHO HAVE SUFFERED FOR THE TRUTH IN SCOTLAND SINCE . . . 1680 (Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle Publications) and JOHN FOXE'S BOOK OF MARTYRS. ACTES AND MONUMENTS OF MATTERS MOST SPECIALL AND MEMORABLE, the second edition of Foxe's Book of Martyrs Variorum Edition Online (version 1.1 - summer 2006).

*Howie, John, James Stewart and John Knox: Scotland's "Two Sons of Oil" (excerpted from John Howie's Scots Worthies, 1781 edition, narrated by Larry Birger, Jr.) (Audio Cassette Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"As Birger accurately observes in his introduction to this one-tape reformational powerhouse, `One great reason the Church is so weak and divided today is precisely because she has rejected these commandments of her Lord and Husband [to walk in the footsteps of the flock (Song 1:8), and to seek out and walk in the old paths (Jer. 6:16)]. Forgetting the works of God in history, she has thus become an easy prey to the old lies and idolatries of the Roman Catholic Church, that whore of Babylon, such that so-called Protestantism today in many ways bears more resemblance to the Roman Church than to the biblical churches of the Reformation. We are indeed ignorant of our history, and therefore have been doomed time and again to repeat its mistakes.' He continues, pointing to one of God's powerful remedies for our sinful failings in this area: 1Our gracious Lord has nonetheless provided a way out for us, by preserving for us the narratives of His great works in history, as well as His infallible Word by which to judge which are truly the good old paths . . . . On this tape you'll hear of the lives of two men who exemplified the work of Christ's "Two Witnesses" in Scotland, James Stewart, Earl of Moray, and John Knox. These "Two Sons of Oil," like their ancient predecessors, Zerubbabel and Joshua, illustrate the holy beauty and mighty effectiveness of God's institutions of Scriptural civil magistracy and gospel ministry. We see from their high regard for one another and from the work they accomplished in the Lord how both righteous civil rulers and faithful gospel ministers are necessary for true and lasting, society-changing reformation. In our age of ungodly toleration and pretended liberty of conscience (as opposed to the true Scriptural liberty of conscience promoted by these two eminent reformers), the emphasis is generally laid upon the ministry only as the agent of reformation -- and truly, there will be no lasting reformation without a faithful ministry. Nevertheless, we see from the Scriptural examples of Hezekiah, Josiah, and other godly rulers, as well as from various instances throughout subsequent history that the civil rulers are called by, and used by, God to promote and protect the welfare of His Bride, the Church. These rulers have no authority in matters of religion, but they have a responsibility about matters of religion -- to do things like suppressing and uprooting heresy, blasphemy, and idolatry, and encouraging and promoting faithful ministers -- as all our faithful Reformed forefathers taught.' Learn with excitement how God used these two faithful men to defeat Antichrist in Scotland, and purify and unify His faithful Church there. A great tool for seeing the vital importance of the civil government (as well as the ministry) in reformation!" -- SWRB
James Stewart and John Knox: Scotland's "Two Sons of Oil" (excerpted from John Howie's Scots Worthies, 1781 ed., narrated by Larry Birger, Jr.)
http://sphynx.idontknow.com/swrb/twosons.ram

HURST, HENRY, Whether Well-Composed Religious Vows Do Not Exceedingly Promote Religion, 1661, reprinted 1844 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
"A Puritan sermon on a much neglected means to spiritual victory, ecclesiastical revival and national reformation." -- SWRB

*HUTCHISON, MATTHEW, The Reformed Presbyterian Church in Scotland: Its Origin and History, 1680-1876, 450 pages. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18, ISBN: 0921148933 9780921148937. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #23.
"This is the only book-length history covering the period after 1680 (to 1876), when the majority Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church of Scotland merged with the Free Church of Scotland. The history after 1822, when the Auchensaugh Renovation was removed as a term of communion, merely chronicles the wholesale backsliding of the church and eventual split in 1863; from which a majority emerged which joined with the Free Church of Scotland in 1876. A remnant of the minority of the Reformed Presbyterian Church of Scotland still exists, however they never returned to the original position of the church from which it began to depart in 1822 (with the removal of the Auchensaugh bond -- which bond is the Auchensaugh Renovation listed under the Reformed Presbytery in this catalogue). This book is a fine illustration of the 'footsteps of the flock,' (as seen in the Protesters [paleopresbyterians] and their spiritual posterity), during the period of which it deals, while at the same time serving as a clear warning to those who have declined from Reformation attainments (i.e. the Resolutioners [neopresbyterians] and those who continue their deformation of the faith). 'By the National Covenant,' notes Thomas Sproull, 'our Fathers laid Popery prostrate. By the Solemn League and Covenant they were successful in resisting prelatic encroachments and civil tyranny. By it they were enabled to achieve the Second Reformation . . . They were setting up landmarks by which the location and limits of the city of God will be known at the dawn of the millennial day . . . How can they be said to go forth by the footsteps of the flock, who have declined from the attainments, renounced the covenants and contradicted the testimony of 'the cloud of witnesses.'. . . All the schisms (separations) that disfigure the body mystical of Christ . . . are the legitimate consequences of the abandonment of reformation attainments -- the violation of covenant engagements.' Understanding where the faithful covenanted servants of Christ have been historically, not only helps individuals to separate between truly constituted churches and the those that are false (because they have constitutionally backslidden from Reformation attainments); but is a necessary component to the keeping the fifth commandment, as the Reformed Presbytery has pointed out: ' Nor otherwise can a Christian know the time or place of his birth, or the persons whom God commands him to honor as his father and mother, than by uninspired testimony; and the same is true of his covenant obligation, if baptized in infancy. Against all who ignorantly or recklessly reject or oppose history as a bond of fellowship, in the family, in the state, but especially in the church, we thus enter our solemn and uncompromising protest' (Excerpted from: The Act, Declaration and Testimony for the Whole of Our Covenanted Reformation... by the Reformed Presbytery, pp. 177-178 -- a SWRB rare bound photocopy [1761], reprinted 1995 from the 1876 edition). This edition of THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN SCOTLAND: ITS ORIGIN AND HISTORY, 1680-1876 also contains an introductory note by William Goold (the editor of John Owen's WORKS). In introducing this book Goold writes, 'This volume may claim attention as supplying an essential link in the ecclesiastical history of Scotland. It is the history of that body of men who adhered to the civil part of the Second Reformation, according to which Presbytery was established and recognized by the State between 1638 and 1649 . . . The Church of which this volume is a history took its rise in its distinctive character at this period, and on the ground that it could not, while acknowledging the relief from oppression which the Revolution (of 1688) afforded, acquiesce in the arrangements made by the State for the recognition of the Church and the due exercise of its authority within its own spiritual domain (because the so-called 'glorious revolution' was Erastian to the core and also denied the previous national covenant engagements -- RB). . . . Apart, however, from their testimony in regard to this evil and danger, resulting from a Civil Government in which Prelacy was continued as an essential element, those who dissented from the Revolution Settlement, and from whom the Reformed Presbyterian Church arose, were animated with an earnest zeal for the maintenance of religious ordinances. They strove to exist as a Church, and how far they succeeded, and what difficulties they had to surmount in the attempt, is the interesting story recorded in this volume' (pp. v-vi). In summary, this book (of 450 pages) is an one-of-a-kind chronicle of an integral part of the history of the battle for the 'Crown Rights and Royal Prerogatives of the Lord Jesus Christ'." -- SWRB

*Johnston (of Wariston), Archibald, Diary of Sir Archibald Johnston of Wariston, 3 volumes (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
"The introduction to this book cites Carlyle writing, 'Archibald Johnston of Wariston; . . . a Lord Register of whom all the world had heard. Redactor of the Covenanters' protests in 1637 and onwards; redactor perhaps of the Covenant itself; canny lynx-eyed Lawyer, and austere Presbyterian Zealot; full of fire, of heavy energy and gloom: in fact a very notable character.' The introduction further notes that Johnston was 'in some respects, one of the most interesting of the leading Scotsmen who lived in those troubled times which began with the Service Book riot, the swearing and subscription of the National Covenant, and the abjuration of Episcopacy in 1637-38, and ended with the overthrow of the Protectorate and the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660 . . .' Calling Johnston the 'Covenanter politician,' the DICTIONARY OF SCOTTISH CHURCH HISTORY AND THEOLOGY (Cameron, editor) states, 'From the start of the revolt against Charles I in 1637 he was at its centre, frequently acting as secretary to the rebel leaders and drafting their declarations. He and Alexander Henderson were joint authors of the National Covenant, and he frequently took part in negotiations with the King and the English Parliament in the years that followed. In 1638 he was appointed clerk to the General Assembly and procurator of the Church, and in 1641, he was knighted and appointed a Lord of Session. In 1643 he became one of Scotland's representatives at the Westminster Assembly, and in 1646 King's Advocate. He had from the start been identified with the most radical of the Covenanters, and in 1648 he helped inspire opposition to the Engagement. A leading figure in the Kirk Party regime of 1648-50, becoming Clerk Register in 1649, he was in the fore in demanding thorough purging and punishing of the ungodly in both Church and state. During the Cromwellian invasion of 1650-1 he supported the Western Remonstrance and the Protesters in virtually disowning the cause of Charles II. He refused to serve the regime of Oliver Cromwell at first, partly through opposition of the religious toleration it imposed (though he later backslid into accepting major positions under Cromwell's dictatorship -- RB) . . . After the Restoration he was denounced as a traitor for having served Cromwell, and fled into hiding abroad. He was discovered in France, brought back to Edinburgh and executed . . . being generally hated and despised. Yet through his remarkable diaries one can gain much understanding' (pp. 446-447). Johnston, TREASURY OF THE SCOTTISH COVENANT (pp. 404-405) provides us with more insight into this fascinating saint (and these unparalleled times) in the following two quotations. 'For the lay elders there was the redoubted Johnston of Warriston, the most able and zealous of a group of lay statesmen who were as thorough warriors in the ecclesiastical department of the great struggle as the clergy themselves . . . He looked at the Covenant as the setting of Christ on His throne, and so was out of measure zealous in it. He afterwards, in old age and physical weakness, sealed it with his blood, his last words being 'The Lord has graciously comforted me; O pray, pray; praise, praise' (Burton). 'Warriston was a religious statesman. The standard of his policy was the Word of God; his great and governing aim, the Divine glory. And on this account his name has suffered obloquy from a quarter where all who would follow his steps may expect similar treatment, so long as society is composed, as it still is to such an alarming extent, of the godless and unbelieving' (Dr. M'Crie). The TREASURY OF THE SCOTTISH COVENANT also notes that 'it is to Johnston that the world generally has attributed the project of renewing the Covenant (of 1638 -- RB). This was his master-stroke of policy.' It further informs us that 'on one occasion he continued in prayer during fourteen hours.' For a glimpse into the heart of the most thorough national (and international) Reformation thus far in history you will not get closer to the source than Johnston's rare three volume Diary! From the inner workings of the battle for the National covenant to Johnston's notes covering Cromwell, Owen's views on toleration, the Protester/Resolutioner controversy and much more, this is an exceedingly valuable historical resource. As the introduction so aptly puts it, 'the great Covenanter's Diary . . . contained many valuable passages with relation to the history of these times, nowhere else to be found.' Almost 1300 pages in total and indexed." -- SWRB

*JOHNSTON, JOHN C., Treasury of the Scottish Covenant (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27, ISBN: 0921148240 9780921148241. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Five, CD #25, ATLA 1988-6070. A Christian classic.
"A massive listing (over 671 pages) covering Covenanting literature from the period of the Reformation to its publication in 1887. Contains not only the principal literary productions of the Covenanters (in the course of the long-sustained and heroic resistance offered by them to the spiritual despotism thrust against them in both church and state), but all of the chief historical documents connected with this period of history. Inspiration and courage can be drawn from the memories and associations of these events and writings. Here is one example of what you will find (from page 349 in the book): '(Richard) Camerons' head and hands, cut from his body at Airsmoss, were taken to his father, then suffering in prison in Edinburgh for the Covenant. He was asked if he knew them. 'His words,' says Dr. Kerr, 'were surely the most touching of all the memories of that cruel time: 'I know, I know them! they are my son's, my dear son's! It is the Lord: good is the will of the Lord, who cannot wrong me nor mine, but has made goodness and mercy to follow us all our days.' After which, by order of the Council, his head was fixed upon the Netherbow Port, and his hands beside it, with the fingers upward, a kind of preaching 'at the entry of the city, at the coming in at the doors,' that told more for his cause and against the persecutors than all the words he could have spoken.' A must for every serious theological student, religious library, or rare book collector who has any interest in Reformation thought and/or literature. It is a veritable gold mine of information, facts, documents, book listings and more!" -- SWRB

*KNOX, JOHN (1505-1572), National Repentance and Reformation. Alternate title: A BRIEF EXHORTATION TO ENGLAND FOR THE SPEEDY EMBRACING OF THE GOSPEL, 1559. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25, ISBN: 0921148208 9780921148203. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD One, CD #6.
"Formerly titled 'A Brief Exhortation to England for the Speedy Embracing of the Gospel, 1559.' Mitchell in The Scottish Reformation (p. 80) cites Dr. Merle D'Aubigné on Knox: 'The blood of warriors ran in the veins of the man who was to become one of the most intrepid champions of Christ's army . . . He was active, bold, thoroughly upright and perfectly honest, diligent in his duties, and full of heartiness for his comrades.' The warrior in Knox was certainly roused for battle in this production. Kevin Reed (Selected Writings of John Knox), p. 580 comments, 'Some historians have reflected negatively on the vehemence of Knox's remarks. Perhaps they should peruse the long list of the martyrs named in the appendix to this work. Critics may then find a clue for understanding the reformer's zeal. Knox is discussing serious matters of life and death--spiritual issues which affect us deeply in this life, and for eternity.' Magistrates everywhere today need to hear this message again; God has not changed--there are still corporate curses for disobedience at a national level and corporate blessings for those nations 'that kiss the Son' (cf. Psalm 2)." -- SWRB

*KNOX, JOHN (1505-1572), Reformation, Revolution and Romanism: An Appeal to the Scottish Nobility (1558), (Audio Cassette Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"David Chilton notes, 'Of all the sixteenth-century Reformers, John Knox remains the most ardently loved and fiercely hated. No other leader of his day saw so clearly the political issues in the light of Scripture. Nor has any of his contemporaries had so much direct influence upon the subsequent history of the world. He transformed a land of barbarians into one of the most hardheadly Calvinistic cultures ever to exist, and his doctrines lie at the core of all Protestant revolutionary activity. While he is often considered merely one of Calvin's lieutenants, he was actually a Reformer in his own right. In some respects he was the greatest of them all.' ('John Knox,' The Journal of Christian Reconstruction: Symposium on Puritanism and Law [Vallecito, CA: Chalcedon, Vol. V, No. 2, Winter, 1978-79, p. 194). Furthermore, R.L. Greaves has noted that 'it has even been suggested -- and not altogether without merit -- that Knox was a key link in the development of political ideology that culminated in the American Revolution.' Theology and Revolution in the Scottish Reformation: Studies in the Thought of John Knox (Grand Rapids, MI: Christian University Press, 1980, p. 156). Moreover, Mason states that this Appeal 'is the most important . . . of Knox's political writings,' (in the Introduction to his compilation of Knox's political writings titled On Rebellion). It shows in a conclusive manner that Knox wanted a THEONOMIC ESTABLISHMENT which was careful to 'disapprove, detest, oppose and remove all false worship and all monuments of idolatry' (cf. Westminster Larger Catechism #108). It also clearly demonstrates that Knox believed in and promoted the continuing binding validity of the Old Testament case laws and the penal sanctions attached to them, including the death penalty. Kevin Reed, in a editor's note, introducing this piece in his newly published Selected Writing of John Knox, also points out that 'the Westminster Confession provides a distinct echo of Knox, when it states that the magistrate 'hath authority, and it is his duty, to take order, that unity and peace be preserved in the church, that the truth of God be kept pure and entire, that all blasphemies and heresies be suppressed, all corruptions and abuses in worship and discipline prevented or reformed, and all the ordinances of God duly settled, administered, and observed' (Ch. 23:3, original wording). One secular historian once described Knox as 'Calvin with a sword,' making one wonder if he had not just been reading this very book. For '[w]here Calvin merely permitted disobedience to an ungodly ruler or immoral law, Knox championed armed rebellion -- a type of Calvinism that made religious revolution in Scotland possible' (Christian History, Issue 46, p. 35). This is the best of the best; don't miss it!" -- SWRB
Reformation, Revolution & Romanism (1/2) An Appeal to the Scottish Nobility (1558) by John Knox
http://sphynx.idontknow.com/swrb/reformationrevolution.ram

MacLean, Isabelle McCall, The Scottish Covenanter Genealogical Index - (1630-1712) (iUniverse, Inc., February 13, 2007).
"This work evolved out of a love for my ancestors, one being John Whitelaw, the Covenanter Monkland Martyr, who was executed for his religious beliefs in Edinburgh, 1683. While searching for his records I came across reference to thousands of other Scottish Covenanters. This Index lists those Covenanters found in some books written about the period between 1630 and 1712.There are many, many more Covenanters, whose names need to be added to this work, and, God willing, I will do it.
"The Covenanters were steadfast in their Presbyterian beliefs and refused to take an oath unto the King stating that he was the head of the church. They believed that Christ was the Head of the Church and their loyalty to this belief allowed them to lay their lives down for it. The Royalists and Dragoons, who were seeking to bring them into obedience to the King, relentlessly chased the Covenanters from glen to glen. This disregard for their civil rights was brutally carried out basically in the Lowlands of Scotland.8
"Many of their records were destroyed along with their lives and their stories only live in family lore and books that were written about them. I have extracted some of their names and created The Scottish Covenanter Genealogical Index, which is by no means complete, but is a work in progress.
About the Author: "I learned to love my Covenanter ancestors at the knees of my father, James McCall MacLean and my grandfather, Thomas McCall McLean. As many Covenanter records had been destroyed during the "killing times" in Scotland, only scanty histories and some court records remained. What I found, I indexed for myself and for other family history researchers. You can contact the author at www.isabellemmaclean.com." -- Publisher's Annotation

Mall, Thomas, b. 1629 or 30, A cloud of vvitnesses, or, The sufferers mirrour. made up of the swan-like-songs and other choice passages of several martyrs and confessors to the end of the sixteenth century, in their treatises, speeches, letters, prayers, &c. in their prisons, or exiles, at the bar or stake &c. / collected out of the ecclesiastical histories of Eusebius, Fox, Fuller, Clark, Petrie, Scotland, and Mr. Samuel Ward's Life of faith in death, &c. and alphabetically disposed by T.M., 1665, EEBO.

*MANTON, THOMAS, David's Covenanting Our Duty Also (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Two audio cassettes.
"Read by Elder Lyndon Dohms. Manton was a covenanted English Presbyterian (he swore the Solemn League and Covenant). He was also chosen to write the 'Epistle to the Reader' in the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) (which speaks volumes as to his credibility among the preachers and scholars of his day). Sermons like this show us the great depth of the knowledge that was prevalent during the covenanting period, not only in Scotland, but in England also." -- SWRB

*Marshall, Walter, 1628-1680, The Gospel-Mystery of Sanctification: Growing in Holiness by Living in Union With Christ (London, England: Oliphants Press, 1956, 1692) and (Grand Rapids, MI: Reformation Heritage Books, Inc., 2005, 1999), ISBN-10: 189277724X. See the WorldCat record for arious foreign language editions.
The Reformation Heritage Books edition is a reprint of the 1954 edition set by Oliphants and includes an introduction by Joel R. Beeke. Also includes the author's famous sermon on "The Doctrine of Justification Opened and Applied."
Another edition: (Sovereign Grace Publishers Inc., October 1, 2001), 140 pages, ISBN-10: 1589600630.
"Here you will read the most closely reasoned defense of scriptural sanctification to be found anywhere. . . . Fourteen directions are given to the reader, all perfected with the aim of explaining to sincere souls what sanctification is, what it is not, and how to attain a holy walk before God. . . ." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
Another edition: (Wipf & Stock Publishers, January 2005), 270 pages, ISBN-10: 1597520543.
"This is by far the best book on the doctrine of Sanctification in print. It was originally written in the 17th century, but has been put into modern english with this edition. This book will help you better understand the Gospel and its power not only for our Justification, but our Sanctification as well." -- Reader's Comment

*MCFEETERS, J.C., Sketches of the Covenanters Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678. A Christian classic.
"Stirring accounts of sacrifice and martyrdom for the Reformed Faith that will bring tears to eyes of all but the backslidden. Follows the chain of events which gave Scotland two Reformations and a Revolution. Knox, the National Covenant, the Westminster Assembly, the Field Meetings, and much more is covered. The history of great battles for Christ and His royal rights are recounted in this moving history book. Sheds much light upon the warfare with the dragon for true liberty. One of our best history books, highly recommended!" -- SWRB Sketches of the Covenanters
http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/13570

M'Crie, Thomas (1772-1835), Hugh Miller, James Anderson, John Fleming, John Hutton Balfour (contributor), The Bass Rock: Its Civil and Ecclesiastic History . . . geology . . . martyrology . . , 1847 575 pages.
http://books.google.com/books?id=xJILAAAAYAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

*M'CRIE, THOMAS (1772-1835), Statement of the Difference . . . Particularly on the Power of Civil Magistrates Respecting Religion, National Reformation, National Churches, and National Covenants, 1871. Alternate title: STATEMENT OF THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PROFESSION OF THE REFORMED CHURCH OF SCOTLAND, AS ADOPTED BY SECEDERS, AND THE PROFESSION CONTAINED IN THE NEW TESTIMONY AND OTHER ACTS LATELY ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSOCIATE SYNOD . . . Available (WORKS OF THOMAS M'CRIE) on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25, ISBN: 0921148208 9780921148203. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD One, CD #6. A Christian classic.
" 'The ablest exposition in the English language of the Establishment Principle . . . Dr. (George) Smeaton describes the Statement as a masterly defense of the principles of establishments as Scripture truth: and the most complete vindication ever given to the world of the position occupied by the Reformed Church of Scotland, on the whole subject of national religion and the magistrates legitimate power in promoting it. 'The same thoroughness,' wrote the late Rev. D. Beaton, 'which gave such abiding value to his great biography of Knox, is shown in this, his less known work . . . Dr. McCrie in his STATEMENT shows that all the Confessions of the Protestant and Presbyterian Churches of the Reformation, both in Britain and on the Continent of Europe, held and maintained the Establishment Principle. 'These harmoniously agree,' he writes, 'in declaring as with one mouth that civil authority is not limited to the secular affairs of men, and that the public care and advancement of religion is a principle part of the official duty of magistrates.' He goes on to give extracts from THE CONFESSION OF HELVETIA; THE CONFESSION OF BOHEMIA; THE CONFESSION OF SAXONY; THE FRENCH CONFESSION; THE BELGIC OR DUTCH CONFESSION; THE CONFESSION OF THE ENGLISH CONGREGATION IN GENEVA; THE SCOTS CONFESSION AND THE WESTMINSTER CONFESSION OF FAITH (1646). 'Such is the harmony of doctrine in the Protestant churches on this head,' he remarks, 'expressed in their confessions and public formularies drawn from the Word of God; a harmony which deserves great attention, and from which none should rashly depart' (as cited in CHRIST'S KINGSHIP OVER THE NATIONS by C.J. Brown). Concerning the doctrine of national obedience to Christ, M'Crie demonstrates in the most convincing way that there are few doctrines 'of the practical kind, in which the best interests of mankind and the general state of religion in the world, are more deeply concerned, than in the right and wrong determination of this question.' Contains an excellent preface by George Smeaton. Considered one of the definitive works on Church/State relations, defending the historic Reformed position. An extremely rare and very expensive item if located as a rare book." -- SWRB
Statement of the Difference . . . Particularly on the Power of Civil Magistrates Respecting Religion, National Reformation, National Churches, and National Covenants, 1871, 1807
http://www.covenanter.org/McCrie/Statement/statementtitle.htm

*Moore, Edwin Nisbet, Our covenant heritage: the Covenanters' struggle for unity in truth as revealed in the memoir of James Nisbet (1667-1728) and sermons of John Nevay (d. 1672), illustrated by Brenda Newman and Linda Rhoden (Tain [Ross-shire:] Christian Focus Publications, c2000), includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN: 1857926188.
"A new book, OUR COVENANT HERITAGE, examines the rise and fall of the Scottish Church. It rose when men placed the rights of God above the rights of man. It fell when men abandoned unity in truth. It is written by Ed Moore, who spent several years examining why the Covenanters, particularly those who lived near Loudoun Castle, were willing to die for their understanding of God's truth. The answer is found in the sermons of their minister John Nevay on God's Covenant of Grace and in the Memoirs of James Nisbet, one of their number who survived their epic battle for truth only to face the age-old struggle of Christ's church for unity in truth." -- Publisher's Annotation
Our Covenant Heritage, Edwin Nesbet Moore
http://www.covenanters.com/

Pauck (editor), Melanchthon and Bucer (Westminster Press, 1969).

Paul, Robert S., The Assembly of the Lord: Politics and Religion in the Westminster Assembly and the Grand Debate, ISBN: 0567085597 9780567085597.
"Too bad this excellent book is so expensive. It is the kind of book that anybody interested in the background of the Westminster Assembly would enjoy reading. Detailed, scholarly, and thoroughly documented. We think it is well worth the price for the understanding that it imparts." -- GCB

Pendlebury, William, National repentance and reformation the way to obtain national blessings. A sermon preach'd at Rotherham in Yorkshire, on the eleventh of April, 1744, ... by William Pendlebury, M.A.

PRICE, GREG, History of the Assembly at Westminster (Audio Cassette Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"This lecture is probably the best introductory historical account of this unsurpassed Assembly in audio format. It fulfills the same purpose for which Hetherington noted he wrote his classic (THE HISTORY OF THE WESTMINSTER ASSEMBLY OF DIVINES (only it is in audio format and much shorter): In common with all true Presbyterians, I have often regretted the want of a History of the Westminster Assembly of Divines . . . Especially in such a time as the present, when all distinctive Presbyterian principles are not only called in question, but also misrepresented and condemned, such a want has become absolutely unendurable, unless Presbyterians are willing to permit their Church to perish under a load of unanswered, yet easily refuted, calumny. And as the best refutation of calumny is the plain and direct statement of truth, it is by that process that I have endeavored to vindicate the principles and the character of the Presbyterian Church (p. i.). The Puritan history leading up to the Assembly (which this lecture takes a in-depth look at) is especially important and not only set the context for what became the major debates among the ministers present, but even dictated who was selected to this august body of scholars. Civil wars, national upheavals, emigration to the `new world' and a host of other epoch making events surrounded this momentous period of history. These debates and their resolutions have defined and directed Christian thought and national cultures ever since their original ratification -- and Hetherington (in The History of the Westminster Assembly of Divines) is not shy about noting the significance of this Assembly when he writes,

But the man who penetrates a little deeper into the nature of those unrevealed but powerful influences which move a nation's mind, and mould its destinies, will be ready to direct his attention more profoundly to the objects and deliberations of an assembly which met at a moment so critical, and was composed of the great master-minds of the age; and the theologian who has learned to view religion as the vital principle of human nature, equally in nations and in the individual man, will not easily admit the weak idea, that such an assembly could have been an isolated event, but will be disposed earnestly to inquire what led to its meeting, and what important consequences followed. And although the subject has not hitherto been investigated with such a view, it may, we trust, be possible to prove, that it (the Westminster Assembly–RB) was the most important event in the century in which it occurred; and that it has exerted, and in all probability will yet exert, a far more wide and permanent influence upon both the civil and the religious history of mankind than has generally been even imagined (p. 17).
Many consider this era a historical high water mark for doctrinal and practical Puritan precision and this work is indispensable for understanding the work accomplished by the Westminster Assembly, Presbyterian and Independent history, Cromwell and much more. For example, consider the lofty and Christ honoring goal of the Assembly as summarized by Hetherington (in The History of the Westminster Assembly of Divines): There was one great, and even sublime idea, brought somewhat indefinitely before the Westminster Assembly, which has not yet been realized, the idea of a Protestant union throughout Christendom, not merely for the purpose of counterbalancing Popery, but in order to purify, strengthen, and unite all true Christian churches, so that with combined energy and zeal they might go forth, in glad compliance with the Redeemer's commands, teaching all nations, and preaching the everlasting gospel to every creature under heaven. This truly magnificent, and also truly Christian idea, seems to have originated in the mind of that distinguished man, Alexander Henderson. It was suggested by him to the Scottish commissioners, and by them partially brought before the English Parliament, requesting them to direct the Assembly to write letters to the Protestant Churches in France, Holland, Switzerland, and other Reformed Churches. . . . and along with these letters were sent copies of the Solemn League and Covenant, a document which might itself form the basis of such a Protestant union. The deep thinking divines of the Netherlands apprehended the idea, and in their answer, not only expressed their approbation of the Covenant, but also desired to join in it with the British kingdoms. Nor did they content themselves with the mere expression of approval and willingness to join. A letter was soon afterwards sent to the Assembly from the Hague, written by Duraeus (the celebrated John Dury), offering to come to the Assembly, and containing a copy of a vow which he had prepared and tendered to the distinguished Oxenstiern, chancellor of Sweden, wherein he bound himself 'to prosecute a reconciliation between Protestants in point of religion'. . . . [O]n one occasion Henderson procured a passport to go to Holland, most probably for the purpose of prosecuting this grand idea. But the intrigues of politicians, the delays caused by the conduct of the Independents, and the narrow-minded Erastianism of the English Parliament, all conspired to prevent the Assembly from entering farther into that truly glorious Christian enterprise. Days of trouble and darkness came; persecution wore out the great men of that remarkable period; pure and vital Christianity was stricken to the earth and trampled under foot. (pp. 337-339).
Further demonstrating his grasp of the most important events of the second Reformation, Hetherington comments on the Solemn League (the epitome of second Reformation attainments), `no man who is able to understand its nature, and to feel and appreciate its spirit and its aim, will deny it to be the wisest, the sublimest, and the most sacred document ever framed by uninspired men' (p. 134). Price gives special attention in this study to the central place of the Solemn League and Covenant in the thinking and international vision for Biblical Reformation of the Westminster Divines. Anyone interested in the work of the Westminster Assembly -- and the men, teaching and events which were at the heart of the Puritan revolution against the forces of antichrist -- should read listen to this audio track at least once." -- SWRB
History of the Assembly at Westminster by Greg Price
http://sphynx.idontknow.com/swrb/historyoftheassembly.ram

*Purves, Jock, Fair Sunshine: Character Studies of the Scottish Covenanters (The Banner of Truth Trust, 1968), 206 pages, ISBN: 0851511368 9780851511368. Publishing history: The material in this volume consists of two works: SWEET BELIEVING, 1948, and FAIR SUNSHINE: FURTHER STUDIES OF THE SCOTTISH COVENANTERS (91 pages), 1957.
"I first read this book several years ago at the recommendation of my late father, who was a sovereign grace Baptist minister. . . .
"I would highly recommend this book to anyone. And anyone who reads this book will be truly blessed. If it were possible the book should have more than five stars." -- Reader's Comment
Fair Sunshine: Character Studies of the Scottish Covenanters, Jock Purves
http://books.google.com/books?id=2WxvHwAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html
An Outline of Scottish 'Covenant History' in the 17th Century From Purves' Book FAIR SUNSHINE
http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?cov_intro.htm

*REID, H.M.B., A Cameronian Apostle: Being Some Account of John Macmillan of Balmaghie, 1896. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #30, ISBN: 0921148380 9780921148388. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Five, CD #25.
"The author wrote this book `considering the renewed interest taken at present in questions of Church government and establishment,' noting that `there seemed to be some room for a detailed treatment of a career which covers so interesting a period as that embraced between 1690 and 1750.' Macmillan is an important historical link to those who still fight for Christ's Crown and Covenant. `For many years he fought the battle of the Covenants alone, and he fought it on lines of policy and wisdom.' states Reid. Furthermore, the author continues, `I have tried to indicate his position among the `Suffering Remnant' by calling him `a Cameronian Apostle;' for, during the long period of 36 years, he was the sole ordained minister among the scattered congregations of the `Society' people. The name seems not unfitting, and it receives a certain sanction from the authority of Dr. Cunningham, who styled him the `high-priest' of the Societies . . . Further, Macmillan's story is also the record of the development of a most interesting side of Scottish Church life. He may be said, indeed, to have made the history of what, at last, became the Reformed Presbyterian Church. This is so true, that that Church long bore the popular name of the `Macmillanites.' And the name of Macmillan is bound up with more than one congregation still existing.' An important book for those who would trace the backsliding of modern Presbyterianism (the neopresbyterians) and also be encouraged by the remnant of those who remain faithful to the position of the original Covenanters (the paleopresbyterians). This book's 308 pages includes illustrations and a detailed appendix containing important church documents." -- SWRB

*Reid, W. Stanford, Trumpeter of God: A Biography of John Knox, paperback, 372 pages (Baker Publishing Group, February, 1982), and (New York, Scribner, 1974).
Knox laid the foundation for Presbyterianism and the Covenanted Reformation.

RENWICK, JAMES, A choice collection of very valuable prefaces, lectures, and sermons, preached upon the mountains and muirs of Scotland, in the hottest time of the late persecution. By ... Mr. James Renwick. ... The fourth edition. To which are added, The form and order of the admission of ruling elders; A reply to Mr Langlan's Letter to Gavin Wotherspoon; and A testimony to the truths of God ... By the same author. Glasgow, 1777. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #29, ISBN: 0921148283 9780921148289.

Ridpath, George, An answer to the Scotch Presbyterian eloquence. In three parts. ... London, 1789. Alternate title: A continuation of the Answer to The Scots Presbyterian eloquence, dedicated to the Parliament of Scotland. Being a vindication of the acts of that august assembly, from the clamours and aspersions of the Scots prelatical clergy, in their libels printed in England. With a confutation of Dr. M-----'s postscript, in answer to the former, proving, that it's not the Church of England's interest, to countenance the Scots outed clergy. As also reflections on Sir Geo. Mackenzy's defence of Charles the Second's government in Scotland. And instances on record of Sir George's subornation against Sir Hugh and Sir George Campbel, and the Laird of Blackwood, Presbyterian gentlemen. Together with the acts of the Scots General assembly and present Parliament; compared with the acts of Parliament in the two last reigns against the Presbyterians. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3320383857

*ROBERTS, WILLIAM L. (1798-1864), SWRB's Works of William Roberts, 6 volumes and articles. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.

ROBINSON, HASTINGS (editor), Original Letters Relative to the English Reformation Written During the Reigns of King Henry VIII., King Edward VI., and Queen Mary: Chiefly From the Archives of Zurich, 1846-47, 2 volumes, 819 pages, ISBN: 155635049X 9781556350498. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"The greater part of these letters are now printed for the first time: they will be found to contain many details of interest, relative to various proceedings of that period, and occasionally to give much information respecting the customs and manners of the times, as well as the private history of the writers and other individuals to whom they refer. Bucer, Melancthon, Calvin, Cranmer, Edward VI., Lady Jane Grey, Hooper, Ponet, Bullinger, Foxe, Goodman and a host of others either penned or received these letters. These letters where 'translated from authenticated copies of the autographs'." -- SWRB

ROBINSON, HASTINGS (editor), The Zurich Letters, or the Correspondence of Several English Bishops and Others, With Some of the Helvetian Reformers, During the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, 1846, 592 pages, ISBN: 155635049X 9781556350498. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"Taken chiefly from the Archives of Zurich, these letters have been translated from authenticated copies of the autographs for the Parker Society. The Parker Society was 'instituted for the publication of the works of the fathers and early writers of the Reformed English Church.' The editor notes that he 'refrains from any remarks upon the various topics treated in these letters; it being his desire, and the object of the Society, that the respective writers should speak for themselves.' Notes are added, however, 'for the purpose of throwing additional light upon the facts and circumstances recorded in the correspondence.' Calvin, Beza, Bullinger, Martyr, Farell, Zanchius, Coverdale, Queen Elizabeth and a host of others either penned or received these letters. Contains an extensive index and table of contents." -- SWRB

*RUTHERFORD, SAMUEL, A Free Disputation Against Pretended Liberty of Conscience, 1649 edition. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #9, #25, and #26, ISBN: 0921148836 9780921148838. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #21.
"Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION, though scarce, is still one of his most important works with maybe only a few copies of the actual book left in existence. Though Rutherford is affectionately remembered in our day for his LETTERS, or for laying the foundations of constitutional government (against the divine right of kings) in his unsurpassed LEX, REX his FREE DISPUTATION should not be overlooked for it contains the same searing insights as LEX, REX. In fact, this book should probably be known as Rutherford's 'politically incorrect' companion volume to LEX, REX. A sort of sequel aimed at driving pluralists and antinomians insane. Written against 'the Belgick Arminians, Socinians, and other Authors contending for lawlesse liberty, or licentious Tolerations of Sects and Heresies,' Rutherford explains the undiluted Biblical solution to moral relativism, especially as it is expressed in ecclesiastical and civil pluralism! (Corporate pluralism being a violation of the first commandment and an affront to the holy God of Scripture). He also deals with conscience, toleration, penology (punishment), and the judicial laws, as related to both the civil and ecclesiastical realms. Excellent sections are also included which address questions related to determining the fundamentals of religion, how covenants bind us, the perpetual obligation of social covenants (with direct application to the Solemn League and Covenant and the covenant-breaking of Cromwell and his sectarian supporters), whether the punishing of seducing teachers be persecution of conscience, and much more. Walker adds these comments and context regarding Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION, 'The principle of toleration was beginning to be broached in England, and in a modified shape to find acceptance there. Samuel Rutherford was alarmed, or rather, I should say, he was horrified, for he neither feared the face of man or argument. He rushed to the rescue of the good old view . . . It is not so easy to find a theoretical ground for toleration; and Rutherford has many plausible things to say against it. With the most perfect confidence, he argues that it is alike against Scripture and common sense that you should have two religions side by side. It is outrageous ecclesiastically, it is sinful civilly. He does not, however, take what I call the essentially persecuting ground. He does not hold that the magistrate is to punish religion as religion. Nay, he strongly maintains that the civil magistrate never aims at the conscience. The magistrate, he urges, does not send anyone, whether a heretic (who is a soul murderer -- RB) or a murderer, to the scaffold with the idea of producing conversion or other spiritual result, but to strengthen the foundations of civil order. But if he gives so much power to the king, he is no lover of despotism withal: the king himself must be under law. To vindicate this great doctrine is the object of another book, the celebrated LEX, REX; of which it has been said by one competent to judge, that it first clearly developed the constitutionalism which all men now accept' (Theology and Theologians . . ., pp. 11-12). In our day Francis Schaeffer, and numerous others, have critiqued many of the problems found in modern society, but most have spent little time developing explicitly Biblical solutions especially regarding the theoretical foundations that Rutherford addresses here. Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION provides a detailed blueprint for laying the foundations that must be laid before any lasting, God-honoring solutions will be found. Furthermore, Rutherford and his writings were the enemies of all governments not covenanted with Christ. This book will give you a very clear picture as to why 'the beast' (civil and ecclesiastical) has reserved his special hatred for such teaching. As Samuel Wylie noted '[t]he dispute, then, will not turn upon the point whether religion should be civilly established . . . but it is concerning what religion ought to be civilly established and protected, -- whether the religion of Jesus alone should be countenanced by civil authority, or every blasphemous, heretical, and idolatrous abomination which the subtle malignity of the old serpent and a heart deceitful above all things and desperately wicked, can frame and devise, should be put on an equal footing therewith" (The Two Sons of Oil; or, the Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis, softcover). Can our generation swallow Rutherford's hard, anti-pluralistic, Covenanter medicine, poured forth from the bottle of the first commandment, without choking on their carnal dreams of a free and righteous society divorced from God (and His absolute claims upon everyone and everything)? Not without the enabling power of the Holy Spirit -- that is for sure! In summary, this book answers all the hardest questions theonomists (and their wisest and best opponents) have been asking for the last 20-30 years (and these answers are much more in depth than any we have seen in the last couple of millennia [less about a century to account for the apostles]). As the reader will discover, Rutherford was a wealthy man when it came to wisdom (and much advanced theologically), and those who take the time to gaze into the King's treasure house, as exhibited in this book, will find that they are greatly rewarded. Furthermore, because of its uncompromising stand upon the Word of God, this book is sure to be unpopular among a wicked and adulterous generation. However, on the other hand, it is sure to be popular among the covenanted servants of King Jesus! This is one of the best books (in the top five anyway) for advanced study of the Christian faith. We have now obtained an easy-to-read, amazingly clear copy of this very rare, old treasure. Great price too, considering that a copy of the 1649 edition, containing this quality of print, would likely cost upwards of $1000 on the rare book market -- though it is unlikely you would ever see a copy for sale!" -- SWRB
The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

*RUTHERFORD, SAMUEL, (1600?-1661), The Glory, Majesty, Dominion and Power of Jesus Christ, 1643. Alternate title: A sermon preached to the Honorable House of Commons: at their late solemne fast, Wednesday, Janu. 31. 1643. By Samuel Rutherfurd, professor of Divinitie in the Universitie of St. Andrews. Published by order of the House of Commons. [Daniel 6:26] (Printed at London by Richard Cotes, for Richard Whittakers & Andrew Crooke, and are to bee sold at their shops in Pauls Church-Yard, 1644), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), 66 pages. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #9, #25, and #29, ISBN-10: 0921148836, ISBN-13: 9780921148838. Also available on the Amazing Christian Library, DVD Two, CD #7, 64 pages. A Christian classic.
"Here Rutherford covers a wide range of topics including Christ's kingship and dominion over civil governments, what lawful power (civil and ecclesiastical) is, God's providence, suffering (especially among those covenanted to Him), the oppression and martyrdom of the saints, the wrath of God, apologetics, the fear of God, the visible church, assurance and the weak believer, the free offer of the Gospel, the sovereignty of God, antinomianism, Arminianism, and much more. However, whatever the subject, Rutherford can be found focusing on and exalting the Lord Jesus Christ and His truth in a way that few others have been granted the ability to do -- notwithstanding the fact that he himself wrote, 'I have neither tongue nor pen to express to you the happiness of such as are in Christ' (Letters of Samuel Rutherford, p. 47). Classic Rutherford, preached before some of the most powerful civil leaders of his day!" -- SWRB "It hath been the sin of this Land, that when Episcopacy, Antichristian Ceremonies, Superstition, and Will-worship were enjoined by Law, to pleasure an earthly King, you willingly followed after the command, against the direction of the King of Kings: and now hath the Lord delivered the people of the Land into the hand of their KING. And for this the Sword of the Lord hath gone through the Land." -- Samuel Rutherford

*RUTHERFORD, SAMUEL, Letters of Samuel Rutherford (Puritan Paperback Series. Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust). ISBN: 0851511635. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #10, #21, ISBN: 0921148852 9780921148852. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #21. A Christian classic.
With a biographical introduction by Andrew Bonar. "These letters will ever be precious to all who are sensible of their own, and the church's decay and corruptions." -- Andrew Bonar
"Like a strong winged eagle he soars into the highest heaven and with unblenched eye he looks into the mystery of love divine. . . . When we are dead and gone let the world know that Spurgeon held RUTHERFORD'S LETTERS to be the nearest thing to inspiration which can be found in all the writings of mere men." -- C.H. Spurgeon
"Hold off the Bible, such a book the world never saw." -- Richard Baxter
Letters of Samuel Rutherford
http://www.puritansermons.com/toc.htm#RUTH
Letters of Samuel Rutherford
http://books.google.com/books?id=tI_iAAAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

*RUTHERFORD, SAMUEL, Lex, Rex (Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle Publications), ISBN: 0873779517. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #10, #25 ISBN: 0921148852 9780921148852. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Three, CD #18. A Christian classic.
Lex, rex is Latin for "law is king."
"LEX, REX is `the great political text of the Covenanters' (Johnston citing Innes in Treasury of the Scottish Covenant, p. 305.) `Rutherford was the first to formulate the great constitutional principle Lex est Rex -- the law is King . . . much of the doctrine has become the constitutional inheritance of all countries in modern times.' (Idem.)"
"Gilmour writes [in SAMUEL RUTHERFORD], 'that, as regards religious fervour, scholastic subtlety of intellect, and intensity of ecclesiastical conviction, Samuel Rutherford is the most distinctively representative Scotsman in the first half of the seventeenth century'." -- SWRB
"Without a doubt one of the greatest books on political philosophy ever written. Rutherford here has penned a great Christian charter of liberty against all forms of civil tyranny -- vindicating the Scriptural duty to resist tyrants as an act of loyalty to God." -- SWRB
"That resistance to lawful authority -- even when that authority so called has, in point of fact, set at nought all law -- is in no instance to be vindicated, will be held by those only who are the devotees of arbitrary power and passive obedience. The principles of Mr. Rutherford's LEX, REX, however obnoxious they may be to such men, are substantially the principles on which all government is founded, and without which the civil magistrate would become a curse rather than a blessing to a country. They are the very principles which lie at the basis of the British Constitution, and by whose tenure the House of Brunswick does at this very moment hold possession of the throne of these realms." -- Rev. Robert Burns, D.D., in his Preliminary Dissertation to WODROW'S CHURCH HISTORY
"Though Rutherford is affectionately remembered in our day for his Letters, or for laying the foundations of constitutional government (against the divine right of kings) in his unsurpassed LEX, REX, his Free Disputation should not be overlooked for it contains the same searing insights as Lex, Rex. In fact, this book should probably be known as Rutherford's 'politically incorrect' companion volume to LEX, REX. A sort of sequel aimed at driving pluralists and antinomians insane. Written against 'the Belgick Arminians, Socinians, and other Authors contending for lawlesse liberty, or licentious Tolerations of Sects and Heresies,' Rutherford explains the undiluted Biblical solution to moral relativism, especially as it is expressed in ecclesiastical and civil pluralism! (Corporate pluralism being a violation of the first commandment and an affront to the holy God of Scripture)." -- SWRB
"This [THE DUE RIGHT OF PRESBYTERIES OR A PEACEABLE PLEA FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND . . . ,] could be considered the LEX, REX of church government -- another exceedingly rare masterpiece of Presbyterianism! Characterized by Walker as sweeping `over a wider field than most'." -- SWRB
A HIND LET LOOSE by Alexander Shields is sometimes referred to as 'Lex, Rex volume two.'
Lex, Rex, or The Law and the Prince, Samuel Rutherford
"Rutherford is to be praised for his teaching that the king is subject to the law of God. The Bible has nothing but condemnation for those who 'frame mischief by a law' and declares rhetorically, 'Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee?' (Ps. 94:20). Deuteronomy 17 is the classic passage in defense of Lex, Rex, wherein the king is charged to ' . . . read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, to keep all the words of this law . . . .' (Deut. 17:19)."
http://www.natreformassn.org/lexrex/index.html
Lex, rex: the law and the prince, a dispute for the just prerogative of king and people, containing the reasons and causes of the defensive wars of the kingdom of Scotland, and of their expedition for the ayd and help of their brethren of England. In which a full answer is given to a seditious pamphlet, intituled, Sacro-sancta regum majestas, penned by J. Maxwell. By S. Rutherford. [Followed by] De jure regni apud Scotos; a dialogue, tr. by R. Macfarlan (repr. from the ed. of 1799).
http://books.google.com/books?id=jtYDAAAAQAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html
Lex, Rex, "Lawfulness to Resist Tyranny" (Samuel Rutherford)
http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/7947/LexRex.html
The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

*SHAW, J.W., Hephzibah Beulah. Our Covenants the National and Solemn League; and Covenanting by the Reformed Presbyterian Synod in America: Considered, 1872 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"A very useful, easy-to-read, introductory work (by an RPCNA minister) to the topics it deals with. General Scriptural pripciples upon which this book is based are:
1. Departure from former laudable attainments, is a great evil, severely threatened in the Holy Scriptures; and that for which every one, who is guilty, must be accountable to the Righteous Judge of all the earth.
2. They who consent unto the unrighteous deeds of others, are chargeable with guilt, as well as the principal actors.
3. Societies, or individuals, having once publicly and solemnly vowed unto the Most High God; and still, after the strictest enquiry, remain satisfied in their own mind, that their vows were scriptural; should seriously endeavor to act up to the true spirit and intention of these vows; and no power upon earth, nor any class of men, whether majority or minority, in a nation, can ever possibly dissolve the obligation.
"Chapters include: The National Covenant and Solemn League and Covenant reviewed; Their Binding Obligations Shown; The Possibility That Adherence to them May Be Professed, While They are Virtually Abandoned; The Covenant Sworn and Subscribed by Synod at Pittsburgh, May 27th, 1871; Is It a Renovation or a New Covenant?; The Covenant Does Not Contain All That the Church is Bound to in America; Charges Against the Covenant; Reason Why Some Who Do Not Like It, Swear It; The Covenants National and Solemn League Must Be Maintained." -- SWRB
Shaw, Rev. J. W., HEPHZIBAH BEULAH OUR COVENANTS THE NATIONAL AND SOLEMN LEAGUE; AND COVENANTING BY THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN SYNOD IN AMERICA: C O N S I D E R E D
http://truecovenanter.com/covenants/shaw_hephzibah_beulah.html

*SIBBES, RICHARD, The Faithful Covenanter, 1639 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #29, ISBN: 0921148283 9780921148289. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD One, CD #2. EEBO.
"An amazing sermon opening the narrow road of faithful covenanting -- as seen first and foremost in the Lord Jesus Christ, our perfect covenant keeper! Expounds on the four periods of time relating to the renewing of the covenant of grace in history. Shows that 'whatsoever we give the supremacy of the inward man to, whatsoever we love most, whatsoever we trust most, whatsoever we fear most, whatsoever we joy and delight in most, whatsoever we obey most -- that is our God.' Applies this to the first commandment, as a part of the law of the covenant, and works out the implications (which involve numerous areas). Goes on to give Scriptural marks whereby covenant keepers can be distinguished from covenant breakers and connects the everlasting covenant with the sacraments and their meaning. A meaty meal, recommended for those who are willing to advance theologically and practically." -- SWRB

*STEELE, DAVID (1803-1887), The Two Witnesses: Their Cause, Number, Character, Furniture and Special Work (1859). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #14, ISBN: 0921148925 9780921148920.
"This is a great companion volume to Steele's NOTES ON THE APOCALYPSE. Here Steele zeros in on and works primarily from the text of Revelation 11:13, "I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophecy.' Steele deals with testimony-bearing, Antichrist, Popery, the beasts of Revelation, the mark of the beast, 666, the image of the beast, civil and ecclesiastical apostasy, Reformation, covenanting, heresy, schism, terms of communion, slavery, sectarianism, Mormonism, Independency, freemasonry, history, worship, idolatry, Britain, the United States, Canada, mystical Babylon, the last days, the ultimate victory of the church and a host of other subjects!
"As is usually the case with Steele, he makes the doctrines of Scripture eminently practical. For example, note how the faithful witnesses are continually called to testify against open opposition to the Lord's Covenanted Zion and the attainments of biblical Reformation (in 'the faith which was once delivered unto the saints'); and against whom this testimony is directed:

"These witnesses are called and commissioned to testify especially against Antichrist -- a false christ, and therefore an opposing christ. But Christ is to be considered either personally or mystically; either abstractly in his personal rights and prerogatives, or in the concrete, in the rights and immunities of his church. There is this prejudice, too prevalent, against Christians testifying against Christians! This we are often told, is contrary to the law of charity. We have not so learned Christ. They are not all Israel which are of Israel. Much of the business of these two prophets is to oppose prophets -- to prophesy against the shepherds, Ezek. 34:2. Moses with his miracles must confront the magicians with their enchantments, Exod. 8:19. Elijah must confront the prophets of Baal, 1 Kings 18:25. Paul must counteract false apostles, 2 Cor. 11:13. In short, the direct object of these witnesses' testimony is apostate christendom -- those who depart from the faith, 1 Tim. 4:1 -- who have gone out from fellowship and renounced the doctrines of the apostolic church, 1 John 2:19. Their special work is to testify against error and its propagators and abettors, together with ungodliness, the natural fruit of error, rather than against pagans." -- The Two Witnesses, p. 14
"These two witnesses have always testified -- not formally against pagans or infidels as such; but -- against apostate Christians, as composing an organized and complex system of opposition to the Lord and his Anointed. And just here, the witnesses have detected the secret of Antichrist's successful enterprise among the human family . . . 'Many false prophets are gone out into the world. . . this is a deceiver and an Antichrist,' (2 John 7.) The combination is ostensibly on the side and in the interest of Christ, and the elements of which Antichrist is composed were obviously professing Christians, "They went out from us, but they were not of us, for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us,' (1 John 2:19.) Here is the apostasy, and so the witnesses are fully borne out in asserting that Antichrist is a great Christian apostasy! To trace the origin and development, in the organization and modifications of this enemy of all righteousness, is the special work of Christ's witnesses. The Two Witnesses, pp. 17-18
"Moreover, having taken his own place 'in the wilderness' (i.e. having separated himself from, and having been ostracized by the 'civilization' of the obstinately defecting RPCNA and other unfaithful denominations of his day [2 Thes. 3:6;14-15; Rev. 12:6; 17:3]), it was given to Steele to see and expound those grand old principles of our covenanted forefathers (who sat at Westminster and in the best Reformed churches during both the first and second Reformations -- the Scottish Presbyterians being granted the greatest measure of light as a settled body from 1638-1649).
"Thus, if you are interested in Reformation eschatology, with some of the strongest possible application, individually and corporately (in keeping with the body of Reformed truth), it is unlikely that you will find a better introduction to these topics than this!
"As an additional bonus we have added Steele's 19-page debate with James M. Willson (a prominent RPCNA minister) to this book (along with a number of other pertinent documents). Since Steele references this theological clash in his preface to the TWO WITNESSES this makes a fitting appendix to add to this work.
"We hope that you obtain and study this fine work -- and that you will find it edifying, as well as a useful weapon in your battle with the beasts of Revelation." -- SWRB
The two witnesses: their cause, number, character, furniture, and special work, 1859 by Steele, David (1803-1887)
http://www.covenanter.org/Steele/twowitnesses.htm

Steele, David (1826-1906), and Robert Hunter, In Memory of the Rev. David Steele, D.D., LL.D, (1826-1906) 66 pages. Alternate title: IN MEMORY OF THE REV. DAVID STEELE, D.D., LL.D, FOR FORTY-FIVE YEARS PASTOR OF THE FOURTH REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CONGREGATION OF PHILADELPHIA AND PROFESSOR IN THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN SEMINARY AT PHILADELPHIA FOR FORTY-THREE YEARS . . .
The author and subject is David Steele (1826-1906), who we assume is the son of David Steele (1803-1887).
"For forty-five years pastor of the Fourth Reformed Presbyterian Congregation of Philadelphia and professor in the Reformed Presbyterian Seminary at Philadelphia for forty-three years . . ."
In memory of the Rev. David Steele, D.D., LL.D. : for forty-five years pastor of the Fourth Reformed Presbyterian Congregation of Philadelphia and professor in the Reformed Presbyterian Seminary at Philadelphia for forty-three years .. (1907)
http://books.google.com/books?id=bcAEAAAAYAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html
http://www.archive.org/details/inmemoryofrevdav00stee

*THOMSON, JOHN HENDERSON (editor), JOHN MCMAIN, and DAVID SCOTT (introduction) A Cloud of Witnesses for the Royal Prerogatives of Jesus Christ Being the Last Speeches and Testimonies of Those who Have Suffered for the Truth in Scotland Since . . . 1680. Alternate title: "The Fifteenth Edition, Enlarged and Corrected: A Cloud of Witnesses, for the Royal Prerogatives of Jesus Christ: or, The Last Speeches and Testimonies Of those who have Suffered for the Truth in Scotland, since the year 1680: With an Appendix, Containing the Queensferry Paper; Torwood Excommunication; a Relation concerning Mr. Richard Cameron, Mr. Donald Cargil, and Henry Hall; and an Account of those who were killed without Process of Law, and banished to Foreign Lands: With a short View of some of the oppressive Exactions.
"With the Testimonies of John Nisbet the Younger, John Nisbet of Hardhill, Robert Miller, Thomas Harkness, &c. A Letter of John Semple's and of Archibald Stewart's. The Paper found upon Mr. Cameron at Airsmoss, and an Acrostick upon his name. The Testimony of John Finlay in Kilmarnock. The Epitaphs upon the Grave Stones of Mr. Samuel Rutherford, Mr. John Welwood, and the noble Patriots who fell at Pentland-hills, &c.
"Also includes The Testimony of some persecuted Presbyterian Ministers of the Gospel, unto the Covenanted Reformation of the Church of Scotland, and to the present expediency of continuing to preach the Gospel in the fields, and against the present Antichristian Toleration in its nature and design, &c. Given in to the Ministers at Edinburgh, by Mr. James Renwick, upon the 17th Jan. 1688. And Mr. Richard Cameron's Last Sermon; preached on Kype Water in Evandale, July 18th, 1680, three days before he was killed at Airs-moss. (Pittsburgh: Printed for David Reed, by Eichbaum & Johnston, 1824), (Hess Publications), (Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle Publications), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series and Hardback Bound. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books (1884 edition), ISBN: 0873779231. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God." (Hebrews 12:1,2)
"Presbyterian Covenanter martyrs of Scotland, their last speeches and testimonies. The first edition appeared in 1714, and as more material was collected it was added to the 15 editions that were printed over the next 100 years."
"An amazing book compiled to show how -- and especially why (from their own dying testimonies) -- the Covenanters suffered, bled and died. These brave martyrs for Christ laid the foundation for liberty and truth in both church and state. They have much to say to us today . . . . Though the issues and ferocity of persecution (by the Popes, prelates, and Erastians) were more obvious during the times covered in this book, the message to contemporary Christians could not be clearer: we are involved in a life and death struggle. Few books are this moving or this edifying -- a real treasure! (658 pp., 1884 ed.)." -- SWRB
The 1871 edition was praised by Spurgeon.
A Cloud of Witnesses, 1871 edition, free online e-text. Original from Oxford University. Digitized Aug 31, 2006.
http://books.google.com/books?id=4vMCAAAAQAAJ&dq=thomson+a+cloud+of+witnesses&ie=ISO-8859-1
See also, McMain, John, and John H. Thomson (editor); Thomson, John H.; and Scott, David (introduction).

Vincent, Thomas, 1634-1678, Godlinesse in principle and conversation a necessary preparative to the worlds dissolution and the escaping of future burnings / by Thomas Vincent, 1670, EEBO.

Walker, James, The Theology and Theologians of Scotland, 1560-1750 (Edinburgh: Knox Press, 1982).

Willson, James R. (1780-1853), and others, History of the Reformed Presbyterian Church: from the year 1580 to 1643 (bound with a collection of historical pamphlets), (S.l.: s.n.? 1845 1900).

WILLSON (WILSON), JAMES M., (1809-1866), Some Reasons for Retaining the Westminster Confession as the Basis of Ecclesiastical Union (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #24, ISBN: 0921148186 9780921148180.

Wilson, Daniel, Sir (1816-1892), Memorials of Edinburgh in the Olden Time. A Large Eye View of Edinburg in 1647, 2 volumes, 2nd edition (Edinburgh: A and C. Black, 1891).
Includes 123 illustrations, 41 full page. These are artist's renditions of the city in 1647.

Wilson, David, A modest apology for the conduct of Seceders: in refusing to join in Christian communion with Sectarians, Latitudinarians, &c., who have departed from the purity of the Reformation once attained to in these Kingdoms; in a letter to a gentleman. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27 ISBN: 0921148240 9780921148241.

Wodrow, Robert, and Robert Burns (contributor), The History of the Sufferings of the Church of Scotland, From the Restoration to the Revolution. The History of the Sufferings of the Church of Scotland, Google Books
http://books.google.com/books?id=ykYRAAAAIAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

*Wylie, James A., History of The Scottish Nation, in 3 volumes (London, England: Hamilton, Adams, and Company and Edinburg, Scotland: Andrew Elliot, 1886), Available (PROTESTANTISM IN SCOTLAND in two volumes and THE SCOTTISH REFORMATION [TER-CENTENARY]) on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #21.
http://www.reformation.org/history1.html

See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), Justice, the theology of judgment, god's final judgment, the great white throne judgment, the day of the lord, The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, God's deliverance of nations, Covenant theology and the ordinance of covenanting, The covenant of redemption, The covenant faithfulness of god, Sexual relationship, Oaths, ensnaring (vows, promises, covenants) and bonds with the ungodly, An introduction to the covenanted reformation, Background and history of the covenanted reformation of scotland, Biography of covenanters, The national covenant, The solemn league and covenant, The covenanted reformation of scotland, The covenanted reformation of scotland short title listing, Biography of covenanters, Acts of faithful assemblies, Covenanting in america, The scottish covenanting struggle, alexander craighead, and the mecklenburg declaration, Confession of national sin and covenant renewal, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, God's sovereign hand in history, History, "his-story," Church history, The history of reformation of the church, A theological interpretation of american history, Revisionist history
TCRB5: 877-883, 2527

Related WebLinks

Lectures on the Principles of the Second Reformation
http://www.covenanter.org/RPScotland/Principles/lecturesonthesecondreformation.htm

Covenanted Reformed Presbyterian Publications
http://www.truecovenanter.com/publish/

The Reformation in England 1 of 2 (the Providential Historical Preparation for the Westminster Assembly)
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12607144153

The Reformation in England 2 of 2 (and America)
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=126071623510

Great Moments in Presbyterian History #2
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Great Movements in Presbyterian History, 34 min.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12160371538

*Presbyterian Heritage Publications, Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library and Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library (Dallas, TX [Presbyterian Heritage Publications, P.O. Box 180922, Dallas, 75218]: Presbyterian Heritage Publications, 1999).

The Departure from the Puritan Heritage
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Puritan Heritage, 52 min.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=92903104657

The Scottish Covenanting Struggle, Alexander Craighead, and the Mecklenburg Declaration
http://www.lettermen2.com/craig.html

Calvin's Commentary on Hosea
http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/m.sion/calvhose.htm

Geneva Study Bible, 1599
http://bible.crosswalk.com/Commentaries/GenevaStudyBible/

Timeline: 1600 to 1640 Undiscovered Scotland: The Ultimate Online Guide
http://www.undiscoveredscotland.com/usfeatures/timeline/to1640.html

Anti-Romanist Homepage
http://www.covenanter.org/Romanism/romanism.htm



An Introduction to the Covenanted Reformation

Black, John (1768-1849), Church fellowship. A Sermon preached at the Opening of the Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia, May 16, 1816.
http://www.covenanter.org/JBlack/ChurchFellowship/sermon.htm

*BROWN, JOHN (OF WAMPHRAY, 1610?-1679), Corporate Sanctification: Holding Fast the Attainments of Reformation. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678.
"An overview of the Covenanter doctrine of reformation attainments by one of the great Covenanter theologians. Helpful in dispelling false charges of Anabaptism and perfectionism laid at the feet of faithful Covenanters by schismatics. John Brown was one of Samuel Rutherford's best students." -- SWRB
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/attain.htm

*GILLESPIE, GEORGE, Ezekiel's Vision of Millennial Glory, Preparation for Coming Reformation and a Remedy for Backsliding and Lukewarmness. Available (THE PURITAN FAST SERMONS, 1640-1652, THE WORKS OF GEORGE GILLESPIE, and as two MP3 files) on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available (two MP3 files) on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18, ISBN: 0921148933 9780921148937.
"This sermon was originally preached to England's House of Commons 'At Their Late Solemn Fast, Wednesday, March 27, 1644.' It is taken from volume one of Gillespie's two volume WORKS. It gives great insight into the covenanted unity, uniformity and worldwide Reformation sought by the majority of the Westminster Divines and the best of the civil leaders of Gillespie's day. Gillespie searchingly deals with the individual, the church and the state, while painting a Scriptural picture of prophesied earthly victory (Isa. 2:2-5, Ezek 47:1-12, etc.) -- in classic historicist postmillennial style -- which is sure to stir even the coldest Christian heart. He shows how the worst disease the land can suffer is corruption in religion (particularly as exhibited in false worship), rebukes those opposing the Solemn League and Covenant and calls upon all to maintain (and even improve upon) the Reformation attainments 'whereunto we have already attained' (Phil. 3:16). It is also interesting to note, especially since this sermon was preached before civil rulers, that though Gillespie points out the need for humility, repentance, prayer, tears, godly affections, sanctified minds and honorable actions, he does not forget to mention the importance of a covenanted army in this great cause of Christ's covenanted Reformation. Also noted is the destruction of Antichrist, the calling and conversion of the Jews (Rom. 11), the two witnesses and the 1260 year apostasy. Gillespie closes with an appeal to the English House of Commons, with whom the Scots had 'joined in covenant and in arms,' to be faithful 'according to the word he (God -- RB) hath covenanted with you (i.e. in the Solemn League and Covenant--RB), so his spirit remaineth among you' -- exhorting these magistrates to 'fear not' but to 'be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.' This is classic Covenanter preaching, among the best sermons you may ever hear!" -- SWRB

*GILLESPIE, PATRICK, The Ark of the Covenant Opened; Or, A Treatise of the Covenant of Redemption Between God and Christ, as the Foundation of the Covenant of Grace, 1677.

*HEWISON, JAMES KING, The Covenanters: A History of the Church in Scotland From the Reformation to the Revolution, 1908, 2 volumes (1908). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25, ISBN: 0921148208 9780921148203. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #24. ATLA 1988-1839
"Smellie, in his preface to Men of the Covenant, calls this set a 'great treatise on the Covenanters -- a treatise which covers the entire field and seems to leave no word unsaid.' Hewison states that he desired to produce '[a]n absolutely impartial account of the Covenanters.' He also notes that 'certain definite conclusions regarding the Covenanters, as a rigid sect in the Christian Church, and as a restless, rebellious political party in the 16th and 17th centuries, have been arrived at by many students; and, as a general rule, a far from favourable estimate of these brave and defensible patriots has been based upon generalizations which will not bear investigation.' Moreover, he recognizes the Covenanters for who they were: 'one of the most extraordinary orders of devotees which the civilized world ever saw.' The work is enhanced by photographic reproductions of portraits, pictures, and Covenants. Considered by some as the definitive work on the Covenanters (over 1100 pages). If you are going to study church history after the Apostles, no other group or time period offers as much edifying material. This set is sure to put a fiery zeal in the soul of all those who love the Lord Jesus Christ. Great price too!" -- SWRB
The Covenanters: A History of the Church in Scotland from the Reformation to the Revolution
http://books.google.com/books?id=tdNLAAAAMAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

*KNOX, JOHN (1505-1572), The History of the Reformation in Scotland (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust). ISBN: 0851513581. Available in WORKS OF JOHN KNOX on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678. A Christian classic.
"It breaths with the spirit of excitement and expectation, being told by the author from his experience as an eyewitness and participant in the unfolding drama of the work of God in 16th century Scotland." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
"Knox portrayed the origins and development of a movement and not a mere chronology of events . . . Knox based his arguments on original sources and he often cited the documents in full. When KNOX'S HISTORY is compared to the contemporary vernacular narratives of Bishop Leslie and Sir James Melville, the superiority of Knox's work becomes evident. For the most part, these writers were preoccupied with petty details and had no conception of the momentous issues that hung on the events they recorded . . . Knox used history to demonstrate his single-track philosophy. And his philosophy said: 'The hearts of men, their thoughts, and their actions are but in the hands of God.' Lee said KNOX'S HISTORY was a sermon without an audience, a preaching book, one long inflammatory speech in behalf of God's truth as the reformer saw it.' (Kyle, The Mind of John Knox, p. 13). Our editions of volumes one and two of KNOX'S WORKS contain the only full, unedited version of Knox's massive HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION IN SCOTLAND available today." -- SWRB

*MCFEETERS, J.C., Sketches of the Covenanters Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678. A Christian classic.
"Stirring accounts of sacrifice and martyrdom for the Reformed Faith that will bring tears to eyes of all but the backslidden. Follows the chain of events which gave Scotland two Reformations and a Revolution. Knox, the National Covenant, the Westminster Assembly, the Field Meetings, and much more is covered. The history of great battles for Christ and His royal rights are recounted in this moving history book. Sheds much light upon the warfare with the dragon for true liberty. One of our best history books, highly recommended!" -- SWRB Sketches of the Covenanters
http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/13570

*PRICE, GREG Covenant Theology and its Implications. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27 and #28. ISBN: 0921148240 9780921148241. Available on Puritan Bookshelf CD #16.
"An easy-to-understand introduction to the basics of covenant theology. Explains what covenant theology is, while adducing a number of practical and theological implications which must follow when this view of Scripture is adopted. Shows how covenant theology is (and was) foundational to all true Reformation. Refutes Dispensationalism. Includes overviews (with Scripture proofs) of the covenant of Redemption, the covenant of Works and the covenant of Grace. In short, Price proclaims the classic Reformed position on covenants (and the implications of covenant theology) as it has been declared in the best Reformed Confessions (e.g. The Westminster Confession of Faith [1646]) and in books like The Marrow of Modern Divinity (by Fisher and Boston), The Covenant of Life Opened (by Samuel Rutherford), The Ark of the Covenant Opened and The Ark of the Testament Opened by Patrick Gillespie and The Life of Justification Opened (by John Brown of Wamphray). This is the best single tape sermon on covenant theology that we have knowledge of." -- SWRB
Covenant Theology and Its Implications a sermon by Greg Price
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=22801202653

Purves, Jock, Fair Sunshine (The Banner of Truth Trust, 1968), LCCN: 68141491. The material in this volume consists of two works: SWEET BELIEVING, 1948, and FAIR SUNSHINE, 1957.
Character studies of the Scottish Covenanters.
Fair Sunshine: Character Studies of the Scottish Covenanters
http://books.google.com/books?id=2WxvHwAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html
An Outline of Scottish 'Covenant History' in the 17th Century From Purves' Book FAIR SUNSHINE
http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?cov_intro.htm

*REFORMED PRESBYTERY (AMERICA, "STEELITE"), DAVID STEELE (1803-1887), JOHN THORBURN (1730?-1788), JOHN COURTASS (d. 1795), et al., Act, Declaration, And Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To, And Established In, Britain and Ireland; Particularly Betwixt The Years 1638 and 1649, Inclusive. As, Also, Against All The Steps Of Defection From Said Reformation, Whether In Former Or Later Times, Since The Overthrow Of That Glorious Work, Down To This Present Day (1876), (A new edition of the Ploughlandhead Testimony of 1761, the subordinate standard of the "Steelite" Reformed Presbytery, 1850). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678.
"Upholds the original work of the Westminster Assembly and testifies to the abiding worth and truth formulated in the Westminster family of documents. Upholds and defends the crown rights of King Jesus in church and state, denouncing those who would remove the crown from Christ's head by denying His right to rule (by His law) in both the civil and ecclesiastical spheres. Testifies to the received doctrine, government, worship, and discipline of the Church of Scotland in her purest (reforming) periods. Applies God's Word to the Church's corporate attainments 'with a judicial approbation of the earnest contendings and attainments of the faithful, and a strong and pointed judicial condemnation of error and the promoters thereof' (The Contending Witness magazine, Dec. 17/93, p. 558). Shows the church's great historical victories (such as the National and Solemn League and Covenant, leading to the Westminster Assembly) and exposes her enemies actions (e.g. the Prelacy of Laud; the Independency, sectarianism, covenant breaking and ungodly toleration set forth by the likes of Cromwell [and the Independents that conspired with him]; the Erastianism and civil sectarianism of William of Orange, etc.). It is not likely that you will find a more consistent working out of the principles of Calvinism anywhere. Deals with the most important matters relating to the individual, the family, the church and the state. Sets forth a faithful historical testimony of God's dealings with men during some of the most important days of church history. A basic text that should be mastered by all Christians." -- SWRB
Act, Declaration, And Testimony (1876)
http://www.covenanter.org/RefPres/actdeclarationandtestimony/acttitle.htm
Act, Declaration, & Testimony for the Whole of our Covenanted Reformation (1876 Reformed Presbytery, America, Steelite)
The Project Gutenberg text was prepared by members of The Reformed Presbytery North America using the Reformed Presbytery (America, Steelite) text of the 1876 edition.
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/13200/13200.txt
The electronic text found at ManyBooks.com is the Project Gutenberg text.
http://manybooks.net/pages/presbyteryr13201320013200-8/0.html

Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #1
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=81907517162
Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #2
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=926071233170
Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #3
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=92707111830
Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #4
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=927071140420
*RENWICK, JAMES and ALEXANDER SHIELDS, AND OTHER "SOCIETY PEOPLE," An informatory vindication of a poor, wasted, misrepresented remnant of the suffering, anti-prelatic, anti-Erastian . . . , 1744, 142 pages. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27 ISBN: 0921148240 9780921148241.
"INFORMATORY VINDICATION (1687), a statement of principles issued by the Society People (see Societies, United) during James VII's reign. Prepared mainly by James Renwick, latterly in consultation with Alexander Shields, it was published in Utrecht. Its full title reflects something of the contents: AN INFORMATORY VINDICATION OF A POOR WASTED MISREPRESENTED REMNANT OF THE SUFFERING ANTI-POPISH ANTI-PRELATIC ANTI-ERASTIAN ANTI-SECTARIAN TRUE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF CHRIST IN SCOTLAND UNITED TOGETHER IN A GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. BY WAY OF REPLY TO VARIOUS ACCUSATIONS IN LETTERS INFORMATIONS AND CONFERENCES GIVEN FORTH AGAINST THEM. It refuted charges brought against the 'Remnant' of schism (in their eyes a great evil) . . . The VINDICATION mourned the estrangement from other Presbyterians who had accepted the government's INDULGENCES OR EDICTS OF TOLERATION, and expressed love for them as fellow-ministers 'with whom again we would desire to have communion in ordinances'. The separation had been forced upon the Society People by the tyranny and temper of the times, but it did not affect their position as being in the succession of the historic Kirk of Scotland. The document aimed to clear away the hostility and misunderstanding about them that had grown up in Scotland and Holland." (Cameron, editor, Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology, p. 429)
"In proof of the catholic, unsectarian, Christian spirit of Renwick and his followers, the clear statements of the INFORMATORY VINDICATION, the work which most fully and clearly defines their position, may be referred to . . . In these noble utterances, we have strikingly exemplified the true spirit of Christian brotherhood . . . This is the genuine import of the vow of the Solemn League and Covenant, which binds Covenanters to regard whatever is done to the least of them, as done to all and to every one in particular. While firmly holding fast all Scriptural attainments, and contending 'earnestly for the faith once delivered to the saints,' we should cordially rejoice in the evidences of grace in Christ's servants wherever we find them. We should love them as brethren, fulfil the law of Christ by bearing their burdens, wish them God speed in all that they are doing for the advancement of His glory, and fervently labour and pray for the coming of the happy period when divisions and animosities shall cease, and when there shall be one King, and His name one in all the earth. The testimony of Renwick and his associates is of permanent value and of special importance in our day, as it was directed against systems of error and idolatry, which serve to corrupt the Church and enslave the State. Against Popery in every form Renwick was a heroic and uncompromising witness. At the peril of life, he publicly testified against the usurpation of the papist James, and rejected him as having no claim to be regarded as a constitutional sovereign, and as utterly disqualified to reign in a Protestant reformed land. This was the main ground of his objection against James' toleration, for which the Indulged ministers tendered obsequious thanks to the usurper. Yet this edict of toleration was issued for the purpose of opening the way for the practice of Rome's abominations, and for the advancement of papists to places of power and trust in the nation. None of the Cameronians would, for any earthly consideration, even to save their lives, for a moment admit that a papist had any right to exercise political power in a reformed land. Our martyred forefathers we regard as worthy of high respect and imitation, for their deeply cherished dread of the growing influence of Popery, and for their determined resistance to its exclusive and extravagant claims. The system of Popery is the abnegation of all precious gospel truth; and is a complete politico-religious confederacy against the best interests of a Protestant nation. The boast of its abettors is that it is semper eadem ever the same. Rome cannot reform herself from within, and she is incapable of reformation from external influences and agencies. The Bible never speaks of Antichrist as to be reformed, but as waxing worse and worse till the time when he shall be completely subverted and irrecoverably destroyed. Whatever changes may be going on in some Popish countries, whereby the power of the Papacy is weakened, it is evident that the principles and spirit of the Romish priesthood, and of those who are under their influence, remain unchanged. The errors of the Antichristian system, instead of being diminished, have of late years increased. Creature worship has become more marked and general. The Immaculate Conception has been proclaimed by Papal authority as the creed of Romanism. In these countries, and some other Protestant lands, the influence of Popery in government and education, and so on the whole social system, has been greatly on the increase. Among those who have most deeply studied inspired prophecy, there is a general expectation that the period of Babylon's downfall is hastening on, and is not far distant. There is a general presentiment too, that the Man of Sin, prior to his downfall, will make some dire and violent attempt through his infatuated followers against the truth, and against such as faithfully maintain it. The 'Slaying of the Witnesses,' which we are disposed to regard as yet future may take place, not so much by the actual shedding of blood, though it is plain that Jesuit policy and violence will not hesitate to re-enact former persecution and massacre, to accomplish a desired purpose. It may mainly be effected, as Scott, the expositor, suggests, by silencing the voice of a public testimony in behalf of fundamental truths throughout Christendom; and of this there are at present unmistakable signs not a few, throughout the churches in various countries. The Protestant church in all its sections should be thoroughly awake to its danger from the destructive errors, idolatry and power of its ancient irreconcilable enemy; and should, by all legitimate means, labour to counteract and nullify its political influence. The ministry and the rising youth of the church should study carefully the Popish controversy, and should be intimately acquainted with the history of the rise and progress of the Papacy its assumed blasphemous power its accumulated errors and delusions, and its plots, varied persecutions and cruel butcheries of Christ's faithful witnesses. Above all, they should set themselves earnestly, prayerfully and perseveringly to diffuse the Bible and Gospel light in the dark parts of their native country, and among Romanists in other lands. By embracing fully and holding fast, in their practical application, the principles of the British Covenants, and by imbibing the spirit of covenanted martyrs men like Renwick and the Cameronians, we will be prepared for the last conflict with Antichrist. The firm and faithful maintenance of a martyr-testimony will be a principle instrument of the victory of truth over the error and idolatry of Rome. 'They overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death,' (Rev. 12:11.) Finally, the testimony of Renwick is valuable, as throwing light on great evils connected with systems of civil government, and with Protestant churches, and as pointing out clearly the duty of faithful witnesses in relation to them. Two great principles, the one doctrinal, and the other practical, were essential to it, or rather constituted its whole specialty. These were, first, that, according to the national vows, and the reformation attainments, the whole civil polity of the nation should be conformed to the Scriptures, and secondly, the positive duty of distinct separation from whatever systems in the state and church that are opposed to entire allegiance to Messiah the Prince" (Houston, The Life of James Renwick, pp. 52-55).
"Some of them, particularly in Scotland, loved not their lives unto death for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held. Rev. vi. 9. These refused to have communion in public ordinances not only with prelatical ministers, but even with the acceptors of indulgences or licenses from the civil power, to exercise their ministry under certain limitations. The INFORMATORY VINDICATION, which certainly contains the genuine principles of church communion, held by the sufferers for the cause of Christ in that period, declares, that they could by no means own or countenance the administrations of the indulged ministers; because they considered the indulgence, in any of the forms in which it was granted by the civil power, as derived from the supremacy claimed by that power in ecclesiastical matters; as laying the office of the ministry under unwarrantable restriction; and as tending, in a great measure, to suppress and bury the covenanted reformation, cf. Informatory Vindication, Head iv." (Anderson, Alexander and Rufus; or a Series of Dialogues on Church Communion [1862], p. 294)
"To the friends of evangelical truth, and the faithful witnesses for the redeemer's royal prerogatives, the services of Renwick, at the crisis in which he exercised his public ministry, were invaluable. He was eminently the man for the time. Through the influence of the unhappy Indulgence, the strict Covenanters were reduced to what they style themselves in the Informatory Vindication, a 'wasted, suffering, anti-popish, anti-prelatic, anti-erastian, anti-sectarian remnant.' By the death of Cargill and Cameron, they were left as 'sheep without a shepherd,' broken and scattered. Through the fierceness of persecution, and the machinations of enemies, they were in danger of falling into confusion, and of being entirely wasted and destroyed. We admire the gracious providence of God in preparing, at this particular crisis, an instrument of such rare and suitable endowments for feeding 'the flock in the wilderness,' and for unfurling and upholding so nobly the 'Banner of Truth' amidst hosts of infuriated enemies. James Renwick, though a very youth when he entered on his arduous work, and trained under great outward disadvantages, had a powerful and well-cultivated mind. He was endowed with singular administrative talent, and had great tact and skill in managing men. He was an acute and logical thinker, an eloquent and attractive public speaker, and was distinguished by fertility and force as a writer. The INFORMATORY VINDICATION his testimony against King James' 'toleration, with his 'Letters,' and 'Sermons and Lectures,' bear ample evidence of his sound judgment, comprehensive mind, and ability as an author. His prudence, meekness and loving disposition, combined with his sanctified zeal, and heroic courage, deservedly gave him great influence among those to whom he ministered. He was eminently fitted to be 'a first man among men.' The Lord held him in the hollow of his hand, and made him a 'polished shaft in his quiver.' The services which Renwick rendered to the Protestant cause were invaluable. He organized the scattered remnant, and imparted new life and ardour to their proceedings. He set forth clearly the principles of the 'Society people;' and in a number of able and logical papers, clearly defined their plans of action. He rendered it, in a great measure, impossible for enemies to misrepresent and accuse them falsely to the Government. He was their Secretary in their correspondence with foreign churches; and he did much to evoke the prayerful sympathy of Protestants in other lands in behalf of the victims of persecution in Scotland. The presence and influence of Renwick among the suffering Presbyterians were of the highest importance in his own day; and not to them alone, but also to the whole church of Christ in these lands, and to the constitutional liberties of the nation. So far as we can see, but for the singular power and devoted spirit of Renwick, and the firm and unyielding position which the Cameronians through him were led to assume, the cause of truth would have been completely borne down, and Erastianism, and Popery, and Despotism had triumphed. Renwick and his followers were the vanguard 'in the struggle for Britain's liberties, and for the Church's spiritual independence.' Though, like other patriots born before their time, they were doomed to fall, yet posterity owes to them a large part of the goodly heritage which they enjoy. (Houston, The Life of James Renwick [1865], pp. 36-37). Emphases added throughout the preceding quotations. This is a very rare and valuable specimen of Paleopresbyterian (Covenanter) thought don't miss it! 142 pages, plus new material added by the present publisher." -- SWRB
An Informatory Vindication, 1687, James, Renwick, Alexander Shields and Other "Society People"
http://www.truecovenanter.com/societies/informatory_vindication.html

*ROBERTS, WILLIAM L. (1798-1864), The Duty of Nations, in Their National Capacity, to Acknowledge and Support the True Religion, 1853 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25, ISBN: 0921148208 9780921148203.
"Excerpted from THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM below, this book deals with the inescapable necessity, of the demand found in the Word of God, for the Civil establishment of Christ as King and Lawgiver over every nation on earth. If you are sick of the cease-fire with humanism, set forth by the syncretistic, Satanic and pragmatic pagan politicians of our day (those who bargain with votaries of Antichrist [the Pope], publicly tolerate all manner of false religions (e.g. Islam) and idolatry, and compose their policy and draw their pretended authority from the beast [and not the Word of God], this book is for you! For all pagan politics is summed up in the words of the Cameronian (Covenanter) political philosopher Alexander Shields, as 'rotting away under the destructive distempers of detestable neutrality, loathsome lukewarmness, declining, and decaying in corruptions, defections, divisions, distractions, confusions; and so judicially infatuated with darkness and delusions, that they forget and forego the necessary testimony of the day' (A Hind let Loose, 1797 edition, p. 20). Pick up this book and begin the political walk in the 'footsteps of the flock,' traveling the covenanting road of Reformation and Scripture (with the magisterial Reformers of the past)!" -- SWRB
On the Duty of Covenanting and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants, being section 11 in the Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, 1853, by William L. Roberts
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/PresCatCov.htm
A Hind Let Loose; Or An Historical Representation OF THE TESTIMONIES OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND. . . . by Mr. ALEXANDER SHIELDS, Minister of the Gospel, in St. Andrews. , EEBO.
http://www.covenanter.org/AShields/Hind/Hindletloosetitle.htm
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html

*ROBERTS, WILLIAM L. (1798-1864), The Reformed Presbyterian Catechism (New York, NY: R. Craighead, 1853), ISBN: 0524065543 9780524065549. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. ATLA 1991-2638.
A magnificent catechism that sets forth the Crown Rights of The King of Glory and Lord of Lords. It also presents incontrovertible evidence that the United States Constitution is not a Christian document, and that it is, in fact, a slavery document.
See also: THE SCOTTISH COVENANTING STRUGGLE, ALEXANDER CRAIGHEAD, AND THE MECKLENBURG DECLARATION, SECRET PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, CONSPIRACY IN PHILADELPHIA: THE ORIGINS OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION, and A THEOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF AMERICAN HISTORY.
"A manual of instruction, drawing from such notable authors as William Symington and J.R. Willson, presenting 'arguments and facts confirming and illustrating the 'Distinctive Principles' of the Reformed Presbyterian Church. Chapters deal with: 'Christ's Mediatorial Dominion in general;' Christ's exclusive Headship over the Church;' 'The Supreme and Ultimate Authority of the Word of God in the Church;' Civil Government, the Moral Ordinance of God;' Christ's Headship over the Nations;' 'The Subjection of the Nations to God and to Christ;' The Word, or Revealed Will of God, the Supreme Law in the State;' 'The Duty of Nations, in their National Capacity, to acknowledge and support the True Religion:' 'The Spiritual Independence of the Church of Christ:' 'The Right and Duty of Dissent from an Immoral Constitution of Civil Government;' 'The Duty of Covenanting, and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants;' 'The Application of these Principles to the Governments, where Reformed Presbyterians reside, in the form of a Practical Testimony;' and finally 'Application of the Testimony to the British Empire.' A most important book, as we approach (possibly) the end of the great apostasy and will be in need of preparing for the dawning of the glorious millennial blessings to come; the days prophesied in which the church 'shalt also suck the milk of the Gentiles, and shalt suck the breast of kings' (Isa. 60:16)." -- SWRB
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html

*RUTHERFORD, SAMUEL, A Free Disputation Against Pretended Liberty of Conscience, 1649 edition. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #9, #25, and #26, ISBN: 0921148836 9780921148838. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #21.
"Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION, though scarce, is still one of his most important works with maybe only a few copies of the actual book left in existence. Though Rutherford is affectionately remembered in our day for his LETTERS, or for laying the foundations of constitutional government (against the divine right of kings) in his unsurpassed LEX, REX his FREE DISPUTATION should not be overlooked for it contains the same searing insights as LEX, REX. In fact, this book should probably be known as Rutherford's 'politically incorrect' companion volume to LEX, REX. A sort of sequel aimed at driving pluralists and antinomians insane. Written against 'the Belgick Arminians, Socinians, and other Authors contending for lawlesse liberty, or licentious Tolerations of Sects and Heresies,' Rutherford explains the undiluted Biblical solution to moral relativism, especially as it is expressed in ecclesiastical and civil pluralism! (Corporate pluralism being a violation of the first commandment and an affront to the holy God of Scripture). He also deals with conscience, toleration, penology (punishment), and the judicial laws, as related to both the civil and ecclesiastical realms. Excellent sections are also included which address questions related to determining the fundamentals of religion, how covenants bind us, the perpetual obligation of social covenants (with direct application to the Solemn League and Covenant and the covenant-breaking of Cromwell and his sectarian supporters), whether the punishing of seducing teachers be persecution of conscience, and much more. Walker adds these comments and context regarding Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION, 'The principle of toleration was beginning to be broached in England, and in a modified shape to find acceptance there. Samuel Rutherford was alarmed, or rather, I should say, he was horrified, for he neither feared the face of man or argument. He rushed to the rescue of the good old view . . . It is not so easy to find a theoretical ground for toleration; and Rutherford has many plausible things to say against it. With the most perfect confidence, he argues that it is alike against Scripture and common sense that you should have two religions side by side. It is outrageous ecclesiastically, it is sinful civilly. He does not, however, take what I call the essentially persecuting ground. He does not hold that the magistrate is to punish religion as religion. Nay, he strongly maintains that the civil magistrate never aims at the conscience. The magistrate, he urges, does not send anyone, whether a heretic (who is a soul murderer -- RB) or a murderer, to the scaffold with the idea of producing conversion or other spiritual result, but to strengthen the foundations of civil order. But if he gives so much power to the king, he is no lover of despotism withal: the king himself must be under law. To vindicate this great doctrine is the object of another book, the celebrated LEX, REX; of which it has been said by one competent to judge, that it first clearly developed the constitutionalism which all men now accept' (Theology and Theologians . . ., pp. 11-12). In our day Francis Schaeffer, and numerous others, have critiqued many of the problems found in modern society, but most have spent little time developing explicitly Biblical solutions especially regarding the theoretical foundations that Rutherford addresses here. Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION provides a detailed blueprint for laying the foundations that must be laid before any lasting, God-honoring solutions will be found. Furthermore, Rutherford and his writings were the enemies of all governments not covenanted with Christ. This book will give you a very clear picture as to why 'the beast' (civil and ecclesiastical) has reserved his special hatred for such teaching. As Samuel Wylie noted '[t]he dispute, then, will not turn upon the point whether religion should be civilly established . . . but it is concerning what religion ought to be civilly established and protected, -- whether the religion of Jesus alone should be countenanced by civil authority, or every blasphemous, heretical, and idolatrous abomination which the subtle malignity of the old serpent and a heart deceitful above all things and desperately wicked, can frame and devise, should be put on an equal footing therewith" (The Two Sons of Oil; or, the Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis, softcover). Can our generation swallow Rutherford's hard, anti-pluralistic, Covenanter medicine, poured forth from the bottle of the first commandment, without choking on their carnal dreams of a free and righteous society divorced from God (and His absolute claims upon everyone and everything)? Not without the enabling power of the Holy Spirit -- that is for sure! In summary, this book answers all the hardest questions theonomists (and their wisest and best opponents) have been asking for the last 20-30 years (and these answers are much more in depth than any we have seen in the last couple of millennia [less about a century to account for the apostles]). As the reader will discover, Rutherford was a wealthy man when it came to wisdom (and much advanced theologically), and those who take the time to gaze into the King's treasure house, as exhibited in this book, will find that they are greatly rewarded. Furthermore, because of its uncompromising stand upon the Word of God, this book is sure to be unpopular among a wicked and adulterous generation. However, on the other hand, it is sure to be popular among the covenanted servants of King Jesus! This is one of the best books (in the top five anyway) for advanced study of the Christian faith. We have now obtained an easy-to-read, amazingly clear copy of this very rare, old treasure. Great price too, considering that a copy of the 1649 edition, containing this quality of print, would likely cost upwards of $1000 on the rare book market -- though it is unlikely you would ever see a copy for sale!" -- SWRB
The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

*RUTHERFORD, SAMUEL, (1600?-1661), The Glory, Majesty, Dominion and Power of Jesus Christ, 1643. Alternate title: A sermon preached to the Honorable House of Commons: at their late solemne fast, Wednesday, Janu. 31. 1643. By Samuel Rutherfurd, professor of Divinitie in the Universitie of St. Andrews. Published by order of the House of Commons. [Daniel 6:26] (Printed at London by Richard Cotes, for Richard Whittakers & Andrew Crooke, and are to bee sold at their shops in Pauls Church-Yard, 1644), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), 66 pages. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #9, #25, and #29, ISBN-10: 0921148836, ISBN-13: 9780921148838. Also available on the Amazing Christian Library, DVD Two, CD #7, 64 pages. A Christian classic.
"Here Rutherford covers a wide range of topics including Christ's kingship and dominion over civil governments, what lawful power (civil and ecclesiastical) is, God's providence, suffering (especially among those covenanted to Him), the oppression and martyrdom of the saints, the wrath of God, apologetics, the fear of God, the visible church, assurance and the weak believer, the free offer of the Gospel, the sovereignty of God, antinomianism, Arminianism, and much more. However, whatever the subject, Rutherford can be found focusing on and exalting the Lord Jesus Christ and His truth in a way that few others have been granted the ability to do -- notwithstanding the fact that he himself wrote, 'I have neither tongue nor pen to express to you the happiness of such as are in Christ' (Letters of Samuel Rutherford, p. 47). Classic Rutherford, preached before some of the most powerful civil leaders of his day!" -- SWRB "It hath been the sin of this Land, that when Episcopacy, Antichristian Ceremonies, Superstition, and Will-worship were enjoined by Law, to pleasure an earthly King, you willingly followed after the command, against the direction of the King of Kings: and now hath the Lord delivered the people of the Land into the hand of their KING. And for this the Sword of the Lord hath gone through the Land." -- Samuel Rutherford

*RUTHERFORD, SAMUEL, Lex, Rex (Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle Publications), ISBN: 0873779517. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #10, #25 ISBN: 0921148852 9780921148852. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Three, CD #18. A Christian classic.
Lex, rex is Latin for "law is king."
"LEX, REX is `the great political text of the Covenanters' (Johnston citing Innes in Treasury of the Scottish Covenant, p. 305.) `Rutherford was the first to formulate the great constitutional principle Lex est Rex -- the law is King . . . much of the doctrine has become the constitutional inheritance of all countries in modern times.' (Idem.)"
"Gilmour writes [in SAMUEL RUTHERFORD], 'that, as regards religious fervour, scholastic subtlety of intellect, and intensity of ecclesiastical conviction, Samuel Rutherford is the most distinctively representative Scotsman in the first half of the seventeenth century'." -- SWRB
"Without a doubt one of the greatest books on political philosophy ever written. Rutherford here has penned a great Christian charter of liberty against all forms of civil tyranny -- vindicating the Scriptural duty to resist tyrants as an act of loyalty to God." -- SWRB
"That resistance to lawful authority -- even when that authority so called has, in point of fact, set at nought all law -- is in no instance to be vindicated, will be held by those only who are the devotees of arbitrary power and passive obedience. The principles of Mr. Rutherford's LEX, REX, however obnoxious they may be to such men, are substantially the principles on which all government is founded, and without which the civil magistrate would become a curse rather than a blessing to a country. They are the very principles which lie at the basis of the British Constitution, and by whose tenure the House of Brunswick does at this very moment hold possession of the throne of these realms." -- Rev. Robert Burns, D.D., in his Preliminary Dissertation to WODROW'S CHURCH HISTORY
"Though Rutherford is affectionately remembered in our day for his Letters, or for laying the foundations of constitutional government (against the divine right of kings) in his unsurpassed LEX, REX, his Free Disputation should not be overlooked for it contains the same searing insights as Lex, Rex. In fact, this book should probably be known as Rutherford's 'politically incorrect' companion volume to LEX, REX. A sort of sequel aimed at driving pluralists and antinomians insane. Written against 'the Belgick Arminians, Socinians, and other Authors contending for lawlesse liberty, or licentious Tolerations of Sects and Heresies,' Rutherford explains the undiluted Biblical solution to moral relativism, especially as it is expressed in ecclesiastical and civil pluralism! (Corporate pluralism being a violation of the first commandment and an affront to the holy God of Scripture)." -- SWRB
"This [THE DUE RIGHT OF PRESBYTERIES OR A PEACEABLE PLEA FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND . . . ,] could be considered the LEX, REX of church government -- another exceedingly rare masterpiece of Presbyterianism! Characterized by Walker as sweeping `over a wider field than most'." -- SWRB
A HIND LET LOOSE by Alexander Shields is sometimes referred to as 'Lex, Rex volume two.'
Lex, Rex, or The Law and the Prince, Samuel Rutherford
"Rutherford is to be praised for his teaching that the king is subject to the law of God. The Bible has nothing but condemnation for those who 'frame mischief by a law' and declares rhetorically, 'Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee?' (Ps. 94:20). Deuteronomy 17 is the classic passage in defense of Lex, Rex, wherein the king is charged to '...read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, to keep all the words of this law....' (Deut. 17:19)."
http://www.natreformassn.org/lexrex/index.html
Lex, rex: the law and the prince, a dispute for the just prerogative of king and people, containing the reasons and causes of the defensive wars of the kingdom of Scotland, and of their expedition for the ayd and help of their brethren of England. In which a full answer is given to a seditious pamphlet, intituled, Sacro-sancta regum majestas, penned by J. Maxwell. By S. Rutherford. [Followed by] De jure regni apud Scotos; a dialogue, tr. by R. Macfarlan (repr. from the ed. of 1799).
http://books.google.com/books?id=jtYDAAAAQAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html
Lex, Rex, "Lawfulness to Resist Tyranny" (Samuel Rutherford)
http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/7947/LexRex.html
The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

*SHIELDS, ALEXANDER, A Hind Let Loose, or An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland for the Interest of Christ with the True State thereof in all its Periods. Together with a Vindication of the Present Testimony Against Popish, Prelatical, and Malignant Enemies of that Church, as it is now Stated, for the Prerogatives of Christ, Privileges of the Church, and Liberties of Mankind; and Sealed by the Sufferings of a Reproached Remnant of Presbyterians there, Witnessing Against the Corruptions of the Time: Wherein Several Controversies of Greatest Consequence are Enquired into, and in Some Measure Cleared; Concerning Hearing of the Curates, Owning of the Present Tyranny, Taking of Ensnaring Oaths and Bonds, Frequenting of Field-Meetings, Defensive Resistance of Tyrannical Violence, with Several Other Subordinate Questions Useful for these Times, 1797, 1744, 1687 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #2, #26 ISBN: 0921148690 9780921148692. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #22. A Christian classic.
"First printed in 1687 (near the end of the 'killing times'), we have used the 1797 edition for this rare bound photocopy because all of the Latin has been translated into English (an obvious improvement for English readers). This rare Covenanter classic, concerning Calvinistic political philosophy and tactics of civil resistance, is comparable to Samuel Rutherford's LEX, REX; in fact it could rightly be referred to as 'Lex, Rex volume two.' It is solidly in the line of John Knox's teachings on civil disobedience and addresses numerous topics that are relevant to today's Christian. 'In A HIND LET LOOSE, Shields justified the Camerionian resistance to royal absolutism and the divine right of kings. He argued that government is divinely ordained, but the people are entitled to bring a king to judgement for wrongdoing. Parliament is commissioned by the people to oversee the nation's affairs, but the compact between the people and their rulers does not entail a forfeiture of the people's power to depose tyrants and confer authority on someone else. Government is by consent, and must justify itself to the consciences of the people. God has given men the right of self defence, and this extends to a right not only passively to resist, but also to kill relentless persecutors' writes Isbell (in the Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology, p. 773). Controversial chapter titles include: 'Concerning Owning of Tyrants Authority;' 'Defensive Arms Vindicated;' 'Of Extraordinary Execution of Judgement by Private Men;' and 'Refusing to Pay Wicked Taxation Vindicated.' This book sets forth the Crown rights of King Jesus, against all usurpers in both church and state, giving a history of some of faithful sufferings endured by the elect, in maintaining this truth. It bears testimony against 'the popish, prelatical and malignant enemies' of Christ and proclaims the only true basis of liberty for mankind. 'The matter is argued with a vast abundance of Biblical illustration, and with much reference to Reformation and Puritan divines. It should be consulted, if practicable, by all who wish fully to understand the inner spirit of the Covenanting Movement,' writes Purves in FAIR SUNSHINE (p. 202). Isbell interestingly notes that Shields was once 'amanuensis to the English Puritan John Owen'." -- SWRB
A Hind Let Loose; Or An Historical Representation OF THE TESTIMONIES OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND. . . . by Mr. ALEXANDER SHIELDS, Minister of the Gospel, in St. Andrews..
http://www.covenanter.org/AShields/Hind/Hindletloosetitle.htm
A Hind Let Loose; Or, An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland; for the Interest of Christ: With the True State Thereof in All Its Periods . . .
The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm
http://books.google.com/books?id=boAAAAAAMAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

*SIBBES, RICHARD, The Faithful Covenanter, 1639. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #29, ISBN: 0921148283 9780921148289. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD One, CD #2.
"An amazing sermon opening the narrow road of faithful covenanting -- as seen first and foremost in the Lord Jesus Christ, our perfect covenant keeper! Expounds on the four periods of time relating to the renewing of the covenant of grace in history. Shows that 'whatsoever we give the supremacy of the inward man to, whatsoever we love most, whatsoever we trust most, whatsoever we fear most, whatsoever we joy and delight in most, whatsoever we obey most -- that is our God.' Applies this to the first commandment, as a part of the law of the covenant, and works out the implications (which involve numerous areas). Goes on to give Scriptural marks whereby covenant keepers can be distinguished from covenant breakers and connects the everlasting covenant with the sacraments and their meaning. A meaty meal, recommended for those who are willing to advance theologically and practically." -- SWRB

*SMELLIE, ALEXANDER, Men of the Covenant: The Story of the Scottish Church in the Years of the Persecution, 534 pages, ISBN: 0851512127. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available (10th edition, fascimile of 7th edition), ATLA 1990-5101.
" 'A great book dealing with one of the most inspiring periods of Church history,' said Dr. C. Gregg Singer. Brilliant sketches of Covenanter history addressed to ordinary readers who do not have the opportunity or leisure for protracted personal studies in this area. A testimony, as Smellie notes, to 'the dogged fighters for freedom in Church and State.' The great sufferings these Christians endured gave them a seriousness about the faith, and a 'vision' of the truth, which has been unequaled since -- stirring reading!" -- SWRB
"Recounts the events in seventeenth century Scotland in which men and women, bound by `covenant' to Christ, laid down their lives for His cause. Recaptures the intensity, zeal, heroism, and faith of these martyrs, as well as the craftiness and cruelty of their persecutors. First published in 1903." -- Cyril J. Barber

*STEELE, DAVID (1803-1887), The Two Witnesses: Their Cause, Number, Character, Furniture and Special Work (1859). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #14, ISBN: 0921148925 9780921148920.
"This is a great companion volume to Steele's NOTES ON THE APOCALYPSE. Here Steele zeros in on and works primarily from the text of Revelation 11:13, "I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophecy.' Steele deals with testimony-bearing, Antichrist, Popery, the beasts of Revelation, the mark of the beast, 666, the image of the beast, civil and ecclesiastical apostasy, Reformation, covenanting, heresy, schism, terms of communion, slavery, sectarianism, Mormonism, Independency, freemasonry, history, worship, idolatry, Britain, the United States, Canada, mystical Babylon, the last days, the ultimate victory of the church and a host of other subjects!
"As is usually the case with Steele, he makes the doctrines of Scripture eminently practical. For example, note how the faithful witnesses are continually called to testify against open opposition to the Lord's Covenanted Zion and the attainments of biblical Reformation (in 'the faith which was once delivered unto the saints'); and against whom this testimony is directed:

"These witnesses are called and commissioned to testify especially against Antichrist -- a false christ, and therefore an opposing christ. But Christ is to be considered either personally or mystically; either abstractly in his personal rights and prerogatives, or in the concrete, in the rights and immunities of his church. There is this prejudice, too prevalent, against Christians testifying against Christians! This we are often told, is contrary to the law of charity. We have not so learned Christ. They are not all Israel which are of Israel. Much of the business of these two prophets is to oppose prophets -- to prophesy against the shepherds, Ezek. 34:2. Moses with his miracles must confront the magicians with their enchantments, Exod. 8:19. Elijah must confront the prophets of Baal, 1 Kings 18:25. Paul must counteract false apostles, 2 Cor. 11:13. In short, the direct object of these witnesses' testimony is apostate christendom -- those who depart from the faith, 1 Tim. 4:1 -- who have gone out from fellowship and renounced the doctrines of the apostolic church, 1 John 2:19. Their special work is to testify against error and its propagators and abettors, together with ungodliness, the natural fruit of error, rather than against pagans." -- The Two Witnesses, p. 14
"These two witnesses have always testified -- not formally against pagans or infidels as such; but -- against apostate Christians, as composing an organized and complex system of opposition to the Lord and his Anointed. And just here, the witnesses have detected the secret of Antichrist's successful enterprise among the human family . . . 'Many false prophets are gone out into the world. . . this is a deceiver and an Antichrist,' (2 John 7.) The combination is ostensibly on the side and in the interest of Christ, and the elements of which Antichrist is composed were obviously professing Christians, "They went out from us, but they were not of us, for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us,' (1 John 2:19.) Here is the apostasy, and so the witnesses are fully borne out in asserting that Antichrist is a great Christian apostasy! To trace the origin and development, in the organization and modifications of this enemy of all righteousness, is the special work of Christ's witnesses. The Two Witnesses, pp. 17-18
"Moreover, having taken his own place 'in the wilderness' (i.e. having separated himself from, and having been ostracized by the 'civilization' of the obstinately defecting RPCNA and other unfaithful denominations of his day [2 Thes. 3:6;14-15; Rev. 12:6; 17:3]), it was given to Steele to see and expound those grand old principles of our covenanted forefathers (who sat at Westminster and in the best Reformed churches during both the first and second Reformations -- the Scottish Presbyterians being granted the greatest measure of light as a settled body from 1638-1649).
"Thus, if you are interested in Reformation eschatology, with some of the strongest possible application, individually and corporately (in keeping with the body of Reformed truth), it is unlikely that you will find a better introduction to these topics than this!
"As an additional bonus we have added Steele's 19-page debate with James M. Willson (a prominent RPCNA minister) to this book (along with a number of other pertinent documents). Since Steele references this theological clash in his preface to the TWO WITNESSES this makes a fitting appendix to add to this work.
"We hope that you obtain and study this fine work -- and that you will find it edifying, as well as a useful weapon in your battle with the beasts of Revelation." -- SWRB
The two witnesses: their cause, number, character, furniture, and special work, 1859 by Steele, David (1803-1887)
http://www.covenanter.org/Steele/twowitnesses.htm

*STEWART, JAMES (1635-1713) and JAMES STIRLING (1631-1672?), Naphtali, or The Wrestlings of the Church of Scotland for the Kingdom of Christ, From the Beginning of the Reformation of Religion Unto the Year, 1667: together with the last speeches and testimonies of some who have died for the truth since the year 1660: whereunto also are subjoined, a relation of the sufferings and death of Mr. Hugh McKail, and some instances of the sufferings of Galloway and Nithisdale, 1693 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #2, ISBN: 0921148690 9780921148692. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"Stewart, a Covenanter lawyer and writer, is characterized by Wodrow as 'a great Christian, and an able Statesman, one of the greatest Lawers ever Scotland bred, of universall learning, of vast reading, great and long experience in publick business . . .' (Analecta II, 205).
"This book is '(t)he product of joint authorship. The first and logical part of this famous covenanting work was executed by Sir James Stewart of Goodtrees; it bears the stamp of a mind of great vigor and grasp. The narrative portion was written by the Rev. James Stirling of Paisley, whose RECOLLECTIONS form an interesting portion of Wodrow's ANALECTA. In 1667 the Council issued a proclamation against NAPHTALI, ordering it to be burned. (Wod., II., 100.) All copies were to be delivered up to the nearest magistrates, and a fine of ten thousand pounds Scots was the penalty inflicted upon any in whose hands the book should afterwards be found. It passed through the flames unscathed only to become dearer than ever to the Scottish hearts . . . and you cannot help admiring the manly sense, spirit, calmness, dignity, and piety which distinguished the sufferers to a degree so equal that you fancy them a band of brothers' (cited in Johnston, ,TREASURY OF THE SCOTTISH COVENANT, pp. 375-367). A rare old gem of 559 pages." -- SWRB

*THOMSON, JOHN HENDERSON (editor), JOHN MCMAIN, and DAVID SCOTT (introduction) A Cloud of Witnesses for the Royal Prerogatives of Jesus Christ Being the Last Speeches and Testimonies of Those who Have Suffered for the Truth in Scotland Since . . . 1680. Alternate title: "The Fifteenth Edition, Enlarged and Corrected: A Cloud of Witnesses, for the Royal Prerogatives of Jesus Christ: or, The Last Speeches and Testimonies Of those who have Suffered for the Truth in Scotland, since the year 1680: With an Appendix, Containing the Queensferry Paper; Torwood Excommunication; a Relation concerning Mr. Richard Cameron, Mr. Donald Cargil, and Henry Hall; and an Account of those who were killed without Process of Law, and banished to Foreign Lands: With a short View of some of the oppressive Exactions.
"With the Testimonies of John Nisbet the Younger, John Nisbet of Hardhill, Robert Miller, Thomas Harkness, &c. A Letter of John Semple's and of Archibald Stewart's. The Paper found upon Mr. Cameron at Airsmoss, and an Acrostick upon his name. The Testimony of John Finlay in Kilmarnock. The Epitaphs upon the Grave Stones of Mr. Samuel Rutherford, Mr. John Welwood, and the noble Patriots who fell at Pentland-hills, &c.
"Also includes The Testimony of some persecuted Presbyterian Ministers of the Gospel, unto the Covenanted Reformation of the Church of Scotland, and to the present expediency of continuing to preach the Gospel in the fields, and against the present Antichristian Toleration in its nature and design, &c. Given in to the Ministers at Edinburgh, by Mr. James Renwick, upon the 17th Jan. 1688. And Mr. Richard Cameron's Last Sermon; preached on Kype Water in Evandale, July 18th, 1680, three days before he was killed at Airs-moss. (Pittsburgh: Printed for David Reed, by Eichbaum & Johnston, 1824), (Hess Publications), (Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle Publications), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series and Hardback Bound. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books (1884 edition), ISBN: 0873779231. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God." (Hebrews 12:1,2)
"Presbyterian Covenanter martyrs of Scotland, their last speeches and testimonies. The first edition appeared in 1714, and as more material was collected it was added to the 15 editions that were printed over the next 100 years."
"An amazing book compiled to show how -- and especially why (from their own dying testimonies) -- the Covenanters suffered, bled and died. These brave martyrs for Christ laid the foundation for liberty and truth in both church and state. They have much to say to us today . . . . Though the issues and ferocity of persecution (by the Popes, prelates, and Erastians) were more obvious during the times covered in this book, the message to contemporary Christians could not be clearer: we are involved in a life and death struggle. Few books are this moving or this edifying -- a real treasure! (658 pp., 1884 ed.)." -- SWRB
The 1871 edition was praised by Spurgeon.
A Cloud of Witnesses, 1871 edition, free online e-text. Original from Oxford University. Digitized Aug 31, 2006.
http://books.google.com/books?id=4vMCAAAAQAAJ&dq=thomson+a+cloud+of+witnesses&ie=ISO-8859-1
See also, McMain, John, and John H. Thomson (editor); Thomson, John H.; and Scott, David (introduction).

*WESTMINSTER ASSEMBLY (1643-1652), The Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) (Glasgow, Scotland [Free Presbyterian Publications, 133 Woodlands Road, Glasgow G3 6LE]: Free Presbyterian Publication, 1994). ISBN: 0902506080 (casebound) and ISBN: 0902506358 (paperback). Available from Crown and Covenant Publications. Also, available from Still Waters Revival Books). A Christian classic.
" 'The product of Puritan conflict,' stated Shedd, reaching 'a perfection of statement never elsewhere achieved.' All that learning the most profound and extensive, intellect the most acute and searching, and piety the most sincere and earnest, could accomplish, was thus concentrated in the Westminster Assembly's Confession of Faith, which may be safely termed the most perfect statement of Systematic Theology ever framed by the Christian Church,' writes Hetherington (The History of the Westminster Assembly of Divines), p. 345. Concerning the Shorter Catechism, which is one of the items also included in this book, Mitchell notes: 'it is a thoroughly Calvinistic and Puritan catechism, the ripest fruit of the Assembly's thought and experience, maturing and finally fixing the definitions of theological terms to which Puritanism for half a century had been leading up and gradually coming closer and closer to in its legion of catechisms' (Westminster Assembly: Its History and Standards, p. 431). THE WESTMINSTER CONFESSION OF FAITH (1646) is the greatest of all the creeds of the Christian church. The church of Christ cannot be creedless and live. Especially in an age of doubt and confusion, it is her duty to define and proclaim the one true faith. Nowhere has the Reformed church done this so effectively as in the WESTMINSTER CONFESSION [1646] and family of documents. This book represents Reformed thinking at its purest and best. It was intended, as part of the Covenanted Reformation taking place during its compilation, to be adopted as the binding confessional standard for every individual, family, court, church, and legislature in the British Isles." -- SWRB
This is considered to be the definitive publication of the Westminster family of documents. It includes the following:

  1. To the Christian Reader, Especially Heads of Families, Mr. Thomas Manton's Epistle to the Reader,
  2. The Confession of Faith (1646), the full and original edition with Scripture proofs written out,
  3. The Larger Catechism with Scripture proofs written out,
  4. The Shorter Catechism with Scripture proofs written out,
  5. The Sum of Saving Knowledge,
  6. The National Covenant,
  7. The Solemn League and Covenant,
  8. A Solemn Acknowledgement of Publick Sins and Breaches of the Covenant; and a Solemn Engagement to all the Duties Contained Therein is available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678,
  9. The Directory for the Public Worship of God,
  10. The Form of Presbyterial Church Government, and
  11. The Directory for Family Worship.
THE WESTMINSTER CONFESSION OF FAITH (1646) is said to be the finest summary of THE HOLY BIBLE available. It is recommended for daily devotions. Among the ten greatest works in the English language.
The Significance of The Westminster Standards as a Creed
http://www.fpcr.org/blue_banner_articles/signific.htm
Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) With Scripture Proofs
http://www.reformed.org/documents/wcf_with_proofs/
Scripture Index to the Westminster Standards (The complete Scripture index to the Westminster Confession (1646), Larger and Shorter Catechisms.) Available on Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications [and] Protestant Heritage Press Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/index01.htm
THE WESTMINSTER CONFESSION OF FAITH (1646) with all its subordinate documents in searchable format is available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678.
Westminster Assembly and Related Documents
http://www.covenanter.org/Westminster/westminsterhome.htm
For commentaries on THE WESTMINSTER OF FAITH (1646) see the following topical listing:
"The Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) (The Westminster Standards) and Related Works"
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9cha.html#wcf
Bordwine, James, A Guide to the Westminster Standards: Confession of Faith and Larger Catechism (Unicoi, TN: (The Trinity Foundation, 1996). ISBN: 0940931303 9780940931305.
Includes a unique, 100-page topical index to both the Confession and the Catechism.
Westminster Divines, The Shorter Catechism With Scripture Proofs (Carlisle, PA [P.O. Box 621, Carlisle 17013, USA]: The Banner of Truth Trust). ISBN: 0851512658.
Arguably the greatest tract ever created, all factors considered.
http://www.reformed.org/documents/WSC_frames.html
Westminster Shorter Catechism Project
"Click on any of the individual questions below to get the answer and Biblical references, as well as links to works by John Flavel, Thomas Watson, Thomas Boston, James Fisher, and John Whitecross, and others."
http://www.shortercatechism.com/
Westminster Larger Catechism With Proof Texts
http://www.reformed.org/documents/wlc_w_proofs/WLC_frames.html
"The Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) (The Westminster Standards) and Related Works: A Study Guide"
http://www.lettermen2.com/suggest.html
Heresies Defined and the Necessity of Heresies Explained, by George Gillespie, Scottish Commissioner to the Assembly of Divines at Westminster
http://www.truecovenanter.com/gillespie/ggilles09.html

*WYLIE, SAMUEL B., (1773-1852), The Two Sons of Oil; or, the Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis (1850 edition, reprinted 1995), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #13, #26 ISBN: 0921148917 9780921148913. A Christian classic.
"A Covenanter classic opening Revelation 11:3-4 and Zechariah 4:14. It has been hailed as the 'best presentation of the position of the Covenanter Church that has been written.' Noting that the '[t]ime has been, when the whole body of Presbyterians, in Scotland, England, and Ireland, unanimously subscribed' to these principles, '[f]or civil and ecclesiastical reformation' and that thousands bled and died for the glorious covenanted cause of civil and ecclesiastical reformation; Wylie sets out to explain and defend 'that cause. Not because it is an ancient cause; not because many have sealed it with their blood; but, because,' as he says, 'I thought it the doctrine of the Bible, and the cause of Christ.' This book explains how to tell if a government (especially a civil government) is faithful to Christ and thus to be obeyed for conscience's sake. It also gives direction regarding when and how to resist (and disassociate) yourself from governments which get their power from 'the beast.' Moreover, this book gives clear testimony as to what the Bible requires of civil magistrates, noting 'that civil rulers should exercise their power in protecting and defending the religion of Jesus.' It also gives plain reasons why dissent from the government of the United States (and other covenant breaking nations) is the legitimate Scriptural pattern." -- SWRB
The Two Sons of Oil; or, the Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis, Samuel B. Wylie
http://www.covenanter.org/Wylie/twosonsofoil.htm
The Two Sons of Oil; Or, The Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis
http://books.google.com/books?id=nMO1JQAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), Covetousness, greed, selfishness, The inspiration and infallibility of scripture (the doctrine of revelation, the doctrine of plenary inspiration, the doctrine of divine inspiration, the doctrine of verbal inspiration, The ten commandments, Trusting god, Idolatry, Immanuel, Christ's presence, christ in you, Justifying faith, Justification, Forgiveness, Sanctification, Glorification, Theft, Sexual relationship, Spirituality and harlotry, Rebellion and lawlessness: wickedness, demonic possession, substance abuse, abnormal behavior, insanity, mental illness, mental retardation, Repentance, the key to salvation and change, Justice, the theology of judgment, god's final judgment, the great white throne judgment, the day of the lord, The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, Covenant theology, The covenanted reformation, Background and history of the covenanted reformation of scotland, Covenanted reformation short title listing, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, The one and the many, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Individual responsibility for corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Unfaithful reformed ministries, Secret societies, ungodly alliances, voluntary associations, Conspiracy and corruption, and so forth, and so on.

Related WebLinks

"The Westminster Confession of Faith (1646, The Westminster Standards) and Related Works: A Study Guide"
http://www.lettermen2.com/suggest.html

Ten Best Classics For Advanced Studies From Still Waters Revival Books
http://www.swrb.com/ten-best.htm

An Outline of Scottish 'Covenant History' in the 17th Century From Purves' Book FAIR SUNSHINE
http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?cov_intro.htm

*McLeod, Alexander (1773-1833), Negro Slavery Unjustifiable, 1802
http://www.covenanter.org/McLeod/negro.htm



The Puritan Revolution

*Beeke, Joel R. and Randall J. Pederson, Meet the Puritans: With A Guide to Modern Reprints (Grand Rapids, MI: Reformation Heritage Books, Inc., 2006). ISBN: 1601780001.
"It's endorsed by Packer, Piper, MacArthur, Sproul, Duncan, Mohler, Ferguson -- and the recommendations go on and on.
"It's packed with terse information, illustrations, great biographies on more than 140 individual Puritan authors, overviews of over 700 individual Puritan volumes, a list of all the known reprints published beween 1956 and 2005, excellent articles, and a glossary of terms used. At 900 pages, its a deep well of information. As clothbound, it's made to endure years of use.
"Important helps include chapters on who the Puritans are, why we should read them, and short histories of the English, Scottish and Dutch Puritans. I found the short history of the resurgence of Puritan literature in the 20th century especially interesting.
"Here is just one quote, taken from the section explaining why we should read the Puritans today:
With the Spirit's blessing, Puritan writings can enrich your life as a Christian in many ways as they open the Scriptures and apply them practically, probing your conscience, indicting your sins, leading you to repentance, shaping your faith, guiding your conduct, comforting you in Christ and conforming you to Him, and bringing you into full assurance of salvation and a lifestyle of gratitude to the triune God for His great salvation (xix).
"Perfect for the beginner and the more advanced reader, MEET THE PURITANS will help guide and direct your way through the forest of Puritan authors.
"In summary, I cannot say it better than our friend, Dr. Ligon Duncan:
Joel Beeke and Randall Pederson have produced a tremendous gift to and resource for all who want an entryway into the study of the Puritans. They not only provide accurate biographical and theological introduction to every Puritan whose works have been reprinted in the last fifty years, but also combine with their helpful summaries an insightful analysis. If this were not enough, they've added major appendices that include the so-called Scottish Puritans (that is, the great Scottish theologians who were contemporaries of and like-minded brethren in doctrine and piety with the English Puritans) as well as the Dutch Further Reformation divines. MEET THE PURITANS, WITH A GUIDE TO MODERN REPRINTS is a must have. I know of nothing like it. If you are looking for a reliable window into the life, theology, piety and ministry of the Puritans — this is it.
"Like I said, a monumental work!" -- The Shepherd's Scrapebook
The format of the book is simple. After a Preface explaining how to profit from reading the Puritans, a brief word about where to begin and a brief history of English Puritanism, there comes a long list of authors. Each author has his own chapter containing a short biography and a list of his books that have been reprinted. There is a review of each book along with publishing information and the number of pages. And that is the heart of the book and continues for some 800 pages. Five appendices deal with collections of Puritan writings, Scottish divines, Dutch further Reformation divines, secondary sources on the Puritans and a final word on Puritanism courtesy of J.I. Packer. In short, this is a one-stop-shop for all you could want to know as a beginner to the Puritans. And if you are already a fan of their writing, this book will lead you further and deeper, guiding you to the best books available." -- Reader's Comment

Bremer, Francis J., Puritan Crisis: New England and the English Civil Wars, 1630-1670 (Outstanding Studies in Early American History. New York, NY: Garland Publishing, Incorporated, 1989). 20778

*BROOK, BENJAMIN, Lives of the Puritans, 3 volumes (Morgan, PA: Soli Deo Gloria Publications), ISBN: 1877611794. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"This scarce three volume set was first published in 1813 in London, and there has never been a second printing until now. It contains biography and bibliography of many noted as well as relatively unknown (but not insignificant) Puritan pastors and authors of the 16th and 17th centuries. Brook's massive endeavor was, at his own admission, an updating of Edmund Calamy's classic NONCONFORMIST MEMORIAL. In volume one there are such men as Edward Deering, Bernard Gilpin, and Richard Greenham. In volume two are sketches of Thomas Gataker, Henry Smith, William Perkins, Richard Rogers, Henry Ainsworth, John Preston, Robert Bolton, William Ames, Henry Scudder, Arthur Dent, Daniel Dyke, Samuel Hieron, Nicholas Byfield, Richard Sibbes, and John Ball. Volume three contains Jeremiah Burroughs, Thomas Hooker, Thomas Shepard, Christopher Love, John Cotton, Obadiah Sedgwick, William Gouge, and Thomas Goodwin. And these are but a sampling of the hundreds of godly men you will find profiled." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.

*CALVIN, JOHN, et.al., GARY DEMAR (foreword), MARSHALL FOSTER (preface) 1599 Geneva Bible [enhanced], hardcover (Tolle Lege Press, 2006), 1400 pages, ISBN: 0975484699 9780975484692 0975484613 9780975484616 0975484621 9780975484623. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"When the Pilgrims arrived in America in 1620, they brought along supplies, a consuming passion to advance the Kingdom of Christ, a bright hope for the future, and the Word of God. Clearly, their most precious cargo was the Bible. The GENEVA BIBLE, printed over 200 times between 1560 and 1644, was the most widely read and influential English Bible of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. This superb translation was the product of the best Protestant scholars of the day and became the Bible of choice for many of the greatest writers, thinkers, and historical figures of that time. The GENEVA BIBLE is unique among all other Bibles. It was the first Bible to use chapters and numbered verses and became the most popular version of its time because of the extensive marginal notes. These notes, written by Reformation leaders such as John Calvin, John Knox, Miles Coverdale, William Whittingham, Anthony Gilby, and others, were included to explain and interpret the scriptures for the common people. For nearly half a century these notes helped the people of England, Scotland, and Ireland understand the Bible and true liberty. King James despised the GENEVA BIBLE because he considered the notes on key political texts to be seditious and a threat to his authority. Unlike the KING JAMES VERSION, the GENEVA BIBLE was not authorized by the government. It was truly a Bible by the people and for the people. You can see why this remarkable version with its profound marginal notes played a key role in the formation of the American Republic. Until now, the only complete version available was a large, cumbersome, and difficult-to-read facsimile edition. But this new edition contains all the original words and notes, but the type set has been enlarged and the font style change for today's reader." -- Publisher's Annotation
"This is the Bible that eventually put an end to Feudalism in Europe, strengthened Puritans, Quakers, and came to America on the Mayflower. This was the first Bible published in the language of the common people, the first Bible to contain commentary and verse numbers, and the first Bible written in English from Greek and Hebrew texts available from Constantinople, not from the Latin Vulgate. The dynamite in this Bible is the commentary accounting for about one third of its length.
"The Church of England and King James were so upset they determined to create a new translation. They called it the King James version. They choose to use language so formal and grand, even by the standards of those days, that the common people would find difficult to understand. The GENEVA BIBLE was found seditious by it's insertions of commentary that spoke directly about the priesthood of lay believers, the church as naturally anti-oligarchy, and setting forth some other ideas considered anarchy by the King, but meaning freedom to the masses who read it. . . .
"Important facts to remember about this Bible. The Reformation was strong in England and the Lollards were a lay group of huge influence that had to go underground. English Christian theologians, not Catholics and not Anglicans, fled in huge numbers to Geneva for freedom. Geneva was not part of Switzerland at that time, because Geneva was its own city-state. . . . The GENEVA BIBLE was printed 1560-1644. THE KING JAMES VERSION was published in 1611. The GENEVA BIBLE was against the law to own. . . ." -- Reader's Comment
Available "in printed formats with various binding options from Tolle Lege Press. Tolle Lege Press has given SWRB permission to provide a PDF copy of their retypeset and fully searchable edition of the 1599 GENEVA BIBLE (Copyright 2006-2008, Tolle Lege Press) on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"The Geneva Bible is the Puritan Bible with Reformation promoting marginal notes authored by prominent leaders of the Reformation (during the time of John Calvin and John Knox). The New Testament was translated out of the Greek by Theodore Beza. The GENEVA BIBLE was the predominant English translation during the period in which the English and Scottish Reformations gained great impetus.
"Iain Murray, in his classic work on revival and the interpretation of prophecy, THE PURITAN HOPE, notes,

The two groups in England and Scotland developed along parallel lines, like two streams originating at one fountain. The fountain was not so much Geneva, as the Bible which the exiles newly translated and issued with many marginal notes . . . it was read in every Presbyterian and Puritan home in both realms (p. 7).
"This time also saw the rise of the forces for covenanted Reformation against the corruption and abuses of prelacy and the royal factions. Darkness was dispelled as people read this Bible and saw for themselves that there is no authority above the Holy Scriptures. Discerning this truth, it became apparent that the civil tyranny and the heretical superstitions imposed by Pope, King and Bishops were to be resisted unto death, if necessary (i.e. because these innovations in church and state were opposed to the Kingship of Christ and the law of His kingdom, as set forth in Holy Scripture).
"Moreover, this is the Bible that led to the King James edition. James (a flaming homosexual, megalomaniac, and tyrant) did not want the Calvinistic marginal notes of the GENEVA BIBLE getting into the hands of the people because he considered them 'seditious' hence, he authorized the KING JAMES VERSION as a substitute (though the KJV far surpasses modern translations).
"Although most people today have never heard of the GENEVA BIBLE, it was so popular from 1560 to 1644 that it went through 140 plus printings. The reason for its popularity among the faithful is obvious: the marginal notes promoted a full-orbed, nation-changing Protestantism! Taking a modern work, such as the SCOFIELD REFERENCE BIBLE, and comparing the notes to those of the GENEVA BIBLE, it will readily be seen that the religion of the Protestant Reformation bears no resemblance to much of the nonsense being prattled today!
"Additionally, the later editions of the GENEVA BIBLE (like this 1599 edition) are more strongly Calvinistic and anti-Papal noted by Eason in THE GENEVAN BIBLE, NOTES ON ITS PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION. . . ."
The notes of Tomson's New Testament of 1576, which took the place of the New Testament of the Bible of 1560 in many editions from 1587 onward [and, of course the GENEVA BIBLE after the 1560 edition. -- sk], are entirely different from those in the GENEVA BIBLE. They are taken from Beza's Latin Testament, and are controversial and strongly Calvinistic.
"Furthermore, Eason cites Pocock (a rabid anti-Calvinist) in the same book,
The changes adopted in the GENEVA BIBLE and New Testament synchronise with the gradual spread of the Calvinistic heresy and the contemporaneous development of hatred of the whole Papal system of doctrine. The notes attacked the Sacramental teaching of the Church, substituting for it the Calvinistic doctrines of election and reprobation. They taught that Sacraments are nothing more than signs and seals of grace previously given to the elect. All passages about the Sacraments are explained away.
"(We cite this quote, though it is full of a good deal of devilish nonsense, to demonstrate that even the enemies of biblical truth recognized the powerful impact that the GENEVA BIBLE was having in furthering the Protestant Reformation, as well as to show that the notes in the later versions of the GENEVA BIBLE were moving in the direction of a more distinct testimony against error and for the truth. -- RB). "There were three primary editions of the Geneva Bible:
(1) The editions that follow the first edition of 1560.
(2) The editions in which Tomson's New Testament of 1576 is substituted for the 1560 New Testament.
(3) The Bibles from 1598 that contain the Notes on Revelation of Francis Junius." -- The Genevan Bible, Notes on its Production and Distribution
"In our opinion, the notes in the 1599 edition were the most faithful to Scripture. [Of course, the judgment and candor of Calvin are renown. This Bible played a key role in the Reformation, and anyone not using it "will be the poorer for their neglect." However, very few works are without caveats. Calvin used the Latin Vulgate. His comments had to be translated from French. Experts (see "Textual Criticism") consider the authorized King James Version to be the most accurate translation. It used a literal approach to translation of the Traditional Text, which is referred to today as the Majority Text or Textus Receptus. Beza's translation of the New Testament is in a different category. One is urged to not neglect the knowledge developed over 400 years of Reformed scholarship since 1599. For example, compare the 1599 GENEVA BIBLE (1400 pages) annotation with the annotation, theological notes, text notes, scripture notes, and other study aids of the NEW GENEVA STUDY BIBLE (2228 pages) with its own noted caveats. -- sk]
"Features of the Tolle Lege 1599 GENEVA BIBLE:
* Word-for-word accuracy with the 1599 Geneva Bible
* Original cross references
* Modern spelling
* Original study notes by Reformers
* Old English Glossary
* 2-page Family Tree Chart
* Presentation Page with several family registry pages
* Easy-to-read print
* Size: 8.75" x 11.5"
* Approx: 1,400 pages
Excerpts from two articles on the 1599 GENEVA BIBLE may be read at the SWRB site: "The Forgotten Translation," Gary DeMar, President of American Vision and Honorary Member of the 1599 Geneva Bible Advisory Board, and "Introduction to the 1599 Geneva Bible," Marshall Foster, President of the Mayflower Institute, Member of the 1599 Geneva Bible Advisory Board.
http://www.swrb.com/bibles/bibles.htm
Tolle Lege 1599 GENEVA BIBLE, Book of Romans
Examine the Tolle Lege 1599 GENEVA BIBLE, a PDF file of the Book of Romans.
http://www.tollelegepress.com/gb/geneva.php
"The GENEVA BIBLE has a unique place in history. It is some times called the "BREECHES BIBLE." That term comes from the reference in Genesis 3:7 where it says that Adam and Eve clothed themselves in 'breeches' made from fig leaves. It is the product of Protestant scholars who had taken refuge in Geneva, Switzerland during the reign of Queen 'Bloody Mary' of England (1553-1558). It is also known as the Bible that the Pilgrims brought to America. It is older than the KING JAMES VERSION and is considered by some to be more 'Protestant' than the KING JAMES VERSION." -- Reader's Comment
"I've seen the facsimile versions of the Geneva Bible and they don't even come close to this edition. The legibility and readability of this edition is far superior to other editions. "There have also been concerns about textual errors, but Toll Lege Press has acknowledged and fixed them in the printings following the first." -- Reader's Comment
Tolle Lege Press edition of the 1599 Geneva Bible
http://www.GenevaBible.com

GARDINER, SAMUEL RAWSON, The Constitution Documents of the Puritan Revolution, 1625-1660Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #30, ISBN: 0921148380 9780921148388.
"This period of time and thought had great bearing on the foundations of many nations, not the least of which include the United States and Canada. These documents are intended to serve either as a basis for the study of the constitutional history of this important period, or as a companion to the political history of the time. Relevant to both church and state." -- SWRB
The Constitutional Documents of the Puritan Revolution, 1628-1660
http://books.google.com/books?id=wAUwAAAAMAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

Miller, Perry (editor) and Thomas H. Johnson (editor), The Puritans: A Sourcebook of Their Writings, two volumes in one, (Dover Publications, May 3, 2001, 1963, 1938).
"Critically acclaimed classic lets Puritans speak for themselves in crucial documents covering history, theory of state and society, religion, customs, behavior, biographies and letters, poetry, literary theory, education, science, and more. Regarded by historian Samuel Eliot Morison as 'the best selection ever made of Puritan literature, point of view and culture'."
"This thematic consideration of primary source material covers the major epochs of early American Puritanism. It includes the Puritan's views on the state and society, this world and the next, poetry, education, and so on. First published in 1938." -- Cyril J. Barber

Morrill, John (editor), Reactions to the English Civil War, 1642-1649 (New York, NY: Saint Martin's Press, Incorporated, 1984). 20781

Russell, Conrad, The Causes of the English Civil War (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Incorporated, 1990). 20782

Solt, Leo F., Saints in Arms (New York, NY: AMS Press, Incorporated). 20783
Stanford University. Stanford Studies in History, Economics and Political Science, No. 18.

Symonds, Richard, Diary of the Marches of the Royal Army During the Great Civil War (New York, NY: AMS Press, Incorporated). 20785
Camden Society, London. Publications, First Series, No. 74.

See also: The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Puritanism: works by and about puritans, Puritan paperback series from banner of truth, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, The covenanted reformation of scotland short title listing, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, Reformation eschatology, Sexual relationship

Related WebLinks

Puritan Bookshelf 32 CD Series
Each CD contain from 10,000 to 20,000 pages. There are about 2,000 titles in this library collection, about 3,000 counting articles and tracts.
WorldCat.org has a record for each CD. All the WorldCat records may be viewed together in the Personal List entitled "The Puritan Bookshelf 32 CD Set." Go to WorldCat.org, select "Search," search for "lettermen2" in the "Contacts" box.
The Puritan Bookshelf was discontinued as of December 7, 2004. However, the CDs may be found in libraries, and in the used book trade. The set is a useful research index. Some of the titles in the Puritan Bookself Set appear in other bookshelf CD set published by Still Waters Revival Books.
The "Comprehensive Index Containing all the Books Found in the Entire 32 CD Puritan Bookshelf Set" and "Comprehensive Index Containing all the Audio MP3S Found in the Entire 32 CD Puritan Bookshelf Set" are found on Puritan Bookshelf 32 CD Set, #32.
"The books are all listed alphabetically according to author, but are fully searchable to enable the reader to look up a title when the author is unknown. The CD number which contains each book is listed next to the author and title of the book, for ease in locating the select work."

Puritanism

#01: The Puritan Theological and Cultural Heritage
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Puritan Heritage, 47 min.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=9220394856

#02: The Puritan Political Heritage
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Puritan Heritage, 47 min.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=922039503

#03: The Departure from the Puritan Heritage
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Puritan Heritage, 52 min.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=92903104657



Sermons Preached Before Governing Bodies

See Isaiah 40:1--55:13 and annotations in The Reformation Study Bible

And I will make thee unto this people a fenced brasen wall: and they shall fight against thee, but they shall not prevail against thee: for I am with thee to save thee and to deliver thee, saith the LORD.
And I will deliver thee out of the hand of the wicked, and I will redeem thee out of the hand of the terrible.
(Jeremiah 15:20, 21)

Baxter, Richard. The life of faith: or, a treatise of the holy and happy life of sincere believers; beginning with a sermon preached before King Charles II. . . . Written by the Reverend, learned and holy Mr. Richard Baxter. Abridged by Benjamin Fawcett, A.M. Salop, 1764. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3321425576

Baxter, Richard. The life of faith; as it is the evidence of things unseen. A sermon preach'd (contractedly) before the King at White-Hall, upon July the 22d, 1660. By Richard Baxter, . . . With enlargement, and relaxation of the stile for common use. London, 1706. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3323393997

Bond, John, Eshcol, or Grapes (among) thorns. As they were delivered in a thanksgiving sermon, to the honourable House of commons . . . 1648 (London, Printed by M.F. for S. Gellibrand, 1648).

BOWLES, OLIVER (ca. 1577-1646?), Zeale for Gods house quickned, or, A sermon preached before the assembly of Lords, Commons and Divines at their solemn fast Iuly 7, 1643, John ii. 17: Gal. 4:18. Available on Puritan Bookshelf CD #1. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Six, CD #32. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.

BURGES, CORNELIUS, 1589?-1665, and Stephen Marshall, 1594?-1655, The first sermon, preached to the Honourable House of Commons now assembled in Parliament at their publique fast. Novemb. 17. 1640. By Cornelius Burges Doctor of Divinitie. Published by order of that House (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), EEBO.
"A beautifully clear facsimile copy of this amazing sermon (published by order of the British House of Commons in 1641), exhorting this Parliament to 'stand to the covenant' of God; by, 'endeavouring of a further Sanction of, and stronger Guard about our true Palladium, the true Religion, already established among us; in the perfecting of the Reformation of it; in the erecting, maintaining, protecting, and encouraging of an able, godly, faithful, zealous, profitable, Preaching Ministry, in every Parish Church and Chapel throughout England and Wales; in interceding to the Kings sacred Majesty for the setting up of a Faithful, Judicious, and Zealous Magistracy, where yet the same is wanting, to be ever at hand to back such a Ministry: without either of which, not only the power of Godliness will sooner degenerate into formality, and zeal into lukewarmness; but Popery, Arminianism, Socinianism, Profaneness, Apostasy, and Atheism itself will more and more crowd in upon us, and prevail against us, do You all You can be all other means.' Points out that where a godly ministry and magistracy are lacking, society degenerates into a godless mob, headed by one of the above named heresies -- as we have seen in our day. Presses national covenant renewal, from Jer. 50:5, and explains from scripture how and why this should take place. Cites many biblical examples of the great Scriptural blessing that has followed previous national covenanting; while making practical application to the situation of the day. This sermon foreshadows chapter 23, of the celebrated Westminster Confession of Faith [1646], on 'the Civil Magistrate,' and gives much insight into this watershed period of Christian political development. It is highly recommended for anyone even remotely interested in seeing their nation prosper politically and ecclesiastically. Furthermore, it will be a great help for anyone seeking to formulate a biblical doctrine explaining the four way relationship between: loving God with all your heart, soul, strength and mind; Jesus Christ as mediator; the everlasting covenant (and covenanting); and the state, as set forth in Scripture. A very rare item. A Covenanter's delight! 70 pages." -- SWRB

*BURGESS, ANTHONY (d. 1664?), The Reformation of the Church, To Be Endeavoured More Than That of the Commonwealth, 1645 28 pages. Available on Puritan Bookshelf CD #21. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Two, CD #9.
"A 'Sermon preached before the Right Honourable House of Lords at the publicke Fast, August 27, 1645,' (notes the cover) during the days of the sitting of the Westminster Assembly. Can you image these words (which are just a small sample from the preface to the godly exhortation contained in this sermon) directed, by request of the civil magistrate, to the leaders of your nation? Burgess writes, 'It was my endeavour in this Sermon to excite your Lordships to a speedy and exact Reformation of the Church from all the corruptions that have defiled her, and herein to attend unto God's Word, as the only starre that will conduct unto Christ. None are too great to undertake so good a work. Gregory said of David dancing before the Ark, Magis miror Davidum saltantem, quam pugnantem, David is to be more admired in his religious worship of God, than in his courageous conquest and slaughter of the Philistines, or other enemies. Hence, Jer. 9:23,24. where glory in wisdome, riches and might is forbidden, there is a kinde of an holy pride allowed in the knowledge of the Lord. Let Heathens glory, that they are saluted by the Common-wealth, Patres Pariae; but let those Christians, whom God honoureth with dignity and place, delight to be nursing Fathers to the Church, by speaking comfortably unto those who teach the good knowledge of God; and by commanding the Levites to carry all the filthiness out of the Temple. Which that your Lordships may faithfully and zealously doe, is the prayer of Your Lordships humble Servant, Anthony Burgesse'." -- SWRB

*Calvin, John, The Institutes of the Christian Religion, 2 volumes (Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1960). A Christian classic.
"Edited by John McNeill and translated by Ford Lewis Battles, this is the definitive English language edition of one of the monumental works of the Christian church -- Calvin's INSTITUTES.
"Still considered by many to be the finest explanation and defense of the Protestant Reformation available.
"The work is divided into four books: I. The Knowledge of God the Creator, II. The Knowledge of God the Redeemer in Christ, III. The Mode of Obtaining the Grace of Christ, IV. The External Means or Helps by Which God Allures Us Into Fellowship With Christ and Keeps Us in It. . . . THE INSTITUTES is praised by the secular philosopher, Will Durant, as one of the ten books that shook the world." -- GCB
Calvin spent a lifetime writing and perfecting INSTITUTES OF CHRISTIAN RELIGION. His Prefatory Address makes it clear that he intended the work to be a defense of Christianity to the King of France.
Therefore, plainly stated, one of the most influential works ever published in the English language is a defense of Christianity to leaders of State.
Prefatory Address to His Most Christian Majesty, The Most Mighty and Illustrious Monarch, Francis, King of the French, His Sovereign, John Calvin
"Indeed, this consideration makes a true king: to recognize himself a minister of God in governing his kingdom. Now, that king, who in ruling over his realm does not serve God's glory, exercises not kingly rule but brigandage. [Footnote: 'Nec iam regnum ille sed latrocinium exercet.' An echo of Augustine's famous phrase: 'When justice is taken away, what are kingdoms [[regna]] but a vast banditry [[magna latocinia]]?' City of God IV. iv (MPL [[Migne, J.P., Patrologiae cursus completus, series Latina]] 41. 115; tr. NPNF [[A Select Library of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, second series]] II. 66).] Furthermore, he is deceived who looks for enduring prosperity in his kingdom when it is not ruled by God's scepter, that is, his Holy Word; for the heavenly oracle that proclaims that 'where prophecy fails the people are scattered' [Prov. 29:18] cannot lie." (Battles translation)
"The characteristic of a true sovereign is, to acknowledge that, in the administration of his kingdom, he is a minister of God. He who does not make his reign subservient to the divine glory, acts the part not of a king, but a robber. He, moreover, deceives himself who anticipates long prosperity to any kingdom which is not ruled by the sceptre of God, that is, by his divine word. For the heavenly oracle is infallible which has declared, that where there is no vision the people perish (Prov. 29:18). (Beveridge translation)"
See the entire Prefatory Address, Beveridge translation:
http://www.ccel.org/ccel/calvin/institutes.ii.viii.html
"The doctrines of covenant liberty were rediscovered in the Reformation. John Calvin went further than anyone else in defining liberty and what Christians need to do to maintain it. Includes bibliographies."
It is recommended that INSTITUTES OF CHRISTIAN RELIGION be used for daily devotions and may be used in combination with Ford Lewis Battles and John Walchenbach, AN ANALYSIS OF THE INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION OF JOHN CALVIN (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House) and with CALVIN'S COMMENTARIES.
Nelson's Ultimate Bible Reference Library, Logos Library System format (LLS) (CD-ROM)
This library systems includes CALVIN'S INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION, THE HOLY BIBLE KING JAMES VERSION, THE NEW TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE, AUGUSTINE'S CONFESSIONS, WESTMINSTER CONFESSION OF FAITH (1646), WESTMINSTER LARGER CATECHISM, WESTMINSTER SHORTER CATECHISM, MATTHEW HENRY'S COMMENTARY, NEW NAVE'S TOPICAL BIBLE, PILGRIM'S PROGRESS, and other classic Bible study aids. THE REFORMATION STUDY BIBLE (Other title: THE NEW GENEVA STUDY BIBLE,) in LLS format, may be added to this library. Therefore, all the above works may be used in combination with each other in Bible study.
http://www.logos.com/products/details/3247
Calvin, Spurgeon and International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE) (LLS)
Contains Calvin's Commentaries.
http://www.logos.com/products/details/889
Calvin's Commentaries (22 Volumes) (LLS)
http://www.logos.com/products/details/887
The Comprehensive John Calvin Collection CD-ROM in Logos Library System (LLS) format
http://www.logosbiblesoftware.com/logosbiblesoftware/calcom.html
Calvin's Commentaries (online)
http://www.ccel.org/ccel/calvin/calcom
One Hundred Aphorisms, Containing, Within a Narrow Compass, the Substance and Order of the Four Books of THE INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION
http://www.lettermen2.com/pringle.html
The Comprehensive John Calvin Collection
From Ages Software. Includes both the Battles and the Beveridge translation of THE INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION, CALVIN'S COMMENTARIES, and other works by Calvin.
http://www.ageslibrary.com/ages_calvin_collection_1.html
Institutes of the Christian Religion (Beveridge translation online)
http://www.ccel.org/ccel/calvin/institutes.i.html

*CARYL, JOSEPH (1602-1673), The nature, solemnity, grounds, property and benefits of a sacred covenant: together with the duties of those who enter into such a covenant: delivered in a sermon at Westminster, at that public convention (ordered by the Honourable House of Commons) for the taking of the Covenant, by all such, of all degrees, as willingly presented themselves, upon Friday, Octob. 6 1643 (London, England: printed by E.G. for John Rothwell and Giles Calvert, 1643). Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Six, CD #32. Available on Puritan Bookshelf 32 CD Set, #2 (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 2001). Also available in EEBO, OCLC: 40236435.
A sermond on the Solemn League and Covenant, Nehemiah IX, 38.

CASE, THOMAS, Spiritual Whoredom, discovered in a sermon preached before the Honorable House of Commons assembled in parliament upon a solemn day of humiliation, May 26, 1647. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Also available on Puritan Bookshelf CD #6. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Three, CD #14.

Cotton, John. Wisdom, knowledge, and the fear of God recommended to rulers & people. A sermon preach'd in the audience of His Honour Spencer Phips, Esq; lieutenant-governour and commander in chief, the Honourable His Majesty's Council, and House of Representatives, of the province of the Massachusetts-Bay, in New-England. May 30th. 1753. Being the day for the election of His Majesty's Council for the province. By John Cotton, A.M. Pastor of the Church in Newtown. Boston: N.E., 1753. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3321254131

EDWARDS, THOMAS, Reasons Against the Independent Government of Particular Congregations: As Also Against the Toleration of Such Churches To Be Erected in this Kingdom -- Together With an Answer to Such Reasons as are Commonly Alleged for Such a Toleration, 1641, EEBO.

*GILLESPIE, GEORGE, Ezekiel's Vision of Millennial Glory, Preparation for Coming Reformation and a Remedy for Backsliding and Lukewarmness. Available (THE PURITAN FAST SERMONS, 1640-1652, THE WORKS OF GEORGE GILLESPIE, and as two MP3 files) on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available (two MP3 files) on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18, ISBN: 0921148933 9780921148937.
"This sermon was originally preached to England's House of Commons 'At Their Late Solemn Fast, Wednesday, March 27, 1644.' It is taken from volume one of Gillespie's two volume WORKS. It gives great insight into the covenanted unity, uniformity and worldwide Reformation sought by the majority of the Westminster Divines and the best of the civil leaders of Gillespie's day. Gillespie searchingly deals with the individual, the church and the state, while painting a Scriptural picture of prophesied earthly victory (Isa. 2:2-5, Ezek 47:1-12, etc.) -- in classic historicist postmillennial style -- which is sure to stir even the coldest Christian heart. He shows how the worst disease the land can suffer is corruption in religion (particularly as exhibited in false worship), rebukes those opposing the Solemn League and Covenant and calls upon all to maintain (and even improve upon) the Reformation attainments 'whereunto we have already attained' (Phil. 3:16). It is also interesting to note, especially since this sermon was preached before civil rulers, that though Gillespie points out the need for humility, repentance, prayer, tears, godly affections, sanctified minds and honorable actions, he does not forget to mention the importance of a covenanted army in this great cause of Christ's covenanted Reformation. Also noted is the destruction of Antichrist, the calling and conversion of the Jews (Rom. 11), the two witnesses and the 1260 year apostasy. Gillespie closes with an appeal to the English House of Commons, with whom the Scots had 'joined in covenant and in arms,' to be faithful 'according to the word he (God--RB) hath covenanted with you (i.e. in the Solemn League and Covenant--RB), so his spirit remaineth among you' -- exhorting these magistrates to 'fear not' but to 'be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.' This is classic Covenanter preaching, among the best sermons you may ever hear!" -- SWRB

Goode, William (b. 1599 or 1600), The discoverie of a publique spirit: presented in a sermon before the Honourable House of Commons at Margarets Westminster, at their publique fast, March 26. 1645. By William Goode B.D. pastor of Denton in Norfolk, on of the Assembly of Divines (London: Printed by I.L. for Christopher Meredith, at the sign of the Crane in Pauls Church-yard, 1645), EEBO.

GOUGE, WILLIAM, The Saint's Support, set out in a sermon preached before the Honourable House of Commons assembled in Parliament. At a publick fast, 29. Iune, 1642, Nehemiah V, 19. Running title reads: A sermon preached at the late fast before the Commons House of Parliament. EEBO. search

Greene, John, The churches duty, for received mercies. Discovered in a sermon preached before the Honourable House of Commons: at Margarets Westminster, Feb. 24. 1646. being the day of the solemne monthly fast. By John Greene Minister of Gods Word, and a member of the Assembly of Divines, EEBO.

Greene, John, Nehemiah's teares and prayers for Judah's affliction, and the ruines and repaire of Jerusalem. Delivered in a sermon in the Church of Magarets Westminster, before the Honourable House of Commons upon the day of their monethly humiliation, April 24. 1644. By John Greene Master of Arts, late pastour of Pencomb in the countie of Hereford , EEBO.

Greenhill, William, 1591-1671, The axe at the root, a sermon preached before the Honourable House of Commons, at their publike fast, April 26. 1643. By William Greenhill, EEBO.

Henderson, Alexander, 1583?-1646 and Philip Nye, 1596?-1672, The Covenant: with a narrative of the proceedings and solemn manner of taking it by the Honourable House of Commons, and reverent Assembly of Divines the 25th day of September, at Saint Margarets in Westminster. Also, tvvo speeches delivered at the same time; the one by Mr. Philip Nye, the other by Mr. Alexander Hendersam. Published by speciall order of the House, 1643, EEBO.

Henderson, Alexander, 1583?-1646, A sermon preached to the honourable House of Commons, at their late solemne fast, Wednesday, December 27. 1643. By Alexander Henderson, minister at Edenbrugh. Published by order of the House, 1644, EEBO.

Henderson, Alexander, 1583?-1646, A sermon preached before the Right Honorable the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament: at Margarets Church in Westminster, upon Thursday the 18. day of Iuly, 1644. It being the day of public thanksgiving for the great mercie of God in the happie successe of the forces of both kingdomes neer York, against the enemies of King and Parliament. By Alexander Henderson Minister at Edinburgh. Published by order of both houses, 1644, EEBO.

Henderson, Alexander, 1583?-1646, A sermon preached before the Right Honourable House of Lords, in the Abbey-Church at Westminster, Wednesday the 28. of May 1645. Being the day appointed for solemne and publick humiliation. By Alexander Henderson, minister at Edenburgh, 1645, EEBO.

Herle, Charles, 1598-1659, Davids song of three parts: delivered in a sermon preached before the right Honorable the House of Lords, at the Abby-Church in Westminster, upon the 15. day of June, 1643. Being the day appointed for publike thanksgiving for Gods great deliverance of the Parliament, citie and kingdome, from the late most mischievous conspiracy against all three. Ordered by the said House to be published by Charles Herle Pastor of Winwicke in Lankashire the preacher thereof, 1643, EEBO.

Howard, Simeon. A sermon preached before the Honorable Council, and the Honorable House of Representatives of the state of Massachusetts-Bay, in New-England, May 31, 1780. Being the anniversary for the election of the Honorable Council. By Simeon Howard, A.M. Pastor of the West Church in Boston. N.B. Several passages omitted in preaching are now inserted in the publication of this discourse. Boston, New-England, MDCCLXXX. [1780]. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3321961861

London Ministers, James Nichols, editor, Puritan Sermons 1659-1689: Being the Morning Exercises at Cripplegate, St. Giles in the Fields, and in Southwark by Seventy-Five Ministers of the Gospel in or Near London with Notes and Translations by James Nichols (six volumes). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.

Manton, Thomas, 1620-1677, Englands spirituall languishing; with the causes and cure: discovered in a sermon preached before the Honorable House of Commons, on their solemn day of fast, at Margarets Westminster, June 28. 1648. By Thomas Manton, minister of Stoke-Newington, 1648, EEBO.

Manton, Thomas, 1620-1677, Meate out of the eater, or, Hopes of unity in and by divided and distracted times. Discovered in a sermon preached before the Honourable house of Commons at Margarets Westminster on their solemne day of fast, June 30. 1647. By Tho: Manton Minister of Stoke-Newington, 1647, EEBO.

Marshall, Stephen, 1594?-1655, Emmanuel: a thanksgiving-sermon preached to the Honourable House of Commons upon their solemn day of praising God for the victory obtained by the Parliaments forces in Southvvales. In the church of Margarets Westminster, May 17. 1648. By Stephen Marshall B.D. minister of Gods Word at Finchingfield in Essex., 1648, EEBO.

Marshall, Stephen, 1594?-1655, A sermon preached to the right honourable the lord mayor, and court of aldermen of the city of London, at their anniversary meeting on Easter Monday April 1652, at the Spittle. Wherein the unity of the saints with Christ, the head, and especially with the church, the body; with the duties thence arising, are endeavoured to be cleared. Tending to heale our rents and divisions. The second impression, corrected by the authour. By Stephen Marshal B.D. and minister of the gospel at Finchingfield in Essex, 1652, EEBO.

Marshall, Stephen, 1594?-1655, A divine project to save a kingdome: Opened in a sermon to the Right Honorable the Lord Maior and court of aldermen, of the citie of London, at their anniversary meeting on Easter Munday, Apr. 22. 1644. at Christ-Church. By Stephen Marshall, B.D. Minister of Gods word at Finchingfield in Essex, 1644, EEBO.

Marshall, Stephen, 1594?-1655 and Giles Firmin, 1614-1697, The power of the civil magistrate in matters of religion vindicated the extent of his power determined in a sermon preached before the first Parliament on a monthly fast day / by . . . Mr. Stephen Marshall . . . / published by G. Firmin . . . with notes upon the sermon, 1657, EEBO.

*Marshall, Stephen, 1594?-1655, Reformation and desolation, or a sermon tending to the discovery of the symptomes of a people to whom God will by no meanes be reconciled. Preached to the Honourable House of Commons at their late solemne fast, Decemb. 22. 1641. By Stephen Marshall B.D. Minister of Finchingfield in Essex, 1642, EEBO.

Marshall, Stephen, 1594?-1655, A sermon preached to the two Houses of Parliament, at their solemn meeting to praise God for his infinite mercy in the restoring of the said Houses of Parliament to their honor and freedome with so little effusion of blood: at the Abbey-Church in Westminster, Aug. 12. 1647. By Stephen Marshall, 1647, EEBO.

Marshall, Stephen, 1594?-1655, The sinne of hardnesse of heart: the nature, danger, and remedy of it. Opened in a sermon, preached to the Honorable House of Commons, July 28. 1648. being the day of their solemne monethly fast. By Stephen Marshall, B.D. minister of Gods Word at Finchingfield in Essex. Published by order of that House, 1648, EEBO.

Newcomen, Matthew, 1610?-1669, The craft and cruelty of the churches adversaries, discovered in a sermon preached at St. Margarets in Westminster, before the Honourable House of Commons assembled in Parliament. Novemb. 5, 1642. By Mathew Newcomen, minister of the Gospell at Dedham in Essex. Published by order of the House of Commons, EEBO.

Owen, John, 1616-1683, The advantage of the kingdome of Christ, in the shaking of the kingdoms of the world: or, Providential alterations, in their subserviencie to Christ's exaltation. Opened in a sermon preached to the Parliament, Octob. 24. 1651. A solemn day of thanksgiving for the destruction of the Scots army at Worcester, with sundry other mercies; by John Owen, minister of the Gospel, 1652, EEBO.

*Owen, John, (1616-1683) The Complete Works of John Owen, 16 volumes, Alternate title: THE WORKS OF JOHN OWEN (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust). ISBN-10: 0851513921 ISBN-13: 9780851513928. See Chapter 1 for annotation on all 16 volumes. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, THE COMPLETE WORKS OF JOHN OWEN including HEBREWS (OCR digital text), DVD One, CD #1. Many separate works by Owen may be found on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Many separate works by Owen may be found in the Reformation Bookshelf 30 CD Set.
John Owen (1616-1683) "is by common consent not the most versatile, but the greatest among Puritan theologians. For solidity, profundity, massiveness and majesty in exhibing from Scripture God's ways with sinful mankind there is no one to touch him. . . ." -- J.I. Packer in A Quest for Godliness, p. 81
"To master his works is to be a profound theologian." -- C.H. Spurgeon
"The Banner of Truth Trust completed in May, 1968, the re-issue of the complete English works of Owen, his seven volumes on the Epistle of Hebrews excepted. All of these volumes `are of the greatest value' (Dr. Lloyd-Jones) but for newcomers to Owen we especially recommend the four volumes in the Practical Division (vols. 6-9.) . . ." -- William J. Grier
"His works on communion, Christian life, and the person and glory of Christ, the work of the Holy Spirit, etc. are of the utmost value to any serious-minded Christian." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
John Owen is an example of a great theologian who prescribed to independency, and was unable to attain to covenanted reformation. He was not a member of the Westminster Assembly of Divines.

*OWEN, JOHN (1616-1683), "God's Presence With a People the Spring of Their Prosperity; With Their Special Interest in Abiding in Him." Alternate title: "GOD'S PRESENCE WITH A PEOPLE, THE SPRING OF THEIR PROSPERITY; WITH THEIR SPECIALL INTEREST IN ABIDING WITH HIM. A SERMON, PREACHED TO THE PARLIAMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, AND IRELAND, AT WESTMINSTER, OCTOB. 30. 1656. A DAY OF SOLEMN HUMILIATION. BY JOHN OWEN, D.D. A SERVANT OF JESUS CHRIST, IN THE WORK OF THE GOSPEL. PRINTED BY ORDER OF PARLIAMENT, 1656. (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series and Hardcover. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25, ISBN: 0921148208 9780921148203. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #20. Available in various editions of THE COMPLETE WORKS OF JOHN OWEN. Available [THE COMPLETE WORKS OF JOHN OWEN including HEBREWS (OCR digital text)] on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD One, CD #1. A Christian classic.
Owen preaches at length, 21 pages, on God's presence with a people, both individually and corporately, in a sermon on the text "And he went out to meet Asa, and said unto him, Hear ye me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; The Lord is with you, while ye be with him; and if ye seek him, he will be found of you; but if ye forsake him, he will forsake you." (2 Chronicles 15:2) delivered to Parliament October 30, 1656.
"The great concernment of any people or nation is, to know that all their prosperity is from the presence of God amongst them, and to attend to that which will give continuance thereunto. . . .
"There is a presence of God in respect of providential dispensations. . . . -- attended with peculiar love, favor, good-will, special care towards them with whom he is so present. So Abimelech observed that he was with Abraham, Genesis 21:22, "God is with thee in all that thou doest," -- with thee to guide thee, bless thee, preserve thee, as we shall see afterward. So he promised to be with Joshua, "I will be with thee," Joshua 1:5; and so he was with Gideon, "The Lord is with thee," Judges 6:12, -- to bless him in his great undertaking; and so with Jeremiah, "I am with thee," Jeremiah 15:20. This is fully expressed, Isaiah 43:1,2, "I have redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name; thou art mine. When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee." And this is the presence of God here intimated, -- his presence with the people as to special providential dispensations, as is manifest from the whole discourse of the prophet; and wherein this consists, shall be afterward at large declared. . . .
"There is an abiding with God in national administrations; -- this is a fruit of the other, in those who are called to them. And that this is principally here intended is evident from that use that Asa made of this information and exhortation of the prophet. He did not only look to his personal walking thereupon, but also immediately set upon the work of ordering the whole affairs of the kingdom so as God might be glorified thereby. How this may be effected, shall at large afterward be declared. What hath already been spoken may suffice for a foundation of that proposition which I shall this day insist upon; and it is this, --
"The presence of God with a people, in special providential dispensations for their good, depends on their obediential presence with him in national administrations to his glory: "The Lord is with you, while ye be with him. . . ."
"What is the rule and measure of God's continuance with his people in the covenant of grace? Plainly this, -- that he will never forsake them; and, on that account, will take care that they shall never forsake him, but abide with him forever. It is not whilst they do so and so, he will abide with them; and when they cease so to do, he will forsake them, as to his federal and covenant presence; -- there is not such a sandy foundation left us of our abiding with God in Christ. See the tenor of the covenant, Jeremiah 31:33, 32:38-40. The sum is, that God will be with them, and take care that they always abide with him; and therefore hath he provided for all interveniences imaginable, that nothing shall violate this union. God lays his unchangeableness as the foundation of the covenant, Malachi 3:6, and he therein makes us unchangeable; -- not absolutely so, for we change every moment; but with respect to the terms and bounds of the covenant, he hath undertaken that we shall never leave him. The law of God's presence in respect of providential dispensations, and all special privileges attending it, is quite of another importance: it is purely conditional, as you may see in my text. The tenor of it is expressed to the height, 1 Samuel 2:30, "I said indeed that thy house, and the house of thy father, should walk before me forever: but now the Lord saith, Be it far from me; for them that honor me I will honor, and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed." Here is no alteration of counsel or purpose in God; but merely an explanation of the rule, law, and tenor of providential dispensations; -- no interpretation of the covenant of grace (Eli held not the priesthood by that covenant); but an explication of the tenor of a privilege given in special providence, Psalm 89:32,33. Hence is that variety of God's dealings with men mentioned in the Scripture; which yet are always righteous, according to one or other of these rules and laws. . . .
"I suppose I need not go for proof beyond the observation of the constant tenor of God's proceedings with his people of old. When did he not deal thus with them? What instance can be given of transgressing this rule? Is the whole story of the nation of the Jews any thing but the illustration of this proposition? Some ruled well, and sought the Lord; and the Lord was with them, and prospered them in all their ways; -- some fell from him, and walked according to their own imaginations; and the Lord cut them short on that account; -- yea, sometimes the same man, as Solomon, Asa, Uzziah, experienced both these states and conditions. Hath not the state of all nations, since they came into the power of men professing the knowledge of him, been the same? Look on the Roman empire; did it not flourish under the hand of men who ruled with God, and were faithful with the saints? Is not the present distraction of it, under the fury and cruelty of Turk and Pope, the issue of the violence, unrighteousness, idolatry, luxury, and persecution of ill governors? Doth not the demonstration of all God's people in the world -- the consideration whereof, in particular, might be insisted on as the ground and reason of the truth insisted on -- require that it should be thus Leviticus 26:1, and almost the whole book of Deuteronomy, are sermons on this text; and every verse, almost, in them would afford a new confirmation of the truth in hand. . . .
"The second use of this pillar was, to give them protection and defense in their ways; so Exodus 14:19,20,24. This protected them from the Egyptians; -- and from thence God troubled their enemies out of the pillar; that is, from his especial presence. This use of it is insisted on, Isaiah 4:5,6. The cloud, that was as smoke by day, and as fire by night, was also a shadow, a place of refuge, and a covert; in one word, a protection or a defense. And this is a second thing which is in God’s special presence, -- he will protect or defend them with whom he is so present. He is their dwellingplace, Psalm 90:1, then, when in this world they have none; their refuge in the time of trouble: so Isaiah 25:4, 26:1, 31:4. Promises and instances to make this good abound; -- they are known to all; the time would fail me to insist upon them. I might go over all the causes, means, and ways of the fears, dangers, ruin of such a people, and show you how a defense is provided against them all. Are their fears from themselves, because of their folly, weakness, and division? or from pretended friends, because of their envy and desertion? or from open enemies, because of their power, cruelty, malice, and revenge? A defense is provided on every account. Heat, rain, tempests, storms, adversity, prosperity, -- all are provided against, where God is present, Isaiah 32:1,2.
"And if any people in the world have experience of this truth, we have it this day. Had not the Lord been with us, who had not destroyed us? Enemies, friends, abroad, at home, our own follies, -- all, any of them, had done the work, had not the Lord himself been with us. . . .
"That we may abide with God, this is indispensably required, -- that we may have peace with him in Jesus Christ. If we are never with him, we cannot abide with him; no man can abide where he never cornea The acceptance of our persons lies at the bottom of the acceptance of our duties. As the special presence of God with any, is in and by Christ, and no otherwise, so is our abiding with God in and through him. "God with us" is the name of Christ: our being with God is in him who is our peace. Two cannot walk together, unless they be agreed, Amos 3:3.
"Now, because this is not to be expected from all the individuals of a nation, yet this thing is to be endeavored, -- that the rulers of it be such as have this interest. I do not divest of a share in government, those who have no share in Christ, if lawfully called thereunto; but I say, when God gives governors whom he intends to make a blessing unto a people, they shall be such as are blessed of him in Christ. And if ever the government of this nation, in this present constitution, -- suppose it the most exactly framed and balanced, in the several parts of it, for the furtherance of public good, -- be devolved into the hands of men not interested in God by Christ, though the constitution may be absolutely good, yet the government will not be blessed, and the nation will be ruined; for God and his glory will depart, Micah 5:5,6. It is Christ that is our peace, even in outward troubles. . . .
"This, then, I say, is pre-required, as a qualification of any person to the performance of this duty of abiding with God. It is the psalmist's advice, Psalm 2:11,12. Let this principle be always owned amongst you; by it honor Christ in the world. Give him the pre-eminence; it is the Father's will he should have it in all things. Expect not the presence of God, but upon this account. Bear testimony herein against the world of profane men, who despise these things. Seeing, then, it cannot be expected to have this qualification diffused universally, as yet, through the body of the people, let the rulers take care that they be not the cause of God's departure from us. . . ." -- John Owen
God's Presence With a People, the Spring of Their Prosperity: With Their Speciall Interest in Abiding With Him. A Sermon, Preached to the Parliament of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, at Westminster, Octob. 30. 1656. A Day of Solemn Humiliation.
http://books.google.com/books?id=yLsKGgAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

OWEN, JOHN (1616-1683), An humble testimony unto the goodness and severity of God in his dealing with sinful churches and nations. Or the only way to deliver a sinful nation from utter ruin by impendent judgments: in a discourse on the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, . . . By John Owen, D.D. The second edition Edinburgh, 1737. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25, ISBN: 0921148208 9780921148203.

Owen, John. Ouranon ourania. The shaking and translating of heaven and earth. A sermon preached before the Honourable House of Commons, in Parliament assembled, April the 19th, 1649. By Dr. John Owen. London, [1793]. (ECCO) Gale Document Number

*Owen, John, Sermons to the Nation (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust), ISBN: 9780851510668 0851510663, and EEBO. A Christian classic.
"Contains 16 long and detailed sermons that Owen gave mostly during the Cromwellian Period. Nine of them were preached before the House of Commons (Long Parliament). The majority of texts that are used are from the Old Testament."

Owen, John. A sermon preach'd to the Honourable House of Commons, in Parliament assembled, on January 31st, 1648/49. A day of solemn humiliatin. By John Owen . . . London, 1720. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3319810698

Owen, John. The shaking and translating of heaven and earth. A sermon preached before the Honourable House of Commons, in Parliament assembled, April the 19th, 1649. By Dr. John Owen. Edinburgh, 1794. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3319895590

OWEN, JOHN (1616-1683) The stedfastness of promises, and the sinfulness of staggering: opened in a sermon preached at Margarets in Westminster before the Parliament Febr. 28. 1649. Being a day set apart for solemn humiliation throughout the nation. By John Owen minister of the Gospel, 1650. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, THE COMPLETE WORKS OF JOHN OWEN including HEBREWS (OCR digital text), DVD One, CD #1. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.

Owen, John, 1616-1683, A vision of vnchangeable free mercy, in sending the means of grace to undeserved sinners: wherein God's uncontrollable eternall purpose, in sending, and continuing the gospel unto this nation, in the middest of oppositions and contingencies, is discovered: his distinguishing mercy, in this great work, exalted, asserted, against opposers, repiners: in a sermon preached before the Honourable House of Commons, April. 29. being the day of publike humiliation. Whereunto is annexed, a short defensative about church-government, (with a countrey essay for the practice of church-government there) toleration and petitions about these things. By Iohn Owen, minister of the gospel at Coggeshall in Essex, 1646, EEBO.

Preston, John, 1587-1628, The fulnesse of Christ for us. A sermon preached at the court before King James of blessed memory. By John Preston, Dr. in Divinity, chaplaine in ordinary to his Majesty, master of Emanuel Colledge in Cambridge, and sometimes preacher of Lincolnes Inne, 1640, EEBO.

Preston, John, 1587-1628, Sibbes, Richard, 1577-1635, and Davenport, John, 1597-1670, The saints qualification: or, a treatise I. Of humiliation, in tenne sermons. II. Of sanctification, in nine sermons. Whereunto is added a treatise of communion with Christ in the sacrament, in three sermons. Preached by the late faithfull and worthy minister of Iesus Christ, Iohn Preston, Doctor in Divinity, Chaplaine in Ordinary to his Majestie, Master of Emanuel Colledge in Cambridge, and sometime preacher of Lincolnes Inne, 1637, EEBO.
"A sermon preached at a generall fast before the Commons-House of Parliament: the second of Iuly, 1625. In the time of the plague" and "The cup of blessing: delivered in three sermons upon I Cor. 10.16"

Preston, John, 1587-1628, Goodwin, Thomas, 1600-1680, Ball, Thomas, 1589 or 90-1659, Sermons preached before his Maiestie; and vpon other speciall occasions: viz. 1 The pillar and ground of truth . . . 2 The new life . . . 3 A sensible demonstration of the Deitie . . . 4 Exact walking . . . 5 Samuels support of sorrowfull sinners . . . By the late faithfull and worthy minister of Iesus Christ, Iohn Preston Dr. in Diuinity, chaplaine in ordinary to his Maiestie, master of Emanuel College in Cambridge, and sometimes preacher of Lincolnes Inne, 1630, EEBO.

Proffet, Nicholas. England's impenitence under smiting; causing anger to continue, and the destroying hand of God to be stretched forth still: set out in a sermon preached before the Honourable House of Commons, at their public fast, September 25. 1644. By Nicholas Proffet, . . . Dumfries, 1799. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3322121206

PURITAN DIVINES, Puritan Sermons Before the English House of Commons (1640-1641). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #29, ISBN: 0921148283 9780921148289.

*RUTHERFORD, SAMUEL, (1600?-1661), The Glory, Majesty, Dominion and Power of Jesus Christ, 1643. Alternate title: A sermon preached to the Honorable House of Commons: at their late solemne fast, Wednesday, Janu. 31. 1643. By Samuel Rutherfurd, professor of Divinitie in the Universitie of St. Andrews. Published by order of the House of Commons. [Daniel 6:26] (Printed at London by Richard Cotes, for Richard Whittakers & Andrew Crooke, and are to bee sold at their shops in Pauls Church-Yard, 1644), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), 66 pages. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #9, #25, and #29, ISBN-10: 0921148836, ISBN-13: 9780921148838. Also available on the Amazing Christian Library, DVD Two, CD #7, 64 pages. A Christian classic.
"Here Rutherford covers a wide range of topics including Christ's kingship and dominion over civil governments, what lawful power (civil and ecclesiastical) is, God's providence, suffering (especially among those covenanted to Him), the oppression and martyrdom of the saints, the wrath of God, apologetics, the fear of God, the visible church, assurance and the weak believer, the free offer of the Gospel, the sovereignty of God, antinomianism, Arminianism, and much more. However, whatever the subject, Rutherford can be found focusing on and exalting the Lord Jesus Christ and His truth in a way that few others have been granted the ability to do -- notwithstanding the fact that he himself wrote, 'I have neither tongue nor pen to express to you the happiness of such as are in Christ' (Letters of Samuel Rutherford, p. 47). Classic Rutherford, preached before some of the most powerful civil leaders of his day!" -- SWRB "It hath been the sin of this Land, that when Episcopacy, Antichristian Ceremonies, Superstition, and Will-worship were enjoined by Law, to pleasure an earthly King, you willingly followed after the command, against the direction of the King of Kings: and now hath the Lord delivered the people of the Land into the hand of their KING. And for this the Sword of the Lord hath gone through the Land." -- Samuel Rutherford

Rutherford, Samuel. A sermon, preached to the Honourable House of Commons, at their last solemn fast, in the year of God. 1644. By Samuel Rutherfurd, . . . Edinburgh, 1709. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3321818905

Rutherford, Samuel. A sermon, preached to the Honourable House of Commons, at their last solemn fast, in the year of God. 1644. By Samuel Rutherfurd, . . . Edinburgh, 1709. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3321818905

Rutherford, Samuel. A sermon, preached before the Right Honourable House of Lords, in the Abbey Church at Westminster, Wednesday the 25 day of June, 1645. . . . By Samuel Rutherford . . . Edinburgh, 1709. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3321292631

Scott, Thomas, 1580?-1626, Christs politician, and Salomons puritan. Deliuered in two sermons preached before the Kings Maiestie. By Thomas Scot Bachelour of Diuinitie and one of his Maiesties chapleines. These two sermons epitomiz'de. Beware of men; of hypocrites beware. Who likes not this, no friends but enemies are. Be not too iust; be not a puritan. Yet be as pure a Christian as you can. Author: Scott, Thomas, preacher at the Rolls Chapel, 1616, EEBO.

Seaman, Lazarus, d. 1675, Solomons choice: or, A president for kings and princes, and all that are in authority, presented in a sermon before the Honourable House of Commons at Margarets Westminster, at their publique fast, Septemb. 25. 1644. By Lazarus Seaman, pastor of the Church of Christ at Alhallowes-Breadstreet-London. One of the Assembly of Divines, 1644, EEBO.

Sedgwick, Obadiah, 1600?-1658, and Chambers, Humphrey, 1598 or 9-1662, The best and the worst magistrate: or, The people's happiness and unhappiness, laid open in a sermon preached at the late election of the Lord Major for the famous City of London, Sept. 29. 1648. By Obadiah Sedgwick B. in D. and minister at Covent-Garden, 1648, EEBO.

Spurstowe, William, 1605?-1666, Englands eminent judgments, caus'd by the abuse of Gods eminent mercies: discovered in a sermon preached before the Right Honourable House of Lords, in the Abbey Church at Westminster, at the publique thankesgiving, Novemb. 5. 1644. By William Spurstowe, late Fellow of Katharine-Hall in Cambridge, and now pastor of Hackney, neere London, a member of the Assembly of Divines, 1644, EEBO.

Spurstowe, William, The magistrates dignity and duty: being a sermon preached on Oct. 30, 1653, at Pauls Church before the Rt. Hon. Thos. Viner, Lord Major, and the aldermen of the city of London: being the first sermon after his entrance into his majoralty (London: Printed by T. C., 1654), EEBO.

Tesdale, Christopher, b. 1591 or 2, Hiervsalem: or A vision of peace. In a sermon preached at Margarets in Westminster, before the honourable House of Commons at their monethly fast, Aug. 28. 1644. By Christopher Tesdale, Pastor at Husborn Tarrant, in the county of Southampton, and a member of the Assembly of Divines, 1644, EEBO.

Vines, Richard, 1600?-1656, Calebs integrity in following the Lord fully, in a sermon preached at St. Margarets Westminster, before the Honourable House of Commons, at their late solemne and publick fast, Novemb: 30th. 1642. By Richard Vines, Mr. of Arts of Magd. Colledge in Camb: and minister of the gospell at Weddington in the county of Warr, 1642, EEBO.

Vines, Richard, 1600?-1656, The posture of Davids spirit when he was in a doubtfull condition. Opened in a sermon preached before the honourable House of Commons at Margarets Westminster, upon October 22. 1644. Being a day especially set apart for a publicke humiliation. By Richard Vines, minister of the Gospel at Weddington in the County of Warwick, and one of the Assembly of Divines, 1644, EEBO.

*Baxter, Richard, (1615-1691), The One Thing Necessary, ISBN: 1877611360. Available in THE REFORMED PASTOR
A treatise on the sin of Martha.

Webster, W. (William). A sermon preach'd before the Honourable the House of Commons, at St. Margaret's church, Westminster, on Saturday May 29. 1742. . . . By the Reverend William Webster, . . . London, [1742]. (ECCO) Gale Document Number CW3322575724

Whincop, John, d. 1647, Gods call to weeping and mourning. Set out in a sermon before the honourable House of Commons assembled in Parliament, at their late solemne fast, Ianuary 29. 1644. Being, the day before the Treaty (at Uxbridg) began. By John Whincop, D.D. Late fellow of Trin: Coll: in Cambridge, now Rector of the Church of Clothall in Hartford-shire. Published by order of that House, 1645, EEBO.

Whincop, John, d. 1647, Israels tears for distressed Zion. Shown in a sermon before the Right Honourable House of Lords assembled in Parliament, at their late solemn fast, in the Abby-Church of Westminster, Sept. 24. 1645. By John Whincop D.D. and pastor of the church of Clothall in Hertford-shire. Published by order of the House of Peers, 1645, EEBO.

White, John, 1570-1615, A speech of Mr. Iohn White, counsellor at law, made in the Commons House of Parliament, concerning episcopacy, 1641, EEBO.

White, John, 1570-1615, Mr. VVhites speech in Parliament on Munday, the 17th of January. Concerning the triall of the XII. bishops An. Dom. 1641, 1642, EEBO.

Willard, Samuel, The character of a good ruler as it was recommended in a sermon preached before His Excellency the Governour, and the honourable counsellors, and assembly of the representatives of the province of Massachusetts Bay in New-England, May 30, 1694: which was the day for election of counsellors for that province, by Samuel Willard. Samuel Willard was pastor of a Church of Christ in Boston and Vice-President of Harvard College. See his other works.

Williams, Daniel, 1643?-1716, The advancement of Christs interests the governing end of a Christians life a second sermon preached before the Right Honourable Sir John Shorter, Knight, Lord Mayor of the city of London at Grocers-Hall, January the 9th, 1687/8 / by Daniel Williams, 1688, EEBO.

Williams, Daniel, 1643?-1716, The kingdom of God in power a sermon preached before the Right Honourable Sir John Shorter, Knight, Lord Mayor of the city of London, at Grocers-Hall, November the 20th, 1687 / by Daniel Williams . . . , 1688, EEBO.

Woodcock, Francis, 1614?-1651, Christ's warning-piece: giving notice to every one to watch, and keep their garments. Delivered in a sermon, preached at Margarets Westminster, before the Honourable House of Commons, at their late solemn fast, Octob. 30. 1644. By Francis Woodcock, Minister in London, and one of the Assembly of Divines. Published by order of the said House, 1644, EEBO.

Woodcock, Francis, 1614?-1651, Lex talionis: or, God paying every man in his own coyn. Held forth in a sermon preached at Margarets Westminster, before the Honorable House of Commons, on their solemn fast, July 30th, 1645. By Francis Woodcock, minister at Olaves Southwark, one of the Assembly of Divines. Published by order of that House, 1646, EEBO.



The Reformed Presbytery of Scotland and The Reformed Presbytery of America

The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God. (2 Samuel 23:3)

For the Lord is Our Judge, the Lord is Our Lawgiver, the Lord is Our King; He will save us. (Isaiah 33:22)

Reformed Presbytery, A pastoral letter to the old dissenters, concerning family and social duties (Paisley: Stephen Young, 1808).

Reformed Presbytery (America), Minutes of Presbytery (America)
See: Chapter 9 (part 2): "Corporate faithfulness and sanctification"
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9chb.html

REFORMED PRESBYTERY OF NORTH AMERICA, STEELE, DAVID (1803-1887, editor), The Contending Witness, The Reformation Advocate and The Original Covenanter magazines. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18, ISBN: 0921148933 9780921148937. Available (THE BEST OF THE ORIGINAL COVENANTER AND CONTENDING WITNESS MAGAZINE) on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"The following list of magazines, edited by David Steele, comprise what is likely the best compilation of Christian periodicals ever amassed under one set of bindings. Nothing we know of (before or since), authored as magazine articles related to full-orbed nation shaking biblical Reformation, even comes close to the consistent quality of writing found in these short works on various subjects. Steele himself should probably be considered the best theologian of the nineteenth century, and the other contributors to these magazines were all approaching the same class. A healthy portion of Steele's writing is found in these magazines, as he only wrote a few other books, so the reading is encouraged to sample for himself some of the best writing (defending the Covenanted Reformation) you will find anywhere!" -- SWRB

Reformed Presbytery (Scotland) Testimony and warning against the evil and danger of popery, &c. (New York, NY: John W. Oliver, 1840 1782),

Reformed Presbytery (Scotland), Testimony and warning against the blasphemies and idolatry of popery, the evil and danger of every encouragement given to it . . . (Falkirk?: Daniel Reid?, 1730).

Reformed Presbyterian Church of Scotland. Presbytery of Edinburgh, Deliverance of the Reformed Presbytery of Edinburgh on American slavery and church-fellowship with slave-holders (Edinburgh?, Scotland: s.n., 1845).

The Reformed Presbytery of Scotland and The Reformed Presbytery of America
http://www.swrb.com/catalog/R.htm

*ROBERTS, WILLIAM L. (1798-1864), The Reformed Presbyterian Catechism (New York, NY: R. Craighead, 1853), ISBN: 0524065543 9780524065549. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. ATLA 1991-2638.
A magnificent catechism that sets forth the Crown Rights of The King of Glory and Lord of Lords. It also presents incontrovertible evidence that the United States Constitution is not a Christian document, and that it is, in fact, a slavery document.
See also: THE SCOTTISH COVENANTING STRUGGLE, ALEXANDER CRAIGHEAD, AND THE MECKLENBURG DECLARATION, SECRET PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, CONSPIRACY IN PHILADELPHIA: THE ORIGINS OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION, and A THEOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF AMERICAN HISTORY.
"A manual of instruction, drawing from such notable authors as William Symington and J.R. Willson, presenting 'arguments and facts confirming and illustrating the 'Distinctive Principles' of the Reformed Presbyterian Church. Chapters deal with: 'Christ's Mediatorial Dominion in general;' Christ's exclusive Headship over the Church;' 'The Supreme and Ultimate Authority of the Word of God in the Church;' Civil Government, the Moral Ordinance of God;' Christ's Headship over the Nations;' 'The Subjection of the Nations to God and to Christ;' The Word, or Revealed Will of God, the Supreme Law in the State;' 'The Duty of Nations, in their National Capacity, to acknowledge and support the True Religion:' 'The Spiritual Independence of the Church of Christ:' 'The Right and Duty of Dissent from an immoral Constitution of Civil Government;' 'The Duty of Covenanting, and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants;' 'The Application of these Principles to the Governments, where Reformed Presbyterians reside, in the form of a Practical Testimony;' and finally 'Application of the Testimony to the British Empire.' A most important book, as we approach (possibly) the end of the great apostasy and will be in need of preparing for the dawning of the glorious millennial blessings to come; the days prophesied in which the church 'shalt also suck the milk of the Gentiles, and shalt suck the breast of kings' (Isa. 60:16)." -- SWRB
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html

*ROBERTS, WILLIAM L. (1798-1864), The Duty of Nations, in Their National Capacity, to Acknowledge and Support the True Religion, 1853 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25, ISBN: 0921148208 9780921148203.
"Excerpted from THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM below, this book deals with the inescapable necessity, of the demand found in the Word of God, for the Civil establishment of Christ as King and Lawgiver over every nation on earth. If you are sick of the cease-fire with humanism, set forth by the syncretistic, Satanic and pragmatic pagan politicians of our day (those who bargain with votaries of Antichrist [the Pope], publicly tolerate all manner of false religions (e.g. Islam) and idolatry, and compose their policy and draw their pretended authority from the beast [and not the Word of God], this book is for you! For all pagan politics is summed up in the words of the Cameronian (Covenanter) political philosopher Alexander Shields, as 'rotting away under the destructive distempers of detestable neutrality, loathsome lukewarmness, declining, and decaying in corruptions, defections, divisions, distractions, confusions; and so judicially infatuated with darkness and delusions, that they forget and forego the necessary testimony of the day' (A Hind let Loose, 1797 edition, p. 20). Pick up this book and begin the political walk in the 'footsteps of the flock,' traveling the covenanting road of Reformation and Scripture (with the magisterial Reformers of the past)!" -- SWRB
On the Duty of Covenanting and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants, being section 11 in the Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, 1853, by William L. Roberts
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/PresCatCov.htm
A Hind Let Loose; Or An Historical Representation OF THE TESTIMONIES OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND. . . . by Mr. ALEXANDER SHIELDS, Minister of the Gospel, in St. Andrews. , EEBO.
http://www.covenanter.org/AShields/Hind/Hindletloosetitle.htm
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html

*STEELE, DAVID, 1803-1887, Circular no. 3: a concise history of the Reformed Presbyterian Church from the middle of the sixteenth century and of the Reformed Presbytery from 1840 till the Present Time, 1886, ISBN: 092114816X 9780921148166.
http://www.covenanter.org/Steele/Circularthree.htm

*STEELE, DAVID (1803-1887, editor), Reformed Presbytery of North America, The Contending Witness, The Reformation Advocate and The Original Covenanter magazines. Available [THE BEST OF THE ORIGINAL COVENANTER AND CONTENDING WITNESS MAGAZINE] on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18, ISBN: 0921148933 9780921148937.
"The following list of magazines, edited by David Steele, comprise what is likely the best compilation of Christian periodicals ever amassed under one set of bindings. Nothing we know of (before or since), authored as magazine articles related to full-orbed nation shaking biblical Reformation, even comes close to the consistent quality of writing found in these short works on various subjects. Steele himself should probably be considered the best theologian of the nineteenth century, and the other contributors to these magazines were all approaching the same class. A healthy portion of Steele's writing is found in these magazines, as he only wrote a few other books, so the reading is encouraged to sample for himself some of the best writing (defending the Covenanted Reformation) you will find anywhere!" -- SWRB

The Contending Witness magazine, Vol. 1:1-2:6, Apr. 1841 to Feb. 1843 (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
The Reformation Advocate magazine, Vol. 1:1-1:12, March 1874 to Dec. 1876(Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
The Origianal Covenanter magazine, Vol. 2:1-2:16, July 1877 to Dec. 1880 (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
The Origianal Covenanter magazine, Vol. 3:1-3:16, March 1881 to Dec. 1884 (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).

WILLSON (WILSON), JAMES M., (1809-1866), Some Reasons for Retaining the Westminster Confession as the Basis of Ecclesiastical Union. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #24, ISBN: 0921148186 9780921148180.

See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), Covetousness, greed, selfishness, The inspiration and infallibility of scripture (the doctrine of revelation, the doctrine of plenary inspiration, the doctrine of divine inspiration, the doctrine of verbal inspiration, The ten commandments, Trusting god, Idolatry, Immanuel, Christ's presence, christ in you, Justifying faith, Justification, Forgiveness, Sanctification, Glorification, Theft, Sexual relationship, Spirituality and harlotry, Rebellion and lawlessness: wickedness, demonic possession, substance abuse, abnormal behavior, insanity, mental illness, mental retardation, Repentance, the key to salvation and change, Justice, the theology of judgment, god's final judgment, the great white throne judgment, the day of the lord, The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, Covenant theology, The covenanted reformation, Background and history of the covenanted reformation of scotland, Covenanted reformation short title listing, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, The one and the many, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Individual responsibility for corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Unfaithful reformed ministries, Secret societies, ungodly alliances, voluntary associations, Conspiracy and corruption, and so forth, and so on.

Related WebLinks

Deed of Constitution for the REFORMED PRESBYTERY IN NORTH AMERICA (RPNA)
http://www.swrb.com/Puritan/reformed-presbytery-RPNA.htm

Still Waters Revival Catalog
http://www.swrb.com/catalog/r.htm

The Reformed Presbytery, USA
http://www.swrb.com/catalog/R.htm

Pastoral Admonitions and Warnings of the Reformed Presbyterian Church [together with some profitable ones from other Reformed churches.]
http://www.covenanter.org/Pastoral/pastoraladmonitions.htm



Covenant Theology and the Ordinance of Covenanting

See the Theological Notes, "God's Covenant of Grace" at Genesis 12:1 in The Reformation Study Bible.

See the Theological Notes, "The Kingdom of God," at Luke 17:20 in The Reformation Study Bible.

See the Theological Notes, "The Humble Obedience of Christ," at John 5:19 in The Reformation Study Bible.

See the Theological Notes, "The Church," at Ephesians 2:19 in The Reformation Study Bible.

See the Theological Notes, "Heaven," at Revelation 21:1 in The Reformation Study Bible.

Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackclothes, and earth upon them. And the seed of Israel separated themselves from all strangers, and stood and confessed their sins, and the iniquities of their fathers. And they stood up in their place, and read in the book of the law of the LORD their God one fourth part of the day; and another fourth part they confessed, and worshipped the LORD their God.
Then stood up upon the stairs, of the Levites, Jeshua, and Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani, and Chenani, and cried with a loud voice unto the LORD their God. Then the Levites, Jeshua, and Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabniah, Sherebiah, Hodijah, Shebaniah, and Pethahiah, said,
Stand up and bless the LORD your God for ever and ever:
And blessed be thy glorious name, which is exalted above all blessing and praise. Thou, even thou, art LORD alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee.
Thou art the LORD the God, who didst choose Abram, and broughtest him forth out of Ur of the Chaldees, and gavest him the name of Abraham; And foundest his heart faithful before thee, and madest a covenant with him to give the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Girgashites, to give it, I say, to his seed, and hast performed thy words; for thou art righteous:
And didst see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heardest their cry by the Red sea; And shewedst signs and wonders upon Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land: for thou knewest that they dealt proudly against them. So didst thou get thee a name, as it is this day. And thou didst divide the sea before them, so that they went through the midst of the sea on the dry land; and their persecutors thou threwest into the deeps, as a stone into the mighty waters. Moreover thou leddest them in the day by a cloudy pillar; and in the night by a pillar of fire, to give them light in the way wherein they should go.
Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments: And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant: And gavest them bread from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and promisedst them that they should go in to possess the land which thou hadst sworn to give them.
But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and hearkened not to thy commandments, And refused to obey, neither were mindful of thy wonders that thou didst among them; but hardened their necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage: but thou art a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not.
Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, and said, This is thy God that brought thee up out of Egypt, and had wrought great provocations; Yet thou in thy manifold mercies forsookest them not in the wilderness: the pillar of the cloud departed not from them by day, to lead them in the way; neither the pillar of fire by night, to shew them light, and the way wherein they should go. Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst. Yea, forty years didst thou sustain them in the wilderness, so that they lacked nothing; their clothes waxed not old, and their feet swelled not.
Moreover thou gavest them kingdoms and nations, and didst divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon, and the land of the king of Heshbon, and the land of Og king of Bashan. Their children also multipliedst thou as the stars of heaven, and broughtest them into the land, concerning which thou hadst promised to their fathers, that they should go in to possess it. So the children went in and possessed the land, and thou subduedst before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, and gavest them into their hands, with their kings, and the people of the land, that they might do with them as they would. And they took strong cities, and a fat land, and possessed houses full of all goods, wells digged, vineyards, and oliveyards, and fruit trees in abundance: so they did eat, and were filled, and became fat, and delighted themselves in thy great goodness.
Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great provocations. Therefore thou deliveredst them into the hand of their enemies, who vexed them: and in the time of their trouble, when they cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and according to thy manifold mercies thou gavest them saviours, who saved them out of the hand of their enemies.
But after they had rest, they did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and many times didst thou deliver them according to thy mercies; And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them;) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear. Yet many years didst thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by thy spirit in thy prophets: yet would they not give ear: therefore gavest thou them into the hand of the people of the lands. Nevertheless for thy great mercies' sake thou didst not utterly consume them, nor forsake them; for thou art a gracious and merciful God.
Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the terrible God, who keepest covenant and mercy, let not all the trouble seem little before thee, that hath come upon us, on our kings, on our princes, and on our priests, and on our prophets, and on our fathers, and on all thy people, since the time of the kings of Assyria unto this day. Howbeit thou art just in all that is brought upon us; for thou hast done right, but we have done wickedly: Neither have our kings, our princes, our priests, nor our fathers, kept thy law, nor hearkened unto thy commandments and thy testimonies, wherewith thou didst testify against them. For they have not served thee in their kingdom, and in thy great goodness that thou gavest them, and in the large and fat land which thou gavest before them, neither turned they from their wicked works.
Behold, we are servants this day, and for the land that thou gavest unto our fathers to eat the fruit thereof and the good thereof, behold, we are servants in it: And it yieldeth much increase unto the kings whom thou hast set over us because of our sins: also they have dominion over our bodies, and over our cattle, at their pleasure, and we are in great distress. And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal unto it. (Nehemiah 9)

And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal unto it. (Nehemiah 9:38)

See the Theological Notes, "The Sacraments," at Matthew 28:19 in The Reformation Study Bible.

Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen. (Hebrews 13:20,21)

I do judge, and in conscience believe, that no power on earth can absolve, and liberate the people of God from the bonds and sacred ties of the oath of God. I am persuaded that Asa acted warrantably, in making a law, that the people should stand to the covenant, in receiving into the covenant such as were not of his kingdom, 2 Chron. 15:9, 10. -- Samuel Rutherford (Testimony to the Covenanted Work of Reformation)

Traditionally, law was never construed as legalist. It was always construed as a result of covenant. If we can define the word covenant as bond, that lovely four letter word, b-o-n-d, then it's a relationship, it's a solidarity with God or with another person. And from that relationship flows duty. So we can think of convent as that marvelous combination of promise and duty. And so I really see law as a response to a relationship. -- Joseph Kickasola

Pray against the power of your lusts by calling on the gospel covenant. God was not bound by the first covenant to stir a foot for man's help. Man by his own accord went over into the Devil's camp. He deserted God, and chose a new lord. And God may have left him there, without offering any help for his rescue from his rebellion, as he did in leaving the fallen angels without a Savior. It was only by free grace that God undertook the recovery of men through the gospel covenant. So then, if you are a covenanter with God by accepting the terms on which God offers to save us in the gospel covenant -- that is by faith and repentance -- then call upon God to remember His covenant, and to cause you to renounce your sins, those armies of lusts which war against your soul. Then you shall find that those with you are greater than those that are against you, that sin shall no more have dominion over you." Why? Because "you are not under law, but under grace," -- Romans 6:14. That is, you are not under the law covenant which God made with Adam, but are under the gospel covenant that God made with the Second Adam, Christ, and through Him to all believers. Oh, how many lose their prayers against sin because they do not have the gospel covenant to plead against them! They do not stand in federal relation to God, and they do not take care to get into it. -- William Gurnall

*ANDERSON, JOHN, A Catechism, Setting Forth the Principles of Public Covenanting (1889) (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"On covenanting the preface perceptively notes, `In this exercise the covenanter engages to no new duty but declares upon oath that he believes the doctrine and practice of this church to be the very truth of God, and engages in the strength of promised grace to continue faithful to Christ and his cause. The unrest and spirit of change that moves the church of today is the chief reason why this ordinance is so much opposed. It carries with it a certainty of knowledge, a fixedness of principle, and steadfast in profession that is counter to the Spirit of our times. A declining church is not a covenanting one; it (covenanting -- RB) has only been practiced by those churches that were seeking to hold that to which they had attained.' A concise and easy-to-read introduction to covenanting. 88 pages." -- SWRB

ANONYMOUS, The Case of the Accommodation (1671) (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"The title continues: `Lately proposed by the Bishop of Dumblane, to the Non-conforming Ministers examined. Wherein also the Ancient Prostasia, or Episcopus Praeses, is considered; and the Solemn League and Covenant occasionally vindicated.' This title has been attributed to Robert M'Ward. 134 pages." -- SWRB

Barrow, Reg, Calvin, Covenanting and Close Communion, a book review of ALEXANDER AND RUFUS . . . by John Anderson, 1862
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/CalvinCC.htm

Belcher, Richard P., A Comparison of Dispensationalism and Covenant Theology, 46 pages, ISBN: 0925703389 9780925703385. "This short work is neither a polemic for or against one or the other of these two systems. Rather a chapter is devoted to each system and then a third is used to com~pare the two. The author has stressed objectivity in order to aid the reader in determining his own system of theology . . . " -- GCB

Bogue, Carl, Does the Regulative Principle Matter to the PCA? (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"This message was delivered for Concerned Presbyterian Day (March 23/93). It deals with problems in the Presbyterian Church in America concerning differing views of worship as they relate to Scripture and the vows ministers take to the Westminster Confession. Bogue's reviews of A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants by Junius Brutus and Messiah the Prince or, The Mediatorial Dominion of Jesus Christ by William Symington are both appended to this lecture." -- SWRB

*BROWN, JOHN (of Haddington) Westminster's View of the "Everlasting" Solemn League and Covenant (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Interestingly, in the section defending the continuing obligation of the National and Solemn League and Covenant, we also note that the Westminster Assembly considered the Solemn League and Covenant an 'everlasting covenant.' Brown cites the following as proof, 'That the body of the English nation also swore the Solemn League and Covenant, is manifest. The Westminster Assembly and English Parliament, affirm, 'The honourable house of Parliament, the Assembly of Divines, the renowned city of London, and multitudes of other persons of all ranks and quality in this nation, and the whole body of Scotland, have all sworn it, rejoicing at the oath so graciously seconded from heaven. God will, doubtless, stand by all those, who with singleness of heart shall now enter into an everlasting covenant with the Lord' (p. 161, emphasis added). The footnote tells us that the words Brown was quoting were taken from 'Exhortation to take the Covenant, February, 1644'."

*BROWN, JOHN (of Haddington), Our Modern Day Malignants (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
" 'Brown also includes a helpful section on a point some modern day malignants are once again attempting to use to overthrow the biblical attainments of the covenanted Reformation. This section shows that the '(t)he intrinsic obligation of promises, oaths, vows, and covenants which constitutes their very essence or essential form, is totally and manifestly distinct from the obligation of the law of God in many respects' (p. 120, emphasis added)." -- SWRB

*Brooks, Thomas, Covenant of Grace [30953]

*Buchanan, James, The Doctrine of Justification [60216]

*BURGES, CORNELIUS, The First Sermon Preached to the Honorable House of Commons now Assembled in Parliament at Their Public Fast, Nov. 17, 1640 (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"A beautifully clear facsimile copy of this amazing sermon (published by order of the British House of Commons in 1641), exhorting this Parliament to 'stand to the covenant' of God; by, 'endeavouring of a further Sanction of, and stronger Guard about our true Palladium, the true Religion, already established among us; in the perfecting of the Reformation of it; in the erecting, maintaining, protecting, and encouraging of an able, godly, faithful, zealous, profitable, Preaching Ministry, in every Parish Church and Chapel throughout England and Wales; in interceding to the Kings sacred Majesty for the setting up of a Faithful, Judicious, and Zealous Magistracy, where yet the same is wanting, to be ever at hand to back such a Ministry: without either of which, not only the power of Godliness will sooner degenerate into formality, and zeal into lukewarmness; but Popery, Arminianism, Socinianism, Profaneness, Apostasy, and Atheism itself will more and more crowd in upon us, and prevail against us, do You all You can be all other means.' Points out that where a godly ministry and magistracy are lacking, society degenerates into a godless mob, headed by one of the above named heresies -- as we have seen in our day. Presses national covenant renewal, from Jer. 50:5, and explains from scripture how and why this should take place. Cites many biblical examples of the great Scriptural blessing that has followed previous national covenanting; while making practical application to the situation of the day. This sermon foreshadows chapter 23, of the celebrated Westminster Confession of Faith [1646], on 'the Civil Magistrate,' and gives much insight into this watershed period of Christian political development. It is highly recommended for anyone even remotely interested in seeing their nation prosper politically and ecclesiastically. Furthermore, it will be a great help for anyone seeking to formulate a biblical doctrine explaining the four way relationship between: loving God with all your heart, soul, strength and mind; Jesus Christ as mediator; the everlasting covenant (and covenanting); and the state, as set forth in Scripture. A very rare item. A Covenanter's delight! 70 pages." -- SWRB

*BURGESS, ANTHONY (d. 1664?), Vindiciae Legis: or, A Vindication of the Moral Law and the Covenants, from the Errors of Papists, Arminians, Socinians, and more especially, Antinomians (1647), (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), EEBO.
" 'A nonconformist clergyman,' Burgess 'was a member of the (Westminster) Assembly of Divines. Ejected at the Restoration . . . his works are much valued and have become very scarce' (Darling, Cyclopedia Bibliographica, p. 439). This book contains 30 lectures preached at London 'against the antinomian errours of the times.' It is the second edition corrected and augmented. Burgess says that he wrote to 'maintain the dignitie and use of the Morall Law against late errours about it.' Taking on all the errorists listed in the subtitle Burgess also notes that he has 'endeavoured to give the Law its due, and the Gospel its due, remembering that of Luther . . . He that knoweth how to distinguish between Law and Gospel, let him give thanks to God, and know he is a Divine' (i.e. a scholar of Scripture -- RB). An exceedingly rare item that sells for over $300 a copy on the rare book market. This book should be read by everyone in the Protestant Reformed church (or anyone who must deal with them) as it demolishes their (i.e. Protestant Reformed) errors concerning covenants -- especially in regard to their denial (and disregard for the biblical, 'Westminster' view) of the covenant of works. Some of its 62 chapter heads include: 'What a man cannot do by the power of nature;' 'Whether there are any antecedaneous works upon the heart before grace;' 'What does this Image (of God in man -- RB) consist;' 'Whether God did enter into a covenant with Adam;' 'How God can be said to covenant, or enter into a promise with man;' What Law this delivered in Mount Sinai is, and what kind of laws there are, and why it's called the Moral Law;' Whether this Law repeated by Moses, be the same with the law of nature implanted in us;' 'Why God gave the Moral Law;' Whether the Law be an instrument of sanctification;' 'Whether the Law be a covenant of grace;' Wherein the Law and Gospel do oppose or differ from each other; under which is handled the false differences between the Law and Gospel made by Anabaptists, Papists, and Antinomians;' 'Whether the Law command faith;' 'How Christ is the end of the Law.' Indexed." -- SWRB

Bultmann, R., Theology of the New Testament, 1951

Calamy, Edmund, The Great Danger of Covenant-refusing, and Covenant-breaking,
Select "Topics," "Covenanting" and then the sermon.
http://www.truecovenanter.com/

*CAMERON, RICHARD, God Defends His Covenanted Remnant (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Cameron, the 'lion of the Covenant,' had to travel to Holland to receive ordination at the hands of two of Samuel Rutherford's former students, McWard and Brown of Wamphray (who were earlier exiled to the Netherlands for faithfulness to Christ's cause). Cameron could not be ordained in Scotland due to the fact that all the other 'presbyterian' ministers remaining in Scotland had defected from the covenanted cause. But Cameron (as Elijah and others before him) persevered, as the church is often brought to such extremities concerning her public testimony. Holding to the attainments won at Westminster and in the Solemn League and Covenant, Cameron refused to yield an inch of the blood bought ground he occupied. He was later joined by a second minister, Donald Cargill, and both were eventually martyred for their unwillingness to 'sell' even the least of the church's covenanted attainments (Prov. 23:23). He was said to be a powerful preacher and this sermon gives us a glimpse of what it must have been like to hear him. It covers numerous topics but focuses on Christ's victory in His church and God's anger against those who oppose his faithful servants. It contains a testimony against unlawful civil rulers and against Scotland's national apostasy (and covenant breaking). It also defends the use of defensive arms, the testimony of the Scottish martyrs during the killing times and some of the specific attainments of the covenanted Reformation. Here again we get a taste of Covenanter field preaching in days of great persecution. This sermon is read (by Ruling Elder Lyndon Dohms) from the book Sermons in Times of Persecution in Scotland, by Sufferers for the Royal Prerogatives of Jesus Christ." -- SWRB

Clemens, R.E., Prophecy and Covenant, 1965

*CUNNINGHAM, JOHN, The Ordinance of Covenanting (1843), (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
"This book is considered by many as the classic work on covenanting. 'The theology of Covenanting is here unfolded with a richness of scriptural research and a maturity of intellectual strength which would have made the grey eye of Peden glisten with delight. The treatise is a valuable addition to that solid theological literature of which the Reformed Presbyterian Church has produced repeated and enduring specimens, and stamps Mr. Cunningham as a distinguished disciple of the thoughtful and scriptural school of Mason and the Symingtons' (Presbyterian Review (1844) as cited by Johnston, TREASURY OF THE SCOTTISH COVENANT).
"The author himself notes that '(p)rayer and the offering of praise are universally admitted to be duties of religion. The Scriptures announce a place among these for the exercise of solemn Covenanting . . . What the word of God unfolds concerning it, is addressed to the most resolute consideration of all, and is capable of engaging the most extensive and prolonged investigation. And yet, though none have found this subject, like all God's judgements, else than a great deep, still in meditating upon it, the ignorant have been brought to true knowledge, and the wise have increased in wisdom. 'The secret of the Lord is with them that fear him; and he will shew them his covenant' (Ps. 25:14) . . . Mutual federal engagements, concerning things religious and civil, whether entered into merely by simple promise, or confirmed by the solemn oath, have been made from the highest antiquity to the present. The hostility to some such engagements, and also the proud disregard for their obligation, which have been evinced by some in all ages, demand a most careful examination into their nature and design . . . Furnished with the key of Scripture, approaching the subject, we are enabled to open the mysteries in which ignorance and prejudice had shut it up; and equipped with the armour of light shooting forth its heavenly radiance, in safety to ourselves we assail the darkness thrown around it, and behold the instant flight of the spirits of error which that darkness contains. Standing alone in beauteous attractions descended from heaven upon it, this service beckons us to approach it, and engages to connect extensive good with a proper attention to its claims. The observance, under various phases, is described in Scripture as an undisputed and indisputable reality.'
"In this book Cunningham exhaustively covers the subject of covenanting in over 400 pages. He deals with the manner, duty and nature of covenanting (including personal and social covenanting), the obligation covenanting confers, how covenanting is provided for in the everlasting covenant, how it is adapted to the moral constitution of man and how it is according to the purposes of God. Numerous Divine examples are cited from Scripture and covenanting is shown to be one of the great privileges of the Christian life.
"An interesting chapter covers 'Covenanting Enforced By the Grant of Covenant Signs and Seals;' which touches on circumcision, baptism, the Sabbath, the Priesthood, the new heart and the person and work of the Lord Jesus Christ. Furthermore, this book demonstrates how God's approbation rested upon Covenanters in formers ages, how covenanting is predicted in prophecy, how it is recommended by the practice of the New Testament Church and at what seasons it is appropriate. The appendices touch on the relationship of covenanting to immoral and unscriptural civil governments, the Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland, the British constitution and the apostasy of the Revolution settlement.
"Additionally, Cunningham acknowledges that the true church is 'bound by the obligations of the Church of God is past times' and is still obligated to pay what it has vowed to the Lord in those magnificent attainments of the second Reformation (the epitome of these attainments being embodied in the Solemn League and Covenant and the Westminster Standards).
"If you are interested in the ordinance of covenanting this is the most extensive treatment you will find in one book. It is a gold mine of Scriptural references and should be read at least once by everyone who calls upon the name of Christ." -- SWRB

*CUNNINGHAM, WILLIAM, The Westminster Confession on the Relations Between Church and State, 1843 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Chapter eight excerpted from Discussions on Church Principles. Answers the false claims that the Westminster Divines contradicted themselves on this issue and/or that they were Erastians. Proves that changes made to the original Westminster Confession, concerning church and state issues, were in error -- clearly demonstrating why this is so." -- SWRB

*DAVIES, SAMUEL, The Divine Government the Joy of the World. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"Expands upon the reign and rule of King Jesus and the great blessings that this entails." -- SWRB
The Divine Government the Joy of the World, Samuel Davies
http://books.google.com/books?id=q2msGwAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

*De Graaf, Simon Gerrit, Promise and Deliverance, 4 volumes (Scarsdale, NY [Westminster Discount Book Service, P.O. Box 125H, Scarsdale 10583]: Westminster Discount Book Service, 1977). Translated from the Dutch by H. Evan Runner and Elisabeth Wichers Runner. A Christian classic.
"In Scripture, religion means covenant. By His Word, God called into being an order of creation culminating in man. By that Word He also gave man His favor and brought him into a life of conscious covenantal fellowship with Himself. As De Graaf himself puts it: `Without covenant, there is no religion, no conscious fellowship between man and God, no exchange of love and faithfulness. Without the covenant, man would be just an instrument in God's hand. When God created man, He had more than an instrument in mind: He made a creature that could respond to Him. . . .'
"This renewed insight into Biblical revelation is the perspective undergirding De Graaf's treatment of all Bible stories. It makes his book a unique presentation of God's revelation of Himself in the covenant and keeps his interpretations of the stories from degenerating into mere moralizing. Religion is not morality." -- H. Evan Runner
"I highly recommend this book. One of the best books available." -- R.C. Sproul
"A landmark in interpreting the simple stories of the Bible." -- Christianity Today

FISHER, EDWARD, Marrow of Modern Divinity, a limited edition (Edmonton, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), ISBN: 0585074550 9780585074559. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"A controversial and detailed book on covenant theology. Distinguishes the Covenant of Works from the Covenant of Grace, and embraces ideas of theonomic thought, and expounds the Ten Commandments as well." -- GCB

*GILLESPIE, PATRICK, The Ark of the Covenant Opened; Or, A Treatise of the Covenant of Redemption Between God and Christ, as the Foundation of the Covenant of Grace, 1677. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27 ISBN: 0921148240 9780921148241.
Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Six, CD #33. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. A Christian classic.
"John Owen, in his preface to this treatise writes, 'I do freely declare my judgement that for order, method, perspicuity in treating, and solidity of argument, the ensuing discourse exceedeth whatsoever single treatise I have seen written with the same design' (cited in Johnston, Treasury of the Scottish Covenant, p. 337). David Lachman tells us that '(i)n addition to arranging his brother's papers (published as Miscellany Questions [now found in George Gillespie's two volume Works, -- RB]), Gillespie used his materials also for the beginning of the first of a five-volume work on the covenant. Only two were published: THE ARK OF THE TESTAMENT OPENED... (1661) and THE ARK OF THE COVENANT OPENED... (1677), respectively treating the nature and kinds of covenants and the Mediator of the covenant. The third, on the condition of the covenant and the instrumentality of faith in justification, was extant in 1707, when the remaining two, respectively on the privileges and duties of the covenant, were believed lost (Analecta, I, 168-9)... Gillespie [was a -- RB] Covenanter, Principal of Glasgow University, and leading Protester' (Cameron, ed., Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology, p. 382). In this volume Gillespie proves:
1. That there is such a Covenant (of Redemption).
2. The necessity of it.
3. The nature, properties, and parties thereof.
4. The tenor, articles, subject matter of Redemption,
5. The commands, conditions, and promises annexed.
6. The harmony of the Covenant of suretiship made with Christ, and the Covenant of reconciliation made with sinners: wherein they agree, wherein they differ.
7. Grounds of comfort from the Covenant of suretiship; and, of course, much, much more!
"Owen, in his preface, (who also notes his long friendship with Gillespie), further underscores the importance of this work when he writes, 'For the Doctrine hereof, or the truth herein, is the very Center wherein all the lines concerning the Grace of God and our own duty, do meet; wherein the whole of Religion doth consist. Hence unto the understanding, Notions, and Conception, that men have of these Covenants with God, and according as the Doctrines of them is stated in their minds, their Conceptions of all other sacred Truths, or Doctrines, are conformed'." -- SWRB
Ark of the Covenant Opened: Chapter 3
http://www.truecovenanter.com/supralapsarian/pgilles_aoc_cap03.html

*Hall, David W. (editor) The Practice of Confessional Subscription
"David W. Hall is the author or editor of SAVIOR OR SERVANT? PUTTING GOVERNMENT IN ITS PLACE, THE ARROGANCE OF THE MODERN, PARADIGMS IN POLITY, ELECTION DAY SERMONS, and 10 other volumes." -- Publisher's Annotation
Table of Contents
http://capo.org/opeds/PCSTOC.html

Hay Fleming, David, The Story of the Scottish Covenants in Outline (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"A great short (96 pages of larger print), easy reading introduction to the covenants and the Covenanters. Tells the story of many of the Scottish religious bonds and the people and places that surrounded them. A good introductory study for home-schoolers or those that do not have time for the larger volumes covering this topic." -- SWRB

Hendriksen, William, The Covenant of Grace (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House), ISBN: 0801041953 9780801041952.
"Here is an easy reading explanation of the Covenant of Grace by a master theologian and commentator. Need something to give to new members? Here it is." -- GCB

*Hetherington, William H., The Independent Controversy, the Westminster Assembly and Cromwell (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Though Cromwell has been lauded by many in our day, faithful lovers of truth in his day rejected him and the attendant errors of his Independent abettors. Concerning Cromwell and company, the Act, Declaration and Testimony . . . by the Reformed Presbytery (1876 ed.) witnesses to the truth that Presbyterians, 'both refused subjection unto, and testified against the usurpation of Oliver Cromwell and his accomplices (the Independents-RB), his invading the land,' and 'his anti-christian toleration of all sectarian errors and heresies,' which were at that time 'threatening the ruin and destruction of the true religion, as well as liberty.' Cromwell's so-called 'tolerance' extended to the execution of one Presbyterian minister and the persecution of others. He played an instrumental part in scuttling the Christ honoring covenanted uniformity of the Reformed religion that was being fought for in the period covered by this book. The debates, especially between the Independents and the Presbyterians, in this eventful period, are still with us today and have changed very little, if at all. This is a good place to examine the historical context and the theological argumentation that is foundational to these two antagonistic systems.

Howell, R.B., The Covenants 10942
"Originally published in 1855, this is a book on God's covenants with nine chapters covering the covenant of works, Eden, redemption, promise in Christ to Abraham, the Law, old and new covenants, and much more." -- GCB

*Hurst, Henry, Whether Well-Composed Religious Vows Do Not Exceedingly Promote Religion (1661, reprinted 1844), (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
"A Puritan sermon on a much neglected means to spiritual victory, ecclesiastical revival and national reformation." -- SWRB

Karlberg, Mark W., Covenant Theology in Reformed Perspective

*KERR, JAMES (editor), The Covenants and the Covenanters: Covenants, Sermons, and Documents of the Covenanted Reformation, 1895? Still Waters Revival Books. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #24. ATLA 1990-2072
"The Reformed Presbytery (in 1879) has well noted the following incongruity that is still with us today, 'We heard from various quarters the cry, 'maintain the truth, stand up for the principles of the Second Reformation:' and yet many of those who are the most loud in uttering this cry, appear desirous to bury in oblivion those imperishable national and ecclesiastical deeds, by which the church and kingdom of Scotland became 'married to the Lord,' (A Short Vindication of Our Covenanted Reformation, p. 20). This book should go a long way to remedying the above noted ignorance and hypocrisy among those who now call upon the name of the Lord especially those who claim a Reformation heritage and are still open to further growth as it spells out in no uncertain terms what lay at the heart of the Second Reformation. Moreover, these covenants (landmarks of the Lord) stand as beacons to all nations of their continuing moral duty to bind themselves to Christ (First Commandment) or suffer His avenging wrath (Ps. 2). And make no mistake about it, the Lord will utterly destroy all those who quarrel with His covenant bonds, whether individuals, churches or nations the mystery of iniquity will fall! The prefatory note to this magnificent volume well describes its value: The Covenants, Sermons, and Papers in this volume carry the readers back to some of the brightest periods in Scottish history. They mark important events in that great struggle by which these three kingdoms (England, Scotland and Ireland - RB) were emancipated from the despotisms of Pope, Prince, and Prelate, and an inheritance of liberty secured for these Islands of the Sea. The whole achievements of the heroes of the battlefields are comprehended under that phrase of Reformers and Martyrs, 'The Covenanted Work of Reformation.' The attainments of those stirring times were bound together by the Covenants, as by rings of gold. The Sermons here were the product of the ripe thought of the main actors in the various scenes -- men of piety, learning, and renown. Hence, the nature, objects , and benefits of personal and national Covenanting are exhibited in a manner fitted to attract to that ordinance the minds and hearts of men. The readers can well believe the statements of Livingstone, who was present at several ceremonies of covenant-renovation: 'I never saw such motions from the Spirit of God. I have seen more than a thousand persons all at once lifting up their hands, and the tears falling down from their eyes.' In the presence of the defences of the Covenants as deeds, by these preachers, the baseless aspersions of novelists and theologians fade out into oblivion. True Christians must, as they ponder these productions, be convinced that the Covenanters were men of intepreachers, the baseless aspersions of novelists and theologians fade out into oblivion. True Christians must, as they ponder these productions, be convinced that the Covenanters were men of intense faith and seraphic fervour, and their own hearts will burn as they catch the heavenly flame. Members of the Church of Christ will be stirred to nobler efforts for the Kingdom of their Lord as they meditate on the heroism of those who were the 'chariots of Israel and the horsemen thereof;' and they will behold with wonder that 'to the woman were given two wings of And Statesman will discover how princes, parliaments, and peoples united in the hearty surrender of themselves to the Prince of the kings and kingdoms of the earth; and will be aroused to promote that policy of Christian Statesmanship which, illustrating the purpose and will of God, the Father, shall liberate Parliaments and nations from the bonds of false religions, and assert for them those liberties and honours which spring from the enthronement of the Son of man, and King of kings and Lord of lords. This volume of documents of olden times is sent out on a mission of Revival of Religion, personal and national, in the present times. It would do a noble work if it helped to humble classes and masses, and led them to return as one man to that God in covenant from Whom all have gone so far away. A national movement, in penitence and faith, for the repeal of the Acts Recissory and the recognition of the National Covenants would be as life from the dead throughout the British Empire. The people and rulers of these dominions shall yet behold the brilliancy of the Redeemer's crowns; and shall, by universal consent, exalt Him who rules in imperial majesty over the entire universe of God. For, 'The seventh angel sounded, and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the Kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ.' Here we have some of the most moving sermons ever addressed to a people and their nations, given before the most solemn of occasions national covenant renewal! Alexander Henderson, Andrew Cant, Joseph Caryl, Edmond Calamy and a host of other Puritan Covenanters (even the turncoat Independent Philip Nye) are included here in easy to read modern (1895) type. Anyone interested in seeing the royal prerogatives of King Jesus once again trumpeted throughout the nations, on a national and international scale, needs this book for these men 'were setting up landmarks by which the city of God will be known at the dawn of the millennial day' (Thomas Sproull cited in the Reformed Presbytery's Short Vindication, p. 38). 442 pages with illustrations." -- SWRB
The Covenants and the Covenanters
Project Gutenberg free etext online.
http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/19100
The Covenants and the Covenanters: Covenants, Sermons and Documents of the Covenanted Reformation. Introd. on the National Covenants
http://books.google.com/books?id=nrdKAAAAMAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

McCarthy, D.J., Treaty and Covenant, 1963

*Manton, Thomas, Covenanting With God Pressed (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Manton notes, '[r]emember the great quarrel that God hath against the Christian world and all the professors of his name is about his covenant and oath taken. What is the reason God doth visit Christendom with famines, pestilences, inundations, and wars? Because they do not stand to the oath of God that is upon them. Every professor of the name of Christ, he is supposed to be in covenant with God.' This book explains our duty to covenant with God and what that means. It also shows how the blessings and cursings of the covenant come upon individuals and nations." -- SWRB

*Manton, Thomas, David's Covenanting Our Duty Also (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), 2 audio cassettes).
"Read by Elder Lyndon Dohms. Manton was a covenanted English Presbyterian (he swore the Solemn League and Covenant). He was also chosen to write the 'Epistle to the Reader' in the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) (which speaks volumes as to his credibility among the preachers and scholars of his day). Sermons like this show us the great depth of the knowledge that was prevalent during the covenanting period, not only in Scotland, but in England also." -- SWRB

MANTON, THOMAS, Loving God by Loving His Law (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #5, ISBN: 0921148755 9780921148753. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Two, CD #10.
"Jesus said, 'If ye love me, keep my commandments' (John 14:15). John points out, 'and hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him' (1 John 2:3-4). Manton uses these themes, as a departure point, relative to Psalm 119, to show the proper relationship between law, love and loving the law -- as it relates to the greatest law lover, the Lord Jesus Christ!" -- SWRB

*Manton, Thomas, Psalm 119 (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust), ISBN: 0851515762. See THE COMPLETE WORKS OF THOMAS MANTON (Volumes 1 to 11) available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #4, ISBN: 0921148739 9780921148739.

*McComiskey, Thomas Edward, The Covenants of Promise: A Theology of the Old Testament Covenants (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House). 10943
"An assessment of Covenant Theology. One of very few book length examinations of the structural relationship of the Old Testament covenants. The author places the covenants into the categories of promissory and administrative and opens them up to the reader from this point of view." -- GCB

Mendenhall, G.E., Law and Covenant in Israel and the Ancient Near East, 1955 *Miller, Samuel, Doctrinal Integrity: The Utility and Importance of Creeds and Confessions and Adherence to Our Doctrinal Standards (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).

*M'LEOD, ALEXANDER, Lectures Upon the Principal Prophecies of the Revelation, 1814 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Puritan Bookshelf CD #32. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #12, ISBN: 0921148895 9780921148890.
"M'Leod, a Reformed Presbyterian, here defends (in 480 pages) classic historicist Reformation eschatology from the book of Revelation. David Steele, in his massive NOTES ON THE APOCALYPSE commends this work numerous times. Steele writes, 'the best works to be obtained as helps to understand the prophetic parts of scripture, will be found in the labors of those who, from age to age, have obeyed the gracious call of Christ' -- who have 'come out from mystic Babylon,' from the Romish communion, from the mother and her harlot daughters, and who have associated more or less intimately with the witnesses. Among these may be consulted with profit the works of Durham, Mason and M'Leod (p. 312) . . . The late Rev. Alexander M'Leod, D.D., who had the works of learned predecessors before him, has successfully corrected many of their misinterpretations in his valuable publication, entitled LECTURES UPON THE PRINCIPAL PROPHECIES OF THE REVELATION. At the time when he wrote that work, he possessed several advantages in aid of his own expositions. He had access to the most valuable works which had been issued before that date (1814). He was then in the vigor of youthful manhood; and he was also comparatively free from the trammels which in attempts to expound the Apocalypse, have cramped the energies of many a well disciplined mind, political partialities. At the time of these profound studies, he occupied a position 'in the wilderness,' from which as a stand point, like John in Patmos, he could most advantageously survey the passing scenes of providence with the ardor of youthful emotion, and with unsullied affection for his divine master . . . expressing my obligations to the Doctor's labors, to whose system of interpretation as well as to most of his details, I cheerfully give my approbation in preference to all other expositors whose works it has been in my power to consult (pp. 317-19) . . . Doctor M'Leod and Mr. Faber I consider among the best expositors of the prophecies on which they severally wrote . . . On material points they have shed much light where those who preceded them left the reader in darkness, or involved him in perplexing labyrinths. Faber preceded M'Leod, and the latter availed himself of all the aid furnished by the former; yet till the 'mystery of God shall be finished,' his people will be receiving accessions of light from the 'sure word of prophecy' (p. 321) . . . I can again cordially recommend to his attention the LECTURES of Doctor M'Leod, as the best exposition of those parts of the Apocalypse of which he treats, that has come under my notice' (p. 324). But Steele is not shy about pointing out that 'the principal defect pervading the LECTURES, and one which most readers will be disposed to view in an opposite light, appears to be, a charity too broad, a catholicity too expansive, to be easily reconciled with a consistent position among the mystic witnesses. Their author, however, deriving much information from the learned labors of English prelates on prophecy, could not 'find in his heart' to exclude them from a place in the honorable roll of the witnesses. I am unable to recognize any of those who are in organic fellowship with the 'eldest daughter of Popery,' as entitled to rank among those who are symbolized as 'clothed in sackcloth.' The two positions and fellowships appear to be obviously incompatible and palpably irreconcilable. It is true that there have been and still are in the English establishment divines who are strictly evangelical; but the reigning Mediator views and treats individuals, as he views and treats the moral person with which individuals freely choose to associate; and we ought to 'have the mind of Christ' (I Cor. 2:16, p. 322-23, bold emphases added throughout). Notwithstanding a few shortcomings, this is probably the best book available (at present) on the book of Revelation." -- SWRB
Lectures Upon the Principal Prophecies of the Revelation
http://www.covenanter.org/McLeod/LecturesonRevelation/lecturesupontheprincipalprophecies.htm

Morris, Edward D., Theology of the Westminster Symbols: A commentary -- historical, doctrinal and practical -- on the Confession of Faith and Catechisms and the related formularies of the Presbyterian Churches (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Published in 1900, this massive 857 page commentary has a later American flavor to it. The author 'has desired not merely to set forth the Presbyterian theology of the seventeenth century as embodied in these Symbols, but as well to indicate though only in outline the interesting evolution of that theology from the historic germ, to describe its normal growth through the succeeding ages, and to exhibit as far as practicable its remarkable effect and fruitage as seen in the belief and teachings of living Presbyterianism.' Nature and Use of Creeds (1900) The first chapter of Theology of the Westminster Symbols above. A good defense of the necessity of creeds, the importance of doctrine, the formulation of creeds, historic development, theories of subscription, etc." -- SWRB

Murray, John (1898-1975), Covenant of Grace: A Biblico-Theological Study (Philadelphia, PA: The Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., 1987). 10945

*Packer, J.I., A Quest for Godliness: The Puritan Vision of the Christian Life (Wheaton, IL: Good News Publishers [Crossway Books]), ISBN: 0891078193.
"Packer writes of that golden age of Christian theology, when giants of the faith pursued holiness in life and practice like a hound follows a scent. Those Puritans of the 17th century (a little before and a little after) had as their aim to be fully conformed to the image of God, and to be seen at home and abroad as close imitators of Christ Jesus. . . .
"There are lessons for us in their passion for effective action. They had no time for lazy or passive persons. They were men of action in the pure Reformed mold--crusading activists without a jot of self-reliance; workers for God who depended utterly on God to work in and through them. . . . There are lessons for us in their program for family stability. It is hardly too much to say that the Puritans created the Christian family in the English-speaking world. The Puritan ethic of marriage was to look not for a partner whom you do love passionately at this moment, but rather one whom you can love steadily as your best friend for life, and then to proceed with God's help to do just that. . . .
"In the introduction Packer gives his personal testimony as to how much he owes to the Puritans for his depth of knowledge, firmness of purpose, his dedication to fulfilling God's purposes in his life, and his love of the truth as revealed in the Scriptures. Because of his appreciation of this background of Puritan influence on his life, he has often written and lectured on the subject of the importance of the Puritans. Many of our freedoms and just laws can be traced to their influence on all our lives. This book contains the following themes: The Puritans in Profile; The Puritans and the Bible; The Puritans and the Gospel; the Puritans and the Holy Spirit; The Puritan Christian Life; The Puritans in Ministry. . . .
"This reviewer would love to persuade every single reader of these words to read this book. You would get a view of Christians which would inspire you, which would perhaps lead you, which would perhaps lead you to repentance, but also to heights of spirituality you would not enjoy without them. What Packer has said about their influence on his life can be repeated almost word for word in a resume of this reviewer's life. If you want to grow in grace, and in usefulness to God's cause, read the writing of the Puritans.
"We will repeat what we said in reviewing John Owen's THE DEATH OF DEATH IN THE DEATH OF CHRIST, that Packer's well balanced definition of Calvinism in the introduction to that volume is by far the best we have seen in 42 years of intensive reading. And that superb piece appears in this volume in full, which alone is worth the price of this book.
"The book jacket has these words: `Dr. Packer masterfully uncovers the hidden treasures of Puritan life and thought. With crystalline clarity he reveals the depth and breadth of Puritan spiritual life, contrasting it with the superficiality and deadness of modern Western Christianity. Drawing on a lifetime of study Dr. Packer takes the reader on a survey of the lives and teachings of great leaders such as John Owen, Richard Baxter, and Jonathan Edwards. He offers a close look at such subjects as the Puritan view of the Bible, spiritual gifts, the Sabbath, worship, social action, and the family. He concludes that a main difference between the Puritans and ourselves is spiritual maturity -- the Puritans had it; we do not. In a time of failing vision and decaying values, this powerful portrait of Puritans is a beacon of hope that calls us to radical commitment and action when both are desperately needed'." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
"Contrary to popular opinion, the Puritans were no dour lot of killjoys. In fact, Packer says, there's a lot we can learn from them about truly authentic and joyous spirituality. In this book Packer explores the Puritans' own writings on the Bible, the Gospel, the Holy Spirit, Christian life, and ministry. For each topic he beautifully demonstrates how the Puritans can help us press on toward godliness. If you're intrigued by the Puritans but don't know where to start reading them, this book will be a valuable guide!" -- CBD
"Packer is a well-known author, lecturer, and theologian. He is currently Professor of Systematic and Historical Theology at Regent College, Vancouver, B.C." -- Publisher's Annotation
J.I. Packer's Introduction to The Death of Death in the Death of Christ by John Owen
http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/packer_intro.html
The Death of Death in the Death of Christ, by John Owen
http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/packer_intro.html
The Death of Death In the Death of Christ, John Owen (1 of 33)
An audio file reading by Still Waters Revival Books from THE WORKS OF JOHN OWEN, Redemption & Reconciliation That Is In the Blood of Christ (Limited Atonement). Currently (February 2009) there are 63 readings of John Owen by SWRB and Reformed Baptist of Holland (Michigan), (Thomas Sullivan) at SermonAudio available for listening online, downloading as MP3 files, and listening on iPhone or Mobile Phones.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=47081639571

Payne, J.B., Theology of the Older Testament, 1962

Pink, Arthur W., The Divine Covenants (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1973). 10946
"In this complete and helpful book on the covenants Pink covers the following: The Everlasting Covenant, The Adamic Covenant, The Noahic Covenant, The Abrahamic Covenant, The Sinatic Covenant, The Davidic Covenant, The Messianic Covenant, and The Covenant Allegory (Galatians 4)." -- GCB

*PRICE, GREG, The Complete I John Series (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). An audio cassette series of 27 tapes, 1997-1998.
"This series is a good example of contemporary Puritan preaching, as well as a taste of the teaching of one of the leading figures in the growing movement toward a third Reformation in our day. Price maintains and promotes the biblical balance between individual and corporate (i.e. ecclesiastical and civil) sanctification, all the while exalting the Lord Jesus Christ as Prophet, Priest and King!" -- SWRB

*PRICE, GREG Covenant Theology and its Implications. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27 and #28. ISBN: 0921148240 9780921148241. Available on Puritan Bookshelf CD #16.
"An easy-to-understand introduction to the basics of covenant theology. Explains what covenant theology is, while adducing a number of practical and theological implications which must follow when this view of Scripture is adopted. Shows how covenant theology is (and was) foundational to all true Reformation. Refutes Dispensationalism. Includes overviews (with Scripture proofs) of the covenant of Redemption, the covenant of Works and the covenant of Grace. In short, Price proclaims the classic Reformed position on covenants (and the implications of covenant theology) as it has been declared in the best Reformed Confessions (e.g. The Westminster Confession of Faith [1646]) and in books like The Marrow of Modern Divinity (by Fisher and Boston), The Covenant of Life Opened (by Samuel Rutherford), The Ark of the Covenant Opened and The Ark of the Testament Opened by Patrick Gillespie and The Life of Justification Opened (by John Brown of Wamphray). This is the best single tape sermon on covenant theology that we have knowledge of." -- SWRB
Covenant Theology and Its Implications a sermon by Greg Price
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=22801202653

*PRICE, GREG, The Duty and Perpetual Obligation of Social Covenanting (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"The material found in this bound photocopy addresses a forgotten and neglected ordinance of God: social covenanting. God's people in times of repentance and thanksgiving, trial and blessing have been a covenanting people. In the most pure times of ecclesiastical and civil reformation throughout history, both church and state under the mediatorial rule of Christ have by the grace of God bound themselves together by covenant to promote and defend the true Christian religion. The first document adopted by the Westminster Assembly was in fact, the Solemn League and Covenant (1644). It united the kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland in a covenanted reformation of both church and state in order to preserve, promote and defend the true Christian religion (as summarized in the Westminster Confession of Faith [1646], Larger and Shorter Catechisms, Directory For Public Worship, and Form of Church Government), and in order to expose and uproot all false teaching contrary to the Scripture and these standards. Furthermore, it was not only the desire of the Westminster Assembly to unite in covenant the three British kingdoms, but rather to include in this covenanted reformation all of the Reformed Churches throughout Europe. Consider the goal of the Assembly as summarized by Hetherington: "There was one great, and even sublime idea, brought somewhat indefinitely before the Westminster Assembly, which has not yet been realized, the idea of a Protestant union throughout Christendom, not merely for the purpose of counterbalancing Popery, but in order to purify, strengthen, and unite all true Christian churches, so that with combined energy and zeal they might go forth, in glad compliance with the Redeemer's commands, teaching all nations, and preaching the everlasting gospel to every creature under heaven. This truly magnificent, and also truly Christian idea, seems to have originated in the mind of that distinguished man, Alexander Henderson. It was suggested by him to the Scottish commissioners, and by them partially brought before the English Parliament, requesting them to direct the Assembly to write letters to the Protestant Churches in France, Holland, Switzerland, and other Reformed Churches. . . . and along with these letters were sent copies of the Solemn League and Covenant, a document which might itself form the basis of such a Protestant union. The deep thinking divines of the Netherlands apprehended the idea, and in their answer, not only expressed their approbation of the Covenant, but also desired to join in it with the British kingdoms. Nor did they content themselves with the mere expression of approval and willingness to join. A letter was soon afterwards sent to the Assembly from the Hague, written by Duraeus (the celebrated John Dury), offering to come to the Assembly, and containing a copy of a vow which he had prepared and tendered to the distinguished Oxenstiern, chancellor of Sweden, wherein he bound himself 'to prosecute a reconciliation between Protestants in point of religion'. . . . [O]n one occasion Henderson procured a passport to go to Holland, most probably for the purpose of prosecuting this grand idea. But the intrigues of politicians, the delays caused by the conduct of the Independents, and the narrow-minded Erastianism of the English Parliament, all conspired to prevent the Assembly from entering farther into that truly glorious Christian enterprise. Days of trouble and darkness came; persecution wore out the great men of that remarkable period; pure and vital Christianity was stricken to the earth and trampled under foot. . ." (William Hetherington The History of the Westminster Assembly of Divines, [Edmonton, Alberta: Still Waters Revival Books], pp. 337-339). The material presented herein is commended to the reader with the sincere prayer and confidence that God will again restore the Church of Jesus Christ to a glorious covenanted reformation -- one that will even surpass that one to which she had attained at the time of the Westminster Assembly. However, when the Lord brings that future covenanted reformation it will not be limited to only three kingdoms of the earth, but by the grace and power of Christ our King, it will be a covenanted reformation that will encompass all of the nations of the earth (Ps. 2:6-12; Is. 2:1-4; Mt. 28:1-20) and will bring to the church a visible unity and uniformity that (unlike pleas for unity today) is firmly grounded upon the truth." (Greg Price, Preface). The material contained in this compilation was gathered together by the session of the Puritan Reformed Church of Edmonton/Prince George. Its 210 pages contain the following items, as listed in this bibliography for social covenanting.
1. Samuel Rutherford, Due Right of Presbyteries , pp. 130-139
2. George Gillespie, The Works of George Gillespie, Vol. 2, pp. 71-88.
3. John Brown of Wamphray, An Apologetic Relation , pp. 167-175, 181-207.
4. David Scott, Distinctive Principles of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, pp. 14-90.
5. William Roberts, The Reformed Presbyterian Catechism , pp. 134-152.
6. The Reformed Presbytery, An Explanation and Defence of the Terms of Communion , pp. 181-187.
7. The Reformed Presbytery, Act , Declaration and Testimony , pp. 11-23.
8. The Reformed Presbytery, The Auchensaugh Renovation , pp. 115-140.
9. The Church of Scotland (1639), The National Covenant of Scotland , pp. 345-354 in the Westminster Confession of Faith [1646] published by Free Presbyterian Publications.
10. The Westminster Assembly (1644), The Solemn League and Covenant , pp. 355-360 in the Westminster Confession of Faith [1646] published by Free Presbyterian Publications.
11. The Church of Scotland (1648), A Solemn Acknowledgement of Publick Sins and Breaches of the Covenant, pp. 361-368 in the Westminster Confession of Faith [1646] published by Free Presbyterian Publications.

*PRICE, GREG, The National Covenant of Scotland (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), 2 audio cassettes,
"This covenant has been considered (along with the Solemn League and Covenant) as one of two major historical covenants binding the moral person of the church -- since the days of the covenants of Old Testament Israel. Price gives a fascinating account of what led up to this watershed document, what is contained in it (and why) and shows why this is of great importance to the church today. If you are interested in the present testimony concerning the Lord's covenanted Zion, this is one of the best places to start. Teaching like this has not been heard in North America for some time and it marks the revival of the most consistent Calvinism that the church has attained thus far in history." -- SWRB

*PRICE, GREG, Peacemakers at War With Sin (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), 1 audio cassette)
"Focusing on Matt. 5:9, 'Blessed are the peacemakers,' Price demonstrate what this portion of Scripture means by contrasting it with what it does not mean. Using this 'Turretin-like' method of proclaiming the truth some surprising results are often mined from God's Word, and this sermon is no exception. Special attention is given to marriage and family relationships, but how this verity applies to the church and the state is also covered -- the United Nations receiving its share of scathing rebukes for the false, antichristian peace it promotes. Mere external 'peace' and 'obedience' are condemned as Price sets his sights on promoting classic Puritan experimental heart Christianity. Showing that true peace only consists in reconciliation based on God's truth, the peacemaker's Scripture refers to are often judged by the carnal and disaffected to be the greatest trouble makers -- the Lord Jesus Christ being the prime example. He hated and fought against idolatry, covenant breaking and all other violations of God's law (as the greatest peacemaker that ever lived) to such an extent that those who desired the peace of the world tortured and murdered him. Prophets and wise men since have often fared no better in seeking to set forth the only true peace. Biblical peace is not based on compromise, pragmatism or the removal of Biblical (Reformation) landmarks, it is seen in this sermon to be based on truth and faithfulness. 'Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God' (James 4:4). Heresy, the false ecumenical movement of mystery Babylon, Calvin on schism, unity and numerous other points are all addressed. 'Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid'." (John 14:27) -- SWRB

*REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, An Explanation and Defence of the Terms of Communion, Adopted by the Community of Dissenters, etc. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #2 and #19, ISBN: 0921148690 9780921148692.
"Defends the inescapable necessity of creeds and confessions, while promoting a fully creedal church membership. Shows how the law of God obliges all Christians 'to think the same things, and to speak the same things; holding fast the form of sound words, and keeping the ordinances as they have been delivered to us' (Col. 3:13). After laying some basic groundwork, this book proceeds to defend the six points of the 'Terms of Ministerial and Christian Communion Agreed Upon by the Reformed Presbytery.' These six points are the most conservative and comprehensive short statements of consistent Presbyterianism you will likely ever see. Besides the obvious acknowledgement of the alone infallible Scriptures, the Westminster Standards, and the divine right of Presbyterianism, these points also maintain the perpetual obligation of our Covenants, National and Solemn League, the Renovation of these covenants at Auchensaugh in 1712, and the Judicial Act, Declaration and Testimony emitted by the Reformed Presbytery. In short, this book sets forth adherence to the whole of the covenanted reformation, in both church and state, as it has been attained by our covenanting forefathers." -- SWRB
An Explanation and Defense of the Terms of Communion, Adopted by the Community of Dissenters, etc.
http://www.covenanter.org/RefPres/explanationanddefenceofterms.htm

*Reformed Presbyterian Church, Reformed Presbyterian Testimony, 1842 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Keddie describes this as 'a doctrinal and historical statement, explaining and expanding upon the RPC's commitment to the Westminster Standards, the National Covenant, and the Solemn League and Covenant' ( Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology, p. 699) It contains the historical part of the testimony of the Reformed Presbyterian Church in Scotland including a brief sketch of the contendings of the witnesses from the earliest period to the present time. The doctrinal section of the Church's testimony follows, covering everything from 'Divine Revelation' to 'Covenanting.' Over 400 pages." -- SWRB

Richardson, A., An Introduction to the Theology of the New Testament, 1958

*Roberts, William L. (1798-1864), The Duty of Covenanting, and the Permanent Obligation of Religious Covenants, 1853. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27 ISBN: 0921148240 9780921148241.
"Excerpted from the Reformed Presbyterian Catechism below, this book deals with an almost forgotten ordinance of God. It explains what covenants are, while contrasting them with oaths, vows and law. Furthermore, it distinguishes between civil and religious covenants and shows how the individual, family, church or nation can (and should) enter into covenants -- especially religious covenants. Explains why, when and how covenants are binding on posterity, citing abundant Scriptural proof for each assertion made. Here is a sample argument from this book, demonstrating how even covenants made between men are viewed as binding upon posterity by God himself: 'Another instance in which posterity is recognized in covenant obligation is found in Joshua 9:15. This covenant was made between the children of Israel and the Gibeonites. Between four and five hundred years after that time, the children of Israel are visited with a very severe famine, in the days of David. 2 Sam. 21:1. And it is expressly declared by the Lord that, 'It is for Saul, and for his bloody house, because he slew the Gibeonites.' And at the same time, v. 2, that very covenant is recognized, and the breach of it is stated, as being the formal reason of the divine displeasure. Now, had it not been for this covenant, the extirpation of the Gibeonites would not have been imputed to Israel as a thing criminal; for they were comprehended in Canaanitish nations, which God had commanded them to root out' (pp. 139-140). Take the time to look these verses up. This subject has great bearing on the unity of the church, the Christian's response to godless covenant-breaking nations, hermeneutics, the family and general faithfulness to God (because many today -- individually, ecclesiastically, and nationally -- are breaking covenants which God still views as binding though they are oblivious to this obligation)." -- SWRB
On the Duty of Covenanting and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants" being section 11 in the Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, 1853
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/PresCatCov.htm
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html

*ROBERTS, WILLIAM L. (1798-1864), The Duty of Nations, in Their National Capacity, to Acknowledge and Support the True Religion, 1853 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25, ISBN: 0921148208 9780921148203.
"Excerpted from THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM below, this book deals with the inescapable necessity, of the demand found in the Word of God, for the Civil establishment of Christ as King and Lawgiver over every nation on earth. If you are sick of the cease-fire with humanism, set forth by the syncretistic, Satanic and pragmatic pagan politicians of our day (those who bargain with votaries of Antichrist [the Pope], publicly tolerate all manner of false religions (e.g. Islam) and idolatry, and compose their policy and draw their pretended authority from the beast [and not the Word of God], this book is for you! For all pagan politics is summed up in the words of the Cameronian (Covenanter) political philosopher Alexander Shields, as 'rotting away under the destructive distempers of detestable neutrality, loathsome lukewarmness, declining, and decaying in corruptions, defections, divisions, distractions, confusions; and so judicially infatuated with darkness and delusions, that they forget and forego the necessary testimony of the day' (A Hind let Loose, 1797 edition, p. 20). Pick up this book and begin the political walk in the 'footsteps of the flock,' traveling the covenanting road of Reformation and Scripture (with the magisterial Reformers of the past)!" -- SWRB
On the Duty of Covenanting and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants, being section 11 in the Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, 1853, by William L. Roberts
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/PresCatCov.htm
A Hind Let Loose; Or An Historical Representation OF THE TESTIMONIES OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND. . . . by Mr. ALEXANDER SHIELDS, Minister of the Gospel, in St. Andrews. , EEBO.
http://www.covenanter.org/AShields/Hind/Hindletloosetitle.htm
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html

*ROBERTS, WILLIAM L. (1798-1864), The Reformed Presbyterian Catechism (New York, NY: R. Craighead, 1853), ISBN: 0524065543 9780524065549. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. ATLA 1991-2638.
A magnificent catechism that sets forth the Crown Rights of The King of Glory and Lord of Lords. It also presents incontrovertible evidence that the United States Constitution is not a Christian document, and that it is, in fact, a slavery document.
See also: THE SCOTTISH COVENANTING STRUGGLE, ALEXANDER CRAIGHEAD, AND THE MECKLENBURG DECLARATION, SECRET PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, CONSPIRACY IN PHILADELPHIA: THE ORIGINS OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION, and A THEOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF AMERICAN HISTORY.
"A manual of instruction, drawing from such notable authors as William Symington and J.R. Willson, presenting 'arguments and facts confirming and illustrating the 'Distinctive Principles' of the Reformed Presbyterian Church. Chapters deal with: 'Christ's Mediatorial Dominion in general;' Christ's exclusive Headship over the Church;' 'The Supreme and Ultimate Authority of the Word of God in the Church;' Civil Government, the Moral Ordinance of God;' Christ's Headship over the Nations;' 'The Subjection of the Nations to God and to Christ;' The Word, or Revealed Will of God, the Supreme Law in the State;' 'The Duty of Nations, in their National Capacity, to acknowledge and support the True Religion:' 'The Spiritual Independence of the Church of Christ:' 'The Right and Duty of Dissent from an immoral Constitution of Civil Government;' 'The Duty of Covenanting, and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants;' 'The Application of these Principles to the Governments, where Reformed Presbyterians reside, in the form of a Practical Testimony;' and finally 'Application of the Testimony to the British Empire.' A most important book, as we approach (possibly) the end of the great apostasy and will be in need of preparing for the dawning of the glorious millennial blessings to come; the days prophesied in which the church 'shalt also suck the milk of the Gentiles, and shalt suck the breast of kings' (Isa. 60:16)." -- SWRB
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html

*Roper, David H., The New Covenant in the Old Testament (Dallas, TX: Word Publishing, 1976). 10938
"An informative and instructive study showing how the New Covenant relationship was anticipated and `mirrored' in the Old Testament, and how in the Gospels, in the writings of Paul, and in the epistle to the Hebrews we have an explanation of the way in which believers in Christ may benefit from its soteriological blessings." -- Cyril J. Barber

Rushdoony, Rousas John, Systematic Theology, 2 volumes (Vallecito, CA: Ross House Books)
"Theology belongs in the pulpit, the school, the workplace, the family, and everywhere. Society as a whole is weakened when theology is neglected. Without a systematic application of theology, too often people approach the Bible with a smorgasbord mentality, picking and choosing that which pleases them. Then, in the name of Christianity, we have interpretations of the meaning of God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit which are alien to Scripture." -- Publisher's Annotation

*Rutherford, Samuel, A Testimony to the Covenanted Work of Reformation Between 1638-1649 in Britain and Ireland (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
"This is Rutherford's dying testimony. It sets forth what he thought most important to communicate in his last earthly words. Rutherford was one of the Scottish commissioners to the Westminster Assembly and has been acknowledged by many Reformed theologians since his time as a theological genius of the first order. Walker said of Rutherford, 'It is not easy to find any one in Church history with whom to compare this remarkable man . . . a man of power, I may say of genius, fresh, bold, penetrating, to whom no subject came amiss, teeming with intellectual energy, distinguished for his learning, but never cumbered by it, the greatest scholastic of our Presbyterian Church, and yet we are told, the plain and faithful preacher, the fieriest of Church leaders and the most devout of saints, equally at home among the tomes of Aquinas, and writing letters to a poor congregation. Altogether a sort of intellectual, theological, religious prodigy!' (THEOLOGY AND THEOLOGIANS OF SCOTLAND 1560-1750, p. 13). Men graced with Rutherford's abilities, intellect and faith come but once or twice a millennium. Augustine, Calvin and Gillespie are others of this class. If you want to know what one of the greats of church history was thinking just before he went to be with the Lord, pick up this item." -- SWRB Mr Rutherford's Testimony to the Covenanted Work of Reformation (From 1638 to 1649,) in Britain and Ireland
http://covenanter.org/Rutherfurd/rutherfurdtestimony.htm

*RUTHERFORD, SAMUEL, Christ Dying, and Drawing Sinners to Himself, 1647 (1727 edition). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #9, 21, ISBN: 0921148836 9780921148838.
"The title continues (providing a nice summary for this rare valuable work): 'Or, A Survey of our Saviour in His Soul-Suffering, His Loveliness in his Death, and the Efficacy thereof. In Which Some Cases of Soul-trouble in weak Believers, Grounds of Submission under the Absence of Christ, with the Flowings and Heightenings of free Grace, are opened. Delivered in Sermons on the Gospel according to John, Chap. xii. ver. 27,28,29,30,31,32, 33. Where are also interjected some necessary Digressions, for the Times, touching divers Errors of Antinomians; and a short Vindication of the Doctrine of Protestants, from the Arminian pretended Universality of Christ's Dying for All and every One of Mankind; the moral and feigned Way of irresistable Conversion of Sinners; and what Faith is required of all within the visible Church, for the Want whereof, many are condemned.' The DICTIONARY OF SCOTTISH CHURCH HISTORY AND THEOLOGY says of this work, 'Rutherford's writings during the London years provide a significant commentary of the theology of the Westminster Confession (1646) and Catechisms. In Christ Dying and Drawing Sinners to Himself Rutherford elaborately scrutinizes the Antinomian notion that the law has no obligation for the Christian' (p. 736). This book contains an extensive index, is 760 pages in length and is an excellent example of sound and faithful Covenanter preaching, balancing both faith (doctrine) and manners (practice). Classic Rutherford!" -- SWRB

*Rutherford, Samuel, The Covenant of Life Opened; or, A Treatise of the Covenant of Grace, Containing Something of the Nature of the Covenant of Works, the Sovereignty of God, the Extent of the Death of CHRIST, the Nature and Properties of the Covenant of Grace: And Especially of the Covenant of Suretyship or Redemption Between the LORD and the SON JESUS CHRIST, and the Seal of Baptism: With Some Practical Questions and Observations (1655) (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books.) A Christian classic. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #9, ISBN: 0921148836 9780921148838. Also available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Two, CD #7.
"A exceedingly rare Covenanter classic! These are deep waters and this title is recommended for those who have already developed some fair strength in swimming the strong theological currents of the second Reformation. Containing some of Rutherford's most mature thought, this book was published six years before Rutherford passed on to glory." -- SWRB

*Scott, David, Distinctive Principles of the Reformed Presbyterian Church (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1841).
"This book is not designed to discuss 'the (many -- RB) doctrines which the Reformed Presbyterian church holds in common will others,' but is written to set forth RP distinctives. It tackles its subject from three major heads: 'Social Covenanting;' 'The Dominion of Christ;' and 'The Universal Application of Scripture (civil as well as religious).' It shows that while these doctrines 'are held by many, as abstract doctrines of divine truth, they are not embodied in the testimony of any other Christian denomination: nor made necessary to ministerial or Christian fellowship. Although other individuals may hold these doctrine, it is a "distinctive" feature of the RPC to embody them in her testimony; and to make them terms of communion.' It also explains how these are the same distinctives that were maintained 'at the era of the reformation (when) the covenanted church of Scotland bore a distinguished testimony for all the offices of Christ, as prophet, priest and king: and for the pure doctrines, worship, discipline, and government of the house of God.' The author states that 'the great object aimed at is to help forward the glorious triumph of the Messiah, so beautifully described in the 72nd Psalm. When "all Kings shall fall down before him; and all nations shall serve him"." -- SWRB

*SIBBES, RICHARD, The Faithful Covenanter, 1639 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #29, ISBN: 0921148283 9780921148289. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD One, CD #2. EEBO.
"An amazing sermon opening the narrow road of faithful covenanting -- as seen first and foremost in the Lord Jesus Christ, our perfect covenant keeper! Expounds on the four periods of time relating to the renewing of the covenant of grace in history. Shows that 'whatsoever we give the supremacy of the inward man to, whatsoever we love most, whatsoever we trust most, whatsoever we fear most, whatsoever we joy and delight in most, whatsoever we obey most -- that is our God.' Applies this to the first commandment, as a part of the law of the covenant, and works out the implications (which involve numerous areas). Goes on to give Scriptural marks whereby covenant keepers can be distinguished from covenant breakers and connects the everlasting covenant with the sacraments and their meaning. A meaty meal, recommended for those who are willing to advance theologically and practically." -- SWRB

Simpson, Robert, Traditions of the Covenanters (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
"The design of this collection is to preserve the memory of good men in the inferior ranks of society, whose worth and whose sufferings have not hitherto been recorded. Their names, though those of plain unlettered men, do not deserve to perish; and their posterity may, by contemplating the virtues of their ancestors, be stimulated to emulate their godliness. 504 pages." -- SWRB

*Singer, C. Gregg, See: "John Knox, the Scottish Covenanters, and the Westminster Assembly" (tape 3 of 5 in a series of addresses "History Notes on Presbyterianism, Reformation, and Theology") by Dr. C. Gregg Singer on SermonAudion.com
"Great historical teaching, Singer at his best!" -- SWRB
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12607114250
Works of C. Gregg Singer
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr3ch.html#cgsinger
"A Theological Interpretation of American History"
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9chc.html#stiahis

Knox, the Covenanters, and the Westminster Assembly (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).

Smith, B.M., Family Religion, or the Domestic Relations as Regulated by Christian Principles, 1859 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #24. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #22, ISBN: 0921148143 9780921148142.
"Smith's family was greatly influenced by Samuel Davies. Smith himself was a friend of R.L. Dabney. As the editor notes, the importance of this book is seen in the fact that `[r]eform of the family would soon diffuse itself throughout the whole constitution of society, a higher tone of morals would be inspired, and not only would the moral influence of the church be enlarged, but the stability and security of the state would be perpetuated.' Or as the DIRECTORY FOR FAMILY WORSHIP, appended to the Westminster Confession, so wisely points out, `[b]esides the public worship in congregations, mercifully established in this land in great purity, it is expedient and necessary that secret worship of each person alone, and private worship of families, be pressed and set up; that, with national reformation, the profession and power of godliness, both personal and domestic, be advanced.' This was a prize winning essay, covering, in depth, the family and its duties." -- SWRB

*Sproull, Thomas (1803-1892), The Duty of Social Covenanting Illustrated and Enforced (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
The Duty of Social Covenanting Illustrated and Enforced, Thomas Sproull
http://www.covenanter.org/TSproull/dutyofsocialcovenanting.htm

*Sproull, Thomas, The Reformed Presbytery's Short Vindication
See Reformed Presbytery, A Short Vindication of our Covenanted Reformation, 1879.
A Short Vindication of our Covenanted Reformation, Reformed Presbytery
http://www.covenanter.org/RPCCov/shortvindication.htm

Stagg, E., New Testament Theology, 1962

STEELE, DAVID (1803-1887, editor), Reformed Presbytery of North America, The Contending Witness, The Reformation Advocate and The Original Covenanter magazines. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18, ISBN: 0921148933 9780921148937. Available [THE BEST OF THE ORIGINAL COVENANTER AND CONTENDING WITNESS MAGAZINE] on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"The following list of magazines, edited by David Steele, comprise what is likely the best compilation of Christian periodicals ever amassed under one set of bindings. Nothing we know of (before or since), authored as magazine articles related to full-orbed nation shaking biblical Reformation, even comes close to the consistent quality of writing found in these short works on various subjects. Steele himself should probably be considered the best theologian of the nineteenth century, and the other contributors to these magazines were all approaching the same class. A healthy portion of Steele's writing is found in these magazines, as he only wrote a few other books, so the reading is encouraged to sample for himself some of the best writing (defending the Covenanted Reformation) you will find anywhere!" -- SWRB

The Contending Witness magazine, Vol. 1:1-2:6, Apr. 1841 to Feb. 1843 (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).

The Reformation Advocate magazine, Vol. 1:1-1:12, March 1874 to Dec. 1876(Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).

The Origianal Covenanter magazine, Vol. 2:1-2:16, July 1877 to Dec. 1880 (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).

The Origianal Covenanter magazine, Vol. 3:1-3:16, March 1881 to Dec. 1884 (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).

*STEELE, DAVID, 1803-1887, Notes on the Apocalypse (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1870) and (Edmonton, Alberta: Landmark Project Press, 2006), ISBN: 0978098706 9780978098704. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #14, ISBN: 0921148925 9780921148920. Availabe online at Gutenberg Project. Found on Puritan Bookshelf 32 CD Set, #32.
"In 1779, in their TESTIMONY AND WARNING AGAINST THE BLASPHEMIES AND IDOLATRY OF POPERY, the Reformed Presbytery called Durham's COMPLETE COMMENTARY . . . ON THE BOOK OF REVELATION 'the best exposition of that book that has yet been published' (p. 61n). Had they had the privilege of reading Steele's NOTES ON THE APOCALYPSE we are quite certain that they would have given it a similar endorsement. Though written in a different style than Durham's work, Steele's NOTES on Revelation may be even more valuable in many respects, Steele having taken a more decided position 'in the wilderness.' Steele also had the benefit of many more resources, having written over two centuries later. Steele's aim in writing this book is made clear in his own words taken from the preface,
As this work is intended for the instruction and edification of the unlearned, rather than for the entertainment of the learned, words of foreign extract are used as seldom as possible. Practical remarks and reflections are rarely introduced; the principal aim being simply to ascertain and present to the reader the mind of the Holy Spirit. How far this object has been accomplished, is of course left to the judgment of the honest inquirer. The reader, however, in forming his judgment of the value of these NOTES, may be reminded of that inspired rule in searching the Scriptures, 'Comparing spiritual things with spiritual.' To assist him in the application of this divine rule, many chapters and verses are quoted from other parts of the Bible, but especially within the Apocalypse itself; that by concentrating the various rays upon particular texts or symbols, their intrinsic light may be rendered more luminous. Thus the interpretation given, if correct, may be confirmed and illustrated.
"Appendices include a section on, The New Jerusalem, The Antichrist, The Image of the Beast, The Beast's 'deadly wound,' The Little Book, The Death of the Witnesses, The Mark of the Beast, The First Resurrection, The Identity of the Two Witnesses, Sounding of the Seventh Trumpet and The Title of this Book (i.e. the Book of Revelation--RB). This work also includes various 'animadversions on the interpretations (of Revelation--RB) of several among the most learned and approved expositors of Britain and America'."
"Comments on this work include the four given below, all which were given without the solicitation or knowledge of the author. The Evangelical Repository notes,
the author adduces a greater number of Scriptural illustrations than any other writer on prophecy we ever met with.
Hutcheson writes,
I can recommend it to any person as condensing the best thoughts to be had on the subject.
Brooks says,
I have derived more knowledge of the Apocalypse from this work than from all other expositions which I have consulted.
And finally, John Cunningham comments,
It is neither a dictionary nor concordance; neither a confession of faith, nor an encyclopedia, but a thesaurus of Theology, embodying the characters of all these.
"Steele dedicated this work to John Cunningham, author of The Ordinance of Covenanting." -- SWRB

Serials:

The Contending Witness magazine, Vol. 1:1-2:6, Apr. 1841 to Feb. 1843 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).

The Reformation Advocate magazine, Vol. 1:1-1:12, March 1874 to Dec. 1876 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).

The Origianal Covenanter magazine, Vol. 2:1-2:16, July 1877 to Dec. 1880 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).

The Origianal Covenanter magazine, Vol. 3:1-3:16, March 1881 to Dec. 1884 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).

*Stevenson, David, The Origins of Freemasonry: Scotland's Century, 1590-1710
"This book traces the early development of modern thought in pre-Union Scotland. It shows clearly that John Napier (1550-1617), the Scots laird and mathematician who invented logarithms and introduced the decimal point in writing numbers, was not a solitary light in the Scotland of wild savages so often portrayed in English historical works. Rather, he was part of a much more broadly based movement of Scots intellectual progress that also included the invention of Freemasonry." -- Reader Comment

Steele, David, and Curtis Thomas, The Five Points of Calvinism (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), ISBN: 0875524443 9780875524443.
"Defines, defends, and documents the five points of Calvinism. A good introduction to Reformed Theology; excellent for study groups or personal use. Well indexed, easy to use, with much information leading to other books concerning the five points and other area of Calvinistic thought." -- SWRB

*Smellie, Alexander, Men of the Covenant: The story of the Scottish Church in the years of the Persecution (London, England: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1960). 10938A
"Recounts the events in seventeenth century Scotland in which men and women, bound by `covenant' to Christ, laid down their lives for His cause. Recaptures the intensity, zeal, heroism, and faith of these martyrs, as well as the craftiness and cruelty of their persecutors. First published in 1903." -- Cyril J. Barber
Men of the Covenant (10th edition fascimile of 7th edition), ATLA 1990-5101

*Stalker, James, John Knox: His Ideas and Ideals (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
"Published the year before the Quatercentenary 'of the birth of the greatest of Scotsmen,' as Stalker calls Knox, this is an easy-reading look at this great Reformer. Expressing great gratitude for David Laing's 'immortal labours' in editing Knox's Works, and humbly directing the reader to these six volumes 'if he desires to see Knox face to face,' Stalker summarizes his intent, stating, 'I do not pretend to have given a complete collection of Knox's good things; but at least I have creamed them and furnished enough to familiarize the reader not only with his ideas but with the remarkable phraseology in which these were expressed; and my hope is that the following pages may help to make it true that he, being dead, yet speaketh.' For the bibliophiles this item contains a nice chapter summarizing Knox's books and letters." -- SWRB

*STEELE, DAVID (1803-1887, editor), Reformed Presbytery of North America, The Contending Witness, The Reformation Advocate and The Original Covenanter magazines. Available [THE BEST OF THE ORIGINAL COVENANTER AND CONTENDING WITNESS MAGAZINE] on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18, ISBN: 0921148933 9780921148937.
"The following list of magazines, edited by David Steele, comprise what is likely the best compilation of Christian periodicals ever amassed under one set of bindings. Nothing we know of (before or since), authored as magazine articles related to full-orbed nation shaking biblical Reformation, even comes close to the consistent quality of writing found in these short works on various subjects. Steele himself should probably be considered the best theologian of the nineteenth century, and the other contributors to these magazines were all approaching the same class. A healthy portion of Steele's writing is found in these magazines, as he only wrote a few other books, so the reading is encouraged to sample for himself some of the best writing (defending the Covenanted Reformation) you will find anywhere!" -- SWRB

The Contending Witness magazine, Vol. 1:1-2:6, Apr. 1841 to Feb. 1843 (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
The Reformation Advocate magazine, Vol. 1:1-1:12, March 1874 to Dec. 1876(Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
The Origianal Covenanter magazine, Vol. 2:1-2:16, July 1877 to Dec. 1880 (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
The Origianal Covenanter magazine, Vol. 3:1-3:16, March 1881 to Dec. 1884 (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).

*SYMINGTON, WILLIAM (1795-1862), Nature and Obligation of Public Vows; With an Explanation and Defense of the British Covenants, 1841, (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27, ISBN: 0921148240 9780921148241.
"More from the author of the classic MESSIAH THE PRINCE OR, THE MEDIATORIAL DOMINION OF JESUS CHRIST. A lecture excerpted from the book Lectures on the Principles of the Second Reformation, edited by Andrew Symington." -- SWRB
Lectures on the Principles of the Second Reformation
http://www.covenanter.org/RPScotland/Principles/lecturesonthesecondreformation.htm
The Nature and Obligation of Public Vows: With an Explanation and Defence of the British Covenants
http://books.google.com/books?id=AtL7HAAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

*Thomson, James Pringle, Alexander Henderson the Covenanter (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"The period which followed the Union of the Crowns of Scotland and England contains the opening of that contest between Presbytery and Episcopacy, which occupies so much of our history, and some of its most interesting episodes took place between 1618-1646, the years which comprise the active public life of him who is the subject of the following pages. For this reason the life and career of Alexander Henderson must always possess the greatest interest to any student of Scottish history . . . The virtues of the great are apt to be overestimated after they are dead and gone, but there is not one word of exaggeration in the eulogy which Baillie delivered to the General Assembly in 1647, . . . 'That glorious soul of blessed memory, who now is crowned with the reward of all his labours for God and for us, I wish his remembrance may be fragrant among us, so long as free and pure Assemblies remain in this land, which we hope shall be to the coming of the Lord. You know he spent his strength, and wore out his days, he breathed out his life in the service of God and of his Church. This binds it on our back, as we would not prove ungrateful, to pay him his due. If the thoughts of others be conformed to my inmost sense, in duty and reason, he ought to be accounted by us and posterity the fairest ornament, after John Knox, of incomparable memory, that we the Church of Scotland did enjoy' (pp. 5, 158). Henderson had a major hand in the writing of and international subscription to the Solemn League and Covenant. He was also one of the Scottish commissioners to the Westminster Assembly." -- SWRB

Timorcus, Theophilus, Gataker, Thomas, 1574-1654, Vines, Richard, 1600?-1656, and Baxter, Richard, 1615-1691, The Covenanters plea against absolvers. Or, A modest discourse, shewing why those who in England & Scotland took the Solemn League and Covenant, cannot judge their consciences discharged from the obligation of it, by any thing heretofore said by the Oxford men; or lately by Dr Featly, Dr. Gauden, or any others. In which also several cases relating to promisory oathes, and to the said Covenant in special, are spoken to, and determined by Scripture, reason, and the joynt suffrages of casuists. Contrary to the indigested notions of some late writers; yet much to the sense of the Reverend Dr. Sanderson. Written by Theophilus Timorcus a well-wisher to students in casuistical divinity, 1660, EEBO.
"Notes: Attributed to Richard Baxter, Thomas Gataker, and Richard Vines by John Brown in his "An apologeticall relation of the particular sufferings of the faithfull ministers & professours of the Church of Scotland, since August, 1660."

Todd, A.B., Covenanting Pilgrimages and Studies (1911), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"This title was written after the two volumes, The Homes, Haunts, and Battlefields of the Covenanters. It represents the author's continuing studies and contains some new information regarding incidents and people noted in the earlier volumes. This is especially true concerning the portrayal of Alexander Peden. Others covered include Renwick, Cargill, Sharp, the Howies, and many more. The story regarding Samuel Rutherford's 'two witnesses' is classic Scottish lore. Official acts (e.g. the proceedings surrounding the signing of Covenants), martyrdoms, Declarations, battles, etc., are all covered." -- SWRB

TODD, A.B., The Homes, Haunts, and Battlefields of the Covenanters (vol. 1), 1888

TODD, A.B., The Homes, Haunts, and Battlefields of the Covenanters (Vol. 2), 1894

*WESTMINSTER ASSEMBLY (1643-1652), The Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) (Glasgow, Scotland [Free Presbyterian Publications, 133 Woodlands Road, Glasgow G3 6LE]: Free Presbyterian Publication, 1994). ISBN: 0902506080 (casebound) and ISBN: 0902506358 (paperback). Available from Crown and Covenant Publications. Also, available from Still Waters Revival Books). A Christian classic.
" 'The product of Puritan conflict,' stated Shedd, reaching 'a perfection of statement never elsewhere achieved.' All that learning the most profound and extensive, intellect the most acute and searching, and piety the most sincere and earnest, could accomplish, was thus concentrated in the Westminster Assembly's Confession of Faith, which may be safely termed the most perfect statement of Systematic Theology ever framed by the Christian Church,' writes Hetherington (The History of the Westminster Assembly of Divines), p. 345. Concerning the Shorter Catechism, which is one of the items also included in this book, Mitchell notes: 'it is a thoroughly Calvinistic and Puritan catechism, the ripest fruit of the Assembly's thought and experience, maturing and finally fixing the definitions of theological terms to which Puritanism for half a century had been leading up and gradually coming closer and closer to in its legion of catechisms' (Westminster Assembly: Its History and Standards, p. 431). THE WESTMINSTER CONFESSION OF FAITH (1646) is the greatest of all the creeds of the Christian church. The church of Christ cannot be creedless and live. Especially in an age of doubt and confusion, it is her duty to define and proclaim the one true faith. Nowhere has the Reformed church done this so effectively as in the WESTMINSTER CONFESSION [1646] and family of documents. This book represents Reformed thinking at its purest and best. It was intended, as part of the Covenanted Reformation taking place during its compilation, to be adopted as the binding confessional standard for every individual, family, court, church, and legislature in the British Isles." -- SWRB
This is considered to be the definitive publication of the Westminster family of documents. It includes the following:

  1. To the Christian Reader, Especially Heads of Families, Mr. Thomas Manton's Epistle to the Reader,
  2. The Confession of Faith (1646), the full and original edition with Scripture proofs written out,
  3. The Larger Catechism with Scripture proofs written out,
  4. The Shorter Catechism with Scripture proofs written out,
  5. The Sum of Saving Knowledge,
  6. The National Covenant,
  7. The Solemn League and Covenant,
  8. A Solemn Acknowledgement of Publick Sins and Breaches of the Covenant; and a Solemn Engagement to all the Duties Contained Therein is available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678,
  9. The Directory for the Public Worship of God,
  10. The Form of Presbyterial Church Government, and
  11. The Directory for Family Worship.
THE WESTMINSTER CONFESSION OF FAITH (1646) is said to be the finest summary of THE HOLY BIBLE available. It is recommended for daily devotions. Among the ten greatest works in the English language.
The Significance of The Westminster Standards as a Creed
http://www.fpcr.org/blue_banner_articles/signific.htm
Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) With Scripture Proofs
http://www.reformed.org/documents/wcf_with_proofs/
Scripture Index to the Westminster Standards (The complete Scripture index to the Westminster Confession (1646), Larger and Shorter Catechisms.) Available on Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications [and] Protestant Heritage Press Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/index01.htm
THE WESTMINSTER CONFESSION OF FAITH (1646) with all its subordinate documents in searchable format is available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678.
Westminster Assembly and Related Documents
http://www.covenanter.org/Westminster/westminsterhome.htm
For commentaries on THE WESTMINSTER OF FAITH (1646) see the following topical listing:
"The Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) (The Westminster Standards) and Related Works"
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9cha.html#wcf
Bordwine, James, A Guide to the Westminster Standards: Confession of Faith and Larger Catechism (Unicoi, TN: (The Trinity Foundation, 1996). ISBN: 0940931303 9780940931305.
Includes a unique, 100-page topical index to both the Confession and the Catechism.
Westminster Divines, The Shorter Catechism With Scripture Proofs (Carlisle, PA [P.O. Box 621, Carlisle 17013, USA]: The Banner of Truth Trust). ISBN: 0851512658.
Arguably the greatest tract ever created, all factors considered.
http://www.reformed.org/documents/WSC_frames.html
Westminster Shorter Catechism Project
"Click on any of the individual questions below to get the answer and Biblical references, as well as links to works by John Flavel, Thomas Watson, Thomas Boston, James Fisher, and John Whitecross, and others."
http://www.shortercatechism.com/
Westminster Larger Catechism With Proof Texts
http://www.reformed.org/documents/wlc_w_proofs/WLC_frames.html
"The Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) (The Westminster Standards) and Related Works: A Study Guide"
http://www.lettermen2.com/suggest.html
Heresies Defined and the Necessity of Heresies Explained, by George Gillespie, Scottish Commissioner to the Assembly of Divines at Westminster
http://www.truecovenanter.com/gillespie/ggilles09.html

*WITSIUS, HERMAN (1636-1708), The Economy of the Covenants. Alternate title: THE OECONOMY OF THE COVENANTS BETWEEN GOD AND MAN, COMPREHENDING A COMPLETE BODY OF DIVINITY. BY HERMAN WITSIUS, ... FAITHFULLY TRANSLATED FROM THE LATIN, AND CAREFULLY REVISED, BY WILLIAM CROOKSHANK, D.D. TO WHICH IS PREFIXED THE LIFE OF THE AUTHOR. ... VOL. 1. DUBLIN, 1774. 3 VOLS. (Phillipsburg, NJ: Presbyterian Reformed Publishing Co.) ISBN: 0875528708. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27 ISBN: 0921148240 9780921148241. A Christian classic.
Witsius is considered to be the father of Covenant Theology.
"Witsius (1636-1708) was a Dutch theologian, professor of Divinity at the Universities of Frankes, Utrecht, and Leyden. . . . In the very full introduction by J.I. Packer, you can get a very good overview. And at the same time you will get a succinct but amazingly appropriate overview of the scriptural covenants. . . . Packer compares Witsius to John Owen as a thorough, meticulous scholar who thought through everything before he set his pen to paper. It was this reviewer's blessing to obtain a set of Witsius in his early Christian life, and can testify to much help from them." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
Witsius, Herman, Of Election From Economy of the Covenants Between God and Man
http://www.truecovenanter.com/gospel/witsius_election.html
Witsius, Herman, Of the Violation of the Covenant of Works on the Part of Man from Economy of the Covenants Between God and Man
http://www.truecovenanter.com/gospel/witsius_violation_of_the_Covenant_of_Works.html
Witsius, Herman, Of Justification, From Economy of the Covenants Between God and Man
http://www.truecovenanter.com/gospel/witsius_justification.html
The Economy of the Covenants Between God and Man: Comprehending a Complete Body of Divinity ...
http://books.google.com/books?id=FJ8PAAAAIAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

WALKER, PATRICK, Six Saints of the Covenant, 2 volumes (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1901).
"Covers the lives of Peden, Semple, Welwood, Cameron, Cargill and Smith. These two volumes are edited with illustrative documents, introduction, notes, and a glossary by David Hay Fleming. Walker's advantage in writing of these men, as Hay Fleming points out, can be seen in `that he lived in the times of which he wrote, that he personally knew many of the Covenanters and martyrs of whom he wrote, and that he was himself a shrewd observer and was endowed with a tenacious memory.' Walker himself had endured imprisonment and torture for the Covenanted cause of Christ and Burton writes that his `unadorned descriptions of suffering and heroism convey a lesson to the heart which no genius or learning could strengthen.' 629 pages, indexed." -- SWRB

Waltke, B., Theonomy and Covenental/Dispensational Theology [30454]

Weiss, B., Biblical Theology of the New Testament, 1883

Witherspoon, Thomas D., Children of the Covenant (Richmond, VA: Presbyterian Committee on Publications, 1873). 10952

Wylie, James A., Protestantism in Scotland (1878), Book 24 (illustrated), from Wylie's THE HISTORY OF PROTESTANTISM (Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1997).
"For the period covered by this book, Scotland went from a nation of uncivilized barbarians to national covenants with Christ, and then through many ups and downs as various factions tried to destroy true Christianity. From darkness to Hamilton, Wishart, Knox, and Melville, through to the Covenanters, the Westminster Assembly and the tragic deception used by Charles II, Wylie's racy style makes it hard to put this book down. Few other nations and periods of history provide such edifying reading. Highlights include Knox's call to the ministry, his interview with Queen Mary, his trial for treason, Melville's work, the National and Solemn League and Covenant, the civil war, the Westminster Assembly, and more." -- SWRB

Wylie, James A., Story of the Covenant and the Service of the Covenanters to the Reformation in Christendom and the Liberties of Great Britain, 1880 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books
"A fine historical introduction to the battle for Godly government and liberty against the forces of anti-Christian bondage (to national sin and Satanic deception). The Covenanters are responsible, more than any other group historically, for maintaining 'the crown rights of King Jesus' -- even at peril of severe torture and the loss of their earthly lives. Their covenanting principles are still the purest and most faithful form of Christianity known to man, and the revival of these eminently Biblical views are a sure hope for the future! For a more extensive 'Camerionian' treatment of this subject: Howie's Scots Worthies." -- SWRB

*WYLIE, SAMUEL B., (1773-1852), The Two Sons of Oil; or, the Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis (1850 edition, reprinted 1995), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #13, #26 ISBN: 0921148917 9780921148913. A Christian classic.
"A Covenanter classic opening Revelation 11:3-4 and Zechariah 4:14. It has been hailed as the 'best presentation of the position of the Covenanter Church that has been written.' Noting that the '[t]ime has been, when the whole body of Presbyterians, in Scotland, England, and Ireland, unanimously subscribed' to these principles, '[f]or civil and ecclesiastical reformation' and that thousands bled and died for the glorious covenanted cause of civil and ecclesiastical reformation; Wylie sets out to explain and defend 'that cause. Not because it is an ancient cause; not because many have sealed it with their blood; but, because,' as he says, 'I thought it the doctrine of the Bible, and the cause of Christ.' This book explains how to tell if a government (especially a civil government) is faithful to Christ and thus to be obeyed for conscience's sake. It also gives direction regarding when and how to resist (and disassociate) yourself from governments which get their power from 'the beast.' Moreover, this book gives clear testimony as to what the Bible requires of civil magistrates, noting 'that civil rulers should exercise their power in protecting and defending the religion of Jesus.' It also gives plain reasons why dissent from the government of the United States (and other covenant breaking nations) is the legitimate Scriptural pattern." -- SWRB
The Two Sons of Oil; or, the Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis, Samuel B. Wylie
http://www.covenanter.org/Wylie/twosonsofoil.htm
The Two Sons of Oil; Or, The Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis
http://books.google.com/books?id=nMO1JQAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

Young, E.J., The Study of Old Testament Theology Today, 1958 See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), Justice, the theology of judgment, god's final judgment, the great white throne judgment, the day of the lord, The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, Church and state, God's deliverance of nations, Covenant theology and the ordinance of covenanting, The covenant of redemption, The covenant faithfulness of god, Sexual relationship, Oaths, ensnaring (vows, promises, covenants) and bonds with the ungodly, Background and history of the covenanted reformation of scotland, The national covenant, The solemn league and covenant, The covenanted reformation of scotland, The covenanted reformation of scotland short title listing, Biography of covenanters, Acts of faithful assemblies, Covenanting in america, The scottish covenanting struggle, alexander craighead, and the mecklenburg declaration, Confession of national sin and covenant renewal, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Bible magistracy, Magistracy turns back the wrath of god, Reform of the church, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, The westminster confession (1646), the westminster standards) and related works, The westminster confession of faith (1646) (the westminster standards) and related works: a study guide, The Lord's Supper, Communion and Close Communion, Reformation eschatology

Related WebLinks

Justifying Faith
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr1cha.html#justfaith

The Ordinance of Covenanting
http://www.covenanter.org/Covenanting/covenantinghome.htm

Mr Rutherford's Testimony to the Covenanted Work of Reformation (From 1638 to 1649,) in Britain and Ireland
http://covenanter.org/Rutherfurd/rutherfurdtestimony.htm

The Great Danger of Covenant-refusing, and Covenant-breaking, Edmund Calamy
Select "Topics," "Covenanting" and then the sermon.
http://www.truecovenanter.com/

Sermons by Eminent Covenanting Presbyterians
http://www.covenanter.org/Sermons/sermonhome.htm

Apologetics #04: The Renaissance and the Reformation
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Apologetics, 47 min.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=3105181649

The Scottish Covenanting Struggle, Alexander Craighead, and the Mecklenburg Declaration
http://www.lettermen2.com/craig.html

A Presbyterian Political Manifesto: Presbyterianism and Civil Government, Michael Wagner
"Philosophical considerations alone should not be considered sufficient to prove that an establishment of religion is a moral obligation. For Christians only the Bible can be accepted as the foundation for any belief, not only those beliefs related to 'spiritual' matters, but also those related to political issues. The critical question, then, for Christians is, 'Does the Bible teach the necessity of the establishment of the Christian religion?' The Bible does indeed demonstrate the need for an establishment of Christianity, and the Old Testament in particular provides the Biblical basis for the concept of an established church. In Old Testament times there was a pervasive cooperation between church and state, and that pattern was not abrogated in the New Testament.
"In the New Testament the passage with the most explicit teaching on civil government is probably Romans 13. In that chapter it is explained that political rulers 'are ordained of God' (v. 1); 'they are God's ministers' (v. 6) who must reward good and punish evil (vv. 3-4). This raises an important question: by what standard is the ruler to distinguish 'good' from 'evil?' Clearly, that standard can only be the Bible. How can rulers be God's ministers and yet not rule according to God's will? In other words, Romans 13: 1-6 teaches not only that God has instituted civil government, but also that the rulers must govern according to the Word of God. The Bible is not only the exclusive rule of faith and practice for the church, but also for the state. With the Bible being the standard for the civil authorities, it is unmistakable that Christianity is the foundation of the law order, i.e., the established religion in this sense. Romans 13, then, at least in a general way, teaches the necessity of the establishment of Christianity.
"At this point it is important to be more specific about what is being proposed as the Biblical concept of established religion. The Bible teaches a cooperation between church and state that has been variously called the 'Scottish Theory of Ecclesiastical Establishments' (Smeaton 1875), the 'Establishment Principle' (Brown n.d., 1), and other similar terms.
"The Establishment Principle, or the Principle of the National Recognition of Religion maintains the scriptural view of the universal supremacy of Christ as King of Nations as well as King of saints, with the consequent duty of nations as such, and civil rulers in their official capacity, to honour and serve Him by recognising His Truth and promoting His cause (Brown n.d., 1).
"As William Cunningham explains it, 'an obligation lies upon nations and their rulers to have respect, in the regulation of their national affairs, and in the application of national resources, to the authority of God's word, to the welfare of the church of Christ, and the interests of true religion' ([1882] 1991a, 391). What is being maintained here is that the true church of Christ, and the civil authorities (both in submission to their common Lord) have as their goal the promotion of God's glory and true Christianity, and that they should work together for the promotion of this common goal. On the one hand, they should be allied together, but on the other hand, they should remain completely sovereign in their respective jurisdictions."
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualNLs/presbpol.htm

Still Waters Revival Books -- Sermons and Books on Audio and Video Cassette
http://www.swrb.com/music/cassets.htm

Reformed Sermons
http://www.sermon.org

"Anarcho-Theocracy" the Only Biblical Form of Government: A Calvinist Defense of "Anarcho-Capitalism"
"It is the purpose of this website to offer a Biblical (Calvinist) justification for the abolition of the State. As Calvinists we believe in the Sovereignty of God. We believe that every individual, every family, every voluntary association, every business -- even every nation-state, every empire, and every other organized criminal syndicate -- is morally (Biblically) obligated to bring every area of life under the jurisdiction of God and His Word."
http://members.aol.com/VFTfiles/thesis/summaryAT.htm



The Mediatorial Reign of Christ and the
Crown Rights of Christ

The Treasury of David, Psalm 118, C.H. Spurgeon
http://www.spurgeon.org/treasury/ps118.htm

See Isaiah 40:1--55:13 and annotations in The Reformation Study Bible

The question of Paul, Is Christ divided? is one to which professing Christians have not given sufficient heed, and the evil consequences are abundantly apparent.
It was deemed essential to the salvation of men that their Redeemer should possess the powers at once of a prophet, a priest, and a king. These offices, while essentially distinct, are necessarily and inseparably connected with one another. Such a union has been by some utterly denied; and its denial has laid foundation for some capital errors, which have exerted a pernicious influence on the Christian church. By others it has been criminally overlooked; and the neglect with which it has been treated has occasioned vague and conflicting conceptions regarding the great work of man's deliverance from sin and wrath by the mediation of the Son of God.
If, as we presume will be readily admitted, the whole of Christ's offices are necessary to the salvation of fallen man, it follows that they are all essential to the character of the Saviour, and that, of course, we can not suppose him to have existed for a moment without any one of them, as this would suppose him to have been, for the time at least, no Saviour. -- William Symington

Briefly stated, where Christ is demoted or limited, His Kingdom and crown rights are limited and demoted. There is then a shift of sovereignty from God to man, which means the triumph of the state. The state as the new sovereign becomes god walking on earth, and the result is the rapid death of all freedom. -- R.J. Rushdoony

And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations. -- Jesus Christ (Revelation 2:26)

*AUGUSTINE, SAINT (AURELIUS AUGUSTINE, BISHOP OF HIPPO), (354-430 AD), (author), Philip Schaff (editor), Marcus Dods (translator), St. Augustine's City of God and Christian Doctrine [A Select Library of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church - Volume 2], new edition (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, September 2002), 624 pages, English, ISBN: 0802880991. Available (2 volumes, 1872 edition) on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. A Christian classic.
Augustine is said to be the greatest Christian thinker next to the Apostle Paul. Luther set the BIBLE and the CONFESSIONS OF SAINT AUGUSTINE above all other books.
"One of the classic texts of Western civilization [originally 22 volumes it explains the fall of Roman in terms of Scripture-- sk]. . . . DE CIVITATE DEI is an important contribution of interest to students of theology, philosophy, ecclesiastical history, the history of political thought, and late antiquity." -- Publisher's Annotation (from the Cambridge University Press edition)
"Augustine began writing THE CITY OF GOD at age 59 [shortly after the city of Rome had been sacked by the Goths in 410 A.D., much to the surprise, it is said, of both the Romans and the Goths.-- sk] and worked on it, off and on, for much of the next 14 years. The impetus for the beginning of this vast work (and its recurring focus) was the charge of Pagans (polytheists) that Christianity was responsible for the decay and demise of the Roman Empire. The charge put forward the claim that the prosperity and social stability of the state was dependent upon polytheistic worship. In response, Augustine arrays several lines of argument, rebutting the assumed 'goodness' of the Pagan state, as such, and detailing the ethical/moral and logical failings of Paganism. Augustine displays tremendous scholarship, employing the writings of Paganism's greatest historians and philosophers in his case against their religious claims. The result is a giant literary, philosophical, historical, theological and exegetical work. . . .
"Against the 'city', i.e., society, of many gods, there is but one alternate society, this Augustine calls The City of God, adopting the expression found in several of King David's psalms. Not only is the society of many gods the society of polytheists, it is also the 'city' of pantheists, atheistic materialists and philosophical Cynics. In the case of the Cynics and atheists, these false gods are the myriad gods of self, indeed, at least as many gods (selves) as there are believers in them. Thus there are two 'cities,' two loves, two ways to understand the big questions of existence, two destinations. Says Augustine:

"The one City began with the love of God; the other had its beginnings in the love of self." XIV:13.
"The city of man seeks the praise of men, whereas the height of glory for the other is to hear God in the witness of conscience. The one lifts up its head in its own boasting; the other says to God: 'Thou art my glory, thou liftest up my head.' (Psalm 3.4) In the city of the world both the rulers themselves and the people they dominate are dominated by the lust for domination; whereas in the City of God all citizens serve one another in charity. . ." XIV:28-- Wesley L. Janssen, Reader's Comment
"Augustine reflects deeply here on human nature and the meaning of eternal life and eternal punishment, within an explication of the 'meaning' of history. He writes of all human history as a single narrative. This also a work of Biblical exegesis, as Augustine treats Scripture as a historical document. For Augustine, creation is good, creation exists in time and has a history. Indeed, since God enters into history to show man His love, history itself is sanctified, through the City of God.
"The book contains the parallel histories of what Augustine terms the City of God and the City of Man, both descended from Adam. The City of Man is founded on murder (specifically fratricide, the murder of a brother, viz. Cain and Abel, Romulus and Remus). The City of Man has been deceived and debased, fallen under the sway of pagan gods, which appear to be either demons or, at best indifferent or benign spirits that are mistakenly worshipped. The City of God, on the other hand, is a pilgrim on this earth, toiling here in the joyous expectation of final salvation in God's Kingdom." -- Penn Jacobs, Reader's Comment
"His 'grand unifying theory' of Western civilization, uniting the organization of Rome with the thought of Greece and the revelation of the Bible, has been accepted as the de facto definition of what it means to be Western until only the very last few decades of our time. . . .
"This seamless blend of literary prowess from Rome's greatest scholar and highest ranking professor generates for the reader a powerful education in philosophy, history and theology, tied together with awesome rhetoric, that is uniquely powerful, erudite, insightful and useful all at once.
"From a historical and literary perspective, this may have been the very most important book ever written by reputedly human hands. ["Calvin paraphrased Augustine about 400 times in THE INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION." -- C. Gregg Singer]
"As it is written for the leaders of society and not for the average citizen, be ready to be intrigued, challenged to thought, and impressed with every line.
"By no means must the reader have any kind of religious belief to benefit from this book, nor must the reader agree with all that Augustine postulates, nor can the reader, due to the great distance of time separating him from us and improvements in scientific knowledge since his time. The importance, greatness and power of the writing itself commend it to us." -- Chris Miller, Reader's Comment
"One who has been introduced to Augustine through his auto-biographical CONFESSIONS may find it easier to follow his logic as he discusses the numerous topics of THE CITY OF GOD." -- Reader's Comment
"It would do the modern Church well to read this book since Augustine places the City of God (i.e., Christ and His Church) within the context of the pagan world in which we live, and its message is as applicable today as it was 1,500 years ago when he first wrote it." -- Reader's Comment
"History and theology in one rich volume." -- Reader's Comment
St. Augustine's final sentence of THE CITY OF GOD is "All things must be referred to the Glory of God."
"When you see that, then you will see the key to the story, and you will see the key to history." -- C. Gregg Singer
"The classic exposition of history in terms of Scripture." -- C. Gregg Singer
City of God, Saint Augustine, Philip Schaff (editor), Rev. Marcus Dods, D.D. (translator)
http://www.ccel.org/fathers/NPNF1-02/
The Confessions of Saint Augustine
"The story of his sinful pursuits before conversion, and of his conversion, then of his confession to God, and his discoveries of the greatness of God after his conversion." -- Publisher's Annotation.
http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/confessions.html
The Works of Saint Augustine
http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/augustine.html
The Comprehensive John Calvin Collection (CD-ROM) (Contains some works of Augustine.)
http://www.ageslibrary.com
The Comprehensive John Calvin Collection CD-ROM in Logos Library System (LLS) format
http://www.logosbiblesoftware.com/logosbiblesoftware/calcom.html
The Classical View of History (Augustine)
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, "The Christian View of History," lecture series.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=7150273140
The Augustinian Approach to History
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, 47 min.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=9150393751
Church History #09: Augustine #1
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, "Church History" lecture series.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=41504163949
Church History #10: Augustine #2
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, "Church History" lecture series.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=41504164048
Church History #11: Augustine #3
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, "Church History" lecture series.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=41504164152

Brown, C.J., Christ's Kingship Over the Nations Maintained and Defended (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).

Caryl, Joseph (1602-1673), and Ferdinando Fairfax (1584-1648), The saints thankfull acclamation at Christ's resumption of his great power and the initials of his kingdome. Delivered in a sermon . . . before the . . . House of Commons, upon the day of . . . thanksgiving . . . for the . . . victory given our armie, under the command of . . . Lord Fairfax, at Selby . . . and the other . . . forces in Pembrockshire, April 23d, 1644 . . . (London, Cornmarket Press, 1971, 1644). OCLC: 25378756

*CHURCH OF SCOTLAND GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 1638-1649, The Acts of the General Assemblies of the Church of Scotland, From the Year 1638 to the Year 1649 Inclusive, 1682 (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). A Christian classic. Also available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #11 ISBN-10: 0921148224 ISBN-13: 9780921148227.
"Exceedingly rare, these are the acts from what many consider the greatest general assembly gatherings since the days of the apostles. The work accomplished and ratified at these meetings has been called 'the most perfect model' of Presbyterial Church Government 'as yet attained.' Sitting during the momentous days of the Covenants (National and Solemn League) and the Westminster Assembly, this general assembly included the likes of Samuel Rutherford and George Gillespie. Judicially binding on covenanted Presbyterians (WCF 31:3), these Acts demonstrate how these godly leaders officially dealt with individual, family, ecclesiastical and civil Reformation (including national and international matters). Furthermore, it should not be forgotten that these rulings had major national and international ramifications in their day and that they still guide faithful Presbyterians at the close of the twentieth century (as terms of ministerial and Christian communion in the Reformed Presbyterian church). Moreover, they contain 'noble examples to be followed in testifying against all corruptions embodied in the constitutions of either churches or states' (Reformed Presbytery, Act, Declaration and Testimony for the Whole of Our Covenanted Reformation, p. 216). Christ's Kingship has never since been so boldly and clearly proclaimed to the nations by a duly constituted general assembly -- neither has His rule and reign been upheld and actually embodied into the laws of a nation (civil and ecclesiastical) as it was during these days in Scotland. Much of this can be attributed to the work (humanly speaking) done by the ministers present while these Acts were debated and passed. Regarding doctrine, worship, government and discipline there are few books that will be as helpful -- especially to elders and those advanced in the faith. Additionally, if you want a glimpse at the heart of the Second Reformation this is one of the best places to look. It may also be considered 'the eye of the Puritan storm,' seeing that the Scottish Covenanters exerted such a godly influence among their English Presbyterian brothers (and the Westminster Assembly) during these days -- the two nations having covenanted with God (in the Solemn League and Covenant) for the international 'reformation and defense of religion . . . the peace and safety of the three kingdoms . . . the glory of God, and the advancement of the kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, etc.' Over 500 pages and indexed for easy reference to all major topics." -- SWRB

*CUNNINGHAM, WILLIAM, Church and State, the Biblical View: A Compilation of Articles From Some of the Best Christian Minds in History (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). A Christian classic. ISBN-10:
"A compilation of articles from some of the best Christian minds in history, including Cunningham, Smeaton, M'Crie, Symington, Gillespie, the Westminster Divines, Bannerman, Owen and Shaw. This book shows that, generally speaking, the leaders of the Reformed faith have all come to substantial agreement regarding what the Scriptures teach about Christ's Kingship over the nations and the Church. Establishmentarianism is clearly seen to be the historically Reformed consensus, and this has a huge impact on the way one views both the Church and the state, in relation to Scripture." -- SWRB

*DAVIES, SAMUEL, The Divine Government the Joy of the World. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"Expands upon the reign and rule of King Jesus and the great blessings that this entails." -- SWRB
The Divine Government the Joy of the World, Samuel Davies
http://books.google.com/books?id=q2msGwAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

*HUTCHISON, MATTHEW, The Reformed Presbyterian Church in Scotland: Its Origin and History, 1680-1876, 450 pages. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18, ISBN: 0921148933 9780921148937. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #23.
"This is the only book-length history covering the period after 1680 (to 1876), when the majority Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church of Scotland merged with the Free Church of Scotland. The history after 1822, when the Auchensaugh Renovation was removed as a term of communion, merely chronicles the wholesale backsliding of the church and eventual split in 1863; from which a majority emerged which joined with the Free Church of Scotland in 1876. A remnant of the minority of the Reformed Presbyterian Church of Scotland still exists, however they never returned to the original position of the church from which it began to depart in 1822 (with the removal of the Auchensaugh bond -- which bond is the Auchensaugh Renovation listed under the Reformed Presbytery in this catalogue). This book is a fine illustration of the 'footsteps of the flock,' (as seen in the Protesters [paleopresbyterians] and their spiritual posterity), during the period of which it deals, while at the same time serving as a clear warning to those who have declined from Reformation attainments (i.e. the Resolutioners [neopresbyterians] and those who continue their deformation of the faith). 'By the National Covenant,' notes Thomas Sproull, 'our Fathers laid Popery prostrate. By the Solemn League and Covenant they were successful in resisting prelatic encroachments and civil tyranny. By it they were enabled to achieve the Second Reformation . . . They were setting up landmarks by which the location and limits of the city of God will be known at the dawn of the millennial day . . . How can they be said to go forth by the footsteps of the flock, who have declined from the attainments, renounced the covenants and contradicted the testimony of 'the cloud of witnesses.'. . . All the schisms (separations) that disfigure the body mystical of Christ . . . are the legitimate consequences of the abandonment of reformation attainments -- the violation of covenant engagements.' Understanding where the faithful covenanted servants of Christ have been historically, not only helps individuals to separate between truly constituted churches and the those that are false (because they have constitutionally backslidden from Reformation attainments); but is a necessary component to the keeping the fifth commandment, as the Reformed Presbytery has pointed out: ' Nor otherwise can a Christian know the time or place of his birth, or the persons whom God commands him to honor as his father and mother, than by uninspired testimony; and the same is true of his covenant obligation, if baptized in infancy. Against all who ignorantly or recklessly reject or oppose history as a bond of fellowship, in the family, in the state, but especially in the church, we thus enter our solemn and uncompromising protest' (Excerpted from: The Act, Declaration and Testimony for the Whole of Our Covenanted Reformation... by the Reformed Presbytery, pp. 177-178 -- a SWRB rare bound photocopy [1761], reprinted 1995 from the 1876 edition). This edition of THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN SCOTLAND: ITS ORIGIN AND HISTORY, 1680-1876 also contains an introductory note by William Goold (the editor of John Owen's WORKS). In introducing this book Goold writes, 'This volume may claim attention as supplying an essential link in the ecclesiastical history of Scotland. It is the history of that body of men who adhered to the civil part of the Second Reformation, according to which Presbytery was established and recognized by the State between 1638 and 1649 . . . The Church of which this volume is a history took its rise in its distinctive character at this period, and on the ground that it could not, while acknowledging the relief from oppression which the Revolution (of 1688) afforded, acquiesce in the arrangements made by the State for the recognition of the Church and the due exercise of its authority within its own spiritual domain (because the so-called 'glorious revolution' was Erastian to the core and also denied the previous national covenant engagements -- RB). . . . Apart, however, from their testimony in regard to this evil and danger, resulting from a Civil Government in which Prelacy was continued as an essential element, those who dissented from the Revolution Settlement, and from whom the Reformed Presbyterian Church arose, were animated with an earnest zeal for the maintenance of religious ordinances. They strove to exist as a Church, and how far they succeeded, and what difficulties they had to surmount in the attempt, is the interesting story recorded in this volume' (pp. v-vi). In summary, this book (of 450 pages) is an one-of-a-kind chronicle of an integral part of the history of the battle for the 'Crown Rights and Royal Prerogatives of the Lord Jesus Christ'." -- SWRB

*ROBERTS, WILLIAM L. (1798-1864), The Duty of Nations, in Their National Capacity, to Acknowledge and Support the True Religion, 1853 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25, ISBN: 0921148208 9780921148203.
"Excerpted from THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM below, this book deals with the inescapable necessity, of the demand found in the Word of God, for the Civil establishment of Christ as King and Lawgiver over every nation on earth. If you are sick of the cease-fire with humanism, set forth by the syncretistic, Satanic and pragmatic pagan politicians of our day (those who bargain with votaries of Antichrist [the Pope], publicly tolerate all manner of false religions (e.g. Islam) and idolatry, and compose their policy and draw their pretended authority from the beast [and not the Word of God], this book is for you! For all pagan politics is summed up in the words of the Cameronian (Covenanter) political philosopher Alexander Shields, as 'rotting away under the destructive distempers of detestable neutrality, loathsome lukewarmness, declining, and decaying in corruptions, defections, divisions, distractions, confusions; and so judicially infatuated with darkness and delusions, that they forget and forego the necessary testimony of the day' (A Hind let Loose, 1797 edition, p. 20). Pick up this book and begin the political walk in the 'footsteps of the flock,' traveling the covenanting road of Reformation and Scripture (with the magisterial Reformers of the past)!" -- SWRB
On the Duty of Covenanting and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants, being section 11 in the Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, 1853, by William L. Roberts
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/PresCatCov.htm
A Hind Let Loose; Or An Historical Representation OF THE TESTIMONIES OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND. . . . by Mr. ALEXANDER SHIELDS, Minister of the Gospel, in St. Andrews. , EEBO.
http://www.covenanter.org/AShields/Hind/Hindletloosetitle.htm
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html

*ROBERTS, WILLIAM L. (1798-1864), The Reformed Presbyterian Catechism (New York, NY: R. Craighead, 1853), ISBN: 0524065543 9780524065549. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. ATLA 1991-2638.
A magnificent catechism that sets forth the Crown Rights of The King of Glory and Lord of Lords. It also presents incontrovertible evidence that the United States Constitution is not a Christian document, and that it is, in fact, a slavery document.
See also: THE SCOTTISH COVENANTING STRUGGLE, ALEXANDER CRAIGHEAD, AND THE MECKLENBURG DECLARATION, SECRET PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, CONSPIRACY IN PHILADELPHIA: THE ORIGINS OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION, and A THEOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF AMERICAN HISTORY.
"A manual of instruction, drawing from such notable authors as William Symington and J.R. Willson, presenting 'arguments and facts confirming and illustrating the 'Distinctive Principles' of the Reformed Presbyterian Church. Chapters deal with: 'Christ's Mediatorial Dominion in general;' Christ's exclusive Headship over the Church;' 'The Supreme and Ultimate Authority of the Word of God in the Church;' Civil Government, the Moral Ordinance of God;' Christ's Headship over the Nations;' 'The Subjection of the Nations to God and to Christ;' The Word, or Revealed Will of God, the Supreme Law in the State;' 'The Duty of Nations, in their National Capacity, to acknowledge and support the True Religion:' 'The Spiritual Independence of the Church of Christ:' 'The Right and Duty of Dissent from an immoral Constitution of Civil Government;' 'The Duty of Covenanting, and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants;' 'The Application of these Principles to the Governments, where Reformed Presbyterians reside, in the form of a Practical Testimony;' and finally 'Application of the Testimony to the British Empire.' A most important book, as we approach (possibly) the end of the great apostasy and will be in need of preparing for the dawning of the glorious millennial blessings to come; the days prophesied in which the church 'shalt also suck the milk of the Gentiles, and shalt suck the breast of kings' (Isa. 60:16)." -- SWRB
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html

*ROGERS, RICHARD, (1550?-1618) Judges (Banner of Truth, 1996). ISBN: 0851513778. Appears on Puritan Bookshelf CD #21. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Six, CD #34.
Richard Rogers was a contemporary of William Perkins (1558-1602).
"This for the Puritan period is THE work upon Judges. It is thoroughly plain and eminently practical. . . ." -- C.H. Spurgeon
"It [The Book of Judges] provides a dramatic illustration of the effect of apostasy upon every aspect of life. The root cause of Israel's decline was that the covenant relationship with the Lord, with its requirement of absolute and loyal obedience to His commands, was broken. This led to disintegration in the political, religious, social, and family spheres and to a sharp increase in immorality. The Book of Judges serves as a reminder that a nation cannot live on its past glories. The author of Judges was, of course, a preacher to his own generation, but his message has a permanent and universal application, and may be summed up in the words of Proverbs 14:34:

Righteousness exalts a nation,
but sin in a reproach to any people.
Israel's chronic inability to profit by its own bitter history is a solemn exhortation to profit from the lessons of experience, whether observed or experienced." -- A.E. Cundall
"Gideon asks the question that is central to Judges: "if the Lord is with us, why then has all this happened to us?" (6:13). There was warning in Deuteronomy that the result of turning away from God and serving idols would be the sort of suffering that took place during the period of the judges. God would seem to be absent and the land would be filled with sorrows (Deut. 31:16,17). Israel needed a king who could teach them how to keep their covenant with the Lord. . . .
"The central section of Judges (3:7-16:31), the bulk of the book, makes an extensive use of repetition. The author describes a repeating sequence of events. The Israelites do evil in the eyes of the Lord, turning to serve other gods. God becomes angry and delivers them up to oppressors. They cry out for help, and God raises up a judge to deliver them. The judge brings peace, but the nation returns to sin as soon as the judge dies. The repeated phrasing describing this pattern reinforces the point that the Israelites were unrepentant. While each judge and the details of the deliverance he brought varies, the end was inevitable: the people again did evil in the eyes of the Lord.
"Six major judges are described, interspersed with the mention of six lesser judges. The opening and closing sections of the book are like bookends, enclosing the cyclical narratives about the judges. The introduction (1:1-2:5) points out Israel's general failure to conquer the land according to the provisions of the covenant God had made with them. The cycles of the twelve judges show that the judges could not lead the people into faithfulness to the covenant. There was a downward spiral of increasing disobedience. The conclusion (chs. 17-21) recounts two especially grievous examples of covenant disobedience. The writer repeats the brief, tragic observation, 'There was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.'
"The writer of Judges, like the authors of the other historical books, calls the community of faith to obey the covenant, applying to their lives the teaching of Deuteronomy. He points to the successes and failures of previous generations, and challenges the people of David's time to be faithful to the covenant. He warns them prophetically about the dangers of the wrong kind of leadership.
"According to Judges, Israel was falling away from the covenant and worshiping false gods as they forgot the Lord's acts of salvation in the past (2:10; 6:13). As in Deuteronomy, the sin of seeking other gods is the continuing pattern of covenant disobedience (Judg. 2:11, 12; 3:7, 12; 8:33; 10:6, 10; Deut. 4:23). The repeated cycles with the constant refrains, 'the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord' (2:11; 3:7, 12; 4:1; 6:1; 10:6; 13:1) and 'everyone did what was right in his own eyes' (17:6; 21:25; cf. Deut. 12:8; 31:16, 17), were a sharp warning to Israel in David's early kingship that they absolutely needed a king who could enable the nation to keep the terms of their covenant with God.
"Beyond these immediate applications for the original audience of Judges, we should observe that later readers doubtless saw in the book the hope for a new David who would teach them to keep their covenant with the Lord. This would be especially true of those who read the book in the days of the divided monarchy or during and after the exile to Babylon. In New Testament days, the gospel of Jesus, the son of David (Matt. 1:1), answers the longing of the readers of Judges for the presence of a godly king, and heightens the church's expectation of His return in glory." -- THE REFORMATION STUDY BIBLE: THE WORD THAT CHANGES LIVES -- THE FAITH THAT CHANGED THE WORLD, NEW KING JAMES VERSION, pp. 331, 332.
A study of the books of Judges and Micah (we recommend Calvin's Commentary on Micah) reveals that Bible Magistracy, executed by leaders of Church and by leaders of State, turns back the wrath of God. It could be argued this is an underlying theme throughout the Bible. Terrorism against the United States, abroad and at home, can be seen as the wrath of God punishing a wayward people. Practicing Bible Magistracy in society, then, is central to stopping terrorism. When men enforce the Law of God, then they turn back the wrath of God. The conclusion of David's life in 2 Samuel 23:3: "The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God."

*REFORMED PRESBYTERY (AMERICA, "STEELITE"), DAVID STEELE (1803-1887), JOHN THORBURN (1730?-1788), JOHN COURTASS (d. 1795), et al., Act, Declaration, And Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To, And Established In, Britain and Ireland; Particularly Betwixt The Years 1638 and 1649, Inclusive. As, Also, Against All The Steps Of Defection From Said Reformation, Whether In Former Or Later Times, Since The Overthrow Of That Glorious Work, Down To This Present Day (1876), (A new edition of the Ploughlandhead Testimony of 1761, the subordinate standard of the "Steelite" Reformed Presbytery, 1850). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678.
"Upholds the original work of the Westminster Assembly and testifies to the abiding worth and truth formulated in the Westminster family of documents. Upholds and defends the crown rights of King Jesus in church and state, denouncing those who would remove the crown from Christ's head by denying His right to rule (by His law) in both the civil and ecclesiastical spheres. Testifies to the received doctrine, government, worship, and discipline of the Church of Scotland in her purest (reforming) periods. Applies God's Word to the Church's corporate attainments 'with a judicial approbation of the earnest contendings and attainments of the faithful, and a strong and pointed judicial condemnation of error and the promoters thereof' (The Contending Witness magazine, Dec. 17/93, p. 558). Shows the church's great historical victories (such as the National and Solemn League and Covenant, leading to the Westminster Assembly) and exposes her enemies actions (e.g. the Prelacy of Laud; the Independency, sectarianism, covenant breaking and ungodly toleration set forth by the likes of Cromwell [and the Independents that conspired with him]; the Erastianism and civil sectarianism of William of Orange, etc.). It is not likely that you will find a more consistent working out of the principles of Calvinism anywhere. Deals with the most important matters relating to the individual, the family, the church and the state. Sets forth a faithful historical testimony of God's dealings with men during some of the most important days of church history. A basic text that should be mastered by all Christians." -- SWRB
Act, Declaration, And Testimony (1876)
http://www.covenanter.org/RefPres/actdeclarationandtestimony/acttitle.htm
Act, Declaration, & Testimony for the Whole of our Covenanted Reformation (1876 Reformed Presbytery, America, Steelite)
The Project Gutenberg text was prepared by members of The Reformed Presbytery North America using the Reformed Presbytery (America, Steelite) text of the 1876 edition.
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/13200/13200.txt
The electronic text found at ManyBooks.com is the Project Gutenberg text.
http://manybooks.net/pages/presbyteryr13201320013200-8/0.html

Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #1
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=81907517162
Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #2
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=926071233170
Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #3
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=92707111830
Act, Declaration, & Testimony, For The Whole Of The Covenanted Reformation, As Attained To & Established In Britain #4
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=927071140420
REFORMED PRESBYTERY, Auchensaugh Renovation of the National Covenant and Solemn League and Covenant; With the Acknowledgement of Sins and Engagement to Duties as They Were Renewed at Auchensaugh in 1712 . . . Also the Renovation of These Public Federal Deeds Ordained at Philadelphia, Oct. 8, 1880, by the Reformed Presbytery, With Accommodation of the Original Covenants, in Both Transactions, to Their Times and Positions Respectively, 1880 edition (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #2, #25, #30, ISBN: 0921148690 9780921148692.
" 'In 1712, at Auchensaugh, the Covenants, National and Solemn League, were renewed . . . At the renewal the covenant bonds were recognized as binding the descendants of those who first entered into those bonds. The Covenanters, however, sought to display the true intent of those Covenants with marginal notes. These notes explained that the Church of Jesus Christ, in Scotland (and around the world), must not join hands with any political power in rebellion to the crown rights of King Jesus. The Covenanters pledged the Covenanted Reformed Presbyterian Church to the support of lawful magistracy (i.e. magistracy which conformed itself to the precepts of God's Word) and declared themselves and their posterity against support of any power, in Church or State, which lacked biblical authority.' (From 'About the Covenanted Reformed Presbyterian Church' P.O. Box 131, Pottstown, PA 19464). An excellent introduction (historical and moral) regarding the reasons, motives and manner of fulfilling the duty of covenanting with God. Especially helpful concerning the Biblical view of the blessings (for covenant-keepers) and cursings (for covenant breakers) related to covenanting. As noted on page 37, 'the godly usually in times of great defection from the purity and power of religion, and corruption of the ordinances of God's worship, set about renewing their covenant, thereby to prevent covenant curses, and procure covenant blessing; as we find both in scripture record, 2 Chron. 15:12-13; 29:10; 34:30-31; Ezra 10:3, and in our own ecclesiastical history.' Times like ours certainly call for a revival of the Scriptural ordinance of covenanting, for '[t]he nations throughout Christendom, continue in league with Antichrist and give their strength to the beast. They still refuse to profess and defend the true religion in doctrine, worship, government and discipline, contrary to the example of the kingdoms of Scotland, England and Ireland in the seventeenth century' (p. 136 in this book)." -- SWRB
The Auchensaugh Renovation
http://www.covenanter.org/RefPres/auchensaugh.htm

*REID, H.M.B., A Cameronian Apostle: Being Some Account of John Macmillan of Balmaghie, 1896. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #30, ISBN: 0921148380 9780921148388. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Five, CD #25.
"The author wrote this book `considering the renewed interest taken at present in questions of Church government and establishment,' noting that `there seemed to be some room for a detailed treatment of a career which covers so interesting a period as that embraced between 1690 and 1750.' Macmillan is an important historical link to those who still fight for Christ's Crown and Covenant. `For many years he fought the battle of the Covenants alone, and he fought it on lines of policy and wisdom.' states Reid. Furthermore, the author continues, `I have tried to indicate his position among the `Suffering Remnant' by calling him `a Cameronian Apostle;' for, during the long period of 36 years, he was the sole ordained minister among the scattered congregations of the `Society' people. The name seems not unfitting, and it receives a certain sanction from the authority of Dr. Cunningham, who styled him the `high-priest' of the Societies . . . Further, Macmillan's story is also the record of the development of a most interesting side of Scottish Church life. He may be said, indeed, to have made the history of what, at last, became the Reformed Presbyterian Church. This is so true, that that Church long bore the popular name of the `Macmillanites.' And the name of Macmillan is bound up with more than one congregation still existing.' An important book for those who would trace the backsliding of modern Presbyterianism (the neopresbyterians) and also be encouraged by the remnant of those who remain faithful to the position of the original Covenanters (the paleopresbyterians). This book's 308 pages includes illustrations and a detailed appendix containing important church documents." -- SWRB

Reid, H.M.B., The Kirk Above Dee Water, 1895 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
" `This little book (128 pages) . . . embodies a few scattered notices of (the) Balmaghie Church since the year 1615 . . . The dominating figure in the following pages is, of course, the great Macmillan' (Preface). Here 'they went to hear the word of God properly preached' in the Kirk of the Hill Folk, which had never fyled its hands with 'an Erastian Establishment!' (Introduction). An interesting look at a Covenanter congregation." -- SWRB

*ROBERTS, WILLIAM L. (1798-1864), The Duty of Nations, in Their National Capacity, to Acknowledge and Support the True Religion, 1853 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25, ISBN: 0921148208 9780921148203.
"Excerpted from THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM below, this book deals with the inescapable necessity, of the demand found in the Word of God, for the Civil establishment of Christ as King and Lawgiver over every nation on earth. If you are sick of the cease-fire with humanism, set forth by the syncretistic, Satanic and pragmatic pagan politicians of our day (those who bargain with votaries of Antichrist [the Pope], publicly tolerate all manner of false religions (e.g. Islam) and idolatry, and compose their policy and draw their pretended authority from the beast [and not the Word of God], this book is for you! For all pagan politics is summed up in the words of the Cameronian (Covenanter) political philosopher Alexander Shields, as 'rotting away under the destructive distempers of detestable neutrality, loathsome lukewarmness, declining, and decaying in corruptions, defections, divisions, distractions, confusions; and so judicially infatuated with darkness and delusions, that they forget and forego the necessary testimony of the day' (A Hind let Loose, 1797 edition, p. 20). Pick up this book and begin the political walk in the 'footsteps of the flock,' traveling the covenanting road of Reformation and Scripture (with the magisterial Reformers of the past)!" -- SWRB
On the Duty of Covenanting and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants, being section 11 in the Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, 1853, by William L. Roberts
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/PresCatCov.htm
A Hind Let Loose; Or An Historical Representation OF THE TESTIMONIES OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND. . . . by Mr. ALEXANDER SHIELDS, Minister of the Gospel, in St. Andrews. , EEBO.
http://www.covenanter.org/AShields/Hind/Hindletloosetitle.htm
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html

*SHIELDS, ALEXANDER, A Hind Let Loose, or An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland for the Interest of Christ with the True State thereof in all its Periods. Together with a Vindication of the Present Testimony Against Popish, Prelatical, and Malignant Enemies of that Church, as it is now Stated, for the Prerogatives of Christ, Privileges of the Church, and Liberties of Mankind; and Sealed by the Sufferings of a Reproached Remnant of Presbyterians there, Witnessing Against the Corruptions of the Time: Wherein Several Controversies of Greatest Consequence are Enquired into, and in Some Measure Cleared; Concerning Hearing of the Curates, Owning of the Present Tyranny, Taking of Ensnaring Oaths and Bonds, Frequenting of Field-Meetings, Defensive Resistance of Tyrannical Violence, with Several Other Subordinate Questions Useful for these Times, 1797, 1744, 1687 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books), Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #2, #26 ISBN: 0921148690 9780921148692. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #22. A Christian classic.
"First printed in 1687 (near the end of the 'killing times'), we have used the 1797 edition for this rare bound photocopy because all of the Latin has been translated into English (an obvious improvement for English readers). This rare Covenanter classic, concerning Calvinistic political philosophy and tactics of civil resistance, is comparable to Samuel Rutherford's LEX, REX; in fact it could rightly be referred to as 'Lex, Rex volume two.' It is solidly in the line of John Knox's teachings on civil disobedience and addresses numerous topics that are relevant to today's Christian. 'In A HIND LET LOOSE, Shields justified the Camerionian resistance to royal absolutism and the divine right of kings. He argued that government is divinely ordained, but the people are entitled to bring a king to judgement for wrongdoing. Parliament is commissioned by the people to oversee the nation's affairs, but the compact between the people and their rulers does not entail a forfeiture of the people's power to depose tyrants and confer authority on someone else. Government is by consent, and must justify itself to the consciences of the people. God has given men the right of self defence, and this extends to a right not only passively to resist, but also to kill relentless persecutors' writes Isbell (in the Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology, p. 773). Controversial chapter titles include: 'Concerning Owning of Tyrants Authority;' 'Defensive Arms Vindicated;' 'Of Extraordinary Execution of Judgement by Private Men;' and 'Refusing to Pay Wicked Taxation Vindicated.' This book sets forth the Crown rights of King Jesus, against all usurpers in both church and state, giving a history of some of faithful sufferings endured by the elect, in maintaining this truth. It bears testimony against 'the popish, prelatical and malignant enemies' of Christ and proclaims the only true basis of liberty for mankind. 'The matter is argued with a vast abundance of Biblical illustration, and with much reference to Reformation and Puritan divines. It should be consulted, if practicable, by all who wish fully to understand the inner spirit of the Covenanting Movement,' writes Purves in FAIR SUNSHINE (p. 202). Isbell interestingly notes that Shields was once 'amanuensis to the English Puritan John Owen'." -- SWRB
A Hind Let Loose; Or An Historical Representation OF THE TESTIMONIES OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND. . . . by Mr. ALEXANDER SHIELDS, Minister of the Gospel, in St. Andrews..
http://www.covenanter.org/AShields/Hind/Hindletloosetitle.htm
A Hind Let Loose; Or, An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland; for the Interest of Christ: With the True State Thereof in All Its Periods . . .
The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm
http://books.google.com/books?id=boAAAAAAMAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

Symington, Andrew, Headship of Christ Over the Nations, 1841 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"Provides Scriptural evidences for Christ's headship over the nations and the church, demonstrating the importance of this doctrine to the Kingdom of Christ. A lecture excerpted from the book Lectures on the Principles of the Second Reformation, edited by Andrew Symington." -- SWRB
Lectures on the Principles of the Second Reformation
http://www.covenanter.org/RPScotland/Principles/lecturesonthesecondreformation.htm

*SYMINGTON, WILLIAM (1795-1862), Messiah the Prince or, The Mediatorial Dominion of Jesus Christ (Pittsburgh, PA: The Christian Statesman Press [National Reform Association], 1999, 1884), ISBN: 0966004434, and (Hardbound [ISBN: 0921148054] or Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 1990, 1884). Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #13, #25, and #26, ISBN: 0921148917 9780921148913.
"It was deemed essential to the salvation of men that their Redeemer should possess the powers at once of a prophet, a priest, and a king. These offices, while essentially distinct, are necessarily and inseparably connected with one another. Such a union has been by some utterly denied; and its denial has laid foundation for some capital errors, which have exerted a pernicious influence on the Christian church. By others it has been criminally overlooked; and the neglect with which it has been treated has occasioned vague and conflicting conceptions regarding the great work of man's deliverance from sin and wrath by the mediation of the Son of God." -- William Symington
"It is the standard work on the kingdom of God in English! There is nothing else like it; it is one-of-a kind! It covers the necessity, reality, and qualifications of Christ's dominion over not only the church, but all nations too. Anything less is to rob Christ of His magnificent, majestic, mediatorial glory -- for He is the King of kings and Lord of lords. 'While books on the priestly work of the Redeemer, and especially on the Atonement, are numerous,' notes the introduction to the American edition, 'no formal and exhaustive discussion of the kingly office of the Messiah . . . and its application to various classes of moral agents is elsewhere to be found . . . It is cause for satisfaction that the only treatise, as yet, upon this subject, is a work of signal ability, lucid in arrangement, reverent in spirit, and with hardly an exception, sound and judicious in its conclusion. Its very merits are probably, in part, the reason why no other work on the same subject has appeared, and until it is supplanted by a better work--an event not likely soon to occur--it will have a value peculiar to itself'." -- SWRB
Chapters include "The Necessity of the Mediatorial Dominion," "The Universality of the Mediatorial Dominion," "The Mediatorial Dominion Over the Church," and "Over the Nations," plus much more.
Messiah the Prince or, The Mediatorial Dominion of Jesus Christ, William Symington
Online free etext of the 1999 Christian Statesman Press edition.
http://www.reformed.org/eschaton/symington/index.html?mainframe=/eschaton/symington/index_mtp.html

*SYMINGTON, WILLIAM (1795-1862), On the Atonement and Intercession of Jesus Christ, 1854 (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #20, ISBN: 0921148976 9780921148975.
"This is the companion volume to Symington's classic MESSIAH THE PRINCE OR, THE MEDIATORIAL DOMINION OF JESUS CHRIST. In part one, we find an extensive work comparing differing views regarding the nature, necessity, matter, value, extent, and result of the atonement. Part two deals with the reality, nature, matter, properties and results of the intercessory work of Christ. Encouraging and precise. Over 300 pages." -- SWRB Nave's Topical Bible: Christ, Prayers of
http://bible.crosswalk.com/Concordances/NavesTopicalBible/ntb.cgi?number=T2807

Van Der Kemp, Johannes, and John M. Van Harlingen, The Christian Entirely the Property of Christ, in Life and Death: Exhibited in Fifty-three Sermons on the Heidelberg Catechism . . . , 2 volumes.

Willson, James M., The Subjection of Kings and Nations to Messiah (1820), (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books).
"A lengthy sermon of 64 pages preached Dec. 6, 1819. Based on the text: 'All Kings shall bow down before him: all nations shall serve him' (Ps. 72:11). Maintains that this text refers to a commanded duty, concerning Christ not Solomon, and should be translated 'Let all kings bow down before him: Let all nations serve him.' Explains this national duty, inquires as to how it is to be nationally preformed, then proceeds to make practical application of the subject. Shows that nations have a duty, as nations, to bind themselves to Christ by covenant, to consecrate themselves to Him, to swear allegiance to Him (as their King and Lord), and to obey all His holy law! Furthermore, Willson maintains that it is a great sin for nations to remain in rebellion against Christ by not performing these duties. He also demonstrates how and why a high-handed sin of this nature brings corporate guilt upon the nation. Moreover, this sin provokes God to wrath (as seen in an escalation of national calamities), until the day, barring repentance, that the national 'cup of wrath' overflows. Also contains helpful direction regarding the individual's social responsibility as a Christian in times of national corporate defection from Christ's crown and covenant (i.e in times exactly like those that we live in)." -- SWRB

See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), The inspiration and infallibility of scripture (the doctrine of revelation, the doctrine of plenary inspiration, the doctrine of divine inspiration, the doctrine of verbal inspiration, The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, The ten commandments, Trusting god, Idolatry, Sexual relationship, Spirituality and harlotry, Rebellion and lawlessness: wickedness, demonic possession, substance abuse, abnormal behavior, insanity, mental illness, mental retardation, Repentance, the key to salvation and change, Justice, the theology of judgment, god's final judgment, the great white throne judgment, the day of the lord, Justifying faith, Justification, Forgiveness, Sanctification, The covenant faithfulness of god, Sufficiency of christ, Lordship of jesus christ, Christ's kingdom, Covenant theology, The covenanted reformation, Background and history of the covenanted reformation of scotland, Covenanted reformation short title listing, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, The one and the many, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Individual responsibility for corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Unfaithful reformed ministries, Secret societies, ungodly alliances, voluntary associations, Conspiracy and corruption, Pseudo-christian movements: a selection of works, Politics, Casuistry, cases of conscience, Reformation eschatology, and so forth, and so on
TCRB5: 692, 695, 701, 702, 707, 708, 710, 718, 735, 1229, 1355, 1368, 1463, 2012, 2152, 2483, 2619, 2731, 2732, 2863, 2977, 2979, 3014, 3078, 3117, 3360, 3364, 3421, 3807, 3838, 3849, 4123

Related WebLinks

Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://www.covenantedreformation.com/EssaysCR/RP%20Catechism/RP%20Index.html

Johnston, Archibald (1793-1818), Regnum Lapidis, or, The Kingdom of the Stone
A dissertation on the Crown Rights of Christ.
http://www.covenanter.org/MediatorialReign/regnumlapidis.htm

The Mediatorial Reign of Christ Homepage
http://www.covenanter.org/MediatorialReign/mediatorialreign.htm

Nave's Topical Bible: Commandments
http://bible.crosswalk.com/Concordances/NavesTopicalBible/ntb.cgi?number=T1189

Christ the King of All
http://www.bright.net/~covvie/king.html

The Scottish Covenanting Struggle, Alexander Craighead, and the Mecklenburg Declaration
http://www.lettermen2.com/craig.html

Articles by William O. Einwechter
http://www.natreformassn.org/einwecToC.html

The Historicism Research Foundation
http://www.historicism.net



Suffrage and Reproductive Rights

My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children. As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will I change their glory into shame. (Hosea 4:6,7)

But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. (1 Timothy 2:12)

The voter in voting is bound to set aside personal ends and vote for those policies alone which will be equally promotive of his own, his family's and all his fellow-citizens' rights and interests. -- R.L. Dabney

The voter who cannot rise to this grade of common honesty in voting ought to be disenfranchised. -- R.L. Dabney

Hosea 7:3, They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies.
The Prophet now arraigns all the citizens of Samaria, and in their persons the whole people, because they rendered obedience to the king by flattery, and to the princes in wicked things, respecting which their own conscience convicted them. He had already in the fifth chapter mentioned the defection of the people in this respect, that they had obeyed the royal edict. It might indeed have appeared a matter worthy of praise, that the people had quietly embraced what the king commanded. This is the case with many at this day, who bring forward a pretext of this kind. Under the papacy they dare not withdraw themselves from their impious superstitions, and they adduce this excuse, that they ought to obey their princes. But, as I have already said, the Prophet has before condemned this sort of obedience, and now he shows that the defection which then reigned through all Israel, ought not to be ascribed to the king or to few men, but that it was a common evil, which involved all in one and the same guilt, without exception. How so? "By their wickedness", he says, "they have exhilarated the king, and by their lies the princes"; that is, If they wish to cast the blame on their governors, it will be done in vain; for whence came then such a promptitude? As soon as Jeroboam formed the calves, as soon as he built temples, religion instantly collapsed, and whatever was before pure, degenerated; how was the change so sudden? Even because the people had inwardly concocted their wickedness, which, when an occasion was offered, showed itself; for hypocrisy did lie hid in all, and was then discovered. We now perceive what the Prophet had in view. And this place ought to be carefully noticed: for it often happens that some vice creeps in, which proceeds from one man or from a few; but when all readily embrace what a few introduce, it is quite evident that they have no living root of piety or of the fear of God. They then who are so prone to adopt vices were before hypocrites; and we daily find this to be the case. When pious men have the government of a city, and act prudently, then the whole people will give some hope that they will fear the Lord; and when any king, influenced by a desire of advancing the glory of God, endeavors to preserve all his subjects in the pure worship of God, then the same feeling of piety will be seen in all: but when an ungodly king succeeds him, the greater part will immediately fall back again; and when a magistrate neglects his duty, the greater portion of the people will break out into open impiety. I wish there were no proofs of these things; but throughout the world the Lord has designed that there should exist examples of them. This purpose of God ought therefore to be noticed; for he accuses the people of having made themselves too obsequious and pliant. When king Jeroboam set up vicious worship, the people immediately offered themselves as ready to obey: hence impiety became quite open. They then "delighted the king by their wickedness, and the princes by their lies"; as though he said, "They cannot transfer the blame to the king and princes. Why? Because they delighted them by their wickedness; that is, they haltered the king by their wickedness and delighted the princes by their lies." -- John Calvin in a sermon on Hosea 7:3 in Calvin's Commentary on Hosea

The Holy Spirit makes no promise to bless compromises. If we make a treaty with error or sin, we do it at our own risk. If we do anything that we are not clear about, if we tamper with truth or holiness, if we are friends of the world, if we make provision for the flesh, if we preach half-heartedly, if we are in league with errorists, we have no promise that the Holy Spirit will go with us. If you want to know what great things the Lord can do, the Lord Almighty, be separate from the world and from those who apostasize from the truth. The man of God will have nothing to do with Sodom or with false doctrine. If you see anything that is evil, give it the cut direct. Have done with those who have done with truth. -- C.H. Spurgeon

When a citizen gives his suffrage to a man of known immorality he abuses his trust; he sacrifices not only his own interest, but that of his neighbor; he betrays the interest of his country. -- Noah Webster

A Partial Timeline of US History Showing how Liberalization in the Church and Liberalization in the State, has been Paralleled by Advances in the Feminist Movement, and the Overall Decline of American Society

Note: Compiled from the following sources:

Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection.
But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence.
For Adam was first formed, then Eve.
And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.
(1 Timothy 2:11-14)
John Calvin commenting on 1 Timothy 2:11-14
http://www.biblestudyguide.org/comment/calvin/comm_vol43/htm/iii.iv.iv.htm
John Gill commenting on 1 Timothy 2:11
http://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/gills-exposition-of-the-bible/1-timothy-2-11.html

Until the twentieth century, Americans almost universally held to this doctrine of representation in some form or the other. The reason why women were not allowed to vote had nothing to do with women being considered "inferior" or "too emotional" (these values arose during the Victorian era and were themselves theologically and socially deviant), but rather because the husband and father was ASSUMED to represent the family to the broader community. By definition, there could only be ONE representative of the family just as there could only be ONE representative of the Human Race to God!
However, by the end of the 19th century, American Christians had largely stopped thinking in theological terms. Instead, an emotive, subjective religious "experience" (called Pietism), emphasizing individual conversion replaced the comprehensive Christian worldview of the Reformation. As Christians failed to think biblically about all of life, they were unable to withstand either the new philosophies gaining ground in the universities or deal effectively with the changing social conditions of the Industrial Revolution. By the 20th century, American Christians saw the "height" of Christian activism as banning alcohol while at the same time affirming a woman's right to vote. Both ideas were unmitigated disasters; God has not allowed the civil magistrate to outlaw wine and God does not allow women to vote (cf. 1 Tim 2:11ff [1 Timothy 2:11]). But by ignoring God's law, American Christians both destroyed their own credibility (the Prohibition era is STILL a matter of public ridicule and repealing prohibition set the legal precedence for pornography, sodomy and the acceptance of other moral failures), and the integrity of own families.
"In regards to a woman's right to vote; if husband and wife are truly "one flesh" and the husband is doing his duty to represent the family to the wider community, then what PRACTICAL benefit does allowing women to vote provide? If husband and wife agree on an issue, then one has simply doubled the number of votes; but the result is the same. Women's voting only makes a difference when the husband and wife disagree; a wife, who does not trust the judgment of her husband, can nullify his vote. Thus, the immediate consequence is to enshrine the will of the individual OVER the good of the family thus creating divisions WITHIN the family." -- Brian Abshire

It has been observed that when the church is in declension, when she becomes liberal, then men in society also fail in their leadership roles, they begin to show effeminate characteristics. Women simultaneously, out of necessity, must fill the void of leadership. They become more dominant and assume male characteristics and leadership roles. However, both situations are found wanting, and destabilizing to society. The inevitable consequence of effeminate leadership, from male or female, is that society heads into a downward spiral, and the enemies of that society, both within and without, eventually destroy it. The following timeline evidences such a pattern of role reversal and decline in American society.

Opponents to the Nineteenth Amendment argued that society would change if women were given the right to vote. "Opponents warned that women's suffrage would lead to immorality, free love, divorce [and by necessity abortion -- sk], socialism, and anarchism." See, THE FIRST BLAST OF THE TRUMPET AGAINST THE MONSTROUS REGIMENT [GOVERNMENT] OF WOMEN.

The number of abortions performed world-wide reaches 750 million for the 20th Century. Abortion was the 20th Century's biggest killer of mankind worldwide. "Around 43.8 million abortions [2008 figures -- sk] occur each year in the world, with a little under half done unsafely." The 750 million deaths by abortion in the 20th Century also represents more deaths than by wars in all of human history.

The Holy Spirit makes no promise to bless compromises. If we make a treaty with error or sin, we do it at our own risk. If we do anything that we are not clear about, if we tamper with truth or holiness, if we are friends of the world, if we make provision for the flesh, if we preach half-heartedly, if we are in league with errorists, we have no promise that the Holy Spirit will go with us. If you want to know what great things the Lord can do, the Lord Almighty, be separate from the world and from those who apostasize from the truth. The man of God will have nothing to do with Sodom or with false doctrine. If you see anything that is evil, give it the cut direct. Have done with those who have done with truth. -- C.H. Spurgeon

1758 The reunion of the Old Side and the New Side of American Presbyterian Church. "This signaled the end of the influence of Calvinism in American Politics."
1787 There were two conventions in Philadelphia: the Constitution Convention and a convention of the Presbyterian Church.
1787 The U.S. Constitutional Convention places voting qualifications in the hands of the states. Women in all states except New Jersey lose the right to vote.
1788 "In 1787-88, American Presbyterians revised the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) in order to make it conform to the political pluralism that also lay behind the U.S. Constitution, which was being ratified at the same time that the Presbyteries were voting for the revision of the Confession. The Presbyterians removed that clause in Chapter XXIII:3 which had authorized the civil magistrate to call a synod for advice. The resulting confession is known as "The American Version." Changes were also made to chapters 20-4, 22-3, 23-3, 24-4, 25-6 and 31.2 of the original Confession. The American Version is found in A GUIDE TO THE WESTMINSTER STANDARDS: CONFESSION OF FAITH AND LARGER CATECHISM, James Bordwine (Unicoi, TN: The Trinity Foundation, 1996), with the text of the original Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) printed in italics for comparison. These and future revisions removed Christian Magistracy from the Confession (WCF 1646) and essentially emasculated Christianity, and set aside Christ's Crown and Covenant. Conveniently, this removed churchmen and laymen from the battlefront of standing for Christ's Crown and Covenant. From then on American Presbyterians could "have their cake and eat it too." What has followed has been a precipitous decline in American society. Covenanters prescribe to the original Confession of 1646 that upholds Christ's Crown and Covenant. See the topical listing, "The Westminster Confession of Faith (1646), (The Westminster Standards), and Related Works: A Study Guide," which is a Covenanter document. "This was one of the last traces of the theocratic Calvinism of the Scottish Covenanters -- or Calvin's theocratic Calvinism, for that matter." -- Gary North
1788 Ratification: U.S. Constitution, revised Westminster Confession. For a detailed discussion see "Authority: Biblical, Confessional, Ecclesiastical," in CROSSED FINGERS: HOW THE LIBERALS CAPTURED THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
1790 The state of New Jersey grants the vote to "all free inhabitants," including women.
1807 Women lose the right to vote in New Jersey, the last state to revoke the right.
1812 The Theological Seminary of the Presbyterian Church at Princeton, New Jersey, began instruction. "Founded by the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, the seminary held to the Westminster Confession of Faith and Catechisms as its doctrinal standards."
1815 Clarissa Danforth was ordained in New England. She was the first woman ordained by the Free Will Baptist denomination.
1833 The first co-educational institution of higher learning, Oberlin College, is founded in Ohio. It grants women degrees equivalent to those granted men, beginning in 1841.
1837 Women organize the Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women, the first assembly to discuss the rights of women, especially African-American women.
1838 Kentucky gives school suffrage, the right to vote at school meetings, to widows with children of school age.
1838 Iowa becomes the first U.S. state to allow a mother to have sole custody of a child in the event of divorce.
1839 Mississippi is the first U.S. state to give married women limited property rights. Mississippi's Married Women's Property Act 1839 grants married women the right to manage property in their own name.
1848 New York's Married Women's Property Act grants married women separate economy.
1848 On June 14,15, presidential candidate Gerrit Smith makes women's suffrage a plank in the Liberty Party platform at the party's convention in New York.
1848 The Seneca Falls Convention, the first women's rights convention, meets in New York in July. Women's suffrage is proposed by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and agreed to after an impassioned argument from Frederick Douglass.
1849 Elizabeth Blackwell, born in England, becomes the first female medical doctor in the U.S.
1850 Ohio feminists organized a convention in April to start a petition for women's equal legal and political rights, the petition to be presented to the Ohio legislature.
1850California's Married Women's Property Act grants married women separate economy.
1850 Wisconsin's Married Women's Property Act grants married women separate economy.
1850 Oregon allows unmarried women to own land.
1850 The first National Women's Rights Convention was organized by Lucy Stone and Paulina Wright Davis, held in Worcester, Massachusetts, in October.
1852 New Jersey grants married women separate economy.
1856 Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born in Staunton, Virginia, the son of a Presbyterian preacher educated at Princeton.
1857 Maine grants married women the right to control their own earnings.
1859 The U.S. Supreme Court declared in Dred Scott v. Sanford, that slaves are personal property, and are not citizens of any state, or of the United States.
1860 New York passes a revised Married Women's Property Act that gives women shared ownership of their children, allowing them to have a say in their children's wills, wages, and granting them the right to inherit property.
1866 Helenor M. Davison was ordained as a deacon by the North Indiana Conference of the Methodist Protestant Church, probably making her the first ordained woman in the Methodist tradition.
1867 Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Lucy Stone address a subcommittee of the New York State Constitutional Convention requesting that the revised constitution include woman suffrage. Their efforts fail.
1867 Kansas holds a state referendum on whether to enfranchise women and/or black males. Lucy Stone, Susan B. Anthony, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton traverse the state speaking in favor of women suffrage. Both women and black male suffrage is voted down.
1867 The American Equal Rights Association, working for suffrage for both women and African Americans, is formed at the initiative of Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
1869 National Woman's Suffrage Association was founded by Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and others.
1869 Wyoming grants women the right to vote, the first U.S. state to do so.
1869 Arabella Mansfield became the first female lawyer in the United States in 1869, when she was admitted to the Iowa bar.
1870 The Utah Territory grants women the right to vote.
1870 The 15th Amendment to the U. S. Constitution is adopted. The amendment grants suffrage to former male African-American slaves, but not to women.
1870 The Anti-Suffrage Society is formed.
1872 A suffrage proposal before the Dakota Territory legislature loses by one vote.
1872 Susan B. Anthony registers and votes in Rochester, New York, arguing that the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution gives her that right. However, she is arrested a few days later.
1872 Victoria Woodhull runs for president of the U.S., the first woman to do so, as the candidate of the Equal Rights Party.
1873 In 1873 Congress adopted the Comstock Act, which prohibited the importation or mailing of "obscene matter". The law's definition of obscene matter included contraceptives or information about contraception.
1874 In the case of Minor v. Happersett, the Supreme Court rules that the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution does not grant women the right to vote.
1874 There is a referendum in Michigan on women's suffrage, but women's suffrage loses.
1880 Anna Howard Shaw was the first woman ordained in the Methodist Protestant Church, an American church which later merged with other denominations to form the United Methodist Church.
1881 The Supreme Court rules that Native Americans are aliens.
1883 Women in the Washington territory are granted full voting rights.
1885 Woodrow Wilson married Ellen Louise Axson.
1886 All but six U.S. states allow divorce on grounds of cruelty.
1886 In his novel THE BOSTONIANS, Henry James coins the term "Boston marriage" to denote a long-term, co-habiting relationship between two unmarried women.
1886 The suffrage amendment is defeated two to one in the U.S. Senate.
1886 Margaret Woodrow Wilson was born. She was devoted to social causes and "studied the religious classics of India extensively." She became fascinated by the writing of Sri Aurobindo during a visit to the New York City Library. (Ira Richards, The Mother on Aurobindo). "She eventually traveled to Pondicherry, India, [in 1941 -- sk], where she lived in the ashram of Sri Aurobindo, a contemporary of Gandhi." There she was a personal assistant to Aurobindo and The Mother and typed Aurobindo's manuscripts for the IDEAL OF HUMAN UNITY. (Mira Richards, The Mother on Aurobindo).
1887 The federal government abolishes women's suffrage in the Utah Territory with the Edmunds-Tucker Act.
1887 The Supreme Court strikes down the law that enfranchised women in the Washington territory.
1887 In Kansas, women win the right to vote in municipal elections.
1887 Rhode Island becomes the first eastern state to vote on a women's suffrage referendum, but it does not pass.
1889 The Nolin Presbytery of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church ordained Louisa Woosley as the first female minister of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, USA.
1890 Wilson went to Princeton, where he quickly became the most popular and highest-paid faculty member.
1890The National Woman Suffrage Association and the American Woman Suffrage Association merge to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Its first president is Elizabeth Cady Stanton. The focus turns to working at the state level.
1980 A suffrage campaign loses in South Dakota.
1893 After a campaign led by Carrie Chapman Catt, Colorado men vote for women suffrage.
1893 Colorado grants women the right to vote.
1896 On January 4, Utah becomes a state and its constitution providing for women's suffrage takes effect.
1896 Idaho grants women the right to vote.
1902 Wilson "was the unanimous choice to become president of Princeton" University. Margaret Wilson would have been six years old.
1902 Women from ten nations meet in Washington, D.C. to plan an international effort for suffrage. Clara Barton is among the speakers.
1902 The men of New Hampshire vote down a women's suffrage referendum.
1903 Westminster Confession revised again (universal love of God).
1903 Establishment of the Committee on Church Cooperation. "(The final trace was the Confession's assertion that the failure to take an oath to a lawful authority is a sin [XXII:3]. That provision was abandoned in the 1903 revision, and Machen's Orthodox Presbyterian Church did not restore it in 1936). They believed that God's civil covenant could be made on a common-ground confessional basis, without a mandatory covenantal civil oath, operating under a providential natural law order that did not mandate Trinitarian confession. . . . From that time on, Presbyterians became defenders of a secularized republican order." -- Gary North
1906 J. Gresham Machen joins Princeton's faculty.
1908 Federal Council of Churches (FCC) begins, led by Roberts.
1908 Presbyterian Church reorganized.
1910 Emma Smith DeVoe organizes a grassroots campaign in Washington State, where women win suffrage.
1910 Harriet Stanton Blatch's Equality League changes its name to the Women's Political Union. Emulating the grassroots tactics of labor activists, the Women's Political Union organizes America's first large-scale suffrage parade, which is held in New York City.
1910 Washington grants women the right to vote.
1911 California grants women the right to vote.
1912 Oregon, Kansas, and Arizona grant women the right to vote.
1912 Alaska's territorial legislature grants women suffrage.
1912 The 17th Amendment was passed by Congress May 13, 1912, and ratified April 8, 1913. It modified Article I, section 3, of the Constitution by allowing voters to cast direct votes for U.S. Senators. Prior to its passage, Senators were chosen by state legislatures. This seriously weakened the influence of states upon the Federal Government and undermined the "separation of powers" provisions of the U.S. Constitution.
1913 The National Women's Party founded by Alice Paul and others.
1913 Alice Paul becomes the leader of the Congressional Union (CU), a militant branch of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
1913 Alice Paul organizes the women's suffrage parade on the eve of Wilson's inauguration. It is the largest suffrage parade to date and consists of 10,000 people marching down Fifth Avenue in New York City on May 10. The parade is attacked by a mob. Hundreds of women are injured, but no arrests are made.
1913 The Alaskan Territory grants women suffrage.
1913 The presidency and administration of Woodrow Wilson begins (1913-1921). Margaret Wilson would have been 27 years old. See "The Non-duality of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother: A Profile."
1913 Ratification of the 16th Amendment authorizes income tax.
1913 The Federal Reserve System was passed into law.
1913 The 17th Amendment was ratified April 8, 1913.
1914 Montana and Nevada grant women the right to vote.
1914 World War I begins in Europe.
1915 The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom is founded; 25,000 women march in New York City demanding suffrage.
1915 The American Medical Association admits its first women members.
1915 The Woman's Peace Party is organized at a convention in Washington, D.C., in January, a response to the outbreak of World War I in 1914.
1916 The first public birth control clinic opens in Brooklyn, New York. Margaret Sanger is arrested for operating a birth control clinic.
1916 "In June 1916 the Democrats renominated Wilson. Their platform emphasized peace, and argued that Wilson had kept the United States out of the war. The Republicans nominated Charles Evans Hughes, a former governor of New York with an honored record of reform, and an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. On election night Hughes appeared to have had won, but as the returns came in from California in the early morning hours, the race went to Wilson, who won the state by a mere 1983 votes." [Sound similar to Election 2000? Perhaps a recount would have changed Election 1916. -- sk]. The Lucitania was sunk. Wilson then broke his campaign promise to keep the United States out of the war. [For more on the long term impact of Wilson's foreign policy on American history see WILSON'S WAR: HOW WOODROW WILSON'S GREAT BLUNDER LED TO HITLER, LENIN, STALIN, AND WORLD WAR II and THEODORE AND WOODROW: HOW TWO AMERICAN PRESIDENTS DESTROYED CONSTITUTIONAL FREEDOM. For a discussion of the impact of Woodrow Wilson's daughter, Margaret, on international politics see "The Non-duality of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother: A Profile." -- sk]. Americans were not impassioned enough to enlist in the military, and Wilson instituted compulsory conscription." -- Miland Brown in "Woodrow Wilson: A Brief Biography."
1916 Alice Paul and others break away from the National American Woman Suffrage Association and form the National Women's Party.
1916 Woodrow Wilson promises that the Democratic Party Platform will endorse women suffrage.
1916 Montana elects suffragist Jeannette Rankin to the House of Representatives. She is the first woman elected to the U.S. Congress.
1917 New York grants women the right to vote.
1917 Indiana grants women presidential suffrage.
1917 Nebraska grants women presidential suffrage.
1917 North Dakota grants women presidential suffrage.
1917 Michigan grants women presidential suffrage.
1917 Rhode Island grants women presidential suffrage.
1917 The Oklahoma state constitution grants women suffrage.
1917 The South Dakota state constitution grants women suffrage.
1917 United States joins Allies in European fighting in World War I.
1917 Women picket the White House for the right to vote. Margaret Wilson was 31.
1917 The United States declares war on Germany, entering World War I.
1917 Compulsory conscription enacted.
1917 Bolsheviks led by Lenin seize power in Russia.
1918 The Sedition Act of 1918 was passed. Congress repealed the act on December 13, 1920.
1918 World War I ends.
1918 The first two women are admitted to the American Bar Association on August 28 at the organization's annual meeting in Cleveland.
1918 Michigan, South Dakota, and Oklahoma grant women the right to vote.
1918 Alma Bridwell White, head of the Pillar of Fire Church, became the first woman to be a bishop in the United States.
1918 The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which eventually granted women suffrage, passes the U.S. House with exactly a two-thirds vote, but loses by two votes in the Senate. Jeannette Rankin opened debate on it in the House.
1918 President Wilson declares his support for women suffrage.
1919 After President Woodrow Wilson calls a special session of Congress to consider the proposed women's suffrage amendment, the House of Representatives passes it on May 21 and the Senate passes it on June 4.
1919 The National American Woman Suffrage Association holds its convention in St. Louis, where Carrie Chapman Catt rallies to transform the association into the League of Women Voters.
1919 In January, the National Women's Party lights and guards a "Watchfire for Freedom." It is maintained until the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution passes the U.S. Senate on June 4.
1919 The League of Nations is founded [under the Treaty of Versailles "to promote international cooperation and to achieve peace and security." -- sk]. Margaret Wilson was 33 when the League of Nations was formed in 1919, so the philosophy of Sri Aurobindo could have been influential in the founding of the League of Nations. "The League of Natons ceased its activities after failing to prevent the Second World War."
1919 The Communist Party of America is founded.
1919 Benito Mussolini introduces fascism in Italy.
1920 In the case of Hawke v. Smith, anti-suffragists file suit against the Ohio legislature, but the Supreme Court upholds the constitutionality of Ohio's ratification process.
1920 Women win the right to vote with ratification of the 19th Amendment. On August 18, Tennessee becomes the 36th state to ratify the women's suffrage amendment. It becomes the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and takes effect a few days later.
1920 The sale of alcoholic beverages is banned under the 18th Amendment; Prohibition begins.
1920 The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is founded by Roger Baldwin, Crystal Eastman, Albert DeSilver, and others, some of whom were avowed Communists.
1921 Margaret Sanger establishes the American Birth Control League, the predecessor of Planned Parenthood.
1921 Woodrow Wilson's presidency ends March 3, 1921.
1922 Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is established.
1922 Mussolini is named prime minister of Italy.
1922 Rebecca L. Felton, from Georgia, is appointed the first woman U.S. Senator.
1923 Machen's CHRISTIANITY AND LIBERALISM, was published. The Pew Charitable Trust sent a copy to every pastor in America.
1923 Adolf Hitler forms National Socialist Party in Germany.
1924 The first U.S. gay rights organization, the Society for Human Rights, is founded in Chicago.
1924 Joseph Stalin succeeds Lenin as leader of Soviet Union.
1924 New Chinese government is formed with communist members.
1925 John T. Scopes is convicted of teaching the theory of evolution. Tennessee bans the teaching of evolution.
1925 Nellie Tayloe [sic] Ross of Wyoming becomes the first female governor, elected in November 1924 to succeed her husband, who died in October.
1929 Princeton Theological Seminary was reorganized under modernist influences.
1929 "Almost immediately after Princeton's reorganization, these four men [Robert Dick Wilson, J. Gresham Machen, Oswald T. Allis, and Cornelius Van Til -- sk] founded Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia, and, with others who were invited to join the teaching staff [among them J. Gresham Machen, Charles Hodge, Archibald Alexander, and B.B. Warfield -- sk], continued the exposition and defense of the Reformed faith." -- Westminster Theological Seminary
1929 The stock market crashes, beginning the Great Depression.
1930 A predecessor church of the Presbyterian Church (USA) ordained its first female as an elder.
1933 President Franklin Roosevelt closes all U.S. banks.
1933 New Deal legislation is passed including the establishment of the National Recovery Administration and the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA).
1933 The 21st Amendment, ending Prohibition, is passed.
1933 Frances Perkins becomes the first woman appointed to the U.S. Cabinet. She serves as Secretary of Labor until 1945.
1935 President Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act.
1941 Margaret Wilson, at age 55, "traveled to Pondicherry, India, where she lived in the ashram of Sri Aurobindo, a contemporary of Gandhi." There she was a personal assistant to Aurobindo and The Mother [see "The Non-duality of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother: A Profile." -- sk], and she typed Aurobindo's manuscripts for the IDEAL OF HUMAN UNITY. (Mira Richards, The Mother on Aurobindo)
1941 The Japanese attack Pearl Harbor on December 7, bringing the United States into World War II. It appears to have been the biggest conspiracy in American history. See also: DAY OF DECEIT: THE TRUTH ABOUT FDR AND PEARL HARBOR.
1941 Jeanette Rankin, a Republican and a pacifist, is the only member of Congress to vote against declaring war on Japan following the attack on Peal Harbor.
1942 The United States enters World War II.
1942 The Manhattan Project begins developing the atomic bomb.
1943 The Women's Army Corps (WAC), becomes a branch of the U.S. Armed Forces on July 1. Its director is Oveta Culp Hobby.
1944 Wilson's, oldest child, Margaret Woodrow Wilson died at age 58. She "never married, she died of uremia on April 24, 1944 [about three years after first arriving -- sk], and is buried in the Protestant cemetery at the ashram in Pondicherry." See "The Non-duality of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother: A Profile."
1945 Roosevelt dies. Truman becomes President. The first atomic bomb is exploded at Alamogordo, New Mexico.
1945 The United States drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
1945 Representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. Because Margaret Wilson was devoted to social causes, and because she was the daughter of Woodrow Wilson, who was President during the formation of the League of Nations in 1919 (she was then 33), it could be expected that the philosophy of Sri Aurobindo as expressed in THE IDEAL OF HUMAN UNITY (which Margaret typed for Sri Aurobindo as his personal assistant between 1941-1944. See "1941"), may also have been influential in the formation of the United Nations. It was published under the same cover with Aurobindo's WAR AND SELF DETERMINATION.
1945 The United Nations Charter is adopted.
1946 The Atomic Energy Commission is formed.
1947 The Cold War begins.
1947 The Department of Defense is created.
1947 The Central Intelligence agency (CIA) and the National Security Council are established under the National Security Act.
1948 The 1948 Women's Armed Services Integration Act establishes defined roles for women in the peacetime armed forces of the United States. They had previously only been allowed to serve as nurses in peacetime, and in wider variety of roles only in time of war.
1949 The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NAT0) is formed by the United States, Canada, and ten European nations.
1950 Senator Joseph McCarthy accuses State Department employees of Communist party affiliations.
1950 The United States sends 35 military advisers, and agrees to give military and economic aid to South Vietnam.
1950 Burnita Shelton Matthews, nominated in 1949 by President Harry S. Truman, becomes the first female U.S. District Court judge.
1951 The Mattachine Society, an early gay rights organization, is formed in California.
1951 Atomic energy is first used to generate electricity in the United States.
1952 The United States explodes the world's first hydrogen bomb.
1952 The Immigration and Naturalization Act is passed, lifting the last racial and ethnic barriers to naturalization.
1953 Truman Administration ends January 20, 1953.
1954 Seven thousand square miles of the Pacific are irradiated by a Bikini Island hydrogen bomb test, which contaminates Japanese fishermen.
1954 The Senate censures Joseph McCarthy.
1955 The United States agrees to help train the South Vietnamese army.
1956 The Presbyterian Church (USA) ordained its first female minister, Margaret Towner.
1957 Congress approves the first bill protecting blacks' right to vote since the Reconstruction era.
1960 The Flemming Rule of 1960, named after Arthur Flemming, was an administrative ruling which decreed that U.S. states could not deny income assistance eligibility through the U.S. Aid to Families with Dependent Children program on the basis of a home being considered unsuitable per the woman's children being termed as illegitimate.
1960 The FDA approved America's first commercially produced birth-control bill, Enovid-10, made by the G.D. Searle Company of Chicago, Illinois.
1962 SILENT SPRING, by Rachel Carson, is published, launching the environmental movement.
1962 The Supreme Court bars school prayer.
1962 Helen Gurley Brown publishes an advice book, SEX AND THE SINGLE GIRL, that encourages women to become financially independent and experience sexual relationships before or without marriage. It sells two million copies in three weeks.
1962 Lucille Ball becomes the first woman to run a major television studio, Desilu Productions, which she founded with her husband Desi Arnaz in 1952.
1963 The report of the Presidential Commission on the Status of Women finds discrimination against women in every aspect of American life and outlines plans to achieve equality. Specific recommendations for women in the workplace included fair hiring practices, paid maternity leave, and affordable childcare.
1963 The Supreme Court bars mandatory Bible reading in public schools.
1963 Betty Friedan's THE FEMININE MYSTIQUE is published. A best-seller, it lays the groundwork for the second-wave feminist movement in the U.S.
1963 President Kennedy is assassinated. He was in favor of auditing the Federal Reserve.
1963 Lyndon Johnston become President on November 22, 1963.
1963 The United States enters the Vietnamese Conflict.
1964 A Civil Rights Act is passed by Congress.
1964 Addie Davis became the first Southern Baptist woman to be ordained. However, the Southern Baptist Convention stopped ordaining women in 2000, although existing female pastors are allowed to continue their jobs.
1965 The U.S. Supreme Court case Griswold v. Connecticut struck down the one remaining state law banning the use of contraceptives by married couples.
1965 Rachel Henderlite became the first woman ordained in the Presbyterian Church in the United States. She was ordained by the Hanover Presbytery in Virginia.
1965 The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) appointed commissioners to enforce the Civil Rights Act, including one woman, Aileen Hernandez, a future president of the National Organization for Women.
1965 The Supreme Court holds that the "right of privacy" covers the use of contraceptives.
1966 Twenty-eight women, among them Betty Friedan, found the National Organization for Women (NOW) to function as a civil rights organization for women. Friedan becomes its first president.
1967 Executive Order 11375 expands President Johnson's 1965 affirmative action policy to cover discrimination based on sex, resulting in federal agencies and contractors taking active measures to ensure that all women as well as minorities have access to educational and employment opportunities equal to white males.
1967 Women's liberation groups spring up all over the U.S.
1967 NOW begins petitioning the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to end sex-segregated want ads and adopts a Bill of Rights for Women.
1967 Senator Eugene McCarthy introduces the Equal Rights Amendment in the U.S. Senate.
1967New York Radical Women is formed by Shulamith Firestone and Pam Allen.
1968 Coretta Scott King assumes leadership of the African-American Civil Rights Movement following the death of her husband, and expands the movement's platform to include women's rights.
1968 The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) issues revised guidelines on sex discrimination, making it clear that the widespread practice of publishing "help wanted" advertisements that use "male" and "female" column headings violates Title VII.
1968 The first public speak out against abortion laws is held in New York City.
1968 King v. Smith, 392 U.S. 309 (1968), was a decision in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that U.S. Aid to Families with Dependent Children could not be withheld because of the presence of a "substitute father" who visited a family on weekends.
1969 The Johnston Administration ends January 20, 1969.
1969 The Stonewall Rebellion, at a bar in New York City, starts the modern gay rights movement.
1969 The National Association for the Repeal of Abortion Laws (NARAL), later NARAL Pro-Choice America, is founded.
1969California becomes the first state to adopt a "no fault" divorce law, allowing couples to divorce by mutual consent. By 2010 every state has adopted a similar law.
1969 California also passes legislation regarding equal division of common property.
1969 Weeks v. Southern Bell was an important sex discrimination case in which Lorena Weeks claimed that Southern Bell had violated her rights under the 1964 Civil Rights Act when they denied her application for promotion to a higher paying position because she was a woman. She was represented in the case by Sylvia Roberts, a National Organization for Women attorney. She lost the initial case but won in 1969 after several appeals. Weeks v. Southern Bell was an important case as it marked the first victory in which NOW used the Civil Rights Act to fight gender-based discrimination.
1970 On November 22, 1970, Elizabeth Alvina Platz became the first woman ordained by the Lutheran Church in America, and as such was the first woman ordained by any Lutheran denomination in America. The first woman ordained by the American Lutheran Church, Barbara Andrews, was ordained in December 1970. On January 1, 1988 the Lutheran Church in America, the American Lutheran Church, and the Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches merged to form the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, which continues to ordain women. 1970 On August 26, the 50th anniversary of women's suffrage in the U.S., tens of thousands of women across the nation participate in the Women's Strike for Equality, organized by Betty Friedan, to demand equal rights.
1970 The Environmental Protection Agency is established.
1970 The first two U.S. women generals are named by President Nixon.
1971 The U.S. Supreme Court rules for the first time in Reed v. Reed that the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment prohibits differential treatment based on sex. The plaintiffs' brief is authored by Ruth Bader Ginsburg, later an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.
1971 The 26th Amendment is ratified, lowering the national voting age from 21 to 18. Youth, lacking education and life experience, usually begin thinking liberally, then with years become more conservative.
1971 United States v. Vuitch, 402 U.S. 62 (1971) was a United States Supreme Court abortion rights case, which held that the District of Columbia's abortion law banning the practice except when necessary for the health or life of the woman was not unconstitutionally vague.
1972 The Senate approves a constitutional amendment [the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) -- sk] barring discrimination against women because of their sex, and sends the measure to the states to ratify.
1972 The Supreme Court rules the death penalty unconstitutional. This ruling was later reversed in 1976.
1972 Sally Priesand became the first female rabbi to be ordained in Reform Judaism, and also the first female rabbi in the world to be ordained by any theological seminary.
1972 Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 becomes law, prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded education programs, including public schools and public colleges. The Amendments also expand the Equal Pay Act to cover executives, administrators, outside sales people, and professionals.
1972 The National Women's Political Caucus is founded.
1972 In San Francisco, Margo St. James organizes Call Off Your Old Tired Ethics (COYOTE) to improve the working conditions of prostitutes.
1972 STOP ERA, now known as Eagle Forum, was founded in the U.S. by Phyllis Schlafly in October 1972, and lobbied successfully to block the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment in the USA.
1972 Eisenstadt v. Baird, 405 U.S. 438 (1972), is a United States Supreme Court case that established the right of unmarried people to possess contraception on the same basis as married couples and, by implication, the right of unmarried couples to engage in potentially nonprocreative sexual intercourse (though not the right of unmarried people to engage in any type of sexual intercourse). The Court struck down a Massachusetts law prohibiting the distribution of contraceptives to unmarried people, ruling that it violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution.
1972 The Women's Rights Project at the American Civil Liberties Union was founded.
1973 In the Roe v. Wade decision the Supreme Court rules that a state may not prevent a woman from having an abortion during the first six months of pregnancy. [Notice The Supreme Court's double-standard on human life. They rule the death penalty as unconstitutionality in 1972, then they legalized the murder of the unborn in 1973. The court then repealed the decision on the death penalty in 1976. -- sk]
1973 The U.S. Supreme Court holds that sex-segregated help wanted ads are illegal in Pittsburgh Press Co. v. Pittsburgh Commission on Human Relations.
1973 Congress overrides Nixon's veto of the War Powers Act, which curbs a president's power to commit armed forces to hostilities abroad without congressional approval.
1973 The National Black Feminist Organization is formed.
1973 At the annual meeting of the Southern Baptist Church, delegates passed a resolution espousing male superiority. It read in part: "Man was not made for woman, but the woman for the man. Woman is the glory of man. Woman would not have existed without man."
1974 The Women's Campaign Fund was formed for the purpose of "electing qualified progressive women of both parties to public office at every level." It was the first national political action committee with the specific goal of funding women's campaigns.
1974 The Mexican-American Women's National Association is founded.
1974 The Women's Educational Equity Act (WEEA) of 1974 is enacted to promote educational equity for girls and women, including those who suffer multiple discrimination based on gender and on race, ethnicity, national origin, disability, or age, and to provide funds to help education agencies and institutions meet the requirements of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972.
1974 Sandy Eisenberg Sasso became the first female rabbi to be ordained in Reconstructionist Judaism.
1974 The Philadelphia Eleven were ordained into the Priesthood of the Episcopal Church of the U.S.A.
1975 Barbara Ostfeld-Horowitz was ordained as the first female cantor in Reform Judaism.
1975 Joan Little, who was raped by a guard while in jail, is acquitted of murdering her offender. The case established a precedent for rape as self-defense against the charge of murder.
1975 The United States Armed Forces opens its military academies to women.
1975 Time names American Women as its Time Person of the Year for 1975. It says: "Feminism has transcended the feminist movement. In 1975 the women's drive penetrated every layer of society, matured beyond ideology to a new status of general, and sometimes unconscious, acceptance."
1975 Ella T. Grasso becomes Governor of Connecticut, the first female governor who does not succeed her husband in office.
1975 Vice President Rockefeller's blue-ribbon panel uncovers illegal CIA operations, including records on 300,000 person and groups, and infiltration by agents into black, antiwar, and political movements.
1976 The American Coalition of Labor Union Women is founded.
1976 Planned Parenthood v. Danforth, 428 U.S. 52 (1976) is a United States Supreme Court case on abortion. The plaintiffs challenged the constitutionality of a Missouri statute regulating abortion. The Court upheld the right to have an abortion, declaring unconstitutional the statute's requirement of prior written consent from a parent (in the case of a minor) or a spouse (in the case of a married woman).
1976 Congresswoman Barbara Charline Jordan of Texas, the first African-American congresswoman to come from the Deep South, delivers the keynote address to the Democratic National Convention.
1976 Bellotti v. Baird (1976), 428 U.S. 132 (1976), was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court upheld a Massachusetts law requiring parental consent to a minor's abortion, which provided that "if one or both of the [minor]'s parents refuse . . . consent, consent may be obtained by order of a judge . . . for good cause shown.
1977 The first National Women's Conference is held in Houston. Some 20,000 women from all over the country pass a National Plan of Action.
1977 On January 1, 1977, Jacqueline Means became the first woman ordained to the priesthood in the Episcopal Church. Eleven (11) women were "irregularly" ordained to the priesthood in Philadelphia on July 29, 1974, before church laws were changed to permit women's ordination. They are often called the "Philadelphia 11". Church laws were changed on September 16, 1976.
1977 Pauli Murray became the first African American woman to be ordained as an Episcopal priest in 1977.
1977 The first women pilots of the United States Air Force graduate.
1977 Beal v. Doe, 432 U.S. 438 (1977), was a United States Supreme Court case that concerned the disbursement of federal funds in Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania statute restricted federal funding to abortion clinics. The Supreme Court ruled states are not required to treat abortion in the same manner as potential motherhood. The opinion of the Court left the central holding of the Roe v. Wade decision -- abortion as a right -- intact.
1978 The Equal Rights Amendment fell three states short of ratification.
1979 The Three Mile Island nuclear power plant has a near meltdown. 110,000 demonstrate in Washington, DC.
1979 Bellotti v. Baird (1979), 443 U.S. 622 (1979) is a United States Supreme Court case that ruled that teenagers do not have to secure parental consent to obtain an abortion.
1979 The Reformed Church in America started ordaining women as ministers. Women had been admitted to the offices of deacon and elder in 1972.
1979 Colautti v. Franklin, 439 U.S. 379 (1979) was a United States Supreme Court abortion rights case, which held void for vagueness part of Pennsylvania's 1974 Abortion Control Act. The section in question was the following:
Every person who performs or induces an abortion shall prior thereto have made a determination based on his experience, judgment, or professional competence that the fetus is not viable, and if the determination is that the fetus is viable or if there is sufficient reason to believe that the fetus may be viable, shall exercise that degree of professional skill, care and diligence to preserve the life and health of the fetus which such person would be required to exercise in order to preserve the life and health of any fetus intended to be born and not aborted, and the abortion technique employed shall be that which would provide the best opportunity for the fetus to be aborted alive so long as a different technique would not be necessary in order to preserve the life or health of the mother.
1981 Ronald Reagan Administration begins.
1981 Sandra Day O'Connor is appointed the first woman Supreme Court Justice.
1981 The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) lapses without ratification.
1981 Ann M. Gorsuch becomes the first Cabinet-level administrator to be cited for contempt of Congress for refusing to turn over documents from the Environmental Protection Agency.
1982 The Supreme Court bars posting of the Ten Commandments in schools.
1983 The Supreme Court holds that the Internal Revenue Service can deny tax exemption to private schools that practice racial discrimination.
1984 Geraldine A. Ferraro is the first woman candidate on a major party ticket to run for Vice President.
1985 Amy Eilberg became the first female rabbi to be ordained in Conservative Judaism.
1986 U.S. officials announce that AIDS cases and deaths will increase tenfold in the next five years.
1986 Thornburgh v. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 476 U.S. 747 (1986) was a United States Supreme Court case involving a challenge to Pennsylvania's Abortion Control Act of 1982. In the case the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists sought an injunction to all enforcement of the Pennsylvania law. Although the law in question was similar to the one in City of Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health, in Thornburgh the Reagan administration asked the justices to overrule Roe v. Wade, but they did not.
1986 A LESSER LIFE, THE MYTH OF WOMEN'S LIBERATION IN AMERICA, Sylvia Hewlett's antifeminist book, was published.
1987 Robert Bork is nominated by President Reagan to the Supreme Court, but withdraws in the face of strong opposition.
1989 The Reagan Administration ends.
1989 Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 (1992) was a case decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in which the constitutionality of several Pennsylvania state regulations regarding abortion were challenged. The Court's plurality opinion upheld the constitutional right to have an abortion, and altered the standards for analyzing restrictions of that right, invalidating one regulation but upholding the other four.
1992 On November, an 8 to 7 majority of the Presidential Commission on the Assignment of Women in the Armed Forces recommended that women in the armed forces not be allowed to fly combat missions or engage in ground combat.
1992 The U.S. Senate votes overwhelmingly to open combat positions to women aviators.
1992 The November elections in what is popularly termed the "Year of the Woman" produce victories for four women in races for U.S. Senate seats, who in 1993 join the two already there.
1993 President Clinton touches off controversy with his attempt to end the ban on homosexuals in the military.
1993 Janet Reno becomes the first female U.S. Attorney General, after it is learned that both of President Bill Clinton's previous choices, Zoe Baird and Kimba Wood, had employed illegal immigrants as nannies.
1993 Ruth Bader Ginsburg appointed to the Supreme Court.
1993 Suspect arrested in bombing that killed six at the World Trade Center in New York City.
1993 The John Birch Society experienced a "tidal wave of growth, recruiting averaged 79 percent higher than in 1993, literature sales in 1994 were double that of two years earlier, and subscriptions to The New American doubled in 25 months."
1993 Marital rape is outlawed nationwide.
1993 Elaine Donnelly established the Center for Military Readiness, to provide research in opposition to increased roles for women in the military and any combat role for women.
1994 Congress votes protection for women's health clinics. The Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act (FACE, or the Access Act, Pub. L. No. 103-259, 108 Stat. 694, May 26, 1994, 18 U.S.C. § 248) is a United States law that was signed by President Bill Clinton in May 1994, which prohibits the following three things: (1) the use of physical force, threat of physical force, or physical obstruction to intentionally injure, intimidate, interfere with or attempt to injure, intimidate or interfere with any person who is obtaining reproductive health services or providing reproductive health services (this portion of the law typically refers to abortion clinics), (2) the use of physical force, threat of physical force, or physical obstruction to intentionally injure, intimidate, interfere with or attempt to injure, intimidate or interfere with any person who is exercising or trying to exercise their First Amendment right of religious freedom at a place of religious worship, (3) the intentional damage or destruction of a reproductive health care facility or a place of worship.
1994 The Gender Equity in Education Act becomes law in the U.S. It bans sex-role stereotyping and gender discrimination in the classroom.
1994 The Violence Against Women Act becomes law.
1994 National Organization for Women v. Scheidler, 510 U.S. 249 (1994), is a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) could apply to enterprises without economic motives; pro-life protesters could thus be prosecuted under it. An organization without an economic motive can still affect interstate or foreign commerce and thus satisfy the Act's definition of a racketeering enterprise.
1995 Appeals court upholds woman's plea to enter Citadel military academy.
1995 The Sligo Seventh-day Adventist Church in Takoma Park, Maryland, ordained three women in violation of the denomination's rules -- Kendra Haloviak, Norma Osborn, and Penny Shell.
1996 President Clinton blocks ban on late-term abortions.
1996 Clinton appoints Madeleine Albright as first female U.S. Secretary of State.
1996 President William Clinton is re-elected for a second term; Reproductive rights and gun control are campaign issues; Repeated attempt to outlaw partial-birth abortion failed in Congress during the Clinton administrations.
1996 In United States v. Virginia, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that the male-only admissions policy of the state-supported Virginia Military Institute violates the 14th Amendment.
1997 Sparked by a global economic crisis scare, the Dow Jones Industrial Average follows world markets and plummets 554.26, or 7.18 percent.
1998 The Monica Lewinsky scandal begins when U.S. President Bill Clinton denies his relationship with the White House intern in a televised interview. This denial, and other denials to a grand jury investigation, would lead to the impeachment of the president.
1999 President Bill Clinton is acquitted by the U.S. Senate in the Monica Lewinsky scandal. The Senate trial, which began January 7 and needed a 2/3 majority to convict, ended with a 55-45 not guilty vote on the charge of perjury and 50-50 vote on the charge of obstruction of justice.
1999 A United States House of Representatives appropriations bill (HR 2490) that contained an amendment specifically permitting breast-feeding was signed into law on September 29, 1999; it stipulated that no government funds may be used to enforce any prohibition on women breast-feeding their children in federal buildings or on federal property. A federal law enacted in 1999 specifically provides that "a woman may breast-feed her child at any location in a federal building or on federal property, if the woman and her child are otherwise authorized to be present at the location."
2000 Approximately 35 million American children have been killed in the womb since Roe v. Wade in 1973. Approximately 35 million aliens have entered the United States since 1973.
2000Stenberg v. Carhart, 530 U.S. 914 (2000), is a case heard by the Supreme Court of the United States dealing with a Nebraska law which made performing "partial-birth abortion" illegal, without regard for the health of the mother. Nebraska physicians who performed the procedure contrary to the law were subject to having their medical licenses revoked. The Court struck down the law, finding the Nebraska statute criminalizing "partial-birth abortion[s]" violated the Due Process Clause of the United States Constitution, as interpreted in Planned Parenthood v. Casey and Roe v. Wade.
2000 No clear winner is declared in the close presidential election contest between Vice President Al Gore and Texas governor George W. Bush. More than a month after the presidential election, the U.S. Supreme Court rules against a manual recount of ballots in certain Florida counties, which it contends would violate the Constitution's equal protection and due process guarantees. The decision provokes enormous controversy, with critics maintaining that the Court has in effect determined the outcome of the election.
2001 Two hijacked jetliners ram twin towers of World Trade Center in worst terrorist attack against U.S. A third hijacked plane flies into the Pentagon, and a fourth crashes in rural Pennsylvania. More than 3,000 people die in the attacks on September 11.
2001 Americans are still unable to overturn Roe v. Wade apparently due to liberal Supreme Court Justices, appointed by liberal Presidents, elected by a liberal electorate composed of 50 percent women voters and the youth vote. Two of the Justices are women.
2002 President Bush signs legislation creating a new cabinet department of Homeland Security.
2003 War waged by the U.S. and Britain against Iraq begins.
2004 McCorvey v. Hill, 385 F.3d 846 (5th Cir. 2004), was a case in which the principal original litigant in Roe v. Wade, (1973) Norma McCorvey, also known as 'Jane Roe', requested the overturning of Roe. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit ruled that McCorvey could not do this; the United States Supreme Court denied certiorari on February 22, 2005, rendering the opinion of the Fifth Circuit final.
2005 Hurricane Katrina wreaks catastrophic damage on Mississippi and Louisiana. 80 percent of New Orleans is flooded. All levels of government are criticized for the delayed and inadequate response to the disaster.
2006 The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that the population of the United States has reached 300 million.
2007 California Democrat Nancy Pelosi becomes the first woman Speaker of the House of Representatives.
2008 The number of abortions performed world-wide reaches 750 million for the 20th Century. Abortion was the 20th Century's biggest killer of mankind worldwide. "Around 43.8 million abortions [2008 figures -- sk] occur each year in the world, with a little under half done unsafely." The 750 million deaths by abortion in the 20th Century represents more deaths than by wars in all of human history.
2008 Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be elected President, with 52.8 percent of the vote. Political analysts state he would not have been elected if it had not been for the women's vote.
2008 After months of unraveling, the economy finally comes crashing down in 2008, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average tumbling 4.4 percent in one day, Lehman Brothers filing for bankruptcy, and Bush putting mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac under government conservatorship.
2008 Diana Bijon's husband takes her last name upon marriage, taking advantage of a law enacted in California allowing spouses and registered domestic partners to take either's last name. The law was passed after the couple had sued for the right to so.
2008 Sarah Palin is the first female vice presidential nominee of the Republican Party.
2009 President Obama signs the $787 billion stimulus package into law. The President's hope is that the package will create 3.5 million jobs for Americans in the next two years.
2009 Insurance giant American International Group (AIG) reports a $61.7 billion loss for the fourth quarter of 2008. A.I.G. lost $99.3 billion in 2008. The federal government, which has already provided the company with a $60 billion loan, will be giving A.I.G. an additional $30 billion. Nearly 80 percent of A.I.G. is now owned by the Federal Government.
2009 The Senate approves, 68 to 31, the nomination of Sonia Sotomayor to the U.S. Supreme Court. She's the first Hispanic Supreme Court Justice, and the third woman to serve on the Court.
2009 The Mexico City Policy, a United States government policy that required all non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that receive federal funding to refrain from performing or promoting abortion services as a method of family planning with non-U.S. government funds in other countries, was rescinded by President Obama.
2009 The White House Council on Women and Girls, a council which forms part of the Office of Intergovernmental Affairs, is established by Executive Order 13506 on March 11, 2009, with a broad mandate to advise the United States President on issues relating to the welfare of women and girls.
2010 With the October 16, 2010, ordination of Margaret Lee, in the Peoria-based Diocese of Quincy, Illinois, women have been ordained as priests in all 110 dioceses of the Episcopal Church in the United States.
2010 The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), commonly called the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or ObamaCare, was enacted March 23.
2010 An explosion and fire on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico sends millions of gallons of oil into the sea. The spill kills 11 and is the largest off-shore spill in U.S. history, as well as one of the largest spills in world history.
2010 The United States Senate votes 63 to 37 to confirm President Obama's most recent nominee to the U.S. Supreme Court, Elena Kagan, as the newest Justice. Kagan is only the fourth woman to ever hold this position, and she'll be the third female member of the current bench, joining Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Sonia Sotomayor. Kagan is the former dean of Harvard Law School. She will be the only member of the current Supreme Court to have no previous experience as a judge.
2010 The Senate votes 65 to 31 in favor of repealing Don't Ask, Don't Tell, the Clinton-era military policy that forbids openly gay men and women from serving in the military. Eight Republicans side with the Democrats to strike down the ban."
2011 The Obama Administration determines that the Defense of Marriage Act is unconstitutional. The Justice Department will stop defending the law in court.
2011 For the first time in history, the U.S. has its credit rating lowered. Credit agency Standard & Poor's lowered the nation's credit rating from the top grade of AAA to AA+, removing the U.S. from its list of risk-free borrowers.
2011 The Evangelical Presbyterian Church's 31st General Assembly voted to allow congregations to call women to ordained ministry, even if their presbytery (governing body) objects for theological or doctrinal reasons. Such congregations will be allowed to leave the objecting presbytery (such as the Central South, which includes Memphis) and join an adjacent one that permits the ordination of women.
2011 The American Catholic Church in the United States, ACCUS, ordained their first woman priest, Kathleen Maria MacPherson, on June 12, 2011. She is now the pastor of the St. Oscar Romero Pastoral and Outreach Center in El Paso, Texas / Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico.
2012 Barack Hussein Obama is re-elected President, narrowly defeating Republican nominee Mitt Romney. Again political analysts state that it was the female vote that put him back in office.
2012 Key victories for the Democrats include a win for Tammy Baldwin in Wisconsin. Her victory makes her the first openly gay candidate to capture a seat in the Senate.
2012 The Pentagon announces that women will now be permanently assigned to battalions. Many women already serve in those battalions due to demand in Iraq and Afghanistan. The new ruling only makes these job assignments official and upholds the ban on women serving in combat.
2012 Planned Parenthood v. Rounds (686 F.3d 889 (8th Cir. 2012) (en banc)) was a decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit that upheld a provision of a South Dakota law that requires a doctor to inform a patient, prior to providing an abortion, that one of the "known medical risks of the procedure and statistically significant risk factors" is an "increased risk of suicide ideation and suicide."
2013 Edward Snowden, a former CIA employee, comes forward and admits that he is the source of the recent NSA leaks.
2013 The Guardian receives information that reveals that the National Security Agency (NSA) is using PRISM to spy on the web activities, including email, of U.S. citizens. Through PRISM, a clandestine national security surveillance program, the NSA has direct access to Facebook, YouTube, Skype, Google, Apple, Yahoo and other websites. The Guardian publishes a report on another NSA tool called Boundless Informant, used by the U.S. government to watch activity in every country in the world. President Obama confirms the existence of PRISM and its use to spy on the online activity of U.S. citizens.
2013 On April 5, 2013, Judge Edward R. Korman in Brooklyn, New York, ordered the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to make the morning-after birth control pill available to people of any age without a prescription. Korman ordered the FDA to lift any age and sale restrictions on Plan B One-Step, and its generic versions, within 30 days.
2014 The number of abortions performed in the United States since Roe v. Wade reaches 56 million American babies from 1973 to 2014, and the annual rate continues at 1.2 million babies a year.
2015 The U.S. Supreme Court legalized same sex marriage in a 5-4 decision. Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote the majority opinion, and was joined by the court's four liberal justices: Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen G. Breyer, Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.
2015 The Obama administration issued a new rule stating that a closely held for-profit company that objects to covering contraception in its health plan can write a letter to the Department of Health and Human Services stating its objection, and that the Department will then notify a third-party insurer of the company's objection, and the insurer will provide birth control coverage to the company's female employees at no additional cost to the company.
2015 A policy update required all Indian Health Services-run pharmacies, clinics, and emergency departments to have Plan B One-Step in stock, to distribute it to any woman (or her representative) who asked for it without a prescription, age verification, registration or any other requirement, to provide orientation training to all staff regarding the medication, to provide unbiased and medically accurate information about emergency contraception, and to make someone available at all times to distribute the pill in case the primary staffer objected to providing it on religious or moral grounds.
2015 Defense Secretary Ash Carter stated that starting in 2015 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints appointed women to its executive councils for the first time. The church appointed Linda K. Burton, president of the Relief Society, Rosemary Wixom, president of the Primary, and Bonnie L. Oscarson, president of the Young Women's organization, to three high-level church councils (one woman to each).
2016 All combat jobs would open to women.
2016 The Federal debt hits $19 trillion. "President Obama took office with the debt at $10.6 trillion, and has added more than $8 trillion during his seven years in the White House -- a record pace that the Congressional Budget Office says is likely to continue."
2016 It is reported that 84 percent of young people voted for the openly socialist Bernie Sanders in the Iowa caucus, February 1. Obama was reelected by the female and youth voters in 2012.
2016 With 94 percent reporting, The Democratic candidate, Bernie Sanders, wins the New Hampshire primary election with 60.0 percent of the vote (13 delegates). On the Republican side, Trump won with 35.3 percent of the vote (10 delegates). Essentially, 60.0 percent of the electorate, the female and youth voters (18-20), voted for a socialist, something that world history clearly contrainticates as self-destructive. Of course, New Hampshire is one of our most liberal states.

Sanctity of Life is the basis of Western Civilization. In the Abortion Holocaust we are witnessing the destruction of Western Civilization. -- D. James Kennedy

Therefore, men who abort their children, women who abort their children, and abortion providers should be barred from voting in public elections, just as convicted murders are barred from voting.

Therefore, pro-abortion public officials and judges should be impeached promptly.

"George Barna reviewed more than a dozen national surveys related to matters of faith conducted by the Barna Research Group during 2000 and devised three lists of faith-related survey results - particularly noteworthy insights. . ."
Surveys showed the following results:

Voting place exit polls during the 2000 presidential election indicated that, in generally, men voted for George W. Bush and women voted for Al Gore.

The Journal of the American Medical Association reported (early 2001) a study of 247 women who died in pregnancy in the state of Maryland. The leading cause of death during pregnancy was murder. Twenty-one percent of the women studied were murdered.

Uncondoned carnal knowledge blasts lives and destoys souls.

Critchlow, Donald T. (editor), The Politics of Abortion and Birth Control in Historical Perspective (Issues in Policy History, No 5. Pennsylvania State Univ Pr), ISBN: 0271015705 9780271015705.

Flexner, Eleanor, Century of Struggle: The Woman's Rights Movement in the United States, revised edition (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1975).
"The single best history of the US suffrage movement. This recent paperback edition of CENTURY OF STRUGGLE, Eleanor Flexner's classic history of women's suffrage, has a splendid new introduction by her friend and collaborator Ellen Fitzpatrick, who relates the major events in Flexner's own life to Flexner's deep understanding of the complex social and political problem confronting 19th- and early 20th-century American suffragists. There is no better account than Flexner's of the dogged determination of US women to achieve their political aims, or of the genius of their political inventiveness in a time in which both law and custom were against women's full participation in civic life. The achievement of the vote for women was extraordinarily difficult, infinitely more so than most people realize. . . ." -- Reader Comment

*GOODMAN, CHRISTOPHER, How Superior Powers Ought to be Obeyed of Their Subjects: And Wherein They May Lawfully by God's Word be Disobeyed and Resisted, 1558. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #26, ISBN: 0921148224 9780921148227. Available on Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library. Available on Puritan Bookshelf CD #2.
"From 1555 to 1558, Christopher Goodman served as co-pastor, with John Knox, of the congregation of English exiles in Geneva. During the course of his ministry, Goodman preached upon Acts 4:19 and 5:29: `Whether it be right in the sight of God, to obey you rather than God, judge ye. We ought rather to obey God than men.' At the request of his brethren, Goodman subsequently published an expanded version of his exposition, HOW SUPERIOR POWERS OUGHT TO BE OBEYED OF THEIR SUBJECTS: AND WHEREIN THEY MAY LAWFULLY BY GOD'S WORD BE DISOBEYED AND RESISTED. WHEREIN ALSO IS DECLARED THE CAUSE OF ALL THIS PRESENT MISERY IN ENGLAND, AND THE ONLY WAY TO REMEDY THE SAME. In this book, Goodman contends against both ecclesiastical and political tyranny.
"This new edition of SUPERIOR POWERS includes a scripture index, a subject index, a biographical essay on the life of Christopher Goodman, and the original foreword by William Whittingham." -- Publisher's Annotation from Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library
"Very rare. One of the dozen most important political writings appearing in English in the latter half of the sixteenth century. Together with THE FIRST BLAST OF THE TRUMPET and THE APPELLATION (retitled REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM in this catalogue) by John Knox, and Ponet's TREATISE OF POLITIQUE POWER, this book marks the first definite shift of opinion under the pressure of religion, away from the doctrine of almost unlimited obedience which characterized the political thought of the first half of the century laying the foundation for future ideas about civil disobedience. In that day, a proclamation of Philip and Mary had decreed the death of a rebel for anyone found in possession of the book." -- SWRB

Grant, George, Grand Illusions: The Legacy of Planned Parenthood, ISBN: 1581820577 9781581820577.
Exposes the hidden agenda of Planned Parenthood.
"In the course of my research, I have found that the abortion industry's very existence depends on secrecy, deception, and distortion of information. For this very reason, I strongly recommend George Grant's book, GRAND ILLUSIONS, because it provides much needed information that I'm sure Planned Parenthood would rather no one knew!" -- Frank E. Peretti

*KNOX, JOHN (1505-1572), and KEVIN REED (editor), The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment [government] of Women, With the "Summary of the Second Blast" appended, (Dallas, TX [Presbyterian Heritage Publications, P.O. Box 180922, 75218-0922]: Presbyterian Heritage Publications, 1993), trade paperback, 96 pages, marginal notes, scripture index, and subject index. This edition appears in three additional formats: SELECTED WRITINGS OF JOHN KNOX: PUBLIC EPISTLES, TREATISES, AND EXPOSITIONS TO THE YEAR 1559, pages 370-436, the LIBRARY OF PRESBYTERIAN HERITAGE PUBLICATIONS AND PROTESTANT HERITAGE PRESS CD-ROM LIBRARY, and e-text that includes the marginal notes as endnotes, but does not include the scripture index, and subject index. Citations for these three additional formats are listed below.
"The text of this edition is based on the definitive edition of THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX, edited by David Laing (Edinburgh, 1895).
"In this controversial work, John Knox contends that 'to promote a woman to bear rule, superiority, dominion, or empire above any realm, nation, or city, is repugnant to nature, contumely [insult] to God, a thing most contrary to his revealed will and approved ordinance; and finally, it is the subversion of good order, of all equity and justice'." -- Publisher's Annotation
Subheading used in this edition:

"The SUMMARY OF THE SECOND BLAST was originally appended to the APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND (1558), published in KNOX'S WORKS, VOL. IV, pp. 539-40." (see citation below) -- Publisher's Annotation
Other publications of THE FIRST BLAST OF THE TRUMPET follow:
Gunn Productions,The Monstrous Regiment Of Women, DVD (Gunn Productions, October 31, 2007), 54 minutes.
"Who is the monstrous regiment? Today, the feminists are our monstrous regiment!
To promote a woman to bear rule, superiority, dominion, or empire above any realm, nation, or city, is repugnant to nature . . . A thing most contrary to His revealed will and approved ordinance. -- John Knox
"The 16th century reformer John Knox wrote his famous tract THE FIRST BLAST OF THE TRUMPET AGAINST THE MONSTROUS REGIMENT OF WOMEN to oppose a notorious European female tyrant who sought to stamp out biblical Christianity in his beloved Scotland.
"When we approach the issues of our day we wish to borrow his biblical perspective to apply his blast against those who rule in the wake of his monstrous queen. This group, we shall see, far surpasses the queen’s iniquities in both kind and degree.
"Feminists tell women not to submit to a husband, to avoid having children, and that they should listen to their inner voice and chase a career to find true fulfillment. This twisted and irrational teaching has led to disaster for American women, leading many into a frustrating, isolated existence. With this film, we call women back to a life filled with joy and beauty that can only be found by following God’s Word.
"Due to the subject matter this film is not suitable for children.
"Subjects Covered: | Who was John Knox? | What did he think of women? | What is Feminism? | Feminism and Socialism | Daycare | Modesty | Women in the Military | Women in the Workplace | Margaret Sanger | Planned Parenthood | Abortion | Hillary | Birth Control | Betty Friedan | Rock For Choice | Plus 26 minutes of unique interview footage
"Featuring: | Sharon Adams -- Historian, Edinburgh University | Jennie Chancey -- Ladies Against Feminism | Jane Doe -- Military Cadet | Carol Everett -- Former Abortion Provider | Dana Feliciano -- Homemaker | Carmon Friedrich -- Writer, Buried Treasure Books | F. Carolyn Graglia -- Author, Domestic Tranquility | Rosalind Marshall -- Knox Biographer | Stacey McDonald -- Author, Raising Maidens of Virtue | Phyllis Schlafly -- Eagle Forum | Denise Sproul -- Homemaker | Kathleen Smith -- Homemaker" -- Publisher's Annotation

*Marshall, Walter, 1628-1680, The Gospel-Mystery of Sanctification: Growing in Holiness by Living in Union With Christ (London, England: Oliphants Press, 1956, 1692) and (Grand Rapids, MI: Reformation Heritage Books, Inc., 2005, 1999), ISBN-10: 189277724X. See the WorldCat record for various foreign language editions.
The Reformation Heritage Books edition is a reprint of the 1954 edition set by Oliphants and includes an introduction by Joel R. Beeke. Also includes the author's famous sermon on "The Doctrine of Justification Opened and Applied."
Another edition: (Sovereign Grace Publishers Inc., October 1, 2001), 140 pages, ISBN-10: 1589600630.
"Here you will read the most closely reasoned defense of scriptural sanctification to be found anywhere. . . . Fourteen directions are given to the reader, all perfected with the aim of explaining to sincere souls what sanctification is, what it is not, and how to attain a holy walk before God. . . ." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
Another edition: (Wipf & Stock Publishers, January 2005), 270 pages, ISBN-10: 1597520543.
"This is by far the best book on the doctrine of Sanctification in print. It was originally written in the 17th century, but has been put into modern English with this edition. This book will help you better understand the Gospel and its power not only for our Justification, but our Sanctification as well." -- Reader's Comment

Tiger, Lionel, The Decline of Males: The First Look at an Unexpected New World for Men and Women (Griffin Trade Paperback).
"Why have the sexual and family norms of American society changed so dramatically in the last few decades?
Distinguished anthropologist and author Lionel Tiger offers a unique biological perspective on major questions of the age that have thwarted sociological, economic, and political explanation:

Most experts see the cause in social forces: the rise of feminism, changes in the makeup of the workforce, or political programs such as workfare. But according to Tiger, the master issue is reproduction, a biological process. Tiger argues that the most basic cause of these changes is the spread of effective contraception. Controlled by women, it gives them the sole power to decide to, or not to, bear children, independent of men's desires and even of their knowledge. Since the advent of the birth control pill nearly forty years ago, human society has been undergoing a dramatic but little-understood revolution in the fundamental relationship between the sexes. The unforeseen and unintended consequences of efficient contraception are now a major focus of the `gender wars.' Removed from the responsibility to use birth control, and without a way to know for certain that a sexual partner is even using birth control, men have been marginalized in the process of reproduction. They have begun to feel obsolete and out of control. The result is an unprecedented withdrawal of men from family systems, leading to increased pressures on the government to take their place -- an arrangement Tiger calls `bureaugamy.' As women are forced into the workplace because of the economic demands of single parenthood and decreasing male support of the family, men in turn face confusion about their social, economic, and political roles.
From this original perspective, Tiger offers arresting insights into: Challenging the most basic assumptions about male-female relationships, THE DECLINE OF MALES provides valuable lessons for parents to teach their sons-and their daughters -- as we enter the twenty-first century. With a plea for an end to ideology and sentiment in our arguments about the relationship between the sexes, Tiger offers a guide to our evolutionary past and our revolutionary present and provides the compassionate understanding of our biological roots that we need in order to mold the future we desire.
"Dr. Lionel Tiger is the Charles Darwin professor of anthropology at Rutgers University and the author of nine books, including The Imperial Animal (with Robin Fox), Optimism: The Biology of Hope, The Pursuit of Pleasure, and Men in Groups. He lives in New York City." -- Publisher's Annotation
"The news overall is that women are taking firmer control of their destinies," Tiger declares. The result he sees is that men are losing their ancient position of dominance. How has this shift come about? Tiger, a professor of anthropology at Rutgers University, says the fundamental reason is that `through effective contraception -- for the first time in history -- one sex can control the reproductive process.' And so `more women are having children without men, and therefore more men are without the love of families. Women as a group are working more and earning more. Men are working less and earning less.' Moreover, women are now graduating from college at higher rates than men (a trend that will affect the future of employment) and have begun to vote in patterns distinctly different from the voting tendencies of men (a trend that will affect government and public dialogue). As for men, `what is under way is so imprecise but so general and atmospheric they do not realize what is happening to them'." -- From Scientific American
"This provocative book raises questions about the awesome influences of nanotechnology and genetic engineering on the future of human sexuality and social structure. Highly recommended." -- Library Journal
"Biological anthropologist Lionel Tiger, best known for developing the concept of male bonding in MEN IN GROUPS, offers what he calls `a chronicle of the decline of men and the ascendancy of women.' If there were a male counterpart to feminism -- masculinism? -- this is where it would be found. Profound social changes over the last several decades are rooted in reproductive technology, which `has given enormous general power to women that has been translated beyond the family sphere,' says Tiger. This is not an unequivocally positive development, he believes, and it has led to a slew of problems that include general family breakdown. The book is occasionally alarmist, yet there is also a freshness to its argument.
"THE DECLINE OF MALES is a nonsexist brief on behalf of men, and it includes a number of interesting observations. As women play a larger role in public life, men are looking for new ways to be male. `Perhaps the apparent explosion of interest in sports and pornography means that men are trying to find new outlets to express their inherent maleness, which they may feel otherwise obligated to repress,' writes Tiger. Several of his proposals are politically naive, but intriguing in how they blend conservative and liberal ideas. Tiger, for example, thinks men should earn higher pay for the children they have during a first marriage, and that unmarried women with children should receive welfare without having to work. The Decline of Males will fascinate some readers and exasperate others, yet all will agree it makes a unique intellectual contribution to the ongoing sex wars. -- Editorial Review
"Lionel Tiger has zeroed in on the single most important social development of our time, the collision between technological change and reproductive biology, and the war between the sexes that has resulted from it. This book, written without the ideological blinkers that obscure most contemporary discussions of gender, is full of incredible nuance and insight that will reward careful reading." -- Francis Fukuyama, author of TRUST AND THE END OF HISTORY and THE LAST MAN, and Hirst Professor of Public Policy, George Mason University
"Over the past century, and especially in the past three decades, the feminist movement has intensively lobbied to secure women's reproductive rights. That battle has been won, but not simply due to political changes. Lionel Tiger argues in "The Decline of Males" that the key reasons were technological: medically safe abortion and contraception (primarily the pill). These technologies allowed women exclusively, and independently of their husbands, to control their reproduction. Contraception controlled pregnancy, and, should it not, women could solely chose whether or not to bring the pregnancy to term.
Although most would agree that these technologies have empowered women by offering them more life options, the larger social and personal effects on men, and on the relations between the sexes, have been largely ill-considered. These reproductive technologies, Tiger argues, have set the sexes on an uncharted, and perhaps dangerous, course. Reproductive power is no longer shared, albeit unconsciously, via the evolved desires and aversions of each sex. Today reproduction is controlled consciously and almost exclusively by women.
"So while women were gaining their own reproductive control, men were losing theirs. What reproductive rights do men have left today? Virtually none. Consider the following scenarios. If a man's partner becomes pregnant, and he wishes to have the child, but she doesn't, he has no legal recourse to prevent an abortion. If, on the other hand, he wants her to terminate the pregnancy, he cannot compel her to have an abortion. Further, he will be legally responsible for child support for a child he would not have chosen to have. If she is on the pill, and he wishes to have a child, there is no legal recourse available to him to compel her to stop taking the pill. Divorce courts still favor granting custody of children to mothers and child support payments to fathers. The idea that reproduction and parenting is a decision jointly made by both partners is an outdated romantic illusion. Examined more closely, it is clear that the consent of woman is always a prerequisite. The consent of the man is often superfluous.
"In addition, the resources that husbands traditionally have been able to contribute to reproduction and marriage -- financial support, protection, and socialization of their children -- have been supplanted, and sometimes replaced, by what Tiger terms government "bureaugamy" (women's dependency on the government, or the "government-as-husband"). What women historically relied on husbands to provide, now the state often antes up: child care, welfare, education, police protection, affirmative action and divorce laws that favor women, ambiguous sexual harassment codes that leave the determination of whether an infraction occurred to the interpretation of a particular woman (not necessarily a "reasonable woman"), etc. While medical reproductive technology has had the effect of marginalizing men reproductively, the state's "bureaugamy" has marginalized the importance of men's marital and parental contributions. Women are often encouraged to live independently (as evidenced by the feminist slogan: "A woman needs a man about as much as fish needs a bicycle"). The bureaugamy supports the superfluousness of husbands by assuring a woman that it will provide what historically a husband did -- with government help she can live independently and generally without fear of hunger, lack of shelter, attack, or lack of socialization and education of her children.
"The consequences of women's reproductive control, combined with feminist inspired "bureaugamy," may already be felt. Tiger notes that one-third of births in industrialized societies are now to single mothers. The average female income is growing while average male income is declining. The majority of college undergraduates, 55%, are women. While female college enrollment continues to increase, male enrollment is decreasing. Divorce rates are the highest recorded in history.
"As the value of male contributions to reproduction, marriage and parenting have diminished, so too has the general level of male status in society. Warren Farrell noted in his book WHY MEN ARE THE WAY THEY ARE that our perception of men has been transformed in a few decades from one in which "Father Knows Best" to "Daddy Molests." The male cultural icons of the 1940s, 1950s and early 1960s were independent, powerful, and respected men, who were also generally respectful and gentlemanly toward women. Today, the movie of the week is typically about a woman victimized by a male: her boss or father, her current (or ex) boyfriend or husband, or by a maniacal serial rapist or murderer.
"The feminist movement has spearheaded the cultural acceptance of the routine disrespect of men. Instead of equitably quashing and discouraging misandry and working toward true mutual understanding and respect between the sexes, the feminist movement has succeeded in cheer leading a misandry that palpably permeates the culture. Jokes, television commercials, magazine advertisements and even greeting cards often put down men in a way that would be condemned as sexist if directed toward women. As men become less needed as fathers and husbands, they are increasingly disrespected by women. Ironically, by reducing men's general status vis a vis women, women find to their disappointment fewer available men who can meet their high expectations for a potential husband and father of her children.
"Tiger's concern is that by `fooling Mother Nature' via the reproductive technologies of contraception and abortion we have unwittingly headed into uncharted, and perhaps dangerous, territory. Our species has not evolved psychological adaptations to deal with modern reproductive technology -- what evolutionary psychologists call an `evolutionary mismatch.' There is now a disconnect between our ancestral and current environments. As a sexy and technologically smart primate, we have learned to take the goodies (sex) an unlink it from its evolutionary purpose (reproduction and parenting). The long term social and emotional consequences of this mismatch are unknown, but is it clear that one of the effects, the `decline of males,' has already begun.
"Yet most men today are about as cognizant of their increasing inequality as women in the 1950s were conscious of their limited life choices. Men need some consciousness raising of their own. Unfortunately, they are so predisposed to protect women, and protect what feminists say women's interests are, that men ignore their own interests as a group to their own peril. On a social level, several nascent men's movements have sputtered, and then sadly faded. Apparently men's instincts to protect women (or at least protect their own personal reputation as a protector of women), are generally greater than their inclination to protect themselves.
"On a more personal level, when a man finds himself unable to provide more income than a woman can obtain via welfare (or that she can provide through her own career), when he cannot cause or prevent an abortion, when he is ordered to financially support a child that he never wanted (or even one that is not genetically his own), when he is not granted equal custody or parental authority for his children after a divorce, when he loses a job, promotion or a work contract to a less qualified woman due to affirmative action policies, when women of his own socioeconomic class reject him because they prefer a partner who has a higher status, he is feels, at best, confused. He knows something is askance with feminist rhetoric about `equality,' but he may have difficulty articulating it. Men today are befuddled -- they don't understand how equality for women came to result in sexual, reproductive, parental and legal inequality and a disrespect for men.
"Although Tiger's book contains a great deal of valuable information, it is rather poorly presented. It is written with a prose that awkwardly combines the style of a social commentary with a smattering of too lightly sketched evolutionary psychology theory, personal observations, social history, exemplars from contemporary cultures, and some repetitive statistics. Chapter titles and section headings are nondescriptive. Some of Tiger's assertions are based solely on his opinion -- others have solid scientific backing. But it is often difficult to distinguish between the two. It would have helpful if Tiger had organized the book more as a clear, progressive and logically structured argument.
"Most egregiously, Tiger seems to have missed some of the most important works in the men's studies field, such as Warren Farrell's books, including WHY MEN ARE THE WAY THEY ARE, THE MYTH OF MALE POWER, and WOMEN CAN'T HEAR WHAT MEN DON'T SAY. This is a serious oversight -- not only are Farrell's important works ignored in the text, they are not listed in his chapter notes and references. . . ." -- Reader Comment

Van Der Kemp, Johannes, and John M. Van Harlingen, The Christian Entirely the Property of Christ, in Life and Death: Exhibited in Fifty-three Sermons on the Heidelberg Catechism . . . , 2 volumes.

See also: Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Sexual relationship, Absolute truth and relativism, Authority, Gratuitous sex a cause of violence, Adultery, Abortion and the sanctity of life, Fatherlessness, Men, women and god, Sorcery, Feminism, Slavery, Unity and uniformity in the turth, Divorce, Children of divorce, The new age, Modern myths and falacies, The decline of american society

Related WebLinks

Biblical Patriarchy and the Doctrine of Federal Representation, Brian M. Abshire, July 15, 2005
"Until the twentieth century, Americans almost universally held to this doctrine of representation in some form or the other. The reason why women were not allowed to vote had nothing to do with women being considered 'inferior' or 'too emotional' (these values arose during the Victorian era and were themselves theologically and socially deviant) but rather because the husband and father was ASSUMED to represent the family to the broader community. By definition, there could only be ONE representative of the family just as there could only be ONE representative of the Human Race to God!
"However, by the end of the 19th century, American Christians had largely stopped thinking in theological terms. Instead, an emotive, subjective religious 'experience' (called Pietism) emphasizing individual conversion replaced the comprehensive Christian worldview of the Reformation. As Christians failed to think biblically about all of life, they were unable to withstand either the new philosophies gaining ground in the universities or deal effectively with the changing social conditions of the Industrial Revolution. By the 20th century, American Christians saw the 'height' of Christian activism as banning alcohol while at the same time affirming a woman's right to vote. Both ideas were unmitigated disasters; God has not allowed the civil magistrate to outlaw wine and God does not allow women to vote (cf. 1 Tim 2:11ff). But by ignoring God's law, American Christians both destroyed their own credibility (the Prohibition era is STILL a matter of public ridicule and repealing prohibition set the legal precedence for pornography, sodomy and the acceptance of other moral failures) and the integrity of own families.
"In regards to a woman's right to vote; if husband and wife are truly "one flesh" and the husband is doing his duty to represent the family to the wider community, then what PRACTICAL benefit does allowing women to vote provide? If husband and wife agree on an issue, then one has simply doubled the number of votes; but the result is the same. Women's voting only makes a difference when the husband and wife disagree; a wife, who does not trust the judgment of her husband, can nullify his vote. Thus, the immediate consequence is to enshrine the will of the individual OVER the good of the family thus creating divisions WITHIN the family." -- Brian Abshire
http://www.visionforumministries.org/issues/family/biblical_patriarchy_and_the_do.aspx

"Gratuitous Sex a Cause of Violence" in Chapter 7 (part 1): "Family Life, Education, Church and Work"
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr7cha.html

Virginia Fornication Laws
http://members.icanect.net/~tincat/2000/lesson/fornication.htm



Theodicy

Saul [Israel's first king, demanded by the people and appointed by Samuel-- sk] proved his valour by defeating Nahash king of the Ammonites, whereupon the people assembled to establish him more fully in his kingdom. Samuel took advantage of this to end his official life and to warn the people.
1 And Samuel said unto all Israel, Behold, I have hearkened unto your voice in all that ye said unto me, and have made a king over you.
2 And now, behold, the king walketh before you: and I am old and grayheaded; and, behold, my sons are with you: and I have walked before you from my childhood unto this day. 3 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received any bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you.
4 And they said, Thou hast not defrauded us, nor oppressed us, neither hast thou taken ought of any man's hand. 5 And he said unto them, The LORD is witness against you, and his anointed is witness this day, that ye have not found ought in my hand. And they answered, He is witness. 6 And Samuel said unto the people, It is the LORD that advanced Moses and Aaron, and that brought your fathers up out of the land of Egypt. 7 Now therefore stand still, that I may reason with you before the LORD of all the righteous acts of the LORD, which he did to you and to your fathers.
8 When Jacob was come into Egypt, and your fathers cried unto the LORD, then the LORD sent Moses and Aaron, which brought forth your fathers out of Egypt, and made them dwell in this place. 9 And when they forgat the LORD their God, he sold them into the hand of Sisera, captain of the host of Hazor, and into the hand of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab, and they fought against them. 10 And they cried unto the LORD, and said, We have sinned, because we have forsaken the LORD, and have served Baalim and Ashtaroth: but now deliver us out of the hand of our enemies, and we will serve thee. 11 And the LORD sent Jerubbaal, and Bedan (or, as some read it, Barak), and Jephthah, and Samuel, and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side, and ye dwelled safe.
12 And when ye saw that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon came against you, ye said unto me, Nay; but a king shall reign over us: when the LORD your God was your king.
13 Now therefore behold the king whom ye have chosen, and whom ye have desired! and, behold, the LORD hath set a king over you.
14 If ye will fear the LORD, and serve him, and obey his voice, and not rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then shall both ye and also the king that reigneth over you continue following the LORD your God:
15 But if ye will not obey the voice of the LORD, but rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then shall the hand of the LORD be against you, as it was against your fathers.
16 Now therefore stand and see this great thing, which the LORD will do before your eyes.
17 Is it not wheat harvest to day? I will call unto the LORD, and he shall send thunder and rain; that ye may perceive and see that your wickedness is great, which ye have done in the sight of the LORD, in asking you a king.
18 So Samuel called unto the LORD; and the LORD sent thunder and rain that day: and all the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel. (It seldom or never rains at that period in Palestine. Samuel's prayers were as mighty as those of Elijah.)
19 And all the people said unto Samuel, Pray for thy servants unto the LORD thy God, that we die not: for we have added unto all our sins this evil, to ask us a king.
20 And Samuel said unto the people, Fear not: ye have done all this wickedness: yet turn not aside from following the LORD, but serve the LORD with all your heart; 21 And turn ye not aside: for then should ye go after vain things, which cannot profit nor deliver; for they are vain. 22 For the LORD will not forsake his people for his great name's sake: because it hath pleased the LORD to make you his people.
(A precious passage indeed. Election ensures to its objects immutable love, but where the reason for election lies none can tell.)
23 Moreover as for me, God forbid that I should sin against the LORD in ceasing to pray for you: but I will teach you the good and the right way: 24 Only fear the LORD, and serve him in truth with all your heart: for consider how great things he hath done for you.
25 But if ye shall still do wickedly, ye shall be consumed, both ye and your king. --
Spurgeon's Devotional Bible 1 Samuel 12

See Isaiah 40:1--55:13 and annotations in The Reformation Study Bible

*Berkouwer, G.C., The Providence of God (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm.B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.).
"A work to place alongside John Flavel's standard treatment. Considers the doctrine of God's providence in relation to knowledge, sustenance, government, concurrence, history, and miracles. Concludes with a discussion of the problem of theodicy." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Fitch, William, God and Evil: Studies in the Mystery of Suffering and Pain (London, England: Pickering and Inglis, 1969), 183 pages, ISBN: 0720800404.
"A contemporary presentation of theodicy." -- Cyril J. Barber

See also: The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), The providence of god, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Trusting god



The Question of the One and the Many

See the Theological Notes, "The Image of God," at Genesis 1:27 in The Reformation Study Bible.

See the Theological Notes, "One and Three: The Trinity," at Isaiah 44:6 in The Reformation Study Bible.

And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand. -- Jesus Christ (Matthew 12:25)

But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first. -- Jesus Christ (Matthew 19:30)

Our Triune God has ordained that authority, power, and leadership devolves to those who know the most Truth (the Apostle Paul, Saint Augustine, Martin Luther, John Calvin, The Scots Worthies . . . ). Preeminent among those is the Lord Christ, the God Man, Our Righteousness. (John 1:1-18; Matthew 19:30; Matthew 28:18-20; Isaiah 49:7; Colossians 1:16-19; Colossians 2:9,10; Hebrews 12:1,2; Revelations 5:1-14; Revelation 19:11-15; Revelation 20:11-15; Revelation 22:12, and so forth, and so on.)

It is a poor and pitiful kind of knowledge, to know many loose parcels, and broken members of truth, without knowing the whole, or the place and the relation which they have to the rest. To know letters and not syllables, or syllables and not words, or words and not sentences, or sentences and not the scope of the discourse, are all but an unprofitable knowledge. He knoweth no science rightly that hath not anatomized it, and carrieth not a true scheme or method of it in his mind. -- Richard Baxter

"Against the totalitarianism of the pagan world empires, Christ taught the limitation of state power and the separation of church and state: `Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s' (Matthew 22:21). Neither Caesar nor any other mere man was pontifex maximus. Christ himself was the way, the truth, and the life, the only mediator between God and man (John 14:6; 1 Timothy 2:5). He explicitly denied the political theory and practice of the pagans: `You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those who are great exercise dominion over them. Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your servant.' (Matthew 20:25-26) Christ demanded that rulers -- both civil and ecclesiastical -- serve, not control, the people. He outlined a limited role for civil government, not as the shaper of souls, as in pagan philosophies, but simply as the punisher of criminals. He founded a church whose government was representative and republican, whose officers were elected by the people, and whose constitution -- the Bible -- was written. Inspired by his words, the American Founders made their plans for a new Republic, a government of the people, by the people, and for the people.(13)
The early Christians, condemned by pagans such as Celsus and Porphyry(14) as stupid, foolish, and superstitious, were not killed for their stupidity, but because they rejected the highest value of pagan society: worship of the totalitarian state in the person of the Emperor. The Christians rejected Aristotle (`The state is the highest of all. Citizens belong to the state.') and believed Christ. Christ, in dying for the salvation of individual men, exalted both the individual and God. God is eternal and men are immortal; nations and rulers come and go with surprising rapidity, but individual souls live forever. Rome is not an eternal city; only individual men enjoy everlasting life.
"Christ taught that man was a creature of God and the lord of creation. Man's ancestry was not animal, but divine, and the Earth was made for man. Individual men were immortal; what they believed and did on Earth would have eternal consequences. After death, they did not descend into some shadowland, but each was required to give an account of his life to his maker and judge. All men were equal before God and his law, and each man would be judged individually. The classes of ancient society—the nobles, the proletariat, the slaves, the citizens, the men, the women, the Jews, the barbarians—meant nothing to God. In the new Christian faith, `There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.' (Galatians 3:8)
"Christ's kingdom grows only by persuasion, never by coercion(15) -- it is a republic of knowledge, truth, and doctrine, not an empire of dominion, compulsion, or violence -- and it has taken centuries for some Christian ideas to be understood and believed. Nevertheless, as the anguished wailing of Friedrich Nietzsche in the nineteenth century so clearly indicates, the absorption of Christian ideas has been widespread, though far from complete." -- John W. Robbins in , Part 2 of 4 Christ and Civilization

For ages philosophy has debated the question of which is most important, the ONE or the MANY.
The answer is found in the doctrine of the Trinity. The individual, the family, the church, and the state are all of equal importance, just as the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are co-equal.
Therefore, pietistic Christianity is in error by withdrawing from the affairs of State.

A religious doctrine involves practical consequences so important, and its effects upon individual and social life are so infallible and so profound, that it can never be contemplated with indifference by the mass of society, and much less by their rulers. We pray you to observe, amongst other things, that the stronger the feeling of dependence to which religion reduces the individual, the more she invests him, on the other hand, with a lofty independence. All religion is freedom. By introducing us into the service of one master, she emancipates us from the dominion of all others. If she does not altogether do away with dependencies of another order, she transforms them from absolute into relative ones. We still belong to society, we are perhaps linked to it by closer ties than before; but it is in a mediate manner, for man cannot serve two masters. It is this independence which exasperates the rulers of this world, and indeed, for the most part, all those who do not share in it. It is this sacred retreat of liberty which they would invade -- this freedom, of which they would deprive us; as if the numerous sacrifices which from time to time liberty has made for the common weal were insufficient, as if it were not enough, or rather as if it were nothing, for us to have devoted all our bodily powers and all our worldly goods to the service of society, so long as this offering is not completed by the sacrifice of the soul. It is spiritual domination, dominion over the soul, of which despotism, whether of princes or of the people, is especially desirous. Thus, when a tyrant has bereft a nation of all its liberties, until throughout the realm his will has become law, his ambition having nothing else wherewith to satiate its appetite, directs itself against religion. Thencefowward, having subjugated the bodies of men, he directs his attacks against their souls. It is because he cannot but be sensible that dominion over souls -- what do you say? -- over one single soul, is as much superior to that over bodies, as the soul itself is superior to its envelope of clay. He cannot endure the humiliation of knowing that there is a sphere in which the most obscure man, by the force of sympathy alone, wields a greater power than his own. A deep-rooted and bitter feeling of envy takes possession of him; he can enjoy no more repose, until moral force shall have yielded to the pressure of physical force -- until the second Mordecai shall have bowed down to this second Haman -- until the soul, by dethroning itself, shall have delivered him from this odious rivalry. And should he encounter in this enterprise an unlooked-for resistance, his impatience becomes fury, and he destroys those whom he cannot subdue. This has been the origin of many religious persecutions, and it discloses the secret motives of those atrocities by which some have been distinguished.
It does not follow, however, that all the evils with which the world has been inundated in the name of religion, are to be referred to this cause alone. They have originated in that pre-eminently just idea, that religion gives the true signification of every man, and of the whole of society; that there is nothing more deeply seated in us, nothing which more decisively determines what we are; and that to declare what we believe, is at the same time, and as a matter of necessity, to declare what we wish to be. The influence of a lordly spirit apart, it is not astonishing that the social power has everywhere, more or less, attempted to regulate the faith of the citizens and the instructions of the priesthood. Nor is it surprising that the priesthood, in aid of the state, have themselves attempted to dictate in a matter of this importance. For the suppression of this evil, the assistance of ages has been necessary, and this has not proved sufficient; the veto of public opinion has been also needed. Perhaps in certain countries something further has been required -- the progress of religious indifference. But nowhere is the fire extinguished, because nowhere is man changed; he will never witness unmoved, the energetic manifestation of religious principle; he may be indulgent to philosophical religions, or to religious philosophy, which penetrates not to the very sources of will and of action; but he will be, with his own full knowledge and consent, severe upon genuine faith. And why? because man possessing genuine faith, rises to his highest elevation; an elevation to which it is necessary that others should rise also, not indeed to rule over him (for this is impossible), but to treat with him, and to be at peace together. This is the true position and individuality of each renewed man, and everything is put in requisition to annul, subdue, and modify it.
We dwell no longer upon these different attempts, but return to the principle. We find that in the judgment of the community, the religious conviction of a man moulds his character, estimates his worth, and fortels his life. It is the invisible source of many efforts, and often of much violence. Well, then, we infer unhesitatingly, that the faith of a member of society cannot remain either a mystery or a matter of doubt to those who surround him. If, as we have sought to establish a former part of this work, the spiritual unity of society, its reality in the elevated sense of that word, depends on the mutual interchange of sentiments; and if that individual only can be said to belong to the community, with whose character she is acquainted, it must be especially in the sphere of religious convictions that this truth is apparent; we may even go further, and say, that although we might keep our sentiments on other subjects to ourselves, those that we entertain respecting religion could not be concealed. For our religious convictions embue us so thoroughly and practically, that society knows not what she possesses in us, except as she knows what we are with respect to God.
This fact is more conspicuous, we admit, with reference to the Christian religion than to any other. In comparison with it, all other systems of faith are superficial; and we may remark in passing, that this is the reason why Christianity has drawn upon itself, and even excited among its followers, more intolerance than any other religion. The experimental character of its doctrines, coming in contact with the diverse passions of the human heart, has enkindled in the midst of society an active and devouring flame; and its profession has occasioned a host of outrages and calamities. Christianity is radical in the highest degree; radical in morals. It uproots one life, it implants another. Of all religions, it alone is in direct hostility with human nature in its fallen condition, as it is also the only religion which coincides with that same nature in all that sin has not polluted; at once the most human, and the least human of all systems; appearing to grant us everything, and to refuse us everything, but, in reality, granting everything to humanity, and refusing everything to sin. No religion consequently so effectually reforms the moral being; in such a manner, that the complexion of our life and conduct depends on whether we are or are not Christians, and upon what sort of Christians we are.
We should find it impracticable to attempt to distinguish between the doctrines of Christianity and its morals; between what is called its natural and universal morality, and its peculiar and arbitrary doctrines. Christian doctrine is morality -- Christian morality; to wish to distinguish between the two is to desire to divide a stream from its source. Christian doctrine is no sooner received than it regulates the conduct; the character of God becomes a model for man; what God is, man ought to be; and inasmuch as God in the Scriptures is invested with attributes which belong not to human nature, so also man, by means of the Gospel, is invested with a character which nature had not impressed upon him; it makes him a new man in every sense of the term: a man peculiar and extraordinary in the eyes of nature, but in every case a man, who, by the judgment of that very nature, is approved and esteemed. To declare our opinion upon Christian doctrine avails much; it is in fact to profess certain principle of conduct, and to attach ourselves to one or another system of morality; it is to reveal our inward man, to publish the operations of conscience; it is to give the standard of our judgments, and the rule of our actions.
We do well to avow it: whenever we revert to the considerations which most forcibly recommend a duty, we revert to the greatest difficulties in the way of its accomplishment; indeed, in most cases, to point out the motive, is to recognize the difficulty. In the present case, for example, nothing can render candour more difficult than that which enforces its obligation. It is just because such a religious doctrine, of necessity involves such a principle of morality, and such a rule of conduct; it is precisely because it is a disclosure of inward man, that so many persons are averse to declare to what doctrine they adhere. And it is sometimes because their opinion condemns them, sometimes because it elevates them, not so much in itself as in the characteristics and practical consequences with which public opinion has invested it. It is painful to excite repugnance or aversion, and it is sometimes still more painful to excite expectations which we feel but too conscious we cannot fulfill. If it were not so, why should we make a secret of our religious opinions, when we are at no pains to conceal any other? Why, when we are open and unreserved upon all the rest, should we not allow free expression to our thoughts upon this, the noblest of subjects? Why should communications of this nature be so generally regarded as the acme of candour and the pledge of intimacy? Why is there no real union, no true communion of soul, until both parties have expressed what they think, and above all, what they feel upon invisible and infinite subjects? Why do beings long united by the closest ties of affection, as soon as spiritual communion is formed between them, discover with surprise, that up to that period they had really never known, understood, or loved each other? -- that, as Montaigne expresses it, there was wanting to their friendship `a certain inexplicable, yet essential power, the mediatrix of that union;' or that (as is really the fact) `God is the true medium of true friendship?' All such instance go to confirm the truth of what we have said. A great effect supposes a powerful force -- a powerful force is employed only against a formidable resistance, and a formidable resistance has no place but in opposition to an urgent necessity. Here the necessity is a moral one -- it is a duty; an evident, and urgent, but a painful duty; for the consequences, even limiting them to their narrowest range, and considering none but those which are developed in the bosom of private relations, these consequences are, it must be confessed, of a startling character.
Nevertheless, if regarded only in the light of morality and natural reason, this candour, which appears so difficult and dangerous, would be found to possess real advantages, whilst reserve would have none but what are false and deceptive. Candour would break the ice which dissimulation thickens and consolidates from day to day; it would procure a more lasting peace; it would put the seal to confidence and friendship. You dread a storm: any storm would be preferable to the dead calm in which you live, -- a calm without peace and without security; for since no one can suppose that you are altogether destitute of religious prepossessions, that you have not some inward conviction to disclose, it will become a matter either of dread or of desire that you should disclose it. This very feeling of anxiety will be an evil in your social relations; if your connexions are desirous of it, when you are averse to making it, their importunity will disturb your peace; on the contrary, if they are averse to its manifestation, when you yourself desire it, they will avoid your company; there will of necessity be in your social relations something painful, constrained, and, in the end, insupportable. If they neither desire nor fear it, it must be because they are not acquainted with your character, and have no desire to become so, because they are not solicitous about your most important interests -- in other words, because they do not love you. And as between a mind occupied with spiritual things and one that is not, there is a wide gulf fixed, as true intimacy between two persons so different is altogether impossible, it is the duty of the more serious of the two, to sound the mind of his friend by disclosing his own, to provide a declaration by declaring himself. Every connexion founded upon a voluntary and designedly prolonged misunderstanding, every factitious union between minds pursuing directly opposite courses, is contrary to human dignity. . . . -- Alexander Vinet and Charles Theodore Jones (translator), An Essay on the Profession of Personal Religious Conviction, pp. 73-81

How sobering that it took the sudden devastation of September 11, 2001 to remind this nation and the world that we are all one, that the "many" are of equal importance to the "one."

*Bickersteth, Edward, The Trinity: The Classic Study of Biblical Trinitarianism (Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications), ISBN: 0825423945 9780825423949. A Christian classic.
"A must for gaining a grasp of the doctrine of the Trinity." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.

*BROWN, JOHN (of Wamphray, 1610?-1679), Corporate Sanctification: Holding Fast the Attainments of Reformation. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678.
"An overview of the Covenanter doctrine of reformation attainments by one of the great Covenanter theologians. Helpful in dispelling false charges of Anabaptism and perfectionism laid at the feet of faithful Covenanters by schismatics. John Brown was one of Samuel Rutherford's best students." -- SWRB
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/attain.htm

Ellul, Jacques, Anarchy and Christianity (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm.B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1991). 90282

*Owen, John (1616-1683), The Glory of the Trinity. In The Complete Works of John Owen.
Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD One, CD #1.
"Owen is called the `greatest of the Puritans,' and this volume is one of the reasons why. The glories of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit shine in all their radiance."
In A brief declaration and vindication of the doctrine of the Trinity: as also, of the person and satisfaction of Christ. . . . By the Rev. John Owen, D.D. The eighth edition Glasgow, 1798.
A Brief Declaration and Vindication of the Doctrine of the Trinity and also of the Person and Satisfaction of Christ, by John Owen
http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/ipb-e/epl-owtrinity.html

*Rushdoony, Rousas J., The One and the Many: Studies in the Philosophy of Order and Ultimacy (Vallecito, CA: Ross House Books)
"The author deals with an age-old problem: the question of the one and the many and their relationship. As you might guess, the way one answers (or avoids) this question will affect views of justice, government, taxes, welfare, war, property, and freedom in general." -- GCB
See also: The Question of the One and the Many
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9cha.html#onemany

*Rushdoony, Rousas J., Salvation and Godly Rule (Vallecito, CA: Ross House Books), ISBN: 999144789X.
"The Christian is commissioned to bring all things into captivity to Christ. Godly rule in our personal, family, social, vocation, political, and economic life is a consequence of salvation. Includes 72 short chapters, over 500 pages." -- GCB

*Rushdoony, R.J., This Independent Republic (Vallecito, CA: Ross House Books)
"First published in 1964 and out of print for many years, this series of essays gives important insight into American history by one who could trace American development in terms of the Christian ideas which gave it direction.
"These essays will greatly alter your understanding of, and appreciation for, American history. Topics discussed include: the legal issues behind the War of Independence; sovereignty as a theological tenet foreign to colonial political thought and the Constitution; the desire for land as a consequence of the belief in "inheriting the land" as a future blessing, not an immediate economic asset; federalism's localism as an inheritance of feudalism; the local control of property as a guarantee of liberty; why federal elections were long considered of less importance than local politics; how early American ideas attributed to democratic thought were based on religious ideals of communion and community; and the absurdity of a mathematical concept of equality being applied to people. With index." -- Publisher's Annotation

Rushdoony, R.J., The Nature of the American System (Vallecito, CA: Ross House Books)
"Originally published in 1965, these essays were a continuation of the author's previous work, THIS INDEPENDENT REPUBLIC, and examine the interpretations and concepts which have attempted to remake and rewrite America's past and present. 'The writing of history then, because man is neither autonomous, objective or ultimately creative, is always in terms of a framework, a philosophical and ultimately religious framework in the mind of the historian.' To the orthodox Christian, the shabby incarnations of the reigning historiographies are both absurd and offensive. They are idols, and he is forbidden to bow down to them and must indeed wage war against them." -- Publisher's Annotation

*SCOTT, DAVID, JOHN CUNNINGHAM, and GEORGE SMEATON, What Is A Moral Person? How God Views the Church and the Nations. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.
"A clear and concise summary of the biblical doctrine of the moral person (i.e. that God regards churches and nations as moral entities separate from the individual members of which they are composed). No Christian can afford not to understand this vital teaching! In many ways this is a crux of the Covenanter position, underlying as it does the issues of separation from backslidden or anti-Christian civil and church governments, the binding nature of lawful Covenants on posterity, eschatology, etc." -- SWRB

Vincent, Thomas, 1634-1678, Godlinesse in principle and conversation a necessary preparative to the worlds dissolution and the escaping of future burnings / by Thomas Vincent, 1670, EEBO.

See also: Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, Reformation eschatology, Sexual relationship
TCRB5: 2527, 3694

Related WebLinks

Reformation Eschatology at Still Waters Revival Books
http://www.swrb.com/Puritan/reformation-eschatology.htm

What Is A Moral Person? How God Views the Church and the Nations, David Scott, John Cunningham, and George Smeaton
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/moral.htm

Corporate Sanctification: Holding Fast the Attainments of Reformation, John Brown (of Wamphray -- Samuel Rutherford's Disciple)
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/attain.htm



Confession of National Sin and Covenant Renewal

Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackclothes, and earth upon them. And the seed of Israel separated themselves from all strangers, and stood and confessed their sins, and the iniquities of their fathers. And they stood up in their place, and read in the book of the law of the LORD their God one fourth part of the day; and another fourth part they confessed, and worshipped the LORD their God.
Then stood up upon the stairs, of the Levites, Jeshua, and Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani, and Chenani, and cried with a loud voice unto the LORD their God. Then the Levites, Jeshua, and Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabniah, Sherebiah, Hodijah, Shebaniah, and Pethahiah, said,
Stand up and bless the LORD your God for ever and ever:
And blessed be thy glorious name, which is exalted above all blessing and praise. Thou, even thou, art LORD alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee.
Thou art the LORD the God, who didst choose Abram, and broughtest him forth out of Ur of the Chaldees, and gavest him the name of Abraham; And foundest his heart faithful before thee, and madest a covenant with him to give the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Girgashites, to give it, I say, to his seed, and hast performed thy words; for thou art righteous:
And didst see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heardest their cry by the Red sea; And shewedst signs and wonders upon Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land: for thou knewest that they dealt proudly against them. So didst thou get thee a name, as it is this day. And thou didst divide the sea before them, so that they went through the midst of the sea on the dry land; and their persecutors thou threwest into the deeps, as a stone into the mighty waters. Moreover thou leddest them in the day by a cloudy pillar; and in the night by a pillar of fire, to give them light in the way wherein they should go.
Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments: And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant: And gavest them bread from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and promisedst them that they should go in to possess the land which thou hadst sworn to give them.
But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and hearkened not to thy commandments, And refused to obey, neither were mindful of thy wonders that thou didst among them; but hardened their necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage: but thou art a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not.
Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, and said, This is thy God that brought thee up out of Egypt, and had wrought great provocations; Yet thou in thy manifold mercies forsookest them not in the wilderness: the pillar of the cloud departed not from them by day, to lead them in the way; neither the pillar of fire by night, to shew them light, and the way wherein they should go. Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst. Yea, forty years didst thou sustain them in the wilderness, so that they lacked nothing; their clothes waxed not old, and their feet swelled not.
Moreover thou gavest them kingdoms and nations, and didst divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon, and the land of the king of Heshbon, and the land of Og king of Bashan. Their children also multipliedst thou as the stars of heaven, and broughtest them into the land, concerning which thou hadst promised to their fathers, that they should go in to possess it. So the children went in and possessed the land, and thou subduedst before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, and gavest them into their hands, with their kings, and the people of the land, that they might do with them as they would. And they took strong cities, and a fat land, and possessed houses full of all goods, wells digged, vineyards, and oliveyards, and fruit trees in abundance: so they did eat, and were filled, and became fat, and delighted themselves in thy great goodness.
Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great provocations. Therefore thou deliveredst them into the hand of their enemies, who vexed them: and in the time of their trouble, when they cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and according to thy manifold mercies thou gavest them saviours, who saved them out of the hand of their enemies.
But after they had rest, they did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and many times didst thou deliver them according to thy mercies; And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them;) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear. Yet many years didst thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by thy spirit in thy prophets: yet would they not give ear: therefore gavest thou them into the hand of the people of the lands. Nevertheless for thy great mercies' sake thou didst not utterly consume them, nor forsake them; for thou art a gracious and merciful God.
Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the terrible God, who keepest covenant and mercy, let not all the trouble seem little before thee, that hath come upon us, on our kings, on our princes, and on our priests, and on our prophets, and on our fathers, and on all thy people, since the time of the kings of Assyria unto this day. Howbeit thou art just in all that is brought upon us; for thou hast done right, but we have done wickedly: Neither have our kings, our princes, our priests, nor our fathers, kept thy law, nor hearkened unto thy commandments and thy testimonies, wherewith thou didst testify against them. For they have not served thee in their kingdom, and in thy great goodness that thou gavest them, and in the large and fat land which thou gavest before them, neither turned they from their wicked works.
Behold, we are servants this day, and for the land that thou gavest unto our fathers to eat the fruit thereof and the good thereof, behold, we are servants in it: And it yieldeth much increase unto the kings whom thou hast set over us because of our sins: also they have dominion over our bodies, and over our cattle, at their pleasure, and we are in great distress. And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal unto it. (Nehemiah 9)

See Isaiah 40:1--55:13 and annotations in The Reformation Study Bible

But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first. -- Jesus Christ (Matthew 19:30)

Our Triune God has ordained that authority, power, and leadership devolves to those who know the most Truth (the Apostle Paul, Saint Augustine, Martin Luther, John Calvin, The Scots Worthies . . . ). Preeminent among those is the Lord Christ, the God Man, Our Righteousness. (John 1:1-18; Matthew 19:30; Matthew 28:18-20; Isaiah 49:7; Colossians 1:16-19; Colossians 2:9,10; Hebrews 12:1,2; Revelations 5:1-14; Revelation 19:11-15; Revelation 20:11-15; Revelation 22:12, and so forth, and so on.)

Adeney, Walter F., Ezra and Nehemiah (Minneapolis, MN: Klock and Klock Christian Publishers, 1980), ISBN: 0865240507 9780865240506.
"One of the best works on this facet of Israel's postexilic history. Can be read with profit by both pastor and layperson." -- Cyril J. Barber

Boice, James Montgomery, Nehemiah: Learning to Lead (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell). ISBN: 0801066409 9780801066405
"Studying Nehemiah passage-by-passage, Dr. Boice introduces eight dynamics of effective leadership. He also relates this ancient leader's principles to those practiced by renowned leaders in a number of fields." -- GCB

*CARYL, JOSEPH (1602-1673), The nature, solemnity, grounds, property and benefits of a sacred covenant: together with the duties of those who enter into such a covenant: delivered in a sermon at Westminster, at that public convention (ordered by the Honourable House of Commons) for the taking of the Covenant, by all such, of all degrees, as willingly presented themselves, upon Friday, Octob. 6 1643 (London, England: printed by E.G. for John Rothwell and Giles Calvert, 1643). Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Six, CD #32. Available on Puritan Bookshelf 32 CD Set, #2 (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 2001). Also available in EEBO, OCLC: 40236435.
A sermond on the Solemn League and Covenant, Nehemiah IX, 38.

Greene, John, Nehemiah's teares and prayers for Judah's affliction, and the ruines and repaire of Jerusalem. Delivered in a sermon in the Church of Magarets Westminster, before the Honourable House of Commons upon the day of their monethly humiliation, April 24. 1644. By John Greene Master of Arts, late pastour of Pencomb in the countie of Hereford , EEBO.

Pinkerton, James, A Godly Exposition Upon Certain Chapters of Nehemiah. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Five, CD #27

*Preston, John (1587-1628), The Golden Sceptre Held Forth to the Humble (Morgan, PA: Soli Deo Gloria Publications, 1990). ISBN: 1877611174 9781877611179.
This book is comprised of six sermons on 2 Chronicles 7:14: `If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land,' just one verse that succinctly gives the Biblical solution to terrorism. Sermons are on Affliction, Humiliation, Seeking god's face, Turning from evil, Forgiveness to those who forsake sin, and Sin as the cause of all calamities.

*RENWICK, JAMES, The Right of Dissent From an Immoral Civil Government (Cerlox Bound Photocopy Series. Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #26, ISBN: 0921148224 9780921148227.
"Maintains the hard-core covenanter position, the great principle of dissent and separation from immoral civil governments. Argues that mere existence does not qualify a civil government as 'the ordinance of God' (Romans 13:2). Answers common objections to this position, including how Joseph, Nehemiah and Daniel could hold office under immoral civil governments. Renwick was a hunted Covenanter minister, who was martyred (at 26 years of age) for his uncompromising defense of the work of covenanted reformation. Willson's book, CIVIL GOVERNMENT and Samuel B. Wylie's softcover book TWO SONS OF OIL: OR, THE FAITHFUL WITNESS FOR MAGISTRACY AND MINISTRY UPON A SCRIPTURAL BASIS." -- SWRB

Trapp, John, A Commentary or Exposition upon the Books of Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job and Psalms, wherein the text is explained, some controversies are discussed, sundry cases of conscience are cleared, and many remarkable matters hinted, that had by former interpreters been pretermitted. In all which divers other texts of Scripture, which occasionally are fully opened, and the whole so intermixed with pertinent histories, as will yield both pleasure and profit to the judicious reader. 1657 (1865-1868 edition). Alternative title: A Commentary on the Books of Ezra, Nehemiah, Ester, Job, and Psalms. Also includes "God's Love Tokens, and The Afflicted Man's Lessons, brought to light and laid before him in two fruitful and seasonable discourses upon Rev 3:19, comforting under and directing unto a right use of our personal and public crosses and calamities." Indexed. Various authors: Bible commentaries (Psalms), Puritan Bookshelf 32 CD Set, #23 (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 2001). Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Three, CD #15. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.

Various authors: Bible commentaries (Numbers -- Nehemiah), Puritan Bookshelf 32 CD Set, #21 (Edmonton, AB, Canada: Still Waters Revival Books, 2001).

See also: The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness
TCRB5: 2527



Servant Leadership

See the Theological Notes, "Pleasing God," at 1 Thessalonians 2:6 in The Reformation Study Bible.

See the Theological Notes, "Christ the Mediator," at 1 Timothy 2:5 in The Reformation Study Bible.

In Deuteronomy 17 the king is charged to ' . . . read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, to keep all the words of this law . . . .' (Deut. 17:19).

See Isaiah 40:1--55:13 and annotations in The Reformation Study Bible

The four "Servant Songs" of Isaiah are Isaiah 42:1-9; 49:1-7; 50:4-11; 52:13--53:12. See the annotations in The Reformation Study Bible

See the Theological Notes, "Christians in the World," at Colossians 2:20 in The Reformation Study Bible.

But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first. -- Jesus Christ (Matthew 19:30)

Our Triune God has ordained that authority, power, and leadership devolves to those who know the most Truth (the Apostle Paul, Saint Augustine, Martin Luther, John Calvin, The Scots Worthies . . . ). Preeminent among those is the Lord Christ, the God Man, Our Righteousness. (John 1:1-18; Matthew 19:30; Matthew 28:18-20; Isaiah 49:7; Colossians 1:16-19; Colossians 2:9,10; Hebrews 12:1,2; Revelations 5:1-14; Revelation 19:11-15; Revelation 20:11-15; Revelation 22:12, and so forth, and so on.)

You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those who are great exercise authority over them. Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your servant. And whoever desires to be first among you, let him be your slave -- just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many. -- Jesus Christ (Matthew 20:25-28)

For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake. (2 Corinthians 4:5)

Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:
And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:
That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;
And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
(Philippians 2:5-11)

For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.
But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,
And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues,
And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.
But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren.
And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.
Neither be ye called masters: for one is your Master, even Christ.
But he that is greatest among you shall be your servant.
And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.
But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye neither go in yourselves, neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in.
Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation.
Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye compass sea and land to make one proselyte, and when he is made, ye make him twofold more the child of hell than yourselves.
-- Jesus Christ (Matthew 23:4-15)

Therefore seeing we have this ministry, as we have received mercy, we faint not;
But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.
But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost:
In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake.
For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us.
We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, but not in despair;
Persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed;
Always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body.
For we which live are alway delivered unto death for Jesus' sake, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our mortal flesh.
So then death worketh in us, but life in you.
We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken; we also believe, and therefore speak;
Knowing that he which raised up the Lord Jesus shall raise up us also by Jesus, and shall present us with you.
For all things are for your sakes, that the abundant grace might through the thanksgiving of many redound to the glory of God.
For which cause we faint not; but though our outward man perish, yet the inward man is renewed day by day.
For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory;
While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen are temporal; but the things which are not seen are eternal.
(2 Corinthians 4:1-18)

Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness? (Romans 6:16)

But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption. (1 Corinthians 1:30)

And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven. (Colossians 1:20)

And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints. (Revelation 15:3)

At this I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, "Do not do it! I am a fellow servant with you and with your brothers who hold to the testimony of Jesus. Worship God! For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy. (Revelation 19:10)

To [James] Thornwell, the real issue is not the relation between states and the church, but the relation between states and Christ. Although Thornwell opposed the establishment of a single denomination over another, he clearly supported a Christian government: "The state realizes its religious character through the religious character of its subjects; and a state is and ought to be Christian, because all its subjects are and ought to be determined by the principles of the gospel." [Thornwell, "National Sins," p. 517] To this point, states must acknowledge Jesus Christ. Thornwell insisted that it is not enough for a state "to acknowledge in general terms the supremacy of God; it must also acknowledge in general terms the supremacy of His Son." Jesus "is the ruler of the nations, the King of kings, and the Lord of lords." [Thornwell, "Relation of the State to Christ," p. 554] Thornwell argued that "religion of the state is embodied in its constitution," and that it is legitimate for the state to have a religion (i.e., Christianity). Neutrality is impossible. . . . Further, the state must mold its institutions in conformance with Christian principles.
Although Thornwell sought less protection of the church than did the Covenanters, their beliefs regarding this topic are not inconsistent. They both held the state accountable as a moral agent to recognize Christ as king and to protect Christianity. Thornwell, like Christ, focused his attack on the false church, not the errant state, for Christ's zeal is for the house of the Lord. Exclusively attacking the externals of civil society was not the way of our Lord when on this earth; however, his silence is not an endorsement.
Thornwell contended that the gospel is the only solution for the state. Therefore, Christians should avoid conflicts that distract from the primary object of Christianity. The power of the gospel is the only force that can change the inner man and eventually transform the outer world. These changes can only take place in the context of the church, and reformation must begin with God's people. -- Edwin Nesbit Moore, Our Covenant Heritage, p. 351.

"Against the totalitarianism of the pagan world empires, Christ taught the limitation of state power and the separation of church and state: `Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's' (Matthew 22:21). Neither Caesar nor any other mere man was pontifex maximus. Christ himself was the way, the truth, and the life, the only mediator between God and man (John 14:6; 1 Timothy 2:5). He explicitly denied the political theory and practice of the pagans: `You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those who are great exercise dominion over them. Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your servant' (Matthew 20:25-26). Christ demanded that rulers -- both civil and ecclesiastical -- serve, not control, the people. He outlined a limited role for civil government, not as the shaper of souls, as in pagan philosophies, but simply as the punisher of criminals. He founded a church whose government was representative and republican, whose officers were elected by the people, and whose constitution—the Bible—was written. Inspired by his words, the American Founders made their plans for a new Republic, a government of the people, by the people, and for the people.(13)
The early Christians, condemned by pagans such as Celsus and Porphyry(14) as stupid, foolish, and superstitious, were not killed for their stupidity, but because they rejected the highest value of pagan society: worship of the totalitarian state in the person of the Emperor. The Christians rejected Aristotle (`The state is the highest of all. Citizens belong to the state.') and believed Christ. Christ, in dying for the salvation of individual men, exalted both the individual and God. God is eternal and men are immortal; nations and rulers come and go with surprising rapidity, but individual souls live forever. Rome is not an eternal city; only individual men enjoy everlasting life.
"Christ taught that man was a creature of God and the lord of creation. Man’s ancestry was not animal, but divine, and the Earth was made for man. Individual men were immortal; what they believed and did on Earth would have eternal consequences. After death, they did not descend into some shadowland, but each was required to give an account of his life to his maker and judge. All men were equal before God and his law, and each man would be judged individually. The classes of ancient society—the nobles, the proletariat, the slaves, the citizens, the men, the women, the Jews, the barbarians -- meant nothing to God. In the new Christian faith, `There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus' (Galatians 3:8).
"Christ's kingdom grows only by persuasion, never by coercion(15) -- it is a republic of knowledge, truth, and doctrine, not an empire of dominion, compulsion, or violence -- and it has taken centuries for some Christian ideas to be understood and believed. Nevertheless, as the anguished wailing of Friedrich Nietzsche in the nineteenth century so clearly indicates, the absorption of Christian ideas has been widespread, though far from complete." -- John W. Robbins in , Part 2 of 4 Christ and Civilization

There is great transforming power in the New Testament sacrificial love of Christ Jesus that says "Not my will, but thine be done." -- Jesus Christ (Luke 22:42)

Autry, James A., The Servant Leader: How to Build a Creative Team, Develop Great Morale, and Improve Bottom-Line Performance, ISBN: 1400054737 9781400054732.

*Baxter, Richard, The Reformed Pastor: Baxter's Practical Works, Vol. 4 (Morgan, PA: Soli Deo Gloria Publications, 2000, 1992), ISBN: 1877611360.
"This is the fourth and final volume in this great set. Includes, [`Compassionate Counsel to all Young Men,'] `The Reformed Pastor' `Poor Man's Family Book,' `The Catechizing of Families,' and `The Mother's Catechism,' in all 25 sermons, treatises, and catechisms. Dr. J.I. Packer says, `For me, the great joy of this year is that it see the completion of Soli Deo Gloria's reprint of Baxter's incomparable PRACTICAL WORKS'." -- GCB

Blanchard, Kenneth H., and Phil Hodges, The Servant Leader: Transforming Your Heart, Head, Hands, and Habits, ISBN: 0849996597 9780849996597.

Blanchard, Kenneth H., and Phil Hodges, Lead Like Jesus: Lessons from the Greatest Leadership Role Model of All Time (W Publishing Group, January 31, 2006), ISBN: 9781400314201 1400314208.
" 'The more I read the Bible, the more evident it becomes that everything I have ever taught or written about effective leadership over the past 25 years, Jesus did to perfection. He is simply the greatest leadership role model of all time'." -- Ken Blanchard
"Effective leadership -- whether on the job, in the community, at church or in the home -- starts on the inside. Before you can hope to lead anyone else, you have to know who you are. Every leader must answer two critical questions: Whose are you going to be? Who are you going to be? One deals with your relationship to Christ. The other with your life purpose.
"With simple yet profound principles from the life of Jesus, and dozens of stories and leadership examples from his life experiences, veteran author, speaker and leadership expert Ken Blanchard, guides readers through the process of discovering how to lead like Jesus. It really could be described as the process of aligning two internal domains-the heart and the head-and two external domains, the hands and the habits. These four dimensions of leadership form the outline for this very practical and transformational book." -- Publisher's Annotation "Ken Blanchard is the Chief Spiritual Officer of the Ken Blanchard Companies, a full-service management consulting and training company that he and his wife, Margie, founded in 1979. Ken co-authored THE ONE MINUTE MANAGER with Spencer Johnson that has sold more than ten million copies and been translated into more than twenty-five languages. Some of his recent books are: LEAD LIKE JESUS: LESSONS FROM THE GREATEST LEADERSHIP ROLE MODEL OF ALL TIME, LEADING AT A HIGHER LEVEL, RAVING FANS, GUNG HO, LEADERSHIP BY THE BOOK, WHALE DONE!, THE GENEROSITY FACTOR and THE ONE MINUTE APOLOGY. Ken is one of today’s most sought-after authors, speakers and business consultants, and he is the co-founder and Chairman of the National Advisory Board of Lead Like Jesus, a non-profit ministry committed to inspiring and equipping people to Lead Like Jesus. Ken has degrees from Cornell University, where he also serves as a trustee emeritus and visiting lecturer." -- Lead Like Jesus website
Lead Like Jesus
http://www.faithwalkleadership.com/templates/System/default.asp?id=36749

Boston, Thomas, Love to God and Our Neighbour, the Sum of the Ten Commandments. In The Complete Works of the Reverend Thomas Boston. (2:74-84). Also in An Illustration of the Doctrines of the Christian Religion. (1:9-2:659)

Boston, Thomas, The Saints God's Servants and His Property. The Complete Works of the Reverend Thomas Boston, volumes 1-12, (9:439-81). Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #6, ISBN: 0921148771 9780921148777. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Two, CD #8.

*BROWN, JOHN (of Edinburgh, 1784-1858), The Sufferings and Glories of the Messiah: An Exposition of Psalm XVIII and Isaiah LII 13-LIII 12 (Edinburgh: W. Oliphant, 1853), ISBN: 0801007925 9780801007927. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive.

*DURHAM, JAMES, Christ crucified: or, the marrow of the Gospel, evidently holden forth in seventy two sermons on the whole fifty third chapter of Isaiah. . . . By . . . Mr. James Durham, . . . The fifth edition, carefully corrected Edinburgh, 1726. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Puritan Bookshelf CD #32. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #22. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #21, ISBN: 0921148992 9780921148999.

Edwards, Jonathan, Christ the Example of Ministers. In The Works of Jonathan Edwards, (2:960-65).

Fuller, Andrew, Importance of Union of Public and Private Interests in the Service of God. In The Complete Works of Andrew Fuller (1:469-74).

*Hall, David W., Savior or Servant? Putting Government in its Place, ISBN: 0965036715 9780965036719.
Table of Contents
"Savior or Servant? is the single best volume of Christian thinking on the issue of the increasingly intrusive state . . . Theology at its very best: orthodox, relevant, and provocative." -- George Grant
"SAVIOR OR SERVANT? PUTTING GOVERNMENT IN ITS PLACE is an attempt to define the role of the state: Shall it be a minister or a Messiah? Using ancient but timeless information, David W. Hall has surveyed the Bible and arrived at a coherent theology of the state. This study succeeds in identifying the responsibilities that the civil state is mandated to do, permitted to do, and prohibited from doing. Along the way, it is discovered that all political schemes and issues are fraught with theological value. Moreover, the most enduring grid to keep government in its rightful place is found in the Bible. Drawing upon thousands of verses and hundreds of thinkers, this volume is comprehensive yet readable. Theologians from Augustine to Calvin and from Aquinas to Barth are studied and presented in a non-technical manner. The Christian who is interested in politics should absorb these summaries before launching out into unstudied political activism. Rather than adopting a politics-as-usual posture, Hall challenges partisans from the right and from the left. He summons Christians to the old paths, which God's Word has occupied for centuries. Discussed in these chapters are perennial matters of practical importance, such as: taxation; resistance to evil governments; methods of influence; the escalation of rights; limited government; moral qualities for leaders; separation of powers. This book will provide excellent fodder for discussion and guidance. It returns spiritual principles to their place, while seeking to put government in its proper place.
SAVIOR OR SERVANT? is a revival of a classic approach to limited government. In a time when nations are finally beginning to shrink bloated governments, a surprising source commends itself as an able assistant in reform. The scriptural view of the state, removed from the varied fads of political science, provides an enduring perspective by which to measure all states. This study begins with a survey of biblical teaching on pressing matters of state today. Following the contours of the Old and New Testaments, SAVIOR OR SERVANT? calls all levels of government to a servant posture, rather than allowing officials to dominate. A historical tracing of the best and most pertinent that theology has to offer on the subject is contained in these pages." -- Publisher's Annotation
From Reformation to Revolution: 1500-1650, Chapter 10: Savior or Servant? Putting Government in Its Place
http://capo.org/premise/96/mar/p960304.html

Hunter, James C., The Servant: A Simple Story About the True Essence of Leadership, ISBN: 0761513698 9780761513698.

Hunter, James C., The World's Most Powerful Leadership Principle: How to Become a Servant Leader, ISBN: 140005334X 9781400053346.
"This recent book is a clear articulation of servant leadership." -- Alan Huntington

Jennings, Ken, The Serving Leader: 5 Powerful Actions That Will Transform Your Team, Your Business, and Your Community, ISBN: 1576752658 9781576752654.

Kahl, Jack, Leading From the Heart: Choosing to Be a Servant Leader, ISBN: 0975864106 9780975864104.

*Lindsay, Franklin D., The Servant Song: A Study in Isaiah (Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 1985), ISBN: 0802440932 9780802440938
"Expounds the Servant Songs of Isaiah in such a way as to provide students of God's Word with the clearest and most complete picture of Christ in the Old Testament. Lindsey's contribution is balanced and well reasoned. Preachers will find this volume to be invaluable." -- Cyril J. Barber

Miller, C. John, The Heart of a Servant Leader: Letters from Jack Miller (Presbyterian and Reformed, 2005), ISBN: 0875527159 9780875527154.
"The late Jack Miller was a man wonderfully used by God to help the American church rediscover the impact of the Gospel of Grace. The ripples of his ministry continue to have impact today. This book, lovingly compiled and edited by Jack's daughter Barbara Miller Juliani, contains many of Jack Miller's letters to all kinds of people- ministers, elders, counselors, and just ordinary Christians. His focus is always Christ and His grace. His message is always clear, humble and loving, and yet very convicting and powerful. These letters were for me, models of applying the Gospel to a lot of situations. Be warned, these letters will stretch you and expose your own self-righteousness and self-protective patterns.
"The book is divided into sections by theme: Motivation for Serving: The Glory of God; The Basics of Serving: Faith, Humility, and Prayer; Perservering in Serving; and Encouragment. I found myself frequently underlining paragraphs in these letters and have already emailed some quotes to some friends for their encouragement. I highly recommend this book to anyone who is interested in ministry, growing in their faith, or just how the Gospel is for Christians and non-Christians alike!" -- Reader's Comment

Miller, Calvin, The Empowered Leader: 10 Keys to Servant Leadership, ISBN: 0805411453 9780805411454.
"You will learn ten valuable keys to the life of a servant leader, which include: fostering an honest servant image; learning the art of self-perception; networking; vision; decision making; defining, structuring, and motivating; the politics of grace and the abuse of power; and coping with difficult people. The book is not just geared for pastors, but for any leader wanting to lead from a Christian worldview. I recommend THE EMPOWERED LEADER to all God called leaders." -- Reader Comment

Miller, Darrow L. and Stan Guthrie, Discipling Nations: The Power of Truth to Transform Cultures, 2nd edition (YWAM Publishing, June 2001), ISBN: 1576580156 9781576580158.
"In DISCIPLING NATIONS, Darrow Miller walks us through the ever-unfolding nature of the relationship between God and man-the Scriptures-revealing a very clear, evidential and logical Development Ethic that can only be understood, and therefore, realized, in the context of the Biblical worldview. Unveiling the other prevailing world views, Miller exposes the inevitable implications and consequences they have on human development and boldly builds a case for intolerance of these lies -- lies that impoverish individual souls and entire nations.
"Having implications not only upon Relief and Development, DISCIPLING NATIONS is a must-read for every Christian! Pastors, Counselors, Educators, Scientists, Mathematicians, Physicists, Astronomers and Technologists, as well as Christian Fundamentalists and Apologist, can all derive benefit from the continuity and comprehensiveness of this book. I think they will find many ground-breaking, certainly thought-provoking, and, hopefully, transformational, Truths and ideas, that, to this point, and for many reasons, have not yet had the impact that God intended on their lives and/or their vocations. Such has been the case for me. For others, especially those already engaged in Relief & Development work, it will be controversial -- challenging their worldviews and calling for the transformation of their own minds before even considering developing others." -- Reader Comment

Rinehart, Stacy T., Upside Down: The Paradox of Servant Leadership, ISBN: 1576830799 9781576830796.

Rardin, Richard, The Servant's Guide to Leadership: Beyond First Principles (Selah Publishing, January 2001), ISBN: 1589300149 9781589300149.
"THE SERVANT'S GUIDE TO LEADERSHIP takes a fresh look at leadership in the church. Here you'll find solid Biblical principles matched by practical and personal applications. You'll be encouraged to take specific steps to deal with issues of the heart, and then to apply the principles to personal leadership approaches. The Servant's Guide to Leadership, especially when complemented by the workbook, BECOMING A SERVANT SHEPHERD LEADER, is an excellent resource for taking staff and lay leaders through an eight week study and application of biblical principles for leading.
"Richard Rardin brings over thirty years of experience in Fortune 500 companies developing and coaching leaders. But it is his unswerving commitment to the biblical message of leadership that has shaped his ministry and writing. In 1998, he launched Servant Shepherd Ministries to call local churches and parachurch organizations back to the biblical standard of Christ-centered leadership.
"He resides in Newtown, Connecticut with his wife and two children where he also serves in a variety of leadership roles at Walnut Hill Community Church in neighboring Bethel, CT.
"Rardin holds a BA degree from Wake Forest University, an MA from Northern Illinois University and an MS degree in Organizational Behavior from California American University, where he studied with Paul Hersey, Ken Blanchard, and Marshall Goldsmith." -- Publisher's Annotation

Richards, Lawrence O., and Clyde Hoeldtke, A Theology of Church Leadership (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1980), ISBN: 0310520916 9780310520917.
"This seminal assessment of the needs of the church denounces authoritarian and secular methods of managerial leadership and stresses, instead, the authority of the Word, submission to Christ as the true Head, and servant leadership, which is dynamically different from the usual methodologies practiced by many `shepherds' today." -- Cyril J. Barber

Scipione, George, Timothy, Titus and You: A Workbook for Church Leaders, (Phillipsburg, NJ: Presbyterian Reformed Publishing Co., 1985, c1976; San Diego, CA: CCEF West). ISBN: 0916034011 9780916034016.
"Reprint of Scipione's 1975 book. A tool for training elders that forces them to confront the Scriptures in personalized detail. Nine lessons work through the elder's calling, prayer life, relationship to women, qualifications for office, challenge to discernment, management of God's household, discipline of others, wisdom in biblical counseling, and charge to faithfulness." -- David Powlison
Institute of Biblical Counseling and Discipleship (formerly CCEF West)
http://www.ibcd.org/

Turner, William B., The Learning of Love: A Journey Toward Servant Leadership, ISBN: 1573123110 9781573123112.

WELCH, JOHN, The great gospel sumonds [sic], to close with Christ under the pain of the highest rebellion against the great God of heaven, being the substance of a . . . sermon preached . . . at Nemphlar-Bank, in the parish of Lanrick, Feb: 20: 1676. By Mr. John Welsh . . . Edinburgh, 1710. Available on the forthcoming SWRB Hard Drive. Available on Puritan Bookshelf CD #25. Available on The Amazing Christian Library, DVD Five, CD #30.
Welsh, John (of Iron-Gray, son of Josia Welch), Sermon on the great Gospel summonds to close with Christ, Isaiah 53:5, 1676
http://www.covenanter.org/Sermons/welshsermon.htm

Wilkes, C. Gene, Jesus on leadership: Becoming a Servant Leader, ISBN: 0805493506 9780805493504.

See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), The inspiration and infallibility of scripture (the doctrine of revelation, the doctrine of plenary inspiration, the doctrine of divine inspiration, the doctrine of verbal inspiration, Justice, the theology of judgment, god's final judgment, the great white throne judgment, the day of the lord, The ten commandments, The person and work of christ (christology), Casuistry, cases of conscience, Covenant theology, Church and state, The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, The blood of christ, The sufficiency of christ, The teachings of our lord jesus christ, Christ our example, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Sexual relationship, Manhood, Power, History, "his-story," The promises of christ, Christ's influence on western civilization, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Church and state, The holy bible, Casuistry and conscience, Ethics, Medical ethics, The local church, Intercessory prayer, Authority, Power, Power religion, Church leadership
TCRB5: 603, 2075, 3240, 3895, 3901, 4123
MGTP: Service, Ministry (Pastoral), Love (Toward Men)

Related WebLinks

"The One Foundation," a sermon by C.H. Spurgeon
Preaching on the text "For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ." (1 Corinthians 3:11)
Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit, 1879, Sermon 1494.
"As churches we are not legislators, but subjects; it is not for us to frame constitutions, invent offices, and decree rites and ceremonies, but we are to take everything out of the mouth of Christ, and to do what he bids us, as he bids us, and when he bids us. Parliaments and kings have no authority whatever in the church, but Christ alone rules therein. If any portion of a church be not based upon Christ it is a mere deforming addition to the plan of the great Architect, and mars the temple which God has built, and not man. What a blessed thing it is to feel that you belong to a church which has a rock under it, because it is constituted by Christ's authority. We feel safe in following an ordinance which is of his commanding, but we should tremble if we had only custom and human authority for it. . . .
"When sermons are preached without so much as the mention of Christ's name, it takes more than charity, it requires you to tell a lie to say 'That was a Christian sermon;' and if any people find their joy in a teaching which casts the Lord Jesus into the background, they are not his church, or else such teaching would be an abomination to them. . . .
"All the decrees of popes and councils, all the resolutions of assemblies, synods, presbyteries, and associations, and all the ordinances of men as individuals, however great they be, when they are all put together, if they at all differ from the law of Christ, are mere wind and waste paper, nay, worse, they are treasonable insults to the majesty of King Jesus. Those who build apart from the authority of Christ build off of the foundation, and their fabric will fall. There is no law and no authority in a true church but that of Christ himself; we who are his ministers are his servants and the servants of the church, and not lords or law-makers. To his law a faithful church brings all things as to the sure test. As churches we are not legislators, but subjects; it is not for us to frame constitutions, invent offices, and decree rites and ceremonies, but we are to take everything out of the mouth of Christ, and to do what he bids us, as he bids us, and when he bids us. Parliaments and kings have no authority whatever in the church, but Christ alone rules therein."
"Let us put this, our first point, in a few sentences. It is not the union of men with men that makes a church if Jesus Christ be not the centre and the bond of the union. The best of men may come into bonds of amity, and they may form a league, or a federation, for good and useful purposes, but they are not a church unless Jesus Christ be the basis upon which they rest. He must be the ground and foundation of the hope of each and of all." -- C.H. Spurgeon
http://www.spurgeongems.org/vols25-27/chs1494.pdf

"The Way to Honour" a sermon by C.H. Spurgeon.
Preaching on the text "Whoso keepeth the fig tree shall eat the fruit thereof: so he that waiteth on his master shall be honoured" (Proverbs 27:18), Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit, 1873, Sermon 1118.
But now we shall speak of a higher Master, who was never unfaithful to a servant yet, and never will be; and we shall speak of a superior service, which brings to those who are engaged in it the highest possible degree of honour. Blessed are they who are servants of the King of kings. Happy is he who takes even the lowest place, and fulfills the meanest office for the Lord Jesus, if any service can be mean that is rendered to our all-glorious Immanuel. . . .
"It is ours, also, if we are servants, to obey the Master willingly and for love of his person. The text says, 'He that waiteth upon his master shall be honoured.' Suppose I, as a minister, know something to be God's will, yet, nevertheless, attend to it with the view of serving you and doing you good as God's church; I shall possibly receive honour from you whom I serve, but that is not the honour which a Christian minister ought to seek. The church is not his master; his Master is in heaven, and if he desires real honour, he must earn it by waiting upon his Master for his Master's sake. . . ."
http://www.spurgeongems.org/vols19-21/chs1118.pdf

Servant Leadership School
"The Servant Leadership School is an ecumenical center for theological reflection and spiritual formation located in Washington, DC.
"Our mission is to nurture, equip, and embolden individuals and communities to GROW into the likeness of Jesus Christ, DISCOVER God's purpose for their lives, and RESPOND in faith and through sacrificial action."
http://www.slschool.org/

Lead Like Jesus
"The Center for Faith Walk Leadership is the organization at the center of proclaiming the mission of teaching people to 'lead like Jesus,' according to co-founder Phil Hodges.
" 'The issue here,' he said, 'is whether you're going to be a servant leader or a self-serving leader.'
"Hodges could be talking about all of us, but in this post-election season, the focus is on those in government, the public servants of the United States. He has this advice for those who would be servant-leaders.
" 'The first thing is having a sense of your leadership as a "season of influence",' he said.
"But the most important thing would be that 'the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom' -- and the fear of man is a trap.
"Hodges said it is often the fear of constituents -- especially contributors -- that causes politicians to squander the influence for good that they might have. Caz McCaslin, the president of Upward Unlimited, noted that there are exceptions to those who would cave in pressure.
" 'There are some people in politics that are willing to say, "You know what, I'm going to stand up for what I believe," ' McCaslin said. 'I think some of the very best things we could do is go back to the very beginnings of what the Scripture tells us, that the best way to lead is to serve.'
http://www.faithwalkleadership.com/templates/System/default.asp?id=36749



Selection of Covenant Heads for Positions of Leadership

See the Theological Notes, "Sanctification: The Spirit and the Flesh," at 1 Corinthians 6:11 in The Reformation Study Bible.

See the Theological Notes, "The Fall" at Genesis 3:6 in The Reformation Study Bible.

See the Theological Notes, "Christians and Civil Government," at Romans 13:1 in The Reformation Study Bible.

See the Theological Notes, "Christians in the World," at Colossians 2:20 in The Reformation Study Bible.

See the Theological Notes, "Christ the Mediator," at 1 Timothy 2:5 in The Reformation Study Bible.

The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God. (2 Samuel 23:3)

The Treasury of David, Psalm 4, C.H. Spurgeon
http://www.spurgeon.org/treasury/ps004.htm

The Treasury of David, Psalm 20, C.H. Spurgeon
http://www.spurgeon.org/treasury/ps020.htm

The Treasury of David, Psalm 21, C.H. Spurgeon
http://www.spurgeon.org/treasury/ps021.htm

The Treasury of David, Psalm 45, C.H. Spurgeon
http://www.spurgeon.org/treasury/ps045.htm

The Treasury of David, Psalm 72, C.H. Spurgeon
http://www.spurgeon.org/treasury/ps072.htm

The Treasury of David, Psalm 96; 93-99, C.H. Spurgeon
http://www.spurgeon.org/treasury/ps096.htm

The Treasury of David, Psalm 110, C.H. Spurgeon
http://www.spurgeon.org/treasury/ps110.htm

For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof: but by a man of understanding and knowledge the state thereof shall be prolonged. (Proverbs 28:2) See annotations in The Reformation Study Bible

When righteous men do rejoice, there is great glory: but when the wicked rise, a man is hidden. (Proverbs 28:12) See annotations in The Reformation Study Bible

Many seek the ruler's favour; but every man's judgment cometh from the Lord (Proverbs 29:26) See annotations in The Reformation Study Bible

For the Lord is Our Judge, the Lord is Our Lawgiver, the Lord is Our King; He will save us. (Isaiah 33:22)

See Isaiah 40:1--55:13 and annotations in The Reformation Study Bible

See Isaiah 41:21-24 and annotation in The Reformation Study Bible.

His watchmen are blind: they are all ignorant, they are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber.
Yea, they are greedy dogs which can never have enough, and they are shepherds that cannot understand: they all look to their own way, every one for his gain, from his quarter.
Come ye, say they, I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day, and much more abundant.
(Isaiah 56:10-12) See the annotation in The Reformation Study Bible.

My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children.
As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will I change their glory into shame. They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity. And there shall be, like people, like priest: and I will punish them for their ways, and reward them their doings. For they shall eat, and not have enough: they shall commit whoredom, and shall not increase: because they have left off to take heed to the LORD. Whoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart.
(Hosea 4:6-11)

The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue.
The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.
And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.
Although my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow.
But the sons of Belial shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands:
But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.
(2 Samuel 23:2-7), The Last Words of David (Also see Psalms 2 and 72. Psalm 72 is thought to be the last Psalm of David because of verse 20.)

See the Theological Notes, "God Reigns: Divine Sovereignty," at Daniel 4:34, page 1339, in The Reformation Study Bible

The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. (John 1:29)

But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them.
But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister;
And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant:
Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
-- Jesus Christ (Matthew 20:25-28)

The fool hath said in his heart,
There is no God.
They are corrupt,
they have done abominable works,
there is none that doeth good.
(Psalm 14:1)
See the Theological Notes, "Mankind's Guilty Knowledge of God" at Romans 1:29, page 1767, and the note at Psalm 14:1, page 766 in The Reformation Study Bible

The priests said not, Where is the LORD? and they that handle the law knew me not: the pastors also transgressed against me, and the prophets prophesied by Baal, and walked after things that do not profit. (Jeremiah 2:8)

I endeavoured to show you that "judgment" there [John 12:31] refers to the rule and government of the world, to be conferred on the Son by the Father, as the merited reward of his labours and sufferings in the cause of righteousness, and as the means of his carrying out, to entire accomplishment, his plans for promoting the glory of God and the happiness of mankind, [emphasis added] -- a sense in which the term is very often used in the Old Testament prophecies concerning the Messiah, and in which our Lord uses it in reference to himself when, unfolding the character of the new economy, he says, "The Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment to the Son;" (John 5:22) and in which the apostle Paul also employs it, when he says that Jesus Christ is appointed to judge the world [John 5:22. Acts 17:31]. . . . -- John Brown (of Edinburgh, 1784-1858), Discourses and Sayings of Our Lord Jesus Christ, III:418

Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth. Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him. (Psalm 2:10-12)

My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me.
If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or [whether] I speak of myself.
He that speaketh of himself seeketh his own glory: but he that seeketh his glory that sent him, the same is true, and no unrighteousness is in him.
Did not Moses give you the law, and [yet] none of you keepeth the law? Why go ye about to kill me?
-- Jesus Christ (John 7:16b-19)

Because I live, ye shall live also. -- Jesus Christ (John 14:19)
As the Divine favour, which is the source of the life of Christ, as God-man -- Mediator -- manifests itself in the anointing him with the oil of gladness above his fellows, giving him the Holy Spirit as the spirit of holy gladness above measure, so does God fill all the members of the living head with the same Spirit, "the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus," from a regard to the great atonement, giving them the promised Spirit, that they may be "sanctified wholly in the whole man, soul, body, and spirit," "strengthened with all might in the inner man," enabled to "walk up and down in his name," "making mention of his righteousness, even of his only." (Romans 8:2; 1 Corinthians 1:2; 6:11; 1 Thesselonians 5:23; Colossians 1:11; Zechariah 10:12) Their life of holiness and happiness proceeds from the same source, and comes through the same channels, as his.
It has been with equal truth and beauty said, that "all those exercises of holy thought and holy feeling, of holy disposition and holy conduct, which constitute what is termed the spiritual life, are prompted and sustained by an influence derived from him their exalted Prince and Saviour, the channel through which, according to the constitution of mercy, essential Deity, the source of all holy happiness, pours forth its purifying, refreshing streams into the human heart; or, to change the figure, that all the manifestations of holy activity and enjoyment which appear in the character and exercise of Christ's true disciples, are but, as it were, the pulsations and the vital operations in the limbs, of the life which, proceeding ultimately from the Deity, the fountain of life, is distributed as from a reservoir by him who is the head, and circulates thence through the whole extent of the sacred body, in heaven and in earth, `the fulness of him who filleth all in all'." (Brown Patterson) Thus do believers, even here, in this land of darkness and death, live, and live in union to, and in conformity with, their living Lord. . . . -- John Brown (of Edinburgh, 1784-1858), Discourses and Sayings of Our Lord Jesus Christ, III:132-133

The Ten Commandments not only safeguard the right of private property, but are also additional evidence that the right is divenly ordained. -- C. Gregg Singer, "Calvinism and Economic Thought and Practice" in John Calvin: His Roots and Fruits, p. 46

The wealthy stand as magistrates in the economic arena and have the same duty of stewardship as do those who hold political office. -- C. Gregg Singer, "Calvinism and Economic Thought and Practice" in John Calvin: His Roots and Fruits, p. 46

"Against the totalitarianism of the pagan world empires, Christ taught the limitation of state power and the separation of church and state: `Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s' (Matthew 22:21). Neither Caesar nor any other mere man was pontifex maximus. Christ himself was the way, the truth, and the life, the only mediator between God and man (John 14:6; 1 Timothy 2:5). He explicitly denied the political theory and practice of the pagans: `You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those who are great exercise dominion over them. Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your servant' (Matthew 20:25-26). Christ demanded that rulers -- both civil and ecclesiastical -- serve, not control, the people. He outlined a limited role for civil government, not as the shaper of souls, as in pagan philosophies, but simply as the punisher of criminals. He founded a church whose government was representative and republican, whose officers were elected by the people, and whose constitution—the Bible -- was written. Inspired by his words, the American Founders made their plans for a new Republic, a government of the people, by the people, and for the people.(13)
"The early Christians, condemned by pagans such as Celsus and Porphyry(14) as stupid, foolish, and superstitious, were not killed for their stupidity, but because they rejected the highest value of pagan society: worship of the totalitarian state in the person of the Emperor. The Christians rejected Aristotle (`The state is the highest of all. Citizens belong to the state.') and believed Christ. Christ, in dying for the salvation of individual men, exalted both the individual and God. God is eternal and men are immortal; nations and rulers come and go with surprising rapidity, but individual souls live forever. Rome is not an eternal city; only individual men enjoy everlasting life.
"Christ taught that man was a creature of God and the lord of creation. Man's ancestry was not animal, but divine, and the Earth was made for man. Individual men were immortal; what they believed and did on Earth would have eternal consequences. After death, they did not descend into some shadowland, but each was required to give an account of his life to his maker and judge. All men were equal before God and his law, and each man would be judged individually. The classes of ancient society -- the nobles, the proletariat, the slaves, the citizens, the men, the women, the Jews, the barbarians -- meant nothing to God. In the new Christian faith, `There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus' (Galatians 3:8). "Christ’s kingdom grows only by persuasion, never by coercion(15)— it is a republic of knowledge, truth, and doctrine, not an empire of dominion, compulsion, or violence—and it has taken centuries for some Christian ideas to be understood and believed. Nevertheless, as the anguished wailing of Friedrich Nietzsche in the nineteenth century so clearly indicates, the absorption of Christian ideas has been widespread, though far from complete." -- John W. Robbins in , Part 2 of 4 Christ and Civilization

"Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son." (2 John 9)

When justice is taken away, what are kingdoms but a vast banditry. -- Augustine in City of God IV. iv (MPL [Migne, J.P., Patrologiae cursus completus, series Latina] 41. 115; tr. NPNF [A Select Library of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, second series] II. 66)

The simple and obvious notion that false teaching is the indicator by which we recognize false teachers clarifies and explains the meaning of this whole passage. In the verses immediately prior to verse 21, Jesus had been warning of false prophets. He said,

Beware of false prophets who come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravenous wolves. You will know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes from thornbushes or figs from thistles? Even so, every good tree bears good fruit, but a bad tree bears bad fruit. A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a bad tree bear good fruit. Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. Therefore by their fruits you will know them. -- Jesus Christ (Matthew 7:15-20).

The trees that are cut down and thrown into the fire in verse 19 are the men Jesus commands to depart from him in verse 23. They are the men who have done spectacular works in the name of Jesus on Earth. This implies, please note, that the fruit by which we are to know them is not primarily their works, perhaps not their works at all, but their doctrine, their teaching. We have become so accustomed to thinking of "fruit" as behavior that we have missed Jesus' point in his warning against false prophets: They are recognized by their doctrine. What they teach is their "fruit." That is why John gives us a doctrinal test in 2 John 1:7, 9-11:

For many deceivers have gone out into the world who do not confess Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist. . . . Whoever transgresses and does not abide in the doctrine of Christ does not have God. He who abides in the doctrine of Christ has both the Father and the Son. If anyone comes to you and does not bring this doctrine, do not receive him into your home or greet him, for he who greets him shares in his evil deeds.

The notion that fruit is doctrine or teaching, rather than works or behavior, is so clearly taught in Scripture that the dominance of the incorrect view must be attributed to our inability to read. For example, Jesus in Matthew 12:32-37 says,

Either make the tree good and its fruit good, or else make the tree bad and its fruit bad; for a tree is known by its fruit. Brood of vipers! How can you, being evil, speak good things? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks. A good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth good things, and an evil man out of the evil treasure brings forth evil things. But I say to you that for every idle word men may speak, they will give account of it in the Day of Judgment. For by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned.

Fruit is a metaphor for words, doctrine, speaking, teaching. Evil fruit is false teaching; good fruit is true teaching; and we are to judge men by their fruit, that is, their teaching. This is entirely consistent with the tests prescribed in the Old Testament (Deuteronomy 13 and 18) for false prophets: The tests were doctrinal. The Israelites were to disbelieve false prophets even if they performed miracles and foretold the future.
Jesus prescribes a doctrinal test for false prophets because a behavioral test is unreliable. We all have known unbelievers whose behavior is better than that of some Christians. And if fruit means behavior, and we must judge them by their fruit, then we must conclude that they are Christians, despite what they say. In fact, this misunderstanding of fruit as behavior has led people to say such foolish things as "That Mormon is such a godly man;" or "He is a good Christian man," when all he is is considerate. -- John W. Robbins, in a sermon on Matthew 7:21-23, "Justification and Judgment"

Hosea 7:3 They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies.
The Prophet now arraigns all the citizens of Samaria, and in their persons the whole people, because they rendered obedience to the king by flattery, and to the princes in wicked things, respecting which their own conscience convicted them. He had already in the fifth chapter mentioned the defection of the people in this respect, that they had obeyed the royal edict. It might indeed have appeared a matter worthy of praise, that the people had quietly embraced what the king commanded. This is the case with many at this day, who bring forward a pretext of this kind. Under the papacy they dare not withdraw themselves from their impious superstitions, and they adduce this excuse, that they ought to obey their princes. But, as I have already said, the Prophet has before condemned this sort of obedience, and now he shows that the defection which then reigned through all Israel, ought not to be ascribed to the king or to few men, but that it was a common evil, which involved all in one and the same guilt, without exception. How so? "By their wickedness", he says, "they have exhilarated the king, and by their lies the princes"; that is, If they wish to cast the blame on their governors, it will be done in vain; for whence came then such a promptitude? As soon as Jeroboam formed the calves, as soon as he built temples, religion instantly collapsed, and whatever was before pure, degenerated; how was the change so sudden? Even because the people had inwardly concocted their wickedness, which, when an occasion was offered, showed itself; for hypocrisy did lie hid in all, and was then discovered. We now perceive what the Prophet had in view. And this place ought to be carefully noticed: for it often happens that some vice creeps in, which proceeds from one man or from a few; but when all readily embrace what a few introduce, it is quite evident that they have no living root of piety or of the fear of God. They then who are so prone to adopt vices were before hypocrites; and we daily find this to be the case. When pious men have the government of a city, and act prudently, then the whole people will give some hope that they will fear the Lord; and when any king, influenced by a desire of advancing the glory of God, endeavors to preserve all his subjects in the pure worship of God, then the same feeling of piety will be seen in all: but when an ungodly king succeeds him, the greater part will immediately fall back again; and when a magistrate neglects his duty, the greater portion of the people will break out into open impiety. I wish there were no proofs of these things; but throughout the world the Lord has designed that there should exist examples of them. This purpose of God ought therefore to be noticed; for he accuses the people of having made themselves too obsequious and pliant. When king Jeroboam set up vicious worship, the people immediately offered themselves as ready to obey: hence impiety became quite open. They then "delighted the king by their wickedness, and the princes by their lies"; as though he said, "They cannot transfer the blame to the king and princes. Why? Because they delighted them by their wickedness; that is, they haltered the king by their wickedness and delighted the princes by their lies." -- John Calvin in a sermon on Hosea 7:3 in Calvin's Commentary on Hosea

The king is as much bound by his oath not to infringe the legal rights of the people, as the people are bound to yield subjection to him. From whence it follows that as soon as the prince sets himself above the law, he loses the king in the tyrant. He does, to all intents and purposes, un-king himself. -- Jonathan Mayhew, in a sermon in 1765

A religious doctrine involves practical consequences so important, and its effects upon individual and social life are so infallible and so profound, that it can never be contemplated with indifference by the mass of society, and much less by their rulers. We pray you to observe, amongst other things, that the stronger the feeling of dependence to which religion reduces the individual, the more she invests him, on the other hand, with a lofty independence. All religion is freedom. By introducing us into the service of one master, she emancipates us from the dominion of all others. If she does not altogether do away with dependencies of another order, she transforms them from absolute into relative ones. We still belong to society, we are perhaps linked to it by closer ties than before; but it is in a mediate manner, for man cannot serve two masters. It is this independence which exasperates the rulers of this world, and indeed, for the most part, all those who do not share in it. It is this sacred retreat of liberty which they would invade -- this freedom, of which they would deprive us; as if the numerous sacrifices which from time to time liberty has made for the common weal were insufficient, as if it were not enough, or rather as if it were nothing, for us to have devoted all our bodily powers and all our worldly goods to the service of society, so long as this offering is not completed by the sacrifice of the soul. It is spiritual domination, dominion over the soul, of which despotism, whether of princes or of the people, is especially desirous. Thus, when a tyrant has bereft a nation of all its liberties, until throughout the realm his will has become law, his ambition having nothing else wherewith to satiate its appetite, directs itself against religion. Thencefowward, having subjugated the bodies of men, he directs his attacks against their souls. It is because he cannot but be sensible that dominion over souls -- what do you say? -- over one single soul, is as much superior to that over bodies, as the soul itself is superior to its envelope of clay. He cannot endure the humiliation of knowing that there is a sphere in which the most obscure man, by the force of sympathy alone, wields a greater power than his own. A deep-rooted and bitter feeling of envy takes possession of him; he can enjoy no more repose, until moral force shall have yielded to the pressure of physical force -- until the second Mordecai shall have bowed down to this second Haman -- until the soul, by dethroning itself, shall have delivered him from this odious rivalry. And should he encounter in this enterprise an unlooked-for resistance, his impatience becomes fury, and he destroys those whom he cannot subdue. This has been the origin of many religious persecutions, and it discloses the secret motives of those atrocities by which some have been distinguished.
It does not follow, however, that all the evils with which the world has been inundated in the name of religion, are to be referred to this cause alone. They have originated in that pre-eminently just idea, that religion gives the true signification of every man, and of the whole of society; that there is nothing more deeply seated in us, nothing which more decisively determines what we are; and that to declare what we believe, is at the same time, and as a matter of necessity, to declare what we wish to be. The influence of a lordly spirit apart, it is not astonishing that the social power has everywhere, more or less, attempted to regulate the faith of the citizens and the instructions of the priesthood. Nor is it surprising that the priesthood, in aid of the state, have themselves attempted to dictate in a matter of this importance. For the suppression of this evil, the assistance of ages has been necessary, and this has not proved sufficient; the veto of public opinion has been also needed. Perhaps in certain countries something further has been required -- the progress of religious indifference. But nowhere is the fire extinguished, because nowhere is man changed; he will never witness unmoved, the energetic manifestation of religious principle; he may be indulgent to philosophical religions, or to religious philosophy, which penetrates not to the very sources of will and of action; but he will be, with his own full knowledge and consent, severe upon genuine faith. And why? because man possessing genuine faith, rises to his highest elevation; an elevation to which it is necessary that others should rise also, not indeed to rule over him (for this is impossible), but to treat with him, and to be at peace together. This is the true position and individuality of each renewed man, and everything is put in requisition to annul, subdue, and modify it.
We dwell no longer upon these different attempts, but return to the principle. We find that in the judgment of the community, the religious conviction of a man moulds his character, estimates his worth, and fortels his life. It is the invisible source of many efforts, and often of much violence. Well, then, we infer unhesitatingly, that the faith of a member of society cannot remain either a mystery or a matter of doubt to those who surround him. If, as we have sought to establish a former part of this work, the spiritual unity of society, its reality in the elevated sense of that word, depends on the mutual interchange of sentiments; and if that individual only can be said to belong to the community, with whose character she is acquainted, it must be especially in the sphere of religious convictions that this truth is apparent; we may even go further, and say, that although we might keep our sentiments on other subjects to ourselves, those that we entertain respecting religion could not be concealed. For our religious convictions embue us so thoroughly and practically, that society knows not what she possesses in us, except as she knows what we are with respect to God.
This fact is more conspicuous, we admit, with reference to the Christian religion than to any other. In comparison with it, all other systems of faith are superficial; and we may remark in passing, that this is the reason why Christianity has drawn upon itself, and even excited among its followers, more intolerance than any other religion. The experimental character of its doctrines, coming in contact with the diverse passions of the human heart, has enkindled in the midst of society an active and devouring flame; and its profession has occasioned a host of outrages and calamities. Christianity is radical in the highest degree; radical in morals. It uproots one life, it implants another. Of all religions, it alone is in direct hostility with human nature in its fallen condition, as it is also the only religion which coincides with that same nature in all that sin has not polluted; at once the most human, and the least human of all systems; appearing to grant us everything, and to refuse us everything, but, in reality, granting everything to humanity, and refusing everything to sin. No religion consequently so effectually reforms the moral being; in such a manner, that the complexion of our life and conduct depends on whether we are or are not Christians, and upon what sort of Christians we are.
We should find it impracticable to attempt to distinguish between the doctrines of Christianity and its morals; between what is called its natural and universal morality, and its peculiar and arbitrary doctrines. Christian doctrine is morality -- Christian morality; to wish to distinguish between the two is to desire to divide a stream from its source. Christian doctrine is no sooner received than it regulates the conduct; the character of God becomes a model for man; what God is, man ought to be; and inasmuch as God in the Scriptures is invested with attributes which belong not to human nature, so also man, by means of the Gospel, is invested with a character which nature had not impressed upon him; it makes him a new man in every sense of the term: a man peculiar and extraordinary in the eyes of nature, but in every case a man, who, by the judgment of that very nature, is approved and esteemed. To declare our opinion upon Christian doctrine avails much; it is in fact to profess certain principle of conduct, and to attach ourselves to one or another system of morality; it is to reveal our inward man, to publish the operations of conscience; it is to give the standard of our judgments, and the rule of our actions.
We do well to avow it: whenever we revert to the considerations which most forcibly recommend a duty, we revert to the greatest difficulties in the way of its accomplishment; indeed, in most cases, to point out the motive, is to recognize the difficulty. In the present case, for example, nothing can render candour more difficult than that which enforces its obligation. It is just because such a religious doctrine, of necessity involves such a principle of morality, and such a rule of conduct; it is precisely because it is a disclosure of inward man, that so many persons are averse to declare to what doctrine they adhere. And it is sometimes because their opinion condemns them, sometimes because it elevates them, not so much in itself as in the characteristics and practical consequences with which public opinion has invested it. It is painful to excite repugnance or aversion, and it is sometimes still more painful to excite expectations which we feel but too conscious we cannot fulfil. If it were not so, why should we make a secret of our religious opinions, when we are at no pains to conceal any other? Why, when we are open and unreserved upon all the rest, should we not allow free expression to our thoughts upon this, the noblest of subjects? Why should communications of this nature be so generally regarded as the acme of candour and the pledge of intimacy? Why is there no real union, no true communion of soul, until both parties have expressed what they think, and above all, what they feel upon invisible and infinite subjects? Why do beings long united by the closest ties of affection, as soon as spiritual communion is formed between them, discover with surprise, that up to that period they had really never known, understood, or loved each other? -- that, as Montaigne expresses it, there was wanting to their friendship `a certain inexplicable, yet essential power, the mediatrix of that union;' or that (as is really the fact) `God is the true medium of true friendship?' All such instance go to confirm the truth of what we have said. A great effect supposes a powerful force -- a powerful force is employed only against a formidable resistance, and a formidable resistance has no place but in opposition to an urgent necessity. Here the necessity is a moral one -- it is a duty; an evident, and urgent, but a painful duty; for the consequences, even limiting them to their narrowest range, and considering none but those which are developed in the bosom of private relations, these consequences are, it must be confessed, of a startling character.
Nevertheless, if regarded only in the light of morality and natural reason, this candour, which appears so difficult and dangerous, would be found to possess real advantages, whilst reserve would have none but what are false and deceptive. Candour would break the ice which dissimulation thickens and consolidates from day to day; it would procure a more lasting peace; it would put the seal to confidence and friendship. You dread a storm: any storm would be preferable to the dead calm in which you live, -- a calm without peace and without security; for since no one can suppose that you are altogether destitute of religious prepossessions, that you have not some inward conviction to disclose, it will become a matter either of dread or of desire that you should disclose it. This very feeling of anxiety will be an evil in your social relations; if your connexions are desirous of it, when you are averse to making it, their importunity will disturb your peace; on the contrary, if they are averse to its manifestation, when you yourself desire it, they will avoid your company; there will of necessity be in your social relations something painful, constrained, and, in the end, insupportable. If they neither desire nor fear it, it must be because they are not acquainted with your character, and have no desire to become so, because they are not solicitous about your most important interests -- in other words, because they do not love you. And as between a mind occupied with spiritual things and one that is not, there is a wide gulf fixed, as true intimacy between two persons so different is altogether impossible, it is the duty of the more serious of the two, to sound the mind of his friend by disclosing his own, to provide a declaration by declaring himself. Every connexion founded upon a voluntary and designedly prolonged misunderstanding, every factitious union between minds pursuing directly opposite courses, is contrary to human dignity. . . . -- Alexander Vinet (1797-1847), and Charles Theodore Jones (translator), An Essay on the Profession of Personal Religious Conviction, pp. 73-81

Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him. -- Jesus Christ (John 13:16)

And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward [is] with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. -- Jesus Christ (Revelation 22:12)

He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus. -- Jesus Christ (Revelation 22:20)

4. The magistracy is ordained by God
With regard to the function of magistrates, the Lord has not only declared that he approves and is pleased with it, but, moreover has strongly recommended it to us by the very honourable titles which he has conferred upon it. To mention a few. When those who bear the office of magistrate are called gods, let no one suppose that there is little weight in that appellation. It is thereby intimated that they have a commission from God, that they are invested with divine authority and, in fact, represent the person of God, as whose substitutes they in a manner act. This is not a quibble of mine, but is the interpretation of Christ. "If Scriptures" says He, "called them gods to whom the word of God came." What is this but that the business was committed to them by Gods to serve him in their office, and (as Moses and Jehoshaphat said to the judges whom they were appointing over each of the cities of Judah) to exercise judgement, not for man, but for God? To the same effect Wisdom affirms, by the mouth of Solomon, "By me kings reigns and princes decree Justice. By me princes rule, and nobles, even all the judges of the earth," (Prov. 8: 15, 16.) For it is just as if it had been said, that it is not owing to human perverseness that supreme power on earth is lodged in kings and other governors, but by Divine Providence, and the holy decree of Him to whom it has seemed good so to govern the affairs of men, since he is present, and also presides in enacting laws and exercising judicial equity. This Paul also plainly teaches when he enumerates offices of rule among the gifts of God, which, distributed variously, according to the measure of grace, ought to be employed by the servants of Christ for the edification of the Church, (Rom. 12: 8.) In that place, however, he is properly speaking of the senate of grave men who were appointed in the primitive Church to take charge of public discipline. This office, in the Epistle to the Corinthians he calls "kuberneseis", governments, (1 Cor. 12: 28.) Still, as we see that civil power has the same end in view, there can be no doubt that he is recommending every kind of just government. He speaks much more clearly when he comes to a proper discussion of the subject. For he says that "there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God;" that rulers are the ministers of God, "not a terror to good works, but to the evil," (Rom. 13: 1, 3.) To this we may add the examples of saints, some of whom held the offices of kings, as David, Josiah, and Hezekiah; others of governors, as Joseph and Daniel; others of civil magistrates among a free people, as Moses, Joshua and the Judges. Their functions were expressly approved by the Lord. Wherefore no man can doubt that civil authority is in the sight of God, not only sacred and lawful, but the most sacred and by far the most honourable, of all stations in mortal life. [Emphasis added. Current events ((September 11)) evidence that "all stations in mortal life" includes the Evangelist and the Gospel Minister.] -- John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion (Beveridge translation) IV:20:4

With regard to the Christian Ministry as an order in Christ's church, they are represented under the figure of a set of servants, constituted by the master, stewards, and rulers over his household, during his absence.
They are "servants," not lords. "We preach," says the apostle, "not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord, and ourselves your servants for Jesus's sake." (2 Corinthians 4:5) `We do not announce ourselves to you as your masters. We proclaim Christ Jesus to be the Master, and mindful of his words, "One is your Master, even Christ," (Matthew 23:8) we announce ourselves to you not your masters, but your servants for his sake. We seek not to make you our property that we may rule over you, but dictating to your faith, and controlling your conduct; but considering you as his unalienable property, which he "purchased with his won blood," (Acts 20:28) and which having so dearly bought he highly values, we wish to serve Him by ministering to your improvements.' This is a view of the sacred office with which they who fill it cannot be too deeply impressed. They are Christ's servants. They have no authority, separate from his authority. To promulgate and administer his laws, not to make and execute laws of their own, is their legitimate province. . . .
"It is of importance, however, to remark, that though called to office by the instrumentality of their brethren, their authority is derived, not from them, but from their Master: by him, not by them, are they to be directed in the performance of their duties, and to him, not to them, are they accountable for the manner in which they discharge them. It is his doctrine they are to teach -- his laws they are to administer. The steward or overseer, though chosen, if such be the appointment of the Master, by his fellow-servants, is to be guided in managing the household, not by their will, but by the will of their common Lord. The minister of Christ who forgets this, and seeks in his official proceedings primarily to please those who have been committed to his charge, has lost sight of his high character as a servant of Christ. A fitter object of mingled blame, contempt, and pity, does not exist, than a man, bearing the name of a christian minister, who, instead of fearlessly proclaiming and impartially administering the laws of Christ, is the slave and the executioner of the prejudices of his people.
But though the Christian minister is not to be ruled by those whom he is appointed to rule -- is not to take laws from those to whom he is appointed to declare the law, he is never to forget -- what the very names of his office are all intended and fitted to keep constantly before his mind -- that he holds office in the church, not for his own aggrandizement and selfish interests, but for the benefit of his brethren -- not to gratify his own ambition or love of ease, but to promote their spiritual improvement, to secure their ultimate salvation; and under the influence of this conviction, like the steward who finds that in promoting his mater's interest, and the happiness of his fellow-servants, in the good order of the household, it is of great importance to be on good terms with those under his care, he will endeavour to "please his brethren to edification;" nay, he will seek to "please all men in all things, not seeking his own profit, but the profit of many, that they may be saved." (1 Corinthians 10:33) Such is the view there given us of the general nature and design of the christian ministry. -- John Brown (of Edinburgh, 1784-1858), Discourses and Sayings of Our Lord Jesus Christ, I:389-391

It is this author's contention that the modern churches have let go of this important piece of the faith [Christ's Kingship over the nations-- sk] once for all delivered to the saints. Thereby they have delivered the church, not to kings as nursing fathers, but to the cruel civil domination of the enemies of the true religion, their sheep being taught that they must submit passively to every pretended civil authority as the ordinance of God. By this defection, these leaders of the flock have also undermined the magistracy, allowing and even encouraging wicked men to remove this blessed ordinance from its foundation in God its creator, and from its subjection to Christ His King, thereby directly opposing God's benevolent ends in instituting civil government: "Thus have [they] made the commandment of God of none effect by [their] tradition. . . . teaching for doctrines the commandments of men" (Matt. 15:6, 9). Furthermore, by their false teaching regarding civil government, they have made themselves guilty of the very sin of which we are often accused: opposing the ordinance of God. If this wasn't enough, however, consider that their sin is worse than that of the garden variety rebel, inasmuch as their opposition to God's institution is not so much practical as it is principial; and because of their position as teachers and guides of the flock of God. "Be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation. . . . For we can do nothing against the truth, but for the truth" (James 3:1; II Cor. 13:8). -- Greg Price (Biblical Civil Government Verses the Beast, p. 64)

Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any [man] will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.
For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it.
For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?
For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.
-- Jesus Christ (Matthew 16:24-27)

Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy [against] the [Holy] Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men.
And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the [world] to come.
Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by [his] fruit.
O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things.
But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.
For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.
-- Jesus Christ (Matthew 12:31-37)

Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil. (1 Timothy 3:6)

He must not be a novice, not one newly brought to the Christian religion, or not one who is but meanly instructed in it, who knows no more of religion than the surface of it, for such a one is apt to be lifted up with pride: the more ignorant men are the more proud they are: Lest, being lifted up with pride, he fall into the condemnation of the devil. The devils fell through pride, which is a good reason why we should take heed of pride, because it is a sin that turned angels into devils. -- Matthew Henry commenting on 1 Timothy 3:6

"If thou wouldst rule well, thou must rule for God, and to do that, thou must be ruled by him. . . . Those who will not be governed by God will be ruled by tyrants." -- William Penn

"A simple democracy is the devil's own government." Benjamin Rush

He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. (1 John 2:4)

If ye know that he is righteous, ye know that every one that doeth righteousness is born of him. (1 John 2:29)

And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life.
But many [that are] first shall be last; and the last [shall be] first.
-- Jesus Christ (Matthew 19:28-30)

Where two or three have gathered together in My name, there I am in their midst. -- Jesus Christ (Matthew 18:20)

When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory:
And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth [his] sheep from the goats:
And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.
Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:
For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in:
Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me.
Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, and fed [thee]? or thirsty, and gave [thee] drink?
When saw we thee a stranger, and took [thee] in? or naked, and clothed [thee]?
Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee?
And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.
Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:
For I was an hungred, and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink:
I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not.
Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee?
Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did [it] not to one of the least of these, ye did [it] not to me.
And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.
-- Jesus Christ (Matthew 25:31-46)

And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
Of sin, because they believe not on me;
Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more;
Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.
I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now.
Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, [that] shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.
He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew [it] unto you.
All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew [it] unto you.
-- Jesus Christ (John 16:8-15)

The Christ is the only One truly called. . . . The flesh has always struggled against Him, as we see when we survey the history of God's people. The struggle was especially acute at Golgotha. -- S.G. De Graaf

Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and [that] your fruit should remain: that whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you.
These things I command you, that ye love one another.
-- Jesus Christ (John 15:16,17)

A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.
By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.
-- Jesus Christ (John 13:34,35)

Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends. -- Jesus Christ (John 15:13)

And ye peoples, to whom God gave the liberty to choose your own magistrates, see to it that ye