Chapter 9 (part 4)

Corporate Faithfulness and
Sanctification


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Contents

The Theology of Freedom Acts of Faithful Assemblies
Separation
Slavery, Our Systems of Enslavement, Economic Enslavement
The Aristocracy of Wealth
Feudalism
Anarchy
Tyranny
Biblical Civil Government and The Basis for Civil Resistance
Reformation Eschatology
The Restoration of the Jews
The Christian Foundation of America, Colonial History
Covenanting in America
David Steele (1803-1887) and the Reformed Presbytery in North America
The Utter Failure of the U.S. Constitution as a Social Deed of Covenant
The Civil War of the United States, The War for Southern Independence, The War Between the States: The War of Northern Aggression
The Application of Scripture to the Corporate Bodies of Church and State
The Dutch Reformation
Modern Myths and Fallacies
Biblical Creationism and Evolutionism
Revisionist History
Justice, Judgment, God's Final Judgment, The Great White Throne Judgment, The Day of the Lord
The Decline of American Society, Irrationality, the Decline of Western Thought
Meltdown 2008: The Greatest Depression in History
God's Deliverance of Nations
Chapter 9 (part 4) Related WebLinks

Contents: Chapter 9, "Corporate Faithfulness and Sanctification" (parts 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5), interactive
http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9cha.html#index9

Combined Interactive Contents for The Web Edition of Biblical Counsel: Resources for Renewal
http://www.lettermen2.com/combtoc.html




Chapter 9 (part 4)

Corporate Faithfulness and
Sanctification




The Theology of Freedom

See the Theological Notes, "The Law of God," at Exodus 20:1 in The Reformation Study Bible.

Where the Spirit of the Lord is there is liberty. (2 Corinthians 3:17)

But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed. (James 1:25)

So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God. (Romans 14:12)
http://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/gills-exposition-of-the-bible/romans-14-12.html
http://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/matthew-henry-complete/romans/14.html

The roots of liberty and limited government are in the Protestant Reformation. We believe the key to the maintenance of liberty and limited government is to be found in the Scottish covenanting struggle. -- James A. Dodson

Man will ultimately be governed by God or by tyrants. . . . Those who are willing to trade their essential liberties for a little temporary safety, deserve neither safety nor liberty. -- Benjamin Franklin

He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints. (Revelation 13:10)

Freedom is one of the major underlying themes of the entire Bible.

If we are not governed by God, then we will be ruled by tyrants. (See 1 Samuel 8) -- William Penn

Freedom essentially is the predicate of immortality. Freedom is the grace of God streaming into the world of man. -- E. Merrill Root

It is this author's contention that the modern churches have let go of this important piece of the faith [Christ's Kingship over the nations -- compiler], once for all delivered to the saints. Thereby they have delivered the church, not to kings as nursing fathers, but to the cruel civil domination of the enemies of the true religion, their sheep being taught that they must submit passively to every pretended civil authority as the ordinance of God. By this defection, these leaders of the flock have also undermined the magistracy, allowing and even encouraging wicked men to remove this blessed ordinance from its foundation in God its creator, and from its subjection to Christ His King, thereby directly opposing God's benevolent ends in instituting civil government: Thus have [they] made the commandment of God of none effect by [their] tradition. . . . teaching for doctrines the commandments of men (Matthew 15:6,9). Furthermore, by their false teaching regarding civil government, they have made themselves guilty of the very sin of which we are often accused: opposing the ordinance of God. If this wasn't enough, however, consider that their sin is worse than that of the garden variety rebel, inasmuch as their opposition to God's institution is not so much practical as it is principle; and because of their position as teachers and guides of the flock of God. Be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation. . . . For we can do nothing against the truth, but for the truth. (James 3:1; II Cor. 13:8 [2 Corinthians 13:8]) -- Greg Price, Biblical Civil Government Verses the Beast, p. 64

Western civilization following the Reformation is the greatest example of Christian cultural conquest we have to date. The shameful abandonment of that heritage by the church has left us in our current desperate plight. That heritage will be restored only as the church awakens to reclaim her birthright and asserts the authority of the King of kings over every sphere of life -- including the political. -- Dennis Woods

Bad men cannot make good citizens. It is impossible that a nation of infidels or idolaters should be a nation of freemen. It is when a people forget God that tyrants forge their chains. A vitiated [defective] state of morals, a corrupted public conscience, are incompatible with freedom. -- Patrick Henry

Proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof. (Leviticus 25:10a)

*Bolton (or Boulton), Samuel, and John Cameron (1579?-1625), The True Bounds of Christian Freedom, or A Treatise Wherein the Rights of the law are Vindicated, the Liberties of Grace Maintained, and Severall Late Opinions Against the Law are Examined and Confuted. A Christian classic. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
Samuel Boulton was one of the Westminster Assembly of Divines. He "expounds the nature of Christian liberty and then clearly sets the bounds of that liberty. . . ." -- Publisher

Downame, George, The Christian's Freedom: Wherein is Fully Expressed the Doctrine of Christian Liberty, ISBN: 1877611751 9781877611759.

*Luther, Martin (1483-1546), J.I. Packer (translator) and O.R. Johnston (translator), Bondage of the Will, ISBN: 0800753429 9780800753429. A Christian classic. Available (PDF and MP3) on the Puritan Hard Drive.
"THE BONDAGE OF THE WILL is fundamental to an understanding of the primary doctrines of the Reformation. In these pages, Luther gives extensive treatment to what he saw as the heart of the gospel. Free will was no academic question to Luther; the whole gospel of the Grace of God, he believed, was bound up with it and stood or fell according to the way one decided it . . . This is the greatest piece of writing that came from Luther's pen. In its vigour of language, its profound theological grasp, and the grand sweep of its exposition, it stands unsurpassed among Luther's writings." -- Publisher
"Luther recognized this book as his most important work and even said that if all his other books perished, he would hope that this one, along with his SMALL CATECHISM, would be the only ones to remain. As noted above, this is one of the most important books of the early Reformation, for it deals with what Luther saw to be the heart of the Gospel. Luther here refutes the Romish notion of 'free will' in man and upholds the absolute sovereignty of God in the salvation of sinners -- as well as justification by faith alone. Luther clearly saw the issue of free will as the primary cause of his separation from Rome.
"In this book he replied to the Roman Catholic scholar, Erasmus, and his diatribe THE FREEDOM OF THE WILL. Though disagreeing with just about everything else Erasmus wrote, Luther commended Erasmus for recognizing the crux of the matter at issue between Rome and the Bible believers, the debate over 'free will.' In this regard Luther wrote,

that unlike all the rest, you alone have attacked the real issue, the essence of the matter in dispute [i.e. man's so-called free-will -- RB] . . . You and you alone saw, what was the grand hinge upon which the whole turned, and therefore you attacked the vital part at once; for which, from my heart, I thank you.
" 'This book is most needful at the present day,' noted Atherton in 1931, for 'the teachings of many so-called Protestants are more in accordance with the Dogmas of the Papists, or the ideas of Erasmus, than with the Principles of the Reformers; they are more in harmony with the Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent than with the Protestant or Reformed Confessions of Faith.'
"It is easy to see how a lack of doctrinal and historical study is leading many into serious compromise with the false ecumenical apostasy espoused by Rome and other idolatrous beliefs which cry up man's ability to save himself (as with Arminianism), and to devise his own methods of worship (as with those that oppose the Reformation's Regulative Principle of Worship in favor of their own will worship). In this area, many 'Protestants,' even now, bow down to Rome's humanistic, anti-Christian idol of free will.
"It is our hope that God will use Luther's classic to give you the strength to remain faithful to His Word; this being a great place to start a new Reformation, for as the translators write concerning this book, 'Nowhere does Luther come closer, either in spirit or in substance to the Paul of Romans and Galatians'." -- Publisher
"This classic is a reply to Erasmus, the famous Roman Catholic scholar. Erasmus had issued a book claiming that all men had 'free-will.' Luther points out that Erasmus does not give a true definition of 'free-will.' For free-will, says Luther, belongs to God only: 'You may rightly assigned to man some kind of will, but to assign to him free-will in divine things is going too far. . . .' Luther then points out that man has incapacitated his will by his sin, and so is not free to will to do good, or to please God, which is the same thing. In a very large section of the book he gives a thorough exposition of the bondage of man's will. This, together with Jonathan Edwards' FREEDOM OF THE WILL has always been considered a classic answer to all free-willers." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
See the Theological Notes, "The Freedom and Bondage of the Will," at Jeremiah 17:9 in The Reformation Study Bible.
Luther, Martin, The Bondage of the Will
http://archive.org/details/martinlutheronth00luthuoft
The Bondage of the Will, A Sermon on Christian Love, Two Sermons Upon the Fifth Chapter of Luke, God so Loved the World: Two Sermons on John 3:16-21.
http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/7/8/martin-luthers-book-concerning-the-bondage-of-the-will

*Luther, Martin, (1483-1546), Concerning Christian Liberty, ISBN: 0585150281 9780585150284. A Christian classic.
"An unabridged edition, to include: LETTER OF MARTIN LUTHER TO POPE LEO X and CONCERNING CHRISTIAN LIBERTY, with updated typeface." -- Publisher

Martin, Ralph P., Colossians: The Church's Lord and the Christian's Liberty: An Expository Commentary, ISBN: 0853641250 9780853641254.

Perkins, William (1558-1602), A Treatise of Gods Free Grace, and Mans Free Will, 1601.

*Shepard, Thomas (1605-1649), and Jonathan Mitchel (1624-1668), Subjection to Christ in all his Ordinances and Appointments the Best Means to Preserve our Liberty: Together with a treatise of ineffectual hearing the Word, how we may know whether we have heard the same effectually, and by what means it may become effectual unto us: with some remarkable passages of his life / by Tho. Shephard . . . now published by Mr. Jonathan Michel . . . Running title: A WHOLESOME CAVEAT FOR A TIME OF LIBERTY. "To the reader" signed: William Greenhill [and] Samuel Mather. "To the Christian reader" signed: Edm. Calamy, 1654.

See also: Freedom: A gift of the grace of god, An Introduction to covenanted reformation, The scottish covenanting struggle, alexander craighead, and the mecklenburg declaration, The covenanted reformation of scotland short title listing, The utter failure of the u.s. constitution as a social deed of covenant, Slavery, our systems of enslavement, economic enslavement, National establishment of religion: establishmentarianism, Biblical economics, and so forth, and so on.

Related WebLinks

The Temptation of Eve (part 1 of 2), a sermon on Genesis 3:1-6 by Brian Schwertley
The Satanic Worldview, as a secondary point, is exegeted from Genesis 3
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=720081817191

The Temptation of Eve (part 2 of 2), a sermon on Genesis 3:1-6 by Brian Schwertley
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=72008182576



Freedom: A Gift of the Grace of God

If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed;
And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.
-- The Lord Jesus Christ (John 8:31b, 32)

If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed. -- The Lord Jesus Christ (John 8:36)

See the Theological Notes, "The Greatness of God," at 1 Chronicles 29:11 in The Reformation Study Bible.

See the Theological Notes, "Christian Liberty," at Galatians 5:1 in The Reformation Study Bible.

See the Theological Notes, "The Freedom and Bondage of the Will," at Jeremiah 17:9 in The Reformation Study Bible.

The concept of freedom does not explain sin. While sin is not unrelated to freedom, the latter does not explain the rise of the former. God has authentic freedom and cannot sin, and God created man with a freedom that was morally qualified and whose continuance depended on a refraining from sin. Man as created possessed the ability not to sin, and the man recreated in Christ, and begotten of God, "does not sin" (1 John 5:18). ["The present tense of the Greek suggests behavior that is characteristic or usual. In this way John acknowledges, but does not excuse, the possibility of occasional sin."] True freedom is constituted by man's created, and later recreated, ability to do the good, not by a morally unqualified faculty to do either the one or the other. Freedom belongs to the essence of man as created by God and as restored by Christ; in neither instance is it a morally neutral and unqualified aspect of humanity. The effect of human sin upon freedom is defined in Biblical thought, therefore, not as another form of freedom, but rather as slavery and bondage (Romans 6). Man as created was no more free to sin than, having sinned and fallen into moral bondage, he is free again to become what he once was. Sin constitutes a loss, not an exercise of freedom. Sin is a mystery, immoral and irrational, whose denouement is not found in the concept of human freedom. Freedom as an explanation of sin leads invariably into some form of Pelagianism and Arminianism.
If in freedom man could sin against his Maker, freedom by the same definition would contain the possibility of man's self-propelled return to his Maker. If sin is a true exercise of freedom, such freedom, even after sin, remains also free both to act in Pelagian, semi-Pelagian, or Arminianistic fashion to undo its sin and to return to God -- or to refuse to return to God.
According to the Genesis account of man's fall into sin, man was not free to sin, but under divine command not to sin, on threat of death. Adam and Eve were under the restrictive divine command not to do what they in fact did. Freedom, as authority, is comprised of the components: might plus right. An authority which exercises a might without right is a totalitarian perversion of authority; a freedom which does that which it has no right to do is an anarchistic perversion of true freedom.
The theological tenet that God created man free, that is, with a freedom that was free to sin (posse peccare), is an explanation of sin in terms of sin. If God had endowed man with such freedom, God could not in justice allow man's freedom to suffer that bondage which sin inflicts upon freedom.
In Biblical thought, however, man's act of sin is regarded as a loss of freedom. According to the Genesis account of the Fall, man loses his right to existence in the Garden of Eden, his right to life, and his right to be himself -- naked and not ashamed. In the continuing Biblical account, man as sinner is exhibited as no longer free to be himself. He is either a slave to sin and under the power of death, a devotee of idols -- who in this devotion to idols becomes sub-human and like his idols (Psalm 115:8), or he becomes a captive to grace and through this captivity again receives his true freedom as a gift from God, a freedom permitting him to enjoy release from, and forgiveness for, his sinful past and the gift of grace that justifies his right to live in an open and unending future. -- James Daane

So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God. (Romans 14:12)
http://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/gills-exposition-of-the-bible/romans-14-12.html
http://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/matthew-henry-complete/romans/14.html

The Treasury of David, Psalm 85, C.H. Spurgeon
Wilt thou be angry with us for ever? wilt thou draw out thine anger to all generations?
Wilt thou not revive us again: that thy people may rejoice in thee?
Shew us thy mercy, O LORD, and grant us thy salvation.
I will hear what God the LORD will speak: for he will speak peace unto his people, and to his saints: but let them not turn again to folly.
Surely his salvation is nigh them that fear him; that glory may dwell in our land.
Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other.

http://www.spurgeon.org/treasury/ps085.htm

To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and those who sit in darkness out of the prison house. (Isaiah 42:7)
The work of the Messiah, according to the text, is to bring out the prisoners from the prison. I think this relates to the bondage under which a man lies to his sins. Habits of sin, like iron nets, surround the sinner, and he cannot escape their meshes. The man sins, and imagines that he cannot help sinning. How often do the ungodly tell us that they cannot renounce the world, cannot break off their sins by righteousness, and cannot believe in Jesus? Let all men know that the Savior has come on purpose to remove every bond of sin from the captive, and to set him free from every chain of evil. I have known men to strive against the habit of blasphemy, others against unchaste passions, and many more against a haughty spirit, or an angry temper. And when they have striven manfully, but unsuccessfully, in their own strength, they have been filled with bitter chagrin that they should have been so betrayed by themselves. When a man believes in Jesus his resolve to become a free man is to a great extent accomplished at once. Some sins die the moment we believe in Jesus, and these trouble us no more. Others hang on to us, and these die by slow degrees; but they are overcome so as never again to get the mastery over us. O struggler after mental, moral, spiritual liberty, if you would be free, your only possible freedom is in Christ. If you desire to shake off evil habits, or any other mental bondage, I shall prescribe no remedy to you but this, to commit yourself to Christ the Liberator. Love Him and you will hate sin. Trust Him, and you will no more trust yourself. Submit yourself to the sway of the incarnate God, and He will break the dragon's head within you, and hurl Satan beneath your feet. Nothing else can do it. Christ must have the glory. -- C.H. Spurgeon commenting on Isaiah in Devotional Classics of C.H. Spurgeon, p. 69

In Scripture, religion means covenant. By His Word, God called into being an order of creation culminating in man. By that Word He also gave man His favor and brought him into a life of conscious covenantal fellowship with Himself. As De Graaf himself puts it: "Without covenant, there is no religion, no conscious fellowship between man and God, no exchange of love and faithfulness. Without the covenant, man would be just an instrument in God's hand. When God created man, He had more than an instrument in mind: He made a creature that could respond to Him . . . ." -- H. Evan Runner from Promise and Deliverance

The Treasury of David, Psalm 107, C.H. Spurgeon
Oh that men would praise the Lord for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men! (Psalm 107:8)
http://www.spurgeon.org/treasury/ps107.htm

And I will walk at liberty: for I seek thy precepts. (Psalm 119:45), Saints find no bondage in sanctity. The Spirit of holiness is a free spirit; he sets men at liberty and enables them to resist every effort to bring them under subjection. The way of holiness is not a track for slaves, but the King's highway for freemen, who are joyfully journeying from the Egypt of bandage to the Canaan of rest. God's mercies and his salvation, by teaching us to love the precepts of the word, set us at a happy rest; and the more we seek after the perfection of our obedience the more shall we enjoy complete emancipation from every form of spiritual slavery. . . ." -- C.H. Spurgeon commenting on Psalm 119:45 in The Treasury of David, p. 228

The Treasury of David, Psalm 126, C.H. Spurgeon
Turn again our captivity, O Lord, as the streams in the south.
They that sow in tears shall reap in joy.
He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing precious seed, shall doubtless come again with rejoicing, bringing his sheaves with him.

http://www.spurgeon.org/treasury/ps126.htm

We can imagine the restored exiles at this time singing -- Psalm 126
When the LORD turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them that dream.
(It seemed too good to be true, they could not realise that so good a thing had befallen them)
Then was our mouth filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing: then said they among the heathen, The LORD hath done great things for them.
The LORD hath done great things for us; whereof we are glad.

(What others declared concerning them was true, and they boldly avowed it; they did not bury the Lord's mercies in forgetfulness, or cast doubts upon them by mock modesty. We too often say "We hope and we trust," when we ought rather to say, "The Lord hath done great things for us.")
Turn again our captivity, O Lord, as the streams in the south.
They that sow in tears shall reap in joy.
He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing precious seed, shall doubtless come again with rejoicing, bringing his sheaves with him.
-- Spurgeon's Devotional Bible Psalm 126

To the kindly influence of Christianity we owe that degree of civil freedom and political happiness which mankind now enjoy. In proportion as the genuine effects of Christianity are diminished in any nation, either through unbelief, or the corruption of its doctrines, or the neglect of its institutions; in the same proportion will the people of that nation recede from the blessings of genuine freedom . . . Whenever the pillars of Christianity shall be overthrown, our present republican forms of government, and all the blessings which flow from them, must fall with them. -- Jedediah Morse

What the Reformation's return to Biblical teaching gave society was the opportunity for tremendous freedom, but without chaos. That is, an individual had freedom because there was a consensus based upon the absolutes given in the Bible, and therefore real values within which to have freedom, without these freedoms leading to chaos. The world had not known anything like this before. -- Francis Schaeffer

A republic once equally poised must either preserve its virtue or lose its liberty. . . . He is the best friend of American liberty who is most sincere and active in promoting pure and undefiled religion. -- John Witherspoon

Briefly stated, where Christ is demoted or limited, His Kingdom and crown rights are limited and demoted. There is then a shift of sovereignty from God to man, which means the triumph of the state. The state as the new sovereign becomes god walking on earth, and the result is the rapid death of all freedom. -- R.J. Rushdoony

The Bible should be the principle text in our schools. -- Thomas Jefferson, author of the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States

Bad men cannot make good citizens. It is impossible that a nation of infidels or isolators should be a nation of freemen. It is when a people forget God that tyrants forge their chains. A vitiated [defective] state of morals, a corrupted public conscience, are incompatible with freedom. -- Patrick Henry

Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty. "It is the common fate of the indolent to see their rights become a prey to the active. The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt." -- John Philpot Curran, Speech Upon the Right of Election, 1790. (Speeches. Dublin, 1808.)

The real value of an object is that which one who knows its worth will give for it. He who made the soul, knew its worth, and gave His life for it. -- Arthur Jackson

Spoken to his wife, after visiting the cell in which he was incarcerated and for 16 months in Lefortovo prison in the Soviet Union, "I've always thought that the most powerful weapon in the world was the bomb. I've come to the conclusion that the most powerful weapon in the world is the truth." -- Nathan Sharansky, recipient of the Congressional Gold Medal, The Presidential Medal of Freedom (2006), and The Ronald Reagan Freedom Award (2008), and former member of the Israel cabinet

Freedom is a mystical truth -- It's expressed best in THE BROTHERS KARAMAZOV, the chapter when the Grand Inquisitor confronted the returned Christ. The freedom that Christ gave the world was the freedom of being an individual, in a collectivity, of basing one's life on love, as distinct from power, of seeking the good of others rather than nourishing one's own ego. That was liberation. And the Chief Inquisitor, who speaks for every dictator, every millionaire, every ideologue that's ever been, says we can't have it. Go away. Stay away." -- Malcolm Muggeridge

Adler, Mortimer, and Max Weismann, How to Think About the Great Ideas: From The Great Books of Western Civilization, ISBN: 0812694120 9780812694123.
Mortimer Adler concluded that more problems are caused by the denial of God than by anything else -- it changes the whole tenure of life. A compendium index is available for the series.

Bainton, Roland H., The Travail of Religious Liberty.
"Biographical studies of Thomas R. Torquemada, John Calvin, Miquel Servetus, Sebastian Castellio, David Joris, Bernardino Ochino, John Milton, Roger Williams, and John Locke. First published in 1951." -- Cyril J. Barber

Banks, Robert J. and Julia Banks, The Church Comes Home, ISBN: 156563179X 9781565631793.
"In our modern dislocated society many are searching for a church experience that offers true Christian sharing, nurturing, and discipleship, in addition to teaching and worship. For many such people the answer is found in the home church: a small, committed group of often diverse people who meet together in homes to pray, eat, sing, study, and share their lives.
"THE CHURCH COMES HOME is a handbook for those interested in home churches. It is both visionary and practical. It describes how home churches can be formed, how they should grow, and how networks of home churches can develop. It examines issues-for example, how to make decisions; how to determine doctrine; how to include children, singles, elders; and how to reach out to the community at large-and offers practical suggestions for their resolution.
"Robert Banks is Professor of the Ministry of the Laity and Chair of the Ministry Division at Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
"Julia Banks and her husband Robert have been involved with home churches for over twenty-five years. Together they have led seminars and assisted congregations in developing this style of gather in many parts of the world. Julia coordinates the community house in which she and Rob live with a group of students. She is also active as a church planter and in building networks among house churches." -- Publisher

Black, John, Divine and Human Rights, or, The Westminster Confession and the Constitution of the United States Tested by the Holy Scripture. Found in MISCELLANEOUS, VOL. 6.

Bloesch, Donald George, Freedom of Obedience: Evangelical Ethics in Contemporary Times, ISBN: 1579109322 9781579109325.
"Among my reasons for writing this book is the desire to present an evangelical alternative to the situationist and naturalist ethics that presently dominate the discussion in this field. While the primary focus of the book is on theological ethics, frequently references are made to current social issues; the last chapter is devoted to the intractable problem of war." -- Publisher

*Bolton (or Boulton), Samuel, and John Cameron (1579?-1625), The True Bounds of Christian Freedom, or A Treatise Wherein the Rights of the law are Vindicated, the Liberties of Grace Maintained, and Severall Late Opinions Against the Law are Examined and Confuted. A Christian classic. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
Samuel Boulton was one of the Westminster Assembly of Divines. He "expounds the nature of Christian liberty and then clearly sets the bounds of that liberty. . . ." -- Publisher

*Bonar, Horatius, (1808-1889), Free-will A Christian classic.

Brooks, Pat, The Return of the Puritans, 5th edition, ISBN: 0932050042 9780932050045.
"Pat Brooks' classic on Christianity vs. socialism in mortal combat points the way back from degeneracy to divine favor for the U.S."
Shows the Masonic connection in the origins of the Illuminati, CRF, and the Red world government movement.

Brooks, Pat, Dale Crowley, Jr., and Des Griffin, Freedom or Slavery?
"A profoundly disturbing book . . . exposes the hidden agenda to de-Christianize and destroy her [the United States] through dispensational, 'Christian Zionism' and 'JudeoChristianity'."

*Brown, John (1810-1882), John Bunyan: His Life, Times and Work. A Christian classic.
"The tercentenary edition of the Bedford tinker's life and ministry, preaching and dissent, and travail for religious liberty." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Brown, John (of Haddington, 1722-1787), The Absurdity and Perfidy of All Authoritative Toleration of Gross Heresy, Blasphemy, Idolatry, Popery, in Britain. In two letters to a friend in which the doctrine of the Westminster Confession of Faith [1646] relative to Toleration of a False Religion, and the power of the civil magistrate about sacred matters; and the nature, origin, ends and obligation of the National Covenant and Solemn League are candidly represented and defended, 1797. Alternate title: A COMPEND OF THE LETTERS OF THE REV. JOHN BROWN, LATE MINISTER OF THE GOSPEL IN HADDINGTON: ON AUTHORITATIVE TOLERATION OF GROSS HERESY, BLASPHEMY, IDOLATRY, POPERY IN BRITAIN, AND ON NATIONAL COVENANTING; IN WHICH THE DOCTRINE OF THE WESTMINSTER CONFESSION OF FAITH . . . AND OF THE NATIONAL COVENANT AND SOLEMN LEAGUE ARE CANDIDLY REPRESENTED AND DEFENDED, 1797, and "REFORMATION ATTAINMENTS VERSUS BACKSLIDING RELIGIOUS PROFESSORS," appears to be an excerpt. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #7, #25, #26.
Brown, John (of Haddington, 1722-1787), The Absurdity and Perfidy of all Authoritative Toleration of Gross Heresy, Blasphemy, Idolatry, Popery, in Britain
http://archive.org/details/absurdityperfidy00brow
"Reformation Attainments Versus Backsliding Religious Professors (excerpt from THE ABSURDITY AND PERFIDY OF ALL AUTHORITATIVE TOLERATION . . .
"Here Brown deals with three major Reformation attainments (anti-tolerationism, establishmentarianism and the obligations of lawful covenants as they biblically bind posterity), that Satan has always been especially concerned to overthrow -- in every major demonic move to open the floodgates of lawlessness, anarchy and misrule. Fletcher, in the preface to the 1797 edition, relates this truth as it comes to bear on various religious professors, stating, 'Papists were enemies to our covenants because they were a standard lifted up against their system of abominable idolatries. Episcopalians were enemies to them, because they were a standard lifted up against their anti-scriptural church-officers and inventions of men in the worship of God. Some Presbyterians are enemies to them in our day through ignorance of their nature and ends; and others through fear of being too strictly bound to their duty.' (cited in Johnston, Treasury of the Scottish Covenant, p. 486)
"A History of Heresy
"It is also interesting to note the long list of backsliders and heretics that often oppose one or more of these points. 'The ancient Donatists, a sect of Arian separatists, who appeared about the beginning of the 4th Century, seem to have been among the first who held out these opinions to the Christian world. Feeling the weight of the arm of power for their schismatical practices, by way of reprisal, they strip the magistrate of all power in religion; -- maintaining that he had no more power about religious matters than any private person, and refusing him the right of suppressing the propagators of doctrines different from those professed by the Church, or the observers of a different form of worship. From them the German Anabaptists adopted the same views. Then the Socinians (i.e. an early form of Scripture-denying liberals -- RB), and remonstrant Arminians, whenever the magistrate ceased to patronize their cause. The English Independents during the time of the Long Parliament were the zealous supporters of the same opinions. In their rage for liberty of conscience, they formed the strongest opposition in the Westminster Assembly which the Presbyterians had to encounter. Through their influence that venerable body was much embarrassed (hindered -- RB), in their proceeding; and by their means (in collusion with that "Judas of the Covenant," Cromwell -- RB), certain passages of the Confession of Faith never obtained the ratification of the English Parliament. The English Dissenters of the present age are generally in the same views, especially the Socinians, the Arians, and the Quakers, who have most to dread from the Laws of the Land against their blasphemies. And who knows not that the high reputation of Mr. Locke as a Philosopher . . . has given these opinions such an air of respectability, that many youth in the Universities have been thereby inclined to embrace them?' (Preface, pp. vi-vii).
"The Covenantal Hammer Smashing the Idols of our day
"In our day the tree of toleration (and the anti-Scriptural principles which logically grow out of it), has spread its branches in ways that could have never been envisioned by those that took the first steps away from biblical and covenanted uniformity. What Brown is fighting against here is an error so foundational that when left unchecked it permeates all of society, cutting out the foundational roots that are necessary for all national Reformations. And if the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do? (Ps. 11:3 [Psalm 11:3]). Furthermore, as the preface notes 'liberty of conscience and of opinion' are 'the great idols of the day.' Here Brown takes out his covenantal hammer and smashes these idols with an inconoclastic zeal worthy of our earlier Reformed forefathers. This book is especially useful in answering the persistent fear and questions that always arise when these old Reformed views are discussed: that is, the questions dealing with religious persecution. Brown spends much time in clearing the Westminster Divines of such false charges, while also setting these controversial Reformed teachings on a thoroughly biblical foundation.
"Westminster's View of the 'Everlasting' Solemn League and Covenant
"Interestingly, in the section defending the continuing obligation of the National and Solemn League and Covenant, we also note that the Westminster Assembly considered the Solemn League and Covenant an 'everlasting covenant.' Brown cites the following as proof, 'That the body of the English nation also swore the Solemn League and Covenant, is manifest. The Westminster Assembly and English Parliament, affirm, 'The honourable house of Parliament, the Assembly of Divines, the renowned city of London, and multitudes of other persons of all ranks and quality in this nation, and the whole body of Scotland, have all sworn it, rejoicing at the oath so graciously seconded from heaven. God will, doubtless, stand by all those, who with singleness of heart shall now enter into an everlasting covenant with the Lord.' (p. 161, emphasis added). The footnote tells us that the words Brown was quoting were taken from 'Exhortation to take the Covenant, February, 1644.'
"Our Modern Day Malignants
"Brown also includes a helpful section on a point some modern day malignants are once again attempting to use to overthrow the biblical attainments of the Covenanted Reformation. This section shows that the '(t)he intrinsic obligation of promises, oaths, vows, and covenants which constitutes their very essence or essential form, is totally and manifestly distinct from the obligation of the law of God in many respects.' (p. 120, emphasis added)
"Brown's Dying Testimony to his Children
"Finally, we cite a portion of Brown's dying testimony to his children given in the introduction (p. xix). Such testimonies, from notable Christian leaders, often contain singularly pertinent charges to their hearers. (For another notable example of this see James Renwick's dying testimony, as he was about to be martyred for his adherence to the Solemn League and Covenant, when he recounts what was later to become most of the terms of communion in Covenanted Presbyterian churches. This testimony can be found in Thompson's A CLOUD OF WITNESSES FOR THE ROYAL PREROGATIVES OF JESUS CHRIST BEING THE LAST SPEECHES AND TESTIMONIES OF THOSE WHO HAVE SUFFERED FOR THE TRUTH IN SCOTLAND SINCE . . . 1680. Here are Brown's dying words to his children: 'Adhere constantly, cordially and honestly to the Covenanted Principles of the Church of Scotland, and to that Testimony which hath been lifted up for them. I fear a generation is rising up which will endeavour silently,' (O how prophetic!), 'to let slip these matters, as if they were ashamed to hold them fast, or even to speak of them' (as with many "reformed" publishers and preachers today, who dare not touch the topics Brown deals with in this book -- RB). 'May the Lord forbid that any of you should ever enter into this confederacy against Jesus Christ and his cause! This from a dying father and minister, and a witness for Christ' (Signed) 'John Brown'."
"Do you Have What it Takes?
"If you have the courage to compare the original Reformed faith with that which is often promoted under its name today (and in many ways the old Reformed faith bears little resemblance to the 'new light' Reformers and innovators of our day), then this is an ideal book to obtain and study." -- Reg Barrow
Following are three works related to THE ABSURDITY AND PERFIDY OF ALL AUTHORITATIVE TOLERATION OF GROSS HERESY, BLASPHEMY, IDOLATRY, POPERY, IN BRITAIN by John Brown of Wamphray.
1. Barrow, Reg, Calvin, Covenanting, Close Communion and the Coming Reformation, 1996, a book review of ALEXANDER AND RUFUS . . . by John Anderson, 1862. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
"Shows how Calvin practiced covenanting and close communion and how the biblical view of these ordinances is intended to purify the individual, church and nation. Refutes the Popish, Independent and paedocommunion heresies -- as well as all views of open communion (so common in our day). Also argues that Arminians, anti-paedobaptists, anti-regulativists, and all those who openly violate the law of God (and are unrepentant), should be barred from the Lord's table -- as a corrective measure ordained of God for their recovery. Also demonstrates that those that would not swear to uphold the Geneva Confession (or 'human constitution,' as it was agreeable to the Word of God), of 1536 in Calvin's day were to be excommunicated and exiled from Geneva. This is Reformation History Notes number two." -- Reg Barrow
Calvin, Covenanting and Close Communion
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/CalvinCC.htm
2. Price, Greg L., Terms of Communion: Covenants and Covenanting, a series of 7 audio cassettes [audio files]. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
"Explains and defends the fourth term of communion, which is 'That public, social covenanting is an ordinance of God, obligatory on churches and nations under the New Testament; that the National Covenant and the Solemn League are an exemplification of this divine institution; and that these Deeds are of continued obligation upon the moral person; and in consistency with this, that the Renovation of these Covenants at Auchensaugh, Scotland, 1712 was agreeable to the word of God.' Includes the studies offered separately on the National Covenant (2 tapes), the Solemn League and Covenant (1 tape), the Auchensaugh Renovation (2 tapes), as well as two introductory lectures (only available in this set), on the biblical principles related to the ordinance of covenanting, the descending obligation of lawful covenants, objections against covenanting, etc. Roberts, in his REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM, catches the spirit of this tape set in the following question and answer:
"Q. May we not indulge the hope, that, in the goodness of our covenant God, and by the promised outpouring of his Holy Spirit, 'the kingdoms of the world' at large, and the British empire in particular, will dedicate themselves to God in a covenant not to be forgotten -- animated by the example of our covenant fathers exhibited in these memorable deeds?
"A. Yes. We have the most cheering grounds for this blessed hope; for it is written, that the nations at large in the spirit of devoted loyalty, shall cry -- 'Come and let us join ourselves to the Lord in a perpetual covenant that shall not be forgotten': and it cannot be well doubted, that the death-cry of the martyred Guthrie has been heard on high, and shall be verified -- 'The covenants, the covenants, shall yet be Scotland's (and the world's -- RB), reviving.' (p. 151)
"A thoroughly amazing set of tapes -- among our best!" -- Publisher
3. Cunningham, John (1819-1893), The Ordinance of Covenanting, 1843. A Christian classic. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #3, #27.
"This book is considered by many as the classic work on covenanting. 'The theology of Covenanting is here unfolded with a richness of scriptural research and a maturity of intellectual strength which would have made the grey eye of Peden glisten with delight. The treatise is a valuable addition to that solid theological literature of which the Reformed Presbyterian Church has produced repeated and enduring specimens, and stamps Mr. Cunningham as a distinguished disciple of the thoughtful and scriptural school of Mason and the Symingtons.' (Presbyterian Review [1844] as cited by Johnston, Treasury of the Scottish Covenant)
"The author himself notes that 'prayer and the offering of praise are universally admitted to be duties of religion. The Scriptures announce a place among these for the exercise of solemn Covenanting . . . What the word of God unfolds concerning it, is addressed to the most resolute consideration of all, and is capable of engaging the most extensive and prolonged investigation. And yet, though none have found this subject, like all God's judgements, else than a great deep, still in meditating upon it, the ignorant have been brought to true knowledge, and the wise have increased in wisdom. The secret of the Lord is with them that fear him; and he will shew them his covenant. (Psalm 25:14). Mutual federal engagements, concerning things religious and civil, whether entered into merely by simple promise, or confirmed by the solemn oath, have been made from the highest antiquity to the present. The hostility to some such engagements, and also the proud disregard for their obligation, which have been evinced by some in all ages, demand a most careful examination into their nature and design . . . Furnished with the key of Scripture, approaching the subject, we are enabled to open the mysteries in which ignorance and prejudice had shut it up; and equipped with the armour of light shooting forth its heavenly radiance, in safety to ourselves we assail the darkness thrown around it, and behold the instant flight of the spirits of error which that darkness contains. Standing alone in beauteous attractions descended from heaven upon it, this service beckons us to approach it, and engages to connect extensive good with a proper attention to its claims. The observance, under various phases, is described in Scripture as an undisputed and indisputable reality.'
"In this book Cunningham exhaustively covers the subject of covenanting in over 400 pages. He deals with the manner, duty and nature of covenanting (including personal and social covenanting), the obligation covenanting confers, how covenanting is provided for in the everlasting covenant, how it is adapted to the moral constitution of man and how it is according to the purposes of God. Numerous Divine examples are cited from Scripture and covenanting is shown to be one of the great privileges of the Christian life.
"An interesting chapter covers 'Covenanting Enforced By the Grant of Covenant Signs and Seals;' which touches on circumcision, baptism, the Sabbath, the Priesthood, the new heart and the person and work of the Lord Jesus Christ. Furthermore, this book demonstrates how God's approbation rested upon Covenanters in former ages, how covenanting is predicted in prophecy, how it is recommended by the practice of the New Testament Church and at what seasons it is appropriate. The appendices touch on the relationship of covenanting to immoral and unscriptural civil governments, the Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland, the British constitution and the apostasy of the Revolution settlement.
"Additionally, Cunningham acknowledges that the true church is 'bound by the obligations of the Church of God is past times' and is still obligated to pay what it has vowed to the Lord in those magnificent attainments of the second Reformation (the epitome of these attainments being embodied in the Solemn League and Covenant and the Westminster Standards).
"If you are interested in the ordinance of covenanting this is the most extensive treatment you will find in one book. It is a gold mine of Scriptural references and should be read at least once by everyone who calls upon the name of Christ." -- Publisher
"David Steele dedicated this work [NOTES ON THE APOCALYPSE -- compiler], to John Cunningham, author of THE ORDINANCE OF COVENANTING." -- Publisher
The Ordinance of Covenanting
http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/6/29/ordinance-of-covenanting

*Brutus, Junius (attributed to Philippe Duplessis-Mornay [1549-1623] and sometimes to Hubert Languet [1518-1581]), A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants, ISBN: 0921148453. Alternate title: VINDICIAE, CONTRA TYRANNOS: OR, CONCERNING THE LEGITIMATE POWER OF A PRINCE OVER THE PEOPLE, AND OF THE PEOPLE OVER A PRINCE, Hubert Languet (author) [also attributed to Stephanus Junius Brutus a pseudonym for Philippe Duplessis-Mornay], George Garnett (editor), ISBN: 0521342090 9780521342094. This [ISBN: 0921148453] is a reprint of a 1689 edition of this work, which was originally written in 1579. A Christian classic. Available [ISBN: 0921148453] on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available [ISBN: 0921148453] on Reformation Bookshelf CD #26.
"Piety commands that the law and church of God be maintained. Justice requires that tyrants and destroyers of the commonwealth be compelled to reason. Charity challenges the right of relieving and restoring the oppressed. Those who make no account of these things do as much as in them lies to drive piety, justice, and charity out of this world, that they may never more be heard of." -- Junius Brutus
"John Adams held this book to be one of the most influential books in America on the eve of the Revolution. This 'defense' manual will help equip you for the battle." -- Publisher
"This book was even more influential than Thomas Payne's COMMON SENSE, in molding the American mind and preparing it for the war for independence. Much of our Declaration of Independence reflects its wisdom and thought. Written by a French Huguenot to give Biblical and civil justification for fighting against a government that was illegally killing it own people during the religious wars on France between the 1540s and late 1700. A must reading for those who want to understand religious and political history of Europe, or want to better understand the Biblical justification sought by our own founding fathers in their fight for independence. A must read!" -- Reader's Comment
Vidiciae Contra Tyrannos: A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants, by Junius Brutus, attributed to Philippe Duplessis-Mornay [1549-1623]
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae.htm
The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

*Bunyan, John (1628-1688), and Robert Philip (1791-1858), The Greatness of the Soul: and The Unspeakableness of the Loss Thereof; No way to Heaven but by Jesus Christ; The Strait Gate. Alternate title: THE GREATNESS OF THE SOUL, AND UNSPEAKABLENESS OF THE LOSS THEREOF: WITH THE CAUSES OF THE LOSING IT: FIRST PREACHED AT PINNERS HALL, AND NOW ENLARGED, AND PUBLISHED FOR GOOD. A Christian classic. Considered to be among the ten greatest books in the English language. Available (THE WORKS OF JOHN BUNYAN), on the Puritan Hard Drive.
"In the 1660s, Charles II, King of England, asked John Owen (1616 -- 83), why he went to hear the preaching of an uneducated tinker. [John Bunyan -- compiler]. Looking the King in the eye, Owen answered, 'May it please your Majesty, could I possess the tinker's ability for preaching, I would willingly relinquish all my learning'." -- Andrew Thomson, John Owen, Prince of Puritans
Owen would not have been surprised to learn that Bunyan's most influential work, PILGRIM'S PROGRESS, would be translated into more languages over the next 400 years than any book except the Bible.
The Greatness of the Soul: and The Unspeakableness of the Loss Thereof; No way to Heaven but by Jesus Christ; The Strait Gate
http://archive.org/details/greatnessofsoulu00bunyuoft
Pilgrim's Page: A John Bunyan Archive
This is the complete set of THE WORKS OF JOHN BUNYAN, George Offor edition, the edition reprinted by The Banner of Truth. It is free online, and is downloadable in the following formats: HTML, RTF, TEXT, and PDF.
http://www.mountzion.org/bunyan.html

Cullen, Edgar M., The Decline of Personal Liberty in America.

*Cunningham, John (1819-1893), The Church History of Scotland: From the Commencement of the Christian Era to the Present Time, 1882, 2nd edition, 2 volumes. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #30.
"Few people are as well qualified to write such a history as the author of these volumes. Provides a vivid recounting of the struggle for independence and religious freedom." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Deane, William J., and Thomas Kirk, Studies in the First Book of Samuel.

*Dillenberger, John, (editor), Martin Luther: Selections From his Writings, ISBN: 0385098766 9780385098762. A Christian classic.
"The development of Martin Luther's thought was both a symptom and moving force in the transformation of the Middle Ages into the modern world. Geographical discovery, an emerging scientific tradition, and a climate of social change had splintered the unity of medieval Christian culture, and these changes provided the background for Luther's theological challenge. His new apprehension of Scripture and fresh understanding of man's relation to God demanded a break with the Church as then constituted and released the powerful impulses that carried the Reformation. Luther's vigorous, colorful language still retains the excitement it had for thousands of his contemporaries. In this volume, Dr. Dillenberger has made a representative selection from Luther's extensive writings, and has also provided the reader with a lucid introduction to his thought." -- Publisher
See "Martin Luther's Treatise on Christian Liberty" (The Freedom of the Christian).
"If one were to single out one short document representing the content and spirit of Luther's faith 'The Freedom of the Christian' would undoubtedly be at the top." -- John Dillenberger

*Ellul, Jacques (1912-1994), Ethics of Freedom.
"Ellul examines political freedom, but also talks about working it out in all human relationships. In a kind of dialogue with the Bible, he relates the Christian concept of freedom as rooted in the liberating work of Christ . . ." -- Vernon Grounds

*Ganz, Richard, You Shall be Free Indeed! The Statutes of Liberty for Godly Living.
"Shows how to have the freedom Christ gives. Rings the changes on 'freedom:' true vs. false, internal and external, from the expectations of others, to fail or succeed, to change, from self-love, to love, from legalistic holiness, for gospel holiness." -- David Powlison
"Drawing from his experience as a nouthetic counselor and pastor, Ganz shows how Christians can have the freedom that Christ gives his people. Jay Adams says: 'This is one of the most encouraging and helpful books I have read in a long time'." -- GCB

Gray, Andrew (1633-1656), The Duty and the Liberty of a Christian Church: Asserted Against Popery, Puseyism and Erastianism (BiblioBazaar, August 19, 2009), 48 pages, ISBN: 1113347295 9781113347299.

*Hammon, T.C., Perfect Freedom: An Introduction to Christian Ethics

Hayek, Friedrich A., The Road to Serfdom, ISBN: 0415035287.
"A modern restatement of the great conflict between liberty and authority." -- Publisher
"This classic by one of the 20th century's leading libertarian thinkers has established itself beside the works of Orwell and others as a timeless meditation on the relationship between human freedom and government authority. Hayek argues that empowering government with increasing economic control leads not to utopia but to horrors such those seen in Nazi Germany.
"Hayek describes the world in 1944, alarmed by the rising ideas of the 'inevitable' trends to economic planning and centralization, pointing out the path that leads to totalitarian regimes. He says that socialism, fascism and nazism are 'species' of collectivisation which don't differ in their nature.
"In his book he tries to prove that in searching for security, governments can start to plan economic activities and, as this power grows, embark in building a society where every aspect of people's daily life was previously decided by the desire of a planner, because 'economic control is the control of the means for all our ends.'
"Hayek's work was a sort of bible for the neo-liberal era inaugurated by Thatcher and Reagan in the 80's and, although he explicitly opposes to the 19th century 'laissez-faire' economy, in many paragraphs he seems very "nostalgic" about it.
"It is maybe one of the best counterparts of Marx's THE CAPITAL and, thus, a must-read for any socialist or communist (as Marx is a must-read for every capitalist), in order to widen your knowledge of economics and to come to a better conclusion about defining your political beliefs. -- Reader's Comment
"I was introduced to Friedrich von Hayek through reading Thomas Sowell. And I decided to read this book because it was a highly recommended read in the Freedom's Nest Website Reading List. . . .
"In a totalitarian state, it is always the ruthless and the unsophisticated who ascend to the top. Extensive governmental control harms the society not just in delivering dismal economic results, but, more seriously, it produces a psychological change, an alteration in the character of the people.
"This little book was said to have had definitive influence on such giants as Churchill, Thatcher, Reagan and many others. Perhaps the book's influence was best attested to by its being banned in the USSR, China and many other totalitarian countries." -- Reader's Comment

*Hopkins, Rev. Mark, D.D., The Sabbath and Free Institutions. A Paper Read Before the National Sabbath Convention, Saratoga, Aug. 13, 1863. On Invitation of the New York Sabbath Committee.
"Hopkins argues three points, 1. That a religious observance of the Sabbath, or, as it may be called by way of distinction, the religious Sabbath, would secure the permanence of free institutions [civil governments], 2. That without the Sabbath religiously observed, the permanence of free institutions cannot be secured, and 3. That the civil, as based on the religious Sabbath, is an institution to which society has a natural right, precisely as it has to property." -- Wurth Books
"These propositions were demonstrated by a process of reasoning simple and irresistible, and, we may add, majestic. The third of these propositions, viz.: That society has a natural right to the civil Sabbath, is one of special interest and importance. It furnishes a firm foundation on which to rest rights and duty of the community to protect the Sabbath by civil legislation." -- Charles Hodge, D.D., of Princeton, reporting to The National Sabbath Convention, 1863, p. 19, "The Sabbath and Free Institutions." Charles Hodge and his son, A.A. Hodge, are considered to be two of the finest theologians produced by America.
"Mark Hopkins, educator, b. in Stockbridge, Mass., 4 Feb., 1802; d. in Williamstown, Mass., 17 June, 1887. He was a grandson of Col. Mark, of the Revolutionary army, a graduate of Yale, and the first lawyer in Berkshire county, who was a younger brother of Dr. Samuel, the theologian, and married to a half-sister of Ephraim Williams, the founder of Williams College. He was graduated at Williams in 1824, with the valedictory, was a tutor in that college in 1825-7, studied medicine at the same time, and was graduated at the Berkshire medical school in 1829. He began practice in New York city, but in 1830 was called to the chair of moral philosophy and rhetoric at Williams. He was licensed to preach in 1832. In 1836 he succeeded Dr. Edward D. Griffin as president of the college, which post he held until 1872, when he resigned, though retaining the chair of moral and intellectual philosophy, which was established for him in 1836, and that of Christian theology, which he assumed in 1858. The pastorate of the college church, on which he entered in 1836, he retained till 1883. He became president of the American board of commissioners for foreign missions in 1857. He received the degree of D.D. from Dartmouth in 1837, and Harvard in 1841, and that of LL.D. from the University of the state of New York in 1857, and from Harvard at its 259th anniversary in 1886.
"President Hopkins had a large influence for good, and was much beloved by his pupils, many of whom became eminent men, among them James A. Garfield. He was one of the most acute students of moral science that this country has produced since Jonathan Edwards. The last and fullest expression of his philosophical system is found the works entitled THE LAW OF LOVE AND LOVE AS THE LAW [CHRISTIAN ETHICS], ISBN: 9781429017824 1429017821 and AN OUTLINE STUDY OF MAN [AN OUTLINE STUDY OF MAN, or, THE BODY AND MIND IN ONE SYSTEM WITH ILLUSTRATIVE DIAGRAMS, AND A METHOD FOR BLACKBOARD TEACHING, New York: Scribners, 1887, c1886], both extensively used as textbooks, and the latter illustrating his methods in the classroom." -- Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, 1888.
The Sabbath and Free Institutions
http://www.lettermen2.com/hopkins.html

Kelly, Kent, The Separation of Church and Freedom: A war Manual for Christian Soldiers, ISBN: 0960413804 9780960413805.

Lindgren, Alvin J., and Norman Shawchuk, Let My People Go: Empowering Laity for Ministry, ISBN: 0687213770 9780687213771.
"Well reasoned and on target, this discussion of the potential of laypeople comes like a breath of fresh air to those engaged in ministry." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Lloyd-Jones, D. Martyn, (1899-1981), Authority, ISBN: 0851513867 9780851513867.
"The late Doctor was revered for his adherence to all the teachings of the Bible, wherever they might lead. By the time of his death in the last decade, there were only a few preachers left in England who were able and also willing to preach the whole counsel of God. But Lloyd-Jones never flinched, nor excused those who did.
"This little book contains three of his sermons on the subject of authority: The Authority of Jesus Christ; The Authority of the Scriptures; The Authority of the Holy Spirit. They were preached because the Doctor saw that there is a crisis of authority in society in our day. Name an authority, and see if it is not being violated. The fools of our age think that authority is incompatible with man's freedom. Whereas, the only freedom worthy of that name comes from being under the authority of Christ Jesus, our Saviour, our Lord, and our God. . . . Dr. L-J sees the road to recovery from this rebellion to lie in the fearless assertion of Divine authority as pictured in the Holy Scriptures. Either we must admit the authority of truth, or else it is to be a state of 'the blackness of darkness for ever' for us
. . ." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.

*Loane, Marcus L., Makers of Religious Freedom in the Seventeenth Century: Henderson, Rutherford, Bunyan, Baxter.
"Students of church and state will appreciate this book because it narrates the vigorous struggle for religious freedom on the part of Alexander Henderson and Samuel Rutherford in Scotland, and John Bunyan and Richard Baxter in England." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Luther, Martin (1483-1546), Commentary on Galatians, English translation by Erasmus Middleton, B.D., edited by John Prince Fallowes, M.A., Pembroke College, Cambridge, ISBN: 0825431247. A Christian classic. Considered to be among the ten greatest books in the English language. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
"I prefer this book of Martin Luther's (except the Bible), before all the books I have ever seen, as most fit for a wounded soul." -- John Bunyan
"This is a great, historic work, and is beyond criticism on account of its great usefulness. As a comment its accuracy might be questioned; but for emphatic utterances and clear statements of the great doctrine of the Epistle it remains altogether by itself, and must be judged per use." -- C.H. Spurgeon
"The reissue of a famous series of lectures delivered at Wittenberg University in 1553." -- Cyril J. Barber
Commentary on Galatians, Martin Luther
http://archive.org/details/cu31924029294133
Luther's Commentary on Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that you should not obey the truth. (Galatians 3:1 excerpt), English translation by Erasmus Middleton, B.D., edited by John Prince Fallowes, M.A., Pembroke College, Cambridge
http://www.lettermen2.com/luther1.html
Luther's Commentary on Galatians, That He might deliver us from the present evil world. (Galatians 1:4 excerpt), English translation by Erasmus Middleton, B.D., edited by John Prince Fallowes, M.A., Pembroke College, Cambridge
http://www.lettermen2.com/luther2.html

*Luther, Martin, (1483-1546), Concerning Christian Liberty, ISBN: 0585150281 9780585150284. A Christian classic.
"An unabridged edition, to include: LETTER OF MARTIN LUTHER TO POPE LEO X and CONCERNING CHRISTIAN LIBERTY, with updated typeface." -- Publisher

*Machen, J. Gresham, (1881-1937), The Christian View of Man, ISBN: 0851511120 9780851511122.
"This book by one of the founders of Westminster Theological Seminary and the Orthodox Presbyterian Church is undoubtedly one of the best guides, from a Reformed perspective, to be found anywhere. If you want a sound guide to the basic teachings of the Bible, you will find it in this book. Highly recommended!" -- GCB
"Provides an excellent introduction to Christian anthropology. First published in 1937." -- Cyril J. Barber
Deals with predestination and human freedom.

*Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-Mystery of Sanctification: Growing in Holiness by Living in Union With Christ, ISBN: 189277724X. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
The Reformation Heritage Books edition is a reprint of the 1954 edition set by Oliphants and includes an introduction by Joel R. Beeke. Also includes the author's famous sermon on "The Doctrine of Justification Opened and Applied."
See the WorldCat record for various foreign language editions.
Other editions:
Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-Mystery of Sanctification, ISBN: 1597520543 9781597520546.
"This is by far the best book on the doctrine of Sanctification in print. It was originally written in the 17th century, but has been put into modern English with this edition. This book will help you better understand the Gospel and its power not only for our Justification, but our Sanctification as well." -- Reader's Comment
Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-Mystery of Sanctification, ISBN: 1589600630 9781589600638.
"Here you will read the most closely reasoned defense of scriptural sanctification to be found anywhere. . . . Fourteen directions are given to the reader, all perfected with the aim of explaining to sincere souls what sanctification is, what it is not, and how to attain a holy walk before God. . . ." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-mystery of Sanctification, Opened, in Sundry Practical Directions: Suited Especially to the Case of Those who Labor Under the Guilt and Power of Indwelling Sin. To Which is Added a Sermon on Justification (1859)
http://archive.org/details/gospelmysteryofs02mars

Martin, Ralph P., Colossians: The Church's Lord and the Christian's Liberty: An Expository Commentary, ISBN: 0853641250 9780853641254.

*McFetridge, N.S., Calvinism in History. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
"A splendid book." -- Loraine Boettner
"The rich Reformation heritage of truth and freedom is set forth in four chapters: 1. Calvinism as a Political Force, 2. Calvinism as a Political Force in the History of the USA, 3. Calvinism as a Moral Force, 4. Calvinism as an Evangelizing Force." -- Publisher
"Arminianism, taking to an aristocratic form of church government, tend toward a monarchy in civil affairs, while Calvinism, taking to a republican form of church government, tends toward a democracy in civil affairs."

McLeod, John Neil, (1806-1874), Protestantism, the Parent and Guardian of Civil and Religious Liberty. Found in MISCELLANEOUS, VOL. 6.

*Morey, Robert, The New Atheism and the Erosion of Freedom, ISBN: 0875523625 9780875523620.
"Exposes the godless suppression of religious freedom today and presents effective ways to convert atheists to Christ. In case you have not noticed atheism/secular humanism is gaining ground. Are you grounded in what these philosophies teach? Can you refute them? Dr. Morey will show you how." -- GCB
The American Atheist Union has said this is the most dangerous book ever written about religion.
Includes bibliography.

*Murray, Iain, The Reformation of the Church: A Collection of Reformed and Puritan Documents on Church Issues, ISBN: 085151118X 9780851511184.
"First published in 1965 and once again available. Documents are drawn largely from the 16th and 17th centuries and presents the finest thinking of the fathers on authority and freedom, the need for reformation, the nature of the government, unity, and membership of the Church of Jesus Christ." -- GCB

*Neal, Daniel, and Joshua Toulmin, The History of the Puritans, or, Protestant Non-conformists: From the Reformation in 1517, to the Revolution in 1688; Comprising an Account of Their Principles; Their attempts for a farther reformation in the church, their sufferings, and the lives and characters of their most considerable divines, 3 volumes.
"Reprinted from the latest edition and containing critical notes, this outstanding presentation of Protestant nonconformity (from 1517 to 1688), delineates the course of action taken by those dubbed Puritan, describes the seeds of liberty and democracy that they spread and that lie latent in their history and teachings, and presents a vivid picture of the effect of their stand for truth. This is an excellent work and is well-deserving of careful study. The benefits of reading these volumes is too great to be tabulated here. We can only hope that a new generation of men and women who are loyal to the Lord and His Word will peruse these pages to their own great profit." -- Cyril J. Barber

Osborn, Robert T., Freedom in Modern Theology.
Includes bibliographic footnotes.

*Parliament, The First Parliament During the Reign of James VI of Scotland, Christ's Triumphant Entry Into Scotland; Or, The Subjugation of the People, Laws, Liberties, and Crown of Scotland to His Supreme Majesty Jesus Christ, King of Kings, and Lord of Lords; Being, The Complete Text of all of the Acts of the First Parliament During the Reign of James VI of Scotland.
He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law. (Isaiah 42:4)
The LORD reigneth; let the earth rejoice; let the multitude of isles be glad thereof. (Psalm 97:1)
And he shall bring forth thy righteousness as the light, and thy judgment as the noonday. (Psalm 37:6)
http://truecovenanter.com/official/acts_of_parliament_scotland_james_vi_p01.phtml
See: Skene, John, THE LAVVES AND ACTES OF PARLIAMENT, MAID BE KING IAMES THE FIRST, AND HIS SUCCESSOURS KINGES OF SCOTLAND.

Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Slavery Christianity: Paul's Letter to Philemon, an article (Unicoi, TN: The Trinity Foundation, November, 2005), ISBN: 1891777173 9781891777172.
"Slavery. Racism. Rebellion. Civil disobedience. The problems are as pressing today as they were 1900 years ago when the Apostle Paul wrote a letter to a slave-owner, Philemon, about his runaway slave -- and the runaway slave carried Paul's letter back to his legal owner.
"What did the letter say? Did Paul -- does Christianity -- approve of slavery? Does Christianity condone slavery? Or does the Gospel abolish slavery and establish freedom wherever it is believed? Jesus said, If you abide in my Word, you are my disciples indeed; and you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.
"Paul's letter to Philemon is a masterpiece of divinely inspired political philosophy. It provides the basis for the non-violent abolition of slavery wherever the Gospel of Jesus Christ is preached and believed.
"Dr. John W. Robbins holds the Ph.D. in Political Philosophy from The Johns Hopkins University. His most recent book is FREEDOM AND CAPITALISM: ESSAYS ON CHRISTIAN POLITICS AND ECONOMICS." -- Publisher

*Roberts, William Louis (1798-1864), The Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, ISBN: 0524065543 9780524065549. A Christian classic. Considered to be among the ten greatest books in the English language. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available from ATLA 1991-2638.
A magnificent catechism that sets forth the Crown Rights of The King of Glory and Lord of Lords. It also presents incontrovertible evidence that the United States Constitution is not a Christian document, and that it is, in fact, a slavery document.
"A manual of instruction, drawing from such notable authors as William Symington and J.R. Willson, presenting 'arguments and facts confirming and illustrating the 'Distinctive Principles' of the Reformed Presbyterian Church. Chapters deal with: 'Christ's Mediatorial Dominion in General;' Christ's Exclusive Headship Over the Church;' 'The Supreme and Ultimate Authority of the Word of God in the Church;' Civil Government, the Moral Ordinance of God;' Christ's Headship Over the Nations;' 'The Subjection of the Nations to God and to Christ;' The Word, or Revealed Will of God, the Supreme Law in the State;' 'The Duty of Nations, in Their National Capacity, to Acknowledge and Support the True Religion:' 'The Spiritual Independence of the Church of Christ:' 'The Right and Duty of Dissent From an Immoral Constitution of Civil Government;' 'The Duty of Covenanting, and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants;' 'The Application of These Principles to the Governments, Where Reformed Presbyterians Reside, in the Form of a Practical Testimony;' and finally 'Application of the Testimony to the British Empire. . . .' -- Publisher
Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
http://archive.org/details/ReformedPresbyterianCatechism
Roberts, William, On the Mediatorial Dominion of The Lord Jesus Christ, excerpted from THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM.
http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/roberts_rp_catechism_section_01_mediatorial_dominion.html
Roberts, William, The Exclusive Headship of The Lord Jesus Christ Over the Church of God, excerpted from the REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM.
http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/roberts_rp_catechism_section_02_christs_headship_over_the_church.html
Roberts, William, Civil Government the Moral Ordinance of God, excerpted from THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM.
http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/roberts_rp_catechism_section_04_civil_government.html
Roberts, William, On Christ's Headship Over the Nations, excerpted from THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM.
http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/roberts_rp_catechism_section_05_christs_headship_over_nations.html
Roberts, William, The Subjection of the Nations to God and to Christ, excerpted from the REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM.
http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/roberts_rp_catechism_section_06_subjection_of_nations_to_christ.html
See also: "The Scottish Covenanting Struggle, Alexander Craighead, and the Mecklenburg Declaration," SECRET PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, CONSPIRACY IN PHILADELPHIA: THE ORIGINS OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION, and A THEOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF AMERICAN HISTORY.

*Rushdoony, Rousas J., (1916-2001), Christianity and the State, ISBN: 9996717755. Available through Exodus Books.
"The need to return to a Biblical doctrine of civil government is evidenced by our century's worldwide drift into tyranny. Humanism invariably rushes in to fill the world's theological vacuums: the need of the hour is to restore a full-orbed, Biblical, theology of the state. This work sets forth that theology." -- GCB

*Rutherford, Samuel, (1600-1661), A Free Disputation Against Pretended Liberty of Conscience, 1649. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #9, #25, and #26.
"Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION, though scarce, is still one of his most important works with maybe only a few copies of the actual book left in existence. Though Rutherford is affectionately remembered in our day for his LETTERS, or for laying the foundations of constitutional government (against the divine right of kings), in his unsurpassed LEX, REX his FREE DISPUTATION should not be overlooked for it contains the same searing insights as LEX, REX. In fact, this book should probably be known as Rutherford's 'politically incorrect' companion volume to LEX, REX. A sort of sequel aimed at driving pluralists and antinomians insane. Written against 'the Belgick Arminians, Socinians, and other Authors contending for lawless liberty, or licentious Tolerations of Sects and Heresies,' Rutherford explains the undiluted Biblical solution to moral relativism, especially as it is expressed in ecclesiastical and civil pluralism! (Corporate pluralism being a violation of the first commandment and an affront to the holy God of Scripture). He also deals with conscience, toleration, penology (punishment), and the judicial laws, as related to both the civil and ecclesiastical realms. Excellent sections are also included which address questions related to determining the fundamentals of religion, how covenants bind us, the perpetual obligation of social covenants (with direct application to the Solemn League and Covenant and the covenant-breaking of Cromwell and his sectarian supporters), whether the punishing of seducing teachers be persecution of conscience, and much more. Walker adds these comments and context regarding Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION, 'The principle of toleration was beginning to be broached in England, and in a modified shape to find acceptance there. Samuel Rutherford was alarmed, or rather, I should say, he was horrified, for he neither feared the face of man or argument. He rushed to the rescue of the good old view . . . It is not so easy to find a theoretical ground for toleration; and Rutherford has many plausible things to say against it. With the most perfect confidence, he argues that it is alike against Scripture and common sense that you should have two religions side by side. It is outrageous ecclesiastically, it is sinful civilly. He does not, however, take what I call the essentially persecuting ground. He does not hold that the magistrate is to punish religion as religion. Nay, he strongly maintains that the civil magistrate never aims at the conscience. The magistrate, he urges, does not send anyone, whether a heretic (who is a soul murderer -- RB), or a murderer, to the scaffold with the idea of producing conversion or other spiritual result, but to strengthen the foundations of civil order. But if he gives so much power to the king, he is no lover of despotism withal: the king himself must be under law. To vindicate this great doctrine is the object of another book, the celebrated LEX, REX; of which it has been said by one competent to judge, that it first clearly developed the constitutionalism which all men now accept.' (Theology and Theologians . . . pp. 11-12). In our day Francis Schaeffer, and numerous others, have critiqued many of the problems found in modern society, but most have spent little time developing explicitly Biblical solutions especially regarding the theoretical foundations that Rutherford addresses here. Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION provides a detailed blueprint for laying the foundations that must be laid before any lasting, God-honoring solutions will be found. Furthermore, Rutherford and his writings were the enemies of all governments not covenanted with Christ. This book will give you a very clear picture as to why 'the beast' (civil and ecclesiastical), has reserved his special hatred for such teaching. As Samuel Wylie noted 'the dispute, then, will not turn upon the point whether religion should be civilly established . . . but it is concerning what religion ought to be civilly established and protected, -- whether the religion of Jesus alone should be countenanced by civil authority, or every blasphemous, heretical, and idolatrous abomination which the subtle malignity of the old serpent and a heart deceitful above all things and desperately wicked, can frame and devise, should be put on an equal footing therewith." -- The Two Sons of Oil; or, the Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis. Can our generation swallow Rutherford's hard, anti-pluralistic, Covenanter medicine, poured forth from the bottle of the first commandment, without choking on their carnal dreams of a free and righteous society divorced from God (and His absolute claims upon everyone and everything)? Not without the enabling power of the Holy Spirit -- that is for sure! In summary, this book answers all the hardest questions theonomists (and their wisest and best opponents), have been asking for the last 20-30 years (and these answers are much more in depth than any we have seen in the last couple of millennia [less about a century to account for the apostles]). As the reader will discover, Rutherford was a wealthy man when it came to wisdom (and much advanced theologically), and those who take the time to gaze into the King's treasure house, as exhibited in this book, will find that they are greatly rewarded. Furthermore, because of its uncompromising stand upon the Word of God, this book is sure to be unpopular among a wicked and adulterous generation. However, on the other hand, it is sure to be popular among the covenanted servants of King Jesus! This is one of the best books (in the top five anyway), for advanced study of the Christian faith. We have now obtained an easy-to-read, amazingly clear copy of this very rare, old treasure. Great price too, considering that a copy of the 1649 edition, containing this quality of print, would likely cost upwards of $1000 on the rare book market -- though it is unlikely you would ever see a copy for sale!" -- Publisher
A Brotherly and Free Epistle to the Patrons and Friends of Pretended Liberty of Conscience, Samuel Rutherford
http://www.truecovenanter.com/anti_toleration/rutherfurd_epistle_against_pretendedlibertyofconscience.html
The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

*Rutherford, Samuel (1600-1661), Lex, Rex, or the Law and the Prince, ISBN: 0873779517. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #10, #25.
" 'Lex, rex' is Latin for 'law is king.'
"LEX, REX is 'the great political text of the Covenanters.' (Johnston citing Innes in Treasury of the Scottish Covenant, p. 305). 'Rutherford was the first to formulate the great constitutional principle Lex est Rex -- the law is King . . . much of the doctrine has become the constitutional inheritance of all countries in modern times.'
"Gilmour writes [in SAMUEL RUTHERFORD], 'that, as regards religious fervour, scholastic subtlety of intellect, and intensity of ecclesiastical conviction, Samuel Rutherford is the most distinctively representative Scotsman in the first half of the seventeenth century'." -- Publisher
"Without a doubt one of the greatest books on political philosophy ever written. Rutherford here has penned a great Christian charter of liberty against all forms of civil tyranny -- vindicating the Scriptural duty to resist tyrants as an act of loyalty to God." -- Publisher
"That resistance to lawful authority -- even when that authority so called has, in point of fact, set at nought 'all law' -- is in no instance to be vindicated, will be held by those only who are the devotees of arbitrary power and passive obedience. The principles of Mr. Rutherford's LEX, REX, however obnoxious they may be to such men, are substantially the principles on which all government is founded, and without which the civil magistrate would become a curse rather than a blessing to a country. They are the very principles which lie at the basis of the British Constitution, and by whose tenure the House of Brunswick does at this very moment hold possession of the throne of these realms." -- Rev. Robert Burns, D.D., in his "Preliminary Dissertation" to Wodrow's Church History
Additional sources of text related to LEX REX are as follows:
"Though Rutherford is affectionately remembered in our day for his LETTERS, or for laying the foundations of constitutional government (against the divine right of kings), in his unsurpassed LEX, REX, his FREE DISPUTATION should not be overlooked, for it contains the same searing insights as LEX, REX. In fact, this book [A FREE DISPUTATION AGAINST PRETENDED LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE -- compiler] should probably be known as Rutherford's 'politically incorrect' companion volume to LEX, REX. It is a sort of sequel aimed at driving pluralists and antinomians insane. Written against 'the Belgick Arminians, Socinians, and other Authors contending for lawless liberty, or licentious Tolerations of Sects and Heresies,' Rutherford explains the undiluted Biblical solution to moral relativism, especially as it is expressed in ecclesiastical and civil pluralism! (Corporate pluralism being a violation of the first commandment, and an affront to the holy God of Scripture)." -- Publisher
A HIND LET LOOSE by Alexander Shields is sometimes referred to as 'Lex, Rex, Volume Two.'
A Hind Let Loose; or An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland. . . . by Mr. Alexander Shields, Minister of the Gospel, in St. Andrews
http://www.truecovenanter.com/shields/
A Hind let Loose; or, An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland, for the Interest of Christ
"This book sets forth the Crown rights of King Jesus, against all usurpers in both church and state, giving a history of some of faithful sufferings endured by the elect, in maintaining this truth." -- Publisher
http://archive.org/details/hindletlooseorhi00shie
"This [THE DUE RIGHT OF PRESBYTERIES OR A PEACEABLE PLEA FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND] -- compiler, could be considered the LEX, REX of church government -- another exceedingly rare masterpiece of Presbyterianism! Characterized by Walker as sweeping 'over a wider field than most'." -- Publisher
Rutherford, Samuel (1600-1661), Lex, rex: The law and the Prince, a Dispute for the Just Prerogative of King and People. (1843)
http://archive.org/details/lexrexlawandpri00ruthgoog
Lex, Rex, or The Law and the Prince, Samuel Rutherford
"Rutherford is to be praised for his teaching that the king is subject to the law of God. The Bible has nothing but condemnation for those who frame mischief by a law and declares rhetorically, Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee? (Psalm 94:20). Deuteronomy 17 is the classic passage in defense of Lex, Rex, wherein the king is charged to read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, to keep all the words of this law. (Deuteronomy 17:19)." -- Publisher
http://www.constitution.org/sr/lexrex.htm
Lex, rex: the law and the Prince, a Dispute for the Just Prerogative of King and People, containing the reasons and causes of the defensive wars of the kingdom of Scotland, and of their expedition for the ayd and help of their brethren of England. In which a full answer is given to a seditious pamphlet, intituled, Sacro-sancta regum majestas, penned by J. Maxwell. By S. Rutherford. [Followed by], De jure regni apud Scotos; a dialogue, tr. by R. Macfarlan (repr. from the ed. of 1799).
http://books.google.com/books?id=jtYDAAAAQAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html
The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

*Shepard, Thomas (1605-1649), and Jonathan Mitchel (1624-1668), Subjection to Christ in all his Ordinances and Appointments the Best Means to Preserve our Liberty: Together with a treatise of ineffectual hearing the Word, how we may know whether we have heard the same effectually, and by what means it may become effectual unto us: with some remarkable passages of his life / by Tho. Shephard . . . now published by Mr. Jonathan Michel . . . Running title: A WHOLESOME CAVEAT FOR A TIME OF LIBERTY. "To the reader" signed: William Greenhill [and] Samuel Mather. "To the Christian reader" signed: Edm. Calamy, 1654.

Sibbes, Richard, (1577-1635), Glorious Freedom, ISBN: 0851517919. Alternate title: THE EXCELLENCY OF THE GOSPEL ABOVE THE LAW. Available (THE WORKS OF RICHARD SIBBES), on the Puritan Hard Drive.

*Stevens, R. Paul, Liberating the Laity: Equipping All the Saints for Ministry, ISBN: 0877846138 9780877846130.
"Seeks to abolish the distinction between clergy and laity and to elevate believers to their true dignity as ministers of Christ. Stevens is not an anticleric. His iconoclasm is of a different order; and his goal is the mobilization of the people of God to do the work he desires. . . ." -- Cyril J. Barber

*Swindoll, Charles, The Grace Awakening, ISBN: 9780849911880 0849911885.
"This is a book about the wonderful fact that Christianity faithfully lived will bring blessedness to our earthly existence, if we ignore the unholy 'grace-killers' among us. Jesus said, 'If therefore the Son shall make your free, you shall be free indeed. . . .' " -- Publisher
"More and more Christians are realizing that the man-made restrictions and legalistic regulations under which they have been living have not come from the God of grace, but have been enforced by people who do not want others to be free. . . . Scarcely a day passes when I am not reminded of the need for a book emphasizing the full extent of grace, giving people permission to be free, absolutely free in Christ. Why? Because so few are!" -- Charles Swindoll
The author believes this is the most important book he has written. The message of Christian freedom is as repressed as the Gospel itself. This book will bless the hearts of the many who have never read a presentation of the message of our freedom in Christ and its wonderful practical implications for the individual, the church, and the nation. A study guide by the same name is available.
"The God of the universe has given us an amazing, revolutionary gift of grace and freedom. This freedom and grace set us apart from every other 'religion' on the face of the earth.
"In this best-selling classic, Charles Swindoll urges you not to miss living a grace-filled life. Freedom and joy -- not lists and demands and duties -- await all who believe in the Lord Jesus Christ. -- Publisher

Toon, Peter, Free to Obey: The Real Meaning of Authority, ISBN: 084230925X 9780842309257.
"Treats clearly and concisely the fact of sin and the enslavement of mankind to it. Explains the only path to perfect freedom. . . ." -- Cyril J. Barber

*VanderKemp, Johannes, The Christian Entirely the Property of Christ, in Life and Death: Exhibited in Fifty-three Sermons on the Heidelbergh Catechism. See "all editions" in WorldCat.org.
The Christian Entirely the Property of Christ in Life and Death (Free download, Kindle format)
http://archive.org/details/christianentire00kempgoog

*Weaver, Henry Grady, Mainspring of Human Progress.
A monograph on the history of freedom.
Includes bibliography.

Woodson, William, (editor), Freedom: Heritage, Accomplishments and Prospects in Christ.
Freed-Hardeman College Lectures, 1976. Includes bibliographical references.

Wylie, James A. (1808-1890), The Papal Hierarchy: An Exposure of the Tactics of Rome for the Overthrow of the Liberty and Christianity of Great Britain.
See: Wylie, J.A. (1808-1890), The History of Protestantism (1902), vol. 1 of 3.
http://archive.org/details/historyofprotes01wyli

See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, Galatians, Christian liberty, Will and recalcitrance, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, The Westminster Standards and family of documents, Ethics, The covenanted reformation, Toleration and liberty of conscience, Slavery, our systems of enslavement, economic enslavement, Conspiracy and corruption, Sexual relationship, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, The scottish covenanting struggle, alexander craighead, and the mecklenburg declaration, The Christian foundation of America, Sexual relationship, Freedom: a gift of the grace of god, The covenanted reformation of scotland short title listing, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Pseudo-christian movements: a selection of works, Conspiracy and corruption, Secret societies, ungodly alliances, voluntary alliances, and so forth, and so on.
TCRB5: 2134-2136, 2531, 4056

Related WebLinks

The Scottish Covenanting Struggle, Alexander Craighead, and the Mecklenburg Declaration
http://www.lettermen2.com/craig.html

Toleration: The Cut-throat of True Religion
http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualNLs/ToleratT.htm

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom
http://www.uscirf.gov/

Apologetics #12: The Impact of Darwin and Social Darwinism #1
Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Apologetics, 57 min.
http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=3105182414

The Battle Continues: The Establishment of Liberty Through God's Law, Norman Patterson
"This 'higher' law was not the collective wisdom of human ingenuity. It was based upon the belief God revealed His perfect law in the Bible. This law was articulated succinctly in the Ten Commandments. No one, not even a king, had the right to claim divinity, blaspheme, lie, steal, fornicate, and bear false witness, etcetera. Biblical law annuls the divine right of kings. There is only One King and He has only one law. The most God allows government to do is punish evildoers who insist on violating His law. (Romans 13:1-4). These violations include trampling upon the life, liberty and property of others. As government secures the God-given rights of individuals, the whole of society prospers. When government sees themselves as the sovereign and the people as their property, society deteriorates. Conversely, when people put divine-like faith in government to create law to solve all their problems, they make government a god and thereby become idolatrous. Either way liberty is destroyed."
http://www.lewrockwell.com/orig4/patterson-norman9.html



Political and Economic Freedom

See the Theological Notes, "The Law of God," at Exodus 20:1 in The Reformation Study Bible.

So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God. (Romans 14:12)
http://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/gills-exposition-of-the-bible/romans-14-12.html
http://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/matthew-henry-complete/romans/14.html

It is quite evident that in all of this Calvin was setting forth a view of free enterprise which is strictly Biblical. Free enterprise is that means adapted for man by which he fulfills the conditions of his stewardship. Enterprise that is truly free is constantly governed by the law of God. -- C. Gregg Singer, "Calvinism and Economic Thought and Practice" in John Calvin: His Roots and Fruits, p. 46

The Biblical doctrine of sin forbids the optimistic conclusion of Adam Smith [THE WEALTH OF NATIONS -- compiler], and the laissez faire school of economic thought. -- C. Gregg Singer, "Calvinism and Economic Thought and Practice" in John Calvin: His Roots and Fruits, p. 46

Planned economies do not work, because they fail to take into account man's sinfulness. -- Reader's Comment on The Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith

Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men, even when they exercise influence and not authority: still more when you superadd the tendency or the certainty of corruption by authority. -- John Emerich Edward Dalberg, Lord Acton (1834-1902), in a letter to Mandell Creighton, April 5, 1887, quoted by Gertrude Himmelfarb in Acton, Essays on Freedom and Power, pp. 335-36 (1972)

The roots of liberty and limited government are in the Protestant Reformation. We believe the key to the maintenance of liberty and limited government is to be found in the Scottish covenanting struggle. -- James A. Dodson

Having learnt from the Holy Scriptures that wise, brave, and virtuous men were always friends to liberty -- that God gave the Israelites a king in His anger, because they had not the sense and virtue enough to like a free commonwealth [1 Samuel 8:4-22] -- and where the Spirit of the Lord is there is liberty [2 Corinthians 3:17] -- this made me conclude that freedom was a great blessing. -- Jonathan Mayhew, from his autobiography

Man will ultimately be governed by God or by tyrants. . . . Those who are willing to trade their essential liberties for a little temporary safety, deserve neither safety nor liberty. -- Benjamin Franklin

The Corporate worldview we are operating under today remains rooted in the Feudal Age, a system in which a few wealthy noblemen lived in luxury at the expense of the masses. The capital of corporations is distributed by an accounting system that was constituted to serve the wishes of an aristocracy of wealth under a 16th century monarchy. The principles of accounting have remained essentially unchanged since that Feudal Age, 600 years ago. (Shlapentokh, Martinez)

Paul does not regard government as provider of income, health care, education, national parks, money, or any of the other services common to our modern welfare states; its function is quite simple: to punish wrongdoers. -- John W. Robbins

Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death! -- Patrick Henry

Politics is a compromise to the authority of unholy spirits who know their lives will not go according to their destructive and self-destructive desires should they be subject to the authority of the Mediatorial Reign of Christ.

One Nation, under God, with liberty and justice for all.

Without justice there can be no liberty.

When justice is taken away, what are kingdoms (regna) but a vast banditry (magna latocinia)? -- Augustine in City of God, IV. iv (MPL [Migne, J.P., Patrologiae cursus completus, series Latina], 41. 115; tr. NPNF [A Select Library of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, second series], II. 66).

Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty. "It is the common fate of the indolent to see their rights become a prey to the active. The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt." -- John Philpot Curran, Speech Upon the Right of Election, 1790. (Speeches. Dublin, 1808.)

If there is no final place for civil disobedience, then the government has been made autonomous, and as such, it has been put in the place of the Living God. -- Francis Schaeffer

*Acton, John E., (1834-1902), The Correspondence of Lord Acton and Richard Simpson, 3 volumes, ISBN: 9780521738132 052173813X 9780521083553 0521083559 0521083699 9780521083690 052108380X 9780521083805.

*Acton, John E. (1834-1902), Essays on Freedom and Power, ISBN: 0844600008.
Essays such as, "The History of Freedom in Christianity," "The Protestant Theory of Persecution," and so forth.
Includes bibliography.
The Acton Institute is now controlled by the Roman Catholic Institution.
"Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men, even when they exercise influence and not authority: still more when you superadd the tendency or the certainty of corruption by authority." -- John Emerich Edward Dalberg, Lord Acton (1834-1902), in a letter to Mandell Creighton, April 5, 1887, quoted by Gertrude Himmelfarb in Acton, Essays on Freedom and Power, pp. 335-36 (1972)
The History of Freedom and Other Essays, John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton, John Neville Figgis, Reginald Vere Laurence
http://books.google.com/books?id=iOB6zeQ-rRwC&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

Acton, John E., (1834-1902), History of Freedom and Other Essays, ISBN: 0836901355 9780548101537 0548101531.
"Perhaps better known for the famous quote of how 'power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely.' This work by Lord Acton is an excellent example of Europe's finest late 19th century political/historical intellectual. Acton's assertions are often dated due to the age within which he lived, but his perceptive views are worth investigating. Unfortunately Acton never wrote a single full volume of history. All that we have from Acton are compilations of his lectures, essays, and smaller works. The above such title being an example. The most interesting essay for American readers is Acton's essay on the American Revolution. A well read novice will be able to understand Acton's thesis, though his language can be somewhat difficult at times. The most fascinating aspect of this essay is Acton's assertion that America will degenerate into a 'barbarous' nation unless America's black population is segregated to another country. Acton did not live long enough to see America's burgeoning civil rights movements, and was obliged to see America from the standpoint of post-Reconstruction America. The only reason I graded this work short of '10' is due to the language. Besides being fluent in five languages, Acton was an awe inspiring intellectual, and sometimes his prose reflects his intellectualism, thereby sacrificing some readability." -- John R. Grace

*Acton, John E., (1834-1902), Lectures on the French Revolution.

Adler, Mortimer, and Max Weismann, How to Think About the Great Ideas: From The Great Books of Western Civilization, ISBN: 0812694120 9780812694123.
Mortimer Adler concluded that more problems are caused by the denial of God than by anything else -- it changes the whole tenure of life. A compendium index is available for the series.

Armey, Dick, The Freedom Revolution, ISBN: 0895264692 9780895264695.
"The new Republican House Majority Leader tells why big government failed, why freedom works, and how we will rebuild America."

*Bastiat, Frederic (1801-1850), The Law. A Christian classic. Considered to be among the ten greatest books in the English language.
"Full of truths that are not merely relevant, but are absolutely vital to our future." -- Dick Armey
"If ever there was a concise and powerful argument for defending Liberty and the Law against every social engineer, this has to be it (only 75 pages!). Bastiat is a master of words and the analogy. Every lover of freedom who wishes to get a nutshell understanding of why Liberty and Law matters ought to read this book. . . ." -- Reader's Comment
The Law, by Frederic Bastiat (Part 1 of 10)
"The law perverted! And the police powers of the state perverted along with it! The law, I say, not only turned from its proper purpose but made to follow an entirely contrary purpose! The law become the weapon of every kind of greed! Instead of checking crime, the law itself guilty of the evils it is supposed to punish! " -- Frederic Bastiat, from the Introduction
The Law, Frederic Bastiat
http://archive.org/details/law00fredguat

Beard, Charles Austin (1874-1948), Forrest McDonald (introduction), An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States, ISBN: 0029024803.
"In this classic and controversial interpretation of the economic conditions of the United States between 1783-1787, Beard proposes the thesis that the Framers were motivated by economic concerns. In his landmark work, THE GROWTH OF AMERICAN LAW, Hurst describes AN ECONOMIC INTERPRETATION . . . as 'one of "the basic works" on the Federal Convention of 1787.' (Hurst, The Growth of American Law: 458). Beard [1874-1948], was a founder of The New School for Social Research." -- Publisher

Bethell, Tom, Noblest Triumph: Property and Prosperity Through the Ages, ISBN: 0312223374 9780312223373.
"The phenomenal success of Western civilization and the remarkable economic expansion fueled by modern capitalism, says Tom Bethell, depend chiefly [see "Christ's Influence on Western Civilization," "The Ten Commandments," Robbins, Christ and Civilization, Smith's The Wealth of Nations, and so forth -- compiler], on the institution of private property and the development of secure property rights, yet this simple, striking idea is misunderstood by elite opinion leaders in the United States and around the world. Bethell, a reporter for the American Spectator, offers a history of property as an idea and a reality around the world. His sweeping narrative will appeal to fans of David Landes's THE WEALTH AND POVERTY OF NATIONS and Jared Diamond's GUNS, GERMS, AND STEEL. Yet, in many crucial respects, THE NOBLEST TRIUMPH (the title comes from British philosopher Jeremy Bentham's line that property laws represent 'the noblest triumph of humanity over itself'), is better than both, displaying a keener understanding of human nature and of how incentives shape behavior. In a chapter sure to inspire controversy, Bethell argues that the Irish potato famines of the 1840s were due primarily to Ireland's lack of stable property rights in the 19th century. Full of astute observations and written with real clarity, THE NOBLEST TRIUMPH makes a unique and welcome contribution to the debate over why some countries thrive while others languish." -- John J. Miller

Black, John, Divine and Human Rights, or, The Westminster Confession and the Constitution of the United States Tested by the Holy Scripture. Found in MISCELLANEOUS, VOL. 6.

Boetie [La Boetie], Etienne De (1530-1563), and Murray N. Rothbard, The Politics of Obedience: The Discourse of Voluntary Servitude, ISBN: 0914156101 9780914156109. Language: English.
"Properly pronounced not, as might be thought, La Bo-ay-see, but rather La Bwettie (with the hard 't')."
"THE DISCOURSE OF VOLUNTARY SERVITUDE has influenced some of the world's greatest social thinkers; from Leo Tolstoy to Mohandus Gandhi to Ayn Rand. Written in the 1550s, as something of an underground tract or pamphlet by a young French student and friend of essayist Michelle de Montaigne, this short work remains a timeless expose of the psychology and inherent corruption involved in social or political power. The work has been in and out of print in English (Some of its various titles over the years were SLAVES BY CHOICE, ANTI-DICTATOR, THE WILL TO BONDAGE, and THE POLITICS OF OBEDIENCE: THE DISCOURSE OF VOLUNTARY SERVITUDE). In North America it has been out of print for some time now, unfortunately. Since its original circulation in the early 1550s as 'de la servitude volontaire ou contr'un,' this short but powerful work seems to find its way back into print whenever the winds of social change began blowing toward tyranny." -- Reader's Comment

Bovard, James, Freedom in Chains: The Rise of the State and the Demise of the Citizen, ISBN: 0312229674 9780312229672.
"Bovard (LOST RIGHTS), throws more red meat to angry libertarians in this anti-government jeremiad. While he provides some frightening examples of how governments -- mostly the U.S. Federal -- do more harm than good, his passion leads him to some hyperbolic conclusions. There are many passages that will make readers -- not only welfare-state liberals but also moderate Democrats and Republicans -- wonder whether they live in the same country as Bovard. One of his biggest targets is the notion of state sovereignty: 'The doctrine of "sovereignty" often does nothing more than provide a respectable gloss for some people's lust to control other people's behaviors, or to seize the fruits of other people's labor.' That last clause is telling, for it could just as well be turned against Bovard. It is precisely to stop nongovernmental entities (e.g., factory owners), from seizing the fruit of other people's labor (e.g., factory workers), that so many of the regulations and laws Bovard decries (e.g., a minimum wage or corporate taxes), were instituted. But Bovard is well-read and makes entertaining use of Rousseau, Hegel, Hobbes (he's very fond of Leviathan), and other thinkers. He's also consistent and intellectually honest enough to follow his own ideology to its logical conclusion about, for instance, marijuana (legalize it, he says). Few readers will agree with Bovard that the dominant spirit in America today is one that idolizes the state, but most will find that he makes a rousing theoretical case against statism." -- Publishers Weekly

*Brown, E. Richard, Rockefeller Medicine Men: Medicine and Capitalism in America, ISBN: 0520038177 9780520038172.
This book is as relevant today (2015) as it was in 1979. The players are still the same: foundations, corporations, and government. If anything the political-economic process of healthcare reform is even more complex today.
"This book explains how controlled the medicine industry is, how it became that way, and why America has the highest costs in the world for less than adequate medical care." -- Reader's Comment
"Historical epidemiological evidence overwhelmingly supports the conclusion that medical science has played a relatively small role in reducing morbidity and mortality." (p. 219)
"Medical science rescued the medical profession, in particular the practitioners, from the widespread lack of confidence in their effectiveness." (p. 77)
Capitalists and corporate managers "embraced scientific medicine as an ideological weapon in their struggle to formulate a new culture appropriate to and supportive of industrial capitalism." (p. 10)
"For members of the corporate class, technological medicine has legitimized their economic and political dominance by diverting attention from the consequences of their control -- that is, from such 'social costs' as class inequalities, domination based on race or sex, occupational hazards, and environmental degradation. For the medical profession, the knowledge generated by medical science and the techniques of medical technology provided the basis for physicians' claims to a monopoly of authority over the practice of medicine." (p. 239)
"As medical science won public and professional credibility, it also solved the second and fundamentally more serious problem facing the profession in the nineteenth century: competition. . . . The overall impact of scientific medicine within the profession was to legitimize control by elite practitioners and medical school faculty." (p. 80)
"Health care could be more effective in improving health if its research and action were directed at environmental conditions in about the same proportion that those conditions contribute to sickness and death." (p. 240)
"If you have read and 'got' anything by Noam Chomsky, or Howard Zinn, you will 'get' this book.
"After being award an MBA from Stanford (hence, I can confidently say I very well understand the 'business' of medicine), and practicing medicine for 20 years in both the public and private sector, I have come to the conclusion that Mr. Brown's thesis is on the money. -- Reader's Comment

*Brutus, Junius (attributed to Philippe Duplessis-Mornay [1549-1623] and sometimes to Hubert Languet [1518-1581]), A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants, ISBN: 0921148453. Alternate title: VINDICIAE, CONTRA TYRANNOS: OR, CONCERNING THE LEGITIMATE POWER OF A PRINCE OVER THE PEOPLE, AND OF THE PEOPLE OVER A PRINCE, Hubert Languet (author) [also attributed to Stephanus Junius Brutus a pseudonym for Philippe Duplessis-Mornay], George Garnett (editor), ISBN: 0521342090 9780521342094. This [ISBN: 0921148453] is a reprint of a 1689 edition of this work, which was originally written in 1579. A Christian classic. Available [ISBN: 0921148453] on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available [ISBN: 0921148453] on Reformation Bookshelf CD #26.
"Piety commands that the law and church of God be maintained. Justice requires that tyrants and destroyers of the commonwealth be compelled to reason. Charity challenges the right of relieving and restoring the oppressed. Those who make no account of these things do as much as in them lies to drive piety, justice, and charity out of this world, that they may never more be heard of." -- Junius Brutus
"John Adams held this book to be one of the most influential books in America on the eve of the Revolution. This 'defense' manual will help equip you for the battle." -- Publisher
"This book was even more influential than Thomas Payne's COMMON SENSE, in molding the American mind and preparing it for the war for independence. Much of our Declaration of Independence reflects its wisdom and thought. Written by a French Huguenot to give Biblical and civil justification for fighting against a government that was illegally killing it own people during the religious wars on France between the 1540s and late 1700. A must reading for those who want to understand religious and political history of Europe, or want to better understand the Biblical justification sought by our own founding fathers in their fight for independence. A must read!" -- Reader's Comment
Vidiciae Contra Tyrannos: A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants, by Junius Brutus, attributed to Philippe Duplessis-Mornay [1549-1623]
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae.htm
The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

*Bunyan, John (1628-1688), and Robert Philip (1791-1858), The Greatness of the Soul: and The Unspeakableness of the Loss Thereof; No way to Heaven but by Jesus Christ; The Strait Gate. Alternate title: THE GREATNESS OF THE SOUL, AND UNSPEAKABLENESS OF THE LOSS THEREOF: WITH THE CAUSES OF THE LOSING IT: FIRST PREACHED AT PINNERS HALL, AND NOW ENLARGED, AND PUBLISHED FOR GOOD. A Christian classic. Considered to be among the ten greatest books in the English language. Available (THE WORKS OF JOHN BUNYAN), on the Puritan Hard Drive.
"In the 1660s, Charles II, King of England, asked John Owen (1616-1683), why he went to hear the preaching of an uneducated tinker. [John Bunyan -- compiler]. Looking the King in the eye, Owen answered, 'May it please your Majesty, could I possess the tinker's ability for preaching, I would willingly relinquish all my learning'." -- Andrew Thomson, John Owen, Prince of Puritans
Owen would not have been surprised to learn that Bunyan's most influential work, PILGRIM'S PROGRESS, would be translated into more languages over the next 400 years than any book except the Bible.
The Greatness of the Soul: and The Unspeakableness of the Loss Thereof; No way to Heaven but by Jesus Christ; The Strait Gate
http://archive.org/details/greatnessofsoulu00bunyuoft
Pilgrim's Page: A John Bunyan Archive
This is the complete set of THE WORKS OF JOHN BUNYAN, George Offor edition, the edition reprinted by The Banner of Truth. It is free online, and is downloadable in the following formats: HTML, RTF, TEXT, and PDF.
http://www.mountzion.org/bunyan.html

Calvin, Jean, (1509-1564), and John H. Leith, The Christian Life, ISBN: 0060612983 9780060612986.

Clark, William Roberts, Capitalism, not Globalism: Capital Mobility, Central Bank Independence, and the Political Control of the Economy, ISBN: 0472112937 9780472112937.

*Cole, Franklin P., (introductory essay and biographical sketches), They Preached Liberty, ISBN: 0913966169 9780913966167.
"An anthology of timely quotations from New England ministers of the American Revolution on the subject of liberty: its source, nature, obligations, types, and blessings." -- Publisher

Coral Ridge Ministries, Taking Liberties: The Betrayal of Our Heritage (Fort Lauderdale, FL: Coral Ridge Ministries).
A one-hour television special available in the form of a transcript, audio cassette [audio file], video cassette, or CD.
"Perhaps there is no other concept more important than liberty in understanding America."
A brilliant presentation of the concepts of liberty by a wide range of authorities.

Corey, Lewis, The Decline of American Capitalism, ISBN: 0405041160 9780405041167.
Includes bibliography.

Cragg, Gerald R., Freedom and Authority: A study of English Thought in the Early Seventeenth Century, ISBN: 0664207383 9780664207380.
Very extensive bibliography of 17th century authors.

Cullen, Edgar M., The Decline of Personal Liberty in America.

Cunningham, William, (1805-1861), John Calvin. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #17.
"As Cunningham states, 'John Calvin was by far the greatest of the Reformers with respect to the talents he possessed, the influence he exerted, and the services he rendered in the establishment and diffusion of important truth.' Here we have a succinct account of Calvin's works and the leading principles that he maintained. Calvin is without a doubt one of the great men in all of human history, and as he often pointed out, he owed everything to the Lord Jesus Christ -- all his talents, all his influence, his very salvation, etc. -- for that is the nature of 'Calvinism,' giving God all the glory!" -- Publisher

*Davies, Alfred M., Foundation of American Freedom.
"Traces the history of democracy and the American Constitution to the foundation for liberty and freedom that Calvin laid in his writings, and discourses on secular ideals and history. Forcibly reminds readers that America's concept of government rests ultimately on the authority of the Scriptures." -- Cyril J. Barber

DeJong, Norman, Christianity and Democracy.
"He will convince you that democracy is foreign to, and is the enemy of Christianity. And in that you will see why the Christians are again facing the lion's den, being overwhelmed by the democratic society that does not consent to their rule, or even to their peaceful existence." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
De Jong, Norman, Christianity vs. Democracy (Westminster Media), An audio file.

Dima, Nicholas, Journey to Freedom, ISBN: 0944273041 9780944273043.
"This book is Dima's autobiographical description of the effects of communism on a nation, a family, and an individual. His description will haunt you. Communism loses any pretension of benevolence when you see the child hungry and hear his mother crying. The grandfatherly veil drops when you look in the prisons and labor camps and see the life of the people beaten, starved, and murdered. . . . We highly recommend this book. It is beautifully written. Like the Holocaust, it teaches lessons we must never forget." -- Susan Alder

*Domhoff, G. William, Who Rules America? Power and Politics, ISBN: 0767416376 9780767416375.
"Professor Domhoff poses (and answers), these questions:

  • Is there a wealthy class in America? If so, do they connect in any empirical way with huge corporations, financial institutions, and large agribusinesses?
  • How can a highly competitive group of corporate leaders cooperate enough to work their common will in the political and policy arenas?
  • How is it possible for these groups to exert so much influence in a supposedly free and democratic society?
    "The answers to these questions are not secret, but neither are they everyday news. With the aid of sociological and empirical studies, Domhoff describes the extensive interlocking relationships between the very wealthy class, huge corporations, trade organizations, policy planning organizations, think tanks, and the many ways they influence (and even merge with), our government. After reading this book, one might wonder if the welfare of the common people is ever taken into account in government decisions. And that is the point. Indeed, Domhoff clearly demonstrates that most policy battles in government, though cloaked in rhetoric about the general welfare, are actually fights among different moneyed and powerful interests when their usual interrelationships and consensus building organizations (above) are unable to produce a united front.
    "For a focus on how corporate power has gained control in diverse policy areas in Congress, see recently published (5/1/06), HOSTILE TAKEOVER: HOW BIG MONEY AND CORRUPTION CONQUERED OUR GOVERNMENT -- AND HOW WE TAKE IT BACK by David Sirota. With unusual clarity, Sirota's book also lays bare the myths and lies that corporations and bought-off politicians use to mask the self-serving nature of policies and to promote public acquiescence. Another excellent book, CAPTIVE STATE: THE CORPORATE TAKEOVER OF BRITAIN by George Monbiot, underscores the worldwide nature of this problem.
    "This book also has an informative website at www.whorulesamerica.net." -- Reader's Comment
    Who Rules America? book website
    http://www.whorulesamerica.net

    Ellul, Jacques (1912-1994), The Subversion of Christianity, ISBN: 0802800491 9780802800497.
    "What we today call Christianity, says Ellul, is actually far removed from the revelation of God. The church has perverted and reinterpreted Scripture over the years in order to mitigate the scandal of the Gospel. Yet Ellul remains hopeful, for the Holy Spirit continues to move in the world." -- Publisher

    Ferguson, Niall, The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World, ISBN: 1594201927 9781594201929.
    "Niall Ferguson follows the money to tell the human story behind the evolution of finance, from its origins in ancient Mesopotamia to the latest upheavals. To Christians, love of it is the root of all evil. To generals, it's the sinews of war. To revolutionaries, it's the chains of labor. But historian Ferguson shows that finance is in fact the foundation of human progress. What's more, he reveals financial history as the essential backstory behind all history. Through Ferguson's expert lens, for example, the civilization of the Renaissance looks very different: a boom in the market for art and architecture made possible when Italian bankers adopted Arabic mathematics. The rise of the Dutch republic is reinterpreted as the triumph of the world's first modern bond market over insolvent Habsburg absolutism. Yet the central lesson of financial history is that, sooner or later, every bubble bursts." -- Publisher
    Ferguson, Niall, The Ascent of Money Boom and Bust (PBS Home Video), ISBN: 0793670519 9780793670512.
    "Bestselling author, economist and historian Niall Ferguson takes a look at how money evolved, from the concept of credit and debt in the Renaissance to the emergence of a global economy and the subprime crisis we face today." -- Publisher

    *Fertig, Lawrence, Prosperity Through Freedom.

    Forbes, Steve, A New Birth of Freedom: Vision for America, ISBN: 0895263203 9780895263209.
    "America today has the potential for the greatest economic boom and spiritual renewal in our history. Presidential candidate and publishing magnate Steve Forbes shows how we can once again brighten economic prospects for everyone, reform our corrupt political institutions, and restore the severely weakened moral foundations of our country." -- Publisher

    *Frankland, Mark, and Ivan R. Dee, The Patriots' Revolution: How Eastern Europe Toppled Communism and won its Freedom, ISBN: 0929587804 9780929587806.
    "The reasons for Eastern Europe's rejection of communism are complex and prismatic according to Mark Frankland, an award-winning journalist who's covered the politics and passions of the Warsaw Pact nations for the London Observer for 20 years. Nationalism, guilt, fear, mistrust, and the intolerance of political hypocrisy have all been mixed into a stew that finally bubbled over into demands for democracy and freedom. . . ." -- Gerald Wisz

    *Griffin, G. Edward, The Creature From Jekyll Island: A Second Look at the Federal Reserve, ISBN: 0912986212 9780912986210.
    "This is a story about limitless money and hidden global power. The good news is that it is as fascinating as any work of fiction could be, and this, I trust, will add both pleasure and excitement to the learning process. The bad news is that every detail of what follows is true." -- G. Edward Griffin
    The CREATURE makes the fundamental political issues surrounding the Federal Reserve understandable to the American people -- hard-working citizens like you and me -- who are its victims." -- The New American
    "This book is about the most blatant scam of all history. It's all here: the cause of wars, boom-bust cycles, inflation, depression, prosperity. . . ." -- Publisher

    Grigg, William Norman, Freedom on the Altar: the U.N.'s Crusade Against God and Family, ISBN: 0964567903 9780964567900.

    *Hammon, T.C., Perfect Freedom: An Introduction to Christian Ethics

    *Kelly, Douglas F., The Emergence of Liberty in the Modern World: The Influence of Calvin on Five Governments From the 16th Through 18th Centuries, ISBN: 0875522971.
    "Examines Calvin's influence on the civil governments of Geneva, Huguenot France, Knox's Scotland, Puritan England, and Colonial America. Shows how Calvin's legacy continues to bear upon the issues that guide and agitate Western nations today." -- Publisher

    *Knox, John (1505-1572), David Laing (editor), The Works of John Knox, 6 volumes. A Christian classic. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1.
    Knox, John (1505-1572), The Works of John Knox (1846), vol. 1 of 6.
    http://archive.org/details/worksofjohnkn01knox
    "Here is a chance to touch the flame that ignited whole nations for covenanted Reformation. John Knox is considered by many to have been the most biblically consistent and thoroughgoing of all the great Reformers of the sixteenth century. 'John Knox was in fact the embodiment of the Scottish Reformation as its preacher, theologian, liturgist, historian, and catalyst for reform.' (Hall and Hall [editors], Paradigms in Polity: Classic Readings in Reformed and Presbyterian Church Government [Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1994], p. 219). 'With this concern for purity of worship,' notes Kevin Reed regarding Knox, 'it is no wonder that the Scottish Reformation was the most thorough among any of the Protestant nations.' (from the introduction to John Knox, True and False Worship: A Vindication of the Doctrine that the Sacrifice of the Mass is Idolatry [Dallas, TX: Presbyterian Heritage Publications, 1550 reprinted 1994], p. 14). 'I know not,' states George Smeaton, 'if ever so much piety and genius were lodged in such a frail and weak body. Certain I am, that it will be difficult to find one in whom the gifts of the Holy Spirit shone so bright to the comfort of the church.' (cited in Thomas M'Crie, The Life of John Knox [1831], p. 272). THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX listed here is the complete six volume set collected by David Laing, 1895. Concerning this 6 volume collection, Kyle, in THE MIND OF JOHN KNOX (p. 14), notes, 'The only real basis for a study of Knox's thought must be the writings of the reformer himself. From 1846 to 1864, David Laing collected and edited nearly all of Knox's extant writings. This remarkable collection, which scholars regard highly, is indispensable for any serious study of John Knox.' Contains much that is related to worship questions and the blessings that God pours out upon Churches that keep the second commandment -- as well as the curses that follow those who reject the regulative principle of worship." -- Publisher

  • Knox, John, Unedited History of the Reformation in Scotland Vol. 1 of 6.
    "Reid, in his TRUMPETER OF GOD, notes that Knox 'wrote history as a prophet' and that, wherever he could, he used original sources, many of which he reproduced. Furthermore, he proclaims that this 'is still a work that no one interested in this area can afford to neglect.' As W.C. Dickinson has commented, 'it is his monument, for in it he puts flesh and blood on the whole Reformation movement.' Innes (JOHN KNOX, p. 45), says of this work, 'the author who has enabled us to see his own confused and changing age under 'the broad clear light of that wonderful book' the History of the Reformation in Scotland, and who outside that book was the utterer of many an armed and winged word which pursues and smites us to this day, must have been born with nothing less than genius -- genius to observe, to narrate, and to judge. Even had he written as a mere recluse and critic, looking out upon his world from a monk's cell or from the corner of a housetop, the vividness, the tenderness, the sarcasm and the humour would still have been there.' Moreover, Burton writes, 'there certainly is in the English language no other parallel to it in clearness, vigour, and picturesqueness with which it renders the history of a stirring period.' (cited in Innes, John Knox, p. 45). This photocopy edition far surpasses the edited down version that is available in paperback. Over 600 pages of stirring Reformation history." -- Publisher
  • Knox, John, Unedited History of the Reformation in Scotland Vol. 2 of 6.
    "Knox portrayed the origins and development of a movement and not a mere chronology of events . . . Knox based his arguments on original sources and he often cited the documents in full. When Knox's History is compared to the contemporary vernacular narratives of Bishop Leslie and Sir James Melville, the superiority of Knox's work becomes evident. For the most part, these writers were preoccupied with petty details and had no conception of the momentous issues that hung on the events they recorded . . . Knox used history to demonstrate his single-track philosophy. And his philosophy said: 'The hearts of men, their thoughts, and their actions are but in the hands of God.' Lee said Knox's History was a sermon without an audience, a preaching book, one long inflammatory speech in behalf of God's truth as the reformer saw it.' (Kyle, The Mind of John Knox, p. 13). Our editions of volumes one and two of Knox's Works contain the only full, unedited version of Knox's massive History of the Reformation in Scotland available today." -- Publisher
  • Knox, John, Epistles, Admonitions, etc., Vol. 3 of 6
    "Includes 'That the Sacrifice of the Mass is Idolatry.' Also, writings on justification by faith, prayer, the Lord's supper, obedience to magistrates, an exposition of the sixth Psalm, letters of warning, comfort and more." -- Publisher
  • Knox, John, The Works of John Knox, Vol. 4 of 6
    "Includes 'The Appellation . . . to the Scottish Nobility,' 'The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women,' Answers Concerning Baptism, Form of Prayers/Sacraments in Geneva 1556, 'Letter to the Queen,' 'Summary of the Proposed Second Blast of the Trumpet,' and much more." -- Publisher
  • Knox, John, The Works of John Knox, Vol. 5 of 6
    "Includes 'On Predestination, in Answer to the Cavillations by an Anabaptist' (462 pp.), which Boettner, in his REFORMED DOCTRINE OF PREDESTINATION, calls Knox's 'chief theological work.' Also, A Letter to John Foxe, Names of Martyrs, etc. . . .
    "Includes the Life of Knox, Letters relating to Reformation in Scotland, The Book of Common Order, a debate concerning the Mass, Fasting, 'The Order of Excommunication and Public Repentance,' indices of names, places and the general index, etc. 755 pages." -- Publisher
  • Knox, John, The Works of John Knox, Vol. 6 of 6
    "Includes 'The Life of Knox,' 'John Knox Debates God's Law, Idolatry and Civil Resistance in the General Assembly of 1564,' 'The Scottish Confession of Faith (1560),' 'John Knox's Only Written Sermon - A Sermon on Isaiah 23:13-21, Preached in St. Giles's Church, Edinburgh, 19th August 1565,' 'A Letter of Wholesome Counsel Addressed to His Brethren in Scotland Or "What to do When There is no Faithful Church to Attend in Your Local Area" originally published in 1556,' 'Select Practical Writings of John Knox,' 'Against Romish Rites and Political and Ecclesiastical Tyranny, A Faithful Admonition to the Professors of God's Truth in England (1554),' 'An Admonition to Flee Idolatry, Romanism and all False Worship (1554),' 'An Answer to a Jesuit: The Marks of a True Church and Ministry: An Answer to a Letter Written by James Tyrie, A Scottish Jesuit, 1572,' 'Against an Anabaptist: In Defense of Predestination,' 'Against Apostasy and Indifference (An Epistle to the Inhabitants of New Castle and Berwick, 1558),' 'On Justification by Faith Alone,' 'National Repentance and Reformation (A Brief Exhortation to England for the Speedy Embracing of the Gospel, 1559),' 'Reformation, Revolution and Romanism: An Appeal to the Scottish Nobility (1558),' 'The Pulpit of the Reformation: "The Last Judgment," by John Welch,' "The Parable of the Householders," and "The Parable of the Tares," by Hugh Latimer.' 'John Knox to the King,' 'The Execution of Servetus for Blasphemy, Heresy, Obstinate Anabaptism,' 'Defended (excerpted from his Treatise on Predestination),' 'A Debate Between John Knox and Secretary Lethington on the Duty of Christian Subjects to Execute Judgement Upon Criminal Magistrates,' 'The Execution of Servetus for Blasphemy, Heresy, Obstinate Anabaptism, Defended (excerpted from John Knox's Treatise on Predestination),' 'It Is I Be Not Afraid,' 'The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women (1558),' and 'Sermon on Isaiah 26.'(sic, all of volume 6)
  • *Kuyper, Abraham, Lectures on Calvinism, ISBN: 9781598564440 1598564447. Alternate title: CHRISTIANITY AS A LIFE-SYSTEM: THE WITNESS OF A WORLD VIEW.
    "A reprint of the Stone Lectures delivered at Princeton Theological Seminary in 1898 focusing attention on the fundamental problem facing Christianity in Europe and America: the secularization of church and society."

    La Boetie, Etienne De (1530-1563), and Murray N. Rothbard, The Politics of Obedience: The Discourse of Voluntary Servitude, ISBN: 0914156101 9780914156109. Language: English.
    "Properly pronounced not, as might be thought, La Bo-ay-see, but rather La Bwettie (with the hard 't')."
    "THE DISCOURSE OF VOLUNTARY SERVITUDE has influenced some of the world's greatest social thinkers; from Leo Tolstoy to Mohandus Gandhi to Ayn Rand. Written in the 1550s, as something of an underground tract or pamphlet by a young French student and friend of essayist Michelle de Montaigne, this short work remains a timeless expose of the psychology and inherent corruption involved in social or political power. The work has been in and out of print in English (Some of its various titles over the years were SLAVES BY CHOICE, ANTI-DICTATOR, THE WILL TO BONDAGE, and THE POLITICS OF OBEDIENCE: THE DISCOURSE OF VOLUNTARY SERVITUDE). In North America it has been out of print for some time now, unfortunately. Since its original circulation in the early 1550s as 'de la servitude volontaire ou contr'un,' this short but powerful work seems to find its way back into print whenever the winds of social change began blowing toward tyranny." -- Reader's Comment

    Larson, John Lauritz, The Market Revolution in America: Liberty, Ambition, and the Eclipse of the Common Good, ISBN: 9780521883658 0521883652 9780521709897 052170989X.

    *Leith, John H., John Calvin's Doctrine of the Christian Life, ISBN: 0664213308 9780664213305.
    "This work provides a thorough analysis of Calvinist doctrine, defining Christian life in relation to four aspect of Calvinist thought: justification by faith, providence and predestination, history and the transhistorical, and church and society. The relationship between God and man is seen as the most central." -- GCB

    Marshall, John Lewis, Natural Law and the Covenant: The Place of Natural Law in the Covenantal Framework of Samuel Rutherford's "Lex, Rex."
    A dissertation. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Theological Seminary, 1995.

    McDonald, Forrest, Novus Ordo Seclorum: The Intellectual Origins of the Constitution, ISBN: 0700603115 9780700603114.
    "McDonald does a great job here unwinding the ideas and institutions developed by the founding generation to produce our system of dual sovereignty. He retains a reverence for what our founders accomplished, and constrains himself to an explanation of what happened to bring into operation our 'New Order' which now looks quite old.
    "McDonald is critical of the Charles Beard brand of economic reductionism, and has no patience for the relentless deconstruction of the constitutionalist era by modern historians who insist on showing us that they, rather than these founders, are actually superior moral beings with better insights, as well as more slavish devotion to the current strains of academic obsessions.
    "This should be on the list of the 10 best books to understand the American system of government." -- Reader's Comment
    "Forrest McDonald, widely considered one of the foremost historians of the Constitution and of the early national period, reconstructs the intellectual world of the Founding Fathers -- including their understanding of law, history political philosophy, and political economy, and their firsthand experience in public affairs -- and then analyzes their behavior in the Constitutional Convention of 1787 in light of that world. No one has attempted to do so on such a scale before. McDonald's principal conclusion is that, though the Framers brought a variety of ideological and philosophical positions to bear upon their task of building a 'new order of the ages,' they were guided primarily by their own experience, their wisdom, and their common sense." -- Publisher

    McDonald, Forrest, and Russell Kirk, We the People: The Economic Origins of the Constitution, ISBN: 1560005742 9781560005742.
    "Few vices are easier to arouse than envy. Politicians and ideologues have had great success exploiting the resentment that arises when pitting rich against the poor.
    "From the time of its publication in 1913 until the 1960s, Charles Beard's thesis dominated discussion of the founders' motives. In the mode of the Marxist interpretation of history as class struggle, Beard argued that economic self-interest, rather than concern for the general good, determined the writing and outcome of the Constitution.
    "Interestingly, Beard asserted his system of alignment without actually proving it, admitting that his work was fragmentary because it failed to fill in the blanks. The real legwork of research wasn't done until over fifty years later, when historian Forrest McDonald put Beard's thesis to the test. McDonald dug through numerous public records to write economic biographies of the delegates (the 55 who attended the Constitutional Convention and the 1,750 members at the state conventions), analyzing their occupations, income, and assets. By comparing these to how the delegates voted, he found that Beard's thesis was incompatible with the facts.
    "In We the People McDonald analyzed the geographical and political factions represented by delegates, their property holdings and occupations, their voting patterns, if any, and whether they benefited directly from the proposed Constitution. For the state conventions he divided chapters into states favorable, divided, and opposed to the Constitution. At the end he re-evaluated Beard's thesis and discussed whether any economic interpretation could be applied to our founding given the complexity and variety of occupations and opinions that existed.
    "The result was a remarkable, though at times necessarily tedious, bit of historical detective work. Very likely it came as a great relief to many Americans to learn that the founders had something other than their own economic gain at heart. Probably few were surprised that the founders were a much more diverse group than Beard had realized.
    "We may find that independence difficult to believe today, when the forces of selfishness, materialism, and special interest seem so dominant, not merely among political and business leaders but among the general populace. Today propagandists still want to align people into absolutes, much like trial lawyers who portray their clients as angels and their opponents as devils. Our shallow political debates revolve around false dichotomies such as the Party of Business and the Party of the Common Man. But I imagine this adversarial, intellectually dishonest approach will continue to be used as an effective tool as long as there is envy to be harvested in the heart of man. -- Reader's Comment

    *McFetridge, N.S., Calvinism in History. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "A splendid book." -- Loraine Boettner
    "The rich Reformation heritage of truth and freedom is set forth in four chapters: 1. Calvinism as a Political Force, 2. Calvinism as a Political Force in the History of the USA, 3. Calvinism as a Moral Force, 4. Calvinism as an Evangelizing Force." -- Publisher
    "Arminianism, taking to an aristocratic form of church government, tend toward a monarchy in civil affairs, while Calvinism, taking to a republican form of church government, tends toward a democracy in civil affairs."

    McLeod, John Neil, (1806-1874), Protestantism, the Parent and Guardian of Civil and Religious Liberty. Found in MISCELLANEOUS, VOL. 6.

    Morecraft, Joe, III, With Liberty and Justice for All.
    "Joe Morecraft, III, was the pastor of the late Senator Larry McDonald, who was killed when the Russians shot down his plane. This is Christian politics made simple. A very readable book that will help you to think through the place of the government in our lives, namely, the government's authority and limitations. All this is done with many passages quoted from Scripture. There is a chapter on the life of Larry McDonald. . . ." -- Publisher
    "What are Christians to do when the civil government is evil? Must they always obey the authorities? What are the origins of civil government? Does the Bible authorize the government to execute criminals? Is abortion murder if it is legal? Shouldn't Christians stay out of politics? This book answers these questions and many more. Dr. Morecraft, pastor of Chalcedon Presbyterian Church of Atlanta, seeks Biblical answers to these questions. An instructive book for today." -- GCB

    *Morey, Robert, The New Atheism and the Erosion of Freedom, ISBN: 0875523625 9780875523620.
    "Exposes the godless suppression of religious freedom today and presents effective ways to convert atheists to Christ. In case you have not noticed atheism/secular humanism is gaining ground. Are you grounded in what these philosophies teach? Can you refute them? Dr. Morey will show you how." -- GCB
    The American Atheist Union has said this is the most dangerous book ever written about religion.
    Includes bibliography.

    *Mullins, Eustace Clarence, Secrets of the Federal Reserve: The London Connection, ISBN: 9992967595.
    "The greatest financial monopoly the world has ever known, is also responsible for worldwide moral decay, world wars, financial panics and revolutions." -- Eustace Mullins
    "As an attorney I was impressed with the documentation by the author of the history of the development of the Federal Reserve. My undergraduate degree 25 years ago was in economics and I had to read much further to truly understand how our monetary system was unnecessarily based upon debt. Debt is bondage and central banks as the heart of fractional reserve banking hold the key to control of the world. If you do not believe this look at the policies of the IMF and realize that economic imperialism through central banking essentially controls the world today. A great companion book to read is THE CREATURE FROM JEKYELL ISLAND which explains our monetary system in more depth, and the video "Capital Crimes" is an excellent four hour treatise on the history of central banking beginning with the money changers in the temple whom Christ confronted and ending with a brilliant plan to gradually increase bank reserves while issuing Constitutional 'money' such that banks become mere vaults and the Federal Reserve is put to rest." -- Reader's Comment

    *Owen, John (1616-1683), The Death of Christ, volume 10 of WORKS, ISBN: 0851510647 9780851510644. Alternate title: SALUS ELECTORUM, SANGUIS JESU: OR THE DEATH OF DEATH IN THE DEATH OF CHRIST. BEING A TREATISE OF THE REDEMPTION AND RECONCILIATION THAT IS IN THE BLOOD OF CHRIST; WHEREIN THE WHOLE CONTROVERSY ABOUT UNIVERSAL REDEMPTION IS FULLY DISCUSSED: IN FOUR PARTS; . . . BY JOHN OWEN, D.D. A Christian classic. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #20.
    "Greatest Biblical apologetic on the specific and limited nature of the atoning work of Christ in print. Contains discussions on Arminianism, the death of death in the death of Christ, Divine justice, and also discusses, in detail, many views of the atonement that certain men and groups held (and still hold)." -- Publisher
    "THE DEATH OF DEATH IN THE DEATH OF CHRIST is a polemical work, designed to show, among other things, that the doctrine of universal redemption is unscriptural and destructive of the gospel. . . . Those who see no need for doctrinal exactness and have no time for theological debates which show up divisions between so-called Evangelicals may well regret its reappearance. Some may find the very sound of Owen's thesis so shocking that they will refuse to read his book at all. . . . But . . . there are signs today of a new upsurge of interest in the theology of the Bible: a new readiness to test traditions, to search the Scriptures and to think through the faith. It is to those who share this readiness that Owen's treatise is now offered, in the belief that it will help us in one of the most urgent tasks facing evangelical Christendom today -- the recovery of the Gospel.
    "It is safe to say that no comparable exposition of the work of redemption as planned and executed by the Triune Jehovah has ever been done since Owen published his in 1684. None has been needed.
    "Owen's interpretation of the texts . . . is sure; his power of theological construction is superb; nothing that needs discussing is omitted, and . . . no arguments for or against his position have been used since his day which he has not himself noted and dealt with. . . . Owen's work is a constructive, broad-based biblical analysis of the heart of the gospel, and must be taken seriously as such. . . Nobody has a right to dismiss the doctrine of the limitedness . . . of the atonement as a monstrosity of Calvinistic logic until he has refuted Owen's proof that it is part of the uniform biblical presentation of redemption, clearly taught in plain text after plain text. And nobody has done that yet." -- J.I. Packer, from the Introduction
    "Packer's well balanced definition of Calvinism in the introduction to that volume [John Owen's THE DEATH OF DEATH IN THE DEATH OF CHRIST], is by far the best we have seen in 42 years of intensive reading." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    The Death of Death in the Death of Christ
    http://www.ccel.org/ccel/owen/deathofdeath
    Owen, John (1616-1683), The Death of Death in the Death of Christ: Being a Treatise of the Redemption and Reconciliation That is in the Blood of Christ; Wherein the whole controversy about universal redemption is fully discussed: In four parts (1792)
    http://archive.org/details/deathofdeathinde00owen
    The Death of Death in the Death of Christ, including J.I. Packer's Introduction by John Owen
    http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/packer_intro.html
    Owen, Redemption and Reconciliation That is in the Blood of Christ (Limited Atonement).
    An audio file reading by Still Waters Revival Books from THE WORKS OF JOHN OWEN. Currently (February 2009), there are 63 readings of John Owen by SWRB and Reformed Baptist of Holland (Michigan), (Thomas Sullivan), at SermonAudio available for listening online, downloading as MP3 files, and listening on iPhone or Mobile Phones.
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=47081639571

    *Parker, Thomas H.L., John Calvin: A Biography, ISBN: 0745912192 9780745912196.
    "A definitive account of Calvin's life and labors with special attention being paid to Calvin's doctrine, writing, and influence." -- Cyril J. Barber

    *Perks, Stephen C., The Christian Philosophy of Education Explained, ISBN: 0951889907 9780951889909.
    "The editor of Calvinism Today magazine has written a book which, in the words of Samuel L. Blumenfeld, demonstrates with simplicity the cogent argument that the Christian and humanist world views are mutually exclusive, and that it is 'treason against God' to put children in the hands of non-believers for their education. Every Christian parent should read this challenging, forthright, insightful book before deciding where and how to educate his or her children." -- GCB

    Peterson, Robert A., Calvin's Doctrine of the Atonement, ISBN: 0875523692 9780875523699.
    "Peterson is a professor at Biblical Theological Seminary, in Pennsylvania. . . . The task has not been tackled in print before in so adequate a manner, and this essay is something of a milestone. I commend it heartily . . ." -- J.I. Packer
    "To understand Calvin on the atonement is to understand the Reformed position on atonement." -- GCB

    *Pink, Arthur W., (1886-1952), The Doctrine of Salvation, ISBN: 0801069807.
    "A strongly Calvinistic exposition of the doctrine of soteriology, including in its treatment the practical aspects of growing in grace." -- Cyril J. Barber

    Pipes, Richard, Property and Freedom, ISBN: 0375704477 9780375704475.
    "While the bulk of the book compares England and Russia, showing how varying attitudes toward private property led these two nations in totally different directions, the final section examines the broad theme of property rights in the late 20th century -- a period when they have come under assault, and have been made increasingly conditional, by the growing strength of the welfare state. Pipes concludes with a broadside against New Deal and Great Society programs. Although liberal readers may bristle, none can deny that PROPERTY AND FREEDOM is the product of a great mind tackling a big theme with great enthusiasm." -- John J. Miller

    Plum, Harry Grant, (1868- ), Restoration Puritanism: A Study of the Growth of English Liberty, ISBN: 0804616442 9780804616447.

    Powell, James, The Triumph of Liberty: A 2,000 Year History Told Through the Lives of Freedom's Greatest Champions, ISBN: 068485967X 9780684859675.
    "This volume contains the stories of men and women who have overcome great obstacles to give freedom to the world. Through the lives of 65 people, these stories cover the struggle to abolish slavery, stop wars, and overthrow tyrants, as well as the fight for human rights, religious toleration, individualism, the liberation of women and other such freedoms. The entries are based on biographies, diaries and interviews with scholars to provide an instructive narrative." -- Publisher

    Reid, W. Stanford, (editor), John Calvin: His Influence in the Western World, ISBN: 0310447216 9780310447214.
    "This book, which is dedicated to Paul Woolley, covers over 400 pages. There are 16 different chapters. The contributor's include: Robert Knudsen, W. Stanford Reid, Richard Gamble, D. Clair Davis, Philip Hughes, R.T. Kendall, J.N.D. Douglas, George Marsden, C. Gregg Singer, John Bratt, and others." -- GCB

    *Richardson, Cyril Charles, Early Christian Fathers, ISBN: 0684829517.
    The Early Christian Fathers, 38 vols.
    http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/

    *Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Ecclesiastical Megalomania: The Economic and Political Thought of the Roman Catholic Church, ISBN: 0940931753 9780940931756.
    "This book is a detailed examination of the official statements of the Vatican on economic and political matters. It demonstrates the collectivism and totalitarianism of the Roman Catholic Church-State. It is the only such book written by a Christian in the twentieth century.
    "This book explores the conflict between Roman Catholic social thought and human freedom, relying on official pronouncements from the Vatican to show that the political and economic theory of the Roman Church-State justifies feudalism, corporativism, liberation theology, the welfare state, and fascism.
    "Dr. John W. Robbins attended Grove City College (A.B. 1969), and The Johns Hopkins University (M.A. 1970, Ph.D. 1973). He has served as chief of staff for a Member of Congress [Ron Paul of Texas], editor of The Freeman magazine, Economist for The Heritage Foundation, and Professor of Political Philosophy in The Freedom School." -- Publisher
    Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Knox, Samuel Rutherford, John Owen, Thomas Manton, The Westminster Assembly, James Renwick, Archibald Mason, Christopher Ness, Francis Turretin, The Reformed Presbytery, David Steel, James R. Willson, Alexander M'Leod, William L. Roberts, James Aiken Wylie, Andrew Wilet, Henry Wilkinson, James Wylie, Patrick Fairbairn, James Aiken, Andrew Wilet, Alexander Hislop, Francis Nigel Lee, Arthur W. Pink, and so forth, and so on, have all believed and argued in print that the seated Pope is the Antichrist of the Bible.
    The Roman Church-State is "the world's oldest, largest, most powerful and most influential politico-ecclesiastical institution" and it "may also be the world's wealthiest." The Roman Catholic Institution is the ultimate "negative guide to the positive," the reformers ultimate "opposite guide to political and economic reform."

    *Robbins, John (1949-2008), Freedom and Capitalism: Essays on Christian Politics and Economics, ISBN: 1891777157 9781891777158.
    "The relationship between Christianity, freedom, and capitalism has been a subject of scholarly study for centuries. In this volume, John Robbins argues that political and economic freedom are the results of Biblical Christianity. Political freedom and capitalism arose in Northwestern Europe and North America after the Christian Reformation of the 16th Century, and they are unique in world history. The nations and peoples that heard and accepted the Gospel of Jesus Christ as proclaimed by the Reformers quickly became free and prosperous on a scale previously unimaginable. Some historians and economists have denied any causal connection between Christianity, freedom, and capitalism, but they are able to deny this connection only by ignoring clear philosophical, economic, legal, sociological, and historical evidence demonstrating that Christianity is the source of capitalism.
    "Dr. John W. Robbins attended Grove City College (A.B. 1969), and The Johns Hopkins University (M.A. 1970, Ph.D. 1973). He has served as chief of staff for a Member of Congress, editor of The Freeman magazine, Economist for The Heritage Foundation, and Professor of Political Philosophy in The Freedom School." -- Publisher
    Table of Contents: Foreword | Politics | The Founder of Western Civilization | The Sine Qua Non of Enduring Freedom | Some Problems with Natural Law | The Political Philosophy of the Founding Fathers | The Bible and the Draft | The Messianic Character of American Foreign Policy | Truth and Foreign Policy | Compassionate Fascism | Conservatism: An Autopsy | Rightwing Radical Chic | The Reconstructionist Assault on Freedom | Roman Catholic Totalitarianism | The Relation of Church and State (Charles Hodge) | Abortion, the Christian, and the State | The Ethics and Economics of Health Care | The Chickens' Homecoming (John Whitehead) | The Coming Caesars (John Whitehead) | Rebuilding American Freedom in the Twenty-first Century | The Religious Wars of the Twenty-First Century
    Economics: The Failure of Secular Economics | The Promise of Christian Economics | Teaching Economics from the Bible | The Neo-Evangelical Assault on Capitalism | The Reformed Assault on Capitalism | The Roman Catholic Assault on Capitalism | How Romanism Ruined America | Not Yours to Give (Edward Ellis) | Money, Freedom, and the Bible | The Case Against Indexation | Is Christianity Tied to Any Political or Economic System? | Ecology: The Abolition of Man | Scripture Index | Index | The Crisis of Our Time | Intellectual Ammunition

    *Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), The Grand Inquisitor's Second Coming.
    "Totalitarianism is historically the most prevalent form of human government, from the tribal society in which all activities are regulated by the tribe or its rulers, the council, and witch doctor, to the totalitarianism of the Middle Ages when the Roman Church ruled all of life. . . . It is these more enduring forms of totalitarianism that will still be with us when the ghosts of Marx and Lenin are finally busted. . . . It is this new religiosity that will threaten the political, economic, religious, and social freedom of men in the twenty-first century. . . ." -- John W. Robbins
    See: The Grand Inquisitor, Fyodor Dostoyevsky
    http://www.trinityfoundation.org/reviews/journal.asp?ID=070a.html

    *Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Money, Freedom and the Bible.
    "Paul does not regard government as provider of income, health care, education, national parks, money, or any of the other services common to our modern welfare states; its function is quite simple: to punish wrongdoers." A lecture given at the Gold Standard Corporation Conference, August 1989.

    *Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Rebuilding American Freedom in the Twenty-first Century
    "This article was originally written in 1996. It was first published in 2006 in FREEDOM AND CAPITALISM: ESSAYS ON CHRISTIAN POLITICS AND ECONOMICS by John W. Robbins.
    "By almost any measure, by virtually any criterion one selects, our fathers were freer and more civilized than we are, and their fathers had been freer and more civilized than they were."
    http://www.trinityfoundation.org/PDF/281-Rebuilding_Freedom_in_America.pdf

    *Rushdoony, Rousas J., (1916-2001), Christianity and the State, ISBN: 9996717755. Available through Exodus Books.
    "The need to return to a Biblical doctrine of civil government is evidenced by our century's worldwide drift into tyranny. Humanism invariably rushes in to fill the world's theological vacuums: the need of the hour is to restore a full-orbed, Biblical, theology of the state. This work sets forth that theology." -- GCB

    *Rutherford, Samuel, (1600-1661), A Free Disputation Against Pretended Liberty of Conscience, 1649. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #9, #25, and #26.
    "Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION, though scarce, is still one of his most important works with maybe only a few copies of the actual book left in existence. Though Rutherford is affectionately remembered in our day for his LETTERS, or for laying the foundations of constitutional government (against the divine right of kings), in his unsurpassed LEX, REX his FREE DISPUTATION should not be overlooked for it contains the same searing insights as LEX, REX. In fact, this book should probably be known as Rutherford's 'politically incorrect' companion volume to LEX, REX. A sort of sequel aimed at driving pluralists and antinomians insane. Written against 'the Belgick Arminians, Socinians, and other Authors contending for lawless liberty, or licentious Tolerations of Sects and Heresies,' Rutherford explains the undiluted Biblical solution to moral relativism, especially as it is expressed in ecclesiastical and civil pluralism! (Corporate pluralism being a violation of the first commandment and an affront to the holy God of Scripture). He also deals with conscience, toleration, penology (punishment), and the judicial laws, as related to both the civil and ecclesiastical realms. Excellent sections are also included which address questions related to determining the fundamentals of religion, how covenants bind us, the perpetual obligation of social covenants (with direct application to the Solemn League and Covenant and the covenant-breaking of Cromwell and his sectarian supporters), whether the punishing of seducing teachers be persecution of conscience, and much more. Walker adds these comments and context regarding Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION, 'The principle of toleration was beginning to be broached in England, and in a modified shape to find acceptance there. Samuel Rutherford was alarmed, or rather, I should say, he was horrified, for he neither feared the face of man or argument. He rushed to the rescue of the good old view . . . It is not so easy to find a theoretical ground for toleration; and Rutherford has many plausible things to say against it. With the most perfect confidence, he argues that it is alike against Scripture and common sense that you should have two religions side by side. It is outrageous ecclesiastically, it is sinful civilly. He does not, however, take what I call the essentially persecuting ground. He does not hold that the magistrate is to punish religion as religion. Nay, he strongly maintains that the civil magistrate never aims at the conscience. The magistrate, he urges, does not send anyone, whether a heretic (who is a soul murderer -- RB), or a murderer, to the scaffold with the idea of producing conversion or other spiritual result, but to strengthen the foundations of civil order. But if he gives so much power to the king, he is no lover of despotism withal: the king himself must be under law. To vindicate this great doctrine is the object of another book, the celebrated LEX, REX; of which it has been said by one competent to judge, that it first clearly developed the constitutionalism which all men now accept.' (Theology and Theologians . . . pp. 11-12). In our day Francis Schaeffer, and numerous others, have critiqued many of the problems found in modern society, but most have spent little time developing explicitly Biblical solutions especially regarding the theoretical foundations that Rutherford addresses here. Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION provides a detailed blueprint for laying the foundations that must be laid before any lasting, God-honoring solutions will be found. Furthermore, Rutherford and his writings were the enemies of all governments not covenanted with Christ. This book will give you a very clear picture as to why 'the beast' (civil and ecclesiastical), has reserved his special hatred for such teaching. As Samuel Wylie noted 'the dispute, then, will not turn upon the point whether religion should be civilly established . . . but it is concerning what religion ought to be civilly established and protected, -- whether the religion of Jesus alone should be countenanced by civil authority, or every blasphemous, heretical, and idolatrous abomination which the subtle malignity of the old serpent and a heart deceitful above all things and desperately wicked, can frame and devise, should be put on an equal footing therewith." -- The Two Sons of Oil; or, the Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis. Can our generation swallow Rutherford's hard, anti-pluralistic, Covenanter medicine, poured forth from the bottle of the first commandment, without choking on their carnal dreams of a free and righteous society divorced from God (and His absolute claims upon everyone and everything)? Not without the enabling power of the Holy Spirit -- that is for sure! In summary, this book answers all the hardest questions theonomists (and their wisest and best opponents), have been asking for the last 20-30 years (and these answers are much more in depth than any we have seen in the last couple of millennia. [less about a century to account for the apostles]). As the reader will discover, Rutherford was a wealthy man when it came to wisdom (and much advanced theologically), and those who take the time to gaze into the King's treasure house, as exhibited in this book, will find that they are greatly rewarded. Furthermore, because of its uncompromising stand upon the Word of God, this book is sure to be unpopular among a wicked and adulterous generation. However, on the other hand, it is sure to be popular among the covenanted servants of King Jesus! This is one of the best books (in the top five anyway), for advanced study of the Christian faith. We have now obtained an easy-to-read, amazingly clear copy of this very rare, old treasure. Great price too, considering that a copy of the 1649 edition, containing this quality of print, would likely cost upwards of $1000 on the rare book market -- though it is unlikely you would ever see a copy for sale!" -- Publisher
    A Brotherly and Free Epistle to the Patrons and Friends of Pretended Liberty of Conscience, Samuel Rutherford
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/anti_toleration/rutherfurd_epistle_against_pretendedlibertyofconscience.html
    The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
    http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

    *Rutherford, Samuel (1600-1661), Lex, Rex, or the Law and the Prince, ISBN: 0873779517. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #10, #25.
    " 'Lex, rex' is Latin for 'law is king.'
    "LEX, REX is 'the great political text of the Covenanters.' (Johnston citing Innes in Treasury of the Scottish Covenant, p. 305). 'Rutherford was the first to formulate the great constitutional principle Lex est Rex -- the law is King . . . much of the doctrine has become the constitutional inheritance of all countries in modern times.'
    "Gilmour writes [in SAMUEL RUTHERFORD], 'that, as regards religious fervour, scholastic subtlety of intellect, and intensity of ecclesiastical conviction, Samuel Rutherford is the most distinctively representative Scotsman in the first half of the seventeenth century'." -- Publisher
    "Without a doubt one of the greatest books on political philosophy ever written. Rutherford here has penned a great Christian charter of liberty against all forms of civil tyranny -- vindicating the Scriptural duty to resist tyrants as an act of loyalty to God." -- Publisher
    "That resistance to lawful authority -- even when that authority so called has, in point of fact, set at nought 'all law' -- is in no instance to be vindicated, will be held by those only who are the devotees of arbitrary power and passive obedience. The principles of Mr. Rutherford's LEX, REX, however obnoxious they may be to such men, are substantially the principles on which all government is founded, and without which the civil magistrate would become a curse rather than a blessing to a country. They are the very principles which lie at the basis of the British Constitution, and by whose tenure the House of Brunswick does at this very moment hold possession of the throne of these realms." -- Rev. Robert Burns, D.D., in his "Preliminary Dissertation" to Wodrow's Church History
    Additional sources of text related to LEX REX are as follows:
    "Though Rutherford is affectionately remembered in our day for his LETTERS, or for laying the foundations of constitutional government (against the divine right of kings), in his unsurpassed LEX, REX, his FREE DISPUTATION should not be overlooked, for it contains the same searing insights as LEX, REX. In fact, this book [A FREE DISPUTATION AGAINST PRETENDED LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE -- compiler] should probably be known as Rutherford's 'politically incorrect' companion volume to LEX, REX. It is a sort of sequel aimed at driving pluralists and antinomians insane. Written against 'the Belgick Arminians, Socinians, and other Authors contending for lawless liberty, or licentious Tolerations of Sects and Heresies,' Rutherford explains the undiluted Biblical solution to moral relativism, especially as it is expressed in ecclesiastical and civil pluralism! (Corporate pluralism being a violation of the first commandment, and an affront to the holy God of Scripture)." -- Publisher
    A HIND LET LOOSE by Alexander Shields is sometimes referred to as 'Lex, Rex, Volume Two.'
    A Hind Let Loose; or An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland. . . . by Mr. Alexander Shields, Minister of the Gospel, in St. Andrews
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/shields/
    A Hind let Loose; or, An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland, for the Interest of Christ
    "This book sets forth the Crown rights of King Jesus, against all usurpers in both church and state, giving a history of some of faithful sufferings endured by the elect, in maintaining this truth." -- Publisher
    http://archive.org/details/hindletlooseorhi00shie
    "This [THE DUE RIGHT OF PRESBYTERIES OR A PEACEABLE PLEA FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND] -- compiler, could be considered the LEX, REX of church government -- another exceedingly rare masterpiece of Presbyterianism! Characterized by Walker as sweeping 'over a wider field than most'." -- Publisher
    Rutherford, Samuel (1600-1661), Lex, rex: The law and the Prince, a Dispute for the Just Prerogative of King and People. (1843)
    http://archive.org/details/lexrexlawandpri00ruthgoog
    Lex, Rex, or The Law and the Prince, Samuel Rutherford
    "Rutherford is to be praised for his teaching that the king is subject to the law of God. The Bible has nothing but condemnation for those who frame mischief by a law and declares rhetorically, Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee? (Psalm 94:20). Deuteronomy 17 is the classic passage in defense of Lex, Rex, wherein the king is charged to read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, to keep all the words of this law. (Deuteronomy 17:19)." -- Publisher
    http://www.constitution.org/sr/lexrex.htm
    Lex, rex: the law and the Prince, a Dispute for the Just Prerogative of King and People, containing the reasons and causes of the defensive wars of the kingdom of Scotland, and of their expedition for the ayd and help of their brethren of England. In which a full answer is given to a seditious pamphlet, intituled, Sacro-sancta regum majestas, penned by J. Maxwell. By S. Rutherford. [Followed by], De jure regni apud Scotos; a dialogue, tr. by R. Macfarlan (repr. from the ed. of 1799).
    http://books.google.com/books?id=jtYDAAAAQAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html
    The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
    http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

    *Scott, Otto, R.J. Rushdoony, M.R. Rushdoony, Martin G. Selbrede, and John Lofton, Jr., The Great Christian Revolution: The Myths of Paganism and Arminianism, ISBN: 1879998025 9781879998025.
    "Dr. Warfield noted that Calvinism represents the Christian religion in its highest and purest form, for Calvinism alone acknowledges the totality of God's kingly prerogatives over every square inch of our world. This volume supports these powerful truths from three different perspectives, with each author supplying cumulative weight to the proposition that God rules in the affairs of all men, from the least to the greatest. This book will help you sort out much of the current error in theology in our day." -- GCB
    "Never has so broad a sweep of Christian history been so swiftly or dramatically told. From the savage tribes of Europe to the rise of the most wealthy and intellectual civilization in the world; from the Dark Ages to the Reformation; from the tyranny of English kings to the spirit of freedom in Philadelphia. Otto Scott takes you on a gripping journey through the rise and fall of men and empires, while the Christian faith has always shined through every generation. Get this book for your library." -- Publisher

    *Singer, C. Gregg, (1910-1999), John Calvin: His Roots and Fruits.
    "What then is the role of the state in economic matters? Is it to stand idly by and take no steps or initiate no policies to defend the poor? The state, in the economic realm, is under a mandate to enforce the moral law and to punish those who break it for the sake of economic gain. It may prevent monopolistic and other business practices which are contrary to the Biblical ethic, as well as stealing and other forms of dishonesty and may pass laws for this purpose. It is certain that Calvin would support more statutes of this kind than some advocates of free enterprise would tolerate today. In general, however, Calvin agreed that the state had no right to undertake schemes of redistributing wealth in order to achieve economic equality. The legislative taking of wealth under the guise of legality is no less stealing than if it is done by robbers and thieves. Such schemes, rather than being an application of Christian principles, are actually a form of human rebellion against the will of God for the right ordering of society." -- C. Gregg Singer in "Calvinism and Economic Thought and Practice.
    Notes: "Appeared in volume II of THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHRISTIANITY . . . and was later printed by Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company . . . 1967, for their Philosophical and historical studies series."
    Contents: The author; Preface; I The patristic foundations of calvinism; II Calvinism: the summit of reformation theology; III The later history of calvinism; IV Influence of calvinism on western history and culture; V Calvinism and economic thought and practice; VI Calvinism and Philosophy; VII Calvinism and education; VIII Calvinism and social thought and practice; Bibliography.

    *Singer, C. Gregg, (1910-1999), A Theological Interpretation of American History, 1994 edition, 354 pages, ISBN: 0875524265 9780875524269. A Christian classic.
    This book portrays "the influence of theology and the changing doctrines in the life of the church on the pattern of American political, constitutional, social and economic development.
    "The author shows that the decline of constitutional government in this country is the result of the departure from historical Christian faith and the resulting rise of alien political philosophies. Particularly does he emphasize the intimate relationship between theological liberalism on the one hand and political, social, and economic liberalism on the other. This theological liberalism has been a major agent in the decline of the Constitution in the political life of the people and in the appearance of a highly centralized government." -- Publisher
    "There is between the democratic philosophy and theological liberalism a basic affinity which has placed them in the same camp in many major political struggles.
    "This condition exists because theological liberalism shares the basic postulates of the democratic philosophy. . . .
    "Theological liberalism at heart has been a continuing protest against Calvinism, particularly against its insistence on the Sovereignty of God and the Total Depravity of the race. These two Biblical doctrines have often proved to be a stumbling block to theologians within the church as well as to the unbelieving world.
    "The result of theological liberalism has been the movement away from constitutionalism and away from liberty, and a movement toward collectivistic society and totalitarian regime." -- C. Gregg Singer, A Theological Interpretation of American History, p. 290
    See also: John Knox, the Scottish Covenanters, and the Westminster Assembly (tape 3 of 5), in a series of addresses History Notes on Presbyterianism, Reformation, and Theology by Dr. C. Gregg Singer on SermonAudion.com
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12607114250
    See also:
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer at SermonAudio.com (161 messages)
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/search.asp?SpeakerOnly=true&currSection=sermonsspeaker&Keyword=Dr.^C.^Gregg^Singer

    Sklar, Martin J., The Corporate Reconstruction of American Capitalism, 1890-1916: The Market, the Law, and Politics, ISBN: 0521313821 9780521313827.
    "This is a major work, its insights and reconceptualizations comparable to those of such books as Morton J. Horwitz's THE TRANSFORMATIONS OF AMERICAN LAW, 1790-1860 (Cambridge, 1977), and Ellis W. Hawley's THE NEW DEAL AND THE PROBLEM OF MONOPOLY (Princeton, 1966). Like these works, Martin J. Sklar's book fuses legal history with economic and intellectual history. In addition, Sklar provides a powerful overlay of political theory. The result is the most arresting reinterpretation of the Progressive Era to appear in two decades. . . .
    "Here Sklar exhibits rich and original insight grounded in political theory and also in an appreciation of the gravity of what was going on within the economy and the inordinate difficulty of coming to terms with it. . . . Here Sklar has engaged, with remarkable wisdom and originality, the most difficult questions in one of the most complex periods of American history; and he has written a masterpiece that places us all in his debt." -- Thomas K. McCraw, The American Journal of Legal History
    "This book is a judicious, immensely learned, thorough, and, in many places, brilliant analysis of the regulatory response to the corporate transformation of American capitalism." -- Donald J. Pisani, Texas A&M University, in The Journal of American History
    "Of all the theories of contemporary society we have, Sklar's, it seems to me, is the only one that even begins to give adequate attention to the continued play of private interests, not only in the economy but in politics and culture as well. If his interpretation is correct, he has certainly provided a key to understanding the twentieth century." -- Eli Zaretsky, Journal of Social History
    "The opening portion of the book deals also, as background, with the impetus in America toward economic imperialism beginning not later than the post-Civil War era and in doing so presents another means of understanding it, in addition to that presented by the British economist John A. Hobson in his 1902 book, IMPERIALISM, and especially in its chapter "The Economic Taproot of Imperialism." Hobson's work was well known to the players in Sklar's work, and the topic was discussed frankly and openly by mainstream capitalists and theorists of the day." -- Reader's Comment

    *Spurgeon, C.H., (1834-1892), Spurgeon's Sovereign Grace Sermons, ISBN: 0921148437 9780921148432. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #29.
    "This book contains a wide range of Calvinistic sermons centering on soteriology, including one gem that is clearly postmillennial. It is completely retypeset." -- GCB
    "So apt are Spurgeon's sermons that a host of preachers are to this very day preaching from his outlines. Of course, you can't do that unless you are willing to be as bold and fearless as was Spurgeon. He was not contentious, but he would not be silent when anyone was denying the plain teachings of the Bible. These he put forth in a style that was pleasing, but solidly founded on the Scriptures. This meant that he preached the sovereignty of God and Christ over this world in everyone and in everything, down to the minutest details. For as he says it, either God through Christ rules the world, or Satan rules the world. Whichever you believe will tell who it is that you serve. Spurgeon preached Christ, For of him, and through him, and to him are all things; to whom be the glory forever. Amen. (Romans 11:36). If you believe that, Spurgeon believes that you would not long be deceived by the Devil's appeal to your human senses, and prejudices, and natural self-love . . ." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    The Spurgeon Archive
    http://www.spurgeon.org/

    Steele, David, and Curtis Thomas, The Five Points of Calvinism, ISBN: 0875524443 9780875524443. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "Defines, defends, and documents the five points of Calvinism. A good introduction to Reformed Theology; excellent for study groups or personal use. Well indexed, easy to use, with much information leading to other books concerning the five points and other area of Calvinistic thought." -- Publisher

    Stepelevich, Lawrence S., (editor), The Capitalist Reader, ISBN: 0870003798 9780870003790.

    Swancara, Frank, Thomas Jefferson Versus Religious Oppression.
    "Swancara was a journalist, wrote book in his old age, apparently had an obsession with 'religious oppression,' Jefferson was a hero of his, he actually studied the collection of Jefferson's library, Jefferson gave it to the Library of Congress when it was formed.
    "Swancara was godless and argued everything from the wrong side, but it is the best listing of public documents and legislation calling for religious tests for office holders that I have seen, goes back to English law which prohibited a man from being a member of Parliament unless he believed there was going to be a final judgment and our actions have eternal consequences. Swancara unwittingly produced a valuable work for the reformer." -- Reader's Comment

    Szasz, Thomas Stephen, Law, Liberty, and Psychiatry; An Inquiry into the Social uses of Mental Health Practices.

    *Tame, Chris R., and Centre for Policy Studies, Bibliography of Freedom, ISBN: 0905880250 9780905880259.

    Tawney, R.H., Religion and the Rise of Capitalism, ISBN: 0765804557 9780765804556.

    Thornwell, James H., (1812-1862), Analysis of Calvin's Institutes, With Notes, Questions and Comments. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "A valuable, but sometimes overlooked, aid in understanding Calvin's masterpiece. Great for use as a study guide or for use in teaching groups." -- Publisher

    *Tocqueville, Alexis de, Democracy in America, ISBN: 0060915226.
    Translated by Henry Reeve and revised by Francis Bowen. Edited by Philip Bradley
    "Tocqueville in the early part of the 19th century was commissioned by the French government to travel throughout the United States in order to discover the secret of the astounding success of this experiment in democracy. . . . A classic of political and sociological reporting and analysis . . ." -- Publisher
    Democracy in America
    http://xroads.virginia.edu/~HYPER/DETOC/home.html

    Toon, Peter, Puritans and Calvinism

    *Turretin, Francis (1623-1687), Institutes of Elenctic Theology, Vols. 1, 2, and 3, Volume 1: First Through Tenth Topics; Volume 2: Eleventh Through Seventeenth Topics; Volume 3: Eighteenth Through Twentieth Topics, ISBN: 0875524516 9780875524511 0875524524 9780875524528.
    Turretin was the renowned teacher of the Academy in Geneva and successor to Calvin, Beza, and Diodati.
    These three volumes "mark the arrival of the first complete edition of the INSTITUTES OF ELENCTIC THEOLOGY to be published in the English language. Heartily recommended by James Montgomery Boice, Sinclair B. Ferguson, John H. Gerstner, Leon Morris, and others. Theologians, pastors, and students will welcome this treatise, which first develops and then contrast Reformed doctrines with Roman Catholic, Arminian, and Socinian views. . . ." -- Publisher
    Francis Turretin, excerpts
    http://www.apuritansmind.com/FrancisTurretin/francisturretin.htm

    Vision Video, The Better Hour: The Legacy of William Wilberforce, DVD (Vision Video, March 18, 2008), ISBN: 0793694124 9780793694129, 60 minutes.
    A new documentary about William Wilberforce, subject of the film "Amazing Grace."
    " 'The Better Hour' is the story of a man who, inspired by faith, used his political and social influence to change the world for the better. At the beginning of the 19th century, almost a third of the British economy depended on the trade of human beings. William Wilberforce was determined to end this horrific practice, by persuading both Parliament and British society to abolish slavery in the British Empire.
    "Once, everyone knew the name William Wilberforce. Frederick Douglas said, 'Let no man forget the name of William Wilberforce.' A quarter century after Wilberforce's death, Abraham Lincoln said, 'Every school boy knows the name of William Wilberforce.' Yet 'few Americans today understand why, or even know Wilberforce's name,' explains 'The Better Hour' executive producer Cullen Schippe.
    "Shot in high definition, 'The Better Hour: The Legacy Of William Wilberforce' is an engaging documentary, rich with content and commentary, that can inspire people with the remarkable story of William Wilberforce. He used his position as a British parliamentarian to launch 69 organizations for the betterment of society and end the trans-Atlantic slave trade -- a business that was key to the country's economic strength.
    "The film focuses on a politician who, over time, developed strength of character in the service of high and seemingly unattainable goals. This film highlights William Wilberforce's drive and love for humanity and reveals how he and his colleagues worked tirelessly to end the slave trade, even as it represented a large portion of the British economy. In Wilberforce, we see character and a sense of justice for all join together to bring into the world what the English poet William Cowper described as 'the better hour'." -- Publisher

    *Von Mises, Ludwig, Liberty and Property, ISBN: 9781579703783 157970378X.
    "Originally delivered as a lecture at Princeton University, October 1958, at the 9th meeting of the Mont Pelerin Society." Includes bibliographical references.

    *Wallace, Ronald S., Calvin's Doctrine of the Christian Life, ISBN: 1579100473 9781579100476.
    "This renowned student of Calvin's theology says that the great Reformer did not hold that the doctrine of the priesthood of believers was an individualistic idea apart from the Church. Also sets forth Calvin's views on prayer, ethics, and other Christian disciplines. Always the idea of assurance, achievement, and hope was present because of our union with Christ." -- GCB

    Wallace, Ronald, S., Calvin, Geneva, and the Reformation: A Study of Calvin as Social Reformer, Churchman, Pastor and Theologian, ISBN: 0707305128 9780707305127.

    Warfield, Benjamin B., (1851-1921), Calvin and Augustine, ISBN: 0875525261.
    Augustine was a major influence on Calvin. It is said that Calvin paraphrased Augustine about 400 times in THE INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION.

    *Warfield, B.B., (1851-1921), The Works of B.B. Warfield, 10 volumes, ISBN: 0801096456 9780801096457.
    "Edited by E.D. Warfield, W.P. Armstrong and C.W. Hodge. Warfield's complete writings are back in print after years of unavailability! Professor of theology at Princeton Theological Seminary from 1887 to his death in 1921, Warfield was the leading Calvinistic theologian of his time. His precise scholarship, keen logic, and spiritual insight were enormously influential then, and still are illuminating to contemporary evangelicals. This reprint of Oxford's 1927-1932 edition appears now in 10 volumes. . . ." -- CBD

    *Weaver, Henry Grady, Mainspring of Human Progress.
    A monograph on the history of freedom.
    Includes bibliography.

    Winstanley, Gerrard, (b. 1609), The law of Freedom in a Platform: or, True Magistracy Restored, ISBN: 0952807068 9780952807063.

    Woodhouse, A.S.P., (compiler and editor), Puritanism and Liberty: Being the Army Debates (1647-1649), From the Clarke Manuscripts With Supplementary Documents.
    "The literature devoted to freedom is one of the exciting features of the middle years of the seventeenth century."

    Woodiwiss, Michael, Gangster Capitalism: The United States and the Globalization of Organized Crime, ISBN: 0786716711 9780786716715.
    "Everyone knows what organized crime is. Each year dozens of feature films, hundreds of books, and thousands of news stories explain to an eager public that organized crime is what gangsters do. Closely knit, ethnically distinct, and ruthlessly efficient, these mafias control the drugs trade, people trafficking and other serious crimes. If only states would take the threat seriously and recognize the global nature of modern organized crime, the FBI's success against the Italian mafia could be replicated throughout the world. The wicked trade in addictive drugs could be brought to a halt.
    "The trouble is, as Woodiwiss demonstrates in shocking and surprising detail, what everyone knows about organized crime is pretty much completely wrong. In reality the most important figures in organized crime are employees of multinational companies, politicians and bureaucrats. Gangsters are certainly a problem, but much of their strength comes from attempts to prohibit the market for certain drugs. Even here they are minor players when compared with the intelligence and law enforcement agencies that selectively enforce prohibition and profit from it. Woodiwiss shows how respectable businessmen and revered statesmen have seized these opportunities in an orgy of fraud and illegal violence." -- Reader's Comment

    See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, Freedom: a gift of the grace of god, Political and economic freedom, Justice, judgment, god's final judgment, the great white throne judgment, the day of the lord, day of judgment, Theft, stealing and fraud: property rights, Reform of the church, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, Christian self-government, True republicanism, Christianity and democracy, The utter failure of the u.s. constitution as a social deed of covenant, Theft, Slavery, our systems of enslavement, economic enslavement, Friendly fascism, Taxation and War, Ethics, Biblical civil government and the basis for civil resistance, Friendly fascism, Slavery, our systems of enslavement, economic enslavement, The decline of american society, irrationality, the decline of western thought, Meltdown 2008: the greatest depression in history, God's deliverance of nations, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, The counter reformation, Toleration and liberty of conscience, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, Background and history of the covenanted reformation of scotland, The national covenant, The solemn league and covenant, The covenanted reformation of scotland short title listing, Biography of covenanters, Acts of faithful assemblies, The scottish covenanting struggle, Confession of national sin and covenant renewal, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, The scottish covenanting struggle, Covenanting in america, Alexander craighead, and the mecklenburg declaration, Servant leadership, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Creeds, confessions and catechisms, Arminianism, Antinomianism, The courts and the law base, The banking system, Biblical economics, Slavery, our system of enslavement, The decline of american society, irrationality, the decline of western thought, The american civil war (the war between the states), Sexual relationship, and so forth, and so on.
    TCRB5: 2135

    Related WebLinks

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    http://www.lettermen2.com/theft.html

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    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12705182250

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    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=127051872

    Great Moments in Presbyterian History #4: Colonial Presbyterianism and the Great Awakening
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Great Movements in Presbyterian History
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?ID=1216037179

    The Religious and Theological Causes of Secession
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, 75 min.
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12705181136

    Theological Tensions of the 19th Century: Old School -- New School
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, History of the American Presbyterian Church, 34 min.
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=1216037188

    Presbyterianism in the 20th Century
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, History of the American Presbyterian Church, 42 min.
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12160371916

    The Presbyterian Church in the 20th Century: Emergence of the OPC
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, History of the American Presbyterian Church, 47 min.
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12160372014


    Great Movements in Presbyterian History

    Great Moments in Presbyterian History #1
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Great Movements in Presbyterian History
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?ID=12160371437

    Great Moments in Presbyterian History #2
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Great Movements in Presbyterian History, 34 min.
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12160371538

    Great Moments in Presbyterian History #3: The Westminster Assembly
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Great Movements in Presbyterian History
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?ID=12160371617

    Great Moments in Presbyterian History #4: Colonial Presbyterianism and the Great Awakening
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Great Movements in Presbyterian History
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?ID=1216037179

    Great Moments in Presbyterian History #5: Theological Tensions of the 19th Century: Old School -- New School
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Great Movements in Presbyterian History
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?ID=1216037188

    Great Moments in Presbyterian History #6: Presbyterianism in the 20th Century
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Great Movements in Presbyterian History
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?ID=12160371916

    Great Moments in Presbyterian History #7: The Presbyterian Church in the 20th Century: Emergence of the OPC
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Great Movements in Presbyterian History
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?ID=12160372014

    Great Moments in Presbyterian History #8: What the Bible has to say About the Nature of Government
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Great Movements in Presbyterian History
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?ID=12160372131


    The Foundation for Economic Education, Inc.
    http://www.fee.org/

    The Trinity Foundation
    http://trinityfoundation.org/

    America's Transformation From Liberty to Democracy, Randall G. Holcombe
    "If we were able to go back to the time of the Revolutionary War and ask the typical American to describe, in one word, the underlying principle of the new American government, that one word would have been liberty. If we were to ask the typical American citizen today to describe, in one word, the underlying principle of American government, that one word would be democracy. The Declaration of Independence is largely a list of grievances against the King of England, and the American Founders wanted to escape the oppression of the British government and establish a constitutionally limited government to protect the rights of its citizens -- to preserve their liberty. Today Americans view the role of their government as carrying out the will of the majority. My new book, FROM LIBERTY TO DEMOCRACY: THE TRANSFORMATION OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT (University of Michigan Press), describes how the fundamental principle of American government has been transformed from liberty to democracy."
    http://www.lewrockwell.com/orig3/holcombe1.html

    The Moral Basis of a Free Society, Steve Forbes
    "Americans have always defined true freedom as an environment in which one may resist evil and do what is right, noble, and good without fear of reprisal. It is the presence of justice tempered with mercy. It is a rule of law based on fundamental moral truths that are easily understood and fairly and effectively administered. It offers individuals and families equal opportunity to better their lives morally, spiritually, intellectually, and economically.
    "Freedom, in other words, is neither a commodity for dictators to distribute and deny at will nor a moral, spiritual, or political vacuum in which anything goes. Freedom is a priceless treasure that the state is supposed to safeguard. Why? Because human beings have an intrinsic right to be free, a right that comes not from the state but from God. To the Founding Fathers, this was a 'self-evident' truth. It is the essence of the American experiment in self-government.
    "The Founders, even those most suspicious of organized religion, believed that man's place in the universe was no accident -- that man himself and the world in which he lived were created and sustained by a just and loving God. 'It is impossible to account for the creation of the universe without the agency of a Supreme Being,' wrote George Washington, 'and it is impossible to govern the universe without the aid of a Supreme Being.' James Madison put it this way: 'The belief in a God All Powerful, wise and good, is so essential to the moral order of the World and to the happiness of man, that arguments which enforce it cannot be drawn from too many sources.'
    http://www.policyreview.org/nov97/moral.html

    Meet Bill Still, Fiat-money Advocate
    "An analysis of the documentaries Money Masters and Capital Crimes by G. Edward Griffin.
    http://www.freedomforceinternational.org/freedomcontent.cfm?fuseaction=meetstill

    A Resolution to Combat Mind Control With Truth
    http://www.lettermen2.com/mindc.html

    Liberty Bookshop
    "Reading and studying great books is a life long and enjoyable pursuit. Every person should pursue the intellectual life of the autodidact (self-educated). Liberty Bookshop's goal is to provide the tools and the community to encourage the liberal education of autodidacts everywhere."
    http://www.libertybookshop.com/shop/customer/home.php



    Politics and Economics

    It is quite evident that in all of this Calvin was setting forth a view of free enterprise which is strictly Biblical. Free enterprise is that means adapted for man by which he fulfills the conditions of his stewardship. Enterprise that is truly free is constantly governed by the law of God. -- C. Gregg Singer, "Calvinism and Economic Thought and Practice" in John Calvin: His Roots and Fruits, p. 46

    The wealthy stand as magistrates in the economic arena and have the same duty of stewardship as do those who hold political office. -- C. Gregg Singer, "Calvinism and Economic Thought and Practice" in John Calvin: His Roots and Fruits, p. 46

    The Biblical doctrine of sin forbids the optimistic conclusion of Adam Smith [THE WEALTH OF NATIONS -- compiler], and the laissez faire school of economic thought. -- Singer, C. Gregg, "Calvinism and Economic Thought and Practice" in John Calvin: His Roots and Fruits, p. 46

    Conservatism is a political philosophy that professes to be practical and grounded in reality -- not in ideological or utopian dream worlds -- yet it cannot furnish a coherent answer to a very practical question: What is the proper punishment for a thief? Even ignoring the big questions -- What is the ideal government? Is there an ideal government? Is any government justified? What is the proper relationship between church and state? -- conservatism cannot answer a small question. If conservatism cannot offer a justified answer to a small question, it probably cannot answer larger questions. -- John W. Robbins in Conservatism: An Autopsy

    No corporation on earth comes close to the accounting fraud practiced year after year by the Federal Government. In fact, there is no real accountability at all for the trillions in tax dollars raised and spent annually by Congress and our entrenched Federal Agencies. The official 'accounting' that does take place is a sham. Every year Congress creates a meaningless budget, the Fed prints phony money, the Budget Office issues false revenue forecasts, and the Administrative Agencies waste billions in the most unproductive ways imaginable. Literally tens of billions of dollars go unaccounted for every year, simply disappearing down bureaucratic black holes. [and the banking system is controlled by the Federal Reserve -- compiler]. This hardly represents a standard against which corporations should be judged! -- Texas Congressman, Ron Paul in What About Government Accountability?

    Totalitarianism is historically the most prevalent form of human government, from the tribal society in which all activities are regulated by the tribe or its rulers, the council, and witch doctor, to the totalitarianism of the Middle Ages when the Roman Church ruled all of life. . . . It is these more enduring forms of totalitarianism that will still be with us when the ghosts of Marx and Lenin are finally busted. . . . It is this new religiosity that will threaten the political, economic, religious, and social freedom of men in the twenty-first century. . . . . -- John W. Robbins

    Interestingly the decade (1850-1860), before the War Between the States, was a decade of unprecedented industrial growth and growing prosperity, which lead to economic depression in 1857. War began in 1860.

    I believe it is high time America quit sacrificing our moral health at the altar of economic strength. By continuing to put financial considerations before morality, we are producing a nation that is rich, but has completely seared its conscience and can't even enjoy the fruit of our labor anymore. We have become a nation that doesn't know how to blush, and our children are the ones who are paying the price. -- Rusty Lee Thomas

    The powerful and wealthy conceal theft, of course, by economic and legal games, the game rules being of their own making.
    For example, (1) A ten percent capitalization rate on residential rental property results in a profit of 100 percent over a ten year period, based on the current market price of the property. In other words, after ten years of renting the owner has recovered the entire cost of the property, and he still owns the property at an appreciated market value, making residential rental property one of the most lucrative investments possible. (2) The cost of building a new home is just a fraction of the market value of the property, the balance is a windfall profit to the developer. Some of the reasons for the inflated market value follow. (3) The Federal Government of the United States of America is the largest business enterprise in the world. It is run by politicians who, for the most part, are businessmen and lawyers, not scholars and statesmen. They can sit down at a table together for 20 minutes and write a multi-million dollar budget. They are accountable to practically no one. (4) The cost of living is high in big cities because, among other reasons, after the multi-million dollar budget is written by the politicians, then taxes and assessments are increased to pay for it. By raising property assessments to generate revenue, the cost of real estate simultaneously increases, and it follows that the cost of all goods go up. (5) All these changes, increasing taxes, assessments, market values of real estate, costs of goods, and the resulting inflation, all these changes profit the wealthy property owners and business owners who simply pass on tax increases and higher costs to the consumer. (6) The banking system, money, is controlled by The Federal Reserve System, which in turn is run by unelected officials, veteran leaders of corporate investment banks, who control the amount of money in the economy and interest costs. Generally speaking, this amounts to a complete monopoly over the economy and value of the dollar. (7) The principles of accounting being used today have generally remained essentially unchanged since the Feudal Age, 600 years ago, principles of accounting which allowed a few wealthy noblemen to lived in luxury at the expense of the masses. (8) And so forth, and so on. This is just a very, very brief and general overview of some of the games being played, and how the powerful and wealthy game the system. For more details on things you may not have learned in the public education system see other book-length works in this topical listing.
    The middle and lower classes are, for the most part, uneducated and ignorant of the extent of the games, therefore, they do not fully understand how they are being fleeced by the "Aristocracy of Wealth."
    Meanwhile, many of the unregenerate members of society, who by their human nature are unable to trust in The Triune God to "place a table before them." That is to say, they are unable to trust in God to provide for all their needs, just, as recorded in Genesis and Exodus, he set his people free from bondage, fought against their enemies and gave them victory, guided them through the Wilderness, daily feed them with manna from heaven, and then gave them the Promised Land of Canaan.
    Regrettably, unregenerate men, not able to trust in the Faithfulness of a Covenant God, become "flesh-pleasers." They are all too willing to trust in man, all too ready to submit to the influence of the powerful and the wealthy, welcoming them and their "games" with open arms, and with great enthusiasm, in hopes of securing their fleshly desires.
    Regrettably, these unregenerate men, these "Cains," are all too often both incompetent and corrupt, are all too often in the majority, and all too often seize political and economic power.
    All to often unregenerate men are willing to submit to the influence of the powerful and the wealthy, as opposed to submitting to the influence of the Faithful, Triune God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, who has covenanted to be their God, to redeem them from their rebellious, Fallen State, and to show them "The Way, the Truth, and the Life," both temporal and eternal.
    The Ten Commandments are, of course, the "constitution" of that covenant between God and man. Notice that all Ten Commandments speak to covetousness, and the tenth summarizes all that is not to be coveted in the second table, commandments four through ten.
    Consequently the world is subject to repeating economic depression and collapse caused by immoral rule, the covetousness, incompetence, and corruption of the Cains in political and economic power.

    Selfishness and pride will blind even the gifted and learned to the truth. Lust for power and the will to play God will blind us to the truth. Intense nationalistic pride, political bent, alienation during secular schooling, or personal ambitions blind us to the "evident connection between Absolute Truth, sovereign authority, holiness, life, loving obedience, moral behavior, sanctification, justice, freedom (political, economic, and individual), social stability, and real progress. . . . -- Preface, Biblical Counsel: Resources for Renewal (The Web Edition).

    Bastiat, Frederic, (1801-1850), and David Ames Wells (1828-1898), Essays on Political Economy (1877)
    http://archive.org/details/essaysonpolitica00bastuoft

    Beard, Charles Austin (1874-1948), Forrest McDonald (introduction), An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States, ISBN: 0029024803.
    "In this classic and controversial interpretation of the economic conditions of the United States between 1783-1787, Beard proposes the thesis that the Framers were motivated by economic concerns. In his landmark work, THE GROWTH OF AMERICAN LAW, Hurst describes AN ECONOMIC INTERPRETATION . . . as 'one of "the basic works" on the Federal Convention of 1787.' (Hurst, The Growth of American Law: 458). Beard [1874-1948], was a founder of The New School for Social Research." -- Publisher

    Bello, Walden, with Shea Cunningham and Bill Pau, Dark Victory: The United States, Structural Adjustment, and Global Poverty, ISBN: 0935028765 9780935028768.
    "Best short work on the role of the IMF in global misery. Bello provides a clear, concise and well evidenced argument that the structural adjustment programs of the IMF and World Bank have sunk the countries of the global south into deeper and deeper debt and impoverishment. Bello sets this argument in the historical frame of the northern backlash against the rising economic power of the south. He also links the economic philosophy behind adjustment to the widening prosperity gap and falling real wages in the north.
    "A must read for all those curios about the World Bank and IMF and why people are against them." -- Reader's Comment

    Braby, Don, The Greatest Depression of All Time: Will America Survive This Time and What can you do About it, ISBN: 1438201931 9781438201931.
    "THE GREATEST DEPRESSION is a book that is written to alert Americans of the coming economic crisis that many believed would occur during the lives of our children's or our grandchildren's lives. However, that time is now. The United States is about to see an economic crisis for the ages. Buy this book now and discover how to prepare for the financial crisis of 2009 and beyond." -- Publisher
    "Revisiting his earlier predictions of precarious times in American economics [THE APPROACHING WINTER: THE NEXT GREAT DEPRESSION, 2005], Braby has created a second, more telling book, rife with explanations of our current financial crisis and its symptoms (layoffs, mortgage defaults, chronic unemployment, failure of government and financial institutions to recognize/prevent catastrophe). While I'm no economist, I understood and appreciated Braby's explanation of cyclical economics, and how -- whether it's inflated stocks or a subprime mortgage crisis -- history has a way of repeating itself, especially when it comes to our economy. Detailing an 80-year economic 'cycle,' and weaving in the current effects of a Bear Market on our 'American psyche,' Braby leaves no room for doubt: we're in a mess and should have seen it coming.
    "While THE GREATEST DEPRESSION OF ALL TIME isn't a how-to for anyone looking to weather the current financial crisis, it is a solid, well-researched read for those interested in a crash course in American economic history or the state of American economic affairs (through late summer 2008). For that reason, and for Braby's concise, easy approach to economics, I heartily recommend this read." -- Reader's Comment

    *Brzezinski, Zbigniew, Out of Control: Global Turmoil on the eve of the Twenty-first Century, ISBN: 0684196301 9780684196305.
    "Rarely has there been a book as explosive and challenging as this brilliant analysis of today's massive geopolitical disorder. The triumphant collapse of communism has brought neither economic stability nor social democracy to the former Soviet Union. Nor, for that matter, to the rest of the world. We are living in a time of fragmentation: increasing disunity in Europe, dangerous eruptions in the Islamic republics, growing disparity between the world's rich and poor, and the evils of the 'permissive cornucopia' in America which, through overstimulation of material desires and sensual self-gratification, is leading to the collapse of Western moral and spiritual values. In short, we are living in a philosophical climate that is 'out of control.' It is Zbigniew Brzezinski's firm belief that we must draw both moral and political lessons from the 'megadeaths' of the twentieth century, a century in which at least 167 million people were slaughtered in the name of the 'politics of organized insanity,' or the 'meta-myths' of such dictators as Hitler, Stalin, and Mao, among others. Unless we can practice self-restraint derived from a moral commitment in the quest for global democratic 'interdependence,' we stand destined to risk again our very own survival.
    "Lives deliberately extinguished by politically motivated carnage: 167,000,000 to 175,000,000. Including: War Dead: 87,500,000, Military War Dead: 33,500,000, Civilian War Dead: 54,000,000, Not-war Dead: 80,000,000, Communist Oppression: 60,000,000." -- Publisher

    Chomsky, Noam, 9-11 by Noam Chomsky, ISBN: 1583224890 9781583224892.
    "Though Chomsky repeatedly states that the 9/11 attack is unjustified, he rightly argues that if we fail to understand the context of such an attack, then we're doom, like the state of Israel, to live without any hope of peace and justice. Throughout the various interviews reproduced in this book, he maintains that 'we should recognize that in much of the world the U.S. is regarded as a leading terrorist state, and with good reason. We might bear in mind, for example, that in 1986 the U.S. was condemned by the World Court for 'unlawful use of force' (international terrorism), and then vetoed a Security Council resolution calling on all states (meaning the U.S.), to adhere to international law.' What the U.S. has done or supported in Vietnam, Granada, Guatemala, Nicaragua, the Sudan, El Salvador, Chile, occupied Palestine, etc. constitute a recent history of political terrorist repression, whereby hundreds of thousands of innocent people, especially women and children, have been killed primarily to protect the political and economic (e.g. oil, coffee), interests of the United States.
    "Chomsky reminds us that the current war is nothing new or partisan. The attack on Afghanistan is/will be 10 times as devastating as Clinton's attack on the Sudan in which the 'death toll from the bombing has continued, quietly, to rise . . . Thus, tens of thousands of people -- many of them children -- have suffered and died from malaria, tuberculosis, and other treatable diseases . . .' And this attack as we must remember was done based on the same current erroneous reasons given for the current attack on the people of Afghanistan and Iraq -- all three in pursuit of a despotic leader.
    "Not a supporter of the Islamic fundamentalist bin Landen, Chomsky does remind readers of the history of the U.S. in Afghanistan whereby in the 1980s, the U.S. trained and funded networks to commit a 'holy war against the Russian occupiers . . . .' By 1989, they [the Mujahidin, in which bin Landen was a principle leader], succeeded in their Holy War in Afghanistan. As soon as the U.S. established a permanent military presence in Saudi Arabia, bin Landen and the rest announced that from their point of view, that was comparable to the Russian occupation of Afghanistan and they turned their guns on the Americans, as had already happened in 1983 when the U.S. had military forces in Lebanon. Saudi Arabia is a major enemy of the bin Laden network, just as Egypt is. That's what they want to overthrow, what they call the un-Islamic governments of Egypt, Saudi Arabia, other states of the Middles East, and North Africa. And it continued." -- Reader's Comment

    Chomsky, Noam, and Edward S. Herman, The Washington Connection and Third World Fascism (Political Economy of Human Rights, Vol. 1), ISBN: 0896080919 9780896080911.
    "Chomsky and Herman present a brilliant, shattering, and convincing account of United States-backed suppression of political and human rights in the Third World. The 'best and brightest' pundits of the status quo emerge from this book thoroughly denuded of their credibility." -- Ingram

    Clark, William Roberts, Capitalism, not Globalism: Capital Mobility, Central Bank Independence, and the Political Control of the Economy, ISBN: 0472112937 9780472112937.

    Coral Ridge Ministries, Economic Manifesto. A call to America's Leaders: Reverse our Nation's Disastrous Economic Policies! (Fort Lauderdale, FL: Coral Ridge Ministries).
    "You shall not steal (Exodus 20:15 NJKV), applies to government, just as it does to private individuals. Tax policy to redistribute income, to take from the rich and give to the poor, and economic policy to steal from everyone to bail out the rich, amounts to 'legalized theft' and violates God's law.
    "Socialism threatens freedom.
    "Man is sinful (Genesis 3, Romans 3:23), and any system that places economic and political power in the hands of a few is a threat to liberty. Socialism concentrates economic authority in government and empowers politicians to impose their will and 'wisdom' on the marketplace by force of law.
    "Government should not play favorites.
    "The proper role of government is to ensure a level playing field by providing equal justice to all. Federal policy should favor neither poor nor rich: You shall not be partial to the poor, nor honor the person of the mighty." (Leviticus 19:15 NKJV) -- Coral Ridge Ministries
    https://store.coralridge.org/_layouts/CRMCommon/pages/Economic%20Manifesto.htm

    Cunningham, William (1805-1861), Politics and Economics: An Essay on the Nature of the Principles of Political Economy Together With a Survey of Recent Legislation.

    Ellul, Jacques (1912-1994), Money and Power, ISBN: 0551013923 9780551013926.
    Translated by L. Neff. "Discusses the ethics of wealth and incidentally elucidates the Biblical teaching on money and its use. . . ." -- Cyril J. Barber
    "In this one of many brilliant books by Ellul, he exposes the folly of a purely collective, societal approach, such as that offered by communism, or capitalism. Instead, through a study of various Biblical references in the Old and New Testament, puts the responsibility on the individual. The new covenant of Jesus is compared to the Old Testament pattern of wealth as a sign of blessing. He examines the teaching of Jesus on God and Mammon. Contemporary models of stewardship are exposed as inadequate. Further, he clearly shows the underlying power money has over a person, despite any feelings of control we may think we have. The teachings of Jesus about giving and trusting provide the path to freedom -- every hair is numbered. Only by God's grace and transforming love are we able to overcome this subtle and insidious power. Highly recommended, especially at a time in our history when many have lost faith in the market." -- Reader's Comment

    *Galbraith, James, The Predator State: How Conservatives Abandoned the Free Market and why Liberals Should too, ISBN: 141656683X 978-1416566830.
    "Shows how to break the spell that conservatives have cast over the minds of liberals (and everyone else), for many years." -- Joseph E. Stiglitz, Nobel Laureate in Economic Sciences (2001)
    "The cult of the free market has dominated economic policy-talk since the Reagan revolution of nearly thirty years ago. Tax cuts and small government, monetarism, balanced budgets, deregulation, and free trade are the core elements of this dogma, a dogma so successful that even many liberals accept it. But a funny thing happened on the bridge to the twenty-first century. While liberals continue to bow before the free-market altar, conservatives in the style of George W. Bush have abandoned it altogether. That is why principled conservatives -- the Reagan true believers -- long ago abandoned Bush.
    "Enter James K. Galbraith, the iconoclastic economist. In this riveting book, Galbraith first dissects the stale remains of Reaganism and shows how Bush and company had no choice except to dump them into the trash. He then explores the true nature of the Bush regime: a 'corporate republic,' bringing the methods and mentality of big business to public life; a coalition of lobbies, doing the bidding of clients in the oil, mining, military, pharmaceutical, agribusiness, insurance, and media industries; and a predator state, intent not on reducing government but rather on diverting public cash into private hands. In plain English, the Republican Party has been hijacked by political leaders who long since stopped caring if reality conformed to their message.
    "Galbraith follows with an impertinent question: if conservatives no longer take free markets seriously, why should liberals? Why keep liberal thought in the straitjacket of pay-as-you-go, of assigning inflation control to the Federal Reserve, of attempting to 'make markets work'? Why not build a new economic policy based on what is really happening in this country?
    "The real economy is not a free-market economy. It is a complex combination of private and public institutions, including Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid, higher education, the housing finance system, and a vast federal research establishment. The real problems and challenges -- inequality, climate change, the infrastructure deficit, the subprime crisis, and the future of the dollar -- are problems that cannot be solved by incantations about the market. They will be solved only with planning, with standards and other policies that transcend and even transform markets.
    "A timely, provocative work whose message will endure beyond this election season, THE PREDATOR STATE will appeal to the broad audience of thoughtful Americans who wish to understand the forces at work in our economy and culture and who seek to live in a nation that is both prosperous and progressive." -- Publisher
    "James Galbraith has written an extremely challenging book. Although its principal target is conservative economics, it is no less critical of conventional liberalism. Galbraith correctly recognizes that today both approaches are intellectually bankrupt and incapable of addressing the nation's pressing economic problems. I hope The Predator State stimulates needed debate among both liberals and conservatives on the mistakes both sides have made that have gotten us to where we are now." -- Bruce Bartlett, author of Impostor: How George W. Bush Bankrupted America and Betrayed the Reagan Legacy

    Huffington, Arianna, Pigs at the Trough: How Corporate Greed and Political Corruption are Undermining America, ISBN: 1400047714 9781400047710.
    "Who filled the trough? Who set the table at the banquet of greed? How has it been possible for corporate pigs to gorge themselves on grossly inflated pay packages and heaping helpings of stock options while the average American struggles to make do with their leftovers?
    "Provocative political commentator Arianna Huffington yanks back the curtain on the unholy alliance of CEOs, politicians, lobbyists, and Wall Street bankers who have shown a brutal disregard for those in the office cubicles and on the factory floors. As she puts it: 'The economic game is not supposed to be rigged like some shady ring toss on a carnival midway.' Yet it has been, allowing corporate crooks to bilk the public out of trillions of dollars, magically making our pensions and 401(k)s disappear and walking away with astronomical payouts and absurdly lavish perks-for-life.
    "The media have put their fingers on pieces of the sordid puzzle, but Pigs at the Trough presents the whole ugly picture of what's really going on for the first time -- blistering, wickedly witty portrait of exactly how and why the worst and the greediest are running American business and government into the ground.
    "Tyco's Dennis Kozlowski, Adelphia's John Rigas, and the Three Horsemen of the Enron Apocalypse -- Ken Lay, Jeff Skilling, and Andrew Fastow -- are not just a few bad apples. They are manifestations of a megatrend in corporate leadership -- the rise of a callous and avaricious mind-set that is wildly out of whack with the core values of the average American. WorldCom, Enron, Adelphia, Tyco, AOL, Xerox, Merrill Lynch, and the other scandals are only the tip of the tip of the corruption iceberg.
    "Making the case that our public watchdogs have become little more than obedient lapdogs, unwilling to bite the corporate hand that feeds them, Arianna Huffington turns the spotlight on the tough reforms we must demand from Washington. We need, she argues, to go way beyond the lame Corporate Responsibility Act if we are to stop the voracious corporate predators from eating away at the very foundations of our democracy.
    "Devastatingly funny and powerfully indicting, PIGS AT THE TROUGH is a rousing call to arms and a must-read for all those who are outraged by the scandalous state of corporate America." -- Publisher
    "The gluttony continues! Every day brings another jaw-dropping new example of precisely the kind of political and corporate outrages that prompted me to write Pigs at the Trough. As I wrote in the book, our representatives in Washington have tried to fool us with a Madison Avenue version of reform, featuring glitzy bill signings and execs-in-chains photo-ops but pitifully little substance. The president's assertion in his State of the Union address that one of the greatest accomplishments of his presidency was reforming corporate America was outrageous. The ongoing march of corporate sleaze proves otherwise.
    "In just the last few weeks alone, as we prepare our own taxes, we've learned that the Wall Street firms who've agreed to pay $1.5 billion to settle conflict-of-interest charges will actually be able to claim the vast majority of those payments as tax deductions. Think of that: not only do these financial flimflam artists escape criminal indictment, they get a massive write-off to boot! Then there's the astounding story of how Sprint's top two executives paid no taxes on $288 million in stock-option profits thanks to highly imaginative tax shelters dreamed up by the accounting alchemists at Ernst and Young. And you were worried about whether you could deduct that $42 dollar business lunch you had with a friend?
    "PIGS AT THE TROUGH shows how and why such appalling abuses continue to happen -- and why Washington continues to turn a blind eye.
    "Normally, it's satisfying to be right. But in this case, it's just plain nauseating." -- Arianna Huffington

    *Kelly, Marjorie, The Divine Right of Capital: Dethroning the Corporate Aristocracy, ISBN: 1576752372 9781576752371.
    First published just prior to the Enron debacle, the new paperback edition, includes new material on Enron.
    "Wealth inequality, corporate welfare, and industrial pollution are symptoms -- the fevers and chills of the economy. The underlying illness, says Business Ethics magazine founder Marjorie Kelly, is shareholder primacy: the corporate drive to make profits for shareholders, no matter who pays the cost. In THE DIVINE RIGHT OF CAPITAL, Kelly argues that focusing on the interests of stockholders to the exclusion of everyone else's interests is a form of discrimination based on property or wealth. She shows how this bias is held by our institutional structures, much as they once held biases against blacks and women. THE DIVINE RIGHT OF CAPITAL exposes six aristocratic principles that corporations are built on, principles that we would never accept in our modern democratic society but which we accept unquestioningly in our economy. Wealth bias is a holdover from our pre-democratic past. It has enabled shareholders to become a kind of economic aristocracy. Kelly shows how to design more equitable alternatives -- new property rights, new forms of corporate governance, new ways of looking at corporate performance -- that build on both free-market and democratic principles. We think of shareholder primacy as the natural law of the free market, much as our forebears thought of monarchy as the most natural form of government. But in THE DIVINE RIGHT OF CAPITAL, Kelly brilliantly demonstrates that it is no more 'natural' than any other human creation. People designed this system and people can change it. We need a change of mind as profound as that of the American Revolution. We must question the legitimacy of a system that gives the wealthy few -- the ten percent of Americans who own ninety percent of all stock -- a disproportionate power over the many. In so doing, we can fulfill the democratic principles of our nation not only in the political sphere, but in the economic sphere as well." -- Publisher
    "Brilliant. So simple. So direct. And so beautifully written. I think we have found our Thomas Paine for the new millennium." -- David Korten, author of When Corporations Rule the World
    "Marjorie Kelly is the cofounder and editor of Business Ethics, a national publication on corporate social responsibility. Kelly's writing has appeared in publications such as The Utne Reader, The Progressive Populist, Tikkun, Earth Island Journal, Hope Magazine, and the Minneapolis Star-Tribune. Her work has been anthologized in a half-dozen books, including THE NEW ENTREPRENEURS and THE NEW PARADIGM IN BUSINESS. Kelly is a regular speaker and commentator on business ethics and corporate social responsibility featured in The Wall Street Journal, quoted in the New York Times, and interviewed frequently on NPR and other radio networks." -- Publisher
    Divine Right of Capital
    http://www.divinerightofcapital.com/
    Business Ethics Magazine
    http://www.business-ethics.com/
    Corporate Accountability
    NPR "Marketplace," Monday, November 18, 2002. An interview including Robert Hinkley and Marjorie Kelly. A RealAudio file. Scroll down to the "Corporate Accountability" heading and play the audio file.
    "Here's the question: Does corporate governance really need to be overhauled or are would-be reformers simply overreacting? In the start of a two-day series on corporate accountability, Steve Tripoli takes a look."
    http://www.marketplace.org/shows/2002/11/18_mpp.html
    An Opening for Change: Understanding the Enron Crisis
    Excerpted from THE DIVINE RIGHT OF CAPITAL: DETHRONING THE CORPORATE ARISTOCRACY, by Marjorie Kelly, San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, paperback edition 2003
    http://www.divinerightofcapital.com/new_agenda.htm
    Corporate Accountability Project
    http://www.corporations.org/
    Corporate Governance
    http://corpgov.net/
    Code for Corporate Responsibility
    http://www.c4cr.org/

    Kennedy, D. James, (1930-2007), The Mortgaging of America, ISBN: 9781929626038 1929626037.
    "The stock market is down. Unemployment is up. And Congress is furiously spending taxpayer dollars to 'bail out' our ailing economy.
    "We are in a time of economic trouble. One in which America desperately needs the timeless truths of God's Word.
    "These messages from Dr. D. James Kennedy offer enduring biblical wisdom that transcends today's frightening headlines and give both understanding and hope.
    "THE MORTGAGING OF AMERICA presents Dr. Kennedy's warning about the dangers of socialism, a failed economic system now gaining popularity on Capitol Hill. It also gives readers biblical perspective on economics, the nature and reason for work-the difference between justice and charity -- and the way in which the concept of 'social justice' has led to America's welfare state mentality.
    "The perspective, wisdom, and guidance provided in this book reveal the causes of many of our fiscal woes and shed light on the pathway to true economic recovery." -- Publisher

    *Klein, Naomi, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism, ISBN: 0312427999 978-0312427993.
    "Naomi Klein's THE SHOCK DOCTRINE is a stunning indictment of American corporatism and institutionalized globalization, on a par with such groundbreaking works as Harrington's THE OTHER AMERICA and Chomsky's HEGEMONY OR SURVIVAL. Comprehensive in its breadth and remarkable for its well-researched depth, Klein's book is a highly readable but disturbing look at how the neo-liberal economic tenets of Milton Friedman have been implemented across the world over the last thirty-plus years.
    "The author's thesis is simply stated: that neo-liberal economic programs have repeatedly been implemented without the consent of the governed by creating and/or taking advantage of various forms of national shock therapy. Ms. Klein asserts that in country after country, Friedman and his Chicago School followers have foisted their tripartite economic prescription -- privatization, deregulation, and cutbacks in social welfare spending -- on an unsuspecting populace through decidedly non-democratic means. In the early years, the primary vehicle was dictatorial military force and accompanying fear of arrest, torture, disappearance, or death. Over time, new organizations such as the IMF and the World Bank were employed instead, using or creating impossible debt burdens to force governments to accept privatization of state-owned industries and services, complete removal of trade barriers and tariffs, forced acceptance of private foreign investment, and widespread layoffs. In more recent years, terrorism and its response as well as natural disasters like hurricanes and tsunamis have wiped clean enough of the slate to impose these Friedmanite policies on people too shocked and focused on recovering to realize what was happening until it was too late." -- Reader's Comment

    *Korten, David C., When Corporations Rule the World, 2nd edition, ISBN: 1887208046 9781887208048.
    "WHEN CORPORATIONS RULE THE WORLD explains how economic globalization has concentrated the power to govern in global corporations and financial markets and detached them from accountability to the human interest. It documents the devastating human and environmental consequences of the successful efforts of these corporations to reconstruct values and institutions everywhere on the planet to serve their own narrow ends. It also reveals why and how millions of people are acting to reclaim their political and economic power from these elitist forces and presents a policy agenda for restoring democracy and rooting economic power in people and communities. This new edition is expanded with new information, including a new preface, a new introduction, a new chapter on The Global Democracy Movement, and a new epilogue.
    "David C. Korten is board chair of the Positive Futures Network, publishers of YES! A Journal of Positive Futures, and founder and president of The People-Centered Development Forum. He is a former faculty member of the Harvard Business School and the author of nine previous books including the bestselling WHEN CORPORATIONS RULE THE WORLD and THE POST-CORPORATE WORLD." -- Publisher
    Yes! Magazine
    http://www.yesmagazine.org/

    McChesney, Fred S., Money for Nothing: Politicians, Rent Extraction, and Political Extortion, ISBN: 0674583302 9780674583306.
    "Surveys reveal that a majority of Americans believe government is run for special interests, not public interest. The increased presence and power of lobbyists in Washington and the excesses of PAC and campaign contributions, in-kind benefits, and other favors would seem to indicate a government of weak public servants corrupted by big private-interest groups.
    "But as Fred McChesney shows, this perspective affords only a partial understanding of why private interests are paying, and what they are paying for. Consider, for example, Citicorp, the nation's largest banking company, whose registered lobbyists spend most of their time blocking legislation that could hurt any one of the company's credit-card, loan, or financial-service operations. What this scenario suggests, the author argues, is that payments to politicians are often made not for political favors, but to avoid political disfavor, that is, as part of a system of political extortion or 'rent extraction.'
    "The basic notion of rent extraction is simple: because the state can legally take wealth from its citizens, politicians can extort from private parties payments not to expropriate private wealth. In that sense, rent (that is, wealth), extraction is 'money for nothing' -- money paid in exchange for politicians' inaction. After constructing this model of wealth extraction, McChesney tests it with many examples, including several involving routine proposals of tax legislation, followed by withdrawal for a price. He also shows how the model applies more generally to regulation. Finally, he examines how binding contracts are written between private interests and politicians not to extract wealth.
    "This book, standing squarely at the intersection of law, political science, and economics, vividly illustrates the patterns of legal extortion underlying the current fabric of interest-group politics.
    "Fred S. McChesney is Professor of Law at the Cornell Law School." -- Publisher
    "To support his view that rent extraction imposes enormous costs on the economy, McChesney provides a wealth of evidence from recent policy debates. For example, he cites the United States Federal Trade Commission's efforts -- at the request of Congress -- to impose warranty and defect disclosure requirements on used car dealers as an attempt by individual members of Congress to obtain campaign contributions in exchange for voiding the rules. In this instance, he provides statistics on contributions made by the National Auto Dealers' Association to members of Congress who voted to repeal the regulations. In discussing the Supreme Court's response to the wheeling and dealing, he points out that the dealers were essentially tricked into paying to repeal legislation that Congress never intended to enact anyway.
    "On the Clinton health care plan, he states that stock prices of pharmaceutical firms began to fall before the policy was formally proposed. He emphasizes that investors knew that once price controls became an issue, the firms involved would have to spend money fighting the legislation by making campaign contributions. Thus, the firms were expected to lose enormous sums of money whether or not the bill was actually passed. Most importantly, he points out that the firms were never able to recover any of the money they lost in the process.
    "In addition to legislative threats to impose price caps, he cites situations in which politicians threaten to repeal existing price caps to obtain contributions. For example, he states that proposals to raise admission fees at Yellowstone National Park have met with resistance from local merchants and users who benefit from lower prices. In other words, politicians can even threaten regulatory systems that they inherited from previous regimes in order to extract contributions from the firms that benefit from those systems. . . ." -- Reader's Comment

    McDonald, Forrest, and Russell Kirk, We the People: The Economic Origins of the Constitution, ISBN: 1560005742 9781560005742.
    "Few vices are easier to arouse than envy. Politicians and ideologues have had great success exploiting the resentment that arises when pitting rich against the poor.
    "From the time of its publication in 1913 until the 1960s, Charles Beard's thesis dominated discussion of the founders' motives. In the mode of the Marxist interpretation of history as class struggle, Beard argued that economic self-interest, rather than concern for the general good, determined the writing and outcome of the Constitution.
    "Interestingly, Beard asserted his system of alignment without actually proving it, admitting that his work was fragmentary because it failed to fill in the blanks. The real legwork of research wasn't done until over fifty years later, when historian Forrest McDonald put Beard's thesis to the test. McDonald dug through numerous public records to write economic biographies of the delegates (the 55 who attended the Constitutional Convention and the 1,750 members at the state conventions), analyzing their occupations, income, and assets. By comparing these to how the delegates voted, he found that Beard's thesis was incompatible with the facts.
    "In We the People McDonald analyzed the geographical and political factions represented by delegates, their property holdings and occupations, their voting patterns, if any, and whether they benefited directly from the proposed Constitution. For the state conventions he divided chapters into states favorable, divided, and opposed to the Constitution. At the end he re-evaluated Beard's thesis and discussed whether any economic interpretation could be applied to our founding given the complexity and variety of occupations and opinions that existed.
    "The result was a remarkable, though at times necessarily tedious, bit of historical detective work. Very likely it came as a great relief to many Americans to learn that the founders had something other than their own economic gain at heart. Probably few were surprised that the founders were a much more diverse group than Beard had realized.
    "We may find that independence difficult to believe today, when the forces of selfishness, materialism, and special interest seem so dominant, not merely among political and business leaders but among the general populace. Today propagandists still want to align people into absolutes, much like trial lawyers who portray their clients as angels and their opponents as devils. Our shallow political debates revolve around false dichotomies such as the Party of Business and the Party of the Common Man. But I imagine this adversarial, intellectually dishonest approach will continue to be used as an effective tool as long as there is envy to be harvested in the heart of man." -- Reader's Comment

    Mooney, S.C., Usury: Destroyer of Nations.
    "Nothing quite like this book to be found anywhere which thoroughly covers this important topic of usury (charging interest), from a foundation of God's Word. A definition and history of usury is given along with a survey of Biblical texts and popular excuses for usury. Mooney concludes with a call to repentance." -- GCB
    Includes bibliographical references.

    North, Gary, The Pirate Economy, ISBN: 0930462254 9780930462253.
    Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
    http://www.freebooks.com/

    North, Gary, Salvation Through Inflation: The Economics of Social Credit, ISBN: 0930464648 9780930464646 0930464664 9780930464660.
    Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
    http://www.freebooks.com/

    North, Gary, The Sinai Strategy: Economics and The Ten Commandments, ISBN: 0930464079 9780930464073.
    "A detailed exploration of the Ten Commandments and their social, political and especially, economic implications for all of mankind. Nations in which the Bible is freely preached tend to adopt a free market economy. The capitalism vs. socialism controversy is really God vs. Satan." -- GCB
    Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
    http://www.freebooks.com/

    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), No Longer Business as Usual: Fighting Bribery and Corruption, ISBN: 9264176608 9789264176607.
    "Corruption respects no borders, knows no economic distinctions, and infects all forms of government. Today, corruption has moved to the top of the global political agenda as its dramatic impact on economic development and its corrosive effect on political stability and democratic political institutions has become increasingly obvious. In the new millennium, the OECD and associated governments, which account for over 75 percent of trade and investment worldwide, will play by stricter rules. The Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions will outlaw the practice of bribing foreign officials, making competition for international business much more fair and open. Bribery in commercial transactions is only part of the problem. A whole arsenal of legal instruments to combat corruption have now been developed to improve ethical standards in the public sector, to end tax deductibility for bribes, to curtail money laundering, and to clean up public procurement practices. This book provides the key elements needed to build and preserve corruption-free institutions, systems, and private enterprises."

    Paul, Ron, The Revolution: A Manifesto, ISBN: 9780446537513 0446537519.
    "This Much Is True: You Have Been Lied To.

  • The government is expanding.
  • Taxes are increasing.
  • More senseless wars are being planned.
  • Inflation is ballooning.
  • "Our basic freedoms are disappearing. . . .
  • "In THE REVOLUTION, Texas Congressman and Presidential Candidate Ron Paul has exposed the core truths behind everything threatening America, from the real reasons behind the collapse of the dollar and the looming financial crisis, to terrorism and the loss of our precious civil liberties. In this book, Ron Paul provides answers to questions that few even dare to ask. . .
    "Ron Paul, an eleven-term congressman from Texas, is the leading advocate of freedom in our nation's capital. He has devoted his political career to the defense of individual liberty, sound money, and a non-interventionist foreign policy. . . .
    "After serving as a flight surgeon in the U.S. Air Force in the 1960s, Dr. Paul moved to Texas to begin a civilian medical practice, delivering over four thousand babies in his career as an obstetrician. He served in Congress from 1976 to 1984, and again from 1996 to the present. He and Carol Paul, his wife of fifty-one years, have five children, eighteen grandchildren, and one great-grandchild.
    "Ron Paul, the New York Post once wrote, is a politician who 'cannot be bought by special interests.'
    " 'There are few people in public life who, through thick and thin, rain or shine, stick to their principles,' added a Congressional colleague. 'Ron Paul is one of those few'." -- Publisher
    "I think it is fair to say that Ron Paul has risked his life by identifying the essential elements by which the power elite controls our lives. Dr. Paul is a giant in the fields of sound Constitutional doctrine, sound economics, and the philosophy of freedom. Having spent years reading hundreds of books on these same subjects, I can truly appreciate how he has not only mastered these subjects but has provided the quintessential reading list for lovers of liberty everywhere.
    "The book is a wonderful synopsis of the hopes and expectations of the Founders and how we have fallen short of those expectations and is sprinkled with insightful quotes from Thomas Aquinas, Ludwig Von Mises, Frederic Bastiat, et al. In short, it is exactly what it claims to be . . . a manifesto -- a statement of political principles and intentions." -- Readers's Comment

    *Phillips, Kevin, Wealth and Democracy: A Political History of the American Rich, ISBN: 0767905334 9780767905336.
    "Most American conservatives take it as an article of faith that the less governmental involvement in affairs of the market and pocketbook the better. The rich do not, whatever they might say -- for much of their wealth comes from the 'power and preferment of government.' So writes Kevin Phillips, the accomplished historian and one-time Washington insider, in this extraordinary survey of plutocracy, excess, and reform. 'Laissez-faire is a pretense,' he argues; as the wealth of the rich has grown, so has its control over government, making politics a hostage of money. Examining cycles of economic growth and decline from the founding days of the republic to the recent collapse of technology stocks, 2. Phillips dispels notions of trickle-down wealth creation, pricks holes in speculative bubbles, and decries the 2. ever-increasing 'financialization' of the economy -- all of which, he argues, have served to reduce the well-being of ordinary Americans and government alike. Highly readable for all its charts and graphs, Phillips's book offers a refreshing -- and, of course, controversial -- blend of economic history and social criticism. His conclusions won't please all readers, but just about everyone who comes to his pages will feel hackles rising." -- Gregory McNamee
    "The influence of money on government is now, more then ever, a hot political issue. With a grand historical sweep that covers more than three centuries, Phillips's astute analysis of the effects of wealth and capital upon democracy is both eye-opening and disturbing. While his main thrust is an examination of 'the increasing reliance of the American economy on finance,' Phillips weaves a far wider, nuanced tapestry. Carefully building his arguments with telling detail (the growth of investment capitalism in Elizabethan England was essentially the result of privateering and piracy), and statistical evidence, he charts a long, exceptionally complicated history of interplay between governance and the accumulation of wealth. Explicating late-20th-century U.S. capitalism, for instance, by drawing comparisons to the technological advances and ensuing changes in commerce in the Renaissance, he also discusses how 18th-century Spanish colonialism is relevant to how 'lending power began to erode . . . broad prosperity' in 1960s and '70s America. Finding detailed correspondences between the giddy greediness of America's Gilded Age (complete with a surprising quote from Walt Whitman 'my theory includes riches and the getting of riches'), and the 'great technology mania and bubble of the 1990s,' Phillips (THE COUSINS' WAR, etc.), noted NPR political analyst, notes that 2. 'the imbalance of wealth and democracy in the United States is unsustainable,' as it was in highly nationalistic mid-18th-century Holland and late-19th-century Britain both of which underwent major social and political upheaval from the middle and underclasses. Lucidly written, scrupulously argued and culturally wide-ranging, this is an important and deeply original analysis of U.S. history and economics." -- Publisher's Weekly

    Pipes, Richard, Property and Freedom, ISBN: 0375704477 9780375704475.
    "While the bulk of the book compares England and Russia, showing how varying attitudes toward private property led these two nations in totally different directions, the final section examines the broad theme of property rights in the late 20th century -- a period when they have come under assault, and have been made increasingly conditional, by the growing strength of the welfare state. Pipes concludes with a broadside against New Deal and Great Society programs. Although liberal readers may bristle, none can deny that PROPERTY AND FREEDOM is the product of a great mind tackling a big theme with great enthusiasm." -- John J. Miller

    *Powell, Jim, FDR's Folly: How Roosevelt and His New Deal Prolonged the Great Depression, ISBN: 140005477X 9781400054770.
    "The Great Depression and the New Deal. For generations, the collective American consciousness has believed that the former ruined the country and the latter saved it. Endless praise has been heaped upon President Franklin Delano Roosevelt for masterfully reining in the Depression's destructive effects and propping up the country on his New Deal platform. In fact, FDR has achieved mythical status in American history and is considered to be, along with Washington, Jefferson, and Lincoln, one of the greatest presidents of all time. But would the Great Depression have been so catastrophic had the New Deal never been implemented?
    "In FDR'S FOLLY, historian Jim Powell argues that it was in fact the New Deal itself, with its shortsighted programs, that deepened the Great Depression, swelled the federal government, and prevented the country from turning around quickly. You'll discover in alarming detail how FDR's federal programs hurt America more than helped it, with effects we still feel today, including:

  • How Social Security actually increased unemployment
  • How higher taxes undermined good businesses
  • How new labor laws threw people out of work
  • And much more
  • "This groundbreaking book pulls back the shroud of awe and the cloak of time enveloping FDR to prove convincingly how flawed his economic policies actually were, despite his good intentions and the astounding intellect of his circle of advisers. In today's turbulent domestic and global environment, eerily similar to that of the 1930s, it's more important than ever before to uncover and understand the truth of our history, lest we be doomed to repeat it. -- Publisher
    "A common historical misconception is that FDR's New Deal rescued the United States from the Great Depression. However, Cato Institute Historian, Jim Powell, argues that the New Deal exacerbated and elongated the Great Depression. With impressive attention to detail, Powell examines the long-term results of the New Deal and persuasively argues that they crippled the U.S. economy.
    "In this detailed book, you will learn about the numerous programs the FDR administration brought about, including the following:
  • [We think the Cato Institute is naive hear, or playing into the hands of the Aristocracy of Wealth. One major factor in economic depression is the Governments failure to enforce regulations on business, regulations that many be seen as "token regulations" that deceive the public. In fact, they are never enforced. The Securities and Exchange Commission is a prime example. -- compiler]. Programs that inundated private businesses with unprecedented waves of regulations, such as the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, the National Recovery Administration and the Securities and Exchange Commission.
  • Programs that redistributed wealth from producers to consumers, such as the Federal Emergency Relief Act and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
  • Programs that nationalized industries, centrally planned infrastructure or created make-work projects to increase employment such as the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Public Works Administration and the Tennessee Valley Authority. Powell argues that these programs typically led to poorly planned infrastructure that was more expensive than what could have been acquired in a free market.
  • "The economic results of FDR's programs were devastating. For example, consider the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA). The price and production controls of the AAA led to perverse practices such as millions of tons of domestic oat and corn being burned while the U.S. simultaneously imported oat and corn, millions of peaches being left to rot and millions of 'excess' pigs being needlessly slaughtered while lard was being imported from overseas. The extent of economic regulation under the FDR Administration reached such absurd levels, there was even a government board organized solely to control the production and pricing of milk!
    "This book will also detail the oppressive controls on income and wages under the FDR administration. Under FDR, scores of private sector jobs were eliminated through minimum wage laws, personal income taxes hit 79 percent for certain brackets and how government spending during FDR's first two terms exceeded the total amount of Federal spending in the prior history of the United States.
    "Powell reveals how all of FDR's programs are based upon the fatally flawed premises of Keynesian economics, including the following:
  • That government spending is always good for the economy, even if it is engaging in pointless ventures such as building pyramids.
  • War is good for the economy.
  • Gold (as a standard of currency), is a "barbarous relic" that prevents economic growth.
  • A capitalist economy will inevitably slow to a halt without periodic bolsters from centralized planning.
  • Consumption (i.e., the destruction of wealth), not production, drives the economy. Thus, government should redistribute wealth from those who would invest it to those who would spend it.
  • "From reading this book, you will also learn that many of FDR's earliest programs, such as the AAA and the National Recovery Act, were originally ruled as unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court. Unfortunately FDR stayed in office long enough to appoint 7 of the 9 sitting supreme court justices, which eventually opened the floodgates for New Deal reforms. Thus, is the unforeseen danger of having a President serve more than two terms.
    "Powell has done a fantastic job with this work. I am not surprised that FDR's Folly has been enthusiastically recommended by famed free market economists such as Milton Friedman and Thomas Sowell. I highly recommend this book for anyone interested in free market capitalism and learning the real history of the Great Depression." -- Reader's Comment

    *Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Ecclesiastical Megalomania: The Economic and Political Thought of the Roman Catholic Church, ISBN: 0940931753 9780940931756.
    "This book is a detailed examination of the official statements of the Vatican on economic and political matters. It demonstrates the collectivism and totalitarianism of the Roman Catholic Church-State. It is the only such book written by a Christian in the twentieth century.
    "This book explores the conflict between Roman Catholic social thought and human freedom, relying on official pronouncements from the Vatican to show that the political and economic theory of the Roman Church-State justifies feudalism, corporativism, liberation theology, the welfare state, and fascism.
    "Dr. John W. Robbins attended Grove City College (A.B. 1969), and The Johns Hopkins University (M.A. 1970, Ph.D. 1973). He has served as chief of staff for a Member of Congress [Ron Paul of Texas], editor of The Freeman magazine, Economist for The Heritage Foundation, and Professor of Political Philosophy in The Freedom School." -- Publisher
    Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Knox, Samuel Rutherford, John Owen, Thomas Manton, The Westminster Assembly, James Renwick, Archibald Mason, Christopher Ness, Francis Turretin, The Reformed Presbytery, David Steel, James R. Willson, Alexander M'Leod, William L. Roberts, James Aiken Wylie, Andrew Wilet, Henry Wilkinson, James Wylie, Patrick Fairbairn, James Aiken, Andrew Wilet, Alexander Hislop, Francis Nigel Lee, Arthur W. Pink, and so forth, and so on, have all believed and argued in print that the seated Pope is the Antichrist of the Bible.
    The Roman Church-State is "the world's oldest, largest, most powerful and most influential politico-ecclesiastical institution" and it "may also be the world's wealthiest." The Roman Catholic Institution is the ultimate "negative guide to the positive," the reformers ultimate "opposite guide to political and economic reform."

    *Robbins, John (1949-2008), Freedom and Capitalism: Essays on Christian Politics and Economics, ISBN: 1891777157 9781891777158.
    "The relationship between Christianity, freedom, and capitalism has been a subject of scholarly study for centuries. In this volume, John Robbins argues that political and economic freedom are the results of Biblical Christianity. Political freedom and capitalism arose in Northwestern Europe and North America after the Christian Reformation of the 16th Century, and they are unique in world history. The nations and peoples that heard and accepted the Gospel of Jesus Christ as proclaimed by the Reformers quickly became free and prosperous on a scale previously unimaginable. Some historians and economists have denied any causal connection between Christianity, freedom, and capitalism, but they are able to deny this connection only by ignoring clear philosophical, economic, legal, sociological, and historical evidence demonstrating that Christianity is the source of capitalism.
    "Dr. John W. Robbins attended Grove City College (A.B. 1969), and The Johns Hopkins University (M.A. 1970, Ph.D. 1973). He has served as chief of staff for a Member of Congress, editor of The Freeman magazine, Economist for The Heritage Foundation, and Professor of Political Philosophy in The Freedom School." -- Publisher
    Table of Contents: Foreword | Politics | The Founder of Western Civilization | The Sine Qua Non of Enduring Freedom | Some Problems with Natural Law | The Political Philosophy of the Founding Fathers | The Bible and the Draft | The Messianic Character of American Foreign Policy | Truth and Foreign Policy | Compassionate Fascism | Conservatism: An Autopsy | Rightwing Radical Chic | The Reconstructionist Assault on Freedom | Roman Catholic Totalitarianism | The Relation of Church and State (Charles Hodge) | Abortion, the Christian, and the State | The Ethics and Economics of Health Care | The Chickens' Homecoming (John Whitehead) | The Coming Caesars (John Whitehead) | Rebuilding American Freedom in the Twenty-first Century | The Religious Wars of the Twenty-First Century
    Economics: The Failure of Secular Economics | The Promise of Christian Economics | Teaching Economics from the Bible | The Neo-Evangelical Assault on Capitalism | The Reformed Assault on Capitalism | The Roman Catholic Assault on Capitalism | How Romanism Ruined America | Not Yours to Give (Edward Ellis) | Money, Freedom, and the Bible | The Case Against Indexation | Is Christianity Tied to Any Political or Economic System? | Ecology: The Abolition of Man | Scripture Index | Index | The Crisis of Our Time | Intellectual Ammunition

    *Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), The Grand Inquisitor's Second Coming.
    "Totalitarianism is historically the most prevalent form of human government, from the tribal society in which all activities are regulated by the tribe or its rulers, the council, and witch doctor, to the totalitarianism of the Middle Ages when the Roman Church ruled all of life. . . . It is these more enduring forms of totalitarianism that will still be with us when the ghosts of Marx and Lenin are finally busted. . . . It is this new religiosity that will threaten the political, economic, religious, and social freedom of men in the twenty-first century. . . ." -- John W. Robbins
    See: The Grand Inquisitor, Fyodor Dostoyevsky
    http://www.trinityfoundation.org/reviews/journal.asp?ID=070a.html

    *Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Money, Freedom and the Bible.
    "Paul does not regard government as provider of income, health care, education, national parks, money, or any of the other services common to our modern welfare states; its function is quite simple: to punish wrongdoers." A lecture given at the Gold Standard Corporation Conference, August 1989.

    *Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Rebuilding American Freedom in the Twenty-first Century
    "This article was originally written in 1996. It was first published in 2006 in FREEDOM AND CAPITALISM: ESSAYS ON CHRISTIAN POLITICS AND ECONOMICS by John W. Robbins.
    "By almost any measure, by virtually any criterion one selects, our fathers were freer and more civilized than we are, and their fathers had been freer and more civilized than they were."
    http://www.trinityfoundation.org/PDF/281-Rebuilding_Freedom_in_America.pdf

    Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Slavery Christianity: Paul's Letter to Philemon, an article (Unicoi, TN: The Trinity Foundation, November, 2005), ISBN: 1891777173 9781891777172.
    "Slavery. Racism. Rebellion. Civil disobedience. The problems are as pressing today as they were 1900 years ago when the Apostle Paul wrote a letter to a slave-owner, Philemon, about his runaway slave -- and the runaway slave carried Paul's letter back to his legal owner.
    "What did the letter say? Did Paul -- does Christianity -- approve of slavery? Does Christianity condone slavery? Or does the Gospel abolish slavery and establish freedom wherever it is believed? Jesus said, If you abide in my Word, you are my disciples indeed; and you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.
    "Paul's letter to Philemon is a masterpiece of divinely inspired political philosophy. It provides the basis for the non-violent abolition of slavery wherever the Gospel of Jesus Christ is preached and believed.
    "Dr. John W. Robbins holds the Ph.D. in Political Philosophy from The Johns Hopkins University. His most recent book is FREEDOM AND CAPITALISM: ESSAYS ON CHRISTIAN POLITICS AND ECONOMICS." -- Publisher

    Ross, Robert Gaylon, Sr. Who's who of the Elite: Members of the Bilderbergs, Council on Foreign Relations, and Trilateral Commission, ISBN: 0964988801 9780964988804.
    "The Jan., 2000 revision brings an all-new source of information about the international banking cabal that is dominating the entire world, both politically and economically. Every page is new and improved over the 1996 edition, which was very good, as well." -- Robert Gaylon Ross, Sr.

    Rothbard, Murray N., What has Government Done to our Money, ISBN: 0945466102 9780945466109.
    "Rothbard's most famous monetary essay. It has appeared in multiple editions and influenced two generations of economists, investors, and businessmen. After presenting the basics of money and banking theory, he traces the decline of the dollar from the 18th century to the present, and provides lucid critiques of central banking, New Deal monetary policy, Nixonian fiat money, and fixed exchange rates. He also provides a blueprint for a return to a 100 percent reserve gold standard." -- Publisher

    *Rushdoony, Rousas J., (1916-2001), Salvation and Godly Rule, ISBN: 999144789X. Available through Exodus Books.
    "The Christian is commissioned to bring all things into captivity to Christ. Godly rule in our personal, family, social, vocation, political, and economic life is a consequence of salvation. Includes 72 short chapters, over 500 pages." -- GCB

    *Singer, C. Gregg, (1910-1999), From Rationalism to Irrationality: The Decline of the Western Mind From the Renaissance to the Present, ISBN: 0875524281 9780875524283, and a reprint of the P&R Publishing edition of 1979 (Wipf and Stock, 2006), 479 pp.
    "Now, frankly students, this course is presented from obviously the Reformed Theology. I hold unabashedly, unashamedly to the whole of Reformed Theology as we find it specifically in the Westminster Confession of Faith and the Longer and Shorter Catechisms.
    "At the same time I hold to a position in regard to Apologetics generally known as Presuppositionalism, and particularly that view held by Cornelius Van Til.
    "This book is an attempt to enlarge and to broaden the scope of Van Til's own Apologetical system, and also his Epistemology. By that I mean, and I worked this book with him, so anything that I say is not to be construed as a criticism of Cornelius Van Til. I might add he wrote me a letter. He is delighted with this book. But what I did was to take his principles, both of Apologetics and of Epistemology, and apply them to all realms of modern thought.
    "Dr. Van Til, for good and sufficient reason, sought to limit to the main stream of what we might call pure Philosophy, that is from Saint Thomas, well even before them, back to the Greeks, but particularly in the more modern period, from Saint Thomas Aquinas, William of Ockham (Occam), down through Descartes, the Rationalists, the Empiricists, down to Kant and Hegel, and of course Modern Philosophy and Modern Theology. Very seldom has he gone into what we might call the arena of Political Philosophy, or the arena of Social Thought, or the arena of Psychology and Psychiatry, the realm of Educational Philosophy, and into Art, Music, and so on, to the Fine Arts.
    "This book is an attempt to apply his system, and show what happens when the Western mind has forsaken his principles, or the principles which he has espoused, and turned into its own way. And thus the book called FROM RATIONALISM TO IRRATIONALITY. The thesis being that the Rationalism inherent in Saint Thomas and the post-Thomists, and more particularly, and more openly, in the Philosophy of the Renaissance, and Descartes, and Spinosa, and Leibniz has, as it's gained momentum in the modern world, brought Western Culture to its knees. We are living, as I would think, in the death throws of the Western Cultures, the Western Civilization." -- Dr. C. Gregg Singer, in the introductory address to his course in Apologetics soon after FROM RATIONALISM TO IRRATIONALITY came off the press in 1979
    Apologetics: #01: Classical and Medieval Thought #1
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Apologetics, 56 min.
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=2250511453
    "Locke endeavored to set forth a political philosophy which would anchor his democratic political thought on what he felt were the firm foundations of his empiricism. However, his insistence that nature has bestowed upon mankind certain basic and inalienable rights was an assumption quite contrary to his empiricism. His denial of conscience as an innate possession or quality makes it impossible for men to know that they possess the rights of life, liberty, and property. The very concept of a human right is moral in nature and has its basis of authority in the human conscience. It is thus impossible for men to know through the senses that they have these cherished human rights. Granted that it was far from Locke's intention to undermine or destroy the traditional English concept of personal rights, his empiricism removed from his political thought the necessary foundations on which a government could be built for the protection of these rights. His empiricism supported neither the idea that men have such rights nor that they are inalienable. (p. 61)
    "Underlying the secular and naturalistic assumptions of the thought of the Enlightenment was a related and equally serious problem. In their political and economic thought the leaders of this era were passionately devoted to the pursuit of freedom, and yet they seemed to be completely unaware of this incompatibility between their quest for freedom on the one hand and their reliance upon natural law on the other. How can an impersonal and deterministic concept of law produce and sustain a meaningful concept of freedom? Blindly convinced that there was no problem involved in the contradiction, the leaders of the Enlightenment pushed boldly ahead in the quest for political and economic liberty. However, their failure to recognize the issues involved in this quest led not only to the disaster of the French Revolution but to the growth of the totalitarian political and economic philosophies which first appeared in Hegel and Marx during the nineteenth century and reached their culmination in the totalitarianism of the twentieth century." (p. 73) -- quoted at the blog, Imago Veritatis: Post-modern Reformed Paleo-orthodoxy
    Singer used this as textbook for his course in Apologetics. Epistemology is a recurring theme throughout the textbook and the course. The series of 24 addresses on Apologetics is available free online. See "Apologetics" under:
    Works of C. Gregg Singer
    http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr3ch.html#cgsinger

    *Singer, C. Gregg, (1910-1999), John Calvin: His Roots and Fruits.
    "What then is the role of the state in economic matters? Is it to stand idly by and take no steps or initiate no policies to defend the poor? The state, in the economic realm, is under a mandate to enforce the moral law and to punish those who break it for the sake of economic gain. It may prevent monopolistic and other business practices which are contrary to the Biblical ethic, as well as stealing and other forms of dishonesty and may pass laws for this purpose. It is certain that Calvin would support more statutes of this kind than some advocates of free enterprise would tolerate today. In general, however, Calvin agreed that the state had no right to undertake schemes of redistributing wealth in order to achieve economic equality. The legislative taking of wealth under the guise of legality is no less stealing than if it is done by robbers and thieves. Such schemes, rather than being an application of Christian principles, are actually a form of human rebellion against the will of God for the right ordering of society." -- C. Gregg Singer in "Calvinism and Economic Thought and Practice.
    Notes: "Appeared in volume II of THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHRISTIANITY . . . and was later printed by Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company . . . 1967, for their Philosophical and historical studies series."
    Contents: The author; Preface; I The patristic foundations of calvinism; II Calvinism: the summit of reformation theology; III The later history of calvinism; IV Influence of calvinism on western history and culture; V Calvinism and economic thought and practice; VI Calvinism and Philosophy; VII Calvinism and education; VIII Calvinism and social thought and practice; Bibliography.

    *Singer, C. Gregg, (1910-1999), A Theological Interpretation of American History, 1994 edition, 354 pages (Greenville, SC: A Press, 1994, 1981, 1975, 1974, 1964), ISBN: 0875524265 9780875524269. A Christian classic.
    This book portrays "the influence of theology and the changing doctrines in the life of the church on the pattern of American political, constitutional, social and economic development.
    "The author shows that the decline of constitutional government in this country is the result of the departure from historical Christian faith and the resulting rise of alien political philosophies. Particularly does he emphasize the intimate relationship between theological liberalism on the one hand and political, social, and economic liberalism on the other. This theological liberalism has been a major agent in the decline of the Constitution in the political life of the people and in the appearance of a highly centralized government." -- Publisher
    "There is between the democratic philosophy and theological liberalism a basic affinity which has placed them in the same camp in many major political struggles.
    "This condition exists because theological liberalism shares the basic postulates of the democratic philosophy. . . .
    "Theological liberalism at heart has been a continuing protest against Calvinism, particularly against its insistence on the Sovereignty of God and the Total Depravity of the race. These two Biblical doctrines have often proved to be a stumbling block to theologians within the church as well as to the unbelieving world.
    "The result of theological liberalism has been the movement away from constitutionalism and away from liberty, and a movement toward collectivistic society and totalitarian regime." -- C. Gregg Singer, A Theological Interpretation of American History, p. 290
    See also: John Knox, the Scottish Covenanters, and the Westminster Assembly (tape 3 of 5), in a series of addresses History Notes on Presbyterianism, Reformation, and Theology by Dr. C. Gregg Singer on SermonAudion.com
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12607114250
    See also:
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer at SermonAudio.com (161 messages)
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/search.asp?SpeakerOnly=true&currSection=sermonsspeaker&Keyword=Dr.^C.^Gregg^Singer

    Sowell, Thomas, Economic Facts and Fallacies, ISBN: 9780465003495 0465003494.
    "From one of America's most distinguished economists, a short, brilliant and revelatory book: the fundamental ideas people most commonly get wrong about economics, and how to think about the subject better.
    "ECONOMIC FACTS AND FALLACIES exposes some of the most popular fallacies about economic issues -- and does so in a lively manner and without requiring any prior knowledge of economics by the readers. These fallacies include many beliefs widely disseminated in the media and by politicians, such as fallacies about urban problems, income differences, male-female economic differences, as well as economics fallacies about academia, about race, and about Third World countries.
    "One of the themes of ECONOMIC FACTS AND FALLACIES is that fallacies are not simply crazy ideas but in fact have a certain plausibility that gives them their staying power -- and makes careful examination of their flaws both necessary and important, as well as sometimes humorous.
    "Written in the easy to follow style of the author's BASIC ECONOMICS, this latest book is able to go into greater depth, with real world examples, on specific issues.
    "Thomas Sowell has taught economics at a number of colleges and universities, including Cornell University, University of California, Los Angeles and Amherst College. He has published both scholarly and popular articles and books on economics, and is currently a scholar in residence at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University.
    "In this slim volume, Sowell exposes, refutes and debunks six of the major economic fallacies of our time:

    1. Urban Facts and Fallacies
    2. Male-Female Facts and Fallacies
    3. Academic Facts and Fallacies
    4. Income Facts and Fallacies
    5. Racial Facts and Fallacies
    6. Third World Facts and Fallacies
    "As you've probably noticed, these are six of the major flashpoint issues of our times -- and Sowell knocks down the myths and lies the left-wing has worked so hard to spread.
    "For example, Sowell shows how elitists have made the most desirable areas of California unaffordable for all but the very rich through restrictive policies. This results in various hypocrisies, such as driving out poor blacks from places like San Francisco and also contributes to the fallacy of a lack of 'affordable housing.' The latter is not the fault of evil conservatives, but of very selfish left-wingers.
    "Sowell applies his truly formidable knowledge and scalpel-like logic to each of these six fallacies, slicing away the untruths and revealing that the United States is not a nation of massive inequalities, but is in fact still the land of opportunity.
    "As Sowell puts it so well, 'some things are believed because they are demonstrably true. But many things are believed because they are consistent with a widely held vision of the world -- and this vision is accepted as a substitute for facts.' For those willing to learn, Sowell demolishes six major myths here. Would that there were more like Sowell -- and those willing to learn from him." -- Reader's Comment

    *Stockman, David Alan, The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America, ISBN: 9781586489120 1586489127. Release date: April 2, 2013.
    "THE GREAT DEFORMATION is a searing look at Washington's craven response to the recent myriad of financial crises and fiscal cliffs. It counters conventional wisdom with an eighty-year revisionist history of how the American state -- especially the Federal Reserve -- has fallen prey to the politics of crony capitalism and the ideologies of fiscal stimulus, monetary central planning, and financial bailouts. These forces have left the public sector teetering on the edge of political dysfunction and fiscal collapse and have caused America's private enterprise foundation to morph into a speculative casino that swindles the masses and enriches the few. . . .
    "Defying right- and left-wing boxes, David Stockman provides a catalogue of corrupters and defenders of sound money, fiscal rectitude, and free markets. The former includes Franklin Roosevelt, who fathered crony capitalism; Richard Nixon, who destroyed national financial discipline and the Bretton Woods gold-backed dollar; Fed chairmen Greenspan and Bernanke, who fostered our present scourge of bubble finance and addiction to debt and speculation; George W. Bush, who repudiated fiscal rectitude and ballooned the warfare state via senseless wars; and Barack Obama, who revived failed Keynesian "borrow and spend" policies that have driven the national debt to perilous heights. By contrast, the book also traces a parade of statesmen who championed balanced budgets and financial market discipline including Carter Glass, Harry Truman, Dwight Eisenhower, Bill Simon, Paul Volcker, Bill Clinton, and Sheila Bair.
    "Stockman's analysis skewers Keynesian spenders and GOP tax-cutters alike, showing how they converged to bloat the welfare state, perpetuate the military-industrial complex, and deplete the revenue base -- even as the Fed's massive money printing allowed politicians to enjoy "deficits without tears." But these policies have also fueled new financial bubbles and favored Wall Street with cheap money and rigged stock and bond markets, while crushing Main Street savers and punishing family budgets with soaring food and energy costs. THE GREAT DEFORMATION explains how we got here and why these warped, crony capitalist policies are an epochal threat to free market prosperity and American political democracy.
    "David A. Stockman was elected as a Michigan congressman in 1976 and joined the Reagan White House in 1981. Serving as budget director, he was one of the key architects of the Reagan Revolution plan to reduce taxes, cut spending, and shrink the role of government. He joined Salomon Brothers in 1985 and later became one of the early partners of the Blackstone Group. During nearly two decades at Blackstone and at a firm he founded, Stockman was a private equity investor. Stockman attended Michigan State University and Harvard Divinity School and then went to Washington as a congressional aide in 1970. He is also the author of the "New York Times" bestseller THE TRIUMPH OF POLITICS: WHY THE REAGAN REVOLUTION FAILED." -- Publisher

    *Tocqueville, Alexis de, Seymour Drescher (translator), and Gertrude Himmelfarb (introduction), Memoir on Pauperism, ISBN: 156663167X 9781566631679.
    "In this neglected memoir, written just after the first volume of DEMOCRACY IN AMERICA, Tocqueville seeks to understand why the most impoverished countries of Europe in his time had the fewest paupers, while the most opulent nation -- England -- had the most." -- Publisher

    *Ubel, Peter A., Free Market Madness: Why Human Nature is at Odds With Economics -- And why it Matters, ISBN: 1422126099 9781422126097.
    "In this book, Peter Ubel argues that the combination of human nature and free markets can be downright dangerous for our health and well-being. That government must step in and further regulate the markets that reward those who exploit our weaknesses. He shows that by understanding and controlling the factors that go into our decisions, we can all begin to stop the damage we do to our bodies, our finances, and our economy as a whole." -- Publisher

    Vidal, Gore, Dreaming War: Blood for Oil and the Cheney-Bush Junta, ISBN: 1560255021 9781560255024.
    "Stunning selection of essays which offer a passionate critique of the Bush-Cheney coup in 2000. Vidal shows that Bush's Government represented the oil and gas industries and also incorporated some of their leading executives into the government: 'Bush Senior of the Carlyle Group, Bush Junior of Harken, Cheney of Halliburton, Condoleezza Rice of Chevron-Texaco, Rumsfeld of Occidental, Gale Norton of BP-Amoco.'
    "The book shows that not only were Bush, Cheney, and Rumsfeld expecting the September 11th attack, but that they were actively preparing for it. Vidal provides the evidence to show that al-Qaida were virtually goaded into attacking the US.
    "Another theme is the undermining of the original democratic aims of the US republic by the 'oligarchy,' who control every facet of US society. He argues that the founders of the republic had 'invented the Electoral College so that the popular voice of the people could be throttled, much as the Supreme Court throttled the Floridians on 12 December [2000:]. We were to be neither a democracy, subject to majoritarian tyranny, nor a dictatorship, subject to Caesarean folly.'
    "There are many powerful historical and political insights which emanate from the author's comprehensive knowledge of history and from contemporary developments. Vidal makes three startling claims which he substantiates: that the US forced Japan into the attack on Pearl Harbour; that the Japanese had been trying to surrender from May 1945 and that there was no good reason to drop the two atom bombs; that it was the US which started the Cold War as Truman wanted a military build up." -- Reader's Comment

    Woodiwiss, Michael, Gangster Capitalism: The United States and the Globalization of Organized Crime, ISBN: 0786716711 9780786716715.
    "Everyone knows what organized crime is. Each year dozens of feature films, hundreds of books, and thousands of news stories explain to an eager public that organized crime is what gangsters do. Closely knit, ethnically distinct, and ruthlessly efficient, these mafias control the drugs trade, people trafficking and other serious crimes. If only states would take the threat seriously and recognize the global nature of modern organized crime, the FBI's success against the Italian mafia could be replicated throughout the world. The wicked trade in addictive drugs could be brought to a halt.
    "The trouble is, as Woodiwiss demonstrates in shocking and surprising detail, what everyone knows about organized crime is pretty much completely wrong. In reality the most important figures in organized crime are employees of multinational companies, politicians and bureaucrats. Gangsters are certainly a problem, but much of their strength comes from attempts to prohibit the market for certain drugs. Even here they are minor players when compared with the intelligence and law enforcement agencies that selectively enforce prohibition and profit from it. Woodiwiss shows how respectable businessmen and revered statesmen have seized these opportunities in an orgy of fraud and illegal violence." -- Reader's Comment

    See also: Covetousness, greed, and selfishness, Carnality and flesh pleasing: lust, desires, ambition, pleasure, The aristocracy of wealth, Feudalism, Anarchy, Tyranny, The aristocracy of wealth, War, Wealth and prosperity, the snare of, Slavery, our systems of enslavement, economic enslavement, Ethics, computer ethics, cyberethics, Reform, state sovereignty and corporate immunity: reform of corporations, Background, foundation, and history of the covenanted reformation of scotland, The theology of freedom, Freedom: a gift of the grace of god, Political and economic freedom, Biblical economics, Christian liberty, Freedom with responsibility to god, Christian self-government, Christianity and democracy, The utter failure of the u.s. constitution as a social deed of covenant, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, Justice, judgment, god's final judgment, the great white throne judgment, the day of the lord, The decline of american society, irrationality, the decline of western thought, Meltdown 2008: the greatest depression in history, God's deliverance of nations, and so forth, and so on.

    Related WebLinks

    Decline (Political, Economic, Cultural), Part 1
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Decline of American Culture
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?ID=819021843

    Decline (Political, Economic, Cultural), Part 2
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Decline of American Culture
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=8190218822

    What the Price of Gold is Telling us, Ron Paul
    This is a 4865 word article. Just a few quotes follow.
    "The dollar price of gold reflects dollar depreciation." [devaluation, inflation -- compiler]
    The gold price has risen "from $250 per ounce in 2001 [the year of 9/11 -- compiler], to over $1000 today . . . .
    "Since 2001 the dollar has been devalued by 60 percent . . . .
    "Though our inflation -- i.e., the depreciation of the U.S. dollar -- has been insidious, average Americans are unaware of how this occurs. For instance, few Americans know nor seem concerned that the 1913 pre-Federal Reserve dollar is now worth only four cents. . . .
    "Forget about the lip service given to transparency by new Fed Chairman Bernanke. Not only is this administration one of the most secretive across the board in our history, the current Fed firmly supports denying the most important measurement of current monetary policy to Congress, the financial community, and the American public. Because of a lack of interest and poor understanding of monetary policy, Congress has expressed essentially no concern about the significant change in reporting statistics on the money supply.
    "Beginning in March [2008 -- compiler], though planned before Bernanke arrived at the Fed, the central bank discontinued compiling and reporting the monetary aggregate known as M3. M3 is the best description of how quickly the Fed is creating new money and credit. Common sense tells us that a government central bank creating new money out of thin air depreciates the value of each dollar in circulation. Yet this report is no longer available to us and Congress makes no demands to receive it. . . . [could this complex policy issue also be the Feds' "solution" to the impending financial crisis in Social Security fund? -- compiler]
    "A soaring gold price is a vote of -- no confidence -- in the central bank and the dollar. This certainly was the case in 1979 and 1980. Today, gold prices reflect a growing restlessness with the increasing money supply, our budgetary and trade deficits, our unfunded liabilities, and the inability of Congress and the administration to rein in runaway spending. . . .
    "Special interest groups, who vigorously compete for federal dollars, want to perpetuate the system rather than admit to a dangerous addiction. Those who champion welfare for the poor, entitlements for the middle class, or war contracts for the military industrial corporations, all agree on the so-called benefits bestowed by the Fed's power to counterfeit fiat money. Bankers, who benefit from our fractional reserve system, likewise never criticize the Fed, especially since it's the lender of last resort that bails out financial institutions when crises arise. And it's true, special interests and bankers do benefit from the Fed, and may well get bailed out -- just as we saw with the Long-Term Capital Management fund crisis a few years ago. In the past, companies like Lockheed and Chrysler benefited as well. But what the Fed cannot do is guarantee the market will maintain trust in the worthiness of the dollar. Current policy guarantees that the integrity of the dollar will be undermined. Exactly when this will occur, and the extent of the resulting damage to the financial system, cannot be known for sure -- but it is coming. There are plenty of indications already on the horizon.
    "Foreign policy plays a significant role in the economy and the value of the dollar. A foreign policy of militarism and empire building cannot be supported through direct taxation. The American people would never tolerate the taxes required to pay immediately for overseas wars, under the discipline of a gold standard. Borrowing and creating new money is much more politically palatable. It hides and delays the real costs of war, and the people are lulled into complacency -- especially since the wars we fight are couched in terms of patriotism, spreading the ideas of freedom, and stamping out terrorism. Unnecessary wars and fiat currencies go hand-in-hand, while a gold standard encourages a sensible foreign policy.
    "The cost of war is enormously detrimental; it significantly contributes to the economic instability of the nation by boosting spending, deficits, and inflation. Funds used for war are funds that could have remained in the productive economy to raise the standard of living of Americans now unemployed, underemployed, or barely living on the margin. . . ." and so forth (another 2495 words follow) -- Ron Paul in What the Price of Gold Is Telling Us
    "Dr. Paul is the author of several books, including CHALLENGE TO LIBERTY; THE CASE FOR GOLD; and A REPUBLIC, IF YOU CAN KEEP IT. He has been a distinguished counselor to the Ludwig von Mises Institute, and is widely quoted by scholars and writers in the fields of monetary policy, banking, and political economy. He has received many awards and honors during his career in Congress, from organizations such as the National Taxpayers Union, Citizens Against Government Waste, the Council for a Competitive Economy, Young Americans for Freedom, and countless others."
    http://www.lewrockwell.com/paul/paul445.html



    Biblical Economics

    It has been said that the only thing the Christian really needs to do is to learn to trust in God, and then to be obedient to him in all things.

    Economics is based on covenant relationships.

    Thou shalt not steal. (Exodus 20:15)

    Thou shalt not covet. (Exodus 20:17)

    John Calvin has been credited with being the founder of capitalism.

    It is quite evident that in all of this Calvin was setting forth a view of free enterprise which is strictly Biblical. Free enterprise is that means adapted for man by which he fulfills the conditions of his stewardship. Enterprise that is truly free is constantly governed by the law of God. -- C. Gregg Singer, "Calvinism and Economic Thought and Practice" in John Calvin: His Roots and Fruits, p. 46

    Capitalization is the accumulation of wealth, the conversion of work, savings, and forethought into tangible working assets. No progress is possible without some measure of capitalization. It is a serious error to assume that socialism and communism are opposed to capitalization or to capitalism; their opposition is simply to private capitalism, but their dedicated policy is to state capitalism. For the state to plan any program of progress, public works, or conquest, work, frugality, and forethought are necessary. The work is exacted from the people by force; the frugality or savings is again forced out of the people by means of wage controls, compulsory savings and bond-buying programs, and slave labor, the forethought is provided by the state planners.
    To return to the matter of capitalization, capitalization in a society requires a background of faith and character. In every era of history, capitalization is a product of the Puritan disposition, of the willingness to forego present pleasures to accumulate some wealth for future purposes. Where there is no character, there is no capitalization but rather decapitalization, the steady depletion of wealth. Society becomes consumption centered rather than productive, and it begins to decapitalize the centuries-rich inheritance which surrounds it.
    Thus, decapitalization is preceded always by a breakdown of faith and character. Where men feel that private happiness is man's purpose and goal rather than serving and glorifying God, and finding joy in Him, where men feel that life owes them something rather than seeing themselves as debtors to God, and where men feel called to fulfill themselves apart from God rather than in Him, there society is in rapid process of decapitalization." -- Rousas John Rushdoony, The Institutes of Biblical Law, 1973 edition, p. 522-524

    It is possible to speak of the studied irrelevance of much preaching and comment on Scripture. A law of central importance to the monetary and economic morality of a nation is treated casually or not at all. -- Rousas John Rushdoony, in Institutes of Biblical Law, p. 468

    Reformed scholars attribute recurring, national, economic depression to broad scale immorality, in other words, unethical business practices, or, fleecing one's fellowman. In one sense all ten commandments of The Decalogue address covetousness in human nature. And the 10th is a summary of the previous nine. (Tyler Flynn)

    The Biblical doctrine of sin forbids the optimistic conclusion of Adam Smith [THE WEALTH OF NATIONS -- compiler], and the laissez faire school of economic thought. -- Singer, C. Gregg, "Calvinism and Economic Thought and Practice" in John Calvin: His Roots and Fruits, p. 46

    Planned economies do not work, because they fail to take into account man's sinfulness. -- Reader's Comment on The Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith

    Conservatism is a political philosophy that professes to be practical and grounded in reality -- not in ideological or utopian dream worlds -- yet it cannot furnish a coherent answer to a very practical question: What is the proper punishment for a thief? Even ignoring the big questions -- What is the ideal government? Is there an ideal government? Is any government justified? What is the proper relationship between church and state? -- conservatism cannot answer a small question. If conservatism cannot offer a justified answer to a small question, it probably cannot answer larger questions. -- John W. Robbins in Conservatism: An Autopsy

    No corporation on earth comes close to the accounting fraud practiced year after year by the Federal Government. In fact, there is no real accountability at all for the trillions in tax dollars raised and spent annually by Congress and our entrenched Federal Agencies. The official 'accounting' that does take place is a sham. Every year Congress creates a meaningless budget, the Fed prints phony money, the Budget Office issues false revenue forecasts, and the Administrative Agencies waste billions in the most unproductive ways imaginable. Literally tens of billions of dollars go unaccounted for every year, simply disappearing down bureaucratic black holes. [and the banking system is controlled by the Federal Reserve -- compiler]. This hardly represents a standard against which corporations should be judged! -- Texas Congressman, Ron Paul in What About Government Accountability?

    I believe it is high time America quit sacrificing our moral health at the altar of economic strength. By continuing to put financial considerations before morality, we are producing a nation that is rich, but has completely seared its conscience and can't even enjoy the fruit of our labor anymore. We have become a nation that doesn't know how to blush, and our children are the ones who are paying the price. -- Rusty Lee Thomas

    The powerful and wealthy conceal theft, of course, by economic and legal games, the game rules being of their own making.
    For example, (1) A ten percent capitalization rate on residential rental property results in a profit of 100 percent over a ten year period, based on the current market price of the property. In other words, after ten years of renting the owner has recovered the entire cost of the property, and he still owns the property at an appreciated market value, making residential rental property one of the most lucrative investments possible. (2) The cost of building a new home is just a fraction of the market value of the property, the balance is a windfall profit to the developer. Some of the reasons for the inflated market value follow. (3) The Federal Government of the United States of America is the largest business enterprise in the world. It is run by politicians who, for the most part, are businessmen and lawyers, not scholars and statesmen. They can sit down at a table together for 20 minutes and write a multi-million dollar budget. They are accountable to practically no one. (4) The cost of living is high in big cities because, among other reasons, after the multi-million dollar budget is written by the politicians, then taxes and assessments are increased to pay for it. By raising property assessments to generate revenue, the cost of real estate simultaneously increases, and it follows that the cost of all goods go up. (5) All these changes, increasing taxes, assessments, market values of real estate, costs of goods, and the resulting inflation, all these changes profit the wealthy property owners and business owners who simply pass on tax increases and higher costs to the consumer. (6) The banking system, money, is controlled by The Federal Reserve System, which in turn is run by unelected officials, veteran leaders of corporate investment banks, who control the amount of money in the economy and interest costs. Generally speaking, this amounts to a complete monopoly over the economy and value of the dollar. (7) The principles of accounting being used today have generally remained essentially unchanged since the Feudal Age, 600 years ago, principles of accounting which allowed a few wealthy noblemen to lived in luxury at the expense of the masses. (8) And so forth, and so on. This is just a very, very brief and general overview of some of the games being played, and how the powerful and wealthy game the system. For more details on things you may not have learned in the public education system see other book-length works in this topical listing.
    The middle and lower classes are, for the most part, uneducated and ignorant of the extent of the games, therefore, they do not fully understand how they are being fleeced by the "Aristocracy of Wealth."
    Meanwhile, many of the unregenerate members of society, who by their human nature are unable to trust in The Triune God to "place a table before them." That is to say, they are unable to trust in God to provide for all their needs, just, as recorded in Genesis and Exodus, he set his people free from bondage, fought against their enemies and gave them victory, guided them through the Wilderness, daily feed them with manna from heaven, and then gave them the Promised Land of Canaan.
    Regrettably, unregenerate men, not able to trust in the Faithfulness of a Covenant God, become "flesh-pleasers." They are all too willing to trust in man, all too ready to submit to the influence of the powerful and the wealthy, welcoming them and their "games" with open arms, and with great enthusiasm, in hopes of securing their fleshly desires.
    Regrettably, these unregenerate men, these "Cains," are all too often both incompetent and corrupt, are all too often in the majority, and all too often seize political and economic power.
    All to often unregenerate men are willing to submit to the influence of the powerful and the wealthy, as opposed to submitting to the influence of the Faithful, Triune God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, who has covenanted to be their God, to redeem them from their rebellious, Fallen State, and to show them "The Way, the Truth, and the Life," both temporal and eternal.
    The Ten Commandments are, of course, the "constitution" of that covenant between God and man. Notice that all Ten Commandments speak to covetousness, and the tenth summarizes all that is not to be coveted in the second table, commandments four through ten.
    Consequently the world is subject to repeating economic depression and collapse caused by immoral rule, the covetousness, incompetence, and corruption of the Cains in political and economic power.

    Labor is prior to, and independent of, capital. Capital is only the fruit of labor, and could never have existed if labor had not first existed. Labor is the superior of capital, and deserves much the higher consideration. -- Abraham Lincoln, December 3, 1861, First Annual Message to Congress

    Interestingly the decade (1850-1860), before the War Between the States, was a decade of unprecedented industrial growth and growing prosperity, which lead to economic depression in 1857. War began in 1860.

    Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty. "It is the common fate of the indolent to see their rights become a prey to the active. The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt." -- John Philpot Curran, Speech Upon the Right of Election, 1790. (Speeches. Dublin, 1808.)

    Do unto others as you would have others do unto you. -- The Golden Rule

    *Bastiat, Frederic (1801-1850), The Law. A Christian classic. Considered to be among the ten greatest books in the English language.
    "Full of truths that are not merely relevant, but are absolutely vital to our future." -- Dick Armey
    "If ever there was a concise and powerful argument for defending Liberty and the Law against every social engineer, this has to be it (only 75 pages!). Bastiat is a master of words and the analogy. Every lover of freedom who wishes to get a nutshell understanding of why Liberty and Law matters ought to read this book. . . ." -- Reader's Comment
    The Law, by Frederic Bastiat (Part 1 of 10)
    "The law perverted! And the police powers of the state perverted along with it! The law, I say, not only turned from its proper purpose but made to follow an entirely contrary purpose! The law become the weapon of every kind of greed! Instead of checking crime, the law itself guilty of the evils it is supposed to punish! " -- Frederic Bastiat, from the Introduction
    The Law, Frederic Bastiat
    http://archive.org/details/law00fredguat

    Bastiat, Frederic (1801-1850), Selected Essays in Political Economy, ISBN: 0910614156 9780910614153.
    "He was the most uncompromisingly consistent advocate of laissez-faire in the 19th Century -- and the most quotable! Here, in a single volume, are this great political economist's most brilliant writings. They include his immortal classic, 'The Law,' as well as such unforgettable essays as 'The State,' 'What Is Seen and What Is Not Seen,' 'Property and Plunder,' 'Declaration of War Against the Professors of Political Economy' and many others. An intellectual feast! With an Introduction by Nobel Laureate Friedrich Hayek." -- Publisher

    Beisner, E. Calvin, Prosperity and Poverty: The Compassionate Use of Resources in a World of Scarcity, ISBN: 1579108083 9781579108083.
    "E. Calvin Beisner here looks at all the same assumptions that Austrian economics [Libertarians -- compiler], does, though from a biblical perspective. He reasons in more or less the same way; one thing that impressed me about this work, though, is how efficient he is at getting to some rather important conclusions such as: the free market is the most efficient and best way to determine prices. Therefore, to allow any other entity to determine prices (such as the government), is a misuse of resources, and therefore disobeying the Dominion Mandate set forth in Genesis.
    "This work, though building on the work of other economists such as Ludwig von Mises and Eugene von Bohm-Bawerk, represents the close of communism, and all done from the Christian worldview. Highly recommended! " -- Reader's Comment

    Bethell, Tom, Noblest Triumph: Property and Prosperity Through the Ages, ISBN: 0312223374 9780312223373.
    "The phenomenal success of Western civilization and the remarkable economic expansion fueled by modern capitalism, says Tom Bethell, depend chiefly [see "Christ's Influence on Western Civilization," "The Ten Commandments," Robbins, Christ and Civilization, Smith's The Wealth of Nations, and so forth -- compiler], on the institution of private property and the development of secure property rights, yet this simple, striking idea is misunderstood by elite opinion leaders in the United States and around the world. Bethell, a reporter for the American Spectator, offers a history of property as an idea and a reality around the world. His sweeping narrative will appeal to fans of David Landes's THE WEALTH AND POVERTY OF NATIONS and Jared Diamond's GUNS, GERMS, AND STEEL. Yet, in many crucial respects, THE NOBLEST TRIUMPH (the title comes from British philosopher Jeremy Bentham's line that property laws represent 'the noblest triumph of humanity over itself'), is better than both, displaying a keener understanding of human nature and of how incentives shape behavior. In a chapter sure to inspire controversy, Bethell argues that the Irish potato famines of the 1840s were due primarily to Ireland's lack of stable property rights in the 19th century. Full of astute observations and written with real clarity, THE NOBLEST TRIUMPH makes a unique and welcome contribution to the debate over why some countries thrive while others languish." -- John J. Miller

    Burkett, Larry, What the Bible Says About Money: A Topical Concordance Containing Every Verse in the Bible Related to Money and Personal Financial Matters, ISBN: 0943497752 9780943497754.
    "This is actually a 'topical concordance' to every verse in the Bible relating to money and personal financial matters. A valuable reference and study tool for pastors, students, teachers and all serious Christians." -- GCB

    Carson, Thomas, Mary Bonk, Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History, ISBN: 0787677264 9780787677268 0787638889 9780787638887 0787638897 9780787638894 0787638900 9780787638900.

    Chalmers, Thomas (1780-1847), Application of Christianity to the Commercial and Ordinary Affairs of Life (1853). Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #21.

    Chamberlain, John, The Roots of Capitalism, ISBN: 0913966231 9780913966235.

    Chilton, David, Productive Christians in an Age of Guilt Manipulators: A Biblical Response to Ronald J. Sider, ISBN: 0930464001 9780930464004.

    Clouse, Robert G., William E. Diehl, et al., Wealth and Poverty: Four Christian Views of Economics, ISBN: 0877843473 9780877843474.

    Coral Ridge Ministries, Economic Manifesto. A call to America's Leaders: Reverse our Nation's Disastrous Economic Policies! (Fort Lauderdale, FL: Coral Ridge Ministries).
    "You shall not steal (Exodus 20:15 NJKV), applies to government, just as it does to private individuals. Tax policy to redistribute income, to take from the rich and give to the poor, and economic policy to steal from everyone to bail out the rich, amounts to 'legalized theft' and violates God's law.
    "Socialism threatens freedom.
    "Man is sinful (Genesis 3, Romans 3:23), and any system that places economic and political power in the hands of a few is a threat to liberty. Socialism concentrates economic authority in government and empowers politicians to impose their will and 'wisdom' on the marketplace by force of law.
    "Government should not play favorites.
    "The proper role of government is to ensure a level playing field by providing equal justice to all. Federal policy should favor neither poor nor rich: You shall not be partial to the poor, nor honor the person of the mighty." (Leviticus 19:15 NKJV) -- Coral Ridge Ministries
    https://store.coralridge.org/_layouts/CRMCommon/pages/Economic%20Manifesto.htm

    Cunningham, William (1805-1861), The Mercantile System.

    Cunningham, William, (1805-1861), Modern Civilisation in Some of its Economic Aspects.

    Davis, John Jefferson, Your Wealth in God's World: Does the Bible Support the Free Market? ISBN: 087552219X 9780875522197.

    *Galbraith, James, The Predator State: How Conservatives Abandoned the Free Market and why Liberals Should too, ISBN: 141656683X 978-1416566830
    "Shows how to break the spell that conservatives have cast over the minds of liberals (and everyone else), for many years." -- Joseph E. Stiglitz, Nobel Laureate in Economic Sciences (2001)
    "The cult of the free market has dominated economic policy-talk since the Reagan revolution of nearly thirty years ago. Tax cuts and small government, monetarism, balanced budgets, deregulation, and free trade are the core elements of this dogma, a dogma so successful that even many liberals accept it. But a funny thing happened on the bridge to the twenty-first century. While liberals continue to bow before the free-market altar, conservatives in the style of George W. Bush have abandoned it altogether. That is why principled conservatives -- the Reagan true believers -- long ago abandoned Bush.
    "Enter James K. Galbraith, the iconoclastic economist. In this riveting book, Galbraith first dissects the stale remains of Reaganism and shows how Bush and company had no choice except to dump them into the trash. He then explores the true nature of the Bush regime: a 'corporate republic,' bringing the methods and mentality of big business to public life; a coalition of lobbies, doing the bidding of clients in the oil, mining, military, pharmaceutical, agribusiness, insurance, and media industries; and a predator state, intent not on reducing government but rather on diverting public cash into private hands. In plain English, the Republican Party has been hijacked by political leaders who long since stopped caring if reality conformed to their message.
    "Galbraith follows with an impertinent question: if conservatives no longer take free markets seriously, why should liberals? Why keep liberal thought in the straitjacket of pay-as-you-go, of assigning inflation control to the Federal Reserve, of attempting to 'make markets work'? Why not build a new economic policy based on what is really happening in this country?
    "The real economy is not a free-market economy. It is a complex combination of private and public institutions, including Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid, higher education, the housing finance system, and a vast federal research establishment. The real problems and challenges -- inequality, climate change, the infrastructure deficit, the subprime crisis, and the future of the dollar -- are problems that cannot be solved by incantations about the market. They will be solved only with planning, with standards and other policies that transcend and even transform markets.
    "A timely, provocative work whose message will endure beyond this election season, THE PREDATOR STATE will appeal to the broad audience of thoughtful Americans who wish to understand the forces at work in our economy and culture and who seek to live in a nation that is both prosperous and progressive." -- Publisher
    "James Galbraith has written an extremely challenging book. Although its principal target is conservative economics, it is no less critical of conventional liberalism. Galbraith correctly recognizes that today both approaches are intellectually bankrupt and incapable of addressing the nation's pressing economic problems. I hope The Predator State stimulates needed debate among both liberals and conservatives on the mistakes both sides have made that have gotten us to where we are now." -- Bruce Bartlett, author of Impostor: How George W. Bush Bankrupted America and Betrayed the Reagan Legacy

    *Grant, George, Bringing in the Sheaves: Transforming Poverty Into Productivity, ISBN: 0915815036 9780915815036 0915815044 9780915815043. Alternate title: PRAYING IN THE SHEAVES: TRANSFORMING POVERTY INTO PRODUCTIVITY.
    "The Biblical mandate is to care for the poor, the oppressed, and the disenfranchised -- to take the salve of Gospel love to the stranger, the hungry, and the misbegotten. Rev. Grant knows the dismal failures and the Biblical solutions. He believes the Bible and the blueprint it offers can transform poverty into productivity. Unlike most other books on poverty, it is not primarily theory; it is primarily practice, Biblical practice. This is the single most helpful book on the subject." -- Publisher

    Grant, George, The Dispossessed: Homelessness in America, ISBN: 0891074112 9780891074113.
    "Grant has a solution to the problem of the homeless that really works. How does he know his ideas work; he practices them. He says that the Bible speaks directly to this problem. The answer is not more government control. His ideas on homelessness and social policy are really different." -- Publisher
    Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
    http://www.freebooks.com/

    Grant, George, with Gary North (general editor), In the Shadow of Plenty: Biblical Principles of Welfare and Poverty.
    "The Bible tells us what to do, when, where, how, and why. It offers us a 'blueprint' for victory over poverty. The SHADOW OF PLENTY lays out that 'blueprint' simply, practically, and understandably." -- Publisher
    Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
    http://www.freebooks.com/

    Griffiths, Brian, The Creation of Wealth: A Christian's Case for Capitalism, ISBN: 0877845662: 9780877845669.
    "Few people have attempted a Biblical approach to economics. Griffiths considers the theological implications after divesting contemporary theories of their humanistic values. The result is a major step forward and the proposal of solutions to the abuses that presently prevail." -- Cyril J. Barber

    Hemminge, Nicholas, A Learned and Fruitful Commentary Upon the Epistle of James, the Apostle, wherein are diligently and profitably entreated all such matters and chief common places of religion as are touched in the same Epistle, including a detailed section on contracts and bargains, borrowing and selling, usury, lending, and the right use of the goods of the church, as well as many more related topics, 1577.

    Hayek, Friedrich A., The Road to Serfdom, ISBN: 0415035287.
    "A modern restatement of the great conflict between liberty and authority." -- Publisher
    "This classic by one of the 20th century's leading libertarian thinkers has established itself beside the works of Orwell and others as a timeless meditation on the relationship between human freedom and government authority. Hayek argues that empowering government with increasing economic control leads not to utopia but to horrors such those seen in Nazi Germany.
    "Hayek describes the world in 1944, alarmed by the rising ideas of the 'inevitable' trends to economic planning and centralization, pointing out the path that leads to totalitarian regimes. He says that socialism, fascism and nazism are 'species' of collectivisation which don't differ in their nature.
    "In his book he tries to prove that in searching for security, governments can start to plan economic activities and, as this power grows, embark in building a society where every aspect of people's daily life was previously decided by the desire of a planner, because 'economic control is the control of the means for all our ends.'
    "Hayek's work was a sort of bible for the neo-liberal era inaugurated by Thatcher and Reagan in the 80's and, although he explicitly opposes to the 19th century 'laissez-faire' economy, in many paragraphs he seems very "nostalgic" about it.
    "It is maybe one of the best counterparts of Marx's THE CAPITAL and, thus, a must-read for any socialist or communist (as Marx is a must-read for every capitalist), in order to widen your knowledge of economics and to come to a better conclusion about defining your political beliefs. -- Reader's Comment
    "I was introduced to Friedrich von Hayek through reading Thomas Sowell. And I decided to read this book because it was a highly recommended read in the Freedom's Nest Website Reading List. . . .
    "In a totalitarian state, it is always the ruthless and the unsophisticated who ascend to the top. Extensive governmental control harms the society not just in delivering dismal economic results, but, more seriously, it produces a psychological change, an alteration in the character of the people.
    "This little book was said to have had definitive influence on such giants as Churchill, Thatcher, Reagan and many others. Perhaps the book's influence was best attested to by its being banned in the USSR, China and many other totalitarian countries." -- Reader's Comment

    Hodge, Ian, Baptized Inflation: A Critique of 'Christian' Keynesianism, ISBN: 0930464087 9780930464080.
    "This book is a refutation of the writings of Douglas Vickers. But it is more than this. It is a Bible-based critique of the monstrous lies of Keynesian economics, and written in clear language, unlike the books of Keynes and Vickers. It also sets forth the Biblical case for the free market economy." -- Publisher
    Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
    http://www.freebooks.com/

    Kennedy, D. James, (1930-2007), The Mortgaging of America, ISBN: 9781929626038 1929626037.
    "The stock market is down. Unemployment is up. And Congress is furiously spending taxpayer dollars to 'bail out' our ailing economy.
    "We are in a time of economic trouble. One in which America desperately needs the timeless truths of God's Word.
    "These messages from Dr. D. James Kennedy offer enduring biblical wisdom that transcends today's frightening headlines and give both understanding and hope.
    "THE MORTGAGING OF AMERICA presents Dr. Kennedy's warning about the dangers of socialism, a failed economic system now gaining popularity on Capitol Hill. It also gives readers biblical perspective on economics, the nature and reason for work-the difference between justice and charity -- and the way in which the concept of 'social justice' has led to America's welfare state mentality.
    "The perspective, wisdom, and guidance provided in this book reveal the causes of many of our fiscal woes and shed light on the pathway to true economic recovery." -- Publisher

    Lee, Francis Nigel, The Christian Manifesto of 1984: An Answer to the Communist Manifesto of 1848, ISBN: 0949762032 9780949762030.

    Lee, Francis Nigel, Communism, a Christian Evaluation, ISBN: 0949762016 9780949762016.

    Lee, Francis Nigel, Communism Versus Christianity.

    Love, Christopher, (1618-1651), Scripture Rules to be Observed in Buying and Selling. By Mr Christopher Love, Late Minister at Laurence Jury, London. Rules Concerning Buying Commodities. Rules Concerning Selling Commodities, 1653.

    Mises, Ludwig Von, and George Reisman, Epistemological Problems of Economics, ISBN: 0814787576 9780814787571 0814787584 9780814787588.
    Caveat: These are probably libertarian authors.

    Mooney, S.C., Usury: Destroyer of Nations.
    "Nothing quite like this book to be found anywhere which thoroughly covers this important topic of usury (charging interest), from a foundation of God's Word. A definition and history of usury is given along with a survey of Biblical texts and popular excuses for usury. Mooney concludes with a call to repentance." -- GCB
    Includes bibliographical references.

    Nash, Ronald H., Poverty and Wealth: The Christian Debate Over Capitalism, ISBN: 0891074023 9780891074021.
    "This book demonstrates that of all economic systems that are in use on this planet capitalism is the one based on the Bible's whole teaching. Some systems emphasize one teaching of the Bible to the exclusion of the others. True capitalism takes the whole of the Bible into view. Nash is right-on!" -- GCB

    Nelson, Robert H., Reaching for the Heaven on Earth: The Theological Meaning of Economics, ISBN: 0822630249 9780822630241.
    "Nelson has labeled the two great traditions the Roman and the Protestant. Thinkers whom he categorizes as Roman tend to believe deeply in reason, that mankind can improve his lot, find salvation even, by applying reason. Thinkers in the Protestant tradition do not have such faith. They see mankind as depraved and alienated, to be saved by grace or some other force outside its own power. They despair of the institution set up to govern mankind, pointing out that such creations do not perform as intended (that is, as reason might dictate), but willy-nilly. They become bureaucratic, if not corrupt, and need to be overthrown. . . . Nelson is an economist by training, and one of his aims is to show the roots of modern economic ideas in these Roman and Protestant traditions. . . . ." -- Jean A. Briggs

    North, Gary, The Coase Theorem: A Study in Economic Epistemology, ISBN: 0930464613 9780930464615.
    "To those who may wonder if Gary North is qualified to speak on this subject have no fear, he is. His training and study in economics, adjusted by his study of the Bible . . . provide a rather different view." -- GCB
    Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
    http://www.freebooks.com/

    North, Gary, Leviticus: An Economic Commentary, ISBN: 0930464729 9780930464721.

    North, Gary, Marx's Religion of Revolution: Regeneration Through Chaos, ISBN: 093046415X 9780930464158.
    "Primarily Karl Marx was a man filled with the hatred for God and for humanity and only secondarily an economic theorist, according to Dr. North. This book, first published in 1968, returns to print in our day of 'liberation theology' which is gaining support in surprising areas of Christendom." -- GCB
    Includes bibliography.
    Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
    http://www.freebooks.com/

    North, Gary, The Pirate Economy, ISBN: 0930462254 9780930462253.
    Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
    http://www.freebooks.com/

    North, Gary, Puritan Economic Experiments, ISBN: 0930464141 9780930464141.

    North, Gary, Salvation Through Inflation: The Economics of Social Credit, ISBN: 0930464648 9780930464646 0930464664 9780930464660.
    Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
    http://www.freebooks.com/

    North, Gary, The Sinai Strategy: Economics And The Ten Commandments, ISBN: 0930464079 9780930464073.
    "A detailed exploration of the Ten Commandments and their social, political and especially, economic implications for all of mankind. Nations in which the Bible is freely preached tend to adopt a free market economy. The capitalism vs. socialism controversy is really God vs. Satan." -- GCB
    Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
    http://www.freebooks.com/

    North, Gary, Successful Investing in an Age of Envy, ISBN: 0930462084 9780930462086.
    Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
    http://www.freebooks.com/

    North, Gary, Tithing and the Church, ISBN: 0930464699 9780930464691 0930464702 9780930464707.

    North, Gary, Treasure and Dominion: An Economic Commentary on Luke.
    "This judicial schizophrenia of modern Christians has led to their political and cultural paralysis. Their paralysis has led either to their persecution or their marginalization politically. In the case of marginalization, most of them have praised the result. . . .
    "In Luke's Gospel, Jesus is most adamant about the dangers of riches. If long-term economic growth is the supreme evidence of God's common grace in modern history, as free market economists would insist that it is if they believed in either God or common grace, then why does the Gospel of Luke display such hostility to riches? I do my best to answer this question in this commentary. -- Preface
    http://www.garynorth.com/public/467.cfm

    Penney, J.C., Christian Principles in Business.
    "Wise men do not light a candle and place it under a bushel. Life's greatest benefactions -- intelligence, liberty, religion -- are for dissemination. There can be no moral justification for withholding the benefits that result from a wise distribution of knowledge.
    "Liberty, that one priceless boon for which all men yearn, thrives only in the light. It must be proclaimed and practiced to be enjoyed and appreciated by all.
    "Religion was never intended for self-gratification. It must be turned loose upon the world, and the more unconsciously that loosening process takes place, the more beneficial its results.
    "Christ declared that He was the Light of the world. Religion must scatter that Light or fail in the accomplishment of its supreme mission." -- J.C. Penney

    *Perkins, William (1558-1602), The True Gaine More in Worth Than all the Goods in the World, 1601. Alternate title: CHRIST THE TRUE AND PERFECT GAINE.

    *Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Ecclesiastical Megalomania: The Economic and Political Thought of the Roman Catholic Church, ISBN: 0940931753 9780940931756.
    "This book is a detailed examination of the official statements of the Vatican on economic and political matters. It demonstrates the collectivism and totalitarianism of the Roman Catholic Church-State. It is the only such book written by a Christian in the twentieth century.
    "This book explores the conflict between Roman Catholic social thought and human freedom, relying on official pronouncements from the Vatican to show that the political and economic theory of the Roman Church-State justifies feudalism, corporativism, liberation theology, the welfare state, and fascism.
    "Dr. John W. Robbins attended Grove City College (A.B. 1969), and The Johns Hopkins University (M.A. 1970, Ph.D. 1973). He has served as chief of staff for a Member of Congress [Ron Paul of Texas], editor of The Freeman magazine, Economist for The Heritage Foundation, and Professor of Political Philosophy in The Freedom School." -- Publisher
    Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Knox, Samuel Rutherford, John Owen, Thomas Manton, The Westminster Assembly, James Renwick, Archibald Mason, Christopher Ness, Francis Turretin, The Reformed Presbytery, David Steel, James R. Willson, Alexander M'Leod, William L. Roberts, James Aiken Wylie, Andrew Wilet, Henry Wilkinson, James Wylie, Patrick Fairbairn, James Aiken, Andrew Wilet, Alexander Hislop, Francis Nigel Lee, Arthur W. Pink, and so forth, and so on, have all believed and argued in print that the seated Pope is the Antichrist of the Bible.
    The Roman Church-State is "the world's oldest, largest, most powerful and most influential politico-ecclesiastical institution" and it "may also be the world's wealthiest." The Roman Catholic Institution is the ultimate "negative guide to the positive," the reformers ultimate "opposite guide to political and economic reform."

    *Robbins, John (1949-2008), Freedom and Capitalism: Essays on Christian Politics and Economics, ISBN: 1891777157 9781891777158.
    "The relationship between Christianity, freedom, and capitalism has been a subject of scholarly study for centuries. In this volume, John Robbins argues that political and economic freedom are the results of Biblical Christianity. Political freedom and capitalism arose in Northwestern Europe and North America after the Christian Reformation of the 16th Century, and they are unique in world history. The nations and peoples that heard and accepted the Gospel of Jesus Christ as proclaimed by the Reformers quickly became free and prosperous on a scale previously unimaginable. Some historians and economists have denied any causal connection between Christianity, freedom, and capitalism, but they are able to deny this connection only by ignoring clear philosophical, economic, legal, sociological, and historical evidence demonstrating that Christianity is the source of capitalism.
    "Dr. John W. Robbins attended Grove City College (A.B. 1969), and The Johns Hopkins University (M.A. 1970, Ph.D. 1973). He has served as chief of staff for a Member of Congress, editor of The Freeman magazine, Economist for The Heritage Foundation, and Professor of Political Philosophy in The Freedom School." -- Publisher
    Table of Contents: Foreword | Politics | The Founder of Western Civilization | The Sine Qua Non of Enduring Freedom | Some Problems with Natural Law | The Political Philosophy of the Founding Fathers | The Bible and the Draft | The Messianic Character of American Foreign Policy | Truth and Foreign Policy | Compassionate Fascism | Conservatism: An Autopsy | Rightwing Radical Chic | The Reconstructionist Assault on Freedom | Roman Catholic Totalitarianism | The Relation of Church and State (Charles Hodge) | Abortion, the Christian, and the State | The Ethics and Economics of Health Care | The Chickens' Homecoming (John Whitehead) | The Coming Caesars (John Whitehead) | Rebuilding American Freedom in the Twenty-first Century | The Religious Wars of the Twenty-First Century
    Economics: The Failure of Secular Economics | The Promise of Christian Economics | Teaching Economics from the Bible | The Neo-Evangelical Assault on Capitalism | The Reformed Assault on Capitalism | The Roman Catholic Assault on Capitalism | How Romanism Ruined America | Not Yours to Give (Edward Ellis) | Money, Freedom, and the Bible | The Case Against Indexation | Is Christianity Tied to Any Political or Economic System? | Ecology: The Abolition of Man | Scripture Index | Index | The Crisis of Our Time | Intellectual Ammunition

    *Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), The Grand Inquisitor's Second Coming.
    "Totalitarianism is historically the most prevalent form of human government, from the tribal society in which all activities are regulated by the tribe or its rulers, the council, and witch doctor, to the totalitarianism of the Middle Ages when the Roman Church ruled all of life. . . . It is these more enduring forms of totalitarianism that will still be with us when the ghosts of Marx and Lenin are finally busted. . . . It is this new religiosity that will threaten the political, economic, religious, and social freedom of men in the twenty-first century. . . ." -- John W. Robbins
    See: The Grand Inquisitor, Fyodor Dostoyevsky
    http://www.trinityfoundation.org/reviews/journal.asp?ID=070a.html

    *Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Money, Freedom and the Bible.
    "Paul does not regard government as provider of income, health care, education, national parks, money, or any of the other services common to our modern welfare states; its function is quite simple: to punish wrongdoers." A lecture given at the Gold Standard Corporation Conference, August 1989.

    Rockwell, Llewellyn H. Jr., Speaking of Liberty, ISBN: 0945466382 9780945466383.
    "Ludwig von Mises said that teaching the public was just as important as addressing scholars -- maybe more so. That is what Lew Rockwell specializes in: history and theory and analysis in defense of the free society, written in clear prose to reach a broad audience. Rockwell's new book is as pro-liberty as it is brutally critical of government. It is relentlessly forthright yet hopeful about the prospects for liberty. It is rigorous enough to withstand the enemy's closest scrutiny, and chock full of the energy and enthusiasm that will keep you reading.
    "SPEAKING OF LIBERTY is a collection of speeches delivered by Rockwell over a period of ten years. The book begins with economics, and explains why Austrian economics matters, how the Federal Reserve brings on the business cycle, why we need private property and free enterprise, the unrecognized glories of the capitalist economy, and why the gold standard is still the best monetary system. Other sections deal with war, Mises and his work, other important thinkers in the libertarian tradition, and the culture and morality of liberty.
    "The book is united by a set of fixed principles: the corruption of politics, the universality and immutability of the ideas of freedom, the centrality of sound money and free enterprise, the moral imperative of peace and trade, the importance of hope and tenacity in the struggle for liberty, and the need for everyone to join the intellectual fight. We all have searched for the book we could give to friends and neighbors, business associates and family members, to explain why we believe in the cause of liberty. SPEAKING OF LIBERTY is that book." -- Publisher

    Rose, Tom, Economics: The American Economy From a Christian Perspective, ISBN: 0961219807 9780961219802.

    Rose, Tom, Economics: Principles and Policy From a Christian Perspective, ISBN: 0915134225 9780915134229.
    "This book covers the nature of economics and the nature of man, the Bible and economics, basic economics, the distribution and market system, and more. Here is a good place to start for a proper understanding of money. Could easily be used as a textbook." -- GCB

    Rothbard, Murray N., What has Government Done to our Money, ISBN: 0945466102 9780945466109.
    "Rothbard's most famous monetary essay. It has appeared in multiple editions and influenced two generations of economists, investors, and businessmen. After presenting the basics of money and banking theory, he traces the decline of the dollar from the 18th century to the present, and provides lucid critiques of central banking, New Deal monetary policy, Nixonian fiat money, and fixed exchange rates. He also provides a blueprint for a return to a 100 percent reserve gold standard." -- Publisher

    *Rushdoony, Rousas J., (1916-2001), Institutes of Biblical Law, 3 volumes, ISBN: 1879998130. Available through Exodus Books.
    Volume 1, Institutes of Biblical Law, ISBN: 0875524109.
    "A monumental volume . . . Deeply explores the meaning and application of the Ten Commandments for today in civil government, social ethics, and personal conduct." -- GCB
    "Many consider this to be the author's most important work. With indices. -- Publisher
    Volume 2, Law and Society, ISBN: 1879998238.
    "The relationship of Biblical Law to communion and community, the sociology of the Sabbath, the family and inheritance, and much more are covered in the second volume. Contains an appendix by Herbert Titus. With indices." -- Publisher
    Volume 3, The Intent of the Law, ISBN: 1879998130.
    " 'God's law is much more than a legal code; it is a covenantal law. It establishes a personal relationship between God and man.' The first section summarizes the case laws. The author tenderly illustrates how the law is for our good, and makes clear the difference between the sacrificial laws and those that apply today. The second section vividly shows the practical implications of the law. The examples catch the reader's attention; the author clearly has had much experience discussing God's law. The third section shows that would-be challengers to God's law produce only poison and death. Only God's law can claim to express God's 'covenant grace in helping us'. With indices." -- Publisher
    Theft: Commentary and Cases of Conscience. A Listing Excerpted From The Institutes of Biblical Law by Rousas John Rushdoony, 1973 edition
    http://www.lettermen2.com/theft.html

    Rushdoony, Rousas J., (1916-2001), The Roots of Inflation.
    "Inflation is only in part and on the surface an economic problem. It is at heart a religious and moral problem. Our world economy is today bankrupt, because the world is morally and religiously bankrupt. This book will help us understand some of the problems." -- GCB

    Rushdoony, Rousas J., (1916-2001), and Edward A. Powell, Tithing and Dominion. Available through Exodus Books.
    "Discusses Biblical tithing, government taxation, and the validity of each. Under the tithe, Powell discusses taxation, first fruits, first-born, the tithe, the social tithe, the rejoicing tithe, the poor tithe, and enforcing God's taxes." -- GCB

    *Singer, C. Gregg, (1910-1999), From Rationalism to Irrationality: The Decline of the Western Mind From the Renaissance to the Present, ISBN: 0875524281 9780875524283, and a reprint of the P&R Publishing edition of 1979 (Wipf and Stock, 2006), 479 pp.
    See "Irrationalism in Economic Thought and Practice," pp. 376-383, "Conclusion: The Recovery of Christian Theism," pp. 411-412, and "The Reconstruction of Economic Life," pp. 425-435.
    "But what does this return to Christian theism mean? First of all, it means that in our private and public economic activities we are stewards of a sovereign God and that our wealth is His. We do not possess it in fee simple, but only as His stewards, and in our acquisition and use of that wealth we are responsible to Him who has created us in His image, the world, and its wealth which He has entrusted to us. This also means that we must sweep aside all the economic philosophies which have emerged out of the Renaissance and the Enlightenment. It means that if we are to recover a sane biblical rationalism in economic affairs, we must ignore all the theories derived from Adam Smith and the Enlightenment, the Manchester school of English thought, Karl Marx, the Christian socialism of ninetheen-century England, and its more modern derivatives, the American version of the Social Gospel movement, the New Deal, the Fair Deal, the New Frontier, the Great Society, and all other programs which are unbiblical in their origins and aims."
    Works of C. Gregg Singer
    http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr3ch.html#cgsinger

    *Singer, C. Gregg, (1910-1999), John Calvin: His Roots and Fruits.
    "What then is the role of the state in economic matters? Is it to stand idly by and take no steps or initiate no policies to defend the poor? The state, in the economic realm, is under a mandate to enforce the moral law and to punish those who break it for the sake of economic gain. It may prevent monopolitstic and other business practices which are contrary to the Biblical ethic, as well as stealing and other forms of dishonesty and may pass laws for this purpose. It is certain that Calvin would support more statutes of this kind than some advocates of free enterprise would tolerate today. In general, however, Calvin agreed that the state had no right to undertake schemes of redistributing wealth in order to achieve economic equality. The legislative taking of wealth under the guise of legality is no less stealing than if it is done by robbers and thieves. Such schemes, rather than being an application of Christian principles, are actually a form of human rebellion against the will of God for the right ordering of society." -- C. Gregg Singer in "Calvinism and Economic Thought and Practice.
    Notes: "Appeared in volume II of THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHRISTIANITY . . . and was later printed by Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company . . . 1967, for their Philosophical and historical studies series."
    Contents: The author; Preface; I The patristic foundations of calvinism; II Calvinism: the summit of reformation theology; III The later history of calvinism; IV Influence of calvinism on western history and culture; V Calvinism and economic thought and practice; VI Calvinism and Philosophy; VII Calvinism and education; VIII Calvinism and social thought and practice; Bibliography.

    Sowell, Thomas, Economic Facts and Fallacies, ISBN: 9780465003495 0465003494.
    "From one of America's most distinguished economists, a short, brilliant and revelatory book: the fundamental ideas people most commonly get wrong about economics, and how to think about the subject better.
    "ECONOMIC FACTS AND FALLACIES exposes some of the most popular fallacies about economic issues -- and does so in a lively manner and without requiring any prior knowledge of economics by the readers. These fallacies include many beliefs widely disseminated in the media and by politicians, such as fallacies about urban problems, income differences, male-female economic differences, as well as economics fallacies about academia, about race, and about Third World countries.
    "One of the themes of ECONOMIC FACTS AND FALLACIES is that fallacies are not simply crazy ideas but in fact have a certain plausibility that gives them their staying power -- and makes careful examination of their flaws both necessary and important, as well as sometimes humorous.
    "Written in the easy to follow style of the author's BASIC ECONOMICS, this latest book is able to go into greater depth, with real world examples, on specific issues.
    "Thomas Sowell has taught economics at a number of colleges and universities, including Cornell University, University of California, Los Angeles and Amherst College. He has published both scholarly and popular articles and books on economics, and is currently a scholar in residence at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University.
    "In this slim volume, Sowell exposes, refutes and debunks six of the major economic fallacies of our time:

    1. Urban Facts and Fallacies
    2. Male-Female Facts and Fallacies
    3. Academic Facts and Fallacies
    4. Income Facts and Fallacies
    5. Racial Facts and Fallacies
    6. Third World Facts and Fallacies
    "As you've probably noticed, these are six of the major flashpoint issues of our times -- and Sowell knocks down the myths and lies the left-wing has worked so hard to spread.
    "For example, Sowell shows how elitists have made the most desirable areas of California unaffordable for all but the very rich through restrictive policies. This results in various hypocrisies, such as driving out poor blacks from places like San Francisco and also contributes to the fallacy of a lack of 'affordable housing.' The latter is not the fault of evil conservatives, but of very selfish left-wingers.
    "Sowell applies his truly formidable knowledge and scalpel-like logic to each of these six fallacies, slicing away the untruths and revealing that the United States is not a nation of massive inequalities, but is in fact still the land of opportunity.
    "As Sowell puts it so well, 'some things are believed because they are demonstrably true. But many things are believed because they are consistent with a widely held vision of the world -- and this vision is accepted as a substitute for facts.' For those willing to learn, Sowell demolishes six major myths here. Would that there were more like Sowell -- and those willing to learn from him." -- Reader's Comment

    *Tocqueville, Alexis de, Seymour Drescher (translator), and Gertrude Himmelfarb (introduction), Memoir on Pauperism, ISBN: 156663167X 9781566631679.
    "In this neglected memoir, written just after the first volume of DEMOCRACY IN AMERICA, Tocqueville seeks to understand why the most impoverished countries of Europe in his time had the fewest paupers, while the most opulent nation -- England -- had the most." -- Publisher

    *Von Mises, Ludwig, Liberty and Property, ISBN: 9781579703783 157970378X.
    "Originally delivered as a lecture at Princeton University, October 1958, at the 9th meeting of the Mont Pelerin Society." Includes bibliographical references.

    *Weber, Max, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism: The Relationship Between Religion and the Economic and Social Life of Modern Culture, ISBN: 0024248606 9780024248602.

    *Witsius, Herman, (1636-1708), The Economy of the Covenants. Alternate title: THE OECONOMY OF THE COVENANTS BETWEEN GOD AND MAN, COMPREHENDING A COMPLETE BODY OF DIVINITY. BY HERMAN WITSIUS, . . . FAITHFULLY TRANSLATED FROM THE LATIN, AND CAREFULLY REVISED, BY WILLIAM CROOKSHANK, D.D. TO WHICH IS PREFIXED THE LIFE OF THE AUTHOR. . . , Vol. 1. Dublin, 1774, 3 Vols., ISBN: 0875528708. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27. A Christian classic.
    Witsius is considered to be the father of Covenant Theology.
    "Witsius (1636-1708), was a Dutch theologian, professor of Divinity at the Universities of Frankes, Utrecht, and Leyden. . . . In the very full introduction by J.I. Packer, you can get a very good overview. And at the same time you will get a succinct but amazingly appropriate overview of the scriptural covenants. . . . Packer compares Witsius to John Owen as a thorough, meticulous scholar who thought through everything before he set his pen to paper. It was this reviewer's blessing to obtain a set of Witsius in his early Christian life, and can testify to much help from them." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    Witsius, Herman, The Economy of the Covenants Between God and Man: Comprehending a Complete Body of Divinity (1837)
    http://archive.org/details/MN41373ucmf_5
    Witsius, Herman, Of Election from ECONOMY OF THE COVENANTS BETWEEN GOD AND MAN
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/gospel/witsius_election.html
    Witsius, Herman, Of Justification, from ECONOMY OF THE COVENANTS BETWEEN GOD AND MAN
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/gospel/witsius_justification.html
    Witsius, Herman, Of the Violation of the Covenant of Works on the Part of Man from ECONOMY OF THE COVENANTS BETWEEN GOD AND MAN
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/gospel/witsius_violation_of_the_Covenant_of_Works.html

    Woodiwiss, Michael, Gangster Capitalism: The United States and the Globalization of Organized Crime, ISBN: 0786716711 9780786716715.
    "Everyone knows what organized crime is. Each year dozens of feature films, hundreds of books, and thousands of news stories explain to an eager public that organized crime is what gangsters do. Closely knit, ethnically distinct, and ruthlessly efficient, these mafias control the drugs trade, people trafficking and other serious crimes. If only states would take the threat seriously and recognize the global nature of modern organized crime, the FBI's success against the Italian mafia could be replicated throughout the world. The wicked trade in addictive drugs could be brought to a halt.
    "The trouble is, as Woodiwiss demonstrates in shocking and surprising detail, what everyone knows about organized crime is pretty much completely wrong. In reality the most important figures in organized crime are employees of multinational companies, politicians and bureaucrats. Gangsters are certainly a problem, but much of their strength comes from attempts to prohibit the market for certain drugs. Even here they are minor players when compared with the intelligence and law enforcement agencies that selectively enforce prohibition and profit from it. Woodiwiss shows how respectable businessmen and revered statesmen have seized these opportunities in an orgy of fraud and illegal violence." -- Reader's Comment

    See also: State sovereignty and corporate immunity: reform of corporations, The banking system, The federal reserve, Conspiracy and corruption, Slavery, our systems of enslavement, economic enslavement, Treason and impeachment, The sabbath, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, Conspiracy and corruption, The banking system, Meltdown 2008, the greatest depression in history, Personal finance, Greed, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Stress, The workplace
    TCRB5: 557-608

    Related WebLinks

    The Trinity Foundation
    http://trinityfoundation.org/

    Theft: Commentary and Cases of Conscience. A Listing Excerpted From The Institutes of Biblical Law by Rousas John Rushdoony, 1973 edition
    http://www.lettermen2.com/theft.html

    *The Fed, Fiat Currency, and Feckless Keynesian Economics, Steven T. Matthews
    The creation of the Fed [The Federal Reserve -- compiler], is "the most tragic blunder ever committed by Congress. The day it [the Federal Reserve Act of 1913] was passed, old America died and a new era began. A new institution was born that was to cause, or greatly contribute to, the unprecedented economic instability in the decades to come." -- Hans F. Sennholz in Money and Freedom, quoted in End the Fed, p. 23
    The Fed, Fiat Currency, and Feckless Keynesian Economics, Steven T. Matthews
    http://www.trinityfoundation.org/journal.php?id=316

    Conservatism: An Autopsy, John W. Robbins
    "Conservatism is a political philosophy that professes to be practical and grounded in reality -- not in ideological or utopian dream worlds -- yet it cannot furnish a coherent answer to a very practical question: What is the proper punishment for a thief? Even ignoring the big questions -- What is the ideal government? Is there an ideal government? Is any government justified? What is the proper relationship between church and state? -- conservatism cannot answer a small question. If conservatism cannot offer a justified answer to a small question, it probably cannot answer larger questions."
    http://www.trinityfoundation.org/journal.php?id=115

    The Puritan Political Heritage
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Puritan Heritage, 47 min.
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=922039503

    Decline (Political, Economic, Cultural), Part 1
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Decline of American Culture
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?ID=819021843

    Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Introduction to Ecomomics, a CD lecture series, The Trinity Foundation Lecture Series.
    This is Collection 1: Introduction to Economics, a series of 10 lectures, including:

    Conference on Christianity and Economics (8 lectures)

    1. The Growth of Government in the United States, John Robbins
    2. The Roots and Fruits of the Environmental Movement, E. Calvin Beisner
    3. The Ministry of the Trinity Foundation, Jack Lannom
    4. The Failure of Secular Economic Theory, John Robbins
    5. The Failure of Secular Economic Policy, Ronald Cooper
    6. Justice and Wealth, E. Calvin Beisner
    7. Christian Economists: Do They Know What They Are Doing? Ronald Cooper
    8. The Promise of Christian Economics, John Robbins

    Christianity and Economics (2 lectures)

    1. Money, Freedom, and the Bible, John Robbins
    2. Teaching Economics From the Bible, John Robbins
    http://www.trinitylectures.org/

    Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Intermediate Economics, a CD lecture series, The Trinity Foundation Lecture Series
    This is Collection 2: Intermediate Economics, a series of 18 lectures by John Robbins, including:

    1. Common Misconceptions About Economics
    2. Historical Definitions
    3. History of Economics
    4. Method and Definitions
    5. The Axiom of Scripture
    6. The Economic Corollaries of the Axiom
    7. Opportunity Cost
    8. Subjective Value
    9. Marginal Utility
    10. The Law of Supply
    11. The Law of Demand
    12. The Functions of Prices
    13. Values -- Moral and Economic
    14. The Ethics of Self-interest and Profit
    15. The Ethics of Competition
    16. Christian Theology
    17. Private Property
    18. Limited Government and Peace
    http://www.trinitylectures.org/


    Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
    http://www.freebooks.com/
    See there additional e-books by Gary North and other on the subject of Christian Economics.

    LewRockwell.com
    http://www.lewrockwell.com/

    Biblical Economics: Its Spiritual, Economic, and Political Aspects, Tom Rose
    http://www.natreformassn.org/statesman/99/bibecon.html

    Three New Testament Roots of Economic Liberty by Howard Ahmanson
    http://www.acton.org/publicat/randl/97jan_feb/ahmanson.html

    Thomas Chalmers Page
    http://www.newble.co.uk/chalmers/

    Judicial Reform Has Economic Benefits
    http://freedom.gov/news/releases/judicial.asp

    The Impact of Judicial Reforms on Economic Activity in Texas by The Perryman Group
    http://www.cse.org/informed/867.html

    Inheritance and Dominion -- Deuteronomy, by Gary North
    http://entrewave.com/freebooks/docs/html/gnde/Chapter43.htm

    What's Wrong With Multi-level Marketing?
    http://www.vandruff.com/mlm.html



    Christian Liberty

    See the Theological Notes, "The Image of God," at Genesis 1:27 in The Reformation Study Bible.

    See the Theological Notes, "Christian Liberty," at Galatians 5:1 in The Reformation Study Bible.

    Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed;
    And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.
    -- The Lord Jesus Christ (John 8:31,32)

    If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed. -- The Lord Jesus Christ (John 8:36)

    But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed. (James 1:25)

    For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men, Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world. (Titus 2:11, 12)

    Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord, According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue. (2 Peter 1:2, 3)

    There is an evident connection between absolute truth, life, moral behavior, freedom (political, economic, and individual), and social stability.

    Jesus alone gives true freedom.

    The roots of liberty and limited government are in the Protestant Reformation. We believe the key to the maintenance of liberty and limited government is to be found in the Scottish covenanting struggle. -- James A. Dodson

    Hold fast to the Bible as the anchor of your liberty. Write its precepts in your heart, and practice them in your lives. -- Ulysses S. Grant

    Christian fellowship should be characterized by spontaneity and freedom.

    Acton, John, E. The History of Freedom and Other Essays, ISBN: 1596052244 9781596052246.

    *Anderson, James N.D., Morality, Law and Grace, ISBN: 0877845468 9780877845461.
    "Faces the pressing problems of the present day and provides perceptive counsel and sane solutions to the moral confusion of our contemporary society. Also underscores the relevancy of the Christian message, the uniqueness of its ethic, and the richness of its liberty. An admirable blending of scientific logic, legal expertise, and Biblical knowledge." -- Cyril J. Barber

    Barrett, C.K., Freedom and Obligation: A Study of the Epistle to the Galatians, ISBN: 0664246621 9780664246624.
    "Writing clearly and succinctly, Barrett argues that Galatians stands at the heart of the New Testament. He introduces Paul's method of theological reflection and analyzes the dispute about freedom within the early church. . . . ." -- CBD

    Black, John, Divine and Human Rights, or, The Westminster Confession and the Constitution of the United States Tested by the Holy Scripture. Found in MISCELLANEOUS, VOL. 6.

    *Blumenfeld, Samuel, Is Public Education Necessary? ISBN: 0815958269 9780815958260.
    "This book tells, for the first time, the story of how and why Americans gave up educational freedom so early in their history for the imagined benefits of state-controlled education. The author delves into a wealth of original sources to reveal how a comparative handful of secularists, who were more concerned with destroying religion than with freeing man, spearheaded the drive toward public education. Centered at Harvard, this nineteenth-century liberal elite worked tirelessly -- and successfully -- to put America on the road to educational statism. By exploring the very roots of the system, this book provides the missing link in our educational history." -- Publisher

    *Bolton (or Boulton), Samuel, and John Cameron (1579?-1625), The True Bounds of Christian Freedom, or A Treatise Wherein the Rights of the law are Vindicated, the Liberties of Grace Maintained, and Severall Late Opinions Against the Law are Examined and Confuted. A Christian classic. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    Samuel Boulton was one of the Westminster Assembly of Divines. He "expounds the nature of Christian liberty and then clearly sets the bounds of that liberty. . . ." -- Publisher

    *Bonar, Horatius, (1808-1889), The Everlasting Righteousness, or How Shall man be Just With God? A Christian classic. Considered to be among the ten greatest books in the English language.
    "First published in 1874, THE EVERLASTING RIGHTEOUSNESS, may be the best book on the doctrine of justification by faith alone ever written.
    "Since the seventeenth century, the church's adherence to the central doctrine of the Christian faith has been weakening; in the twentieth century it has all but disappeared. But to those who remain faithful -- to those who are called of God -- justification by faith alone is the best news there could ever be: that Christ died for our sins, and we shall live forever because of Christ's righteousness.
    "Justification by faith alone -- the 'principal hinge of religion,' according to John Calvin, the 'doctrine by which the church stands or falls,' according to Martin Luther -- is salvation. Without it, all hope is lost; with it, Heaven gained. Bonar's discussion is without equal in the English language." -- John W. Robbins
    The Everlasting Righteousness, Horatius Bonar
    http://books.google.com/books?id=nQMDAAAAQAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

    *Bonar, Horatius, (1808-1889), Free-will A Christian classic.

    *Brown, John (of Edinburgh, 1784-1858), Exposition of Galatians. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "AN EXPOSITION OF THE EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE GALATIANS, by the Rev. Dr. Brown, is a work of deep piety, vast learning, unwearied industry, and sound judgment. The author 'has endeavoured to make this exposition at once a readable book for intelligent Christians, though unacquainted with the sacred languages, and a satisfactory statement of the facts and principles on which the exegesis is based, to critical students of the New Testament'." -- William Pringle, translator of Calvin's Commentary on Galatians.
    "His discussion of the fruit of the Spirit and the fruit of the flesh is very useful. And his discourse on faith, and the duties and responsibilities of those who have the faith that works by love is penetrating and inspiring. This does not duplicate Luther. Brown has original ideas you can use." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    "A refreshing treatment of Paul's letter that has been called the Charter of Christian Liberty. . . ." -- Cyril J. Barber

    *Brutus, Junius (attributed to Philippe Duplessis-Mornay [1549-1623] and sometimes to Hubert Languet [1518-1581]), A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants, ISBN: 0921148453. Alternate title: VINDICIAE, CONTRA TYRANNOS: OR, CONCERNING THE LEGITIMATE POWER OF A PRINCE OVER THE PEOPLE, AND OF THE PEOPLE OVER A PRINCE, Hubert Languet (author) [also attributed to Stephanus Junius Brutus a pseudonym for Philippe Duplessis-Mornay], George Garnett (editor), ISBN: 0521342090 9780521342094. This [ISBN: 0921148453] is a reprint of a 1689 edition of this work, which was originally written in 1579. A Christian classic. Available [ISBN: 0921148453] on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available [ISBN: 0921148453] on Reformation Bookshelf CD #26.
    "Piety commands that the law and church of God be maintained. Justice requires that tyrants and destroyers of the commonwealth be compelled to reason. Charity challenges the right of relieving and restoring the oppressed. Those who make no account of these things do as much as in them lies to drive piety, justice, and charity out of this world, that they may never more be heard of." -- Junius Brutus
    "John Adams held this book to be one of the most influential books in America on the eve of the Revolution. This 'defense' manual will help equip you for the battle." -- Publisher
    "This book was even more influential than Thomas Payne's COMMON SENSE, in molding the American mind and preparing it for the war for independence. Much of our Declaration of Independence reflects its wisdom and thought. Written by a French Huguenot to give Biblical and civil justification for fighting against a government that was illegally killing it own people during the religious wars on France between the 1540s and late 1700. A must reading for those who want to understand religious and political history of Europe, or want to better understand the Biblical justification sought by our own founding fathers in their fight for independence. A must read!" -- Reader's Comment
    Vidiciae Contra Tyrannos: A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants, by Junius Brutus, attributed to Philippe Duplessis-Mornay [1549-1623]
    http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae.htm
    The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
    http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

    *Cole, Franklin P., (introductory essay and biographical sketches), They Preached Liberty, ISBN: 0913966169 9780913966167.
    "An anthology of timely quotations from New England ministers of the American Revolution on the subject of liberty: its source, nature, obligations, types, and blessings." -- Publisher

    Diekema, Anthony J., Academic Freedom and Christian Scholarship, ISBN: 0802847560.
    "This book reflects on the scholarly literature on academic freedom and the personal experience of an educator with 20 years experience as a college president. The book offers a balanced approach which develops a working definition of academic freedom, assesses the threats it faces, acknowledges the significance of academic freedom, and explores educational policy implications for Christian colleges. The chapters are: (1) Introduction; (2) The Search for Definition; (3) Threats to Academic Freedom; (4) Academic Freedom in the Context of Worldview; (5) Policy Development in the Christian College: Modest Proposals; and (6) Reflections: Toward an Ethos of Freedom. An appendix contains the expanded mission statement for Calvin College. (Contains 254 references.)" -- Publisher

    *Dillenberger, John, (editor), Martin Luther: Selections From his Writings, ISBN: 0385098766 9780385098762. A Christian classic.
    "The development of Martin Luther's thought was both a symptom and moving force in the transformation of the Middle Ages into the modern world. Geographical discovery, an emerging scientific tradition, and a climate of social change had splintered the unity of medieval Christian culture, and these changes provided the background for Luther's theological challenge. His new apprehension of Scripture and fresh understanding of man's relation to God demanded a break with the Church as then constituted and released the powerful impulses that carried the Reformation. Luther's vigorous, colorful language still retains the excitement it had for thousands of his contemporaries. In this volume, Dr. Dillenberger has made a representative selection from Luther's extensive writings, and has also provided the reader with a lucid introduction to his thought." -- Publisher
    See "Martin Luther's Treatise on Christian Liberty" (The Freedom of the Christian).
    "If one were to single out one short document representing the content and spirit of Luther's faith 'The Freedom of the Christian' would undoubtedly be at the top." -- John Dillenberger

    Downame, George, The Christian's Freedom: Wherein is Fully Expressed the Doctrine of Christian Liberty, ISBN: 1877611751 9781877611759.

    Eddy, A.D., The Republicanism of the Bible -- And the Duty of Free Governments to the Oppressed Nations of Central Europe. A Discourse Delivered, in the Park Church, Newark, N.J., January 4, 1852.

    *Edwards, Jonathan (1703-1758), An Inqury Into the Modern Prevailing Notions of That Freedom of the Will: Which is Supposed to be Essential to Moral Agency, Virtue and Vice, Reward and Punishment, Praise and Blame. A Christian classic.
    "Contains a detailed inquiry into the prevailing theory regarding the freedom of the will and human determinism. First published in 1754." -- Cyril J. Barber

    *Finley, Martha, (1828-1909), The Elsie Books 28-book series (Bulverde, TX: Mantle Ministries; Elkton, MD: Holly Hall Publications, and various other publishers).
    Originally written in the late 1800's for girls and young women, the Elsie Dinsmore books were bestsellers for over thirty years. When we are introduced to Elsie in the first book she is a sweet and humble eight-year-old whose great desire in life is to be reunited with her father, whom she has never met. Her faith and her obedience to God's commandments uphold her in the great troubles she often faces, and the drama to which we are spectators is as timely for today's girls as it was for the young ladies of the 19th century. A new edition of one of GCB's best sellers, the series offers Christian values and character building examples through stories that are compelling, heartwarming, and enduring. Ages 10 and up." -- GCB
    "The Elsie Books -- 28 in all -- are some of the most widely read children's stories ever written. When they first came out more than a hundred years ago, the publisher could scarcely keep them in stock. . ." -- Publisher
    "Altogether Miss Finley's novels sold more than 28,000,000 copies in the last century. This made them among the best- selling novels of all time. . ." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    *Finley, Martha [aka Martha Farquharson], (1828-1909), Book 1: Elsie Dinsmore, ISBN: 158182064X 9781581820645. (Bulverde, TX: Mantle Ministries), ISBN: 1888306319.
    "Set amid the sweet blossoms of a southern mansion, this timeless classic delves into the heart of Elsie -- by all counts, an extraordinary little girl. Share in Elsie's quest for love from her earthly father as it leads to a mature understanding of the love of her Father in Heaven. Join Elsie as she suffers through endless hours of scrutiny from Miss Day, her mean-spirited school teacher, taunting from her mischievous young Uncle Arthur, and scoldings from a cold-hearted father she so desires to please -- all with the peace and quiet countenance that comes from knowing she is God's child. This, the first of the heart-warming Elsie Books, will both challenge and inspire you." -- Publisher
    Elsie Dinsmore: Book 1 Martha Finley
    http://www.hshangout.com/elsie.html
    *Book 2: Elsie's Holidays at Roselands. ISBN: 9781888306323 1888306327.
    "When Elsie's father becomes ill, she takes on the job of nurse-companion, and all goes well until Elsie, because it is the Sabbath, as a matter of conscience refuses to read to him from a secular book. The battle of wills that ensues nearly causes first her father's death, and then Elsie's. Lonely Elsie -- punished, ostracized, and then abandoned by her father -- turns to her heavenly Father for comfort and assurance. Will her father realize that Elsie's obedience to God must be paramount, and submit himself to the same Divine Authority?" -- Publisher
    On an even more serious note, one moral of this story is the broader life and death struggle between Truth and Falsehood (see "Absolute Truth and Relativism," "Epistemology," "Christian Scholarship"). The consequence of conflict of will is death of the "One," or war of the "Many." (see Rushdoony, The One and the Many). Conflict of will (see "Will and Recalcitrance," "Rebellion and Lawlessness"), may begin when one individual (see "The Doctrine of Man [Human Nature, Total Depravity])" or corporate body (see "Corporate Faithfulness and Sanctification"), tries to usurping authority over another (see "Power," "Authority") -- tries to control and possess them (see "Tyranny," "Slavery"). The means of control may be either outward or occult (see "The Occult and Spiritism"): deceit, repression or suppression of the truth, replacing moral and ethical absolutes with relativism (see "Ethics," "Medical Ethics"), unfaithfulness to the highest ethical standards (see "The Ten Commandments," "The Holy Bible"), apostasy, spiritual whoredom (see "Idolatry," "Jeremiah"), invocation of the demonic, idolatry, ungodly alliance and secret societies (see "Carnality and Flesh Pleasing," "Justice, Judgment, God's Final Judgment, The Great White Throne Judgment, The Day of the Lord"), attempts to take authority over another politically or by mental malpractice (see "Selection of Covenant Heads for Positions of Leadership"), "making up their own rules (see "Absolute Truth and Relativism)," ignoring or changing constitutional or creedal documents, unjust laws for the accumulation of wealth and power, indebtedness, disenfranchisement, denial of freedom (see "God the Author of Freedom"), soul-stealing, possessiveness, physical seduction and whoredom, political economic or sexual enslavement (see "Sexual Relationship"), and so forth, and so on.
    This abuse, this soul-violence, quenches the Holy Spirit (see Owen, "God's Presence With a People the Spring of Their Prosperity; With Their Special Interest in Abiding in Him"). If either side is immovable, then death is the consequence (see "Soteriology," "The Atonement," "The Blood of Christ," "Hell" and "Heaven").
    How are conflicts of will resolved? By submission to the Absolute Truths of God's word, the great common denominator (Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. -- The Lord Jesus Christ (John 14:6). All this bears a strain of the Gospel (see "Book-length Presentations of the Free Offer of The Gospel Message of Salvation and the Life to Come: The Means of Grace," "The Westminster Confession of Faith").
    Holidays at Roselands (Gutenberg text)
    http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/gutbook/lookup?num=14280
    Mantle Ministries (Elsie Dinsmore and Mildred Series)
    http://www.mantlemin.com

    *Ganz, Richard, You Shall be Free Indeed!: The Statutes of Liberty for Godly Living, ISBN: 1895019001 9781895019001.
    "Shows how to have the freedom Christ gives. Rings the changes on 'freedom:' true vs. false, internal and external, from the expectations of others, to fail or succeed, to change, from self-love, to love, from legalistic holiness, for gospel holiness." -- David Powlison
    "Drawing from his experience as a nouthetic counselor and pastor, Ganz shows how Christians can have the freedom that Christ gives his people. Jay Adams says: 'This is one of the most encouraging and helpful books I have read in a long time'." -- GCB

    Hopkins, Evan H., The Law of Liberty in the Spiritual Life, ISBN: 0875082734.

    James, Charles F., Documentary History of the Struggle for Religious Liberty in Virginia Including the Essay "The Presbyterian Church and Religious Liberty in Virginia," by William Wirt Henry, ISBN: 0306719770 9780306719776.
    Reprinted in conjunction with the 400 year celebration of the founding of Virginia and the settlement of Jamestown (1607-2007). "Both the book and essay were originally printed in the same year -- 1900. the timely importance of this reprint is based on the fact that the religious liberty guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution was born in the struggle for religious liberty in Virginia. This volume deals with Virginia Baptists and their great suffering for religious or soul liberty. By this is meant the natural and inalienable right of every soul to worship God according to the dictates of his own conscience, and that religion is, and must be, a voluntary service; and that no earthly power, whether civil or ecclesiastical, has any right to compel conformity to any creed or to any species of worship, or to tax a man for its support. The author, Charles James, became a convert to Christ and the Baptist faith during the War Between the States in 1864. From his memoriam, he was a soldier of the Confederacy, a soldier of the Cross, a patriot, loyal friend, devout Christian, diligent student, accurate scholar, able minister, and a skilled educator. He began serious research on this volume around 1883, never stopping his research until this volume was published with his own funds through J.P. Bell in 1900, only two years before his death." -- Publisher

    *Luther, Martin (1483-1546), J.I. Packer (translator) and O.R. Johnston (translator), Bondage of the Will, ISBN: 0800753429 9780800753429. A Christian classic. Available (PDF and MP3) on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "THE BONDAGE OF THE WILL is fundamental to an understanding of the primary doctrines of the Reformation. In these pages, Luther gives extensive treatment to what he saw as the heart of the gospel. Free will was no academic question to Luther; the whole gospel of the Grace of God, he believed, was bound up with it and stood or fell according to the way one decided it . . . This is the greatest piece of writing that came from Luther's pen. In its vigour of language, its profound theological grasp, and the grand sweep of its exposition, it stands unsurpassed among Luther's writings." -- Publisher
    "Luther recognized this book as his most important work and even said that if all his other books perished, he would hope that this one, along with his SMALL CATECHISM, would be the only ones to remain. As noted above, this is one of the most important books of the early Reformation, for it deals with what Luther saw to be the heart of the Gospel. Luther here refutes the Romish notion of 'free will' in man and upholds the absolute sovereignty of God in the salvation of sinners -- as well as justification by faith alone. Luther clearly saw the issue of free will as the primary cause of his separation from Rome.
    "In this book he replied to the Roman Catholic scholar, Erasmus, and his diatribe THE FREEDOM OF THE WILL. Though disagreeing with just about everything else Erasmus wrote, Luther commended Erasmus for recognizing the crux of the matter at issue between Rome and the Bible believers, the debate over 'free will.' In this regard Luther wrote,

    that unlike all the rest, you alone have attacked the real issue, the essence of the matter in dispute [i.e. man's so-called free-will -- RB] . . . You and you alone saw, what was the grand hinge upon which the whole turned, and therefore you attacked the vital part at once; for which, from my heart, I thank you.
    " 'This book is most needful at the present day,' noted Atherton in 1931, for 'the teachings of many so-called Protestants are more in accordance with the Dogmas of the Papists, or the ideas of Erasmus, than with the Principles of the Reformers; they are more in harmony with the Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent than with the Protestant or Reformed Confessions of Faith.'
    "It is easy to see how a lack of doctrinal and historical study is leading many into serious compromise with the false ecumenical apostasy espoused by Rome and other idolatrous beliefs which cry up man's ability to save himself (as with Arminianism), and to devise his own methods of worship (as with those that oppose the Reformation's Regulative Principle of Worship in favor of their own will worship). In this area, many 'Protestants,' even now, bow down to Rome's humanistic, anti-Christian idol of free will.
    "It is our hope that God will use Luther's classic to give you the strength to remain faithful to His Word; this being a great place to start a new Reformation, for as the translators write concerning this book, 'Nowhere does Luther come closer, either in spirit or in substance to the Paul of Romans and Galatians'." -- Publisher
    "This classic is a reply to Erasmus, the famous Roman Catholic scholar. Erasmus had issued a book claiming that all men had 'free-will.' Luther points out that Erasmus does not give a true definition of 'free-will.' For free-will, says Luther, belongs to God only: 'You may rightly assigned to man some kind of will, but to assign to him free-will in divine things is going too far. . . .' Luther then points out that man has incapacitated his will by his sin, and so is not free to will to do good, or to please God, which is the same thing. In a very large section of the book he gives a thorough exposition of the bondage of man's will. This, together with Jonathan Edwards' FREEDOM OF THE WILL has always been considered a classic answer to all free-willers." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    See the Theological Notes, "The Freedom and Bondage of the Will," at Jeremiah 17:9 in The Reformation Study Bible.
    Luther, Martin, The Bondage of the Will
    http://archive.org/details/martinlutheronth00luthuoft
    The Bondage of the Will, A Sermon on Christian Love, Two Sermons Upon the Fifth Chapter of Luke, God So Loved the World: Two Sermons on John 3:16-21.
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/7/8/martin-luthers-book-concerning-the-bondage-of-the-will

    *Luther, Martin, (1483-1546), Christian Liberty.

    *Luther, Martin (1483-1546), Commentary on Galatians, English translation by Erasmus Middleton, B.D., edited by John Prince Fallowes, M.A., Pembroke College, Cambridge, ISBN: 0825431247. A Christian classic. Considered to be among the ten greatest books in the English language. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "I prefer this book of Martin Luther's (except the Bible), before all the books I have ever seen, as most fit for a wounded soul." -- John Bunyan
    "This is a great, historic work, and is beyond criticism on account of its great usefulness. As a comment its accuracy might be questioned; but for emphatic utterances and clear statements of the great doctrine of the Epistle it remains altogether by itself, and must be judged per se." -- C.H. Spurgeon
    "The reissue of a famous series of lectures delivered at Wittenberg University in 1553." -- Cyril J. Barber
    Commentary on Galatians, Martin Luther
    http://archive.org/details/cu31924029294133
    Luther's Commentary on Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that you should not obey the truth. (Galatians 3:1 excerpt), English translation by Erasmus Middleton, B.D., edited by John Prince Fallowes, M.A., Pembroke College, Cambridge
    http://www.lettermen2.com/luther1.html
    Luther's Commentary on Galatians, That He might deliver us from the present evil world. (Galatians 1:4 excerpt), English translation by Erasmus Middleton, B.D., edited by John Prince Fallowes, M.A., Pembroke College, Cambridge
    http://www.lettermen2.com/luther2.html

    *Luther, Martin, (1483-1546), Urbanus, Rhegius (1489-1541), and Walter, Lynne, A Frutefull and Godly Exposition and Declaracion of the Kyngdom of Christ, and of the Christen Lybertye, made vpo[n] the wordes of the prophete Jeremye in the xxij. chapter, with an exposycyon of the viij. Psalme, intreatyng of the same matter, by the famous clerke Doctor Martyn Luther, whereunto is annexed A godly sermon, of Doctor Urbanus Regius, vpon the ix. Chapyter of Mathewe of the woman that had an issew of blood and of the rulers daughter, newly translated oute of hyghe Almayne, 1548.
    Includes: "An homily or sermon of the famous doctour Urbanus Rhegius of fayth and resurrection, upon the Gospell of Mathew, in the ix. chapter, of the woman, whiche was grieued with the issew of bloudde, and of the doughter of the chief ruler, which being dead Christ restored to lyfe, preached to the people of Hannouer in Sarou," with caption title. Running title reads: OF THE KYNGDOME OF CHRIST AND THE CHRISTEN LIBERTE. A TRANSLATION, BY WALTER LYNNE, OF EINE EPISTEL AUS DEM PROPHETEN JEREMIA.

    Luther, Martin, (1483-1546), and James Bell (1551-1596), (translator), A Treatise, Touching the Libertie of a Christian. Written in Latin by Doctor Martine Luther, and Translated Into English by Iames Bell.

    *MacPherson, Hector, Scotland's Battles for Spiritual Independence, 1905.
    "Ably delineates between the quest for power (ecclesiastical as well as political), and a true spirit of independence based upon Biblical principles. Describes the struggle between church and state, and lays justifiable stress upon the far-ranging effects of the battles they fought and won." -- Cyril J. Barber

    Manton, Thomas, (1620-1677), Liberty and Blessing in the Law of Christ. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #5.

    *Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-Mystery of Sanctification: Growing in Holiness by Living in Union With Christ, ISBN: 189277724X. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    The Reformation Heritage Books edition is a reprint of the 1954 edition set by Oliphants and includes an introduction by Joel R. Beeke. Also includes the author's famous sermon on "The Doctrine of Justification Opened and Applied."
    See the WorldCat record for various foreign language editions.
    Other editions:
    Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-Mystery of Sanctification, ISBN: 1597520543 9781597520546.
    "This is by far the best book on the doctrine of Sanctification in print. It was originally written in the 17th century, but has been put into modern English with this edition. This book will help you better understand the Gospel and its power not only for our Justification, but our Sanctification as well." -- Reader's Comment
    Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-Mystery of Sanctification, ISBN: 1589600630 9781589600638.
    "Here you will read the most closely reasoned defense of scriptural sanctification to be found anywhere. . . . Fourteen directions are given to the reader, all perfected with the aim of explaining to sincere souls what sanctification is, what it is not, and how to attain a holy walk before God. . . ." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-mystery of Sanctification, Opened, in Sundry Practical Directions: Suited Especially to the Case of Those who Labor Under the Guilt and Power of Indwelling Sin. To Which is Added a Sermon on Justification (1859)
    http://archive.org/details/gospelmysteryofs02mars

    McKenzie, Richard B., Bound to Be Free, ISBN: 0817975519 9780817975517.
    "Why is it that in the land of the free, special interests control what we eat, wear, and drive, whereas government tells us how our children will be educated and how much we will pay for life's essentials? In this book McKenzie identifies the forces destroying us bit by bit, and shows what can be done now to stop the erosion of individual and marketplace freedom before it's too late. In a daring departure, he argues that the key to each person's freedom is a business community free of government favor and interference. Only a reassertion of the principles of constitutional democracy will really speak to the people's deeply felt need to 'get the government off our backs.' This book goes beyond a tough, objective delineation of our economic malaise. It provides a hard-hitting, multifaceted program that includes a free market constitutional amendment, an enforceable way to limit the government's ability to levy taxes and print money, and a novel procedure to eliminate the control of Congress by special interests. The result is a message of hope and freedom for all Americans." -- Cyril J. Barber

    Mill, John Stuart, On Liberty and Other Essays, ISBN: 019282208X 9780192822086.

    *Morey, Robert, The New Atheism and the Erosion of Freedom, ISBN: 0875523625 9780875523620.
    "Exposes the godless suppression of religious freedom today and presents effective ways to convert atheists to Christ. In case you have not noticed atheism/secular humanism is gaining ground. Are you grounded in what these philosophies teach? Can you refute them? Dr. Morey will show you how." -- GCB
    The American Atheist Union has said this is the most dangerous book ever written about religion.
    Includes bibliography.

    *Price, Greg L., Christian Liberty and Liberty of Conscience, 3 audio files. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "Demonstrates from Scripture what Christian liberty is and what it isn't. Shows why this liberty is not a license to sin or an excuse to place man's independent conscience above the word of God (a common mistake in a democratic, egalitarian, atomistic age). Samuel Rutherford battled this error in the mid-seventeenth century in his classic FREE DISPUTATION AGAINST PRETENDED LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE. Price not only applies these teachings to the individual, but to the church and state also; asking the question regarding the latter: 'How can a moral wrong be a civil right?' (which applies to many areas of present pagan civil juridical ineptitude -- not the least of which is the abortion holocaust). Uses the alcohol issue to show how fundamentalists and others misuse (and misunderstand), this doctrine; with a lengthy and detailed treatment of this subject defending the believer's freedom to moderately partake of alcohol." -- Publisher

    Richardson, Peter, Paul's Ethic of Freedom, ISBN: 0664242618 9780664242619.

    Richman, Sheldon, Richard M. Ebeling (introduction), Walter E. Williams, Your Money or Your Life: Why We Must Abolish the Income Tax, ISBN: 0964044781 9780964044784.
    "Sheldon Richman's concise and informative book, YOUR MONEY OR YOUR LIFE, explains how the income tax is one of the greatest threats to the liberty of the American people ever devised. By making our employers surrogate federal tax collectors, most Americans don't feel the pain because they really don't know what they're losing. But even worse, as Richman points out, by having access to our paychecks, the government can tap into an almost limitless pool of money to expand its size and scope. We need to scrap the income tax and replace it with a tax on consumption." -- Reader's Comment
    Consider this the essential argument of the anti-income tax movement." -- Reader's Comment

    Rockwell, Llewellyn H. Jr., Speaking of Liberty, ISBN: 0945466382 9780945466383.
    "Ludwig von Mises said that teaching the public was just as important as addressing scholars -- maybe more so. That is what Lew Rockwell specializes in: history and theory and analysis in defense of the free society, written in clear prose to reach a broad audience. Rockwell's new book is as pro-liberty as it is brutally critical of government. It is relentlessly forthright yet hopeful about the prospects for liberty. It is rigorous enough to withstand the enemy's closest scrutiny, and chock full of the energy and enthusiasm that will keep you reading.
    "SPEAKING OF LIBERTY is a collection of speeches delivered by Rockwell over a period of ten years. The book begins with economics, and explains why Austrian economics matters, how the Federal Reserve brings on the business cycle, why we need private property and free enterprise, the unrecognized glories of the capitalist economy, and why the gold standard is still the best monetary system. Other sections deal with war, Mises and his work, other important thinkers in the libertarian tradition, and the culture and morality of liberty.
    "The book is united by a set of fixed principles: the corruption of politics, the universality and immutability of the ideas of freedom, the centrality of sound money and free enterprise, the moral imperative of peace and trade, the importance of hope and tenacity in the struggle for liberty, and the need for everyone to join the intellectual fight. We all have searched for the book we could give to friends and neighbors, business associates and family members, to explain why we believe in the cause of liberty. SPEAKING OF LIBERTY is that book." -- Publisher

    *Rushdoony, Rousas J., (1916-2001), Christianity and the State, ISBN: 9996717755. Available through Exodus Books.
    "The need to return to a Biblical doctrine of civil government is evidenced by our century's worldwide drift into tyranny. Humanism invariably rushes in to fill the world's theological vacuums: the need of the hour is to restore a full-orbed, Biblical, theology of the state. This work sets forth that theology." -- GCB

    Russell, Letty M., Human Liberation in a Feminist Perspective: A Theology, ISBN: 0664249914 9780664249915.
    Includes bibliography.

    Sandoz, Ellis, The Politics of Truth and Other Untimely Essays: The Crisis of Civic Consciousness, ISBN: 0826212131 9780826212139.
    "THE POLITICS OF TRUTH AND OTHER UNTIMELY ESSAYS explores the historical and theoretical underpinnings of personal liberty and free government and provides a trenchant analysis of the crisis of civic consciousness endangering both of them today. The book addresses a range of issues in contemporary political philosophy and constitutional theory. These are seen to be all the more urgent in importance because of the surging aspirations for liberty in the wake of the collapse of the Soviet empire and the post-Cold War anomaly of crisis, malaise, and disarray in free government itself in America and in other bastions of modern democracy." -- Publisher

    *Schuettinger, Robert, Lord Acton: Historian of Liberty, ISBN: 0875482945 9780875482941.
    Includes appendix, bibliography, and index.

    Sibbes, Richard, (1577-1635), Glorious Freedom, ISBN: 0851517919. Alternate title: THE EXCELLENCY OF THE GOSPEL ABOVE THE LAW, 1639. Available (THE WORKS OF RICHARD SIBBES), on the Puritan Hard Drive.

    *Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isaevich, One Word of Truth: The Nobel Speech on Literature 1970, ISBN: 0060139439 9780060139438. A Christian classic.
    The author saw the Christian faith as "the only force capable of undertaking the spiritual healing of Russia."
    Translated from the Russian by the members of the BBC Russian Service.
    One Word of Truth . . .
    http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1970/solzhenitsyn-lecture.html

    *Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr, A World Split Apart, his Harvard University commencement address, delivered 8 June 1978
    "It is feasible and easy everywhere to undermine administrative power and in fact it has been drastically weakened in all Western countries. The defense of individual rights has reached such extremes as to make society as a whole defenseless against certain individuals. It's time, in the West -- It is time, in the West, to defend not so much human rights as human obligations. . . .
    "Hastiness and superficiality are the psychic disease of the 20th century and more than anywhere else this disease is reflected in the press. Such as it is, however, the press has become the greatest power within the Western countries, more powerful than the legislative power, the executive, and the judiciary. And one would then like to ask: By what law has it been elected and to whom is it responsible? In the communist East a journalist is frankly appointed as a state official. But who has granted Western journalists their power, for how long a time, and with what prerogatives?" http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/alexandersolzhenitsynharvard.htm

    *Swindoll, Charles, The Grace Awakening, ISBN: 9780849911880 0849911885.
    "This is a book about the wonderful fact that Christianity faithfully lived will bring blessedness to our earthly existence, if we ignore the unholy 'grace-killers' among us. Jesus said, 'If therefore the Son shall make your free, you shall be free indeed. . . .' " -- Publisher
    "More and more Christians are realizing that the man-made restrictions and legalistic regulations under which they have been living have not come from the God of grace, but have been enforced by people who do not want others to be free. . . . Scarcely a day passes when I am not reminded of the need for a book emphasizing the full extent of grace, giving people permission to be free, absolutely free in Christ. Why? Because so few are!" -- Charles Swindoll
    The author believes this is the most important book he has written. The message of Christian freedom is as repressed as the Gospel itself. This book will bless the hearts of the many who have never read a presentation of the message of our freedom in Christ and its wonderful practical implications for the individual, the church, and the nation. A study guide by the same name is available.
    "The God of the universe has given us an amazing, revolutionary gift of grace and freedom. This freedom and grace set us apart from every other 'religion' on the face of the earth.
    "In this best-selling classic, Charles Swindoll urges you not to miss living a grace-filled life. Freedom and joy -- not lists and demands and duties -- await all who believe in the Lord Jesus Christ. -- Publisher

    *Weaver, Henry Grady, Mainspring of Human Progress.
    A monograph on the history of freedom.
    Includes bibliography.

    Woodson, William, (editor), Freedom: Heritage, Accomplishments and Prospects in Christ.
    Freed-Hardeman College Lectures, 1976. Includes bibliographical references.

    See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, Taxation, property, and liberty, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, The one and the many, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, Sexual relationship, Slavery, our systems of enslavement, economic enslavement, and so forth, and so on.

    Related WebLinks

    The Scottish Covenanting Struggle, Alexander Craighead, and the Mecklenburg Declaration
    http://www.lettermen2.com/craig.html

    Zacharias, Ravi, The Christian Privilege, a series of five audio messages.
    "(1 of 5) -- Do you think your life is random, or do you believe that you are unique, having been designed by a loving God?
    "(2 of 5) -- Why do we turn away from God when we have a better alternative? Instead, we can enjoy a rich connection with Him in the fullness of our humanity.
    "(3 of 5) -- Why are we here on earth? Is there some higher purpose that we might not have guessed? Our purpose on earth is completely intertwined with the One who created us.
    "(4 of 5) -- What is the goal of your life? Where do you expect to be 20 years from now? These are hard questions, but important ones for those who want to finish life well.
    "(5 of 5) -- Do you need God? There's never been a better day to find Him, especially since He wants to be found." -- Publisher
    http://www.rzim.org/radio/archives.aspx?p=LMPT&o=10&i=10

    Mantle Ministries (Elsie Dinsmore and Mildred Series)
    http://www.mantlemin.com

    The Official Flat Tax Home Page
    http://flattax.house.gov/

    The Battle Continues: The Establishment of Liberty Through God's Law, Norman Patterson
    "This 'higher' law was not the collective wisdom of human ingenuity. It was based upon the belief God revealed His perfect law in the Bible. This law was articulated succinctly in the Ten Commandments. No one, not even a king, had the right to claim divinity, blaspheme, lie, steal, fornicate, and bear false witness, etcetera. Biblical law annuls the divine right of kings. There is only One King and He has only one law. The most God allows government to do is punish evildoers who insist on violating His law. (Romans 13:1-4). These violations include trampling upon the life, liberty and property of others. As government secures the God-given rights of individuals, the whole of society prospers. When government sees themselves as the sovereign and the people as their property, society deteriorates. Conversely, when people put divine-like faith in government to create law to solve all their problems, they make government a god and thereby become idolatrous. Either way liberty is destroyed."
    http://www.lewrockwell.com/orig4/patterson-norman9.html



    Freedom With Responsibility to God

    They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies. (Hosea 7:3)
    The Prophet now arraigns all the citizens of Samaria, and in their persons the whole people, because they rendered obedience to the king by flattery, and to the princes in wicked things, respecting which their own conscience convicted them. He had already in the fifth chapter mentioned the defection of the people in this respect, that they had obeyed the royal edict. It might indeed have appeared a matter worthy of praise, that the people had quietly embraced what the king commanded. This is the case with many at this day, who bring forward a pretext of this kind. Under the papacy they dare not withdraw themselves from their impious superstitions, and they adduce this excuse, that they ought to obey their princes. But, as I have already said, the Prophet has before condemned this sort of obedience, and now he shows that the defection which then reigned through all Israel, ought not to be ascribed to the king or to few men, but that it was a common evil, which involved all in one and the same guilt, without exception. How so? "By their wickedness," he says, "they have exhilarated the king, and by their lies the princes"; that is, If they wish to cast the blame on their governors, it will be done in vain; for whence came then such a promptitude? As soon as Jeroboam formed the calves, as soon as he built temples, religion instantly collapsed, and whatever was before pure, degenerated; how was the change so sudden? Even because the people had inwardly concocted their wickedness, which, when an occasion was offered, showed itself; for hypocrisy did lie hid in all, and was then discovered. We now perceive what the Prophet had in view. And this place ought to be carefully noticed: for it often happens that some vice creeps in, which proceeds from one man or from a few; but when all readily embrace what a few introduce, it is quite evident that they have no living root of piety or of the fear of God. They then who are so prone to adopt vices were before hypocrites; and we daily find this to be the case. When pious men have the government of a city, and act prudently, then the whole people will give some hope that they will fear the Lord; and when any king, influenced by a desire of advancing the glory of God, endeavors to preserve all his subjects in the pure worship of God, then the same feeling of piety will be seen in all: but when an ungodly king succeeds him, the greater part will immediately fall back again; and when a magistrate neglects his duty, the greater portion of the people will break out into open impiety. I wish there were no proofs of these things; but throughout the world the Lord has designed that there should exist examples of them. This purpose of God ought therefore to be noticed; for he accuses the people of having made themselves too obsequious and pliant. When king Jeroboam set up vicious worship, the people immediately offered themselves as ready to obey: hence impiety became quite open. They then "delighted the king by their wickedness, and the princes by their lies"; as though he said, "They cannot transfer the blame to the king and princes. Why? Because they delighted them by their wickedness; that is, they haltered the king by their wickedness and delighted the princes by their lies." -- John Calvin in a sermon on Hosea 7:3 in Calvin's Commentary on Hosea

    To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and those who sit in darkness out of the prison house. (Isaiah 42:7)
    The work of the Messiah, according to the text, is to bring out the prisoners from the prison. I think this relates to the bondage under which a man lies to his sins. Habits of sin, like iron nets, surround the sinner, and he cannot escape their meshes. The man sins, and imagines that he cannot help sinning. How often do the ungodly tell us that they cannot renounce the world, cannot break off their sins by righteousness, and cannot believe in Jesus? Let all men know that the Savior has come on purpose to remove every bond of sin from the captive, and to set him free from every chain of evil. I have known men to strive against the habit of blasphemy, others against unchaste passions, and many more against a haughty spirit, or an angry temper. And when they have striven manfully, but unsuccessfully, in their own strength, they have been filled with bitter chagrin that they should have been so betrayed by themselves. When a man believes in Jesus his resolve to become a free man is to a great extent accomplished at once. Some sins die the moment we believe in Jesus, and these trouble us no more. Others hang on to us, and these die by slow degrees; but they are overcome so as never again to get the mastery over us. O struggler after mental, moral, spiritual liberty, if you would be free, your only possible freedom is in Christ. If you desire to shake off evil habits, or any other mental bondage, I shall prescribe no remedy to you but this, to commit yourself to Christ the Liberator. Love Him and you will hate sin. Trust Him, and you will no more trust yourself. Submit yourself to the sway of the incarnate God, and He will break the dragon's head within you, and hurl Satan beneath your feet. Nothing else can do it. Christ must have the glory." -- C.H. Spurgeon commenting on Isaiah in Devotional Classics of C.H. Spurgeon, p. 69

    It does no good to blame society or the church for our deficiencies before the Lord because Christ holds men, not churches and states, accountable. In the words of Hugh Miller, "Churches, however false and detestable, are never to be summoned to the bar of judgment. . . . To Christ, as his head and king, must every man render an account."
    Let us pray that God's kingdom come, and let us covenant to fulfill our obligations to be his people. . . . When persecution comes, let us pray that we would stand as firm as did the Scottish Covenanters. When covenanting comes, let us praise the Lord, for only in him will we stand firm. . . ." -- Edwin Nesbit Moore in Our Covenant Heritage: The Covenanters' Struggle for Unity in Truth as Revealed in the Memoir of James Nisbet (1667-1728), and Sermons of John Nevay (d. 1672)

    See the Theological Notes, "The Freedom and Bondage of the Will," at Jeremiah 17:9 in The Reformation Study Bible.

    Men are qualified for civil liberty in exact proportion to their disposition to put moral chains upon their own appetites, -- in proportion as their love to justice is above their rapacity . . . in proportion as their soundness and sobriety of understanding is above their vanity and presumption . . . in proportion as they are more disposed to listen to the counsels of the wise and good, in preference to the flattery of knaves. Society cannot exist, unless a controlling power upon will and appetite be placed somewhere; and the less of it there is within, the more there must be without. It is ordained in the eternal constitution of things, that men of intemperate minds cannot be free. Their passions forge their fetters. -- Sir Edmund Burke in Letter to a Member of the National Assembly (1791)

    *Baxter, Richard (1615-1691), A Christian Directory: Baxter's Practical Works, Vol. 1. Full title: A Christian Directory: or A Sum of Practical Theology, and Cases of Conscience. Directing Christians how to use Their Knowledge and Faith; How to Improve all Helps and Means, and to Perform all Duties; How to Overcome Temptations, and to Escape or Mortify Every Sin. In Four Parts.
    I. Christian Ethics (or Private Duties)
    II. Christian Economics (or Family Duties)
    III. Christian Ecclesiastics (or Church Duties)
    IV. Christian Politics (or Duties to Our Rulers and Neighbours)
    (Morgan, PA: Soli Deo Gloria Publications, 1997, 1990, 1838, 1707, 1678, 1673), ISBN: 1877611131 9781877611131. Foreword by J.I. Packer (Soli Deo Gloria edition only). The Soli Deo Gloria publication is a facsimile reprint of the 19th century reprint by George Virtue, London, 1846. The original 1673 edition and the 1678 edition, both printed by Robert White for Nevill Simmons. Bibliographic and scriptural footnotes. A Christian classic. Considered to be among the ten greatest books in the English language. Available (less the J.I. Packer's Foreword, but searchable with an OCR-based index), on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    This work is available in many editions, and in many formats.
    Reformation Heritage Books has new copies of the Soli Deo Gloria edition (including the J.I. Packer Introduction), as of March 2008, even though it is generally thought to be out of print. They acquired Soli Deo Gloria from Ligonier Ministries in late 2007.
    The best digital format of the reprint by George Virtue is included on the Puritan Hard Drive. It has an OCR scan in the background, meaning one can search the entire volume and copy text into another document. It also has a computer generated indexed from the OCR scan which is, of course, in Baxter's vocabulary.
    A PDF image scan only of the same edition is available on the Reformation Bookshelf CD #21.
    The reprint by George Virtue is available online and may be downloaded in PDF format at Christian Classics Ethereal Library
    The reprint by George Virtue appears in full preview in Google Books but may not be downloaded. So it is useful if the reader wants to become acquainted with the book. Text can be searched, but can not be copied into another document. This particular Google Books scan includes the contents in detail on pages iii-xix which is not included in the Christian Classics Ethereal Library PDF files. About five other editions from libraries are available in Google Books, and may be downloaded (August 2008).
    Notice that the e-text in Google Books has the advantage of being searchable. Searching an image-based PDF file (without an OCR scan in the background), is not possible, unless the user owns software such as Abode Acrobat Pro or Kirtas BookScan Editor. They both have an OCR (optical character recognition), feature that will search an image-based PDFs (bit-map scans). Searches appear to be perfect in this work, although one must know Baxter's vocabulary. Text can be cut and pasted from image-based PDF format to OCR (character) format. This particular Google Books scan can not be cut and pasted or downloaded.
    One of the older, multi-volume editions of THE WORKS OF RICHARD BAXTER is available at Monergism.com in the "Puritan Library," "Richard Baxter." A CHRISTIAN DIRECTORY, volume 23. It can be downloaded.
    http://www.puritanlibrary.com/
    Another older edition is available on microfilm (Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms, 1970), 1 microfilm reel, 35 mm (Early English books, 1641-1700; 343:11).
    "The complete practical works of Richard Baxter are in print in four volumes entitled BAXTER'S PRACTICAL WORKS. This volume (about 1 1/4 million words, 1028 pages), is volume one of the set. The editor's preface (1707), p. xiii, stated that the works of Richard Baxter are 'perhaps the best body of practical divinity that is extent in our own or any other tongue.' Richard Baxter lived from 1615-1691. The DIRECTORY was completed in 1665. Its scope was intended to cover all of practical theology, a summa of casuistry . . ." -- Don Kistler
    "Baxter's series, which grew in range and scope as it proceeded . . . is a peak point in Puritan devotional writing, and remains a precious resource for all, in this or any age, who want to know what is involved in Biblical godliness. . . . A CHRISTIAN DIRECTORY may justly be described as a landmark. It is the fullest, most thorough, and in this writer's judgment, most profound treatment of Christian spirituality and standards that has ever been attempted by an English-speaking Evangelical author. The fact that it embraces both spirituality and standards (the principles of communion with God plus the specifics of obedience to God), merits approving comment in itself; nowadays spirituality and ethics have become two distinct disciplines in the schools, and books written on either say virtually nothing about the other . . ." -- J.I. Packer
    Timothy Keller calls it the greatest manual on Biblical counseling ever produced.
    "There are many Puritan classics on this subject. Thomas Brooks' PRECIOUS REMEDIES FOR SATAN'S DEVICES, Thomas Goodwin's A CHILD OF LIGHT WALKING IN DARKNESS, William Bridge's A LIFTING UP FOR THE DOWNCAST, and many other similar works give evidence that the Puritans were. . . . masters at applying Biblical answers and principles to problems that can only be solved by spiritual means. No Puritan work, however, has ever approached the popularity, the scope, or the depth of Baxter's classic treatise. With the widespread interest in counseling in today's church, this reprint of Baxter's work should be a welcome addition to every pastor's library, or to anyone else who wishes to give solid Biblical answers to man's questions." -- Don Kistler
    "We have long waited for a purely Biblical treatment of the spiritual ills and cures of men which is untainted by the views of psychology. Since Baxter lived about 200 years before psychology arrived, his deep work is completely void of its encroachment -- thankfully!" -- John MacArthur
    "The kings men sought to arrest Richard Baxter, but he traveled ceaselessly from place to place, writing his sermons and his books even on horseback (he had an inkwell in his saddle), and preached over a wide area." -- Brian H. Edwards
    "Baxter was a wonder of his age. His writings total 72 large volumes, much of it written on horseback as he traveled in his widespread preaching efforts. He seldom, if ever, edited anything he wrote. Knowing this any reader will be amazed at how well he communicated his deep love for his Savior. For 26 years he was public enemy No. 1 to the king, yet he lived to see the flight of the king in 1688." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    POOR MAN'S FAMILY BOOK (1674) and THE CATECHIZING OF FAMILIES (1683), are less detailed works and are found in THE REFORMED PASTOR: BAXTER'S PRACTICAL WORKS, VOL. 4. They are more suitable for family instruction than are the detailed presentation in A CHRISTIAN DIRECTORY.
    "Ptacek in FAMILY WORSHIP: BIBLICAL BASIS, HISTORICAL REALITY, CURRENT NEED (pp. 51-52), supplies the following information in regard to Baxter and this book. He notes that after the Episcopalians ejected numerous 'nonconformists,' in what is know as the 'great ejection,' in 1662, 'Baxter pastored from house to house, visiting families of his parish in their homes. These visits contributed to Baxter's A CHRISTIAN DIRECTORY, a large and still very relevant manual of pastoral care.' Focusing on just one area of great importance, Ptacek demonstrates how this book's relevance is not limited by time or culture, though sometimes the use of specific words are. 'Published in 1673, but written 1664-65, a large book-length part of Baxter's CHRISTIAN DIRECTORY is devoted to the family. It is entitled 'Christian Economics' based on the archaic usage of the word, which reflects the proper sense of the Greek root oikonomos as the manager of a household, in the Christian case, the spiritual leader of the family. The family head is essential to Baxter's view of family worship and instruction. Baxter asserts that it is God's will that this instruction be carried out by the rulers of the families.' For a male head of the household to fail to do so, or to have another instruct in the family, is contrary to his position of authority.' This is the kind of book that can be passed on from generation to generation and still find much use in the service of the kingdom of God.
    "Though relatively weak on corporate sanctification, corporate faithfulness and some important areas of doctrine (such as justification), Baxter's work on subjects related to personal piety can be of good practical use to the Christian -- if one is careful to separate out his aberrant doctrinal views and any practical errors they may lead to." -- Publisher
    The following three excerpts are included as bonus free books on Reformation Bookshelf CD #28.
    1. "The Duties of Parents for Their Children" from BAXTER'S PRACTICAL WORKS, VOL. 1, A CHRISTIAN DIRECTORY, on Christian Economics, Chap. X., pp. 449-454.
    2. "The Special Duties of Children Towards Their Parents" from BAXTER'S PRACTICAL WORKS, VOL. 1, A CHRISTIAN DIRECTORY, on Christian Economics, Chap. XI., pp. 454-457.
    3. "The Special Duties of Children and Youth Towards God" from BAXTER'S PRACTICAL WORKS, VOL. 1, A CHRISTIAN DIRECTORY, on Christian Economics, Chap. XII., pp. 457-458).
    A summary of currently (2012) available publications.
    http://www.lettermen2.com/pwrbcd.html
    Richard Baxter, from Wikipedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Baxter

    *Baxter, Richard, The Reformed Pastor: Baxter's Practical Works, Vol. 4, ISBN: 1877611360. A Christian classic.
    "This is the fourth and final volume in this great set. Includes, ['Compassionate Counsel to all Young Men'], 'The Reformed Pastor' 'Poor Man's Family Book,' 'The Catechizing of Families,' and 'The Mother's Catechism,' in all 25 sermons, treatises, and catechisms. Dr. J.I. Packer says, 'For me, the great joy of this year is that it see the completion of Soli Deo Gloria's reprint of Baxter's incomparable PRACTICAL WORKS'." -- GCB
    Richard Baxter, from Wikipedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Baxter
    Compassionate Counsel to all Young Men (1681), by Richard Baxter
    http://www.lettermen2.com/ccaym.html

    *Bonar, Horatius, (1808-1889), Free-will A Christian classic.

    Calvin, John, Calvin's Commentary on Hosea
    http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/m.sion/calvhose.htm

    *Carson, Donald A., Divine Sovereignty and Human Responsibility: Biblical Perspectives in Tension, ISBN: 0804237077 9780804237079.
    "A masterful treatment of all the doctrinal issues (e.g., Biblical anthropology, the providence and government of God, the history of doctrine, etc.), that comprise the study of free will and determinism." -- Cyril J. Barber

    Kesler, Jay, Raising Responsible Kids: Ten Things You can do Now to Prepare Your Child for a Lifetime of Independence, ISBN: 1561210528 9781561210527 0380719762 9780380719761. Alternate title: RAISING RESPONSIBLE KIDS: HOW TO GUIDE YOUR CHILD TOWARD INDEPENDENT ADULTHOOD.
    "If you wait until your child is ready for his diploma before you teach him/her responsible independence, you have waited too long. The teaching of responsibility comes gradually through specific lessons and experience. Here is help for parents in accomplishing this task -- by starting right now." -- GCB

    *Moore, Edwin Nisbet, Our Covenant Heritage: The Covenanters' Struggle for Unity in Truth as Revealed in the Memoir of James Nisbet (1667-1728), and Sermons of John Nevay (d. 1672), ISBN: 1857926188. Includes bibliographical references and index.
    "A new book, OUR COVENANT HERITAGE, examines the rise and fall of the Scottish Church. It rose when men placed the rights of God above the rights of man. It fell when men abandoned unity in truth. It is written by Ed Moore, who spent several years examining why the Covenanters, particularly those who lived near Loudoun Castle, were willing to die for their understanding of God's truth. The answer is found in the sermons of their minister John Nevay on God's Covenant of Grace and in the Memoirs of James Nisbet, one of their number who survived their epic battle for truth only to face the age-old struggle of Christ's church for unity in truth." -- Publisher
    Our Covenant Heritage, Edwin Nisbet Moore
    http://www.covenanters.com/

    *Rushdoony, Rousas J., (1916-2001), The One and the Many: Studies in the Philosophy of Order and Ultimacy. Available through Exodus Books.
    "The author deals with an age-old problem: the question of the one and the many and their relationship. As you might guess, the way one answers (or avoids), this question will affect views of justice, government, taxes, welfare, war, property, and freedom in general." -- GCB
    See also: The Question of the One and the Many
    http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9chc.html#onemany

    See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Christian liberty, Individual responsibility, The question of the one and the many, The covenanted reformation, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Discipleship, Ethics, Casuistry, The teaching of our lord jesus christ, Sexual relationship, Slavery, our systems of enslavement, economic enslavement, Christ's influence on western civilization, and so forth, and so on.



    Christian Self-government

    See the Theological Notes, "The Image of God," at Genesis 1:27 in The Reformation Study Bible.

    See the Theological Notes, "The Law of God," at Exodus 20:1 in The Reformation Study Bible.

    The roots of liberty and limited government are in the Protestant Reformation. We believe the key to the maintenance of liberty and limited government is to be found in the Scottish covenanting struggle. -- James A. Dodson

    See the Theological Notes, "Christians and Civil Government," at Romans 13:1 in The Reformation Study Bible.

    What the Reformation's return to Biblical teaching gave society was the opportunity for tremendous freedom, but without chaos. That is, an individual had freedom because there was a consensus based upon the absolutes given in the Bible, and therefore real values within which to have freedom, without these freedoms leading to chaos. The world had not known anything like this before. -- Francis Schaeffer

    Martin Luther's doctrine of the The Priesthood of all Believers lead to the doctrine of the equality of all men. This is the basis of the declaration that "all men are created equal" and the belief that men are capable of self-government under God. Teaching the doctrine of the Priesthood of all Believers was part of Martin Luther's Reformation.

    Western civilization following the Reformation is the greatest example of Christian cultural conquest we have to date. The shameful abandonment of that heritage by the church has left us in our current desperate plight. That heritage will be restored only as the church awakens to reclaim her birthright and asserts the authority of the King of kings over every sphere of life -- including the political." -- Dennis Woods

    Having learnt from the Holy Scriptures that wise, brave, and virtuous men were always friends to liberty -- that God gave the Israelites a king in His anger, because they had not the sense and virtue enough to like a free commonwealth [1 Samuel 8:4-22] -- and where the Spirit of the Lord is there is liberty [2 Corinthians 3:17] -- this made me conclude that freedom was a great blessing. -- Jonathan Mayhew

    Man will ultimately be governed by God or by tyrants. . . . Those who are willing to trade their essential liberties for a little temporary safety, deserve neither safety nor liberty. -- Benjamin Franklin

    Those unwilling to take part in the struggle for liberty are mere slaves, and are practically worthless to men fighting to keep a free democratic republic.

    *Cole, Franklin P. (introductory essay and biographical sketches), They Preached Liberty, ISBN: 0913966169 9780913966167.
    "An anthology of timely quotations from New England ministers of the American Revolution on the subject of liberty: its source, nature, obligations, types, and blessings." -- Publisher

    Einwechter, William and Anthony Cowley (editors), John Fielding, Andrew Sandlin, William Gould, Kevin Clauson, Tom Rose, John Perry, Joel Saint, and Daniel Herrick, Explicitly Christian Politics: The Vision of the National Reform Association, ISBN: 0966004418 9780966004410.
    "Since 1864 the National Reform Association has advocated an explicitly Christian approach to politics. In this book the grand vision of politics of the National Reform Association is explained for a new generation of Christian activists. It is a grand vision because it is based on the truth of the mediatorial reign of Jesus Christ over the nations of the earth, and it seeks to implement the will of Christ for civil government as revealed in Scripture. Christians who are tired of the compromise of evangelicals in the political sphere will find this book to be a wonderful breath of fresh air." -- Discipling the Nations
    "The National Reform Association is publishing its first book in many years under the imprint "Christian Statesman Press." In an age of pluralism and compromise, the NRA is calling for EXPLICITLY CHRISTIAN POLITICS in this collection of twelve articles that introduce the National Reform Association's vision of Christian politics for a new generation.
    "Because Christ is King, the duty of His disciples is to press His crown rights in every sphere of life. The National Reform Association's great passion is to press our Lord's crown rights in the sphere of politics.
    "The subjects addressed in the book are: A background of the national reform association, The failure of retreatist strategies, The crown rights of jesus christ, The judgment is god's, Christ's kingship in contemporary politics, National confession primer, The orthodox foundations of liberty, The great law-book of the nation, The free market, Educational reform in america, Sentimentalism in politics, Making this political mess right. . . ." -- Publisher
    "The Vanguard of the Revolution" National Edition Book reviews aren't the normal province of Vanguard, but every so often an exception must be made. The National Reform Association's new tome, EXPLICITLY CHRISTIAN POLITICS, is well worth the effort. Edited by William O. Einwechter and containing chapters by some of the Christian Right's most distinguished thinkers, EXPLICITLY CHRISTIAN POLITICS is an impressive read. Attempting what is today unheard of -- an approach not only to political issues but also political theory that is rooted entirely in Christian thought -- it succeeds in making its case in a consistently scholarly fashion that is still light enough to entertain and to reach virtually any lay reader. The book's premise is straightforward: Jesus Christ is both Creator and King, and therefore all of life, both private and public, is subject to His rule. The implications of this should be obvious, but alas are not: modern society becomes hysterical at the very thought of anything which might, in modern terms, mix politics with religion. Of course this hysteria is nonsense. Every ideology is inherently religious, since it inevitably makes assumptions concerning creation and the nature of reality and the source and meaning of right and wrong. But the Christian religion and its trappings are out of vogue in this century, while the cults of the all-powerful state and the relativistic individual reign supreme, and it should surprise no one that the acolytes of the modern polytheism should seek to silence the ancient monotheism at every opportunity. So just what are the implications of a consistently Christian political theory? Perhaps it is best first to understand what the implications are not. The authors do call for a formal amendment to the Constitution stating that the nation recognizes and affirms Jesus Christ as its Lord and as the Source of its life, liberty and law; they do not call for what moderns refer to as a theocracy. Theocracy, which is to say, rule by God, already exists, they contend: Christ is King regardless of what men may say. But the authors believe that consistently Biblical social theory requires a separation of church and state -- that the two institutions, along with the family, are ordained by God and meant to operate in very different spheres -- just as certainly as it requires the submission of government to Christ. In practice, this means that the authors do not favor a change in the form of American government; they favor a change in its character and beliefs. It is an ideological and spiritual revolution they seek, not a revolution of the modern sort, and it is entirely based on principles familiar. The authors stake the claim of Jesus Christ's rights as King, but do not call for an Earthly king to rule in His stead; rather, they call for repentance and conversion on the part of those who do rule on Earth -- the electorate -- and for the election of leaders who will faithfully discharge their Constitutional duties not as faithful humanists or faithful Marxists but as faithful Christians. And what does leadership as a faithful Christian mean, aside from not committing adultery, not breaking campaign promises, and not selling secrets to the Chinese? Well, actually, it means quite a lot, just as did the shift from the old order to New Deal statism in the 1930s. The authors take time to explore the Christian foundations of liberty in the modern world, noting correctly that of all the ideologies in history, only Christianity produced modern political and economic liberty. They detail the depravity which results (and which has resulted), from an abandonment of absolute right and wrong, and show why no adequate legal standard -- and certainly no truly free one -- can be built apart from the standard of Scripture. They trace the free market's roots in Biblical law and show why government must be both very small and very unintrusive. They offer a completely new paradigm for education, and call for reason over sentimentalism. In short, they address, and address well, most of the vital issues of the day. One cannot come away from Explicitly Christian Politics without a deepened realization of the religious nature of the isms of our time and the abysmally bad politics that flows from them; likewise, one cannot read this volume without an appreciation for the fact that these Christians have devised a better model. Quibble with the details all you like: EXPLICITLY CHRISTIAN POLITICS is nothing short of the rebirth of a vital Christian social theory, far beyond the me-too pluralism of the Christian Right to date. There's something special here. It is very clearly not going away." -- Rod D. Martin (Vanguard@theVanguard.org), from Little Rock, Arkansas, May 25, 1998. Copyright 1998, Rod D. Martin
    "Rod D. Martin serves as Director of Policy Planning and Research for Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee. He has worked on the state and national levels of the Republican Party, trained activists for the Conservative Party in England, and studied political and economic thought at Cambridge University. He is a graduate of Baylor Law School, and is Executive Director of the Arkansas Federation of Young Republicans. To receive information about Mr. Martin's weekly column, 'Vanguard of the Revolution,' please send e-mail to the address provided."
    Articles by William O. Einwechter
    http://www.natreformassn.org/einwecToC.html

    Eddy, A.D., The Republicanism of the Bible -- And the Duty of Free Governments to the Oppressed Nations of Central Europe. A Discourse Delivered, in the Park Church, Newark, N.J., January 4, 1852.

    *Ellul, Jacques (1912-1994), The Politics of God and the Politics of Man, ISBN: 0802814425 9780802814425.
    "Basing his political theory on the fact that the problems of our times are theological and not sociological, the writer shows from a study of 2 Kings how God has provided a blueprint for self-government in the Bible. Rewarding reading." -- Cyril J. Barber

    *Fertig, Lawrence, Prosperity Through Freedom.

    Friedman, Milton, Capitalism and Freedom.
    Includes bibliographical references.

    Guthrie, William D., Magna Carta and Other Addresses.

    Hammon, T.C., Perfect Freedom: An Introduction to Christian Ethics.

    Heath, Charles C., The Blessing of Liberty: Restoring the City on the Hill, ISBN: 1563840057 9781563840050.
    "Presents a case for limited government, decentralized and self-governing communities, and the return to traditional values." -- GCB
    Includes bibliography.

    *Knox, John (1505-1572), David Laing (editor), The Works of John Knox, 6 volumes. A Christian classic. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1.
    Knox, John (1505-1572), The Works of John Knox (1846), vol. 1 of 6.
    http://archive.org/details/worksofjohnkn01knox
    "Here is a chance to touch the flame that ignited whole nations for covenanted Reformation. John Knox is considered by many to have been the most biblically consistent and thoroughgoing of all the great Reformers of the sixteenth century. 'John Knox was in fact the embodiment of the Scottish Reformation as its preacher, theologian, liturgist, historian, and catalyst for reform.' (Hall and Hall [editors], Paradigms in Polity: Classic Readings in Reformed and Presbyterian Church Government [Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1994], p. 219). 'With this concern for purity of worship,' notes Kevin Reed regarding Knox, 'it is no wonder that the Scottish Reformation was the most thorough among any of the Protestant nations.' (from the introduction to John Knox, True and False Worship: A Vindication of the Doctrine that the Sacrifice of the Mass is Idolatry [Dallas, TX: Presbyterian Heritage Publications, 1550 reprinted 1994], p. 14). 'I know not,' states George Smeaton, 'if ever so much piety and genius were lodged in such a frail and weak body. Certain I am, that it will be difficult to find one in whom the gifts of the Holy Spirit shone so bright to the comfort of the church.' (cited in Thomas M'Crie, The Life of John Knox [1831], p. 272). THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX listed here is the complete six volume set collected by David Laing, 1895. Concerning this 6 volume collection, Kyle, in THE MIND OF JOHN KNOX (p. 14), notes, 'The only real basis for a study of Knox's thought must be the writings of the reformer himself. From 1846 to 1864, David Laing collected and edited nearly all of Knox's extant writings. This remarkable collection, which scholars regard highly, is indispensable for any serious study of John Knox.' Contains much that is related to worship questions and the blessings that God pours out upon Churches that keep the second commandment -- as well as the curses that follow those who reject the regulative principle of worship." -- Publisher

  • Knox, John, Unedited History of the Reformation in Scotland Vol. 1 of 6.
    "Reid, in his TRUMPETER OF GOD, notes that Knox 'wrote history as a prophet' and that, wherever he could, he used original sources, many of which he reproduced. Furthermore, he proclaims that this 'is still a work that no one interested in this area can afford to neglect.' As W.C. Dickinson has commented, 'it is his monument, for in it he puts flesh and blood on the whole Reformation movement.' Innes (JOHN KNOX, p. 45), says of this work, 'the author who has enabled us to see his own confused and changing age under 'the broad clear light of that wonderful book' the History of the Reformation in Scotland, and who outside that book was the utterer of many an armed and winged word which pursues and smites us to this day, must have been born with nothing less than genius -- genius to observe, to narrate, and to judge. Even had he written as a mere recluse and critic, looking out upon his world from a monk's cell or from the corner of a housetop, the vividness, the tenderness, the sarcasm and the humour would still have been there.' Moreover, Burton writes, 'there certainly is in the English language no other parallel to it in clearness, vigour, and picturesqueness with which it renders the history of a stirring period.' (cited in Innes, John Knox, p. 45). This photocopy edition far surpasses the edited down version that is available in paperback. Over 600 pages of stirring Reformation history." -- Publisher
  • Knox, John, Unedited History of the Reformation in Scotland Vol. 2 of 6.
    "Knox portrayed the origins and development of a movement and not a mere chronology of events . . . Knox based his arguments on original sources and he often cited the documents in full. When Knox's History is compared to the contemporary vernacular narratives of Bishop Leslie and Sir James Melville, the superiority of Knox's work becomes evident. For the most part, these writers were preoccupied with petty details and had no conception of the momentous issues that hung on the events they recorded . . . Knox used history to demonstrate his single-track philosophy. And his philosophy said: 'The hearts of men, their thoughts, and their actions are but in the hands of God.' Lee said Knox's History was a sermon without an audience, a preaching book, one long inflammatory speech in behalf of God's truth as the reformer saw it.' (Kyle, The Mind of John Knox, p. 13). Our editions of volumes one and two of Knox's Works contain the only full, unedited version of Knox's massive History of the Reformation in Scotland available today." -- Publisher
  • Knox, John, Epistles, Admonitions, etc., Vol. 3 of 6
    "Includes 'That the Sacrifice of the Mass is Idolatry.' Also, writings on justification by faith, prayer, the Lord's supper, obedience to magistrates, an exposition of the sixth Psalm, letters of warning, comfort and more." -- Publisher
  • Knox, John, The Works of John Knox, Vol. 4 of 6
    "Includes 'The Appellation . . . to the Scottish Nobility,' 'The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women,' Answers Concerning Baptism, Form of Prayers/Sacraments in Geneva 1556, 'Letter to the Queen,' 'Summary of the Proposed Second Blast of the Trumpet,' and much more." -- Publisher
  • Knox, John, The Works of John Knox, Vol. 5 of 6
    "Includes 'On Predestination, in Answer to the Cavillations by an Anabaptist' (462 pp.), which Boettner, in his REFORMED DOCTRINE OF PREDESTINATION, calls Knox's 'chief theological work.' Also, A Letter to John Foxe, Names of Martyrs, etc. . . .
    "Includes the Life of Knox, Letters relating to Reformation in Scotland, The Book of Common Order, a debate concerning the Mass, Fasting, 'The Order of Excommunication and Public Repentance,' indices of names, places and the general index, etc. 755 pages." -- Publisher
  • Knox, John, The Works of John Knox, Vol. 6 of 6
    "Includes 'The Life of Knox,' 'John Knox Debates God's Law, Idolatry and Civil Resistance in the General Assembly of 1564,' 'The Scottish Confession of Faith (1560),' 'John Knox's Only Written Sermon - A Sermon on Isaiah 23:13-21, Preached in St. Giles's Church, Edinburgh, 19th August 1565,' 'A Letter of Wholesome Counsel Addressed to His Brethren in Scotland Or "What to do When There is no Faithful Church to Attend in Your Local Area" originally published in 1556,' 'Select Practical Writings of John Knox,' 'Against Romish Rites and Political and Ecclesiastical Tyranny, A Faithful Admonition to the Professors of God's Truth in England (1554),' 'An Admonition to Flee Idolatry, Romanism and all False Worship (1554),' 'An Answer to a Jesuit: The Marks of a True Church and Ministry: An Answer to a Letter Written by James Tyrie, A Scottish Jesuit, 1572,' 'Against an Anabaptist: In Defense of Predestination,' 'Against Apostasy and Indifference (An Epistle to the Inhabitants of New Castle and Berwick, 1558),' 'On Justification by Faith Alone,' 'National Repentance and Reformation (A Brief Exhortation to England for the Speedy Embracing of the Gospel, 1559),' 'Reformation, Revolution and Romanism: An Appeal to the Scottish Nobility (1558),' 'The Pulpit of the Reformation: "The Last Judgment," by John Welch,' "The Parable of the Householders," and "The Parable of the Tares," by Hugh Latimer.' 'John Knox to the King,' 'The Execution of Servetus for Blasphemy, Heresy, Obstinate Anabaptism,' 'Defended (excerpted from his Treatise on Predestination),' 'A Debate Between John Knox and Secretary Lethington on the Duty of Christian Subjects to Execute Judgement Upon Criminal Magistrates,' 'The Execution of Servetus for Blasphemy, Heresy, Obstinate Anabaptism, Defended (excerpted from John Knox's Treatise on Predestination),' 'It Is I Be Not Afraid,' 'The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women (1558),' and 'Sermon on Isaiah 26.'(sic, all of volume 6)
  • *Loane, Marcus L., Makers of Religious Freedom in the Seventeenth Century: Henderson, Rutherford, Bunyan, Baxter.
    "Students of church and state will appreciate this book because it narrates the vigorous struggle for religious freedom on the part of Alexander Henderson and Samuel Rutherford in Scotland, and John Bunyan and Richard Baxter in England." -- Cyril J. Barber

    *Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-Mystery of Sanctification: Growing in Holiness by Living in Union With Christ, ISBN: 189277724X. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    The Reformation Heritage Books edition is a reprint of the 1954 edition set by Oliphants and includes an introduction by Joel R. Beeke. Also includes the author's famous sermon on "The Doctrine of Justification Opened and Applied."
    See the WorldCat record for various foreign language editions.
    Other editions:
    Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-Mystery of Sanctification, ISBN: 1597520543 9781597520546.
    "This is by far the best book on the doctrine of Sanctification in print. It was originally written in the 17th century, but has been put into modern English with this edition. This book will help you better understand the Gospel and its power not only for our Justification, but our Sanctification as well." -- Reader's Comment
    Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-Mystery of Sanctification, ISBN: 1589600630 9781589600638.
    "Here you will read the most closely reasoned defense of scriptural sanctification to be found anywhere. . . . Fourteen directions are given to the reader, all perfected with the aim of explaining to sincere souls what sanctification is, what it is not, and how to attain a holy walk before God. . . ." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-mystery of Sanctification, Opened, in Sundry Practical Directions: Suited Especially to the Case of Those who Labor Under the Guilt and Power of Indwelling Sin. To Which is Added a Sermon on Justification (1859)
    http://archive.org/details/gospelmysteryofs02mars

    Mayhew, Jonathan, A Discourse Concerning Unlimited Submission and Non-Resistance to the Higher Powers, Jonathan Mayhew
    http://www.founding.com/library/lbody.cfm?id=230&parent=52

    *McFetridge, N.S., Calvinism in History. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "A splendid book." -- Loraine Boettner
    "The rich Reformation heritage of truth and freedom is set forth in four chapters: 1. Calvinism as a Political Force, 2. Calvinism as a Political Force in the History of the USA, 3. Calvinism as a Moral Force, 4. Calvinism as an Evangelizing Force." -- Publisher
    "Arminianism, taking to an aristocratic form of church government, tend toward a monarchy in civil affairs, while Calvinism, taking to a republican form of church government, tends toward a democracy in civil affairs."

    Morecraft, Joe, III, With Liberty and Justice for All, 2nd edition.
    "Joe Morecraft, III, was the pastor of the late Senator Larry McDonald, who was killed when the Russians shot down his plane. This is Christian politics made simple. A very readable book that will help you to think through the place of the government in our lives, namely, the government's authority and limitations. All this is done with many passages quoted from Scripture. There is a chapter on the life of Larry McDonald. . . ." -- FSP
    "What are Christians to do when the civil government is evil? Must they always obey the authorities? What are the origins of civil government? Does the Bible authorize the government to execute criminals? Is abortion murder if it is legal? Shouldn't Christians stay out of politics? This book answers these questions and many more. Dr. Morecraft, pastor of Chalcedon Presbyterian Church of Atlanta, seeks Biblical answers to these questions. An instructive book for today." -- GCB

    *Morey, Robert, The New Atheism and the Erosion of Freedom, ISBN: 0875523625 9780875523620.
    "Exposes the godless suppression of religious freedom today and presents effective ways to convert atheists to Christ. In case you have not noticed atheism/secular humanism is gaining ground. Are you grounded in what these philosophies teach? Can you refute them? Dr. Morey will show you how." -- GCB
    The American Atheist Union has said this is the most dangerous book ever written about religion.
    Includes bibliography.

    *Owen, John (1616-1683), Hebrews, 7 volume set, volumes 17-23 of Owen's WORKS (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1999). Alternate title: EXPOSITION OF HEBREWS and AN EXPOSITION OF THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS.

    This same Banner of Truth edition is available from (Grand Rapids, MI: Reformation Heritage Books, Inc.).
    "To master his works is to be a profound theologian." -- C.H. Spurgeon
    "THE work on Hebrews is John Owen's massive 4000-page commentary." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    See also: Owen, John (1616-1683), J.I. Packer (introduction, series editor), Alister McGrath (series editor), HEBREWS, an abridgement of the 7 volume work, 272 pages, ISBN: 1581340265 9781581340266 1856841847 9781856841849.
    "The author of Hebrews wanted his audience to know and understand one truth: Christ is superior, and therefore, so is Christianity. He demonstrates this by comparing the imperfect old covenant with the perfect new covenant. The person of Christ is better than prophets and angels, His priesthood is greater than that of Melchizedek and the line of Aaron, and His power within the believer's life is incomparable. Between these contrasts he exhorts the readers to persevere in their faith, be obedient, grow in their understanding, and not miss the grace of God. The lessons and admonitions of Hebrews have intensely practical application for all readers -- then and now.
    "Know as the 'theologian's theologian' John Owen (1616-1683), was vice chancellor of Oxford University and served as advisor and chaplain to Oliver Cromwell. Among the most learned and active Puritans in seventeenth-century Europe, he was a erudite and accomplished theologian both in doctrine and practical theology." -- Publisher
    Owen, John (1616-1683), An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews; With the Preliminary Exercitations. By John Owen, D.D. Revised and abridged; . . . By Edward Williams, 4 vols.
    Owen, Hebrews, vol. 1 of 3
    http://archive.org/details/expositionofepis184001owen
    Owen, Hebrews, vol. 2 of 3
    http://archive.org/details/expositionofepis184002owen
    Owen, Hebrews, vol. 3 of 3
    http://archive.org/details/expositionofepis184003owen

    Ridley, Jasper, John Knox, 1968).
    "The theory of the justification of revolution is Knox's special contribution to theological and political thought." -- Jasper Ridley

    *Robbins, John (1949-2008), Freedom and Capitalism: Essays on Christian Politics and Economics, ISBN: 1891777157 9781891777158.
    "The relationship between Christianity, freedom, and capitalism has been a subject of scholarly study for centuries. In this volume, John Robbins argues that political and economic freedom are the results of Biblical Christianity. Political freedom and capitalism arose in Northwestern Europe and North America after the Christian Reformation of the 16th century, and they are unique in world history. The nations and peoples that heard and accepted the Gospel of Jesus Christ as proclaimed by the Reformers quickly became free and prosperous on a scale previously unimaginable. Some historians and economists have denied any causal connection between Christianity, freedom, and capitalism, but they are able to deny this connection only by ignoring clear philosophical, economic, legal, sociological, and historical evidence demonstrating that Christianity is the source of capitalism.
    "Dr. John W. Robbins attended Grove City College (A.B. 1969), and The Johns Hopkins University (M.A. 1970, Ph.D. 1973). He has served as chief of staff for a Member of Congress, editor of The Freeman magazine, Economist for The Heritage Foundation, and Professor of Political Philosophy in The Freedom School." -- Publisher
    Table of Contents: Foreword | Politics | The Founder of Western Civilization | The Sine Qua Non of Enduring Freedom | Some Problems with Natural Law | The Political Philosophy of the Founding Fathers | The Bible and the Draft | The Messianic Character of American Foreign Policy | Truth and Foreign Policy | Compassionate Fascism | Conservatism: An Autopsy | Rightwing Radical Chic | The Reconstructionist Assault on Freedom | Roman Catholic Totalitarianism | The Relation of Church and State (Charles Hodge) | Abortion, the Christian, and the State | The Ethics and Economics of Health Care | The Chickens' Homecoming (John Whitehead) | The Coming Caesars (John Whitehead) | Rebuilding American Freedom in the Twenty-first Century | The Religious Wars of the Twenty-First Century
    Economics: The Failure of Secular Economics | The Promise of Christian Economics | Teaching Economics from the Bible | The Neo-Evangelical Assault on Capitalism | The Reformed Assault on Capitalism | The Roman Catholic Assault on Capitalism | How Romanism Ruined America | Not Yours to Give (Edward Ellis) | Money, Freedom, and the Bible | The Case Against Indexation | Is Christianity Tied to Any Political or Economic System? | Ecology: The Abolition of Man | Scripture Index | Index | The Crisis of Our Time | Intellectual Ammunition

    *Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Money, Freedom and the Bible.
    "Paul does not regard government as provider of income, health care, education, national parks, money, or any of the other services common to our modern welfare states; its function is quite simple: to punish wrongdoers." A lecture given at the Gold Standard Corporation Conference, August 1989.

    *Rushdoony, Rousas J., (1916-2001), Christianity and the State, ISBN: 9996717755. Available through Exodus Books.
    "The need to return to a Biblical doctrine of civil government is evidenced by our century's worldwide drift into tyranny. Humanism invariably rushes in to fill the world's theological vacuums: the need of the hour is to restore a full-orbed, Biblical, theology of the state. This work sets forth that theology." -- GCB

    *Rushdoony, Rousas J., (1916-2001), Law and Liberty. Available through Exodus Books.
    "With a small but growing voice Christians everywhere in our country are questioning old ideas that have been entrenched in our system for the last 100 years. He discusses the law and morality, liberty, pornography, the family, abortion, justice, and many other topics." -- GCB

    *Rushdoony, R.J., (1916-2001), The Nature of the American System. Available through Exodus Books.
    "Originally published in 1965, these essays were a continuation of the author's previous work, THIS INDEPENDENT REPUBLIC, and examine the interpretations and concepts which have attempted to remake and rewrite America's past and present. 'The writing of history then, because man is neither autonomous, objective or ultimately creative, is always in terms of a framework, a philosophical and ultimately religious framework in the mind of the historian.' To the orthodox Christian, the shabby incarnations of the reigning historiographies are both absurd and offensive. They are idols, and he is forbidden to bow down to them and must indeed wage war against them." -- Publisher

    *Rushdoony, R.J., (1916-2001), This Independent Republic: Studies in the Nature and Meaning of American History. Available through Exodus Books.
    "First published in 1964 and out of print for many years, this series of essays gives important insight into American history by one who could trace American development in terms of the Christian ideas which gave it direction.
    "These essays will greatly alter your understanding of, and appreciation for, American history. Topics discussed include: The legal issues behind the War of Independence; Sovereignty as a theological tenet foreign to colonial political thought and the Constitution; The desire for land as a consequence of the belief in 'inheriting the land' as a future blessing, not an immediate economic asset; Federalism's localism as an inheritance of feudalism; The local control of property as a guarantee of liberty; Why federal elections were long considered of less importance than local politics; How early American ideas attributed to democratic thought were based on religious ideals of communion and community; and The absurdity of a mathematical concept of equality being applied to people. With index." -- Publisher

    *Rutherford, Samuel, (1600-1661), A Free Disputation Against Pretended Liberty of Conscience, 1649. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #9, #25, and #26.
    "Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION, though scarce, is still one of his most important works with maybe only a few copies of the actual book left in existence. Though Rutherford is affectionately remembered in our day for his LETTERS, or for laying the foundations of constitutional government (against the divine right of kings), in his unsurpassed LEX, REX his FREE DISPUTATION should not be overlooked for it contains the same searing insights as LEX, REX. In fact, this book should probably be known as Rutherford's 'politically incorrect' companion volume to LEX, REX. A sort of sequel aimed at driving pluralists and antinomians insane. Written against 'the Belgick Arminians, Socinians, and other Authors contending for lawless liberty, or licentious Tolerations of Sects and Heresies,' Rutherford explains the undiluted Biblical solution to moral relativism, especially as it is expressed in ecclesiastical and civil pluralism! (Corporate pluralism being a violation of the first commandment and an affront to the holy God of Scripture). He also deals with conscience, toleration, penology (punishment), and the judicial laws, as related to both the civil and ecclesiastical realms. Excellent sections are also included which address questions related to determining the fundamentals of religion, how covenants bind us, the perpetual obligation of social covenants (with direct application to the Solemn League and Covenant and the covenant-breaking of Cromwell and his sectarian supporters), whether the punishing of seducing teachers be persecution of conscience, and much more. Walker adds these comments and context regarding Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION, 'The principle of toleration was beginning to be broached in England, and in a modified shape to find acceptance there. Samuel Rutherford was alarmed, or rather, I should say, he was horrified, for he neither feared the face of man or argument. He rushed to the rescue of the good old view . . . It is not so easy to find a theoretical ground for toleration; and Rutherford has many plausible things to say against it. With the most perfect confidence, he argues that it is alike against Scripture and common sense that you should have two religions side by side. It is outrageous ecclesiastically, it is sinful civilly. He does not, however, take what I call the essentially persecuting ground. He does not hold that the magistrate is to punish religion as religion. Nay, he strongly maintains that the civil magistrate never aims at the conscience. The magistrate, he urges, does not send anyone, whether a heretic (who is a soul murderer -- RB), or a murderer, to the scaffold with the idea of producing conversion or other spiritual result, but to strengthen the foundations of civil order. But if he gives so much power to the king, he is no lover of despotism withal: the king himself must be under law. To vindicate this great doctrine is the object of another book, the celebrated LEX, REX; of which it has been said by one competent to judge, that it first clearly developed the constitutionalism which all men now accept.' (Theology and Theologians . . . pp. 11-12). In our day Francis Schaeffer, and numerous others, have critiqued many of the problems found in modern society, but most have spent little time developing explicitly Biblical solutions especially regarding the theoretical foundations that Rutherford addresses here. Rutherford's FREE DISPUTATION provides a detailed blueprint for laying the foundations that must be laid before any lasting, God-honoring solutions will be found. Furthermore, Rutherford and his writings were the enemies of all governments not covenanted with Christ. This book will give you a very clear picture as to why 'the beast' (civil and ecclesiastical), has reserved his special hatred for such teaching. As Samuel Wylie noted 'the dispute, then, will not turn upon the point whether religion should be civilly established . . . but it is concerning what religion ought to be civilly established and protected, -- whether the religion of Jesus alone should be countenanced by civil authority, or every blasphemous, heretical, and idolatrous abomination which the subtle malignity of the old serpent and a heart deceitful above all things and desperately wicked, can frame and devise, should be put on an equal footing therewith." -- The Two Sons of Oil; or, the Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis. Can our generation swallow Rutherford's hard, anti-pluralistic, Covenanter medicine, poured forth from the bottle of the first commandment, without choking on their carnal dreams of a free and righteous society divorced from God (and His absolute claims upon everyone and everything)? Not without the enabling power of the Holy Spirit -- that is for sure! In summary, this book answers all the hardest questions theonomists (and their wisest and best opponents), have been asking for the last 20-30 years (and these answers are much more in depth than any we have seen in the last couple of millennia. [less about a century to account for the apostles]). As the reader will discover, Rutherford was a wealthy man when it came to wisdom (and much advanced theologically), and those who take the time to gaze into the King's treasure house, as exhibited in this book, will find that they are greatly rewarded. Furthermore, because of its uncompromising stand upon the Word of God, this book is sure to be unpopular among a wicked and adulterous generation. However, on the other hand, it is sure to be popular among the covenanted servants of King Jesus! This is one of the best books (in the top five anyway), for advanced study of the Christian faith. We have now obtained an easy-to-read, amazingly clear copy of this very rare, old treasure. Great price too, considering that a copy of the 1649 edition, containing this quality of print, would likely cost upwards of $1000 on the rare book market -- though it is unlikely you would ever see a copy for sale!" -- Publisher
    A Brotherly and Free Epistle to the Patrons and Friends of Pretended Liberty of Conscience, Samuel Rutherford
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/anti_toleration/rutherfurd_epistle_against_pretendedlibertyofconscience.html
    The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
    http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

    Schutz, John Howard, and Wayne A. Meeks (introduction), Paul and the Anatomy of Apostolic Authority, ISBN: 9780664228125 0664228127.
    "Investigates the nature of authority as applied to the Apostles, particularly to Paul, and discusses the ramifications of that in terms of man's need for structures and his tendency to abuse power." -- Cyril J. Barber

    Sibbes, Richard, (1577-1635), Glorious Freedom, ISBN: 0851517919. Alternate title: THE EXCELLENCY OF THE GOSPEL ABOVE THE LAW. Available (THE WORKS OF RICHARD SIBBES), on the Puritan Hard Drive.

    Willson, James R. (1780-1853), The Written Law: or, The Law of God Revealed in the Scriptures by Christ as Mediator: The Rule of Duty to Christian Nations in Civil Institutions.
    Willson, James R. (1780-1853), The Written Law, or The Law of God Revealed in the Scriptures, by Christ as Mediator; The Rule of Duty to Christian Nations to Civil Institutions
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/18/james-r-willsons-sermon-on-the-written-law
    Covenanter and Reformed Presbyterian Pamphlets
    http://www.covenanter.org/pamphlets/

    Woods, David Walker, John Witherspoon, ISBN: 9781432672799 1432672797.
    "A republic once equally poised must either preserve its virtue or lose its liberty. . . . He is the best friend of American liberty who is most sincere and active in promoting pure and undefiled religion." -- John Witherspoon
    "John Witherspoon, a Presbyterian minister and president of what is now Princeton University, was the only pastor to sign the Declaration of Independence." -- Francis Schaeffer

    See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Freedom: a gift of the grace of God, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), Christian liberty, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Christianity and democracy, The utter failure of the u.s. constitution as a social deed of covenant, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, Civil government, Covenant theology and covenanting, Slavery, our systems of enslavement, economic enslavement, and so forth, and so on.

    Related WebLinks

    Corporate Faithfulness and Sanctification (part 2)
    http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr9chb.html

    The Scottish Covenanting Struggle, Alexander Craighead, and the Mecklenburg Declaration
    http://www.lettermen2.com/craig.html

    Church Government
    http://www.covenanter.org/subjects-1/2015/6/29/church-government Civil Government

    The Mayflower Compact
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayflower_Compact

    Sprinkle Publications
    http://www.sprinklepub.com/aboutus.htm



    Acts of Faithful Assemblies

    And I will make thee unto this people a fenced brasen wall: and they shall fight against thee, but they shall not prevail against thee: for I am with thee to save thee and to deliver thee, saith the LORD.
    And I will deliver thee out of the hand of the wicked, and I will redeem thee out of the hand of the terrible.
    (Jeremiah 15:20, 21)

    But the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do exploits. (Daniel 11:32b)

    We all and every one of us under-written, protest, That, after long and due examination of our own consciences in matters of true and false religion, we are now thoroughly resolved in the truth by the word and Spirit of God: and therefore we believe with our hearts, confess with our mouths, subscribe with our hands, and constantly affirm, before God and the whole world, that this only is the true Christian faith and religion, pleasing God, and bringing salvation to man, which now is, by the mercy of God, revealed to the world by the preaching of the blessed evangel; and is received, believed, and defended by many and sundry notable kirks and realms, but chiefly by the kirk of Scotland, the King's Majesty, and three estates of this realm, as God's eternal truth, and only ground of our salvation; as more particularly is expressed in the Confession of our Faith, established and publickly confirmed by sundry acts of Parliaments, and now of a long time hath been openly professed by the King's Majesty, and whole body of this realm both in burgh and land. To the which Confession and Form of Religion we willingly agree in our conscience in all points, as unto God's undoubted truth and verity, grounded only upon his written word. . . . And therefore we abhor and detest all contrary religion and doctrine. . . . -- The National Covenant of Scotland, subscribed at different times: 1580, 1581, 1590, 1638, 1639, 1640, 1650, 1651, in The Westminster Confession of Faith (1646), p. 347

    Acheson, Thomas Houston, Why Covenanters do not Vote.
    Why Covenanters do not Vote, Thomas Acheson
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2016/11/4/why-covenanters-do-not-vote?

    Anonymous, An Attestation to the Testimony of our Reverend Brethren of the Province of London to the Truth of Jesus Christ, and to our Solemn League and Covenant as also against the errours, heresies, and blasphemies of these times, and the toleration of them, resolved on by the ministers of Cheshire, at their meeting May 2, and subscribed at their next meeting, June 6, 1648.

    Anonymous, The Concurrent Testimony of the Ministers in the County of VViltes, With Their Reverend Brethren the Ministers of the Province of london, to the Truth of Jesus Christ, and to the Solemn League and Covenant: As also, against the errors, heresies, and blasphemies of these times, and the toleration of them, 1648.

    Anonymous, Ministers of Perth and Fife, A Testimony to the Truth of Jesus Christ to the Doctrine, Worship, Discipline and Government of the Kirk of Scotland and to the National Covenant of Scotland and to the Solemn League and Covenant of the Three Nations, England, Scotland and Ireland and to the Work of Uniformity in Religion and against the errors, heresies, blasphemies and diverse practices of the times, especially against the vast toleration now on foot in these nations / by sundry ministers of the Gospel in the provinces of Perth and Fife, Ephesians 6:14,15; 2 Timothy 1:7,8, 1648. Alternate title: A TESTIMONY TO THE TRUETH OF JESUS CHRIST, AND TO OUR SOLEMN LEAGUE AND COVENANT, 1660. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "A letter from several ministers homologating the former testimony."
    "Notes: Signed on page 44 by Mr. Samuel Rutherford and 5 others. A letter from several ministers homologating the former testimony: page 45-48."
    Anonymous, Ministers of Perth and Fife, Ministers of Perth and Fife. A Testimony to the Truth of Jesus Christ.
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/anti_toleration/testimony_against_cromwells_toleration.html

    Anonymous, A Testimony to the Truth of Jesus Christ, and to our Solemn League and Covenant: As Also Against the Errours, Heresies, and Blasphemies of These Times, and the toleration of them subscribed by the ministers of Christ within the Province of London, Decemb. 14 &c. 1647.

    Associated Reformed Presbytery (Reformed Presbytery in Scotland), The Constitution of the Associate-Reformed Synod in America Considered, Disowned, and Testifyed Against, as Inconsistent With the Reformation-constitution of Britain and Ireland.
    The Constitution of the Associate Reformed Synod in America considered, disowned and testifyed against
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/reformed_presbytery_testimony_against_ars_constitution.html?doc_banner_show=false

    *Associate Synod of Scotland (1733-1820), A Solemn Warning . . . Wherein the Great Sin, Danger, and Duty of the Present Generation in These Lands, are Pointed out and Declared (1758). Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "A stinging rebuke against personal, ecclesiastical and national sins; with the intent to turn the readers of this title from these sins and thus avoid God's wrath: for the LORD is the true God, he is the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation." (Jer. 10:10 [Jeremiah 10:10]) -- Publisher

    *Barrow, Gregory, The Covenanted Reformation Defended Against Contemporary Schismatics. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, #19, #23, #27.
    "A primer for the Covenanted Reformation, this is the best starting point for the new reader. It organizes the hundreds of Covenanted Reformation reprints into a logical defense of the theological landmarks established by our forefathers, with copious bibliographic references, many to e-text. An extraordinary document.
    "Unsurpassed on points related to the Lord's supper and covenanting (as set forth by the best Reformers and best Reformed churches). Especially strong on citations from Calvin and the Westminster Assembly. Deals with many foundational aspects of the Covenanted Reformation (which gave us the Westminster Standards and the Solemn League and Covenant), from numerous original source documents (from the Westminster Assembly's advice to the English Parliament on the Lord's Supper to the official records of Calvin's Covenanting in Geneva). Comprehensive and compelling, this is a shocking (and sometimes advanced), look at what really took place during both the first and second Reformations -- with extensive quotations from the writings of the major Reformers (not just quotes from what others have written about them). It conclusively and irrefutably demonstrates that those churches which today call themselves Presbyterian (and even many which claim a more general Reformed heritage), have seriously departed from the Scriptural standards, principles and worship of these previous Spirit-led Reformations. It is written in an easy-to-read and easy-to-understand format and is an unsurpassed work that should not be missed by anyone interested in real Reformation in our day. This is without a doubt the best book to read if you want to understand what it means to be a Covenanter and to walk in the blood-stained footsteps of the witnessing church (Christ's Covenanted and Reformed flock), (Song of Solomon 1:8)!" -- Publisher
    Publisher's Preface to The Covenanted Reformation Defended Against Contemporary Schismatics
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/pub_pref.htm
    Eschewing Ecclesiastical Tyranny (Protestant Biblical Separation)
    "1 Corinthians 2:15. The classic Reformation position on biblical separation, Protestant private judgment, the visible church, etc. -- contra Antichrist (the Papacy), and wayward liberal Protestants. This is Appendix G from THE COVENANTED REFORMATION DEFENDED: 'A brief examination of Mr. Bacon's principles regarding the visible church and the use of private judgment. Also, some observations regarding his ignoble attack upon Mr. Kevin Reed in his book entitled The Visible Church in the Outer Darkness'." -- Publisher
    The Covenanted Reformation Defended, e-text
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/CovRefGB.htm
    The Covenanted Reformation Defended, audio files
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?sermonID=7702201426
    The Covenanted Reformation Defended Against Contemporary Schismatics: A Response and Antidote Primarily to the Neopresbyterian Malignancy and Misrepresentations and the Manufactured 'Steelite' Controversy, Found in Richard Bacon's "A Defense Departed . . ."
    http://books.google.com/books?id=LG5EHQAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

    Barrow, Gregory, Eschewing Ecclesiastical Tyranny (Protestant Biblical Separation), (debate with Richard Bacon), 1 Corinthians 2:15, narrated by Larry Burger.
    Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #24.
    "The classic Reformation position on biblical separation, Protestant private judgment, the visible church, etc. -- contra Antichrist (the Papacy), and wayward liberal Protestants. This is Appendix G from THE COVENANTED REFORMATION DEFENDED: 'A brief examination of Mr. Bacon's principles regarding the visible church and the use of private judgment. Also, some observations regarding his ignoble attack upon Mr. Kevin Reed in his book entitled THE VISIBLE CHURCH IN THE OUTER DARKNESS'." -- Publisher
    The Covenanted Reformation Defended, e-text
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/CovRefGB.htm
    The Covenanted Reformation Defended, audio files
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?sermonID=7702201426
    The Covenanted Reformation Defended Against Contemporary Schismatics: A Response and Antidote Primarily to the Neopresbyterian Malignancy and Misrepresentations and the Manufactured 'Steelite' Controversy, Found in Richard Bacon's "A Defense Departed . . ."
    http://books.google.com/books?id=LG5EHQAACAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

    Boggs, John H., Our Political Protest and why Covenanters do not Vote: A Discourse, 1872. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #26.

    Brinsley, John, The Saints Solemn Covenant With Their God: As it was Opened in a Sermon Preached at Beccles in the Countie of Suffolk, at the Taking of the Nationall Covenant There, by the Ministers and Other Officers of That Division. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.

    *Clarkson, Andrew, Plain Reasons for Presbyterians Dissenting From the Revolution-Church in Scotland: As Also, Their Principles Concerning Civil Government, and the difference betwixt the reformation and revolution principles. Published for confirming the weak, and informing of the misinformed in those matters. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #6, #24, #26.
    "An exceedingly rare and important book now back in print after 265 years! The Contending Witness magazine (May, 1841), described PLAIN REASONS as 'the single best volume penned defending the principles of the Second Reformation.' It sets forth 'the grounds why Presbyterian Dissenters refused to hold communion with the revolution church and state.' (Reformed Presbytery, Act Declaration and Testimony for the Whole of Our Covenanted Reformation, p. 154). These principles still apply today and this still remains one of the best books explaining why and when an individual (our church), should separate itself from those (in church or state), who do not hold fast to all the attainments of our covenanted forefathers." -- Publisher
    Clarkson, Andrew, Plain Reasons for Presbyterians Dissenting from the Revolution Church of Scotland. Also, Their Principles Concerning Civil Government, and the Difference Betwixt the Reformation and Revolution Principles, 1731.
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/PlainTOC.htm
    Plain Reasons for Presbyterians Dissenting From the Revolution Church of Scotland (A Short Article Holding Forth the Principles of the Book by the Same Name) excerpted from The Contending Witness, Vol. I., No. 1, April, 1841.
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/magazine/contending_witness_plain_reasons_of_dissent.html

    Cook, Thomas (pastor of Drayton Magna), A Testimony of the Ministers in the Province of Salop, to the Truth of Iesus Christ, and to the Solemn League and Covenant: as Also Against the Errors, heresies, and blasphemies of these times, and the toleration of them. Sent up to the ministers within the province of London, subscribers of the first testimony, 1648.

    Covenanted General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and OTHERS, Official Acts, Declarations, Protestations, etc., Concerning the Covenanted Reformation, 686 pages. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available in THE CONFESSIONS OF FAITH, CATECHISMS, DIRECTORIES, FORM OF CHURCH-GOVERNMENT, DISCIPLINE &C, OF PUBLIC AUTHORITY IN THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND: TOGETHER WITH THE ACTS OF ASSEMBLY CONCERNING THE DOCTRINE, WORSHIP, DISCIPLINE AND GOVERNMENT OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND.
    "Contains 24 rare documents from the period 1638-1650. One document, 'The Act of Covenant Renovation' (1880) by the Reformed Presbytery (which was a faithful renewal of the National Covenant and the Solemn League and Covenant [adapted to the present time], with a confession of public sins), is added from outside this period to illustrate the continuing obligations that rest upon the moral person (civilly and ecclesiastically). Among the seventeenth century documents we find much (from both the church and the state), that relates to the central place that covenanting played in the second Reformation. We also find various authoritative international testimonies against Popery, Prelacy and Schism (i.e. Independency, Cromwell, etc.), and for biblical covenanted uniformity, divine right Presbyterian church government, and apostolic worship.
    "Military documents related to the second Reformation are also added. One proclamation by Charles I is even included, to illustrate Royalist opposition to Reformation." -- Publisher

    Craighead, Alexander, (1707-1766), The Reasons of Mr. Alexander Craighead's Receding From the Present Judicatories of This Church, Together With its Constitution; To Which is Annexed a Preface to the Reader, to Discover the Basis or Foundation on which the Reasons are Built (Philadelphia, PA: B. Franklin, 1743). Presbyterian Historical Society Microcard Evans no. 4.
    "Craighead adhered to the Reformed Presbyterians from 1742 to 1749, but was never actually received as an RP minister. John Cuthbertson, who was sent out by the Reformed Presbytery in Scotland in 1751, was the first RP minister to serve in the New World. It fell to him, together with Matthew Linn and Alexander Dobbin, to organize the Reformed Presbytery, on March 10, 1774, at Paxtang, Pennsylvania. The printer was Benjamin Franklin!" -- Gordon J. Keddie "Bring the Book: A Bibliography of the Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America, 1743 -- 1992" in Reformed Presbyterians in the New World, a special issue of Semper Reformadnda, Vol. 1, No. 3, Fall 1992, ISSN: 1065-3783.
    Craighead, Alexander, (1707-1766), The Reasons of Mr. Alexander Craighead's Receding From the Present Judicatories of This Church . . . 1743
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/kirkgovt/creaghead_reasons_of_receding_1743.html

    *Craighead, Alexander, (1707-1766), Renewal of the Covenants, National and Solemn League; A Confession of Sins; An Engagement to Duties; and a Testimony; as They Were Carried on at Middle Octorara in Pennsylvania, November 11, 1743. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27. A microform copy is held at the Reformed Presbyterian Theological Seminary and Presbyterian Historical Society.
    "A fascinating Covenanter document proclaiming that 'to the Calvinistic system of principles, and the Presbyterian form of government, this nation (the United States), is largely indebted for its civil independence and republican polity. John Calvin and John Knox are the real founders of American liberties. Their teachings, plainly deducible from the Word of God, were disseminated by the persecuted remnant of the Church of Scotland, and were generally incorporated in the structure of American independence.' Furthermore, Glasgow, in his introduction, points out that Craighead's covenanting work formed a basis for the national Declaration of Independence, which followed shorter thereafter. 'For seven years Mr. Craighead labored among the Covenanter societies; but failing to receive assistance from Scotland, he removed, in 1749, to Virginia, thence to Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. There he became identified with the Presbytery in connection with the Presbyterian Church. Being thoroughly imbued, however, with the principles of the Scotch Covenanters, Mr. Craighead taught them to his people around Charlotte. They in turn formulated them into the First Declaration of Independence, emitted at Charlotte, NC, May, 1775. According to a reliable author (Wheeler's REMINISCENCES, p. 278), Thomas Jefferson says in his autobiography that when he was engaged in preparing the National Declaration of Independence, that he and his colleagues searched everywhere for formulas, and that the printed proceedings of Octorara, as well as the Mecklenburg Declaration, were before him, and that he freely used ideas therein contained. It is difficult to determine, therefore, the real author of American Independence. Undoubtedly the principles of the Covenanters at Octarara in 1743, the sentiments of the Presbyterians at Charlotte in 1775, and the Declaration submitted by Jefferson in 1776, contain one and the same great principles. 'Honor to whom honor is due.' However, Glasgow also reports, 'hence the Declaration of American Independence was justifiable. But when the newly-born nation ignored the God of battles, rejected the authority of the Prince of the kings of the earth, and refused to administer the government in accordance with the requirements of the Divine Law, then the same loyal Covenanters, faithful to their principles and consistent with their history through all the struggles of the centuries, dissented from the Constitution of the United States, and are justifiable in the continuance of this position of political dissent so long as the government retains its character of political atheism. We may rightfully declare our independence of wicked men and rebellious nations, but we cannot declare our independence of God, and set up a government regardless of His authority, without incurring His wrath and suffering from His desolating judgements. 'Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord.' This rare book contains much that is exceedingly valuable and the section titled 'The Declaration, Protestation, and Testimony of a Suffering Remnant of the Anti-Popish, Anti-Lutheran, Anti-Prelatic, Anti-Erastian, Anti-Latitudinarian, Anti-Sectarian, True Presbyterian Church of Christ, in America,' is well worth the price of the book itself. With Glasgow, we set this book forth 'trusting that his work will be of historical value to all Covenanters, and interesting to all other readers,' with the hope of 'enkindling a flame of love for the glorious principles of the Word of God, and arousing an interest in the great work of National Reformation'." -- Publisher
    "The first RP church in America was established at Paxtang, Pa., in 1721, and the second at Middle Octorara, Pa., in 1732, both by immigrants from Scotland and Ireland. A third edition was published in 1895 in Beaver Falls, PA." -- Gordon J. Keddie
    Craighead, Renewal of the Covenants at Middle Octorara, Pennsylvania
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/covenants/octorara_covenant_renewal.html
    The Scottish Covenanting Struggle, Alexander Craighead, and the Mecklenburg Declaration
    http://www.lettermen2.com/craig.html

    Dick, John (d. 1684), A Testimony to the Doctrine, Worship, Discipline, and Government of the Church of Scotland, and the covenanted work of reformation as it was profess'd in the three kingdoms, 1684.

    *Howie, John, (1735-1793, collector and transcriber), Michael Shields, James Guthrie, John Kid, John King, et al., Faithful Contendings Displayed: Being an Historical Relation of the State and Actings of the Suffering Remnant in the Church of Scotland Subsisted in Select Societies, and Were United in General Correspondencies During the Hottest Time of the Late Persecution, viz. From the Year 1681 to 1691: together with an account of the State of the land in general, and of the society people in particular, in the intervals betwixt each of their general meetings, with some pertinent remarks upon these historical occurrences, and many letters to and from the general correspondent meetings, 1780, ISBN: 1171237324 9781171237327 0548345945 9780548345948. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    The long title continues: "Collected and kept in record by Mr. Michael Shields, who was clerk unto these general societies, and personally present at most of their meetings. To which is added, ten considerations on the danger of apostacy and defection from a covenanted work of reformation. By Mr. James Guthrie, sometime minister of the Gospel at Stirling. As also, a collection of very valuable sermons, preached by these faithful and eminent servants of Jesus Christ, Messrs. John Kid, John King, John Welch, John Blackadder, John Dickson, and Gabriel Semple. Collected and transcribed by John Howie, and published at the desire of some of those who desire to own the same testimony that some of those authors owned and sealed with their blood." -- long title continued
    "Howie is famous for his BIOGRAPHIA SCOTICANA: OR, A BRIEF HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF THE LIVES, CHARACTERS, AND MEMORABLE TRANSACTIONS OF THE MOST EMINENT SCOTS WORTHIES (often just called SCOTS WORTHIES), but this work is just as valuable. A massive, rare classic, in which Howie aims at 'the gaining of friends unto, or confirming them in the covenanted interest, in a subserviency to God's glory and the good of His church' (preface, p. xxiv). Contains much information on the Reformation and the sufferings of the Covenanters which is found nowhere else (to our knowledge)." -- Publisher

    *Kerr, James (editor), The Covenants and the Covenanters: Covenants, Sermons, and Documents of the Covenanted Reformation. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1.
    "The Reformed Presbytery (in 1879), has well noted the following incongruity that is still with us today, 'We heard from various quarters the cry, 'maintain the truth, stand up for the principles of the Second Reformation:' and yet many of those who are the most loud in uttering this cry, appear desirous to bury in oblivion those imperishable national and ecclesiastical deeds, by which the church and kingdom of Scotland became 'married to the Lord,' (A Short Vindication of our Covenanted Reformation, p. 20). This book should go a long way to remedying the above noted ignorance and hypocrisy among those who now call upon the name of the Lord especially those who claim a Reformation heritage and are still open to further growth as it spells out in no uncertain terms what lay at the heart of the Second Reformation. Moreover, these covenants (landmarks of the Lord), stand as beacons to all nations of their continuing moral duty to bind themselves to Christ (First Commandment), or suffer His avenging wrath (Ps. 2 [Psalm 2]). And make no mistake about it, the Lord will utterly destroy all those who quarrel with His covenant bonds, whether individuals, churches or nations the mystery of iniquity will fall! The prefatory note to this magnificent volume well describes its value: The Covenants, Sermons, and Papers in this volume carry the readers back to some of the brightest periods in Scottish history. They mark important events in that great struggle by which these three kingdoms (England, Scotland and Ireland -- RB), were emancipated from the despotisms of Pope, Prince, and Prelate, and an inheritance of liberty secured for these Islands of the Sea. The whole achievements of the heroes of the battlefields are comprehended under that phrase of Reformers and Martyrs, 'The Covenanted Work of Reformation.' The attainments of those stirring times were bound together by the Covenants, as by rings of gold. The Sermons here were the product of the ripe thought of the main actors in the various scenes -- men of piety, learning, and renown. Hence, the nature, objects, and benefits of personal and national Covenanting are exhibited in a manner fitted to attract to that ordinance the minds and hearts of men. The readers can well believe the statements of Livingstone, who was present at several ceremonies of covenant-renovation: 'I never saw such motions from the Spirit of God. I have seen more than a thousand persons all at once lifting up their hands, and the tears falling down from their eyes.' In the presence of the defenses of the Covenants as deeds, by these preachers, the baseless aspersions of novelists and theologians fade out into oblivion. True Christians must, as they ponder these productions, be convinced that the Covenanters were men of intepreachers, the baseless aspersions of novelists and theologians fade out into oblivion. True Christians must, as they ponder these productions, be convinced that the Covenanters were men of intense faith and seraphic fervour, and their own hearts will burn as they catch the heavenly flame. Members of the Church of Christ will be stirred to nobler efforts for the Kingdom of their Lord as they meditate on the heroism of those who were the 'chariots of Israel and the horsemen thereof;' and they will behold with wonder that 'to the woman were given two wings of And Statesman will discover how princes, parliaments, and peoples united in the hearty surrender of themselves to the Prince of the kings and kingdoms of the earth; and will be aroused to promote that policy of Christian Statesmanship which, illustrating the purpose and will of God, the Father, shall liberate Parliaments and nations from the bonds of false religions, and assert for them those liberties and honours which spring from the enthronement of the Son of man, and King of kings and Lord of lords. This volume of documents of olden times is sent out on a mission of Revival of Religion, personal and national, in the present times. It would do a noble work if it helped to humble classes and masses, and led them to return as one man to that God in covenant from Whom all have gone so far away. A national movement, in penitence and faith, for the repeal of the Acts Recissory and the recognition of the National Covenants would be as life from the dead throughout the British Empire. The people and rulers of these dominions shall yet behold the brilliancy of the Redeemer's crowns; and shall, by universal consent, exalt Him who rules in imperial majesty over the entire universe of God. For, 'The seventh angel sounded, and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the Kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ.' Here we have some of the most moving sermons ever addressed to a people and their nations, given before the most solemn of occasions national covenant renewal! Alexander Henderson, Andrew Cant, Joseph Caryl, Edmond Calamy and a host of other Puritan Covenanters (even the turncoat Independent Philip Nye), are included here in easy to read modern (1895) type. Anyone interested in seeing the royal prerogatives of King Jesus once again trumpeted throughout the nations, on a national and international scale, needs this book for these men 'were setting up landmarks by which the city of God will be known at the dawn of the millennial day'." (Thomas Sproull cited in the Reformed Presbytery's Short Vindication, p. 38) -- Publisher
    Kerr, James, (1847-1905), The Covenants and the Covenanters: Covenants, Sermons, and Documents of the Covenanted Reformation. Introd. on the National Covenants by James Kerr (1895)
    http://archive.org/details/covenantscovenan00kerr
    The Covenants and the Covenanters
    Project Gutenberg free e-text online.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/19100
    The Covenants and the Covenanters: Covenants, Sermons and Documents of the Covenanted Reformation. Introd. on the National Covenants
    http://books.google.com/books?id=nrdKAAAAMAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html

    Lee, Francis Nigel, Westminster Confession and Modern Society. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "How may we confess Christ, to a changing and hostile society, in the twentieth century? Dr. Lee leads us to the teaching of the WCF (1646), showing how it addresses every area of life with its comprehensive and Biblically faithful testimony to the Truth!" -- Publisher

    McFeeters, J.C., Covenanters in America: The Voice of Their Testimony on Present Moral Issues, Reasons for the Hope and Work of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, 1892. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "This books gives some historical information, but the bulk of it sets forth the distinctive beliefs of a branch of the Reformed Presbyterian church. Some topics covered include public social covenanting, political dissent, divine psalmody, the Sabbath, national reform and evangelism, education and more. We note that the chapter on temperance is clearly in error and that a much stronger and more vital Covenanter testimony is set forth in the ACT, DECLARATION AND TESTIMONY FOR THE WHOLE OF OUR COVENANTED REFORMATION . . . EMITTED BY THE REFORMED PRESBYTERY AT PLOUGHLANDHEAD, SCOTLAND, 1761; TOGETHER WITH THE SUPPLEMENTS ADOPTED BY THE REFORMED PRESBYTERY AT THIS DATE, JUNE 2D, 1876." -- Publisher

    *Mitchell, Alexander F., (1822-1899), Minutes of the Sessions of the Westminster Assembly of Divines While Engaged in Preparing Their Directory for Church Government, Confession of Faith, and Catechisms (November 1644 to March 1649), 1874, ISBN: 0921148291 9780921148296. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "Warfield states, 'The fundamental authority for the study of the work of the Assembly for the period covered by it is, of course, the volume of its Minutes edited by Drs. A.F. Mitchell and John Struthers.' This work was also called the best book concerning the Assembly by Gregg Singer. It was compiled from transcripts originally procured by a committee of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. An invaluable aid for all those who love creedal Christianity, as it is revealed in the Holy Scriptures. A very rare resource that should contribute much to the ongoing Reformation. Indexed." -- Publisher

    *Parliament, The First Parliament During the Reign of James VI of Scotland, Christ's Triumphant Entry Into Scotland; Or, The Subjugation of the People, Laws, Liberties, and Crown of Scotland to His Supreme Majesty Jesus Christ, King of Kings, and Lord of Lords; Being, The Complete Text of all of the Acts of the First Parliament During the Reign of James VI of Scotland.
    He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law. (Isaiah 42:4)
    The LORD reigneth; let the earth rejoice; let the multitude of isles be glad thereof. (Psalm 97:1)
    And he shall bring forth thy righteousness as the light, and thy judgment as the noonday. (Psalm 37:6)
    http://truecovenanter.com/official/acts_of_parliament_scotland_james_vi_p01.phtml
    See: Skene, John, THE LAVVES AND ACTES OF PARLIAMENT, MAID BE KING IAMES THE FIRST, AND HIS SUCCESSOURS KINGES OF SCOTLAND.

    Reformed Presbyterian Church (Scotland), Reformed Presbyterian Testimony, 1842. Alternate title: TESTIMONY OF THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN SCOTLAND: HISTORICAL AND DOCTRINAL, over 400 pages. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "Keddie describes this as 'a doctrinal and historical statement, explaining and expanding upon the RPC's commitment to the Westminster Standards, the National Covenant, and the Solemn League and Covenant.' (Nigel Cameron, editor, Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology, p. 699). It contains the historical part of the testimony of the Reformed Presbyterian Church in Scotland including a brief sketch of the contending of the witnesses from the earliest period to the present time. The doctrinal section of the Church's testimony follows, covering everything from 'Divine Revelation' to 'Covenanting'." -- Publisher

    Reformed Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, Reformation Principles Exhibited, 1806-07. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "Although this document was unfaithfully adopted by the RPCNA (when they decried faithful historical testimony as an article of faith in the preface), this book still contains much useful doctrinal and historical information. Part one is 'A Brief Historical View of the Church, As a Visible Society in Covenant with God. In Two Books. The First Exhibiting the Church Universal; and the Second the Reformed Presbyterian Church.'
    "Part two contains the 'Declaration and Testimony of the Reformed Presbyterian Church in America (RPCNA).'
    "Furthermore, notwithstanding the unfaithfulness of the adopting body, REFORMATION PRINCIPLES EXHIBITED testifies to real attainments. Examples include testifying against the immoral U.S. constitution, against jury duty, against the use of the elective franchise (voting) and against swearing an oath of allegiance under this immoral constitution. Close communion is upheld and occasional hearing is denounced as a sinful, schismatic practice. Interestingly, this earlier edition can be compared with later editions to exhibit the continuing defection of the RPCNA -- even from what was good (and part of her own terms of communion), in her own earlier standards. For example, in part two, chapter 21, point 5, 'Of Church Fellowship,' we read, 'We therefore condemn the following errors, and testify against all who maintain them: . . . 5. That it is lawful for the Church to be without any terms of communion. 6. That any person may be admitted to communion, who opposes any of the terms of Church fellowship. 7. That occasional communion may be extended to persons who should not be received to constant fellowship.' (p. 75). Also, 'We therefore condemn the following errors, and testify against all who maintain them: . . . 1. That the Bible is the only proper testimony of the church (which takes into account that the Bible is the only divine testimony, but also recognizes human testimony, agreeable to Scripture, as binding [or else why preach, for example, if no one is bound to obey any human testimony, even if the human testimony is agreeable to the divine testimony found in the Bible? (cf. various places in Samuel Rutherford's DUE RIGHT OF PRESBYTERIES and A FREE DISPUTATION AGAINST PRETENDED LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE for further explanation) -- RB]. 2. That a Christian is under no obligation to follow Christ's witnesses in their faithful contendings. 3. That it is lawful, in order to enlarge the church, to open a wider door of communion, by declining from a more pointed testimony, to one which is more loose and general.' (p. 120, part 2, emphases added). How sad that these faithful testimonies are no longer upheld (as points of discipline), in the modern RPCNA." -- Publisher
    "The introduction is particularly helpful in understanding Covenanter history in America.
    "A final caveat must likewise be observed, and it is this: that, while (1) the History related herein forms so much of the ground for presenting the document below, and while (2) as Covenanters we defend the use of Historical Testimony as a Term of Communion, and find the Historical Testimony of the ACT, DECLARATION, and TESTIMONY competent to this end, yet -- We do not pretend that the History contained in REFORMATION PRINCIPLES EXHIBITED, either the first edition, or any later edition, is provable for this purpose. Besides matters related which are not to be approved, the fact is, that the historical part of this work contains a number of inaccuracies and uncertain speculations that make it many ways inferior in nature to the ACT, DECLARATION, AND TESTIMONY. In the original testimony from Scotland, no attempt is made to account for the entire history of the Church of Jesus Christ, nor even to present full details concerning the history of the Church of Scotland. Instead, the authors set in order necessary and important historical facts that were well attested, and creditably related, and testified as to their morality or immorality. REFORMATION PRINCIPLES EXHIBITED, on the other hand, presents a Narrative of History, more and less certain, useful for the reader's instruction in ecclesiastical history, but not competent to form a Historical Testimony." -- True Covenanter

    Reformed Presbytery, Auchensaugh Renovation of the National Covenant and Solemn League and Covenant; With the Acknowledgement of sins and Engagement to Duties as They Were Renewed at Auchensaugh in 1712 . . . Also the Renovation of These Public Federal Deeds Ordained at Philadelphia, Ott. 8, 1880, by the Reformed Presbytery, With Accommodation of the Original Covenants, in Both Transactions, to Their Times and Positions Respectively, 1880 edition. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #2, #25, #30. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    " 'In 1712, at Auchensaugh, the Covenants, National and Solemn League, were renewed . . . At the renewal the covenant bonds were recognized as binding the descendants of those who first entered into those bonds. The Covenanters, however, sought to display the true intent of those Covenants with marginal notes. These notes explained that the Church of Jesus Christ, in Scotland (and around the world), must not join hands with any political power in rebellion to the crown rights of King Jesus. The Covenanters pledged the Covenanted Reformed Presbyterian Church to the support of lawful magistracy (i.e. magistracy which conformed itself to the precepts of God's Word), and declared themselves and their posterity against support of any power, in Church or State, which lacked biblical authority.' (From 'About the Covenanted Reformed Presbyterian Church' P.O. Box 131, pollyanna, PA 19464). An excellent introduction (historical and moral), regarding the reasons, motives and manner of fulfilling the duty of covenanting with God. Especially helpful concerning the Biblical view of the blessings (for covenant-keepers), and cursings (for covenant breakers), related to covenanting. As noted on page 37, 'the godly usually in times of great defection from the purity and power of religion, and corruption of the ordinances of God's worship, set about renewing their covenant, thereby to prevent covenant curses, and procure covenant blessing; as we find both in scripture record, 2 Chron. 15:12-13 [2 Chronicles 15:12-13]; 29:10 [2 Chronicles 29:10]; 34:30-31 [2 Chronicles 34:30-31]; Ezra 10:3, and in our own ecclesiastical history.' Times like ours certainly call for a revival of the Scriptural ordinance of covenanting, for 'the nations throughout Christendom, continue in league with Antichrist and give their strength to the beast. They still refuse to profess and defend the true religion in doctrine, worship, government and discipline, contrary to the example of the kingdoms of Scotland, England and Ireland in the seventeenth century'." (p. 136 in this book) -- Publisher
    The Auchensaugh Renovation
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/24/renovation-of-covenants-auchensaugh-1712
    Price, Greg L., The Auchensaugh Renovation, 2 audio cassettes [audio files]. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "This is the story of the renewal of the National and Solemn League and Covenant, which took place under the leadership of John Macmillan (cf. The Cameronian Apostle by Reid), at Auchensaugh, July 24, 1712. Events leading up to this renewal are especially pertinent, as they expose the Satanic tactics which often become most useful to the devil in attacking all revivals and those seeking to return to covenanted attainments. Price notes how Cromwell's tolerationism opened the floodgates of iniquity and helped pave the way (though not intended by the covenant breaking Cromwellians), for the tyranny of Charles II. This set the stage for the corrupted and defective revolution of 1688 and the malignant Revolution church, which left the Covenanted Reformation buried under the debris of William's Erastianism, Prelacy (in England and Ireland), and the compromised Presbyterianism of the Revolution Church in Scotland (cf. Clarkson's Plain Reasons for Presbyterians Dissenting from the Revolution Church of Scotland; this Revolution church was the root of much modern day Presbyterian defection and this book still eloquently denounces this defection). The Auchensaugh Renovation cleared away all the Reformation denying rubbish that had accumulated from 1649 to 1712, and 'being agreeable to the Word of God' became part of the terms of communion of the Reformed Presbyterian church on Nov. 3, 1712 (cf. Terms of Ministerial and Christian Communion in the Reformed Presbyterian Church, point 4 of 6). It is also interesting to note that at the Lord's Supper (on July 27, 1712), following this covenant renewal, Macmillan, in 'fencing the tables' proclaimed, 'I excommunicate and debar from this Holy Table of the Lord, all devisers, commanders, users, or approvers, of any religious worship not instituted by God in His Word, all tolerators and countenancers thereof; and by consequence I debar and excommunicate from this Holy Table of the Lord, Queen and Parliament, and all under them, who spread and propagate or tolerate a false and superstitious worship, ay, and until they repent.' Furthermore, concerning those who opposed the covenants and the work of reformation, Macmillan trumpeted these faithful words, 'I excommunicate and debar all who are opposers of our Covenants and Covenanted Reformation, and all that have taken oaths contrary to our covenants, and such particularly as are takers of the Oath of Abjuration, whether Ministers or others, until they repent.' (Reformed Presbytery, The Auchensaugh Renovation . . . , p. 55). Beyond the fascinating and detailed story of the history and reasons for the Auchensaugh renovation of the covenants, these studies also clearly and biblically explain the continuing obligation to renew lawful covenants, makes application to our day, and demonstrates how covenanting was foundational to the Second Reformation. A fine (and unique), set of tapes defending the attainments of our Covenanted Reformation! For more information see our bound photocopy The Auchensaugh Renovation . . . by the Reformed Presbytery." -- Publisher
    The Reformed Presbytery, The Auchensaugh Renovation of the National Covenant and: Solemn League and Covenant With the Acknowledgment of Sins and Engagement to Duties, as They Were Renewed at Auchensaugh, Near Douglas, July 24, 1712. (Compared With the Editions of Paisley, 1820, and Belfast, 1835). Also, The Renovation of These Public Federal Deeds Ordained at Philadelphia, October 8, 1880, by the Reformed Presbytery, with Accommodation of the Original Covenants, in Both Transactions, to Their Times and Positions Respectively
    http://archive.org/details/theauchensaughre12381gut

    Reformed Presbytery, Minutes of the Reformed Presbytery (America)
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/minutes_rp.htm

    *Reformed Presbytery of North America ("Steelite"), David Steele (1803-1887), John Thorburn (1730?-1788), John Courtass (d. 1795), et al., Act, Declaration, and Testimony, for the Whole of the Covenanted Reformation, as Attained to, and Established in, Britain and Ireland; Particularly Betwixt the Years 1638 and 1649, Inclusive. As, Also, Against all the Steps of Defection From Said Reformation, Whether in Former or Later Times, Since the Overthrow of that Glorious Work, Down to This Present day (1876), (Philadelphia, PA: Printed by Rue and Jones, 1876), a new edition of the Ploughlandhead Testimony of 1761, the subordinate standard of the original "Steelite" Reformed Presbytery that was constitutes in 1840. Available (the 1850 edition only) on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available (the 1850 edition only) on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1.
    "And now, when time has proved that more recent Testimonies, Terms, and Covenants, have failed to preserve either unity or uniformity among those who framed them; it cannot be unseasonable to re-exhibit the original ACT, DECLARATION, AND TESTIMONY, which has been justly characterized as 'the most profoundly reasoned document ever emitted by the Reformed Presbyterian Church'." -- The Reformation Advocate Magazine, Vol. I, No. 8, December, 1875, page 267
    "Upholds the original work of the Westminster Assembly and testifies to the abiding worth and truth formulated in the Westminster family of documents. Upholds and defends the Crown Rights of King Jesus in Church and State, denouncing those who would remove the crown from Christ's head by denying His right to rule (by His law), in both the civil and ecclesiastical spheres. Testifies to the received doctrine, government, worship, and discipline of the Church of Scotland in her purest (reforming) periods. Applies God's Word to the Church's corporate attainments 'with a judicial approbation of the earnest contendings and attainments of the faithful, and a strong and pointed judicial condemnation of error and the promoters thereof.' (The Contending Witness magazine, Dec. 17/93, p. 558). Shows the church's great historical victories (such as the National and Solemn League and Covenant, leading to the Westminster Assembly), and exposes her enemies actions (e.g. the Prelacy of Laud; the Independency, sectarianism, covenant breaking and ungodly toleration set forth by the likes of Cromwell [and the Independents that conspired with him]; the Erastianism and civil sectarianism of William of Orange, etc.). It is not likely that you will find a more consistent working out of the principles of Calvinism anywhere. Deals with the most important matters relating to the individual, the family, the church and the state. Sets forth a faithful historical testimony of God's dealings with men during some of the most important days of church history. A basic text that should be mastered by all Christians." -- Publisher
    Act, Declaration, and Testimony (1876)
    https://archive.org/details/actdeclarationte00refo

    *Reformed Presbytery, "Steelite," (David Steele [1803-1887], James Campbell, Thomas Sproull, James Fulton), A Short Vindication of our Covenanted Reformation, 2nd edition, revised, and enlarged by a committee of the Reformed Presbytery ("Circular" and "Review" prefixed), 1879, 50 pages. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Also available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #2 (also #1, #25, and #30).
    "Until the church comes to terms with what is written in this book it will remain weak and divided. Covenant breakers will not prosper, as this rare item demonstrates from both Scripture and history. The power packed ordinance of covenanting (the National and Solemn League and Covenant in particular), was foundational to the second Reformation and the work of the Westminster Assembly. 'By the National Covenant our fathers laid Popery prostrate. By the Solemn League and Covenant they were successful in resisting prelatic encroachments and civil tyranny. By it they were enabled to achieve the Second Reformation . . . They were setting up landmarks by which the location and limits of the city of God will be known at the dawn of the millennial day . . . How can they be said to go forth by the footsteps of the flock, who have declined from the attainments, renounced the covenants and contradicted the testimony of 'the cloud of witnesses. . . . All the schisms (separations) that disfigure the body mystical of Christ . . . are the legitimate consequences of the abandonment of reformation attainments, the violation of covenant engagements.' If you are interested in knowing how to recognize a faithful church (or state), when and why to separate from unfaithful institutions, who has held up the standard of Covenanted Reformation attainments and who has backslidden (and why), what it means to subscribe to the Westminster Confession (1646), (and why most that say they do so today do not have any idea of what that means), and much more concerning individual, family, church and civil, individual, family, church and civil duties, this is one of the best books you will ever lay your hands on. It chronicles 'some instances of worldly conformity and mark(s) some steps of defection from our 'covenanted unity and uniformity,' noting how 'it is necessary to take a retrospect of our history for many years; for we did not all at once reach our present condition of sinful ignorance and manifold apostasy.' Presbyterian and the Reformed churches lay under the heavy hand of God's judgement in our day, because of the very defections noted throughout this fine work. 'We heard (hear) from various quarters the cry, "maintain the truth, stand up for the principles of the Second Reformation;" and yet many of those who are the most loud in uttering this cry, appear desirous to bury in oblivion those imperishable national and ecclesiastical deeds, by which the church and kingdom of Scotland became 'married to the Lord.' Are we married to the Lord, or have we thrown off the covenants of our forefathers; are we the chaste bride of Christ, or a harlot who is found in the bedchambers of every devilish suitor (whether ecclesiastical or civil), who tempts us with the favors of this world? Let us cry out, as with 'the noble Marquis of Argyle, upon the scaffold,' when he said, 'God hath tied us by covenants to religion and reformation. These that were then unborn are yet engaged, and it passeth the power of all the magistrates under heaven to absolve them from the oath of God. They deceive themselves, and it may be, would deceive others, who think otherwise.' Not for the weak of heart." -- Publisher
    A Short Vindication of our Covenanted Reformation, Reformed Presbytery
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/24/a-short-vindication-of-our-covenanted-reformation

    Reformed Presbytery [Reformed Presbytery of North America of David Steele, 1803-1887], "Steelite," Minutes and Proceedings of General Meetings and Presbytery (1840-1929)
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/6/29/minutes-of-presbytery
    Minutes of Proceedings of the Reformed Presbytery at Brush Creek, Adams County, Ohio, 1840
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/7/1840
    1841
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/7/1841
    1842, April
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/7/1842april
    1842, October
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/7/1842october
    1843 | 1844, May | 1844, October | 1844, November | 1845, With the death of Rev. Robert Lusk, Presbytery was dissolved. | 1846, General Correspondence http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/rp_general_correspondence_minutes_1846.html
    1847-53, General Correspondence, Missing. With the accession of Rev. James J. Peoples, Presbytery was re-constituted. | 1854, June
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/7/1854june
    1854, October
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/7/1854october
    1855
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/7/1855
    1856
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/7/1856
    1857, June
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/7/1857june
    1857, October
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/7/1857october
    1858, May
    http://www.covenanter.org/Minutes/min1858may.htm
    1858, August
    http://www.covenanter.org/Minutes/min1858aug.htm
    1859
    http://www.covenanter.org/Minutes/min1859.htm
    1860
    http://www.covenanter.org/Minutes/min1860.htm
    1861
    http://www.covenanter.org/Minutes/min1861.htm
    1862, Missing. | 1863, Missing, Part of a report is found with Minutes of 1864. | 1864
    http://www.covenanter.org/Minutes/min1864.htm
    1865
    http://www.covenanter.org/Minutes/min1865.htm
    1866 | 1867 | 1868 | 1869
    http://www.covenanter.org/Minutes/min1869.htm
    1870, Missing. | 1871, Missing. | 1872, Presbytery did not meet. | 1873
    http://www.covenanter.org/Minutes/min1873.htm
    1874, Presbytery did not meet. | 1875, June. | 1875, September. | 1876 | 1877
    http://www.covenanter.org/Minutes/min1877.htm
    1878. | 1879 | 1880, May | 1880, October.
    1881
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/7/1881
    1882. | 1883
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/7/1883
    1884. | 1885 | Outline of proceedings in the Reformed Presbytery since June 4, 1884
    http://www.covenanter.org/Minutes/outlineofproceedings.htm
    1886
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/7/1886
    1887
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/7/30/1887
    With the death of Rev. David Steele, Presbytery was dissolved. Hereafter follows the Minutes of the General Meetings of the Reformed Presbyterian Church. | 1888
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/7/30/1888
    1889
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/7/30/1889
    1890
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/7/30/1890
    1891
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/7/30/1891
    1892
    http://www.covenanter.org/Minutes/min1892.htm
    1893
    http://www.covenanter.org/Minutes/min1893.htm
    1894
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/7/29/1894
    1895
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/7/29/1895?rq=McAuley
    1896
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/7/29/1896
    1897
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/7/29/1897
    1898
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/7/29/1898
    1899, Missing. | 1900, Missing. | 1901, Missing. | 1902, Missing. 1903
    http://www.covenanter.org/Minutes/min1903.htm
    1904 | 1905 | 1906 | 1907 | 1908 | 1909 | 1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914 | 1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919
    1920
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/7/27/1920
    1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924 | 1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929 | From 1930 to the present no Minutes are available.

    Reformed Presbyterian Church of Ireland. Committee on Public Morals and National Righteousness, The Christian and Gambling.

    Reid, H.M.B. (Henry Martyn Beckwith), The Kirk Above Dee Water, 1895. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    " 'This little book (128 pages) . . . embodies a few scattered notices of the Balmaghie Church since the year 1615 . . . The dominating figure in the following pages is, of course, the great Macmillan' (Preface). Here 'they went to hear the word of God properly preached' in the Kirk of the Hill Folk, which had never fyled its hands with 'an Erastian Establishment!' (Introduction). An interesting look at a Covenanter congregation." -- Publisher

    Renewal of the Covenants, National and Solemn League; A Confession of Sins; and Engagement to Duties; And a Testimony, as they were carried on at Middle Octarara in Pensylvania, November 11, 1743, together with an Introductory Preface, 1748.
    Psalm lxxvi. 11 [Psalm 76:11]. Vow, and pay unto the Lord your God. Jeremiah l. 5 [Jeremiah 1:5] Come and let us join ourselves to the Lord in a perpetual Covenant that shall not be forgotten, &c.

    *Schwertley, Brian M., and Westminster Presbyterian Church in the United States. Publications Committee, National Covenanting and Christ's Victory Over the Nations. Available at Reformed Online.
    "This is an outstanding accomplishment. It weaves all the strands of social/national covenanting into one comprehensive, up-to-date statement in 530 pages. It includes extensive documentation, Scripture proofs, footnotes, appendixes, author index, and Scripture index.
    "NATIONAL COVENANTING AND CHRIST'S VICTORY OVER THE NATIONS could serve as an advanced study guide for individuals who, by the Grace of God, have been guided to social/national covenanting, yet have not found time for additional self-education.
    "Notice that best books are also frequently relevant to a broad range of other topics. This is such a book.
    "So, do not buy a copy, and then let it sit on the shelf for years unread. It is a scholarly presentation of the biblical answers to contemporary problems.
    "It was preceded by 'Social Covenanting,' a series of 31 sermons in MP3 format, given by the author starting in the summer of 2012." -- Steven C. Kettler
    Social Covenanting series of 31 sermons by Brian Schwertley
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/search.asp?seriesOnly=true&currSection=sermonstopic&sourceid=ccc&keyword=National+Covenanting&keyworddesc=National+Covenanting

    Associated Reformed Presbytery (Reformed Presbytery in Scotland), The Constitution of the Associate-Reformed Synod in America Considered, Disowned, and Testifyed Against, as Inconsistent With the Reformation-constitution of Britain and Ireland.
    The Constitution of the Associate Reformed Synod in America considered, disowned and testifyed against
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/reformed_presbytery_testimony_against_ars_constitution.html?doc_banner_show=false

    *Shaw, J.W., Hephzibah Beulah. Our Covenants the National and Solemn League; and Covenanting by the Reformed Presbyterian Synod in America: Considered, 1872. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27.
    "A very useful, easy-to-read, introductory work (by an RPCNA minister), to the topics it deals with. General Scriptural principles upon which this book is based are:

    1. Departure from former laudable attainments, is a great evil, severely threatened in the Holy Scriptures; and that for which every one, who is guilty, must be accountable to the Righteous Judge of all the earth.
    2. They who consent unto the unrighteous deeds of others, are chargeable with guilt, as well as the principal actors.
    3. Societies, or individuals, having once publicly and solemnly vowed unto the Most High God; and still, after the strictest enquiry, remain satisfied in their own mind, that their vows were scriptural; should seriously endeavor to act up to the true spirit and intention of these vows; and no power upon earth, nor any class of men, whether majority or minority, in a nation, can ever possibly dissolve the obligation.
    "Chapters include: The National Covenant and Solemn League and Covenant reviewed; Their Binding Obligations Shown; The Possibility That Adherence to Them may be Professed, While They are Virtually Abandoned; The Covenant Sworn and Subscribed by Synod at Pittsburgh, May 27th, 1871; Is it a Renovation or a new Covenant?; The Covenant Does not Contain all That the Church is Bound to in America; Charges Against the Covenant; Reason why Some who do not Like it, Swear it; The Covenants National and Solemn League Must Be Maintained." -- Publisher
    Shaw, Rev. J.W., Hephzibah Beulah our Covenants the National and Solemn League; And Covenanting by the Reformed Presbyterian Synod in America: Considered
    http://truecovenanter.com/covenants/shaw_hephzibah_beulah.html

    Smyth, Thomas (1808-1873), John William Flinn and Jean Adger Flinn, Complete Works of Rev. Thomas Smyth, D.D., 10 volumes, new edition with brief notes and prefaces. Biographical sketch in last volume (Columbia, SC: Reprinted by the R.L. Bryan Company, 1908-12).
    The true origin and source of the Mecklenburg and National declaration of independence may be found here.
    Smyth, Thomas (1808-1873), Complete Works (1908), vol. 1 of 10.
    http://archive.org/details/completeworks01smytuoft

    *Sproull, Thomas, (1803-1892), The Duty of Social Covenanting Illustrated and Enforced: A Sermon Preached March 14th, 1841, in the Reformed Presbyterian Church, Allegheny. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #23.
    The Duty of Social Covenanting Illustrated and Enforced, Thomas Sproull
    http://www.covenanter.org/TSproull/dutyofsocialcovenanting.htm

    *Steele, David (1803-1887), Circular No. 3: A Concise History of the Reformed Presbyterian Church From the Middle of the Sixteenth Century and of the Reformed Presbytery From 1840 Till the Present Time, 1886. Alternate title: A SHORT HISTORY OF THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. ISBN: 092114816X 9780921148166. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #23. Available in the Amazing Christian Library, DVD Four, CD #23.

    Steele, David (1803-1887), Historical Testimony
    "An article explaining what historical testimony is, how it is applicable to the church and why it needs to be part of the terms of communion of the Reformed Presbyterian, or Covenanter, church." -- Publisher
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2016/4/26/historical-testimony

    *Steele, David (1803-1887), "Historical Testimony," an excerpt from The Original Covenanter, Vol. II, December, 1879, No. 12
    He established a testimony in Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers that they should make them known to their children. (Psalm 78:5)
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/magazine/orig_cov_historical_testimony.html

    *Steele, David, (1803-1887), Reminiscences: Historical and Biographical of a Ministry in the Reformed Presbyterian Church During Fifty Three Years, 1883. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #23.
    David Steele, was the pastor of the Reformed Presbyterian Congregation, Philadelphia.
    "Since Steele forms a continuing theological link with the faithful General Assemblies of the Church of Scotland (1638-1649), this book is of great importance. Steele held to the attainments of the second (or covenanted), Reformation which gave us the Solemn League and Covenant and the Westminster Standards -- and other Covenanters who follow in this train (along with the British Covenanters, like Rutherford and Gillespie), are sometimes derisively branded as 'Steelites' or 'Cameronians'." -- Publisher
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2016/4/26/reminiscences-historical-and-biographical-of-a-ministry-in-the-refd-presbyterian-church-during-fifty-three-years

    *Steele, David (1803-1887, editor), Reformed Presbytery of North America, The Contending Witness (vol. 1:1 -- 2:6, Apr. 1841 to Feb. 1843), The Reformation Advocate (vol. 1:1 -- 1:12, March 1874 to Dec. 1876), The Original Covenanter (vol. 2:1 -- 2:16, March 1877 to Dec. 1880), and The Original Covenanter (vol. 3:1 -- 3:16, March 1881 to Dec. 1884). Available (all four volumes, a complete set of this continuous periodical under its various names) on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available (all four volumes, a complete set of this continuous periodical under its various names) on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18.
    "The following list [complete and found above -- compiler] of [continuous issues under various names -- compiler] magazines, edited by David Steele, comprise what is likely the best compilation of Christian periodicals ever amassed under one set of bindings. Nothing we know of (before or since), authored as magazine articles related to full-orbed nation shaking biblical Reformation, even comes close to the consistent quality of writing found in these short works on various subjects. Steele himself should probably be considered the best theologian of the nineteenth century, and the other contributors to these magazines were all approaching the same class. A healthy portion of Steele's writing is found in these magazines, as he only wrote a few other books, so the reading is encouraged to sample for himself some of the best writing (defending the Covenanted Reformation), you will find anywhere!" -- Publisher
    Various excerpted articles may be found elsewhere in the topical listing for David Steele.
    David Steele (editor), The Reformation Advocate, vol. 1, September 1874, no. 3, "Has the Government of the United States a Christian Character?"
    http://www.gcpublications.com/Documents/The%20Reformation%20Advocate/5_Has%20the%20US%20a%20Christian%20Character.pdf
    David Steele (editor), The Reformation Advocate, vol. 1, December 1874, no. 4, "Signs of the Times"
    http://www.gcpublications.com/Documents/The%20Reformation%20Advocate/6_Signs%20of%20The%20Times.pdf
    David Steele (editor), The Reformation Advocate, vol. 1, March 1874, no. 1, "To our Patrons"
    http://www.gcpublications.com/Documents/The%20Reformation%20Advocate/1_To%20Our%20Patrons.pdf
    David Steele (editor), The Reformation Advocate, vol. 1, June 1874, no. 2, "Christmas Trees"
    http://www.gcpublications.com/Documents/The%20Reformation%20Advocate/4_Christmas%20Trees.pdf
    David Steele (editor), The Reformation Advocate, vol. 1, March 1874, no. 1, "Are Hymns Idols"
    http://www.gcpublications.com/Documents/The%20Reformation%20Advocate/3_Are%20Hymns%20Idols.pdf
    See also: Covenanted Reformed Presbyterian Publishing, The Best of The Original Covenanter and Contending Witness Magazine. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available from Covenanted Reformed Presbyterian Publishing.
    http://www.covenanter.org

    *Steele, David (1803-1887), The Two Witnesses: Their Cause, Number, Character, Furniture and Special Work, 1859. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #14.
    "This is a great companion volume to Steele's NOTES ON THE APOCALYPSE. Here Steele zeros in on and works primarily from the text of Revelation 11:13, I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophecy. Steele deals with Testimony-bearing, Antichrist, Popery, The beasts of revelation, The mark of the beast, 666, The image of the beast, Civil and ecclesiastical apostasy, Reformation, Covenanting, Heresy, Schism, Terms of communion, Slavery, Sectarianism, Mormonism, Independency, Freemasonry, History, Worship, Idolatry, Britain, The united states, Canada, Mystical babylon, The last days, The ultimate victory of the church, and a host of other subjects!
    "As is usually the case with Steele, he makes the doctrines of Scripture eminently practical. For example, note how the faithful witnesses are continually called to testify against open opposition to the Lord's Covenanted Zion and the attainments of biblical Reformation (in the faith which was once delivered unto the saints); and against whom this testimony is directed:

    'These witnesses are called and commissioned to testify especially against Antichrist -- a false christ, and therefore an opposing christ. But Christ is to be considered either personally or mystically; either abstractly in his personal rights and prerogatives, or in the concrete, in the rights and immunities of his church. There is this prejudice, too prevalent, against Christians testifying against Christians! This we are often told, is contrary to the law of charity. We have not so learned Christ. They are not all Israel which are of Israel. Much of the business of these two prophets is to oppose prophets -- to prophesy against the shepherds, Ezekiel 34:2. Moses with his miracles must confront the magicians with their enchantments, Exodus 8:19. Elijah must confront the prophets of Baal, 1 Kings 18:25. Paul must counteract false apostles, 2 Corinthians 11:13. In short, the direct object of these witnesses' testimony is apostate christendom -- those who depart from the faith, 1 Timothy 4:1 -- who have gone out from fellowship and renounced the doctrines of the apostolic church, 1 John 2:19. Their special work is to testify against error and its propagators and abettors, together with ungodliness, the natural fruit of error, rather than against pagans.' -- The Two Witnesses, p. 14
    'These two witnesses have always testified -- not formally against pagans or infidels as such; but -- against apostate Christians, as comprising an organized and complex system of opposition to the Lord and his Anointed. And just here, the witnesses have detected the secret of Antichrist's successful enterprise among the human family . . .' Many false prophets are gone out into the world. . . this is a deceiver and an Antichrist, (2 John 7). The combination is ostensibly on the side and in the interest of Christ, and the elements of which Antichrist is composed were obviously professing Christians, They went out from us, but they were not of us, for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us. (1 John 2:19). Here is the apostasy, and so the witnesses are fully borne out in asserting that Antichrist is a great Christian apostasy! To trace the origin and development, in the organization and modifications of this enemy of all righteousness, is the special work of Christ's witnesses.' -- (The Two Witnesses, pp. 17-18)
    "Moreover, having taken his own place 'in the wilderness' (i.e. having separated himself from, and having been ostracized by the 'civilization' of the obstinately defecting RPCNA and other unfaithful denominations of his day [2 Thessalonians 3:6,14-15; Revelation 12:6, Revelation 17:3]), it was given to Steele to see and expound those grand old principles of our covenanted forefathers (who sat at Westminster and in the best Reformed churches during both the first and second Reformations -- the Scottish Presbyterians being granted the greatest measure of light as a settled body from 1638-1649).
    "Thus, if you are interested in Reformation eschatology, with some of the strongest possible application, individually and corporately (in keeping with the body of Reformed truth), it is unlikely that you will find a better introduction to these topics than this!
    "As an additional bonus we have added Steele's 19-page debate with James McLeod Willson (a prominent RPCNA minister), to this book (along with a number of other pertinent documents). Since Steele references this theological clash in his preface to the TWO WITNESSES this makes a fitting appendix to add to this work.
    "We hope that you obtain and study this fine work -- and that you will find it edifying, as well as a useful weapon in your battle with the beasts of Revelation." -- Publisher
    The Two Witnesses: Their Cause, Number, Character, Furniture, and Special Work, 1859, by Steele, David (1803-1887)
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/17/david-steeles-pamphlet-on-the-two-witnesses-their-cause-number-character-furniture-and-special-work
    Steele, David (1803-1887), The Two Witnesses, Their Cause, Number, Character, Furniture and Special Work
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/steele/steele_two_witnesses.html
    Steele, David (1803-1887), The Two Witnesses, Their Cause, Number, Character, Furniture and Special Work
    http://www.gcpublications.com/Documents/The%20Two%20Witnesses/1_The%20Two%20Witnesses.pdf

    Steele, David, (1826-1906), and Robert Hunter, In Memory of the Rev. David Steele, D.D., LL.D (1826-1906). Alternate title: IN MEMORY OF THE REV. DAVID STEELE, D.D., LL.D, FOR FORTY-FIVE YEARS PASTOR OF THE FOURTH REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CONGREGATION OF PHILADELPHIA AND PROFESSOR IN THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN SEMINARY AT PHILADELPHIA FOR FORTY-THREE YEARS . . .
    The author and subject is David Steele (1826-1906), who we assume is the nephew of David Steele (1803-1887).
    "For forty-five years pastor of the Fourth Reformed Presbyterian Congregation of Philadelphia and professor in the Reformed Presbyterian Seminary at Philadelphia for forty-three years . . ."
    In memory of the Rev. David Steele, D.D., LL.D.: for forty-five years pastor of the Fourth Reformed Presbyterian Congregation of Philadelphia and professor in the Reformed Presbyterian Seminary at Philadelphia for forty-three years. (1907)
    http://books.google.com/books?id=bcAEAAAAYAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html
    http://www.archive.org/details/inmemoryofrevdav00stee

    United Societies, The Apologetic Declaration, Admonitory Vindication -- October 28, 1684
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/apologeticdeclaration.html

    United Societies, The Declaration published at Glasgow, June 13, 1679
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/GlasgowDeclaration.html

    United Societies, Declaration Published at Lanerk, January 12, 1682
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/LanerkDeclaration.html

    United Societies, The Declaration of the True Presbyterian Church of Christ, in Scotland -- 1692
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/sanquhar1692.html

    United Societies, Preface to the Following Declarations from 1692 to 1707
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/prefacetodeclarations.html

    United Societies, The Protestation, Apologetic Admonitory Declaration -- Sanquhar, May 28, 1685
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/Sanquharadmonitorydeclaration.html

    United Societies, The Protestation, Apologetic Declaration, Admonitory Vindication -- 1695
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/protestation1695.html

    United Societies, The Protestation, Apologetic Declaration, Admonitory Vindication -- 1703
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/protestation1703.html

    United Societies, The Protestation and Testimony of the United Societies -- 1707. Alternate title: A PROTESTATION AND TESTIMONY AGAINST THE INCORPORATING UNION WITH ENGLAND.
    The Land shall not be Sold for ever. (Leviticus 25:23)
    Ephraim also is like a silly Dove, without Heart, they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria. (Hosea 7:11)
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/societies/united_societies_protestation_against_union_1707.html

    United Societies, The Protestation and Testimony of the United Societies of the Witnessing Remnant of the anti-Popish, anti-Prelatic, anti-Erastian, anti-Sectarian, True Presbyterian Church of Christ in Scotland, Against the Sinful Incorporating Union With England and Their British Parliament, Concluded and Established, May, 1707
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2016/5/3/a-protestation-and-testimony-against-the-incorporating-union-with-england

    United Societies, The Queensferry Paper, 1680. Available as an appendix to A CLOUD OF WITNESSES. Available (A CLOUD OF WITNESSES) on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/qferry.htm
    A Cloud of Witnesses
    http://archive.org/details/acloudwitnesses00thomgoog
    A Cloud of Witnesses, full view.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=4vMCAAAAQAAJ&dq=thomson+a+cloud+of+witnesses&ie=ISO-8859-1

    United Societies, Sanquhar Declaration.
    Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available in James Brown, THE TESTIMONY PUBLISHED AT RUTHERGLEN, MAY 29. 1679.
    The Declaration and Testimony of the True Presbyterian, Anti-Prelatick, Anti-Erastian, persecuted party in Scotland. Published at Sanquhar, June 22, 1680
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/sanquhar.html

    United Societies, The Sanquhar Declaration of War -- 1680
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/sanquhar.html

    United Societies, The Testimony Published at Rutherglen, May 29, 1679
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/Rutherglen.html

    Various, Fifty Years of Covenanter History: The Fiftieth Anniversary of the Reorganization of the First Reformed Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia, Pa., a reprint of the Semi-Centennial Number of Our Banner, January, 1884.
    "This historical document contains: An engraving of the First Reformed Presbyterian Church, Cherry St., Philadelphia, 1833-1867; An engraving of the First Reformed Presbyterian Church and Parsonage, Seventeenth and Bainbridge St., Philadelphia, 1879; A discourse, "Fifty Years of Covenanter History" by Rev. T.P. Stevenson; A discourse, "Fifty Years of Foreign Missions" by Rev. James Kennedy; A discourse, "Covenanters and the Anti-Slavery Struggle" by Rev. A.M. Milligan; A discourse, "The Christian Principles of Civil Government" by Rev. David M'Allister; and a list of "Officers of the First Reformed Presbyterian Church, Phila., Since 1833." -- Publisher

    Willard, Samuel, (1639-1707), and Increase Mather, Covenant-keeping the way to Blessedness, or, A brief Discourse wherein is shewn the connexion which there is between the promise, on God's part; and duty, on our part, in the covenant of grace as it was delivered in several sermons, preached in order to solemn renewing of covenant. By Samuel Willard teacher of a church in Boston in New-England.
    Samuel Willard was pastor of a Church of Christ in Boston and Vice-President of Harvard College. See his other works.

    Winston, John, et al., The Testimony of our Reverend Brethren, Ministers of the Province of London. To the Truth of Jesus Christ, and our Solemne League and Covenant, &c. Attested by other ministers of Christ in the county of Northampton, 1648.
    Notes: Signed at end: John Winston [and 68 others].

    See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, Justice, the theology of judgment, god's final judgment, the great white throne judgment, the day of the lord, God's deliverance of nations, Covenanting in america, Covenant theology and the ordinance of covenanting, The covenant of redemption, The covenant faithfulness of god, Sexual relationship, Oaths, ensnaring (vows, promises, covenants), and bonds with the ungodly, Background and history of the covenanted reformation of scotland, The national covenant, The solemn league and covenant, The covenanted reformation of scotland short title listing, The reformed presbytery of scotland and the reformed presbytery of america, Biography of covenanters, Acts of faithful assemblies, Covenanting in america, The scottish covenanting struggle, alexander craighead, and the mecklenburg declaration, Confession of national sin and covenant renewal, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, Sermons preached before governing bodies, and so forth, and so on.

    Related WebLinks

    The Scottish Covenanting Struggle, Alexander Craighead, and the Mecklenburg Declaration
    http://www.lettermen2.com/craig.html

    Faithful Contendings Displayed, the Preface to the Understanding Reader, by John Howie
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/societies/faithful_contendings_displayed_preface.html

    The Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven. A Sermon, Preached at the Opening of the Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, Glasgow, May 1, 1816, by John Fairley, Minister of the Gospel
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/kirkgovt/fairley_keys_of_the_kingdom.html

    Speaking on Calvinism
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, 53 min.
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=8110391415



    Separation

    See the Theological Notes, "Christians in the World," at Colossians 2:20 in The Reformation Study Bible.

    Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee, which frameth mischief by a law? (Psalm 94:20)

    Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity. (2 Timothy 2:19)

    Choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season;
    Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompence of the reward.
    Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches,
    etc.
    This clause ought to be carefully noticed; for we here learn that we ought to shun as a deadly poison whatever cannot be enjoyed without offending God; for the pleasures of sin he calls all the allurements of the world which draw us away from God and our calling. But the comforts of our earthly life, which we are allowed by pure conscience, and God's permission to enjoy, are not included here. Let us then ever remember that we ought to know and understand what God allows us. There are indeed some things in themselves lawful, but the use of which is prohibited to us, owing to circumstances as to time, place, or other things. Hence as to all the blessings connected with the present life, what is ever to be regarded is, that they should be to us helps and aids to follow God and not hindrances. And he calls these pleasures of sin temporary or for a time, because they soon vanish away together with life itself.
    "In opposition to these he sets the reproach of Christ, which all the godly ought willingly to undergo. For those whom God has chosen, he has also foreordained to be conformed to the image of his own son; not that he exercises them all by the same kind of reproaches or by the same cross, but that they are all to be so minded as not to decline to undertake the cross in common with Christ. Let every one then bear in mind, that as he is called to this fellowship he is to throw off all hindrances. Nor must we omit to say, that he reckons among the reproaches of Christ all the ignominious trials which the faithful have had to endure from the beginning of the world; for as they were the member of the same body, so they had nothing different from what we have. As all sorrows are indeed the rewards of sin, so they are also the fruits of the curse pronounced on the first man: but whatever wrongs we endure from the ungodly on account of Christ, these he regards as his own. Hence Paul gloried that he made up what was wanting as to the sufferings of Christ. Were we rightly to consider this, it would not be so grievous and bitter for us to suffer for Christ.
    "He also explains more fully what he means in this clause by the reproach of Christ, by what he has previously declared when he said, that Moses chose to suffer affliction with the people of God. He could not have otherwise avowed himself as one of God's people, except he had made himself a companion to his own nation in their miseries. Since, then, this is the end, let us not separate ourselves from the body of the Church: whatever we suffer, let us know that it is consecrated on account of the head. So on the other hand he calls those things the treasures of Egypt, which no one can otherwise possess than by renouncing and forsaking the Church. For he had respect unto the recompense of the reward, or for he looked to the remuneration. He proves by the description he gives, that the magnanimity of Moses' mind was owing to faith; for he had his eyes fixed on the promise of God. For he could not have hoped that it would be better for him to be with the people of Israel than with the Egyptians, had he not trusted in the promise and in nothing else.
    By faith he forsook Egypt, etc.
    This may be said of his first as well as of his second departure, that is, when he brought out the people with him. He then indeed left Egypt when he fled from the house of Pharaoh. Add to this, that his going out is recorded by the Apostle before he mentions the celebration of the Passover. He seems then to speak of the flight of Moses; nor is what he adds, that he feared not the wrath of the king, any objection to this, though Moses himself relates that he was constrained to do so by fear. For if we look at the beginning of his course he did not fear, that is, when he avowed himself to be the avenger of his people. However, when I consider all the circumstances, I am inclined to regard this as his second departure; for it was then that he bravely disregarded the fierce wrath of the king, being armed with such power by God's Spirit, that he often of his own accord defied the fury of that wild beast. It was doubtless an instance of the wonderful strength of faith, that he brought out a multitude untrained for war and burdened with many encumbrances, and yet hoped that a way would be opened to him by God's hand through innumerable difficulties. He saw a most powerful king in a furious rage, and he knew that he would not cease till he had tried his utmost. But as he knew that God had commanded him to depart, he committed the event to him, nor did he doubt but that he would in dug time restrain all the assaults of the Egyptians.
    As seeing him who is invisible. Nay, but he had seen God in the midst of the burning bush: this then seems to have been said improperly, and not very suitable to the present subject. I indeed allow, that Moses was strengthened in his faith by that vision, before he took in hand the glorious work of delivering the people; but I do not admit that it was such a view of God, as divested him of his bodily senses, and transferred him beyond the trials of this world. God at that time only showed him a certain symbol of his presence; but he was far from seeing God as he is. Now, the Apostle means, that Moses so endured, as though he was taken up to heaven, and had God only before his eyes; and as though he had nothing to do with men, was not exposed to the perils of this world and had no contests with Pharaoh. And yet, it is certain, that he was surrounded with so many difficulties, that he could not but think sometimes that God was far away from him, or at least, that the obstinacy of the king, furnished as it was with so many means of resistance, would at length overcome him. In short, God appeared to Moses in such a way, as still to leave room for faith; and Moses, when beset by terrors on every side, turned all his thoughts to God. He was indeed assisted to do this, by the vision which we have mentioned; but yet he saw more in God than what that symbol intimated: for he understood his power, and that absorbed all his fears and dangers. Relying on God's promise, he felt assured that the people, though then oppressed by the tyranny of the Egyptians, were already, as it were, the lords of the promised land.
    We hence learn, that the true character of faith is to set God always before our eyes; secondly, that faith beholds higher and more hidden things in God than what our senses can perceive; and thirdly, that a view of God alone is sufficient to strengthen our weakness, so that we may become firmer than rocks to withstand all the assaults of Satan. It hence follows, that the weaker and the less resolute any one is, the less faith he has. -- John Calvin commenting on Hebrew 11:25-27

    As there was no face of a church for forty years, and, although the Lord had some seed, yet it was in a state so disordered and so ruinous that there was no visible people of God, he now restores the Church its name, when he has assembled it by the word of the Gospel. This majestic work of God, therefore, ought to confirm us on this point, that we may know that he will never forsake his Church; and although wicked men tear us by their slanders, and beat and spit upon us, and in every way endeavour to make us universally loathed, let us remember that God is not deprived of his right to vindicate us in the world, whose names he has deigned to write in heaven. -- John Calvin, commenting on Isaiah 62:2

    Now upon this very comprehensive ground, we withdraw not only from gross heretics, and sectarians, and malignant prelatists. . . . But in this broken and declining state, even from many Presbyterian Ministers who have overturned a great part of our testimony . . . which has been signally sealed by the blood of many Martyrs who laying down their lives for this Testimony have been singularly countenanced of the Lord: yet we say, by many of our ministers this in a great measure has been deserted and perverted, by their condemning the Martyrs that died for it, as well as us who have desired to witness for it . . . -- James Renwick, An Informatory Vindication, 1687, p. 75-76

    irenic: adj, FORMAL, aiming or aimed at peace. -- Oxford Dictionary of English
    The Christian with a clear witness has an irenic effect on those he associates with.

    Adams, Jay Edward, The Practical Encyclopedia of Christian Counseling.
    See the subject "Associations," and so forth, and so on.

    *Anonymous, Protesters Vindicated: Or, A Just and Necessary Defence of Protesting Against, and Withdrawing from This National Church of Scotland on Account of Her Many Gross and Continued Defections, 1716. Alternate title: PROTESTERS VINDICATED: OR, A JUST AND NECESSARY DEFENCE OF PROTESTING AGAINST, AND WITHDRAWING FROM THIS NATIONAL CHURCH OF SCOTLAND; ON ACCOUNT OF HER MANY GROSS AND CONTINUED DEFECTIONS. . . , 1716. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27.
    "The title continues: 'More particularly, her approving of, and going into the legal establishment of the Prelatic constitutions of England. The generality of ministers swearing, in the Oath of Abjuration, to maintain Erastianism, Prelacy, and English Popish Ceremonies. Non-Jurants joining with Jurants, judicially approving that practice to be free of scandal. The Church's establishing tyranny in government, against all who will not join in communion with her, and approve her practices without redress of grievances. Wherein these and several other causes of withdrawing are proven to be justly chargeable on the Church, demonstrated to be contrary to the Word of God and Reformed principles of this Church, and just grounds of withdrawing, and setting up judicatures distinct from her; and the objections of Jurants and others fully answered.' This is a classic, detailed statement of the old covenanted principles and the biblical attainments of the Second Reformation (like the Solemn League and Covenant, the Westminster Standards, etc.). It is also an excellent defense against the modern malignants who counsel Christ's children to remain in the backsliding and covenant breaking denominations that abound in our day. Very Rare!" -- Publisher

    Barrow, Reg, Reformation Worship and Separation From Idolatry Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #19 and #27. Available (PSALM SINGING IN SCRIPTURE AND HISTORY), on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1-30.
    "In two parts: 1. 'The Regulative Principle of Worship in History' and 2. 'Psalm Singing in Scripture and History.' Part one explains, defends and chronicles the Reformation use of the regulative principle as the basis of all faithful public worship. Part two defends exclusive Psalmody, demonstrating that this position is nothing less than our Reformation heritage, based on the second commandment. It argues, on the foundation of a biblically close communion, that Christians should separate themselves ecclesiastically from those who do not practice exclusive Psalmody. Hard teaching, but faithful to Scriptures and the original intent of the Westminster Standards." -- Publisher
    The Regulative Principle of Worship in History, by Reg Barrow (refutes Arminianism in worship)
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/CRTPWors.htm
    Psalm Singing in Scripture and History. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1-30.
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/CRTPsSing.htm

    Fergusson, James, (1621-1667), Refutation of the Errors of Toleration, Independency, Erastianism, and Separation, 1692. Alternate title: A BRIEF REFUTATION OF THE ERRORS OF TOLLERATION, ERASTIANISM, INDEPENDENCY AND SEPARATION. DELIVERED IN SOME SERMONS FROM I JOH. 4. I [1 John 4:1]. PREACH'D IN THE YEAR 1652. TO WHICH ARE ADDED FOUR SERMONS PREACH'D ON SEVERAL OCCASIONS (1692). Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    http://archive.org/details/briefrefutationo00ferg
    See also: Johannes G. Vos, THE BIBLE DOCTRINE OF THE SEPARATED LIFE: A STUDY OF BASIC PRINCIPLES.

    Fraser, James (of Brae), The Lawfulness and Duty of Separation From Corrupt Ministers and Churches Explained and Vindicated, 1744. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27. A Christian classic.
    "This is one of the most comprehensive treatises dealing with the lawfulness and duty of separation. It does not shy away from the hard biblical questions, but rather meets them head on. Fraser covers all the major biblical reasons for separation, both in general and in particular. Some of these Scriptural reasons for separation include (examples in parentheses are selected to fit our contemporary situation in accord with the general headings found in the book -- though a number of these specific errors are also dealt with in the book itself): 1. Heresy, or error in doctrine (e.g. Arminianism, Pelagianism, Romanism, the denial of the regulative principle of worship, antinomianism, legalism, etc.); 2. Idolatry in public worship (e.g. singing hymns of human composition, paedocommunion and open communion, the use of musical instruments, women speaking or preaching, anti-paedobaptism, Charismatic [or anabaptistic], folly and excesses, malignancy [anti-covenanting], etc.); 3. Tyranny in government (e.g. Popery, Prelacy, Independency, etc.); 4. Sinful terms of communion (e.g. any terms which deny or ignore the attainments of the Covenanted Reformation or in any way contravene Scripture); 5. Tolerationism (e.g. refusing to discipline the scandalous, open communion and countenancing false ministers or false governments or false doctrine, etc.). Many other areas are also dealt with, not the least of which include a strong testimony against the Prelatical Priest George Whitefield (who, as the preface notes, is 'a person leavened with gross errors, enthusiastic delusions, etc.'). In the publisher's original reasons for publication we read, 'In this book the case and nature of schism and separation is cleared, and the true scriptural terms of church-communion, and grounds of separation from corrupt churches and ministers, carrying on backsliding courses from the Covenanted Reformation principles . . . , are clearly handled, and the same proven to be just and warrantable grounds of separation, and many useful cases of conscience concerning separation; and what are just and warrantable grounds of separation and what are not, are solidly, learnedly, and accurately discussed and resolved, and the case of separation clearly stated, handled and determined; and separation from corrupt ministers and churches is fully vindicated; and the true Scripture marks of time-servers and hirelings, who should be separated from, are given from the Word of God.' Calvin, Knox, Rutherford, Gillespie, Durham, Owen (who repented of his Independency and embraced Presbyterianism just before he died), and a host of other notable Reformers are cited throughout. Occasional hearing and occasional communion are also exposed and rebuked from Scripture. Appended to the book is, 'The Reasons agreed upon by the Reformers of the Church of Scotland, For which the Book of Common Prayer, urged upon Scotland, Anno 1637 was refused. As also the Reasons agreed upon by the Assembly of Divines at Westminster, for laying aside the English Book of Common Prayer. Together with Mr. George Graham's Renunciation and Abjuration of Episcopacy.' This is an almost flawless photocopy of this exceedingly rare and valuable book (which was obtained at great expense from the Bodleian Library [Oxford University], in England). It is one of the major Reformed classics concerning the topics that it addresses and it answers many common questions which Christians raise today regarding church affiliation. It is also a much needed landmark of Reformation testimony against the white devils of Independency and sectarianism and the black devils of Popery and Prelacy -- which can be seen to be covering the land once again -- contrary to the teaching of the Word of God and the attainments fought (and died), for during the Second Reformation." -- Publisher

    *Renwick, James (1662-1688), and Alexander Shields, and other "Society People," An Informatory Vindication of a poor, wasted, misrepresented remnant of the suffering, anti-prelatic, anti-Erastian . . . 1744. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27.
    "INFORMATORY VINDICATION (1687), a statement of principles issued by the Society People (see Societies, United), during James VII's reign. Prepared mainly by James Renwick, latterly in consultation with Alexander Shields, it was published in Utrecht. Its full title reflects something of the contents: AN INFORMATORY VINDICATION OF A POOR WASTED MISREPRESENTED REMNANT OF THE SUFFERING ANTI-POPISH ANTI-PRELATIC ANTI-ERASTIAN ANTI-SECTARIAN TRUE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF CHRIST IN SCOTLAND UNITED TOGETHER IN A GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. BY WAY OF REPLY TO VARIOUS ACCUSATIONS IN LETTERS INFORMATIONS AND CONFERENCES GIVEN FORTH AGAINST THEM. It refuted charges brought against the 'Remnant' of schism (in their eyes a great evil) . . . The VINDICATION mourned the estrangement from other Presbyterians who had accepted the government's INDULGENCES OR EDICTS OF TOLERATION, and expressed love for them as fellow-ministers 'with whom again we would desire to have communion in ordinances'. The separation had been forced upon the Society People by the tyranny and temper of the times, but it did not affect their position as being in the succession of the historic Kirk of Scotland. The document aimed to clear away the hostility and misunderstanding about them that had grown up in Scotland and Holland. (Nigel Cameron, editor, Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology, p. 429)
    "In proof of the catholic, unsectarian, Christian spirit of Renwick and his followers, the clear statements of the INFORMATORY VINDICATION, the work which most fully and clearly defines their position, may be referred to . . . In these noble utterances, we have strikingly exemplified the true spirit of Christian brotherhood . . . This is the genuine import of the vow of the Solemn League and Covenant, which binds Covenanters to regard whatever is done to the least of them, as done to all and to every one in particular. While firmly holding fast all Scriptural attainments, and contending earnestly for the faith once delivered to the saints, we should cordially rejoice in the evidences of grace in Christ's servants wherever we find them. We should love them as brethren, fulfill the law of Christ by bearing their burdens, wish them God speed in all that they are doing for the advancement of His glory, and fervently labour and pray for the coming of the happy period when divisions and animosities shall cease, and when there shall be one King, and His name one in all the earth. The testimony of Renwick and his associates is of permanent value and of special importance in our day, as it was directed against systems of error and idolatry, which serve to corrupt the Church and enslave the State. Against Popery in every form Renwick was a heroic and uncompromising witness. At the peril of life, he publicly testified against the usurpation of the papist James, and rejected him as having no claim to be regarded as a constitutional sovereign, and as utterly disqualified to reign in a Protestant reformed land. This was the main ground of his objection against James' toleration, for which the Indulged ministers tendered obsequious thanks to the usurper. Yet this edict of toleration was issued for the purpose of opening the way for the practice of Rome's abominations, and for the advancement of papists to places of power and trust in the nation. None of the Cameronians would, for any earthly consideration, even to save their lives, for a moment admit that a papist had any right to exercise political power in a reformed land. Our martyred forefathers we regard as worthy of high respect and imitation, for their deeply cherished dread of the growing influence of Popery, and for their determined resistance to its exclusive and extravagant claims. The system of Popery is the abnegation of all precious gospel truth; and is a complete politico-religious confederacy against the best interests of a Protestant nation. The boast of its abettors is that it is semper eadem, ever the same. Rome cannot reform herself from within, and she is incapable of reformation from external influences and agencies. The Bible never speaks of Antichrist as to be reformed, but as waxing worse and worse till the time when he shall be completely subverted and irrecoverably destroyed. Whatever changes may be going on in some Popish countries, whereby the power of the Papacy is weakened, it is evident that the principles and spirit of the Romish priesthood, and of those who are under their influence, remain unchanged. The errors of the anti-Christian system, instead of being diminished, have of late years increased. Creature worship has become more marked and general. The Immaculate Conception has been proclaimed by Papal authority as the creed of Romanism. In these countries, and some other Protestant lands, the influence of Popery in government and education, and so on the whole social system, has been greatly on the increase. Among those who have most deeply studied inspired prophecy, there is a general expectation that the period of Babylon's downfall is hastening on, and is not far distant. There is a general presentiment too, that the Man of Sin, prior to his downfall, will make some dire and violent attempt through his infatuated followers against the truth, and against such as faithfully maintain it. The 'Slaying of the Witnesses,' which we are disposed to regard as yet future may take place, not so much by the actual shedding of blood, though it is plain that Jesuit policy and violence will not hesitate to re-enact former persecution and massacre, to accomplish a desired purpose. It may mainly be effected, as Scott, the expositor, suggests, by silencing the voice of a public testimony in behalf of fundamental truths throughout Christendom; and of this there are at present unmistakable signs not a few, throughout the churches in various countries. The Protestant church in all its sections should be thoroughly awake to its danger from the destructive errors, idolatry and power of its ancient irreconcilable enemy; and should, by all legitimate means, labour to counteract and nullify its political influence. The ministry and the rising youth of the church should study carefully the Popish controversy, and should be intimately acquainted with the history of the rise and progress of the Papacy its assumed blasphemous power its accumulated errors and delusions, and its plots, varied persecutions and cruel butcheries of Christ's faithful witnesses. Above all, they should set themselves earnestly, prayerfully and perseveringly to diffuse the Bible and Gospel light in the dark parts of their native country, and among Romanists in other lands. By embracing fully and holding fast, in their practical application, the principles of the British Covenants, and by imbibing the spirit of covenanted martyrs men like Renwick and the Cameronians, we will be prepared for the last conflict with Antichrist. The firm and faithful maintenance of a martyr-testimony will be a principle instrument of the victory of truth over the error and idolatry of Rome. They overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death. (Rev. 12:11 [Revelation 12:11]). Finally, the testimony of Renwick is valuable, as throwing light on great evils connected with systems of civil government, and with Protestant churches, and as pointing out clearly the duty of faithful witnesses in relation to them. Two great principles, the one doctrinal, and the other practical, were essential to it, or rather constituted its whole specialty. These were, first, that, according to the national vows, and the reformation attainments, the whole civil polity of the nation should be conformed to the Scriptures, and secondly, the positive duty of distinct separation from whatever systems in the state and church that are opposed to entire allegiance to Messiah the Prince." (Houston, The Life of James Renwick, pp. 52-55)
    "Some of them, particularly in Scotland, loved not their lives unto death for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held. Rev. vi. 9 [Revelation 6:9]. These refused to have communion in public ordinances not only with prelatical ministers, but even with the acceptors of indulgences or licenses from the civil power, to exercise their ministry under certain limitations. The INFORMATORY VINDICATION, which certainly contains the genuine principles of church communion, held by the sufferers for the cause of Christ in that period, declares, that they could by no means own or countenance the administrations of the indulged ministers; because they considered the indulgence, in any of the forms in which it was granted by the civil power, as derived from the supremacy claimed by that power in ecclesiastical matters; as laying the office of the ministry under unwarrantable restriction; and as tending, in a great measure, to suppress and bury the covenanted reformation, cf. Informatory Vindication, Head iv." (Anderson, Alexander and Rufus; or a Series of Dialogues on Church Communion [1862], p. 294)
    "To the friends of evangelical truth, and the faithful witnesses for the redeemer's royal prerogatives, the services of Renwick, at the crisis in which he exercised his public ministry, were invaluable. He was eminently the man for the time. Through the influence of the unhappy Indulgence, the strict Covenanters were reduced to what they style themselves in the Informatory Vindication, a 'wasted, suffering, anti-popish, anti-prelatic, anti-erastian, anti-sectarian remnant.' By the death of Cargill and Cameron, they were left as 'sheep without a shepherd,' broken and scattered. Through the fierceness of persecution, and the machinations of enemies, they were in danger of falling into confusion, and of being entirely wasted and destroyed. We admire the gracious providence of God in preparing, at this particular crisis, an instrument of such rare and suitable endowments for feeding 'the flock in the wilderness,' and for unfurling and upholding so nobly the 'Banner of Truth' amidst hosts of infuriated enemies. James Renwick, though a very youth when he entered on his arduous work, and trained under great outward disadvantages, had a powerful and well-cultivated mind. He was endowed with singular administrative talent, and had great tact and skill in managing men. He was an acute and logical thinker, an eloquent and attractive public speaker, and was distinguished by fertility and force as a writer. The INFORMATORY VINDICATION his testimony against King James' 'toleration, with his 'Letters,' and 'Sermons and Lectures,' bear ample evidence of his sound judgment, comprehensive mind, and ability as an author. His prudence, meekness and loving disposition, combined with his sanctified zeal, and heroic courage, deservedly gave him great influence among those to whom he ministered. He was eminently fitted to be 'a first man among men.' The Lord held him in the hollow of his hand, and made him a 'polished shaft in his quiver.' The services which Renwick rendered to the Protestant cause were invaluable. He organized the scattered remnant, and imparted new life and ardour to their proceedings. He set forth clearly the principles of the 'Society people;' and in a number of able and logical papers, clearly defined their plans of action. He rendered it, in a great measure, impossible for enemies to misrepresent and accuse them falsely to the Government. He was their Secretary in their correspondence with foreign churches; and he did much to evoke the prayerful sympathy of Protestants in other lands in behalf of the victims of persecution in Scotland. The presence and influence of Renwick among the suffering Presbyterians were of the highest importance in his own day; and not to them alone, but also to the whole church of Christ in these lands, and to the constitutional liberties of the nation. So far as we can see, but for the singular power and devoted spirit of Renwick, and the firm and unyielding position which the Cameronians through him were led to assume, the cause of truth would have been completely borne down, and Erastianism, and Popery, and Despotism had triumphed. Renwick and his followers were the vanguard 'in the struggle for Britain's liberties, and for the Church's spiritual independence.' Though, like other patriots born before their time, they were doomed to fall, yet posterity owes to them a large part of the goodly heritage which they enjoy. (Houston, The Life of James Renwick [1865], pp. 36-37). Emphases added throughout the preceding quotations. This is a very rare and valuable specimen of Paleopresbyterian (Covenanter) thought don't miss it! 142 pages, plus new material added by the present publisher." -- Publisher
    An Informatory Vindication, 1687, James, Renwick, Alexander Shields and Other "Society People"
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/societies/informatory_vindication.html

    *Rutherford, Samuel, (1600-1661), The due Right of Presbyteries or a Peaceable Plea for the Government of the Church of Scotland . . . , 1644. Alternate title: THE DIVINE RIGHT OF CHURCH-GOVERNMENT AND EXCOMMUNICATION: OR A PEACABLE DISPUTE FOR THE PERFECTION OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURE IN POINT OF CEREMONIES AND CHURCH GOVERNMENT; IN WHICH THE REMOVAL OF THE SERVICE-BOOK IS JUSTIFI'D, THE SIX BOOKS OF THO: ERASTUS AGAINST EXCOMMUNICATION ARE BRIEFLY EXAMIN'D; WITH A VINDICATION OF THAT EMINENT DIVINE THEOD: BEZA AGAINST THE ASPERSIONS OF ERASTUS, THE ARGUMENTS OF MR. WILLIAM PRYN, RICH: HOOKER, DR. MORTON, DR. JACKSON, DR. JOHN FORBES, AND THE DOCTORS OF ABERDEEN; TOUCHING WILL-WORSHIP, CEREMONIES, IMAGERY, IDOLATRY, THINGS INDIFFERENT, AN AMBULATORY GOVERNMENT; THE DUE AND JUST POWERS OF THE MAGISTRATE IN MATTERS OF RELIGION, AND THE ARGUMENTS OF MR. PRYN, IN SO FAR AS THEY SIDE WITH ERASTUS, ARE MODESTLY DISCUSSED. TO WHICH IS ADDED, A BRIEF TRACTATE OF SCANDAL; . . . BY SAMUEL RUTHERFURD, PROFESSOR OF DIVINITY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF ST. ANDREWS IN SCOTLAND. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #9 and #24.
    "Almost 800 pages long, Rutherford here deals with church membership, separation from the visible church, the civil magistrate and religion, communion among churches, the errors of the independents (specifically in New England), and much more. This could be considered the LEX, REX of church government -- another exceedingly rare masterpiece of Presbyterianism! Characterized by Walker as sweeping 'over a wider field than most. Most essential points which Gillespie has barely touched, Rutherford carefully considers; as, for instance, the nature of the visible church as such, and its constituent elements. Even in the Erastian controversy he is a necessary supplement to his great contemporary. It is something to me altogether amazing, the mass of thinking about Church questions you have in those writings.' Bannerman, in his CHURCH OF CHRIST calls this a 'very learned and elaborate treatise.' Here is a sample of Mr. Rutherford's writing: 'A private subtraction and separation from the Ministry of a known wolf and seducer, . . . this the Law of nature will warrant . . . as Parker saith from Saravia, 'it is lawful to use that blameless and just defence, if the bad church-guide cannot be deposed.' So the son may save himself by a just defence in fleeing from his mad father, or his distracted friend coming to kill him. Now this defence is not an authoritative act, nor a judicial act of authority, but a natural act that is common to any private person, yea to all without the true Church as well as within to take that care in extreme necessity, for the safety of their souls, that they would do for the safety of their bodies' (1642), cited in The Original Covenanter and Contending Witness magazine." -- Publisher
    The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
    http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

    *Rushdoony, Rousas J., (1916-2001), Christianity and the State, ISBN: 9996717755. Available through Exodus Books.
    "The need to return to a Biblical doctrine of civil government is evidenced by our century's worldwide drift into tyranny. Humanism invariably rushes in to fill the world's theological vacuums: the need of the hour is to restore a full-orbed, Biblical, theology of the state. This work sets forth that theology." -- GCB

    Sibbes, Richard, (1577-1635), The Church's Visitation. In THE WORKS OF RICHARD SIBBES, (1:371-84). Available (THE WORKS OF RICHARD SIBBES), on the Puritan Hard Drive.

    *Vos, Johannes G., The Bible Doctrine of the Separated Life: A Study of Basic Principles.
    An essay against binding the conscience with regard to practices which cannot be proved from Scripture to be sinful.

    Wilson, David, A Modest Apology for the Conduct of Seceders: In Refusing to Join in Christian Communion With Sectarians, Latitudinarians, etc., who Have Departed From the Purity of the Reformation Once Attained to in These Kingdoms. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27.
    "An exceedingly rare work published in 1773. Sets forth a strong case for separation from all bodies that are backslidden from the work of covenanted reformation, as it was attained during the days of the Westminster Assembly, and as set forth in the Westminster Confession of Faith [1646] and its related documents (regarding the government, worship, doctrine and discipline of Christ's church). Denounces the 'detestable indifference or neutrality' of not maintaining covenant obligations, which bind all reformers, 'to endeavour the extirpation of all superstition, heresy, schism, and whatsoever should be found contrary to sound doctrine.' Also proves that there is no liberty or love that is contrary to God's Word. Maintains Christian charity throughout by distinguishing between loving the persons in error, and taking part with, or encouraging them in their sinful confederacies or actions. A great work on the subjects of purity, faithfulness and separation. It is in keeping with the sentiments expressed in the Reformed Presbytery's ACT, DECLARATION AND TESTIMONY which states: 'The first cry against the presbytery and its members was 'schism, schismatics.' This charge was promptly and publicly met and refuted, by showing from the Scriptures, that schism 'is in the body,' 1 Cor. 12:26 [1 Corinthians 12:26]; and from the approved writings of our covenanting fathers, that 'sometimes to avoid schism, we must separate.' Our worthy ancestors knew better than to adopt the vocabulary of papal Rome. Besides, 'the majority making defection are the real separatists.' -- Samuel Rutherford" -- Publisher

    See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), Justice, judgment, god's final judgment, the great white throne judgment, the day of the lord, Toleration, liberty of conscience, pluralism, and neutrality, Pseudo-christian movements: a selection of works, Hell, Unfaithful reformed ministries, Bad relationships a cause of disease and death, Reform of the church, Carnality and flesh pleasing, Menpleasing, Ensnaring oaths (vows, promises, covenants) and bonds with the ungodly, Secret societies, ungodly alliances, voluntary associations, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Sexual relationship, and so forth, and so on.
    TCRB5: 276-297, 1272, 2991, 3072, 3353, 3916, 3918
    MGTP: Judgment (Last), Judgment (or Purging), of the Church, Judgment (or Purging), of the Nation



    Slavery, Our Systems of Enslavement, Economic Enslavement

    And I will walk at liberty: for I seek thy precepts. (Psalm 119:45). Saints find no bondage in sanctity. The Spirit of holiness is a free spirit; he sets men at liberty and enables them to resist every effort to bring them under subjection. The way of holiness is not a track for slaves, but the King's highway for freemen, who are joyfully journeying from the Egypt of bandage to the Canaan of rest. God's mercies and his salvation, by teaching us to love the precepts of the word, set us at a happy rest; and the more we seek after the perfection of our obedience the more shall we enjoy complete emancipation from every form of spiritual slavery. . . . -- C.H. Spurgeon commenting on Psalm 119:45 in The Treasury of David, p. 228

    The concept of freedom does not explain sin. While sin is not unrelated to freedom, the latter does not explain the rise of the former. God has authentic freedom and cannot sin, and God created man with a freedom that was morally qualified and whose continuance depended on a refraining from sin. Man as created possessed the ability not to sin, and the man recreated in Christ, and begotten of God, "does not sin" (1 John 5:18). ["The present tense of the Greek suggests behavior that is characteristic or usual. In this way John acknowledges, but does not excuse, the possibility of occasional sin."] True freedom is constituted by man's created, and later recreated, ability to do the good, not by a morally unqualified faculty to do either the one or the other. Freedom belongs to the essence of man as created by God and as restored by Christ; in neither instance is it a morally neutral and unqualified aspect of humanity. The effect of human sin upon freedom is defined in Biblical thought, therefore, not as another form of freedom, but rather as slavery and bondage (Romans 6). Man as created was no more free to sin than, having sinned and fallen into moral bondage, he is free again to become what he once was. Sin constitutes a loss, not an exercise of freedom. Sin is a mystery, immoral and irrational, whose denouement is not found in the concept of human freedom. Freedom as an explanation of sin leads invariably into some form of Pelagianism and Arminianism.
    If in freedom man could sin against his Maker, freedom by the same definition would contain the possibility of man's self-propelled return to his Maker. If sin is a true exercise of freedom, such freedom, even after sin, remains also free both to act in Pelagian, semi-Pelagian, or Arminianistic fashion to undo its sin and to return to God -- or to refuse to return to God.
    According to the Genesis account of man's fall into sin, man was not free to sin, but under divine command not to sin, on threat of death. Adam and Eve were under the restrictive divine command not to do what they in fact did. Freedom, as authority, is comprised of the components: might plus right. An authority which exercises a might without right is a totalitarian perversion of authority; a freedom which does that which it has no right to do is an anarchistic perversion of true freedom.
    The theological tenet that God created man free, that is, with a freedom that was free to sin (posse peccare), is an explanation of sin in terms of sin. If God had endowed man with such freedom, God could not in justice allow man's freedom to suffer that bondage which sin inflicts upon freedom.
    In Biblical thought, however, man's act of sin is regarded as a loss of freedom. According to the Genesis account of the Fall, man loses his right to existence in the Garden of Eden, his right to life, and his right to be himself -- naked and not ashamed. In the continuing Biblical account, man as sinner is exhibited as no longer free to be himself. He is either a slave to sin and under the power of death, a devotee of idols -- who in this devotion to idols becomes sub-human and like his idols (Psalm 115:8), or he becomes a captive to grace and through this captivity again receives his true freedom as a gift from God, a freedom permitting him to enjoy release from, and forgiveness for, his sinful past and the gift of grace that justifies his right to live in an open and unending future. -- James Daane

    Absolute claims of authority over creation are an insult to God's prerogatives. -- Annotation to Isaiah 37:25 in The Reformation Study Bible

    And I will betroth thee unto me for ever; yea, I will betroth thee unto me in righteousness, and in judgment, and in loving kindness, and in mercies. I will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness; and thou shalt know the Lord. (Hosea 2:19-20)
    Betrothment unto the Lord! What an honor and a joy! My soul, is Jesus indeed thine by His own condescending betrothal? Then, mark it is forever. He will never break His engagement, much less sue out a divorce against a soul joined to Himself in marriage bonds.
    Three times the Lord says, "I will betroth thee." What words He heaps together to set forth the betrothal! Righteousness comes in to make the covenant legal; none can forbid these lawful bans. Judgment sanctions the alliance with its decree: none can see folly or error in the match. Lovingkindness warrants that this is a love union, for without love betrothal is bondage and not blessedness. Meanwhile, mercy smiles and even sings; yea, she multiplies herself into "mercies" because of the abounding grace of this holy union.
    Faithfulness is the registrar and records the marriage, and the Holy Spirit says "Amen" to it as He promises to teach the betrothal heart all the sacred knowledge needful for its high destiny, What a promise! -- C.H. Spurgeon in Faith's Checkbook

    The wealthy stand as magistrates in the economic arena and have the same duty of stewardship as do those who hold political office. -- C. Gregg Singer, "Calvinism and Economic Thought and Practice" in John Calvin: His Roots and Fruits, p. 46

    In the early 18th century, slavery was outlawed in Georgia. In 1749, George Whitefield campaigned for its legalization, claiming that the territory would never be prosperous unless farms were able to use slave labour[10]; through his efforts, it was re-legalized in 1751. Whitefield became a slave owner, using them to work at his Bethesda Orphanage; to help raise money for the orphanage; he also put slaves to work at a plantation called Providence. Whitefield was known to treat his slaves well; they were reputed to be devoted to him, and he was critical of the abuse and neglect of their slaves by other owners[11]. When Whitefield died, he bequeathed his slaves to Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon[12]. -- Wikipedia article

    The real value of an object is that which one who knows its worth will give for it. He who made the soul, knew its worth, and gave His life for it. -- Arthur Jackson

    Attersoll, William, A Commentarie Upon the Epistle of Saint Paule to Philemon: VVherein, the Apostle Handling a Meane and low Subject, intreating for a fraudulent and fugitive servant, mounteth aloft unto God, and delivereth sundry high mysteries of true religion, and the practise of duties œconomicall. Politicall. Ecclesiasticall. As of persecution for righteousnesse sake . . . And of the force and fruit of the ministery. Moving all the ministers of the Gospell, to a diligent labouring in the spirituall harvest . . . Written by William Attersoll, minister of the word of God, at Isfield in Suffex.

    Barnard, Henry, Slavery, A Bibliography and Union List of the Microform Collection, ISBN: 0667006133 9780667006133.

    Barnard, Henry, and Microfilming Corporation of America, Slavery, A Bibliographic Guide to the Microfiche Collection, ISBN: 0667006729 9780667006720 0667006133 9780667006133.

    Black, John, (1768-1849), Slavery Contrary to the Bible: An Address Delivered to the Students at the Theological Hall, Canonsburg.

    Black, John, (1768-1849), et al., The Bible Against Slavery: With Replies to the Bible View of Slavery, by John H. Hopkins, Bishop of the Diocese of Vermont: And to A Northern Presbyter's Second Letter to Ministers of the Gospel, by Nathan Lord, Late President of Dartmouth College: And to "X," of the New-Hampshire Patriot.
    Contributors: Stephen Montford Vail, John Henry Hopkins, Nathan Lord, and New Hampshire Patriot.
    The Bible Against Slavery
    http://www.covenanter.org/JBlack/johnblack.htm

    Brooks, Pat, Dale Crowley, Jr., and Des Griffin, Freedom or Slavery?
    "A profoundly disturbing book . . . exposes the hidden agenda to de-Christianize and destroy her [the United States], through dispensational 'Christian Zionism' and 'JudeoChristianity'."

    *Brown, E. Richard, Rockefeller Medicine Men: Medicine and Capitalism in America, ISBN: 0520038177 9780520038172.
    This book is as relevant today (2015) as it was in 1979. The players are still the same: foundations, corporations, and government. If anything the political-economic process of healthcare reform is even more complex today.
    "This book explains how controlled the medicine industry is, how it became that way, and why America has the highest costs in the world for less than adequate medical care." -- Reader's Comment
    "Historical epidemiological evidence overwhelmingly supports the conclusion that medical science has played a relatively small role in reducing morbidity and mortality." (p. 219)
    "Medical science rescued the medical profession, in particular the practitioners, from the widespread lack of confidence in their effectiveness." (p. 77)
    Capitalists and corporate managers "embraced scientific medicine as an ideological weapon in their struggle to formulate a new culture appropriate to and supportive of industrial capitalism." (p. 10)
    "For members of the corporate class, technological medicine has legitimized their economic and political dominance by diverting attention from the consequences of their control -- that is, from such 'social costs' as class inequalities, domination based on race or sex, occupational hazards, and environmental degradation. For the medical profession, the knowledge generated by medical science and the techniques of medical technology provided the basis for physicians' claims to a monopoly of authority over the practice of medicine." (p. 239)
    "As medical science won public and professional credibility, it also solved the second and fundamentally more serious problem facing the profession in the nineteenth century: competition. . . . The overall impact of scientific medicine within the profession was to legitimize control by elite practitioners and medical school faculty." (p. 80)
    "Health care could be more effective in improving health if its research and action were directed at environmental conditions in about the same proportion that those conditions contribute to sickness and death." (p. 240)
    "If you have read and 'got' anything by Noam Chomsky, or Howard Zinn, you will 'get' this book.
    "After being award an MBA from Stanford (hence, I can confidently say I very well understand the 'business' of medicine), and practicing medicine for 20 years in both the public and private sector, I have come to the conclusion that Mr. Brown's thesis is on the money. -- Reader's Comment

    Carson, Thomas, and Mary Bonk, Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History, ISBN: 0787677264 9780787677268 0787638889 9780787638887 0787638897 9780787638894 0787638900 9780787638900.

    *Coit, Margaret L. (1919-2003), John C. Calhoun: American Portrait, ISBN: 0877971854, 978-0877971856.
    This heavily documented 593-page biography is a fascinating glimpse into secular American life in the times of John C. Calhoun (1782-1850), including southern plantation life, and the intricacies of political diplomacy in Washington, D.C.
    For any reader who has been immersed in the Reformed Presbyterian Church History of this period, this biography offers a fresh and rewarding diversion into the parallel secular and political history.
    There is a lot to learn here. Human nature was the same in Calhoun's day as it is today. The selfishness of men in power was creating a serious imbalance in the economy. Calhoun understood this, and he fought heroically for political solutions to prevent a split in the union. (Ecclesiastes 1:9,10). It informs about much of what was going on in the South prior to "The War Between the States: The War of Northern Aggression, The War for Southern Independence," information that revisionist historians often leave out of textbooks.
    The book has been criticized as a weak analysis of Calhoun as a political theorist, but this is probably an unfair criticism. Much is discussed about Calhoun' political position. The politician or the scholar of political science should read John C. Calhoun, et al., A Disquisition on Government and A Discourse on the Constitution of the United States, Papers, 28. Both his works and his correspondence also have been published.
    The biography does discuss the various causes of the split in the union: the decline of the federal character of our government with the resulting dominance of Northern industrial majority over the minority interests of the South, tariff regulations favoring the North, economic exploitation of the South, unbalanced growth, states rights, slavery, and so forth, and so on.
    The issue of Southern slavery is not as "cut and dried" as abolitionists and the Northern sympathizers would have the public believe. For example, the similarities between Southern slavery and the "wage slavery" of Northern industrialists is mentioned.
    The question of slavery has perplexed this writer for years. This biography, and the lecture, "Biblical Slavery: Its Meaning and Necessity," have helped clear up questions about the position of pro-unreconstructed Southern Evangelicals, the apparent "paradox" of the social benefits of Biblical slavery, conflicting motives for the Civil War, Robert L. Dabney's (1820-1898), "unbelievable blind spot" in the midst of excellent theology, and Dabney being branded a "racist."
    Calhoun is said to be one of the most able statesmen and politicians ever to serve in Washington. This work by Margaret Coit received the Pulitzer Prize in biography in 1951. It accounts for why Calhoun is held in such high esteem in the South, even today. He has been praised as a politician by C. Gregg Singer, the church historian.
    There is scant mention of Calhoun's religious convictions, and their influence on his politics. See A Theological Interpretation of American History.
    "The former Vice-President [under John Quincy Adams and the first term of Andrew Jackson -- compiler], was able to become the spokesman of the minority within that era. In doing so, he offered a vigorous justification of why the majority should be limited in what they can do to the minority. His explanation is as sound today for any minority as it was for defending the South in his time." -- Reader's Comment
    "His influence during four decades of national life cannot be denied, which is one of the reasons why scholars to this day argue over whether there are two distinct periods to Calhoun's career: his earlier years when he seemed more inclined to support national-oriented legislation, and his later years when he appears as an early 'states rights' man.
    "Coit, who clearly admires him and is determined to unearth the person behind the stony legend, argues that Calhoun's devotion to nation and state were as one, and that in his view only through a determined affirmation of the rights of the states could the larger national confederation succeed. . . ." -- Reader's Comment
    Coit hints at a distant personal connection to John C. Calhoun on page 306, saying the Reverend John C. Coit, a Presbyterian clergyman, was a friend of Calhoun's.
    "Coit has a very vivid style and sometimes she comes dangerously close to crossing the line into writing fiction (such as when she enters the mind of a dying Calhoun and offers a series of flashback sketches)." -- Reader's Comment

    Davies, Samuel, (1723-1761), Letters From the Rev. Samuel Davies, &c. Shewing the State of Religion in Virginia, Particularly Among the Negroes. Likewise an extract of a letter from a gentleman in London to his friend in the country, containing some observations on the same, 1757.

    Edwards, Jonathan (1703-1758), The Injustice and Impolicy of the Slave Trade, and of the Slavery of the Africans: Illustrated in a Sermon Preached Before the Connecticut Society for the Promotion of Freedom, and for the Relief of Persons Unlawfully Holden in Bondage, at their annual meeting in New-Haven, September 15, 1791. By Jonathan Edwards, D.D. Pastor of a church in New-Haven. Alternate title: DR. EDWARDS'S SERMON ON THE SLAVE-TRADE.

    Gentleman in Edinburgh, Popery and Slavery Reviving: or, An Account of the Growth of Popery, and the Insolence of Papists and Jacobites in Scotland. In a letter from a gentleman in Edinburgh, to his friend in London. . . .

    Hummel, Jeffrey Rogers, Emancipating Slaves, Enslaving Free Men: A History of the American Civil War, ISBN: 0812693116 9780812693119 0812693124 9780812693126.
    "The main thing I got out of this book was just how damaging Lincoln was to the cause of freedom in America. Lincoln trampled individual rights, jailing people indefinitely on his whim, initiating the draft, even assaulting freedom of speech (which I think is one of the few freedoms left). From Hummel's Libertarian perspective, Lincoln was probably the worst president in history. The one thing that should be pointed out in Lincoln's defense is that war always involves curtailments of liberty and requires an essentially fascistic operation of the government. The problem is that the increased governmental power doesn't go away after the war ends. I think this book is very timely at this moment in history, as our current president is about to lead us into yet another war. The Constitution says that only Congress can declare war. That means that the United States cannot engage in any military action with another country unless two-thirds of Congress approves it. Yet, look at all the presidents who have committed U.S. troops to war without a Congressional declaration. Why isn't this seen as unconstitutional? Why aren't they talking about it on Face the Nation? What gave Truman the right to commit U.S. forces to fight in Korea? Why does everyone in the media assume that George Bush has the right to start a war with Iraq when he has no such constitutional authority? What gave Clinton the power to bomb an aspirin factory in the Sudan to divert attention from his sex scandals? I'll tell you who: it was Lincoln. He started the whole trend." -- Reader's Comment
    "In this insightful treatment of the Civil War (addressing the causes, the war itself and Reconstruction), Hummel's text argues against the thesis that armed confrontation was inevitable. 'As an excuse for civil war,' he says, 'maintaining the States territorial integrity is bankrupt and reprehensible. Slavery's elimination is the only morally worthy justification.' But slavery, he suggests, was on its way out in any case. Not only was it a political liability, but the institution's many-faceted costs (social cost, enforcement, uprisings, mistreatment), outweighed any profits. If, after decades of unsuccessful compromise, the North had recognized the South's revolutionary right to self-determination and had let the Gulf states secede, slavery would have succumbed in the border states. Hummel goes on to argue, as have many others before, that after a devastating war and the disappointment of Reconstruction, a federal government that once interfered only a little in the affairs of individual states 'had been transformed into an overbearing bureaucracy that intruded into daily life with taxes, drafts, surveillance, subsidies and regulations.' Hummel, a professor of history and economics at Golden Gate University in San Francisco, quotes David H. Donald, saying, 'Before the Civil War, many politicians and writers referred to the United States in the plural' -- i.e., the United States are, a grammatical agreement no longer used after 1865. With its insightful analysis (not to mention the extensive bibliographical essays that elaborate each chapter), EMANCIPATING SLAVES, ENSLAVING FREE MEN will supply both the academic and Civil War buff with an added perspective on the causes and consequences of the Civil War." -- Publishers Weekly

    Jordan, Don, and Michael Walsh, White Cargo: The Forgotten History of Britain's White Slaves in America, ISBN: 9780814742723 0814742726 9780814742969 0814742963.

    *Kennedy, Walter Donald, Myths of American Slavery, ISBN: 1589800478 9781589800472.
    "I agree. The Civil War created the foundation for the New Slavery, called Federal Slavery. Modern American slaves are victims to more confiscation than 19th century slaves.
    "I do not agree with all author Kennedy's points. Slavery was certainly a partial cause shown by reading Jefferson Davis's first inaugural speech in the 'new' confederate union. It had slavery all over it. But, agreed, the primary cause was taxation, likewise with most wars. The history of the world is one group living off the labor of another. I love how Kennedy speaks the truth here.
    "Even today, we are forced to choose between being a slave or a master. Parents, teach your children not to be the slave. Books like this give profound historical insight. The game never ends.
    "This book further highlights that the master and slave relationship has not, and will not go away until people, black and white, have the courage to leave the modern Federal plantation. When forced, like in the USA, choose the master but embrace liberty. Great book!" -- Reader's Comment

    Lean, Garth, God's Politician: William Wilberforce's Struggle, ISBN: 0939443031 9780939443031.

    Lewis, Gordon, Slavery, Imperialism and Freedom: Studies in English Radical Thought, ISBN: 0853454477 9780853454472 0853455015 9780853455011.

    *M'Leod (McLeod), Alexander, (1773-1833), Negro Slavery Unjustifiable, 1802. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18. (ACL, DVD Four, CD #20)
    http://www.covenanter.org/McLeod/negro.htm

    Newton, John, (1725-1807), John Newton,

    Newton, John, (1725-1807), Out of the Depths, 2nd edition, ISBN: 0825433193 9780825433191.
    "The original and unvarnished account of one of Christianity's most dramatic conversions -- the autobiography of John Newton, the author of 'Amazing Grace.' This is the ultimate, full-length hymn story, as spectacular and compelling today as when it was first written.
    "Newton, and at age eleven went to sea with his father, a shipmaster on the Mediterranean. Disregarding his mother's prayer that he enter the ministry, he engaged in the lucrative but brutal African slave trade for a number of years. After his conversion he served in the Church of England as pastor of Olney parish and later of the combined church of St. Mary's in London.
    "In addition to the words of 'Amazing Grace,' Newton was a prolific songwriter whose other well-known hymns include 'Glorious Things of Thee Are Spoken' and 'How Sweet the Name of Jesus Sounds'." -- Publisher

    North, Gary, The Biblical View of Slavery (Fort Worth, TX: Dominion Press).
    "Most people fail to recognize that the 19th and 20th century concept of slavery is entirely different from the slavery in the ancient world. Dr. North surveys and contrasts the pagan view of slavery with the humanistic and the Biblical view. He discusses the Old Testament concept and how it changed in the New Testament." -- GCB
    Institute for Christian Economics Freebooks.com
    http://www.freebooks.com/

    Palmer, B.M., Slavery a Divine Trust. The Duty of the South to Preserve and Perpetuate the Institution as it now Exists.

    Pollock, John, Wilberforce, ISBN: 0312879423 9780312879426.
    "Today Christians are on the frontlines in the battles against abortion, drugs, and pornography. Sometimes they wonder if they can win. Read the story of one brave Englishman who labored long against slavery in the British Empire and won." -- GCB

    Reformed Presbyterian Church of Scotland. Presbytery of Edinburgh, Deliverance of the Reformed Presbytery of Edinburgh on American Slavery and Church-fellowship with Slave-holders.

    *Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Ecclesiastical Megalomania: The Economic and Political Thought of the Roman Catholic Church, ISBN: 0940931753 9780940931756.
    "This book is a detailed examination of the official statements of the Vatican on economic and political matters. It demonstrates the collectivism and totalitarianism of the Roman Catholic Church-State. It is the only such book written by a Christian in the twentieth century.
    "This book explores the conflict between Roman Catholic social thought and human freedom, relying on official pronouncements from the Vatican to show that the political and economic theory of the Roman Church-State justifies feudalism, corporativism, liberation theology, the welfare state, and fascism.
    "Dr. John W. Robbins attended Grove City College (A.B. 1969), and The Johns Hopkins University (M.A. 1970, Ph.D. 1973). He has served as chief of staff for a Member of Congress [Ron Paul of Texas], editor of The Freeman magazine, Economist for The Heritage Foundation, and Professor of Political Philosophy in The Freedom School." -- Publisher
    Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Knox, Samuel Rutherford, John Owen, Thomas Manton, The Westminster Assembly, James Renwick, Archibald Mason, Christopher Ness, Francis Turretin, The Reformed Presbytery, David Steel, James R. Willson, Alexander M'Leod, William L. Roberts, James Aiken Wylie, Andrew Wilet, Henry Wilkinson, James Wylie, Patrick Fairbairn, James Aiken, Andrew Wilet, Alexander Hislop, Francis Nigel Lee, Arthur W. Pink, and so forth, and so on, have all believed and argued in print that the seated Pope is the Antichrist of the Bible.
    The Roman Church-State is "the world's oldest, largest, most powerful and most influential politico-ecclesiastical institution" and it "may also be the world's wealthiest."

    Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Slavery Christianity: Paul's Letter to Philemon, an article (Unicoi, TN: The Trinity Foundation, November, 2005), ISBN: 1891777173 9781891777172.
    "Slavery. Racism. Rebellion. Civil disobedience. The problems are as pressing today as they were 1900 years ago when the Apostle Paul wrote a letter to a slave-owner, Philemon, about his runaway slave -- and the runaway slave carried Paul's letter back to his legal owner.
    "What did the letter say? Did Paul -- does Christianity -- approve of slavery? Does Christianity condone slavery? Or does the Gospel abolish slavery and establish freedom wherever it is believed? Jesus said, If you abide in my Word, you are my disciples indeed; and you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.
    "Paul's letter to Philemon is a masterpiece of divinely inspired political philosophy. It provides the basis for the non-violent abolition of slavery wherever the Gospel of Jesus Christ is preached and believed.
    "Dr. John W. Robbins holds the Ph.D. in Political Philosophy from The Johns Hopkins University. His most recent book is FREEDOM AND CAPITALISM: ESSAYS ON CHRISTIAN POLITICS AND ECONOMICS." -- Publisher

    *Roberts, William Louis (1798-1864), The Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, ISBN: 0524065543 9780524065549. A Christian classic. Considered to be among the ten greatest books in the English language. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available from ATLA 1991-2638.
    A magnificent catechism that sets forth the Crown Rights of The King of Glory and Lord of Lords. It also presents incontrovertible evidence that the United States Constitution is not a Christian document, and that it is, in fact, a slavery document.
    "A manual of instruction, drawing from such notable authors as William Symington and J.R. Willson, presenting 'arguments and facts confirming and illustrating the 'Distinctive Principles' of the Reformed Presbyterian Church. Chapters deal with: 'Christ's Mediatorial Dominion in General;' Christ's Exclusive Headship Over the Church;' 'The Supreme and Ultimate Authority of the Word of God in the Church;' Civil Government, the Moral Ordinance of God;' Christ's Headship Over the Nations;' 'The Subjection of the Nations to God and to Christ;' The Word, or Revealed Will of God, the Supreme Law in the State;' 'The Duty of Nations, in Their National Capacity, to Acknowledge and Support the True Religion:' 'The Spiritual Independence of the Church of Christ:' 'The Right and Duty of Dissent From an Immoral Constitution of Civil Government;' 'The Duty of Covenanting, and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants;' 'The Application of These Principles to the Governments, Where Reformed Presbyterians Reside, in the Form of a Practical Testimony;' and finally 'Application of the Testimony to the British Empire. . . .' -- Publisher
    Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
    http://archive.org/details/ReformedPresbyterianCatechism
    Roberts, William, On the Mediatorial Dominion of The Lord Jesus Christ, excerpted from THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM.
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/roberts_rp_catechism_section_01_mediatorial_dominion.html
    Roberts, William, The Exclusive Headship of The Lord Jesus Christ Over the Church of God, excerpted from the REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM.
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/roberts_rp_catechism_section_02_christs_headship_over_the_church.html
    Roberts, William, Civil Government the Moral Ordinance of God, excerpted from THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM.
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/roberts_rp_catechism_section_04_civil_government.html
    Roberts, William, On Christ's Headship Over the Nations, excerpted from THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM.
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/roberts_rp_catechism_section_05_christs_headship_over_nations.html
    Roberts, William, The Subjection of the Nations to God and to Christ, excerpted from the REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM.
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/reformedpresbyterian/roberts_rp_catechism_section_06_subjection_of_nations_to_christ.html
    See also: "The Scottish Covenanting Struggle, Alexander Craighead, and the Mecklenburg Declaration," SECRET PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, CONSPIRACY IN PHILADELPHIA: THE ORIGINS OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION, and A THEOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF AMERICAN HISTORY.

    Sommerville, William, Southern Slavery not Founded on Scripture, 1864 ISBN: 066590830X 9780665908309.

    *Steele, David (1803-1887), A Case of Conscience. Alternate title: THE U.S. CONSTITUTION, TAXATION, SLAVERY, ANTICHRIST, CHURCH DISCIPLINE AND THE COVENANTERS and CIRCULAR NO. 2. Available (THE U.S. CONSTITUTION, TAXATION, SLAVERY . . .) on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available (THE U.S. CONSTITUTION, TAXATION, SLAVERY . . .) on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18, #26.
    Circular No. 2, David Steele
    "On Covenanter identity, the American 'civil' war and matters of taxation." -- Publisher
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2016/4/25/circular-no-2
    Steele, David (1803-1887), A Case of Conscience
    "An short article on the question of covenanters and taxation." -- Publisher
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2016/4/26/a-case-of-conscience

    *VanderKemp, Johannes, The Christian Entirely the Property of Christ, in Life and Death: Exhibited in Fifty-three Sermons on the Heidelberg Catechism. See "all editions" in WorldCat.org.
    The Christian Entirely the Property of Christ in Life and Death (Free download, Kindle format)
    http://archive.org/details/christianentire00kempgoog

    Vision Video, The Better Hour: The Legacy of William Wilberforce, DVD (Vision Video, March 18, 2008), ISBN: 0793694124 9780793694129, 60 minutes.
    A new documentary about William Wilberforce, subject of the film "Amazing Grace."
    " 'The Better Hour' is the story of a man who, inspired by faith, used his political and social influence to change the world for the better. At the beginning of the 19th century, almost a third of the British economy depended on the trade of human beings. William Wilberforce was determined to end this horrific practice, by persuading both Parliament and British society to abolish slavery in the British Empire.
    "Once, everyone knew the name William Wilberforce. Frederick Douglas said, 'Let no man forget the name of William Wilberforce.' A quarter century after Wilberforce's death, Abraham Lincoln said, 'Every school boy knows the name of William Wilberforce.' Yet 'few Americans today understand why, or even know Wilberforce's name,' explains 'The Better Hour' executive producer Cullen Schippe.
    "Shot in high definition, 'The Better Hour: The Legacy Of William Wilberforce' is an engaging documentary, rich with content and commentary, that can inspire people with the remarkable story of William Wilberforce. He used his position as a British parliamentarian to launch 69 organizations for the betterment of society and end the trans-Atlantic slave trade -- a business that was key to the country's economic strength.
    "The film focuses on a politician who, over time, developed strength of character in the service of high and seemingly unattainable goals. This film highlights William Wilberforce's drive and love for humanity and reveals how he and his colleagues worked tirelessly to end the slave trade, even as it represented a large portion of the British economy. In Wilberforce, we see character and a sense of justice for all join together to bring into the world what the English poet William Cowper described as 'the better hour'." -- Publisher

    *Von Mises, Ludwig, Liberty and Property, ISBN: 9781579703783 157970378X.
    "Originally delivered as a lecture at Princeton University, October 1958, at the 9th meeting of the Mont Pelerin Society." Includes bibliographical references.

    Webster, Chauncey, Divine and Human Rights, or, The Westminster Confession and the Constitution of the United States Tested by the Holy Scripture. Found in MISCELLANEOUS, VOL. 6. "The substance of a discourse delivered Nov. 14, 1844, at the First Associate Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia.

    *Wilberforce, William, (1759-1833), Real Christianity. Alternate title: A PRACTICAL VIEW OF THE PREVAILING RELIGIOUS SYSTEM OF PROFESSED CHRISTIANS IN THE HIGHER AND MIDDLE CLASSES IN THIS COUNTRY, CONTRASTED WITH REAL CHRISTIANITY. PUBLISHED IN 1797 BY WILLIAM WILBERFORCE, ESQ. MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT FOR THE COUNTY OF YORK, ISBN: 157748584X.
    "Wilberferforce (1759-1833), was a member of the English Parliament for 45 years, a politician by calling, but a Christian in his faith and practice.
    "He was a prime mover in the abolition of slavery in England. This book was printed in 1797, and has gone through many printings since, in English and five other languages.
    "The book is highly abridged, being originally 450 pages. . . . The main thrust of the book is on practical Christianity. . . . Wilberforce teaches the importance of a God-centered life. Any life that is not centered on our Creator is not life at all, but such persons are dead while living (1 Timothy 5:6) . . ." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.

    Wilcox, D. Ray, The Reformed Presbyterian Church and the Antislavery Movement. (Unpublished MA thesis, Colorado State College of Education, 1948).

    Willson, James R. (1780-1853), Address on the Subject of African Slavery: Delivered in Fayetteville, September 14, 1837.

    Yates, Robert, John Lansing, and Luther Martin Secret Proceedings and Debates of the Constitutional Convention, 1787. Alternate title: SECRET PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE CONVENTION ASSEMBLED AT PHILADELPHIA, IN THE YEAR 1787, FOR THE PURPOSE OF FORMING THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, ISBN: 1410203638 9781410203632.
    "One of the most important collections of documents pertaining to the formation of the Constitution of the United States. Notes on the convention taken by Robert Yates, Chief Justice of New York, and copied by John Lansing, Jun. Esquire, late chancellor of that state, members of that convention. Including 'The Genuine Information,' laid before the Legislature of Maryland, by Luther Martin, Esquire, then attorney-general of that state, and member of the same convention. James Madison thought that Yates and Martin 'appear to have reported in angry terms what they observed with jaundiced eyes.' It must be added that in many particulars Yates' notes were fuller than Madison's own. Luther Martin's GENUINE INFORMATION is a general summary of the course of the Debates, with a running criticism on the provisions of the Constitution. Also contains an appendix with documents by Edmund Randolf, and others." -- Publisher
    "The delegates, of the free states (in the national convention), in their extreme anxiety to conciliate the ascendancy of the Southern slaveholders, did listen to a compromise between right and wrong -- between FREEDOM and SLAVERY, of the ultimate fruits of which they had no conception, but which already, even now, is urging the Union to its inevitable ruin and depopulation, by a civil, servile, foreign, and Indian war, all combined in one; a war, the essential issue of which will be between freedom and slavery, and in which the unhallowed standard of slavery will be the desecrated banner of the North American Union -- that banner first unfurled to the breeze inscribed with the self-evident truths of the Declaration of Independence." -- John Quincy Adams, commenting on proceeding in the Constitutional Convention and prophetic of the War Between the States
    Secret Proceedings and Debates of the Constitutional Convention, Conspiracy in Philadelphia: The Origins of the U.S. Constitution
    http://garynorth.com/phildelphia.pdf

    See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, Covetousness, greed, selfishness, The inspiration and infallibility of scripture (the doctrine of revelation, the doctrine of plenary inspiration, the doctrine of divine inspiration, the doctrine of verbal inspiration, The ten commandments: the moral law, Trusting god, Freedom: a gift of the grace of god, State sovereignty and corporate immunity: reform of corporations, Theft, Sexual relationship, Spiritual adultery (spiritual whoredom/harlotry), Idolatry, syncretism, Sexual wholeness, Rebellion and lawlessness: wickedness, demonic possession, substance abuse, abnormal behavior, insanity, mental illness, mental retardation, Repentance, the key to salvation and change, Justice, the theology of judgment, god's final judgment, the great white throne judgment, the day of the lord, Justifying faith, Justification, Forgiveness, Sanctification, The covenant faithfulness of god, The all-sufficiency of christ, Lordship of jesus christ, Christ's kingdom, Covenant theology and the ordinance of covenanting, The covenanted reformation, Background and history of the covenanted reformation of scotland, Covenanted reformation short title listing, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, The one and the many, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Individual responsibility for corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Unfaithful reformed ministries, Secret societies, ungodly alliances, voluntary associations, Conspiracy and corruption, Pseudo-christian movements: a selection of works, Politics, Casuistry, cases of conscience, The theology of freedom, Freedom: a gift of the grace of god, Political and economic freedom, Biblical economics, Christian liberty, Freedom with responsibility to god, Christian self-government, Acts of faithful assemblies, The aristocracy of wealth, Feudalism, Anarchy, Tyranny, Biblical civil government and the basis for civil resistance, The christian foundation of america, Colonial history, Covenanting in america, Christianity and democracy, The utter failure of the u.s. constitution as a social deed of covenant, The civil war of the united states, the war for southern independence, the war between the states: the war of northern aggression, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, and so forth, and so on.
    TCRB5: 2138

    Related WebLinks

    *Biblical Slavery: It's Meaning and Necessity, a sermon [audio file], by Brian Schwertley
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=74101315272

    Philemon
    http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr3ch.html#phlmn

    Negro Slavery Unjustifiable Homepage
    http://www.covenanter.org/Slavery/slaveryhome.htm

    Reject Draft Slavery, Rep. Ron Paul, MD.
    "Without conscription, unpopular wars are difficult to fight. Once the draft was undermined in the 1960s and early 1970s, the Vietnam War came to an end. But most importantly, liberty cannot be preserved by tyranny. A free society must always resort to volunteers. Tyrants think nothing of forcing men to fight and serve in wrongheaded wars. A true fight for survival and defense of America would elicit, I am sure, the assistance of every able-bodied man and woman. This is not the case with wars of mischief far away from home, which we have experienced often in the past century.
    "A government that is willing to enslave some of its people can never be trusted to protect the liberties of its own citizens. I hope all my colleagues to join me in standing up for individual liberty by rejecting HR 163 and all attempts to bring back the draft."
    http://www.lewrockwell.com/paul/paul209.html



    The Aristocracy of Wealth

    Many issues in the secular world reduce down to a dollars and sense consideration.

    Beard, Charles Austin (1874-1948), Forrest McDonald (introduction), An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States, ISBN: 0029024803.
    "In this classic and controversial interpretation of the economic conditions of the United States between 1783-1787, Beard proposes the thesis that the Framers were motivated by economic concerns. In his landmark work, THE GROWTH OF AMERICAN LAW, Hurst describes AN ECONOMIC INTERPRETATION . . . as 'one of "the basic works" on the Federal Convention of 1787.' (Hurst, The Growth of American Law: 458). Beard [1874-1948], was a founder of The New School for Social Research." -- Publisher

    Clouse, Robert G., William E. Diehl, et al., Wealth and Poverty: Four Christian Views of Economics, ISBN: 0877843473 9780877843474.

    *Kelly, Marjorie, The Divine Right of Capital: Dethroning the Corporate Aristocracy, ISBN: 1576752372 9781576752371.
    First published just prior to the Enron debacle, the new paperback edition, includes new material on Enron.
    "Wealth inequality, corporate welfare, and industrial pollution are symptoms -- the fevers and chills of the economy. The underlying illness, says Business Ethics magazine founder Marjorie Kelly, is shareholder primacy: the corporate drive to make profits for shareholders, no matter who pays the cost. In THE DIVINE RIGHT OF CAPITAL, Kelly argues that focusing on the interests of stockholders to the exclusion of everyone else's interests is a form of discrimination based on property or wealth. She shows how this bias is held by our institutional structures, much as they once held biases against blacks and women. THE DIVINE RIGHT OF CAPITAL exposes six aristocratic principles that corporations are built on, principles that we would never accept in our modern democratic society but which we accept unquestioningly in our economy. Wealth bias is a holdover from our pre-democratic past. It has enabled shareholders to become a kind of economic aristocracy. Kelly shows how to design more equitable alternatives -- new property rights, new forms of corporate governance, new ways of looking at corporate performance -- that build on both free-market and democratic principles. We think of shareholder primacy as the natural law of the free market, much as our forebears thought of monarchy as the most natural form of government. But in THE DIVINE RIGHT OF CAPITAL, Kelly brilliantly demonstrates that it is no more 'natural' than any other human creation. People designed this system and people can change it. We need a change of mind as profound as that of the American Revolution. We must question the legitimacy of a system that gives the wealthy few -- the ten percent of Americans who own ninety percent of all stock -- a disproportionate power over the many. In so doing, we can fulfill the democratic principles of our nation not only in the political sphere, but in the economic sphere as well." -- Publisher
    "Brilliant. So simple. So direct. And so beautifully written. I think we have found our Thomas Paine for the new millennium." -- David Korten, author of When Corporations Rule the World
    "Marjorie Kelly is the cofounder and editor of Business Ethics, a national publication on corporate social responsibility. Kelly's writing has appeared in publications such as The Utne Reader, The Progressive Populist, Tikkun, Earth Island Journal, Hope Magazine, and the Minneapolis Star-Tribune. Her work has been anthologized in a half-dozen books, including THE NEW ENTREPRENEURS and THE NEW PARADIGM IN BUSINESS. Kelly is a regular speaker and commentator on business ethics and corporate social responsibility featured in The Wall Street Journal, quoted in the New York Times, and interviewed frequently on NPR and other radio networks." -- Publisher
    Divine Right of Capital
    http://www.divinerightofcapital.com/
    Business Ethics Magazine
    http://www.business-ethics.com/
    Corporate Accountability
    NPR "Marketplace," Monday, November 18, 2002. An interview including Robert Hinkley and Marjorie Kelly. A RealAudio file. Scroll down to the "Corporate Accountability" heading and play the audio file.
    "Here's the question: Does corporate governance really need to be overhauled or are would-be reformers simply overreacting? In the start of a two-day series on corporate accountability, Steve Tripoli takes a look."
    http://www.marketplace.org/shows/2002/11/18_mpp.html
    An Opening for Change: Understanding the Enron Crisis
    Excerpted from THE DIVINE RIGHT OF CAPITAL: DETHRONING THE CORPORATE ARISTOCRACY, by Marjorie Kelly, San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, paperback edition 2003
    http://www.divinerightofcapital.com/new_agenda.htm
    Corporate Accountability Project
    http://www.corporations.org/
    Corporate Governance
    http://corpgov.net/
    Code for Corporate Responsibility
    http://www.c4cr.org/

    McDonald, Forrest, and Russell Kirk, We the People: The Economic Origins of the Constitution, ISBN: 1560005742 9781560005742.
    "Few vices are easier to arouse than envy. Politicians and ideologues have had great success exploiting the resentment that arises when pitting rich against the poor.
    "From the time of its publication in 1913 until the 1960s, Charles Beard's thesis dominated discussion of the founders' motives. In the mode of the Marxist interpretation of history as class struggle, Beard argued that economic self-interest, rather than concern for the general good, determined the writing and outcome of the Constitution.
    "Interestingly, Beard asserted his system of alignment without actually proving it, admitting that his work was fragmentary because it failed to fill in the blanks. The real legwork of research wasn't done until over fifty years later, when historian Forrest McDonald put Beard's thesis to the test. McDonald dug through numerous public records to write economic biographies of the delegates (the 55 who attended the Constitutional Convention and the 1,750 members at the state conventions), analyzing their occupations, income, and assets. By comparing these to how the delegates voted, he found that Beard's thesis was incompatible with the facts.
    "In We the People McDonald analyzed the geographical and political factions represented by delegates, their property holdings and occupations, their voting patterns, if any, and whether they benefited directly from the proposed Constitution. For the state conventions he divided chapters into states favorable, divided, and opposed to the Constitution. At the end he re-evaluated Beard's thesis and discussed whether any economic interpretation could be applied to our founding given the complexity and variety of occupations and opinions that existed.
    "The result was a remarkable, though at times necessarily tedious, bit of historical detective work. Very likely it came as a great relief to many Americans to learn that the founders had something other than their own economic gain at heart. Probably few were surprised that the founders were a much more diverse group than Beard had realized.
    "We may find that independence difficult to believe today, when the forces of selfishness, materialism, and special interest seem so dominant, not merely among political and business leaders but among the general populace. Today propagandists still want to align people into absolutes, much like trial lawyers who portray their clients as angels and their opponents as devils. Our shallow political debates revolve around false dichotomies such as the Party of Business and the Party of the Common Man. But I imagine this adversarial, intellectually dishonest approach will continue to be used as an effective tool as long as there is envy to be harvested in the heart of man. -- Reader's Comment

    See also: The ten commandments: the moral law, Covetousness, greed, and selfishness, Biblical economics, Political and economic freedom, Theft, stealing and fraud: property rights, State sovereignty and corporate immunity: reform of corporations, Monopoly and anti-trust law enforcement, Carnality and flesh pleasing: lust, desires, ambition, pleasure, Wealth and prosperity, the snare of, Taxation and war, Conspiracy and corruption, Slavery, our systems of enslavement, economic enslavement, and so forth, and so on.



    Feudalism

    Feudalism is still alive and well in today's modern corporate world, in spirit and intent. -- Bizshifts Trends.com.

    The Corporate worldview we are operating under today remains rooted in the Feudal Age, a system in which a few wealthy noblemen lived in luxury at the expense of the masses. The capital of corporations is distributed by an accounting system that was constituted to serve the wishes of an aristocracy of wealth under a 16th century monarchy. The principles of accounting have remained essentially unchanged since that Feudal Age, 600 years ago. (Bizshifts Trends, Shlapentokh, Martinez)

    Cheyney, Edward Potts, Documents Illustrative of Feudalism, ISBN: 0404089747 9780404089740.

    Ghent, William J., Oliver Wendell Holmes Collection (Library of Congress), Our Benevolent Feudalism.

    Kerr, Robert L., The Corporate Free-speech Movement: Cognitive Feudalism and the Endangered Marketplace of Ideas, ISBN: 9781593323592 159332359X.

    King, Hugh B., A Short History of Feudalism in Scotland: With a Criticism of the law of Casualties and a Chapter on the Ancient and Later Constitutions of Independent Scotland.

    Lederer, Emma, Feudalism as a Structure and Form of Society

    Martinez, Daniel, Self, Absurdity, and Feudalism in 21st Century America, ISBN 0988267772 9780988267770.
    "America is noted around the world as the premier example of democracy and productive capitalism. But the reality is that an elite class, working in conjunction with a self-serving cooperative government, exploits America's middle- and lower-class workers, creating a covert feudalist system which produces enormous wealth principally for the benefit of the ruling class. In the general population, social, moral, and political truth are distorted by a massive system of lies, propaganda, and popular delusions, making it even more difficult for the exploited workers to see through the blinding social fog. Those who confront the truth must face an unavoidable question: Do I want continue living my life as a mindless worker ant? -- Publisher

    Orren, Karen, Belated Feudalism: Labor, the law, and Liberal Development in the United States.

    Painter, Sidney, Feudalism and Liberty; Articles and Addresses.

    Rader, Trout, The Economics of Feudalism, ISBN: 0677032803 9780677032801 0677032854 9780677032856.

    *Robbins, John W. (1949-2008), Ecclesiastical Megalomania: The Economic and Political Thought of the Roman Catholic Church, ISBN: 0940931753 9780940931756.
    "This book is a detailed examination of the official statements of the Vatican on economic and political matters. It demonstrates the collectivism and totalitarianism of the Roman Catholic Church-State. It is the only such book written by a Christian in the twentieth century.
    "This book explores the conflict between Roman Catholic social thought and human freedom, relying on official pronouncements from the Vatican to show that the political and economic theory of the Roman Church-State justifies feudalism, corporativism, liberation theology, the welfare state, and fascism.
    "Dr. John W. Robbins attended Grove City College (A.B. 1969), and The Johns Hopkins University (M.A. 1970, Ph.D. 1973). He has served as chief of staff for a Member of Congress [Ron Paul of Texas], editor of The Freeman magazine, Economist for The Heritage Foundation, and Professor of Political Philosophy in The Freedom School." -- Publisher

    Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men, even when they exercise influence and not authority: still more when you superadd the tendency or the certainty of corruption by authority. -- John Emerich Edward Dalberg, Lord Acton (1834-1902), in a letter to Mandell Creighton, April 5, 1887, quoted by Gertrude Himmelfarb in Acton, Essays on Freedom and Power, pp. 335-36 (1972)
    "As the world focuses it attention on the papacy, we ought to recall Lord Acton, the great Roman Catholic historian of the 19th century. Many have heard the aphorism, 'Power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely,' though it is usually misquoted as 'Power corrupts.' Few who have heard it, however, know who its author was: John Emerich Edward Dalberg, better known as Lord Acton. Fewer still realize that Acton used the aphorism in opposing the papacy, the absolute monarchy of the Roman Catholic Church.
    "Acton's criticisms of the papacy and the Roman Church are some of most damning ever leveled against those institutions, and they are virtually unknown today. Yet to anyone seriously concerned about religious and political freedom, Acton's views on the Roman Church, his own church, in particular his condemnation of the papacy, ought to be of great interest. Unfortunately, contemporary theological correctness has a taboo against criticism of Catholicism.
    "Acton kept a notebook on the Inquisition in which he wrote:
    The object of the Inquisition [was] not to combat sin -- for the sin was not judged by it unless accompanied by [theological] error. Nor even to put down error. For it punished untimely and unseemly remarks the same as blasphemy. Only unity. This became an outward, fictitious, hypocritical unity. The gravest sin was pardoned, but it was death to deny the donation of Constantine. [The Donation of Constantine was a document forged in the eighth century in which the Roman Emperor Constantine willed the Western Roman Empire to the Pope. The Roman Church taught that the Donation was genuine, and the legal basis for the pope's civil authority, for centuries. -- JR]. So men learnt that outward submission must be given. All this [was] to promote authority more than faith. When ideas were punished more severely than actions -- for all this time the Church was softening the criminal law, and saving men from the consequences of crime: -- and the Donation was put on a level with God's own law -- men understood that authority went before sincerity.
    "Acton believed that the Inquisition was the institution by which the medieval papacy had to be condemned or acquitted. Just as a man charged with murder is judged for a single act, though be may be kind to his mother and a great philanthropist, so the papacy must be judged for the Inquisition. To Mandell Creighton, an Anglican priest, Acton wrote:
    I cannot accept your canon that we are to judge Pope and King unlike other men, with a favourable presumption that they did no wrong. If there is any presumption it is the other way, against holders of power, increasing as the power increases. Historic responsibility has to make up for the want of legal responsibility. Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men, even when they exercise influence and not authority: still more when you superadd the tendency or the certainty of corruption by authority. There is no worse heresy than that the office sanctifies the holder of it. . . . For many years my view of Catholic controversy has been governed by the following chain of reasoning: 1. A crime does not become a good deed by being committed for the good of a church. 2. The theorist who approves the act is no better than the culprit who commits it. 3. The divine or historian who defends the theorist incurs the same blame. . . . To commit murder is the mark of a moment, exceptional. To defend it is constant, and shows a more perverted conscience.
    "Acton turned his attention to other crimes of the Roman Church as well. Beginning on Sunday, August 24, 1572, tens of thousands of French Huguenots were massacred by the Catholics. Overnight, thousands were murdered, and the murders continued for several months. The massacre began in Paris. The sign of the cross was everywhere, and the murders took on the air of a crusade, a holy war against the infidels. The banks of the Seine became a slaughterhouse. Men, women, children, and infants were stabbed or dragged by a rope around the neck to be thrown into the river. The murder, looting, and rape went on for days in Paris.
    "The Pope, Gregory XIII, reacted immediately to this Catholic Holocaust: He delivered a complimentary speech, and commended the King of France, Charles IX, who 'has also displayed before our Most Holy Master and this entire assembly the most splendid virtues which can shine in the exercise of power.' The Pope commissioned a mural in honor of the great occasion; he ordered salutes fired for Charles; he had a commemorative seal struck; and in a horrible blasphemy he ordered a special Te Deum sung. Less than two years later, at the age of 24, King Charles died in extreme pain with blood oozing from his pores. His last words were pleas to God for pardon for the murders.
    "The massacre was a matter of controversy in 1868 when Acton wrote an essay in the North British Review. He concluded his long essay by saying that there was no evidence to absolve the Roman Church of premeditated murder. Acton argued that it was not only facts that condemned the papacy for this heinous crime, but the whole body of casuistry developed by the church that made it an act of Christian duty and mercy to kill a heretic so that he might be removed from sin. Acton pointed out that only when the Roman Church could no longer rely on force but had to make its case before public opinion did it seek to explain away its murders. 'The same motive which had justified the murder now promoted the lie,' he wrote. A bodyguard of lies was fabricated to protect the papacy from guilt for this monstrous sin. Acton wrote:
    The story is much more abominable than we all believed. . . . S.B. [St. Bartholomew's], is the greatest crime of modern times. It was committed on principles professed by Rome. It was approved, sanctioned, and praised by the papacy. The Holy See went out of its way to signify to the world, by permanent and solemn acts, how entirely it admired a king who slaughtered his subjects treacherously, because they were Protestants. To proclaim forever that because a man is a Protestant it is a pious deed to cut his throat in the night. . . .
    "For three centuries the Roman church's canon law had affirmed that the killing of an excommunicated person was not murder, and that allegiance need not be kept with heretical rulers. Murder and treason were part of the Roman church's official teachings. Charles IX was acting as a good Catholic, and he was highly praised by the pope for his murders.
    "In 1867 Pope Pius IX summoned a general council of the Roman Church to be held in Rome in 1870. It was the first general council of the Roman Church since the sixteenth century Council of Trent, at which the schismatic Roman Church had condemned all the truths of the Reformation. This time the Pope was determined to establish himself as the infallible sovereign of the Roman Church.
    "Acton thought that the time of the council would be better spent abolishing many of the 'reforms' made by the Council of Trent, reforms which had perpetuated in the Roman Church a spirit of intolerant absolutism and 'austere immorality.' He opposed the doctrine of papal infallibility, because, as an historian, he knew the popes were not infallible. Acton wrote:
    A man is not honest who accepts all the Papal decisions in questions of morality, for they have often been distinctly immoral; or who approves the conduct of the Popes in engrossing power, for it was stained with perfidy and falsehood; or who is ready to alter his convictions at their command, for his conscience is guided by no principle.
    "After studying the history of the popes, Acton wrote:
    The papacy contrived murder and massacre on the largest and also on the most cruel and inhuman scale. They were not only wholesale assassins but they made the principle of assassination a law of the Christian Church and a condition of salvation. . . . [The Papacy], is the fiend skulking behind the Crucifix.
    Massachusetts Attorney General, The Sexual Abuse of Children in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston, Thomas F. Reilly, Massachusetts Attorney General.
    "The mistreatment of children was so massive and so prolonged that it borders on the unbelievable," says the July 23 [2003] report of Massachusetts Attorney General Thomas F. Reilly. More than 1,000 minors were likely abused by priests over the past six decades."
    This is the 79-page report in its entirety.
    http://www.votf.org/ago/archdiocese.pdf
    Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Knox, Samuel Rutherford, John Owen, Thomas Manton, The Westminster Assembly, James Renwick, Archibald Mason, Christopher Ness, Francis Turretin, The Reformed Presbytery, David Steel, James R. Willson, Alexander M'Leod, William L. Roberts, James Aiken Wylie, Andrew Wilet, Henry Wilkinson, James Wylie, Patrick Fairbairn, James Aiken, Andrew Wilet, Alexander Hislop, Francis Nigel Lee, Arthur W. Pink, and so forth, and so on, have all believed and argued in print that the seated Pope is the Antic-Christ of the Bible.
    The Roman Church-State is "the world's oldest, largest, most powerful and most influential politico-ecclesiastical institution" and it "may also be the world's wealthiest." The Roman Catholic Institution is the ultimate "negative guide to the positive," the reformers ultimate "opposite guide to political and economic reform."
    Pope's visit means 3 White House firsts.
    President says 'man of faith' and conviction deserves the special treatment

    Associated Press, April 13, 2008
    "WASHINGTON -- The leader of the world's 1 billion Roman Catholics has been to the White House only once in history. That changes this week, and President Bush is pulling out all the stops: driving out to a suburban military base to meet Pope Benedict XVI's plane, bringing a giant audience to the South Lawn and hosting a fancy East Room dinner.
    "These are all firsts.
    "A crowd of up to 12,000 is due at the White House on Wednesday morning for the pope's official, pomp-filled arrival ceremony. It will feature the U.S. and Holy See anthems, a 21-gun salute, and the U.S. Army Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps. Both men will make remarks before their Oval Office meeting and a send-off for his popemobile down Pennsylvania Avenue.
    "The president explained the special treatment -- particularly the airport greeting.
    " 'One, he speaks for millions. Two, he doesn't come as a politician; he comes as a man of faith,' Bush told the EWTN Global Catholic Network in an interview aired Friday. He added that he wanted to honor Benedict's conviction that 'there's right and wrong in life, that moral relativism has a danger of undermining the capacity to have more hopeful and free societies. . . .' "
    "This week makes Bush the record-holder, with a total of five meetings with two popes. . . ."
    "The current pope's approach may be softer than that of John Paul, who turned from Bush's presentation to him of the Medal of Freedom in 2004 to read a statement about his 'grave concern' over events in Iraq."
    http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24096388/
    Bush Scandals
    An extensive resource. Includes websites for the Savings and Loan Scandal of the 1980s, considered the largest theft in the history of the world, involving Neil Bush, a brother of George W., the Florida's Voting Scandal of 2001 in which Al Gore lost the presidential election. Jeb Bush, another brother of George W., was Governor of Florida and had promised to deliver the state for his brother. Other sites treat George W. Bush's suspected involvement in 911 [911 is, of course, analogous to Roosevelt's Pearl Harbor]. Note particularly "Bush Family Machinations, 1918-2000," a timeline of Bush Family crimes prior to Election 2000.
    http://news4florida.tripod.com/index1.html
    The Panic of '08. Lew Rockwell Interviews Ron Paul, September 18, 2008
    A podcast.
    http://www.lewrockwell.com/podcast/?p=episode&name=2008-09-18_029_ron_paul_talks_to_lew_rockwell.mp3

    *Rushdoony, R.J., (1916-2001), This Independent Republic: Studies in the Nature and Meaning of American History. Available through Exodus Books.
    "First published in 1964 and out of print for many years, this series of essays gives important insight into American history by one who could trace American development in terms of the Christian ideas which gave it direction.
    "These essays will greatly alter your understanding of, and appreciation for, American history. Topics discussed include: The legal issues behind the War of Independence; Sovereignty as a theological tenet foreign to colonial political thought and the Constitution; The desire for land as a consequence of the belief in 'inheriting the land' as a future blessing, not an immediate economic asset; Federalism's localism as an inheritance of feudalism; The local control of property as a guarantee of liberty; Why federal elections were long considered of less importance than local politics; How early American ideas attributed to democratic thought were based on religious ideals of communion and community; and The absurdity of a mathematical concept of equality being applied to people. With index." -- Publisher

    Shlapentokh, Vladimir, and Joshua Woods, Feudal America: Elements of the Middle Ages in Contemporary Society, ISBN: 0271037822 978-0271037820.
    "Do Americans live in a liberal capitalist society, where evenhanded competition rules the day, or a society in which big money, private security, and personal relations determine key social outcomes? Vladimir Shlapentokh and Joshua Woods argue that the answer to these questions cannot be found among the conventional models used to describe the nation. Offering a new analytical tool, the authors present a provocative explanation of the nature of contemporary society by comparing its essential characteristics to those of medieval European societies.
    "Their feudal model emphasizes five elements: the weakness of the state and its inability to protect its territory, guarantee the security of its citizens, and enforce laws; conflicts and collusions between and within organizations that involve corruption and other forms of illegal or semilegal actions; the dominance of personal relations in political and economic life; the prevalence of an elitist ideology; and the use of private agents and organizations for the provision of safety and security. FEUDAL AMERICA urges readers to suspend their forward-thinking and futurist orientations, question linear notions of social and historical progression, and look for explanations of contemporary social problems in medieval European history." -- Publisher

    See also: The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), Covetousness, greed, and selfishness, The question of the one and the many, Carnality and flesh pleasing: lust, desires, ambition, Slavery, our systems of enslavement, economic enslavement, Theft, stealing and fraud: property rights, Taxation and war, Secret societies, ungodly alliances, voluntary associations, Oaths, ensnaring (vows, promises, covenants) and bonds with the ungodly, Power, Glory in iniquity, the temptation of, vainglory, Statism (hellenic thought), institutionalism, and corporatism, State sovereignty and corporate immunity: reform of corporations, The ten commandments: the moral law, Ethics, Medical ethics, Healthcare reform, Monopoly and anti-trust law enforcement, Casuistry, The commandments of christ, Cases of conscience, Will and recalcitrance, and so forth, and so on.

    Related WebLinks

    Mutation of Medieval Feudalism Into Modern Corporate Capitalism: The Rise of Neofeudalism in Corporate Governance
    "Feudalism is still alive and well in today's modern corporate world, in spirit and intent -- Question: What is the most enduring and stable system of economic and social order the world has ever known? It's not capitalism, or socialism, or dictatorship: It's feudalism. . . .
    "Though brilliant in its conception, feudalism was a biased hierarchy of authority, rights, power -- that extended from monarchs downward, creating an intricate network of obligatory situations that infringed on almost every basic human right . . . ."
    http://bizshifts-trends.com/mutation-medieval-feudalism-modern-business-capitalism-rise-neofeudalism-corporate-governance/

    Feudalism
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feudalism

    Neo-feudalism
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neo-feudalism



    Anarchy

    The "law of God" expresses the mind of the Creator, and is binding upon all rational creatures. It is God's unchanging moral standard for regulating the conduct of all men . . . The law was impressed on man's moral nature from the beginning, and though now fallen, he still shows the work of it written on his heart. This law has never been repealed, and, in the very nature of things, cannot be. For God to abrogate the moral law would be to plunge the whole universe into anarchy. Obedience to the law of God is man's first duty. . . . That is why in the first discourse of Christ recorded in the New Testament, he declared, "Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill" (Matthew 5:17), and then proceeded to expound and enforce the moral law. -- Arthur Pink, in Life of Faith

    John Cotton, writing in 1629, 1630, he and his Puritan colleagues, issued a very interesting question, and the question which he said was this, 'if the people govern, who shall be governed?' Democracy produces anarchy, and anarchy produces Totalitarianism. It is a very simple triad formula, and it has never failed to work. And I would have you think throughout these hours of this political question, if the people govern, who shall be governed? -- C. Gregg Singer in his lecture Decline of American Culture #02: Decline (Political, Economic, Cultural), Part 1

    Begg, James, (1808-1883), Anarchy in Worship or Recent Innovation Contrasted with the Constitution of the Presbyterian Church and the Vows of Her Office-Bearers (1875). Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #3, #4 and #24.
    "The principles upheld in this book are extremely important today, for as the title page notes 'When nations are to perish in their sins, 'Tis in the Church the leprosy begins.' Begg lays his foundations in the second commandment and deals with all man-made innovations in the worship of God. The four types of innovators exposed are especially interesting, being: 1. the presumptuous and blasphemous innovator; 2. the popularity-hunting innovator; 3. the politic and scheming innovator; 4. the aesthetic innovator. Women preachers, drama, dance and numerous other modern inventions in public worship would all be rejected outright if these Biblical principles were faithfully followed. Herein we also see why those holding to the Scriptural law of worship and the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) must reject musical instruments in public worship as just another Popish and Judaizing innovation -- a resurrecting of the abrogated ceremonial law -- and thus a denial of the finished work of Christ. The discussion of vows taken by office holders to the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646), as they relate to worship, is also extremely important and should be read not only by all elders who have bound themselves to uphold the WCF [1646], but also by all Christians who love the truth and want to maintain the church in purity." -- Publisher

    *Brown, John (of Haddington, 1722-1787), The Absurdity and Perfidy of All Authoritative Toleration of Gross Heresy, Blasphemy, Idolatry, Popery, in Britain. In two letters to a friend in which the doctrine of the Westminster Confession of Faith [1646], relative to Toleration of a False Religion, and the power of the civil magistrate about sacred matters; and the nature, origin, ends and obligation of the National Covenant and Solemn League are candidly represented and defended, 1797. Alternate title: A COMPEND OF THE LETTERS OF THE REV. JOHN BROWN, LATE MINISTER OF THE GOSPEL IN HADDINGTON: ON AUTHORITATIVE TOLERATION OF GROSS HERESY, BLASPHEMY, IDOLATRY, POPERY IN BRITAIN, AND ON NATIONAL COVENANTING; IN WHICH THE DOCTRINE OF THE WESTMINSTER CONFESSION OF FAITH . . . AND OF THE NATIONAL COVENANT AND SOLEMN LEAGUE ARE CANDIDLY REPRESENTED AND DEFENDED, 1797, and "REFORMATION ATTAINMENTS VERSUS BACKSLIDING RELIGIOUS PROFESSORS," appears to be an excerpt. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #7, #25, #26.
    Brown, John (of Haddington, 1722-1787), The Absurdity and Perfidy of all Authoritative Toleration of Gross Heresy, Blasphemy, Idolatry, Popery, in Britain
    http://archive.org/details/absurdityperfidy00brow
    "Reformation Attainments Versus Backsliding Religious Professors (excerpt from THE ABSURDITY AND PERFIDY OF ALL AUTHORITATIVE TOLERATION . . .
    "Here Brown deals with three major Reformation attainments (anti-tolerationism, establishmentarianism and the obligations of lawful covenants as they biblically bind posterity), that Satan has always been especially concerned to overthrow -- in every major demonic move to open the floodgates of lawlessness, anarchy and misrule. Fletcher, in the preface to the 1797 edition, relates this truth as it comes to bear on various religious professors, stating, 'Papists were enemies to our covenants because they were a standard lifted up against their system of abominable idolatries. Episcopalians were enemies to them, because they were a standard lifted up against their anti-scriptural church-officers and inventions of men in the worship of God. Some Presbyterians are enemies to them in our day through ignorance of their nature and ends; and others through fear of being too strictly bound to their duty.' (cited in Johnston, Treasury of the Scottish Covenant, p. 486)
    "A History of Heresy
    "It is also interesting to note the long list of backsliders and heretics that often oppose one or more of these points. 'The ancient Donatists, a sect of Arian separatists, who appeared about the beginning of the 4th Century, seem to have been among the first who held out these opinions to the Christian world. Feeling the weight of the arm of power for their schismatical practices, by way of reprisal, they stripped the magistrate of all power in religion; -- maintaining that he had no more power about religious matters than any private person, and refusing him the right of suppressing the propagators of doctrines different from those professed by the Church, or the observers of a different form of worship. From them the German Anabaptists adopted the same views. Then the Socinians (i.e. an early form of Scripture-denying liberals -- RB), and remonstrant Arminians, whenever the magistrate ceased to patronize their cause. The English Independents during the time of the Long Parliament were the zealous supporters of the same opinions. In their rage for liberty of conscience, they formed the strongest opposition in the Westminster Assembly which the Presbyterians had to encounter. Through their influence that venerable body was much embarrassed (hindered -- RB), in their proceeding; and by their means (in collusion with that "Judas of the Covenant," Cromwell -- RB), certain passages of the Confession of Faith never obtained the ratification of the English Parliament. The English Dissenters of the present age are generally in the same views, especially the Socinians, the Arians, and the Quakers, who have most to dread from the Laws of the Land against their blasphemies. And who knows not that the high reputation of Mr. Locke as a Philosopher . . . has given these opinions such an air of respectability, that many youth in the Universities have been thereby inclined to embrace them?' (Preface, pp. vi-vii).
    "The Covenantal Hammer Smashing the Idols of our day
    "In our day the tree of toleration (and the anti-Scriptural principles which logically grow out of it), has spread its branches in ways that could have never been envisioned by those that took the first steps away from biblical and covenanted uniformity. What Brown is fighting against here is an error so foundational that when left unchecked it permeates all of society, cutting out the foundational roots that are necessary for all national Reformations. And if the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do? (Ps. 11:3 [Psalm 11:3]). Furthermore, as the preface notes 'liberty of conscience and of opinion' are 'the great idols of the day.' Here Brown takes out his covenantal hammer and smashes these idols with an iconoclastic zeal worthy of our earlier Reformed forefathers. This book is especially useful in answering the persistent fear and questions that always arise when these old Reformed views are discussed: that is, the questions dealing with religious persecution. Brown spends much time in clearing the Westminster Divines of such false charges, while also setting these controversial Reformed teachings on a thoroughly biblical foundation.
    "Westminster's View of the 'Everlasting' Solemn League and Covenant
    "Interestingly, in the section defending the continuing obligation of the National and Solemn League and Covenant, we also note that the Westminster Assembly considered the Solemn League and Covenant an 'everlasting covenant.' Brown cites the following as proof, 'That the body of the English nation also swore the Solemn League and Covenant, is manifest. The Westminster Assembly and English Parliament, affirm, 'The honourable house of Parliament, the Assembly of Divines, the renowned city of London, and multitudes of other persons of all ranks and quality in this nation, and the whole body of Scotland, have all sworn it, rejoicing at the oath so graciously seconded from heaven. God will, doubtless, stand by all those, who with singleness of heart shall now enter into an everlasting covenant with the Lord.' (p. 161, emphasis added). The footnote tells us that the words Brown was quoting were taken from 'Exhortation to take the Covenant, February, 1644.'
    "Our Modern Day Malignants
    "Brown also includes a helpful section on a point some modern day malignants are once again attempting to use to overthrow the biblical attainments of the Covenanted Reformation. This section shows that the '(t)he intrinsic obligation of promises, oaths, vows, and covenants which constitutes their very essence or essential form, is totally and manifestly distinct from the obligation of the law of God in many respects.' (p. 120, emphasis added)
    "Brown's Dying Testimony to his Children
    "Finally, we cite a portion of Brown's dying testimony to his children given in the introduction (p. xix). Such testimonies, from notable Christian leaders, often contain singularly pertinent charges to their hearers. (For another notable example of this see James Renwick's dying testimony, as he was about to be martyred for his adherence to the Solemn League and Covenant, when he recounts what was later to become most of the terms of communion in Covenanted Presbyterian churches. This testimony can be found in Thompson's A CLOUD OF WITNESSES FOR THE ROYAL PREROGATIVES OF JESUS CHRIST BEING THE LAST SPEECHES AND TESTIMONIES OF THOSE WHO HAVE SUFFERED FOR THE TRUTH IN SCOTLAND SINCE . . . 1680. Here are Brown's dying words to his children: 'Adhere constantly, cordially and honestly to the Covenanted Principles of the Church of Scotland, and to that Testimony which hath been lifted up for them. I fear a generation is rising up which will endeavour silently,' (O how prophetic!), 'to let slip these matters, as if they were ashamed to hold them fast, or even to speak of them' (as with many "reformed" publishers and preachers today, who dare not touch the topics Brown deals with in this book -- RB). 'May the Lord forbid that any of you should ever enter into this confederacy against Jesus Christ and his cause! This from a dying father and minister, and a witness for Christ' (Signed) 'John Brown'."
    "Do you Have What it Takes?
    "If you have the courage to compare the original Reformed faith with that which is often promoted under its name today (and in many ways the old Reformed faith bears little resemblance to the 'new light' Reformers and innovators of our day), then this is an ideal book to obtain and study." -- Reg Barrow
    Following are three works related to THE ABSURDITY AND PERFIDY OF ALL AUTHORITATIVE TOLERATION OF GROSS HERESY, BLASPHEMY, IDOLATRY, POPERY, IN BRITAIN by John Brown of Wamphray.
    1. Barrow, Reg, Calvin, Covenanting, Close Communion and the Coming Reformation, 1996, a book review of ALEXANDER AND RUFUS . . . by John Anderson, 1862. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "Shows how Calvin practiced covenanting and close communion and how the biblical view of these ordinances is intended to purify the individual, church and nation. Refutes the Popish, Independent and paedocommunion heresies -- as well as all views of open communion (so common in our day). Also argues that Arminians, anti-paedobaptists, anti-regulativists, and all those who openly violate the law of God (and are unrepentant), should be barred from the Lord's table -- as a corrective measure ordained of God for their recovery. Also demonstrates that those that would not swear to uphold the Geneva Confession (or 'human constitution,' as it was agreeable to the Word of God), of 1536 in Calvin's day were to be excommunicated and exiled from Geneva. This is Reformation History Notes number two." -- Reg Barrow
    Calvin, Covenanting and Close Communion
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/CalvinCC.htm
    2. Price, Greg L., Terms of Communion: Covenants and Covenanting, a series of 7 audio cassettes [audio files]. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "Explains and defends the fourth term of communion, which is 'That public, social covenanting is an ordinance of God, obligatory on churches and nations under the New Testament; that the National Covenant and the Solemn League are an exemplification of this divine institution; and that these Deeds are of continued obligation upon the moral person; and in consistency with this, that the Renovation of these Covenants at Auchensaugh, Scotland, 1712 was agreeable to the word of God.' Includes the studies offered separately on the National Covenant (2 tapes), the Solemn League and Covenant (1 tape), the Auchensaugh Renovation (2 tapes), as well as two introductory lectures (only available in this set), on the biblical principles related to the ordinance of covenanting, the descending obligation of lawful covenants, objections against covenanting, etc. Roberts, in his REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM, catches the spirit of this tape set in the following question and answer:
    "Q. May we not indulge the hope, that, in the goodness of our covenant God, and by the promised outpouring of his Holy Spirit, 'the kingdoms of the world' at large, and the British empire in particular, will dedicate themselves to God in a covenant not to be forgotten -- animated by the example of our covenant fathers exhibited in these memorable deeds?
    "A. Yes. We have the most cheering grounds for this blessed hope; for it is written, that the nations at large in the spirit of devoted loyalty, shall cry -- 'Come and let us join ourselves to the Lord in a perpetual covenant that shall not be forgotten': and it cannot be well doubted, that the death-cry of the martyred Guthrie has been heard on high, and shall be verified -- 'The covenants, the covenants, shall yet be Scotland's (and the world's -- RB), reviving.' (p. 151)
    "A thoroughly amazing set of tapes -- among our best!" -- Publisher
    3. Cunningham, John (1819-1893), The Ordinance of Covenanting, 1843. A Christian classic. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #3, #27.
    "This book is considered by many as the classic work on covenanting. 'The theology of Covenanting is here unfolded with a richness of scriptural research and a maturity of intellectual strength which would have made the grey eye of Peden glisten with delight. The treatise is a valuable addition to that solid theological literature of which the Reformed Presbyterian Church has produced repeated and enduring specimens, and stamps Mr. Cunningham as a distinguished disciple of the thoughtful and scriptural school of Mason and the Symingtons.' (Presbyterian Review [1844] as cited by Johnston, Treasury of the Scottish Covenant)
    "The author himself notes that 'prayer and the offering of praise are universally admitted to be duties of religion. The Scriptures announce a place among these for the exercise of solemn Covenanting . . . What the word of God unfolds concerning it, is addressed to the most resolute consideration of all, and is capable of engaging the most extensive and prolonged investigation. And yet, though none have found this subject, like all God's judgements, else than a great deep, still in meditating upon it, the ignorant have been brought to true knowledge, and the wise have increased in wisdom. The secret of the Lord is with them that fear him; and he will shew them his covenant. (Psalm 25:14). Mutual federal engagements, concerning things religious and civil, whether entered into merely by simple promise, or confirmed by the solemn oath, have been made from the highest antiquity to the present. The hostility to some such engagements, and also the proud disregard for their obligation, which have been evinced by some in all ages, demand a most careful examination into their nature and design . . . Furnished with the key of Scripture, approaching the subject, we are enabled to open the mysteries in which ignorance and prejudice had shut it up; and equipped with the armour of light shooting forth its heavenly radiance, in safety to ourselves we assail the darkness thrown around it, and behold the instant flight of the spirits of error which that darkness contains. Standing alone in beauteous attractions descended from heaven upon it, this service beckons us to approach it, and engages to connect extensive good with a proper attention to its claims. The observance, under various phases, is described in Scripture as an undisputed and indisputable reality.'
    "In this book Cunningham exhaustively covers the subject of covenanting in over 400 pages. He deals with the manner, duty and nature of covenanting (including personal and social covenanting), the obligation covenanting confers, how covenanting is provided for in the everlasting covenant, how it is adapted to the moral constitution of man and how it is according to the purposes of God. Numerous Divine examples are cited from Scripture and covenanting is shown to be one of the great privileges of the Christian life.
    "An interesting chapter covers 'Covenanting Enforced By the Grant of Covenant Signs and Seals;' which touches on circumcision, baptism, the Sabbath, the Priesthood, the new heart and the person and work of the Lord Jesus Christ. Furthermore, this book demonstrates how God's approbation rested upon Covenanters in former ages, how covenanting is predicted in prophecy, how it is recommended by the practice of the New Testament Church and at what seasons it is appropriate. The appendices touch on the relationship of covenanting to immoral and unscriptural civil governments, the Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland, the British constitution and the apostasy of the Revolution settlement.
    "Additionally, Cunningham acknowledges that the true church is 'bound by the obligations of the Church of God is past times' and is still obligated to pay what it has vowed to the Lord in those magnificent attainments of the second Reformation (the epitome of these attainments being embodied in the Solemn League and Covenant and the Westminster Standards).
    "If you are interested in the ordinance of covenanting this is the most extensive treatment you will find in one book. It is a gold mine of Scriptural references and should be read at least once by everyone who calls upon the name of Christ." -- Publisher
    "David Steele dedicated this work [NOTES ON THE APOCALYPSE -- compiler], to John Cunningham, author of THE ORDINANCE OF COVENANTING." -- Publisher
    The Ordinance of Covenanting
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/6/29/ordinance-of-covenanting

    *Elliott, Paul M., Christianity and Neo-liberalism: The Spiritual Crisis in the Orthodox Presbyterian Church and Beyond, ISBN: 0940931680 9780940931688.
    "Paul M. Elliott, a former Ruling Elder in the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, carefully traces the origin of the spiritual crisis in the OPC and similar denominations to the pernicious teaching of Westminster Theological Seminary. That teaching is that God is unknowable, that Scripture is contradictory, and that salvation is by faith-plus-works. Elliott provides copious quotations from faculty members, from the Westminster Theological Journal, and from pastors in OPC congregations to document his analysis. This book is must reading for all Presbyterians.
    "Elliott's book is a massive documentation of Liberalism at Westminster Seminary (Philadelphia) and in the OPC on the doctrines of Scripture, God, salvation, and hermeneutics. Officers of the OPC should not even begin to think, 'We are the children of Machen,' for if they were, they would do the deeds of Machen." -- The Trinity Foundation
    " 'The Marks of Neo-liberalism' is taken from chapter 2 of . . . CHRISTIANITY AND NEO-LIBERALISM: THE SPIRITUAL CRISIS IN THE ORTHODOX PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH AND BEYOND.
    "In this chapter Mr. Elliot lists the marks of Neo-liberalism -- they are the principles of the Liberalism that Machen opposed -- and shows how the OPC displays those marks, even while claiming that 'there's no one here but us Reformed folks.'
    The Marks of Neo-liberalism, Paul M. Elliott
    http://www.trinityfoundation.org/journal.php?id=219
    "I would like to recommend Paul Elliot's new book, CHRISTIANITY AND NEO-LIBERALISM. This is a book that everyone who loves Jesus Christ, loves the truth, and loves the Gospel must read.
    "It is a riveting and horrifying story. Elliot explains in great detail how the enemies of the faith have been able to surreptitiously supplant the true Gospel with a clever fraud and, more importantly, how they were able to succeed in the OPC. The track Elliot outlines in the OPC is mirrored in many respects in the PCA as well. Further, the politics involved and how these enemies of Christ have positioned themselves in places of power and influence over the years and their success in neutralizing their opposition is a lesson all of us need to learn, but I'm afraid few of us have. The incredible gullibility and complacency of countless churchmen recounted in this book is frightening. The comparison to Machen's CHRISTIANITY AND LIBERALISM is more than fitting. I would argue Elliot's book is considerably better on a number of counts. His account of the Kinnaird affair alone is worth the price of the book. Yet, there is so much I haven't even considered, like the "hermeneutic of trust" which has supplanted the Reformed hermeneutic yin many circles is an eye-opener. This is simply an amazing book." -- Sean Gerety
    Contents:
    Part One: Liberalism and Neo-liberalism: A Little Leaven; The Marks of Neo-liberalism.
    Part Two: Historical Background: Those Who Ignore the Errors of History; Embracing the Principles of the Auburn Affirmation.
    Part Three: The Growth of Neo-liberalism: The Shepherd Controversy: Entry of Another Gospel; Richard Gaffin's New Perspective on Paul; The Kinnaird Case and Its Aftermath; The Hermeneutic of Trust: Prescription for Doctrinal Anarchy; How Did It Happen?
    Part Four: How Shall We Respond?: The Biblical Imperative.
    Appendices: The Auburn Affirmation; Kinnaird Memorandum; Proposed (Rejected) Overture to the 2004 OPC General Assembly; Scripture Index; Index.

    Ellul, Jacques (1912-1994), Anarchy and Christianity, ISBN: 0802804950 9780802804952.

    Kaplan, Robert, The Coming Anarchy: How Scarcity, Crime, Overpopulation, Tribalism, and Disease are Rapidly Destroying the Social Fabric of Our Planet, an article.
    "In 1994, Robert Kaplan wrote an article Now, twenty years later, with a few minor tweaks, he's saying, "See I told you so!"

    *Singer, C. Gregg (1910-1999), From Rationalism to Irrationality: The Decline of the Western Mind From the Renaissance to the Present, ISBN: 0875524281 9780875524283 and a reprint of the P&R Publishing edition of 1979 (Wipf and Stock, 2006), 479 pp.
    "Now, frankly students, this course is presented from obviously the Reformed Theology. I hold unabashedly, unashamedly to the whole of Reformed Theology as we find it specifically in the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) and the Larger and Shorter Catechisms.
    "At the same time I hold to a position in regard to Apologetics generally known as Presuppositionalism, and particularly that view held by Cornelius Van Til.
    "This book is an attempt to enlarge and to broaden the scope of Van Til's own Apologetical system, and also his Epistemology. By that I mean, and I worked this book with him, so anything that I say is not to be construed as a criticism of Cornelius Van Til. I might add he wrote me a letter. He is delighted with this book. But what I did was to take his principles, both of Apologetics and of Epistemology, and apply them to all realms of modern thought.
    "Dr. Van Til, for good and sufficient reason, sought to limit to the main stream of what we might call pure Philosophy, that is from Saint Thomas, well even before them, back to the Greeks, but particularly in the more modern period, from Saint Thomas Aquinas, William of Ockham (Occam), down through Descartes, the Rationalists, the Empiricists, down to Kant and Hegel, and of course Modern Philosophy and Modern Theology. Very seldom has he gone into what we might call the arena of Political Philosophy, or the arena of Social Thought, or the arena of Psychology and Psychiatry, the realm of Educational Philosophy, and into Art, Music, and so on, to the Fine Arts.
    "This book is an attempt to apply his system, and show what happens when the Western mind has forsaken his principles, or the principles which he has espoused, and turned into its own way. And thus the book called FROM RATIONALISM TO IRRATIONALITY. The thesis being that the Rationalism inherent in Saint Thomas and the post-Thomists, and more particularly, and more openly, in the Philosophy of the Renaissance, and Descartes, and Spinosa, and Leibniz has, as it's gained momentum in the modern world, brought Western Culture to its knees. We are living, as I would think, in the death throws of the Western Cultures, the Western Civilization." -- Dr. C. Gregg Singer, in the introductory address to his course in Apologetics soon after FROM RATIONALISM TO IRRATIONALITY came off the press in 1979
    Apologetics: #01: Classical and Medieval Thought #1
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Apologetics, 56 min.
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=2250511453
    "Locke endeavored to set forth a political philosophy which would anchor his democratic political thought on what he felt were the firm foundations of his empiricism. However, his insistence that nature has bestowed upon mankind certain basic and inalienable rights was an assumption quite contrary to his empiricism. His denial of conscience as an innate possession or quality makes it impossible for men to know that they possess the rights of life, liberty, and property. The very concept of a human right is moral in nature and has its basis of authority in the human conscience. It is thus impossible for men to know through the senses that they have these cherished human rights. Granted that it was far from Locke's intention to undermine or destroy the traditional English concept of personal rights, his empiricism removed from his political thought the necessary foundations on which a government could be built for the protection of these rights. His empiricism supported neither the idea that men have such rights nor that they are inalienable. (p. 61)
    "Underlying the secular and naturalistic assumptions of the thought of the Enlightenment was a related and equally serious problem. In their political and economic thought the leaders of this era were passionately devoted to the pursuit of freedom, and yet they seemed to be completely unaware of this incompatibility between their quest for freedom on the one hand and their reliance upon natural law on the other. How can an impersonal and deterministic concept of law produce and sustain a meaningful concept of freedom? Blindly convinced that there was no problem involved in the contradiction, the leaders of the Enlightenment pushed boldly ahead in the quest for political and economic liberty. However, their failure to recognize the issues involved in this quest led not only to the disaster of the French Revolution but to the growth of the totalitarian political and economic philosophies which first appeared in Hegel and Marx during the nineteenth century and reached their culmination in the totalitarianism of the twentieth century." (p. 73) -- quoted at the blog, Imago Veritatis: Post-modern Reformed Paleo-orthodoxy
    Singer used this as textbook for his course in Apologetics. Epistemology is a recurring theme throughout the textbook and the course. The series of 24 addresses on Apologetics is available free online. See "Apologetics" under:
    Works of C. Gregg Singer
    http://www.lettermen2.com/bcrr3ch.html#cgsinger

    See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), Justice, the theology of judgment, god's final judgment, the great white throne judgment, the day of the lord, Christ our example, The commandments of christ, The teaching of our lord jesus christ, The mediatorial reign of christ: the crown rights of christ, Christ's kingdom, Duties of the christian, Spiritual adultery (spiritual whoredom/harlotry), Idolatry, syncretism, and so forth and so on.
    TCRB5: 2551

    Related WebLinks

    Martin, Walter, Authority or Anarchy: Crisis in the American Family, an audio cassette [audio file], (San Juan Capistrano, CA: Christian Research Institute International).
    "Dr. Martin analyses the underlying problem within the structure of the American family, giving clear guidelines for husbands and wives, parents, and children."



    Tyranny

    The prince that wanteth understanding is also a great oppressor: but he that hateth covetousness shall prolong his days. (Proverbs 28:16). See the annotation in The Reformation Study Bible.

    Q. What kind of submission may be rendered to immoral and tyrannical governments, the ordinance of Satan, such as now exist?
    A. Christians, in the exercise of their Christian liberty, and in the performance of the duty of proving all things, and holding fast what is good, can submit to such governments for wrath's sake, ONLY, which kind of submission has no respect to the power as legitimate authority, but simply, from dread of the cruelty of the tyrant, who pours forth his fury upon all who oppose his misrule. To God's moral ordinance as described, is allegiance due for conscience sake. Submission to this, is submission to God.
    Q. When Christians reside under an immoral government, is not conformity to the general order of society a duty, provided this can be done without violating the divine law?
    A. If the constituted authorities of a nation are not in voluntary subserviency to the Mediator, but opposed to his authority, law, and religion, for the sake of peace and order, and for the sake of contributing as much as possible to the ease and happiness of society, and from a spirit of resignation to the Divine providence, and in order to make legitimate provision for themselves and relatives, so much conformity to the prevailing system as is consistent with their oath of allegiance to Messiah, is a duty conscientiously to be practiced, although very distinct from that obedience for conscience sake which they would render to the government of their choice, to the authority which has the sanction of the Divine approbation. Jer. xxix. 4-7 [Jeremiah 29:4-7], Seek the peace of the city whither I have caused you to be carried away captives, and pray unto the Lord for it: for in the peace thereof shall ye have peace.
    Q. Whilst it is the duty of Christians thus to live a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty, in conformity to the laws of Christ, which are everywhere, and at all times, obligatory upon them -- is it not their duty publicly to declare their dissent from an immoral constitution of civil government, within the reach of whose power they may reside?
    A. This is, indeed, their duty. Because, 1. They are bound to defend God's moral ordinance of civil government, in the purity of which, God's own honor as the Governor of the nations, is deeply involved, Rev. ii. 25,26 [Revelation 2:25,26]. That which you have already hold fast till I come; and he that overcometh -- and keepeth my works unto the end -- to him will I give power in the nations, &c. Isa. viii. 16 [Isaiah 8:16], Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples. 2. The purity of this holy ordinance cannot be preserved, if it is confounded with the existing immoral systems, and by an indiscriminate exercise of allegiance. 3. Christians are witnesses for God among men; and having in their possession the testimony of God, in the Holy Scriptures, respecting the true character of civil government, and the duty of national subjection to Christ and his law, and respect for his holy religion, it is their duty to apply the doctrines of inspiration upon this subject, in stating and defending the truth, and condemning the existing immoral systems, and in bearing public testimony against all who uphold them. Isa. xliii. 10 [Isaiah 43:10], Ye are my witnesses, saith the Lord. Rev. xi. 3 [Revelation 11:3], I will give power to my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and three score days, clothed in sackcloth; xii. 17 [Revelation 12:17], And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ. See also Rev. xvii. 14 [Revelation 17:14], Acts v. 32 [Acts 5:32], xxvi. 16 [Acts 26:16], Micah iv. 8-18 [Micah 4:8-18], Mark vi. 11 [Mark 6:11]. 4. The witnesses in Revelation are raised up not only to testify against the ecclesiastical apostasy, The scarlet woman, or Roman church -- and the image of the beast, -- the Papacy -- but also against the seven-headed and ten-horned beast -- or the civil powers -- upon which the woman rides. The nations which sustain Antichrist, and are equally, with the man of sin, Anti-christian, and are at war with the Lamb. See passages last quoted, together with Rev. xiii. 1, 2 [Revelation 13:1,2], xvii. 3-14 [Revelation 17:3-14], and xii. 11 [Revelation 12:11], And they overcame him (the devil embodied in the Roman church papacy, and civil powers), by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony; xvii. 14 [Revelation 17:14], These, (the civil powers), shall make war with the Lamb-and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.
    Q. Are not virtuous persons, who, in their private capacity, are endeavoring to further the true end of civil government -- the maintenance of peace and quietness in all godliness and honesty, although they dissent from the constitution of civil government of the nation in which they reside, entitled to protection?
    A. They certainly are entitled to protection in their lives, liberties, and property; "but they are not to act inconsistently with their declared dissent, and it would be tyranny to constrain them to such measures." Exod. xxii. 21 [Exodus 22:21], Thou shalt neither vex a stranger nor oppress him. See also Rom. xiii. 3 [Romans 13:3], 1 Tim. ii. 2 [1 Timothy 2:2], Jer. xxi. 12 [Jeremiah 21:12], Esther iii. 8, 9 [Esther 3:8,9].
    Q. Should not "Christians, testifying against national evils, and striving, in the use of moral means, to effect a reformation, relinquish temporal privileges, rather than do any thing which may appear to contradict their testimony, or lay a stumbling-block before their weaker brethren?"
    A. This is unquestionably their duty. Because they cannot convince men of their own sincerity, and of the immorality of a principle or practice, whilst they themselves are found actually maintaining the immoral principle or practice (by oath of allegiance, voting, and holding offices, &c.), and enjoying the emoluments of iniquity decreed by law. Heb. xi. 24, 26, 36 [Hebrews 11:24,26,36], By faith, Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter. Esteeming the reproach of Christ to be greater riches than the treasures in Egypt. And others had trials of cruel mockings and scourgings, yea, moreover, of bonds and imprisonments. Numb. xxiii. 9 [Numbers 23:9], Lo, the people shall dwell alone, and shall not be reckoned among the nations. Rom. xiv. 21 [Romans 14:21], It is good neither to eat flesh, nor drink wine, nor anything whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended.
    Q. Will not such a public dissent from immoral governments, and faithful testimony against them, ultimately prevail to their overthrow?
    A. Yes. By these means the witnesses will prevail, however much they may suffer in the meantime, and will be the honored instruments of establishing the millennial kingdom of the Lamb. Rev. xii. 11 [Revelation 12:11], And they overcame him, by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death. Dan. vii. 22 [Daniel 7:22], The Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the Most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom. Rev. xx. 4 [Revelation 20:4], And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them; and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast (the civil powers), neither his image (the Papacy), neither had received his mark (yielded allegiance), upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years." -- William L. Roberts, The Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, pp. 130-133

    Personally I find it helpful to begin each day by silently committing that day into God's hands. I thank Him that I belong to Him, and I thank Him that He knows what the day holds for me. I ask Him to take my life that day and use it for His glory. I ask Him to cleanse me from anything which would hinder His work in my life. And then I step out in faith, knowing that His Holy Spirit is filling me continually as I trust in Him and obey His Word. . ." -- Billy Graham, from The Holy Spirit: Activating God's Power in Your Life

    Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengence is mine; I will repay, sayeth the Lord. (Romans 12:19)

    And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD rebuke thee, O Satan; even the LORD that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire? (Zechariah 3:2)
    The correct response then, to those who provoke us to anger by their brazen, arrogant, impudent, wicked acts, is to immediately remember that the Lord will deal with them (Jude 9, Nahum [God governs all of history according to his covenant], Jude, Calvin's commentary on Isaiah 33 and 34, and so forth and so on), and we must not be overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good. (Romans 12:19-21)

    Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said The Lord rebuke thee. (Jude 9)

    Bless them which persecute you: bless, and curse not.
    Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.
    Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head.
    Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.
    (Romans 12:14,19-21)

    *Achbar, Mark, and Jennifer Abbott (directors), The Corporation (2004), a DVD encoded Region 1 (U.S. and Canada only), Zeitgeist Video DVD; April 5, 2005. Run Time: 145.
    "This is an extraordinary film about the creation of the American corporation, its legal organizational model, its global economic dominance and its psychopathic tendencies, and its incredible ambition to influence every aspect of culture in its unrelenting pursuit of profit.
    "The Corporation" was spawned from Joel Bakan's in depth book, THE CORPORATION: A PATHOLOGICAL PURSUIT OF PROFIT AND POWER (See annotation above). The film and book begins in the 18th century, in the establishment of the 14th Amendment. Initially the 14th Amendment was designed after the Civil War to give ex-slaves' legal rights, like any other citizen of the United States, but through a maze of legal precedents, the business corporation organization model was now deemed a 'legal person' with all the civil rights accorded to a citizen. This highly absurd precedent has paved the way for corporations to literally get away with murder, because a 'corporation' is not an individual that you can put in jail. In effect, a corporation has no moral or social obligations; their only obligation is the pursuit of profit. This film offers numerous examples of unethical practices resulting in death for many people, and because of their [corporations] status under the 14th Amendment, and endless legal loopholes, [they] have gotten away with terrible crimes against humanity and the environment with no more than a fine, a mere slap on the wrist.
    "As the law treats corporations as 'persons,' Bakan thought it appropriate to put the various behaviors of these companies under psychological examination. What this psychological study illustrated is that corporations, as 'persons' behave and display the symptoms of the clinical psychopath. A psychopath typically does not have a social conscience, is guilt free after committing heinous acts, and will destroy anything or anybody that prevents them from attaining the object of their particular obsession -- in this case, the relentless pursuit of profit.
    "This documentary took several years to produce with over 650 hours of footage directors, Jennifer Abbot and Mark Achbar, had to chisel down this amazing amount of material into a comprehensible film. What is most astounding is the range of people interviewed for this film, that argue from all sides of the 'corporation issue:' Ira Jackson, Ray Anderson -- CEO of Interface, the world's largest carpet manufacturer; Noam Chomsky, Richard Grossman, Howard Zinn, Michael Moore, Milton Freidman, Noble Prize winning economist; Jeremy Rifkin, President, Foundation of Economic Trends; Dr. Robert Hare, Consultant to the FBI on psychopaths, and many more individuals from all sides of the debate.
    "When Bakan wrote his book and then collaborated with Mark Achbar to produce this film, what they did not want was the film to appear as just some left-wing diatribe, attacking the corporations, but to illustrate to people how the corporation began, how they have evolved and what they could well turn into if the people do not become involved in the democratic process, ensuring our governments take back the reigns of power.
    "After viewing this film, it becomes all too evident that these large corporations have too much power, whose mandate is not the common good of the people, and who will go to any lengths, legally and otherwise, in the pursuit of profit and the bottom line.
    "I believe this is one of the best and most important documentary films to be made in many years. This work is an "exposé of legal tyranny." -- C. Middleton
    "An epic in length and breadth, this documentary aims at nothing less than a full-scale portrait of the most dominant institution on the planet Earth in our lifetime -- a phenomenon all the more remarkable, if not downright frightening, when you consider that the corporation as we know it has been around for only about 150 years. It used to be that corporations were, by definition, short-lived and finite in agenda. If a town needed a bridge built, a corporation was set up to finance and complete the project; when the bridge was an accomplished fact, the corporation ceased to be. Then came the 19th-century robber barons, and the courts were prevailed upon to define corporations not as get-the-job-done mechanisms but as persons under the 14th Amendment with full civil rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness (i.e., power and profit) -- ad infinitum.
    "The Corporation defines this endlessly mutating life-form in exhaustive detail, measuring the many ways it has not only come to dominate but to deform our reality. The movie [Mark Achbar and Jennifer Abbott], performs a running psychoanalysis of this entity with the characteristics of a prototypical psychopath: a callous unconcern for the feelings and safety of others, an incapacity to experience guilt, an ingrained habit of lying for profit, etc. We are swept away on a demented odyssey through an altered cosmos, in which artificial chemicals are created for profit and incidentally contribute to a cancer epidemic; in which the folks who brought us Agent Orange devise a milk-increasing drug for a world in which there is already a glut of milk; in which an American computer company leased its systems to the Nazis -- and serviced them on a monthly basis -- so that the Holocaust could go forward as an orderly process. . . ." -- Richard T. Jameson
    The Corporation
    Website for the documentary movie and DVD, "The Corporation."
    http://www.thecorporation.com/
    Listmania! Corporate Scandal: In the News by Brooke Gilbert, Sr. Editor, Amazon.com
    http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/listmania/list-browse/-/3LSHC84Q2AGIS/ref=cm_lm_detail_ctr_full_2/002-5306146-9018420

    Bovard, James, Terrorism and Tyranny: Trampling Freedom, Justice, and Peace to rid the World of Evil, ISBN: 1403963681 9781403963680 1403966826 9781403966827,
    "Journalist Bovard, who has written for the Wall Street Journal and the American Spectator, among others, looks at the post-September 11 policies and actions of the government and finds them sorely lacking. (He also has a lot to say about how the government let the terrorist attacks happen in the first place). Instead of fighting the terrorist menace, he argues, the Bush administration's cosmetic gestures reward incompetence and establish dangerous legal precedents. While dealing with civil rights issues (the Patriot Act 'treats every citizen like a suspected terrorist'), the book casts a wider net, including the intertwining of the wars on drugs and terrorism and the continued bungling of flight security (additional guards at airports 'did little more than take up space and consume oxygen'). Meticulously documented from contemporary news accounts, this rant against Bush's 'aura of righteousness' may well leave readers as angry as its author." -- Publishers Weekly

    *Brown, John (of Haddington, 1722-1787), The Absurdity and Perfidy of All Authoritative Toleration of Gross Heresy, Blasphemy, Idolatry, Popery, in Britain. In two letters to a friend in which the doctrine of the Westminster Confession of Faith [1646] relative to Toleration of a False Religion, and the power of the civil magistrate about sacred matters; and the nature, origin, ends and obligation of the National Covenant and Solemn League are candidly represented and defended, 1797. Alternate title: A COMPEND OF THE LETTERS OF THE REV. JOHN BROWN, LATE MINISTER OF THE GOSPEL IN HADDINGTON: ON AUTHORITATIVE TOLERATION OF GROSS HERESY, BLASPHEMY, IDOLATRY, POPERY IN BRITAIN, AND ON NATIONAL COVENANTING; IN WHICH THE DOCTRINE OF THE WESTMINSTER CONFESSION OF FAITH . . . AND OF THE NATIONAL COVENANT AND SOLEMN LEAGUE ARE CANDIDLY REPRESENTED AND DEFENDED, 1797, and "REFORMATION ATTAINMENTS VERSUS BACKSLIDING RELIGIOUS PROFESSORS," appears to be an excerpt. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #7, #25, #26.
    Brown, John (of Haddington, 1722-1787), The Absurdity and Perfidy of all Authoritative Toleration of Gross Heresy, Blasphemy, Idolatry, Popery, in Britain
    http://archive.org/details/absurdityperfidy00brow
    "Reformation Attainments Versus Backsliding Religious Professors (excerpt from THE ABSURDITY AND PERFIDY OF ALL AUTHORITATIVE TOLERATION . . .
    "Here Brown deals with three major Reformation attainments (anti-tolerationism, establishmentarianism and the obligations of lawful covenants as they biblically bind posterity), that Satan has always been especially concerned to overthrow -- in every major demonic move to open the floodgates of lawlessness, anarchy and misrule. Fletcher, in the preface to the 1797 edition, relates this truth as it comes to bear on various religious professors, stating, 'Papists were enemies to our covenants because they were a standard lifted up against their system of abominable idolatries. Episcopalians were enemies to them, because they were a standard lifted up against their anti-scriptural church-officers and inventions of men in the worship of God. Some Presbyterians are enemies to them in our day through ignorance of their nature and ends; and others through fear of being too strictly bound to their duty.' (cited in Johnston, Treasury of the Scottish Covenant, p. 486)
    "A History of Heresy
    "It is also interesting to note the long list of backsliders and heretics that often oppose one or more of these points. 'The ancient Donatists, a sect of Arian separatists, who appeared about the beginning of the 4th Century, seem to have been among the first who held out these opinions to the Christian world. Feeling the weight of the arm of power for their schismatical practices, by way of reprisal, they stripped the magistrate of all power in religion; -- maintaining that he had no more power about religious matters than any private person, and refusing him the right of suppressing the propagators of doctrines different from those professed by the Church, or the observers of a different form of worship. From them the German Anabaptists adopted the same views. Then the Socinians (i.e. an early form of Scripture-denying liberals -- RB), and remonstrant Arminians, whenever the magistrate ceased to patronize their cause. The English Independents during the time of the Long Parliament were the zealous supporters of the same opinions. In their rage for liberty of conscience, they formed the strongest opposition in the Westminster Assembly which the Presbyterians had to encounter. Through their influence that venerable body was much embarrassed (hindered -- RB), in their proceeding; and by their means (in collusion with that "Judas of the Covenant," Cromwell -- RB), certain passages of the Confession of Faith never obtained the ratification of the English Parliament. The English Dissenters of the present age are generally in the same views, especially the Socinians, the Arians, and the Quakers, who have most to dread from the Laws of the Land against their blasphemies. And who knows not that the high reputation of Mr. Locke as a Philosopher . . . has given these opinions such an air of respectability, that many youth in the Universities have been thereby inclined to embrace them?' (Preface, pp. vi-vii).
    "The Covenantal Hammer Smashing the Idols of our day
    "In our day the tree of toleration (and the anti-Scriptural principles which logically grow out of it), has spread its branches in ways that could have never been envisioned by those that took the first steps away from biblical and covenanted uniformity. What Brown is fighting against here is an error so foundational that when left unchecked it permeates all of society, cutting out the foundational roots that are necessary for all national Reformations. And if the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do? (Ps. 11:3 [Psalm 11:3]). Furthermore, as the preface notes 'liberty of conscience and of opinion' are 'the great idols of the day.' Here Brown takes out his covenantal hammer and smashes these idols with an iconoclastic zeal worthy of our earlier Reformed forefathers. This book is especially useful in answering the persistent fear and questions that always arise when these old Reformed views are discussed: that is, the questions dealing with religious persecution. Brown spends much time in clearing the Westminster Divines of such false charges, while also setting these controversial Reformed teachings on a thoroughly biblical foundation.
    "Westminster's View of the 'Everlasting' Solemn League and Covenant
    "Interestingly, in the section defending the continuing obligation of the National and Solemn League and Covenant, we also note that the Westminster Assembly considered the Solemn League and Covenant an 'everlasting covenant.' Brown cites the following as proof, 'That the body of the English nation also swore the Solemn League and Covenant, is manifest. The Westminster Assembly and English Parliament, affirm, 'The honourable house of Parliament, the Assembly of Divines, the renowned city of London, and multitudes of other persons of all ranks and quality in this nation, and the whole body of Scotland, have all sworn it, rejoicing at the oath so graciously seconded from heaven. God will, doubtless, stand by all those, who with singleness of heart shall now enter into an everlasting covenant with the Lord.' (p. 161, emphasis added). The footnote tells us that the words Brown was quoting were taken from 'Exhortation to take the Covenant, February, 1644.'
    "Our Modern Day Malignants
    "Brown also includes a helpful section on a point some modern day malignants are once again attempting to use to overthrow the biblical attainments of the Covenanted Reformation. This section shows that the '(t)he intrinsic obligation of promises, oaths, vows, and covenants which constitutes their very essence or essential form, is totally and manifestly distinct from the obligation of the law of God in many respects.' (p. 120, emphasis added)
    "Brown's Dying Testimony to his Children
    "Finally, we cite a portion of Brown's dying testimony to his children given in the introduction (p. xix). Such testimonies, from notable Christian leaders, often contain singularly pertinent charges to their hearers. (For another notable example of this see James Renwick's dying testimony, as he was about to be martyred for his adherence to the Solemn League and Covenant, when he recounts what was later to become most of the terms of communion in Covenanted Presbyterian churches. This testimony can be found in Thompson's A CLOUD OF WITNESSES FOR THE ROYAL PREROGATIVES OF JESUS CHRIST BEING THE LAST SPEECHES AND TESTIMONIES OF THOSE WHO HAVE SUFFERED FOR THE TRUTH IN SCOTLAND SINCE . . . 1680. Here are Brown's dying words to his children: 'Adhere constantly, cordially and honestly to the Covenanted Principles of the Church of Scotland, and to that Testimony which hath been lifted up for them. I fear a generation is rising up which will endeavour silently,' (O how prophetic!), 'to let slip these matters, as if they were ashamed to hold them fast, or even to speak of them' (as with many "reformed" publishers and preachers today, who dare not touch the topics Brown deals with in this book -- RB). 'May the Lord forbid that any of you should ever enter into this confederacy against Jesus Christ and his cause! This from a dying father and minister, and a witness for Christ' (Signed) 'John Brown'."
    "Do you Have What it Takes?
    "If you have the courage to compare the original Reformed faith with that which is often promoted under its name today (and in many ways the old Reformed faith bears little resemblance to the 'new light' Reformers and innovators of our day), then this is an ideal book to obtain and study." -- Reg Barrow
    Following are three works related to THE ABSURDITY AND PERFIDY OF ALL AUTHORITATIVE TOLERATION OF GROSS HERESY, BLASPHEMY, IDOLATRY, POPERY, IN BRITAIN by John Brown of Wamphray.
    1. Barrow, Reg, Calvin, Covenanting, Close Communion and the Coming Reformation, 1996, a book review of ALEXANDER AND RUFUS . . . by John Anderson, 1862. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "Shows how Calvin practiced covenanting and close communion and how the biblical view of these ordinances is intended to purify the individual, church and nation. Refutes the Popish, Independent and paedocommunion heresies -- as well as all views of open communion (so common in our day). Also argues that Arminians, anti-paedobaptists, anti-regulativists, and all those who openly violate the law of God (and are unrepentant), should be barred from the Lord's table -- as a corrective measure ordained of God for their recovery. Also demonstrates that those that would not swear to uphold the Geneva Confession (or 'human constitution,' as it was agreeable to the Word of God), of 1536 in Calvin's day were to be excommunicated and exiled from Geneva. This is Reformation History Notes number two." -- Reg Barrow
    Calvin, Covenanting and Close Communion
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/CalvinCC.htm
    2. Price, Greg L., Terms of Communion: Covenants and Covenanting, a series of 7 audio cassettes [audio files]. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "Explains and defends the fourth term of communion, which is 'That public, social covenanting is an ordinance of God, obligatory on churches and nations under the New Testament; that the National Covenant and the Solemn League are an exemplification of this divine institution; and that these Deeds are of continued obligation upon the moral person; and in consistency with this, that the Renovation of these Covenants at Auchensaugh, Scotland, 1712 was agreeable to the word of God.' Includes the studies offered separately on the National Covenant (2 tapes), the Solemn League and Covenant (1 tape), the Auchensaugh Renovation (2 tapes), as well as two introductory lectures (only available in this set), on the biblical principles related to the ordinance of covenanting, the descending obligation of lawful covenants, objections against covenanting, etc. Roberts, in his REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM, catches the spirit of this tape set in the following question and answer:
    "Q. May we not indulge the hope, that, in the goodness of our covenant God, and by the promised outpouring of his Holy Spirit, 'the kingdoms of the world' at large, and the British empire in particular, will dedicate themselves to God in a covenant not to be forgotten -- animated by the example of our covenant fathers exhibited in these memorable deeds?
    "A. Yes. We have the most cheering grounds for this blessed hope; for it is written, that the nations at large in the spirit of devoted loyalty, shall cry -- 'Come and let us join ourselves to the Lord in a perpetual covenant that shall not be forgotten': and it cannot be well doubted, that the death-cry of the martyred Guthrie has been heard on high, and shall be verified -- 'The covenants, the covenants, shall yet be Scotland's (and the world's -- RB), reviving.' (p. 151)
    "A thoroughly amazing set of tapes -- among our best!" -- Publisher
    3. Cunningham, John (1819-1893), The Ordinance of Covenanting, 1843. A Christian classic. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #3, #27.
    "This book is considered by many as the classic work on covenanting. 'The theology of Covenanting is here unfolded with a richness of scriptural research and a maturity of intellectual strength which would have made the grey eye of Peden glisten with delight. The treatise is a valuable addition to that solid theological literature of which the Reformed Presbyterian Church has produced repeated and enduring specimens, and stamps Mr. Cunningham as a distinguished disciple of the thoughtful and scriptural school of Mason and the Symingtons.' (Presbyterian Review [1844] as cited by Johnston, Treasury of the Scottish Covenant)
    "The author himself notes that 'prayer and the offering of praise are universally admitted to be duties of religion. The Scriptures announce a place among these for the exercise of solemn Covenanting . . . What the word of God unfolds concerning it, is addressed to the most resolute consideration of all, and is capable of engaging the most extensive and prolonged investigation. And yet, though none have found this subject, like all God's judgements, else than a great deep, still in meditating upon it, the ignorant have been brought to true knowledge, and the wise have increased in wisdom. The secret of the Lord is with them that fear him; and he will shew them his covenant. (Psalm 25:14). Mutual federal engagements, concerning things religious and civil, whether entered into merely by simple promise, or confirmed by the solemn oath, have been made from the highest antiquity to the present. The hostility to some such engagements, and also the proud disregard for their obligation, which have been evinced by some in all ages, demand a most careful examination into their nature and design . . . Furnished with the key of Scripture, approaching the subject, we are enabled to open the mysteries in which ignorance and prejudice had shut it up; and equipped with the armour of light shooting forth its heavenly radiance, in safety to ourselves we assail the darkness thrown around it, and behold the instant flight of the spirits of error which that darkness contains. Standing alone in beauteous attractions descended from heaven upon it, this service beckons us to approach it, and engages to connect extensive good with a proper attention to its claims. The observance, under various phases, is described in Scripture as an undisputed and indisputable reality.'
    "In this book Cunningham exhaustively covers the subject of covenanting in over 400 pages. He deals with the manner, duty and nature of covenanting (including personal and social covenanting), the obligation covenanting confers, how covenanting is provided for in the everlasting covenant, how it is adapted to the moral constitution of man and how it is according to the purposes of God. Numerous Divine examples are cited from Scripture and covenanting is shown to be one of the great privileges of the Christian life.
    "An interesting chapter covers 'Covenanting Enforced By the Grant of Covenant Signs and Seals;' which touches on circumcision, baptism, the Sabbath, the Priesthood, the new heart and the person and work of the Lord Jesus Christ. Furthermore, this book demonstrates how God's approbation rested upon Covenanters in former ages, how covenanting is predicted in prophecy, how it is recommended by the practice of the New Testament Church and at what seasons it is appropriate. The appendices touch on the relationship of covenanting to immoral and unscriptural civil governments, the Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland, the British constitution and the apostasy of the Revolution settlement.
    "Additionally, Cunningham acknowledges that the true church is 'bound by the obligations of the Church of God is past times' and is still obligated to pay what it has vowed to the Lord in those magnificent attainments of the second Reformation (the epitome of these attainments being embodied in the Solemn League and Covenant and the Westminster Standards).
    "If you are interested in the ordinance of covenanting this is the most extensive treatment you will find in one book. It is a gold mine of Scriptural references and should be read at least once by everyone who calls upon the name of Christ." -- Publisher
    "David Steele dedicated this work [NOTES ON THE APOCALYPSE -- compiler], to John Cunningham, author of THE ORDINANCE OF COVENANTING." -- Publisher
    The Ordinance of Covenanting
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/6/29/ordinance-of-covenanting

    Courtois, Stéphane (author), Nicolas Werth (author), Jean-Louis Panné (author), Andrzej Paczkowski (author), Karel Bartosek (author), Jean-Louis Margolin (author), Mark Kramer (editor), Jonathan Murphy (translator), The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression, ISBN: 0674076087 9780674076082.
    "Already famous throughout Europe, this international bestseller plumbs recently opened archives in the former Soviet bloc to reveal the actual, practical accomplishments of Communism around the world: terror, torture, famine, mass deportations, and massacres. Astonishing in the sheer detail it amasses, the book is the first comprehensive attempt to catalogue and analyze the crimes of Communism over seventy years.
    " 'Revolutions, like trees, must be judged by their fruit,' Ignazio Silone wrote, and this is the standard the authors apply to the Communist experience." -- Publisher

    Estes, Ralph W., Tyranny of the Bottom Line: Why Corporations Make Good People do Bad Things, ISBN: 1881052753 9781881052753.
    "TYRANNY OF THE BOTTOM LINE tells how the corporate system, originally created to serve the public interest, has acquired immense power over the public. Largely unconstrained by a captive regulatory bureaucracy, corporations today exercise a silent dominance over much of our society. This dominion can produce substantial good, but can also bring injury and death to employees, financial and personal loss to customers, desolation to communities, poisonous pollution and hazardous waste to the nation.
    "In TYRANNY OF THE BOTTOM LINE, Ralph Estes tells the story of corporate power gone awry: permanent layoffs affecting millions of people while CEO salaries go through the roof; toxic waste poisoning the land, water, and air; unhealthy and dangerous products on the market; injury and death on the job; white-collar hustles in the S&Ls and on Wall Street that ultimately cost us all.
    "Emphasizing the notion that all of us are stakeholders in the large corporation-with an investment, an interest in its performance, and a right to accountability -- Ralph Estes offers proposals for creating more effective and humane companies, restoring the original public purpose of the corporate system, and allowing managers to make choices that effectively and ethically balance the interests of everyone. Estes lays out a practical, specific plan for the development of a new, fair score-keeping system that shows the effects of a corporation's actions on all its stakeholders, not merely its stockholders, and then tells managers that they will be responsible for these effects.
    "Based on the author's many years of research and experience, TYRANNY OF THE BOTTOM LINE lays out this prescription in an effective and workable program that can make corporations safer and more rewarding for all of us, and more enjoyable, more honorable, for the people who run them. -- Midwest Book Review

    *Foxe, John, (1516-1587), and Thomas Freeman (prefatory material), John Foxe's Book of Martyrs. Actes and Monuments of Matters Most Speciall and Memorable (unabridged). Alternate title: THE UNABRIDGED ACTS AND MONUMENTS ONLINE or TAMO (HRI Online Publications, Sheffield, 2011). Available from: http://www.johnfoxe.org. Implemented by the Humanities Research Institute, University of Sheffield, England, and published by HRI Online Publications, Sheffield, 2011, Version 2.0, ISBN: 9780954260864. A Christian classic.
    "You can browse and compare the unabridged texts of the four editions of this massive work published in John Foxe's lifetime (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). Each edition changed significantly as Foxe sought to incorporate new material, answer his critics, and adjust its polemical force to the needs of the moment. . . .
    "TAMO is both an instrument of scholarship and a tool for anyone who wants to explore this remarkable work, a milestone in the history of the English printed book and a signal achievement of its printer, John Day."
    Foxe, John, (1516-1587), John Foxe's Book of Martyrs. Actes and Monuments of Matters Most Special and Memorable, ISBN: 0197262252 9780197262252.
    "This CD-ROM combines readable and printable images of 2,200 pages of text and woodcut engravings from the 1583 edition, the last for which Foxe was personally responsible."
    Other editions: Acts and Monuments or Foxe's Book of Martyrs, 1554, 1843-49 edition, 8 volumes. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    " 'No book ever inflicted a wound so deep and incurable on the Romish system of superstition and bloody persecution . . . it was placed in . . . all churches and chapels throughout the kingdom, by order of Queen Elizabeth.' (Smith, Select Memoirs, p. 245). Contains much information not found in any of the liberally edited and severely shortened editions of this classic work which are in print today. Covering martyrs from the early church through to Foxe's day, it was one of the most influential books of the sixteenth century! It overflows with faith building testimony of the power of God to overcome the most cruel and barbarous acts of human depravity and demonic cruelty. 6890 pages. A very rare set, now back in print after 150 years!" -- Publisher
    "After the Bible itself, no book so profoundly influenced early Protestant sentiment as the BOOK OF MARTYRS. Even in our time it is still a living force. It is more than a record of persecution. It is an arsenal of controversy, a storehouse of romance, as well as a source of edification." -- James Miller Dodds, English Prose
    "When one recollects that until the appearance of the PILGRIM'S PROGRESS the common people had almost no other reading matter except the BIBLE and FOX'S BOOK OF MARTYRS, we can understand the deep impression that this book produced; and how it served to mold the national character. Those who could read for themselves learned the full details of all the atrocities performed on the Protestant reformers; the illiterate could see the rude illustrations of the various instruments of torture, the rack, the gridiron, the boiling oil, and then the holy ones breathing out their souls amid the flames. Take a people just awakening to a new intellectual and religious life; let several generations of them, from childhood to old age, pore over such a book, and its stories become traditions as individual and almost as potent as songs and customs on a nation's life." -- Douglas Campbell, The Puritan in Holland, England, and America
    "If we divest the book of its accidental character of feud between churches, it yet stands, in the first years of Elizabeth's reign, a monument that marks the growing strength of a desire for spiritual freedom, defiance of those forms that seek to stifle conscience and fetter thought." -- Henry Morley, English Writers
    "John Foxe was a prince among believers. He had his printing press on a cart, and had often to print at night, moving his press before dawn to escape capture and burning at the stake. He never faltered in his purpose to leave a voluminous written witness to the power of the Lord Jesus Christ to keep His saints in love and peace." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    Text Encoding Initiative (TEI)
    John Foxe's Book of Martyrs Variorum Edition Online
    http://www.tei-c.org/Activities/Projects/jo01.xml
    Foxe's Acts and Monuments (the original Foxe's Book of Martyrs): How to Obtain a Facsimile or a Print-on-demand Copy.
    Compiled by Peter Reynolds, 29 April 2006.
    http://www.peterreynoldsbooks.com/home/foxereview.htm

    *Goodman, Christopher (c. 1520-1603), How Superior Powers Ought to be Obeyed of Their Subjects: And Wherein They may Lawfully by God's Word be Disobeyed and Resisted, 1558. Available (LIBRARY OF PRESBYTERIAN HERITAGE PUBLICATIONS AND PROTESTANT HERITAGE PRESS CD-ROM LIBRARY), on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #26. Available on Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library.
    "From 1555 to 1558, Christopher Goodman served as co-pastor, with John Knox, of the congregation of English exiles in Geneva. During the course of his ministry, Goodman preached upon Acts 4:19 and 5:29: Whether it be right in the sight of God, to obey you rather than God, judge ye. We ought rather to obey God than men. At the request of his brethren, Goodman subsequently published an expanded version of his exposition, HOW SUPERIOR POWERS OUGHT TO BE OBEYED OF THEIR SUBJECTS: AND WHEREIN THEY MAY LAWFULLY BY GOD'S WORD BE DISOBEYED AND RESISTED. WHEREIN ALSO IS DECLARED THE CAUSE OF ALL THIS PRESENT MISERY IN ENGLAND, AND THE ONLY WAY TO REMEDY THE SAME. In this book, Goodman contends against both ecclesiastical and political tyranny.
    "This new edition of SUPERIOR POWERS includes a scripture index, a subject index, a biographical essay on the life of Christopher Goodman, and the original foreword by William Whittingham." -- Publisher from Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library
    "Very rare. One of the dozen most important political writings appearing in English in the latter half of the sixteenth century. Together with THE FIRST BLAST OF THE TRUMPET and THE APPELLATION (retitled REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM in this catalogue), by John Knox, and Ponet's TREATISE OF POLITIQUE POWER, this book marks the first definite shift of opinion under the pressure of religion, away from the doctrine of almost unlimited obedience which characterized the political thought of the first half of the century laying the foundation for future ideas about civil disobedience. In that day, a proclamation of Philip and Mary had decreed the death of a rebel for anyone found in possession of the book." -- Publisher
    How Superior Powers Ought to be Obeyed of Their Subjects
    http://www.constitution.org/cmt/goodman/obeyed.htm

    *Hartmann, Thom, Unequal Protection: The Rise of Corporate Dominance and the Theft of Human Rights, ISBN: 1579546277 9781579546274.
    "This extraordinary book combines meticulous historical and legal research with a clear and compelling writing style to demonstrate beyond reasonable doubt the incompatibility of corporate personhood with democracy, the market economy, and the well-being of society. Complete with a practical program for essential reform to restore the rights of real persons -- including model legislation -- it is essential reading and an invaluable reference work for every citizen who cares about democracy, justice, and the human future." -- David C. Korten, author of When Corporations Rule the World
    "Beneath the success and rise of American enterprise is an untold history that is antithetical to every value Americans hold dear. This is a seminal work, a godsend really, a clear message to every citizen about the need to reform our country, laws, and companies." -- Paul Hawken, author of Natural Capitalism and The Ecology of Commerce
    "Unequal taxes, unequal accountability for crime, unequal influence, unequal privacy, and unequal access to natural resources and our commons -- these inequalities and more are the effects of corporations winning the rights of persons while simultaneously being given the legal protections to avoid the responsibilities that come with these rights. Hartmann tells the intriguing story of how it got this way -- from the colonists' rebellion against the commercial interests of the British elite to the distorted application of the Fourteenth Amendment -- and how to get back to a government of, by, and for the people.
    "Over the past two centuries, those playing the corporate game at the very highest levels seem to have won a victory for themselves -- a victory that is turning bitter in the mouths of many of the six billion humans on planet Earth. It's even turning bitter in unexpected ways for those who won it, as they find their own lives and families touched by an increasingly toxic environment, fragile and top-heavy economy, and hollow culture -- all traceable back to the frenetic systems of big business that resulted from the doctrine that corporations are persons."
    "Hartmann combines a remarkable piece of historical research with a brilliant literary style to tell the grand story of corporate corruption and its consequences for society with the force and readability of a great novel. I intended to take a first quick glance and then couldn't put it down." -- David C. Korten, author of When Corporations Rule the World
    "UNEQUAL PROTECTION should be in the hands of every thinking American. If we do not awaken soon, democracy will be replaced by a new 'Third Reich' of corporate tyranny. To be aware of the danger is the responsibility of each of us. No one has told us the truth better than Thom Hartmann. Read it!" -- Gerry Spence, author of Give Me Liberty
    "Essential reading for anyone concerned about the future of democracy, both here and abroad. With devastating precision and well-reasoned passion, Thom Hartmann shows the reader precisely how the corporate entity gained such a perilously dominant role in the life of a nation whose founders meant for its politics to respond to the concerns of people and communities, not return-seeking corporations." -- Jeff Gates, president, Shared Capitalism Institute, author, Democracy at Risk
    Thom Hartmann's, Unequal Protection: The Rise of Corporate Dominance and the Theft of Human Rights. A Review by Richard W. Behan
    "Unequal Protection may prove to be the most significant book in the history of corporate personhood, a doctrine which dates to 1886. For 116 years, corporate personhood has been scrutinized and criticized, but never seriously threatened. Now Thom Hartmann has discovered a fatal legal flaw in its origin: corporate personhood is doomed."
    http://www.main.nc.us/pace/18_corporate/

    Henry, Matthew, (1662-1714), Popery a Spiritual Tyranny: Shew'd in a Sermon Preach'd on the Fifth of November, 1712.

    Howard, Robert, Sir (1626-1698), A Free Discourse Wherein the Doctrines Which Make for Tyranny are Display'd, 1697.

    Johnson, Paul, Modern Times: The World From the Twenties to the Nineties, ISBN: 0060935502 9780060935504.
    "The twentieth-century State has ~proved itself the great killer of all time'."

    *Knox, John, (1505-1572), Against Romish Rites and Political and Ecclesiastical Tyranny, 1554. Alternate title: ECCLESIASTICAL TYRANNY and A FAITHFUL ADMONITION TO THE PROFESSORS OF GOD'S TRUTH IN ENGLAND. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #15. Available in SELECTED WRITINGS OF JOHN KNOX."
    "Formerly titled A FAITHFUL ADMONITION TO THE PROFESSORS OF GOD'S TRUTH IN ENGLAND, this letter is said to be 'undoubtedly the most important' of Knox's writings (up to that time), by W. Stanford Reid in TRUMPETER OF GOD (p. 114). Furthermore Reid notes that Knox's 'views on the magistrate expressed in the FAITHFUL ADMONITION, were to have an important influence upon much of his future conduct, and upon the development of the Reformation in both England and Scotland.' The editor of KNOX'S WORKS states, 'the object of the ADMONITION was twofold. The one was to animate those who had made a good profession to perseverance, and to avoid the sin of apologetical, or appearing to conform to the 'abominable idolatry' re-established in England; the other, to point out the dangers to be apprehended in when the kingdom became subjected to the dominion of strangers.' Knox uses very strong language here, in the hopes of getting through to those who came to be termed Nicodemites (i.e. those who thought that they could 'keep faith secretly in the heart, and yet do as idolaters do,' in Knox's own words). Written at a time when the true church had been driven underground by Roman Catholic persecution, it was said concerning this letter that 'many other godly men besides have been exposed to the risk of their property, and even life itself, upon the sole ground of either having had this book in their possession, or having read it.' Kevin Reed gives an excellent summary of this letter in SELECTED WRITINGS OF JOHN KNOX, when, in part, he writes, 'while acknowledging the risk of persecution to the faithful, the reformer perceives a greater danger in compromising with idolatry. Government persecution may bring disfavour of men, loss of personal goods and, in some cases, physical death; but idolatry brings down the wrath of God, resulting in grievous punishments, now and through eternity. Idolatry also invites a curse upon the posterity of the nation. In an intense pastoral appeal, Knox strongly admonishes his readers to avoid conforming to the Romish rites of worship.' (p. 220). For those who would rather read many of these Knox items with contemporary spelling, punctuation, and grammar we highly recommend the SELECTED WRITINGS OF JOHN KNOX." -- Publisher
    John Knox: Faithful Admonition (1554)
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/FaithAdm.htm

    *Knox, John (1505-1572), Appellation From the Sentence Pronounced by the Bishops and Clergy: Addressed to the Nobility and Estates of Scotland. Alternate title: THE APPELLATION OF JOHN KNOX FROM THE CRUELL . . . SENTENCE PRONOUNCED AGAINST HIM BY THE FALSE BISHOPPES AND CLERGEY OF SCOTLAND, WITH HIS SUPPLICATION AND EXHORTATION TO THE NOBILITIE, ESTATES, AND COMMUNALTIE OF THE SAME REALME, and THE APPELLATION . . . TO THE SCOTTISH NOBILITY, and REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM: AN APPEAL TO THE SCOTTISH NOBILITY, and THE APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND, and THE APPELLATION. Cover title: REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM: APPEAL TO THE SCOTTISH NOBILITY (1558). Available (singly as REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM, in which key text have been underlined by a previous reader), on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available (REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM), on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1 (MP3), #26. Available (APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND), on the Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library. Available (APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND), in THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX, Vol. 4. [John Knox; David Laing ((collector and editor)), THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX, Vol. 4, reprint of the 1855 edition printed for Bannatyne Club, Edinburgh (New York: AMS Press, 1966)].
    "David Chilton notes, 'Of all the sixteenth-century Reformers, John Knox remains the most ardently loved and fiercely hated. No other leader of his day saw so clearly the political issues in the light of Scripture. Nor has any of his contemporaries had so much direct influence upon the subsequent history of the world. He transformed a land of barbarians into one of the most hardheadly Calvinistic cultures ever to exist, and his doctrines lie at the core of all Protestant revolutionary activity. While he is often considered merely one of Calvin's lieutenants, he was actually a Reformer in his own right. In some respects he was the greatest of them all.' ("John Knox," in The Journal of Christian Reconstruction: Symposium on Puritanism and Law [Vallecito, CA: Chalcedon], Vol. V, No. 2, Winter, 1978-79, p. 194)
    "Furthermore, R.L. Greaves has noted that 'it has even been suggested -- and not altogether without merit -- that Knox was a key link in the development of political ideology that culminated in the American Revolution.' (Theology and Revolution in the Scottish Reformation: Studies in the Thought of John Knox [Grand Rapids, MI: Christian University Press, 1980], p. 156)
    "Moreover, Mason [Roger A. Mason -- compiler], states that this APPEAL [APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND -- compiler], 'is the most important . . . of Knox's political writings.' (in the Introduction to his compilation of Knox's political writings entitled KNOX: ON REBELLION) [see annotation for KNOX: ON REBELLION elsewhere in this bibliography -- compiler]. It shows in a conclusive manner that Knox wanted a Theonomic Establishment which was careful to 'disapprove, detest, oppose and remove all false worship and all monuments of idolatry' (cf. Westminster Larger Catechism, #108). It also clearly demonstrates that Knox believed in and promoted the continuing binding validity of the Old Testament case laws and the penal sanctions attached to them, including the death penalty.
    "Kevin Reed, in a editor's note, introducing this piece in his newly published SELECTED WRITING OF JOHN KNOX [available on the Puritan Hard Drive -- compiler], also points out that 'the Westminster Confession provides a distinct echo of Knox, when it states that the magistrate ""hath authority, and it is his duty, to take order, that unity and peace be preserved in the church, that the truth of God be kept pure and entire, that all blasphemies and heresies be suppressed, all corruptions and abuses in worship and discipline prevented or reformed, and all the ordinances of God duly settled, administered, and observed"" (Ch. 23:3, original wording). One secular historian once described Knox as 'Calvin with a sword,' making one wonder if he had not just been reading this very book. For 'where Calvin merely permitted disobedience to an ungodly ruler or immoral law, Knox championed armed rebellion -- a type of Calvinism that made religious revolution in Scotland possible.' (Christian History, Issue 46, p. 35). This is the best of the best; don't miss it!" -- Publisher
    Knox, John, Appellation From the Sentence Pronounced by the Bishops and Clergy: Addressed to the Nobility and Estates of Scotland
    This is a character scan (OCR) of the modernized text published by Protestant Heritage Press. While text may be cut and pasted it is subject to copyright.
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualNLs/appellat.htm
    Knox, John (1505-1572), The Works of John Knox (1846), Vol. 4.
    http://archive.org/stream/worksjohnknox07laingoog#page/n4/mode/2up
    Reformation, Revolution and Romanism (1558), John Knox, MP3 file.
    "This has been called John Knox's most important political writing. It also deals with Romanism, God's law, and much more.
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?currSection=sermonssource&sermonID=1030075041
    See also:
    Goodman, Christopher (c. 1520-1603), HOW SUPERIOR POWERS OUGHT TO BE OBEYED OF THEIR SUBJECTS: AND WHEREIN THEY MAY LAWFULLY BY GOD'S WORD BE DISOBEYED AND RESISTED, 1558. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #26. Available (HOW SUPERIOR POWERS OUGHT TO BE OBEYED), on the Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library.
    "From 1555 to 1558, Christopher Goodman served as co-pastor, with John Knox, of the congregation of English exiles in Geneva. During the course of his ministry, Goodman preached upon Acts 4:19 and 5:29: 'Whether it be right in the sight of God, to obey you rather than God, judge ye. We ought rather to obey God than men'. . . . In this book, Goodman contends against both ecclesiastical and political tyranny." -- Publisher
    Goodman, Christopher (c. 1520-1603), How Superior Powers Ought to be Obeyed of Their Subjects
    http://www.constitution.org/cmt/goodman/obeyed.htm
    See also annotation for:
    Knox, John (1505-1572), THE HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION OF RELIGION WITHIN THE REALM OF SCOTLAND. . . . TOGETHER WITH THE LIFE OF THE AUTHOR, AND SEVERAL CURIOUS PIECES WROTE BY HIM, . . . BY THE REVEREND MR. JOHN KNOX, . . . TO WHICH IS ADDED, I. AN ADMONITION TO ENGLAND AND SCOTLAND . . . BY ANTONI GILBY. II. THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF DISCIPLINE, GLASGOW, 1761. Alternate title: THE HISTORIE OF THE REFORMATION OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND CONTAINING FIVE BOOKS: TOGETHER WITH SOME TREATISES CONDUCING TO THE HISTORY. EDITED, WITH A LIFE OF KNOX AND A PREFACE, BY DAVID BUCHANAN. INCLUDES: "THE APPELLATION OF JOHN KNOX, FROM THE . . . SENTENCE PRONOUNCED AGAINST HIM (pp. 1-33); "THE ADMONITION OF JOHN KNOX TO HIS BELOVED BRETHREN THE COMMONALTY OF SCOTLAND" (pp. 34-42); "A FAITHFULL ADMONITION MADE BY JOHN KNOX TO THE TRUE PROFESSORS OF THE GOSPEL OF CHRIST WITHIN THE KINGDOM OF ENGLAND, 1554" (pp. 43-79); "THE COPIE OF A LETTER DELIVERED TO QUEEN MARY, REGENT OF SCOTLAND" (pp. 80-97); AND "A SERMON PREACHED BY JOHN KNOX [AUGUST 19, 1565]," ISBN: 0851513581 9780851513584. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1.

    *Knox, John, (1505-1572), and Kevin Reed (editor), The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment [government] of Women, With the "Summary of the Second Blast" appended (Dallas, TX [Presbyterian Heritage Publications, P.O. Box 180922, 75218-0922]: Presbyterian Heritage Publications, 1993), trade paperback, 96 pages, marginal notes, scripture index, and subject index. This edition appears in three additional formats: SELECTED WRITINGS OF JOHN KNOX: PUBLIC EPISTLES, TREATISES, AND EXPOSITIONS TO THE YEAR 1559, pages 370-436, the LIBRARY OF PRESBYTERIAN HERITAGE PUBLICATIONS AND PROTESTANT HERITAGE PRESS CD-ROM LIBRARY, and e-text that includes the marginal notes as endnotes, but does not include the scripture index, and subject index. Citations for these three additional formats are listed below.
    "The text of this edition is based on the definitive edition of THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX, edited by David Laing (Edinburgh, 1895).
    "In this controversial work, John Knox contends that 'to promote a woman to bear rule, superiority, dominion, or empire above any realm, nation, or city, is repugnant to nature, contumely [insult] to God, a thing most contrary to his revealed will and approved ordinance; and finally, it is the subversion of good order, of all equity and justice'." -- Publisher
    Subheading used in this edition:

    "The SUMMARY OF THE SECOND BLAST was originally appended to the APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND (1558), published in KNOX'S WORKS, VOL. IV, pp. 539-40." (see citation below) -- Publisher
    Other publications of THE FIRST BLAST OF THE TRUMPET follow: Gunn Productions,The Monstrous Regiment of Women, DVD (Gunn Productions, October 31, 2007), 54 minutes.
    "Who is the monstrous regiment? Today, the feminists are our monstrous regiment!
    To promote a woman to bear rule, superiority, dominion, or empire above any realm, nation, or city, is repugnant to nature . . . A thing most contrary to His revealed will and approved ordinance. -- John Knox
    "The 16th century reformer John Knox wrote his famous tract THE FIRST BLAST OF THE TRUMPET AGAINST THE MONSTROUS REGIMENT OF WOMEN to oppose a notorious European female tyrant who sought to stamp out biblical Christianity in his beloved Scotland.
    "When we approach the issues of our day we wish to borrow his biblical perspective to apply his blast against those who rule in the wake of his monstrous queen. This group, we shall see, far surpasses the queen's iniquities in both kind and degree.
    "Feminists tell women not to submit to a husband, to avoid having children, and that they should listen to their inner voice and chase a career to find true fulfillment. This twisted and irrational teaching has led to disaster for American women, leading many into a frustrating, isolated existence. With this film, we call women back to a life filled with joy and beauty that can only be found by following God's Word.
    "Due to the subject matter this film is not suitable for children.
    "Subjects Covered: | Who was John Knox? | What did he think of women? | What is Feminism? | Feminism and Socialism | Daycare | Modesty | Women in the Military | Women in the Workplace | Margaret Sanger | Planned Parenthood | Abortion | Hillary | Birth Control | Betty Friedan | Rock For Choice | Plus 26 minutes of unique interview footage
    "Featuring: | Sharon Adams -- Historian, Edinburgh University | Jennie Chancey -- Ladies Against Feminism | Jane Doe -- Military Cadet | Carol Everett -- Former Abortion Provider | Dana Feliciano -- Homemaker | Carmon Friedrich -- Writer, Buried Treasure Books | F. Carolyn Graglia -- Author, Domestic Tranquility | Rosalind Marshall -- Knox Biographer | Stacey McDonald -- Author, Raising Maidens of Virtue | Phyllis Schlafly -- Eagle Forum | Denise Sproul -- Homemaker | Kathleen Smith -- Homemaker" -- Publisher

    *Knox, John, (1505-1572), and Roger A. Mason (editor), Knox: On Rebellion, ISBN: 0521390893 9780521390897 0521399882 9780521399883.
    "John Knox's FIRST BLAST OF THE TRUMPET AGAINST THE MONSTROUS REGIMENT OF WOMEN, one of the most notorious political tracts of the sixteenth century, has been more often referred to than read. Its true significance as one of a series of pamphlets which Knox wrote in 1558 on the theme of rebellion is therefore easily overlooked. This new edition of his writings includes not only THE FIRST BLAST, but the three other tracts of 1558 -- THE LETTER TO THE REGENT OF SCOTLAND, THE APPELLATION TO THE SCOTTISH NOBILITY, and THE LETTER TO THE COMMONALTY OF SCOTLAND -- in which Knox confronted the problem of resistance to tyranny. Related material, mostly drawn from Knox's own HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION IN SCOTLAND, illuminates the development of his views before 1558 and illustrates their application in the specific circumstances of the Scottish Reformation and the rule of Mary Queen of Scots. This edition thus brings together for the first time all of Knox's most important writings on rebellion." -- Publisher
    The editor, Roger A. Mason, has written extensively: SCOTS AND BRITONS: SCOTTISH POLITICAL THOUGHT AND THE UNION OF 1603, 1994 | JOHN KNOX AND THE BRITISH REFORMATIONS, 1998 | GEORGE BUCHANAN: POLITICAL THOUGHT IN EARLY MODERN BRITAIN AND EUROPE (co-author, Caroline Erskine), 2012 | SCOTLAND AND ENGLAND, 1286-1815, 1987 | KINGSHIP AND THE COMMONWEAL: POLITICAL THOUGHT IN RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION SCOTLAND, 1998 | PEOPLE AND POWER IN SCOTLAND: ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF T.C. SMOUT (co-authors, Norman Macdougall and T.C. Smout), 1992 | ANDREW MELVILLE (1545-1622): HUMANIST AND REFORMER (co-author, Steven J Reid), 2013 | EMPIRE, UNION AND REFORM, 2007 | THE GLASGOW ASSEMBLY 1638, 1988. He is from the University of St. Andrews, Scotland.
    "This compilation brings together, for the first time, all of Knox's most important political writings. It shows, in Knox's own words, how he directly and faithfully confronted the problem of resistance to tyranny. It is especially illustrative in regard to how Knox made application of Scripture to the specific circumstances of the Scottish Reformation and the rule of Mary, Queen of Scots. It includes his FIRST BLAST OF THE TRUMPET AGAINST THE MONSTROUS REGIMENT OF WOMEN, THE APPELLATION TO THE SCOTTISH NOBILITY, his confrontations with Lethington (the Queens's secretary), during the General Assembly [A DEBATE BETWEEN JOHN KNOX AND SECRETARY LETHINGTON ON THE DUTY OF CHRISTIAN SUBJECTS TO EXECUTE JUDGEMENT UPON CRIMINAL MAGISTRATES -- compiler], and much more. Reconstructionists, and all serious students of the Reformation, will welcome this volume, as it conclusively proves that Knox held to some very specific points related to Theonomic ethics. Knox even went so far as to call for the execution of the Queen, because she was publicly promoting sedition (against Christ the King), in her celebration of the idolatrous Popish Mass. He based his reasoning, including negative civil penal sanctions, on Old Testament case law. B.K. Kuiper says of him, 'After Knox returned to Scotland the Reformation in that land swept forward . . . The preaching of Knox was like a spark in a keg of gunpowder.' Wherever he preached there followed an iconoclastic explosion. Images were broken and monasteries stormed by the mob. He wrote: 'The places of idolatry were made level with the ground, the monuments of idolatry consumed with fire, and priests were commanded under pain of death to desist from their blasphemous mass . . . The pope's authority and all jurisdiction by Catholic prelates was abolished, and the celebration of the mass was forbidden. Maintenance of the true religion was declared to be the prime duty of government . . .' (The Church in History, pp. 217-18). This book will leave no doubt in your mind as to why Knox has been called 'Calvin with a sword.' It will light a fire in your soul for righteousness in civil matters -- something the Reformers often addressed!" -- Publisher
    Some of the tracts included in this work are available singly in THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX on the Puritan Hard Drive and the Reformation Bookshelf. Available (THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX), on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1.
    See also the following political writings of John Knox single on both the Puritan Hard Drive and in The Reformation Bookshelf: CD #1, John Knox Debates God's Law, Idolatry and Civil Resistance in the General Assembly of 1564 | CD #1, Select Practical Writings of John Knox | CD #15, Against Romish Rites and Political and Ecclesiastical Tyranny (1554) | CD #26, Against Romish Rites and Political and Ecclesiastical Tyranny (1554) | CD #17, An Admonition to Flee Idolatry, Romanism and All False Worship (1554) | CD #25, The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women (This book is on the first CD in this set). | CD #26, Reformation, Revolution and Romanism: An Appeal to the Scottish Nobility (1558).

    Lilburne, John, Bridgewater House Library, Regall Tyrannie Discovered: or, A discourse, shewing that all lawfull (approbational) instituted power by God amongst men, is by common agreement, and mutual consent: . . . In which is also punctually declared, the tyrannie of the kings of England, from the dayes of William the invader and robber, and tyrant, alias the Conqueror, to this present King Charles, . . . : Out of which is drawn a discourse, occasioned by the tyrannie and injustice inflicted by the Lords, upon that stout-faithful-lover of his country, and constant sufferer for the liberties thereof, Lieut. Col. John Lilburn, now prisoner in the Tower. . . .

    *Machiavelli, Niccolo, The Prince, ISBN: 0192833979 9780192833976.
    This famous analysis of statesmanship and power, lauded by the world system and read by practically all politicians, will give insight to those who may still not understand power politics in Washington. But to fully understand the current situation in the Federal government even the discerning person must work in a Federal office or within the corporate limits of the District of Columbia for at least a year. A secular author.
    The Prince, Nicolo Machiavelli
    http://books.mirror.org/gb.machiavelli.html

    *Tocqueville, Alexis de, Seymour Drescher (translator), Gertrude Himmelfarb (introduction), Memoir on Pauperism, ISBN: 156663167X 9781566631679.
    "In this neglected memoir, written just after the first volume of DEMOCRACY IN AMERICA, Tocqueville seeks to understand why the most impoverished countries of Europe in his time had the fewest paupers, while the most opulent nation -- England -- had the most." -- Publisher

    *Trewhella, Matthew J., The Doctrine of the Lesser Magistrates: A Proper Resistance to Tyranny and a Repudiation of Unlimited Obedience to Civil Government, ISBN: 1482327686 9781482327687.
    "America has entered troubling times. The rule of law is crumbling. The massive expansion of Federal government power with its destructive laws and policies is of grave concern to many. But what can be done to quell the abuse of power by civil authority? Are unjust or immoral actions by the government simply to be accepted and their lawless commands obeyed? How do we know when the government has acted tyrannically? Which actions constitute proper and legitimate resistance? This book places in your hands a hopeful blueprint for freedom. Appealing to history and the Word of God, Pastor Matthew Trewhella answers these questions and shows how Americans can successfully resist the Federal government's attempts to trample our Constitution, assault our liberty, and impugn the law of God. The doctrine of the lesser magistrates declares that when the superior or higher civil authority makes an unjust/immoral law or decree, the lesser or lower ranking civil authority has both the right and duty to refuse obedience to that superior authority. If necessary, the lower authority may even actively resist the superior authority. Historically, this doctrine was practiced before the time of Christ and Christianity. It was Christian men, however, who formalized and embedded it into their political institutions throughout Western Civilization. The doctrine of the lesser magistrates is a historic tool that provides proven guidelines for proper and legitimate resistance to tyranny, often without causing any major upheaval in society. The doctrine teaches us how to rein in lawless acts by government and restore justice in our nation. "Use this sword against my enemies, if I give righteous commands; but if I give unrighteous commands, use it against me." -- Roman Emperor Trajan, speaking to one of his subordinates. This is the first book published solely addressing the doctrine of the lesser magistrates in over 400 years. Matthew Trewhella is the pastor of Mercy Seat Christian Church. He is a graduate of Valley Forge Christian College. He and his wife, Clara, have eleven children and nine grandchildren, and reside in the Milwaukee, Wisconsin area. His research and teaching on the lesser magistrate doctrine is reshaping the thinking of Americans. He was instrumental in publishing THE MAGDEBURG CONFESSION in 2012 - the first English translation of the document since it was written in 1550." -- Publisher
    "Wow! Please get this book and read it. And then read it again! And then send it to your lesser magistrates (specifically your local sheriffs, county judges, and State governors).
    "The subtitle says it all: A PROPER RESISTANCE TO TYRANNY AND A REPUDIATION OF UNLIMITED OBEDIENCE TO CIVIL GOVERNMENT.
    "Romans 13:1-7 has caused a great deal of confusion to modern Christian evangelicals. On the whole it tends to get interpreted as "we must obey the government [with an implied unlimited obedience]." Of course that doesn't feel right, and we know of the passage that says we must obey God rather than men. But how do we reconcile these?
    "The Doctrine of the Lesser Magistrates helps us figure that out. Government has been instituted by God as His instrument to do His work. But when government ceases to do God's work in carrying out just laws, there needs to be a way to hold back the tyranny. Will revolt and riot work, or is that what Christians are called to do? No.
    "Enter the lesser magistrate -- also known as the government office holder who is inferior to the one giving the orders but has a legitimate role in government nonetheless. He has the ability and the duty to resist carrying out unjust laws or orders. And he has the ability and duty to interpose on behalf of the citizens against whom the tyrannical governing authority is trying to carry out his power.
    "Trewhella shows historical examples of how the application of this doctrine has worked and provides compelling Biblical exegesis of how this doctrine is clearly taught in Scripture.
    "I highly recommend reading this book! It's short enough to be read in one sitting, but powerful enough to transform your understanding of how to properly resist tyranny -- in God's power and by God's prescription." -- Reader's Comment

    See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, The doctrine of the lesser magistrates, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Spiritual Adultery (Spiritual Whoredom/Harlotry), Conspiracy and corruption, Secret societies, Ungodly alliances, voluntary associations, Ensnaring oaths (vows, promises, covenants) and bonds with the ungodly, Hypocracy, The decline of american society, irrationality, the decline of western thought, Toleration, liberty of conscience, pluralism, and neutrality, The courts and the law base, Authority, Power, Bible magistracy, Leniency, Servant leadership, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, Soteriology, atonement, Covetousness, greed, selfishness, The inspiration and infallibility of scripture (the doctrine of revelation, the doctrine of plenary inspiration, the doctrine of divine inspiration, the doctrine of verbal inspiration, The ten commandments: the moral law, Trusting god, Theft, Sexual relationship, Idolatry, syncretism, Sexual wholeness, The counter reformation, Rebellion and lawlessness: wickedness, demonic possession, substance abuse, abnormal behavior, insanity, mental illness, mental retardation, Repentance, the key to salvation and change,
    Justice, the theology of judgment, god's final judgment, the great white throne judgment, the day of the lord, Justifying faith, Justification, Forgiveness, Sanctification, The covenant faithfulness of god, The all-sufficiency of christ, Lordship of jesus christ, Christ's kingdom, Covenant theology and the ordinance of covenanting, The covenanted reformation, Background and history of the covenanted reformation of scotland, Covenanted reformation short title listing, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership,
    Pride, ambition, arrogance, ego, Anger, Rebellion and lawlessness: wickedness, demonic possession, substance abuse, abnormal behavior, insanity, mental illness, mental retardation, Satanism, The occult, Feminism,
    The one and the many, Corporate faithfulness and sanctification, Individual responsibility for corporate faithfulness and sanctification, War, Unfaithful reformed ministries, Secret societies, ungodly alliances, voluntary associations, Conspiracy and corruption, Pseudo-christian movements: a selection of works, Politics, Slavery, our systems of enslavement, economic enslavement, Casuistry, cases of conscience, Christianity and democracy, The utter failure of the u.s. constitution as a social deed of covenant, Conspiracy and corruption, The destruction of american liberty, The decline of american society, irrationality, the decline of western thought, The religion of secular humanism, Treason and impeachment, Anarchy, Politics, and so forth, and so on.
    TCRB5: 2005, 2006, 2129

    Related WebLinks

    The Departure from the Biblical View in Constitutional Government
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, Decline of American Culture
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?ID=82602124719

    The Christian and Politics #04: Enemies of our Christian Heritage #1
    Dr. C. Gregg Singer, The Christian and Politics
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12705182945



    Biblical Civil Government and The Basis for Civil Resistance

    It is this author's contention that the modern churches have let go of this important piece of the faith [Christ's Kingship over the nations -- compiler], once for all delivered to the saints. Thereby they have delivered the church, not to kings as nursing fathers, but to the cruel civil domination of the enemies of the true religion, their sheep being taught that they must submit passively to every pretended civil authority as the ordinance of God. By this defection, these leaders of the flock have also undermined the magistracy, allowing and even encouraging wicked men to remove this blessed ordinance from its foundation in God its creator, and from its subjection to Christ His King, thereby directly opposing God's benevolent ends in instituting civil government: Thus have [they] made the commandment of God of none effect by [their] tradition. . . . teaching for doctrines the commandments of men (Matthew 15:6,9). Furthermore, by their false teaching regarding civil government, they have made themselves guilty of the very sin of which we are often accused: opposing the ordinance of God. If this wasn't enough, however, consider that their sin is worse than that of the garden variety rebel, inasmuch as their opposition to God's institution is not so much practical as it is principal; and because of their position as teachers and guides of the flock of God. Be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation. . . . For we can do nothing against the truth, but for the truth. (James 3:1; 2 Cor. 13:8 [2 Corinthians 13:8]) -- Greg Price, Biblical Civil Government Verses the Beast, p. 64

    We may very safely assert these two things in general without undermining government. One is that no civil rulers are to be obeyed when they enjoin things that are inconsistent with the commands of God. All such disobedience is lawful and glorious. Therefore, disobedience to them is a duty, not a crime. -- Jonathan Mayhew, writing in 1750

    We must obey God rather than men. (Acts 5:29)

    Barrow, Reg, John Knox, Oliver Cromwell, God's Law and the Reformation of Civil Government. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1, #25.
    "Many consider Knox one of the greatest Reformers ever and God used him to win the nation of Scotland to Christ. Knox laid the foundations for the Covenanters that followed, and they in turn gave us the clearest foretaste of the millennium glory to come in the magnificent Solemn League and Covenant. Speaking of these Reformation attainments McFeeters notes, 'The fathers are worthy of all praise for this unprecedented effort to build the national government upon the true foundation of God's will, and administer it by men in Covenant with Jesus Christ, the King of kings. This was the first attempt to erect a Christian government, in which the fear of God should pervade every department and characterize every official.' (Sketches of the Covenanters, pp. 155-156). This book deals with some of Knox's most controversial political writings, demonstrating that he was what Barrow calls a 'historic' theonomist (like Rutherford and Gillespie after him). It also offers some fine tuning for 'modern' theonomists, which aims at leading them into the 'footsteps of the flock' and closer to the classic or historic Presbyterian/Covenanter view of law (and away from some of the anabaptist/libertarian tendencies that sometimes arise among modern theonomists). Numerous resources, recently published, dealing with civil disobedience and opposition to tyranny are also listed. The first appendix in this book contains Barrow's letter to Christian Renewal expressing his strong disagreement with an unfavorable and inaccurate review of Michael Wagner's Presbyterian Political Manifesto. In it he shows how the Reformers and their confessions of faith supported the civil establishment of the one true Christian religion, while at the same time publicly excluding Papist's, pagans and other heretics from places of civil rule (in countries blessed with the light of the gospel). The second appendix contains a series of letters dedicated to proving why Barrow calls Cromwell the 'Judas of the Covenant.' It demonstrates Cromwell's reckless abandon in violating his sacred vows to the Lord in the Solemn League and Covenant, while also showing why Cromwell's wicked, anti-Christian views concerning toleration and liberty of conscience led people away from Scriptural standards and helped open the floodgates to modern atheistic pluralism. In short, Cromwell was the prototype of our contemporary pragmatic politician, adept at equivocation and setting his own glory and government above all other concerns, including the glory and government of God. In this vein Barrow contends that Cromwell, unaffectionately dubbed the 'late usurper' by the covenanted Presbyterians of the mid seventeenth-century, was used of the devil to accomplish things in the civil and ecclesiastical realm that he (i.e. satan), could never have accomplished with the more obviously anti-Christian religions of that day (which were not pluralistic theologically, such Romanism, Episcopalianism, etc.). For Cromwell laid his axe of ungodly toleration and pretended liberty of conscience to the root of the tree of Covenanted Reformation in a much more subtle manner than the previous 'midwives to Antichrist,' and thus his sectarianism better served the devious designs of the devil during those days. This section also exposes Cromwell as a Erastian tyrant, a liar, and a dictator, who (with the help of his sectarian army), executed the covenanted Presbyterian minister Christopher Love (Cromwell's soldiers even threatened to shoot Thomas Manton for preaching at Love's funeral), sent many other Presbyterian ministers to jail (including Thomas Watson), disbanded the Scottish general assembly (at gunpoint), and eventually began negotiations with Papists (with the intent of granting them a measure of 'liberty' to more freely practice their superstitions and soul murder). This is not the view of Cromwell that you will hear from modern historians and theologians who have abandoned the context of Covenanted Reformation (how could it be?), for as Rushdoony has correctly pointed out, 'Men cannot give a meaning to history that they themselves lack, nor can they honor a past which indicts them for their present failures'." (A Biblical Philosophy of History, p. 135). -- Publisher
    John Knox, Oliver Cromwell, God's Law and the Reformation of Civil Government
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/Crom.htm

    Buzzard, Lynn R., and Paula Campbell, Holy Disobedience: When Christians Must Resist the State, ISBN: 0892831847 9780892831845.

    *Goodman, Christopher (c. 1520-1603), How Superior Powers Ought to be Obeyed of Their Subjects: And Wherein They may Lawfully by God's Word be Disobeyed and Resisted, 1558. Available (LIBRARY OF PRESBYTERIAN HERITAGE PUBLICATIONS AND PROTESTANT HERITAGE PRESS CD-ROM LIBRARY), on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #26. Available on Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library.
    "From 1555 to 1558, Christopher Goodman served as co-pastor, with John Knox, of the congregation of English exiles in Geneva. During the course of his ministry, Goodman preached upon Acts 4:19 and 5:29: Whether it be right in the sight of God, to obey you rather than God, judge ye. We ought rather to obey God than men. At the request of his brethren, Goodman subsequently published an expanded version of his exposition, HOW SUPERIOR POWERS OUGHT TO BE OBEYED OF THEIR SUBJECTS: AND WHEREIN THEY MAY LAWFULLY BY GOD'S WORD BE DISOBEYED AND RESISTED. WHEREIN ALSO IS DECLARED THE CAUSE OF ALL THIS PRESENT MISERY IN ENGLAND, AND THE ONLY WAY TO REMEDY THE SAME. In this book, Goodman contends against both ecclesiastical and political tyranny.
    "This new edition of SUPERIOR POWERS includes a scripture index, a subject index, a biographical essay on the life of Christopher Goodman, and the original foreword by William Whittingham." -- Publisher from Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library
    "Very rare. One of the dozen most important political writings appearing in English in the latter half of the sixteenth century. Together with THE FIRST BLAST OF THE TRUMPET and THE APPELLATION (retitled REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM in this catalogue), by John Knox, and Ponet's TREATISE OF POLITIQUE POWER, this book marks the first definite shift of opinion under the pressure of religion, away from the doctrine of almost unlimited obedience which characterized the political thought of the first half of the century laying the foundation for future ideas about civil disobedience. In that day, a proclamation of Philip and Mary had decreed the death of a rebel for anyone found in possession of the book." -- Publisher
    How Superior Powers Ought to be Obeyed of Their Subjects
    http://www.constitution.org/cmt/goodman/obeyed.htm

    *Hall, David W., Savior or Servant? Putting Government in its Place, ISBN: 0965036715 9780965036719.
    "Savior or Servant? is the single best volume of Christian thinking on the issue of the increasingly intrusive state . . . Theology at its very best: orthodox, relevant, and provocative." -- George Grant
    "SAVIOR OR SERVANT? PUTTING GOVERNMENT IN ITS PLACE is an attempt to define the role of the state: Shall it be a minister or a Messiah? Using ancient but timeless information, David W. Hall has surveyed the Bible and arrived at a coherent theology of the state. This study succeeds in identifying the responsibilities that the civil state is mandated to do, permitted to do, and prohibited from doing. Along the way, it is discovered that all political schemes and issues are fraught with theological value. Moreover, the most enduring grid to keep government in its rightful place is found in the Bible. Drawing upon thousands of verses and hundreds of thinkers, this volume is comprehensive yet readable. Theologians from Augustine to Calvin and from Aquinas to Barth are studied and presented in a non-technical manner. The Christian who is interested in politics should absorb these summaries before launching out into unstudied political activism. Rather than adopting a politics-as-usual posture, Hall challenges partisans from the right and from the left. He summons Christians to the old paths, which God's Word has occupied for centuries. Discussed in these chapters are perennial matters of practical importance, such as: taxation; resistance to evil governments; methods of influence; the escalation of rights; limited government; moral qualities for leaders; separation of powers. This book will provide excellent fodder for discussion and guidance. It returns spiritual principles to their place, while seeking to put government in its proper place.
    SAVIOR OR SERVANT? is a revival of a classic approach to limited government. In a time when nations are finally beginning to shrink bloated governments, a surprising source commends itself as an able assistant in reform. The scriptural view of the state, removed from the varied fads of political science, provides an enduring perspective by which to measure all states. This study begins with a survey of biblical teaching on pressing matters of state today. Following the contours of the Old and New Testaments, SAVIOR OR SERVANT? calls all levels of government to a servant posture, rather than allowing officials to dominate. A historical tracing of the best and most pertinent that theology has to offer on the subject is contained in these pages." -- Publisher
    From Reformation to Revolution: 1500-1650, Chapter 10: Savior or Servant? Putting Government in Its Place
    http://capo.org/premise/96/mar/p960304.html

    *Knox, John (1505-1572), Appellation From the Sentence Pronounced by the Bishops and Clergy: Addressed to the Nobility and Estates of Scotland. Alternate title: THE APPELLATION OF JOHN KNOX FROM THE CRUELL . . . SENTENCE PRONOUNCED AGAINST HIM BY THE FALSE BISHOPPES AND CLERGEY OF SCOTLAND, WITH HIS SUPPLICATION AND EXHORTATION TO THE NOBILITIE, ESTATES, AND COMMUNALTIE OF THE SAME REALME, and THE APPELLATION . . . TO THE SCOTTISH NOBILITY, and REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM: AN APPEAL TO THE SCOTTISH NOBILITY, and THE APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND, and THE APPELLATION. Cover title: REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM: APPEAL TO THE SCOTTISH NOBILITY (1558). Available (singly as REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM, in which key text have been underlined by a previous reader), on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available (REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM), on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1 (MP3), #26. Available (APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND), on the Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library. Available (APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND), in THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX, Vol. 4. [John Knox; David Laing ((collector and editor)), THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX, Vol. 4, reprint of the 1855 edition printed for Bannatyne Club, Edinburgh (New York: AMS Press, 1966)].
    "David Chilton notes, 'Of all the sixteenth-century Reformers, John Knox remains the most ardently loved and fiercely hated. No other leader of his day saw so clearly the political issues in the light of Scripture. Nor has any of his contemporaries had so much direct influence upon the subsequent history of the world. He transformed a land of barbarians into one of the most hardheadly Calvinistic cultures ever to exist, and his doctrines lie at the core of all Protestant revolutionary activity. While he is often considered merely one of Calvin's lieutenants, he was actually a Reformer in his own right. In some respects he was the greatest of them all.' ("John Knox," in The Journal of Christian Reconstruction: Symposium on Puritanism and Law [Vallecito, CA: Chalcedon], Vol. V, No. 2, Winter, 1978-79, p. 194)
    "Furthermore, R.L. Greaves has noted that 'it has even been suggested -- and not altogether without merit -- that Knox was a key link in the development of political ideology that culminated in the American Revolution.' (Theology and Revolution in the Scottish Reformation: Studies in the Thought of John Knox [Grand Rapids, MI: Christian University Press, 1980], p. 156)
    "Moreover, Mason [Roger A. Mason -- compiler], states that this APPEAL [APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND -- compiler], 'is the most important . . . of Knox's political writings.' (in the Introduction to his compilation of Knox's political writings entitled KNOX: ON REBELLION) [see annotation for KNOX: ON REBELLION elsewhere in this bibliography -- compiler]. It shows in a conclusive manner that Knox wanted a Theonomic Establishment which was careful to 'disapprove, detest, oppose and remove all false worship and all monuments of idolatry' (cf. Westminster Larger Catechism, #108). It also clearly demonstrates that Knox believed in and promoted the continuing binding validity of the Old Testament case laws and the penal sanctions attached to them, including the death penalty.
    "Kevin Reed, in a editor's note, introducing this piece in his newly published SELECTED WRITING OF JOHN KNOX [available on the Puritan Hard Drive -- compiler], also points out that 'the Westminster Confession provides a distinct echo of Knox, when it states that the magistrate ""hath authority, and it is his duty, to take order, that unity and peace be preserved in the church, that the truth of God be kept pure and entire, that all blasphemies and heresies be suppressed, all corruptions and abuses in worship and discipline prevented or reformed, and all the ordinances of God duly settled, administered, and observed"" (Ch. 23:3, original wording). One secular historian once described Knox as 'Calvin with a sword,' making one wonder if he had not just been reading this very book. For 'where Calvin merely permitted disobedience to an ungodly ruler or immoral law, Knox championed armed rebellion -- a type of Calvinism that made religious revolution in Scotland possible.' (Christian History, Issue 46, p. 35). This is the best of the best; don't miss it!" -- Publisher
    Knox, John, Appellation From the Sentence Pronounced by the Bishops and Clergy: Addressed to the Nobility and Estates of Scotland
    This is a character scan (OCR) of the modernized text published by Protestant Heritage Press. While text may be cut and pasted it is subject to copyright.
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualNLs/appellat.htm
    Knox, John (1505-1572), The Works of John Knox (1846), Vol. 4.
    http://archive.org/stream/worksjohnknox07laingoog#page/n4/mode/2up
    Reformation, Revolution and Romanism (1558), John Knox, MP3 file.
    "This has been called John Knox's most important political writing. It also deals with Romanism, God's law, and much more.
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?currSection=sermonssource&sermonID=1030075041
    See also:
    Goodman, Christopher (c. 1520-1603), HOW SUPERIOR POWERS OUGHT TO BE OBEYED OF THEIR SUBJECTS: AND WHEREIN THEY MAY LAWFULLY BY GOD'S WORD BE DISOBEYED AND RESISTED, 1558. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #26. Available (HOW SUPERIOR POWERS OUGHT TO BE OBEYED), on the Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library.
    "From 1555 to 1558, Christopher Goodman served as co-pastor, with John Knox, of the congregation of English exiles in Geneva. During the course of his ministry, Goodman preached upon Acts 4:19 and 5:29: 'Whether it be right in the sight of God, to obey you rather than God, judge ye. We ought rather to obey God than men'. . . . In this book, Goodman contends against both ecclesiastical and political tyranny." -- Publisher
    Goodman, Christopher (c. 1520-1603), How Superior Powers Ought to be Obeyed of Their Subjects
    http://www.constitution.org/cmt/goodman/obeyed.htm
    See also annotation for:
    Knox, John (1505-1572), THE HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION OF RELIGION WITHIN THE REALM OF SCOTLAND. . . . TOGETHER WITH THE LIFE OF THE AUTHOR, AND SEVERAL CURIOUS PIECES WROTE BY HIM, . . . BY THE REVEREND MR. JOHN KNOX, . . . TO WHICH IS ADDED, I. AN ADMONITION TO ENGLAND AND SCOTLAND . . . BY ANTONI GILBY. II. THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF DISCIPLINE, GLASGOW, 1761. Alternate title: THE HISTORIE OF THE REFORMATION OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND CONTAINING FIVE BOOKS: TOGETHER WITH SOME TREATISES CONDUCING TO THE HISTORY. EDITED, WITH A LIFE OF KNOX AND A PREFACE, BY DAVID BUCHANAN. INCLUDES: "THE APPELLATION OF JOHN KNOX, FROM THE . . . SENTENCE PRONOUNCED AGAINST HIM (pp. 1-33); "THE ADMONITION OF JOHN KNOX TO HIS BELOVED BRETHREN THE COMMONALTY OF SCOTLAND" (pp. 34-42); "A FAITHFULL ADMONITION MADE BY JOHN KNOX TO THE TRUE PROFESSORS OF THE GOSPEL OF CHRIST WITHIN THE KINGDOM OF ENGLAND, 1554" (pp. 43-79); "THE COPIE OF A LETTER DELIVERED TO QUEEN MARY, REGENT OF SCOTLAND" (pp. 80-97); AND "A SERMON PREACHED BY JOHN KNOX [AUGUST 19, 1565]," ISBN: 0851513581 9780851513584. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1.

    *Knox, John, (1505-1572), and Kevin Reed (editor), The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment [government] of Women, With the "Summary of the Second Blast" appended (Dallas, TX [Presbyterian Heritage Publications, P.O. Box 180922, 75218-0922]: Presbyterian Heritage Publications, 1993), trade paperback, 96 pages, marginal notes, scripture index, and subject index. This edition appears in three additional formats: SELECTED WRITINGS OF JOHN KNOX: PUBLIC EPISTLES, TREATISES, AND EXPOSITIONS TO THE YEAR 1559, pages 370-436, the LIBRARY OF PRESBYTERIAN HERITAGE PUBLICATIONS AND PROTESTANT HERITAGE PRESS CD-ROM LIBRARY, and e-text that includes the marginal notes as endnotes, but does not include the scripture index, and subject index. Citations for these three additional formats are listed below.
    "The text of this edition is based on the definitive edition of THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX, edited by David Laing (Edinburgh, 1895).
    "In this controversial work, John Knox contends that 'to promote a woman to bear rule, superiority, dominion, or empire above any realm, nation, or city, is repugnant to nature, contumely [insult] to God, a thing most contrary to his revealed will and approved ordinance; and finally, it is the subversion of good order, of all equity and justice'." -- Publisher
    Subheading used in this edition:

    "The SUMMARY OF THE SECOND BLAST was originally appended to the APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND (1558), published in KNOX'S WORKS, VOL. IV, pp. 539-40." (see citation below) -- Publisher
    Other publications of THE FIRST BLAST OF THE TRUMPET follow: Gunn Productions,The Monstrous Regiment of Women, DVD (Gunn Productions, October 31, 2007), 54 minutes.
    "Who is the monstrous regiment? Today, the feminists are our monstrous regiment!
    To promote a woman to bear rule, superiority, dominion, or empire above any realm, nation, or city, is repugnant to nature . . . A thing most contrary to His revealed will and approved ordinance. -- John Knox
    "The 16th century reformer John Knox wrote his famous tract THE FIRST BLAST OF THE TRUMPET AGAINST THE MONSTROUS REGIMENT OF WOMEN to oppose a notorious European female tyrant who sought to stamp out biblical Christianity in his beloved Scotland.
    "When we approach the issues of our day we wish to borrow his biblical perspective to apply his blast against those who rule in the wake of his monstrous queen. This group, we shall see, far surpasses the queen's iniquities in both kind and degree.
    "Feminists tell women not to submit to a husband, to avoid having children, and that they should listen to their inner voice and chase a career to find true fulfillment. This twisted and irrational teaching has led to disaster for American women, leading many into a frustrating, isolated existence. With this film, we call women back to a life filled with joy and beauty that can only be found by following God's Word.
    "Due to the subject matter this film is not suitable for children.
    "Subjects Covered: | Who was John Knox? | What did he think of women? | What is Feminism? | Feminism and Socialism | Daycare | Modesty | Women in the Military | Women in the Workplace | Margaret Sanger | Planned Parenthood | Abortion | Hillary | Birth Control | Betty Friedan | Rock For Choice | Plus 26 minutes of unique interview footage
    "Featuring: | Sharon Adams -- Historian, Edinburgh University | Jennie Chancey -- Ladies Against Feminism | Jane Doe -- Military Cadet | Carol Everett -- Former Abortion Provider | Dana Feliciano -- Homemaker | Carmon Friedrich -- Writer, Buried Treasure Books | F. Carolyn Graglia -- Author, Domestic Tranquility | Rosalind Marshall -- Knox Biographer | Stacey McDonald -- Author, Raising Maidens of Virtue | Phyllis Schlafly -- Eagle Forum | Denise Sproul -- Homemaker | Kathleen Smith -- Homemaker" -- Publisher

    Knox, John, (1505-1572), John Knox Debates Theonomy, Idolatry and Civil Resistance in the General Assembly of 1564. Available (singly or in WORKS OF JOHN KNOX on the Puritan Hard Drive. The full printed version of this text is free online. "Excerpted from Knox's THE HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION IN SCOTLAND, BOOK IV. From THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX, VOLUME 2, pages 425-461, collected and edited by David Laing, 1854."
    " 'Perhaps the most thoroughgoing Calvinist,' writes W. Stanford Reid in (Christian History, Vol. 5, No. 4), 'who took the teacher's (Calvin -- RB), ideas to their logical conclusions, was the Scot, John Knox.' This debate is a perfect example of Knox's consistent Calvinism. In fact one wonders about a person's claim to consistent Calvinism at all if he denies the sovereignty of God in the civil arena (i.e. by denying the applicability of the first table of the law, especially the first two commandments, to the realm of the civil magistrate -- along with their penal sanctions as displayed in the Judicial laws of the Old Testament). Knox certainly did not shrink back from the binding nature of the law on these points. He even openly proclaimed, in this debate, that the death penalty should be carried out against idolaters -- and this was in the context of debating the Queen's Mass and her favoring the idolatry of Romanism. With boldness like this, it is easy to see why it was said over Knox's open grave, 'here lies a man who neither flattered nor feared any flesh.' This debate shows conclusively that Knox was a theonomist, in the sense that he believed in the continuing binding validity of OT penal sanctions. Moreover it demonstrates that it is the duty of all ministers to preach that the civil magistrate is bound to uphold the law of God and promote and protect only the one true Reformed religion. Furthermore Knox argued, from the OT, that to tolerate public idolatry is to disobey God and bring a curse upon the land. Though Knox's REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM is his most important political writing, this debate displays the very same principles, as Knox applied them in 'the heat of battle,' against the queen's secretary, William Maitland of Lethington. This particular debate, as well as many other large sections, are edited out of THE HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION IN SCOTLAND as presently reprinted by The Banner of Truth Trust. However, this debate can also be found in the bound photocopy edition of volume 2 of KNOX'S WORKS or, with contemporary spelling and punctuation, in ON REBELLION (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1994, see page XX in this catalogue). Reid (Trumpeter of God, pp. 234-235), notes that 'the implications of this debate were far reaching' and that 'as far as Knox personally was concerned, this debate also marked a turning point in his career.' Also of great importance was the situation that occurred 'when Maitland quoted Luther, Musculus, Calvin, and others to support the requirement of absolute obedience, Knox replied that they either spoke in a situation in which they had no power to resist the ruler or they were refuting arguments of Anabaptists who rejected all civil government. Unfaithful rulers could therefore be removed by the people if they had the power to do so. In this position he was supported by John Craig, his colleague in St. Giles, and by most, although not all, of the other ministers.' (Reid, Trumpeter of God, p. 234). As present civil governments continue to promote defiance of the laws of 'the Prince of the kings of the Earth,' our great King the Lord Jesus Christ, these arguments will become more and more useful, among those who seek to obey the Lord in all matters." -- Publisher
    Reformation, Revolution and Romanism (1558), John Knox
    "This has been called John Knox's most important political writing. It also deals with Romanism, God's law and much more. "
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?currSection=sermonssource&sermonID=1030075041

    Palmer, Herbert, Scripture and Reason Pleaded for Defensive Arms, 1643. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "Herbert Palmer was a member of the Westminster Assembly. According to Thomas Smith in the book SELECT MEMOIRS OF THE LIVES, LABOURS, AND SUFFERINGS, OF THOSE PIOUS AND LEARNED ENGLISH AND SCOTTISH DIVINES . . . Palmer 'was for a presbyterian form of church government.' (p. 583). He became master of Queen's college, Cambridge, in 1644, and he knew the value of good books.
    "He endeavoured, by all means, to have the college library furnished with good authors; for which he readily gave himself, and excited others to give considerable sums. Moreover, certain dues, payable to the college, which had been formerly expended in feasting, he converted to the purchase of valuable books for the library." (p. 584)
    "This book by Palmer defends the Scriptural view that people can exercise their right to self-defense against tyrannical civil rulers, and was apparently written to defend the English Parliament's right to defend itself against the evil King Charles I.
    "Romans 13 is often misused to justify the authority of any existing civil ruler (even evil tyrants like Adolph Hitler and Saddam Hussein at times), and therefore condemn as unscriptural any resistance to him. But Palmer points out that such an argument is not the true meaning of the passage:

    In a word, till God's Ordinance can be proved allowing tyranny (which can never be), or undeniably ordaining a man to suffer it, which is no where in His Word (I mean the extremity of tyranny depriving of life, or so), though often it is so in His providence, when he affords no means of resistance: This text of the Apostle will no way condemn the resisting by arms tyrannous and illegal outrageous violences. (p. 5)
    "Romans 13 only condemns resistance to lawful magistrates, not tyrants. If Romans 13 granted scriptural protection to tyrants, then 'the blessed Ordinance of God in Magistracy shall turn to the greatest curse to mankind (the best and most conscientious of them), that can be imagined, in regard of outward sufferings, and general confusion.' (p. 6). In verse 4 of Romans 13 [Romans 13:4], the magistrate is described as 'the Minister of God to thee for good.' Palmer asks, 'But is this true of a tyrant bent to subvert Religion, Laws, and Liberties? Is he the Minister of God to thee for good? Or the Minister of his own lusts rather, for evil? Resistance of such an one then, is not the resistance the Apostle forbids, but of one who is the conservatour of Religion, for he, and he only is the Minister of God to thee for good.' (p. 9)
    "The power and authority of civil rulers is only legitimate when used for good.
    "I say then an absolute arbitrary power, or absolute Monarchy (as some call it), is not at all the Ordinance of GOD; and so no lawful power secured from resistance by Rom. 13:2 [Romans 13:2]. First GOD allows no man to rule as he list, to make what laws he list, to punish how and whom he list. But His Word speaks the contrary every where . . . [A civil ruler], hath no authority to bid what GOD forbids, or to forbid what GOD bids; or punish them that obey GOD rather than him." (pp. 51-52)
    "Resorting to armed resistance, however, is not to be undertaken unless all other avenues of redress have first been pursued."
    An open and public resistance by arms, is the last refuge under Heaven, of an oppressed, and endangered nation. Many injuries are to be let pass, while appearing but personal, not political, or designed as precedents. Jealousies are not to be suddenly taken up, nor too deeply taken in: And all possible means of redress and satisfaction is to be endeavoured before this course be taken." (p. 80) -- Publisher

    *Price, Greg L., Biblical Civil Government Versus the Beast; and, the Basis for Civil Resistance. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #26.
    "This is the best modern testimony for the biblical principles of civil magistracy -- which were so prominent during the height of the Second Reformation -- that we have seen. Price documents the teachings of many of the major Reformers (and some of the church fathers), and in an easy reading manner simplifies what can at times become a very complex subject. This particular Reformation message, proclaiming Christ's Kingship over the nations (and the practical outworking of the same), has been buried from the view of the general public for some time now, but is once again being brought to light in this very helpful introductory book. A sobering appendix has been added (written by a friend of the Covenanted Reformation), which shows why it is unlawful for a Christian to swear any oath to uphold and defend the U.S. Constitution. This appendix also compares the points of difference between classic (or historic), Reformed teaching and modern Reformed teaching regarding magistracy and religion. Special attention is given to the OPC, the PCA and the RPCNA and the changes that these groups have made to second Reformation confessional standards (concerning matters related to the civil magistrate). Statements by B.B. Warfield are also contrasted to the older Reformed views. You won't find a better easy-to-read and easy to understand introduction to this important topic -- a topic which impacts directly on every Christian's testimony for the crown rights of King Jesus!" -- Publisher
    "It is this author's contention that the modern churches have let go of this important piece of the faith [Christ's Kingship over the nations -- compiler], once for all delivered to the saints. Thereby they have delivered the church, not to kings as nursing fathers, but to the cruel civil domination of the enemies of the true religion, their sheep being taught that they must submit passively to every pretended civil authority as the ordinance of God. By this defection, these leaders of the flock have also undermined the magistracy, allowing and even encouraging wicked men to remove this blessed ordinance from its foundation in God its creator, and from its subjection to Christ His King, thereby directly opposing God's benevolent ends in instituting civil government: Thus have [they] made the commandment of God of none effect by [their] tradition. . . . teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. (Matthew 15:6,9). Furthermore, by their false teaching regarding civil government, they have made themselves guilty of the very sin of which we are often accused: opposing the ordinance of God. If this wasn't enough, however, consider that their sin is worse than that of the garden variety rebel, inasmuch as their opposition to God's institution is not so much practical as it is principal; and because of their position as teachers and guides of the flock of God. 'Be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation. . . . For we can do nothing against the truth, but for the truth.' (James 3:1; II Cor. 13:8 [2 Corinthians 13:8]) -- Greg Price, Biblical Civil Government Verses the Beast, p. 64
    Biblical Civil Government Versus the Beast; and, the Basis for Civil Resistance, Greg Price
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/BibCG_GP.htm
    Synopsis of Scriptural Magistracy and Evaluation of the U.S. Constitution, Appendix B: The United States Constitution: and Classic Verses Modern Reformed Teachings Concerning Magistracy and Religion in BIBLICAL CIVIL GOVERNMENT VERSUS THE BEAST; AND, THE BASIS FOR CIVIL RESISTANCE. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.

    Price, Greg L., Biblical Civil Rule Expounded (Micah 3:1-4), audio [audio file], series. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "Following in the footsteps of Samuel Rutherford, when he said, 'Truth to Christ cannot be treason to Caesar' LEX, REX, Price here demonstrates why Covenanters love lawful civil magistrates and why they can't own the authority of unlawful civil rulers. He also answers a number of questions on the Scriptural view of civil authority. What is a faithful civil magistrate? How do we recognize an unfaithful civil governor? Should a Christian vote in covenant breaking lands? How should we pray for lawful and unlawful civil rulers? Why should we distinguish between the office and the person in the office, and what does this mean? When should we consider an unjust ruler or government a tyrant and what should we do about tyranny? How does this relate to Reformation eschatology? Calvin, Rutherford, the Synod of Dort [Dordt], the Westminster Confession of Faith [1646], Diodati's Annotations, the Belgic Confession and many other Reformation standards and authors are cited to witness to the biblical position on civil rule. Objections against the biblical Reformation position are also answered, while Price shows the importance of faithful civil rulers to national and international Reformation." -- Publisher
    Micah 3:1-4 (#5) Biblical Civil Rule Expounded by Greg Price
    http://sphynx.idontknow.com/swrb/micah3-1-4-5.ram

    *Price, Greg L., Covenant Theology and its Implications. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #27 and #28.
    "An easy-to-understand introduction to the basics of Covenant Theology. Explains what Covenant Theology is, while adducing a number of practical and theological implications which must follow when this view of Scripture is adopted. Shows how Covenant Theology is (and was), foundational to all true Reformation. Refutes Dispensationalism. Includes overviews (with Scripture proofs), of the covenant of Redemption, the covenant of Works and the covenant of Grace. In short, Price proclaims the classic Reformed position on covenants (and the implications of covenant theology), as it has been declared in the best Reformed Confessions (e.g. The Westminster Confession of Faith [1646]) and in books like THE MARROW OF MODERN DIVINITY (by Fisher and Boston), THE COVENANT OF LIFE OPENED (by Samuel Rutherford), THE ARK OF THE COVENANT OPENED and THE ARK OF THE TESTAMENT OPENED by Patrick Gillespie and THE LIFE OF JUSTIFICATION OPENED (by John Brown of Wamphray). This is the best single tape sermon on Covenant Theology that we have knowledge of." -- Publisher
    Covenant Theology and its Implications a sermon by Greg Price
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=22801202653

    *Price, Greg L., The Extent of God's Law, Antichrist, Beastly Civil Governments, the Family, Christian Education, Contentment and the Eight Commandment, MP3. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "An amazing unfolding of the eighth commandment, as well as the rest of the decalogue, which includes numerous specific applications to various areas of thought and life (most relevant to the contemporary Christian). Price explains how to avoid the extremes of legalism and antinomianism, while expounding the classic Reformed view of the law as it applies to the individual, family, church and state." -- Publisher

    *Renwick, James (1662-1688), The Right of Dissent From an Immoral Civil Government. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #18, #26.
    "Maintains the hard-core covenanter position, the great principle of dissent and separation from immoral civil governments. Argues that mere existence does not qualify a civil government as the ordinance of God. (Romans 13:2). Answers common objections to this position, including how Joseph, Nehemiah and Daniel could hold office under immoral civil governments. Renwick was a hunted Covenanter minister, who was martyred (at 26 years of age), for his uncompromising defense of the work of covenanted reformation. Willson's book, CIVIL GOVERNMENT and Samuel B. Wylie's softcover book TWO SONS OF OIL: OR, THE FAITHFUL WITNESS FOR MAGISTRACY AND MINISTRY UPON A SCRIPTURAL BASIS, both give much lengthier defenses of this position." -- Publisher

    *Roberts, William Louis (1798-1864), The Duty of Nations, in Their National Capacity, to Acknowledge and Support the True Religion, 1853. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25.
    "Excerpted from THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CATECHISM below, this book deals with the inescapable necessity, of the demand found in the Word of God, for the Civil establishment of Christ as King and Lawgiver over every nation on earth. If you are sick of the cease-fire with humanism, set forth by the syncretistic, Satanic and pragmatic pagan politicians of our day (those who bargain with votaries of Antichrist [the Pope], publicly tolerate all manner of false religions (e.g. Islam), and idolatry, and comprise their policy and draw their pretended authority from the beast [and not the Word of God], this book is for you! For all pagan politics is summed up in the words of the Cameronian (Covenanter) political philosopher Alexander Shields, as 'rotting away under the destructive distempers of detestable neutrality, loathsome lukewarmness, declining, and decaying in corruptions, defections, divisions, distractions, confusions; and so judicially infatuated with darkness and delusions, that they forget and forego the necessary testimony of the day.' (A Hind let Loose, 1797 edition, p. 20). Pick up this book and begin the political walk in the 'footsteps of the flock,' traveling the covenanting road of Reformation and Scripture (with the magisterial Reformers of the past)!" -- Publisher
    On the Duty of Covenanting and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants, being section 11 in the Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, 1853, by William L. Roberts
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/PresCatCov.htm
    A Hind Let Loose; Or An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland. . . . by Mr. Alexander Shields, Minister of the Gospel, in St. Andrews
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/shields/
    A Hind let Loose: or, An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland, for the Interest of Christ: With the True State Thereof in all its Periods, Shields, Alexander
    http://archive.org/details/hindletlooseorhi00shie
    Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.
    http://archive.org/details/ReformedPresbyterianCatechism

    Sage, Bernard Janin, The Republic of Republics: Or, American Federal Liberty (Crown Rights Book Company, 2003, 1878).
    "This is one of the most comprehensive treatises ever published on the doctrine of State sovereignty and the inherent right of a State to secede from the Union. Written by an English barrister who was to have been one of Jefferson Davis' counsel in the treason trial which never occurred, this book compiles extensive quotations from the earliest American statesmen, both before and after the ratification of the Constitution in 1789, which prove beyond all argument that the American people were never organized into a consolidated democracy, but had existed in their colonial condition as separate political bodies and continued to do so after their independence from Great Britain. The author singles out the tortured logic of Webster and Lincoln for heavy criticism, and shows that allegiance and treason are terms which have no meaning constitutionally if not in reference to a sovereign State. Also included are nine lengthy appendices outlining the ordaining acts of the original thirteen States in the Union, the changes made to the Constitution by the Southern States in 1861, the original forms of the Tenth Amendment, a review of Alexander Stephens' CONSTITUTIONAL VIEW OF THE WAR BETWEEN THE STATES, etc." -- Crown Rights Books Company

    *Shields, Alexander (1660?-1700), A Hind Let Loose, or An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland for the Interest of Christ With the True State Thereof in all its Periods. Together with a Vindication of the Present Testimony Against Popish, Prelatical, and Malignant Enemies of That Church, as it is now Stated, for the Prerogatives of Christ, Privileges of the Church, and Liberties of Mankind; and Sealed by the Sufferings of a Reproached Remnant of Presbyterians There, Witnessing Against the Corruptions of the Time: Wherein Several Controversies of Greatest Consequence Are Enquired Into, and in Some Measure Cleared; Concerning Hearing of the Curates, Owning of the Present Tyranny, Taking of Ensnaring Oaths and Bonds, Frequenting of Field-Meetings, Defensive Resistance of Tyrannical Violence, With Several Other Subordinate Questions Useful for These Times, 1797, 1744, 1687. A Christian classic. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #2, #26.
    "First printed in 1687 (near the end of the 'killing times'), we have used the 1797 edition for this rare bound photocopy because all of the Latin has been translated into English (an obvious improvement for English readers). This rare Covenanter classic, concerning Calvinistic political philosophy and tactics of civil resistance, is comparable to Samuel Rutherford's LEX, REX; in fact it could rightly be referred to as 'Lex, Rex volume two.' It is solidly in the line of John Knox's teachings on civil disobedience and addresses numerous topics that are relevant to today's Christian. 'In A HIND LET LOOSE, Shields justified the Camerionian resistance to royal absolutism and the divine right of kings. He argued that government is divinely ordained, but the people are entitled to bring a king to judgement for wrongdoing. Parliament is commissioned by the people to oversee the nation's affairs, but the compact between the people and their rulers does not entail a forfeiture of the people's power to depose tyrants and confer authority on someone else. Government is by consent, and must justify itself to the consciences of the people. God has given men the right of self defence, and this extends to a right not only passively to resist, but also to kill relentless persecutors' writes Isbell in the DICTIONARY OF SCOTTISH CHURCH HISTORY AND THEOLOGY, p. 773.
    "Controversial chapter titles include: 'Concerning Owning of Tyrants Authority;' 'Defensive Arms Vindicated;' 'Of Extraordinary Execution of Judgement by Private Men;' and 'Refusing to Pay Wicked Taxation Vindicated.' This book sets forth the Crown rights of King Jesus, against all usurpers in both church and state, giving a history of some of faithful sufferings endured by the elect, in maintaining this truth. It bears testimony against 'the popish, prelatical and malignant enemies' of Christ and proclaims the only true basis of liberty for mankind. 'The matter is argued with a vast abundance of Biblical illustration, and with much reference to Reformation and Puritan divines. It should be consulted, if practicable, by all who wish fully to understand the inner spirit of the Covenanting Movement,' writes Purves in FAIR SUNSHINE. (p. 202). Isbell interestingly notes that Shields was once 'amanuensis to the English Puritan John Owen'." -- Publisher
    A Hind Let Loose; Or An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland. . . . by Mr. Alexander Shields, Minister of the Gospel, in St. Andrews
    http://www.truecovenanter.com/shields/
    A Hind let Loose: or, An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland, for the Interest of Christ: With the True State Thereof in all its Periods, Shields, Alexander
    http://archive.org/details/hindletlooseorhi00shie
    The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
    http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

    Wagner, Michael, A Presbyterian Political Manifesto: Presbyterianism and Civil Government. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1 and #25.
    "Philosophical considerations alone should not be considered sufficient to prove that an establishment of religion is a moral obligation. For Christians only the Bible can be accepted as the foundation for any belief, not only those beliefs related to 'spiritual' matters, but also those related to political issues. The critical question, then, for Christians is, 'Does the Bible teach the necessity of the establishment of the Christian religion?' The Bible does indeed demonstrate the need for an establishment of Christianity, and the Old Testament in particular provides the Biblical basis for the concept of an established church. In Old Testament times there was a pervasive cooperation between church and state, and that pattern was not abrogated in the New Testament.
    "In the New Testament the passage with the most explicit teaching on civil government is probably Romans 13. In that chapter it is explained that political rulers 'are ordained of God' (v. 1); 'they are God's ministers' (v. 6), who must reward good and punish evil (vv. 3-4). This raises an important question: by what standard is the ruler to distinguish 'good' from 'evil?' Clearly, that standard can only be the Bible. How can rulers be God's ministers and yet not rule according to God's will? In other words, Romans 13: 1-6 teaches not only that God has instituted civil government, but also that the rulers must govern according to the Word of God. The Bible is not only the exclusive rule of faith and practice for the church, but also for the state. With the Bible being the standard for the civil authorities, it is unmistakable that Christianity is the foundation of the law order, i.e., the established religion in this sense. Romans 13, then, at least in a general way, teaches the necessity of the establishment of Christianity.
    "At this point it is important to be more specific about what is being proposed as the Biblical concept of established religion. The Bible teaches a cooperation between church and state that has been variously called the 'Scottish Theory of Ecclesiastical Establishments' (Smeaton 1875), the 'Establishment Principle' (Brown n.d., 1), and other similar terms.
    "The Establishment Principle, or the Principle of the National Recognition of Religion maintains the scriptural view of the universal supremacy of Christ as King of Nations as well as King of saints, with the consequent duty of nations as such, and civil rulers in their official capacity, to honour and serve Him by recognizing His Truth and promoting His cause (Brown n.d., 1).
    "As William Cunningham explains it, 'an obligation lies upon nations and their rulers to have respect, in the regulation of their national affairs, and in the application of national resources, to the authority of God's word, to the welfare of the church of Christ, and the interests of true religion' ([1882] 1991a, 391). What is being maintained here is that the true church of Christ, and the civil authorities (both in submission to their common Lord), have as their goal the promotion of God's glory and true Christianity, and that they should work together for the promotion of this common goal. On the one hand, they should be allied together, but on the other hand, they should remain completely sovereign in their respective jurisdictions."
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualNLs/presbpol.htm

    *Willson, James McLeod (1809-1866), Civil Government: An Exposition of Romans 13:1-7 (1853), ISBN: 0524079293 9780524079294. Alternate title: THE ESTABLISHMENT AND LIMITS OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT: AN EXPOSITION OF ROMANS 13:1-7. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #25. Available in THE DEACON: AN INQUIRY INTO THE NATURE, DUTIES AND EXERCISE OF THE OFFICE OF DEACON, IN THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH.
    "Does the Bible give any qualifications for Christians to judge whether or not a given civil magistrate is a lawful or unlawful 'power' in the eyes of God? Does the very existence of a civil 'power' (say Hitler's Nazi state), make them a legitimate government according to Romans 13? Or, can a civil government obtain its 'power' from 'the beast' -- as some 'churches' do? Should civil 'authorities' be judged according to the secret or revealed will of God? This is a fine piece of exegetical work, well nigh irrefutable, arguing that God has given clear revelation regarding the lawfulness and unlawfulness of any given civil magistrate. Willson's Scriptural conclusion will surprise many, anger not a few, and, we believe, be found honoring to God. Though the book is easy reading, these are deep waters with implications that are among the most far reaching. It is a very controversial publication based on the idea that 'unholy republics refuse to acknowledge Him (Christ) as Lord of all.' This failure to covenant with Christ, as nations, exposes the fact that these national governments are the enemies of Christ (as with the individual or church who will not covenant with Christ). They are thus in violation of the first commandment and therefore treasonous usurpers who will not have the one true king to rule over them. Their laws and actions bare this out, as they refuse to rule by the law of God, but rather, as dupes of Satan, rule by their own autonomous standards. And, though it is their duty to be a terror to evil and promote the good, they, in the main, do the opposite. They protect and support murders (e.g. abortionists), continence and permit perversity (e.g. homosexuality, pornography, etc.), and take no action to establish the Reformed faith (but rather extend constitution rights to all manner of cults, sectarians, satanists and Roman Catholics) -- to name but a few of the more obvious areas of government rebellion against King Jesus. Willson's father's application of the principles put forth in this book are found just below as they related to the United States government specifically. Knox, Rutherford and Gillespie would be proud!" -- Publisher
    Civil Government: An Exposition of Romans 13:1-7
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2016/6/2/civil-government-an-eexposition-of-romans-xiii-1-7

    *Willson, James McLeod (1809-1866), The Subjection of Kings and Nations to Messiah, 1820. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #13, #29.
    "A lengthy sermon of 64 pages preached Dec. 6, 1819. Based on the text: All Kings shall bow down before him: all nations shall serve him. (Psalm 72:11). Maintains that this text refers to a commanded duty, concerning Christ not Solomon, and should be translated Let all kings bow down before him: Let all nations serve him. Explains this national duty, inquires as to how it is to be nationally preformed, then proceeds to make practical application of the subject. Shows that nations have a duty, as nations, to bind themselves to Christ by covenant, to consecrate themselves to Him, to swear allegiance to Him (as their King and Lord), and to obey all His holy law! Furthermore, Willson maintains that it is a great sin for nations to remain in rebellion against Christ by not performing these duties. He also demonstrates how and why a high-handed sin of this nature brings corporate guilt upon the nation. Moreover, this sin provokes God to wrath (as seen in an escalation of national calamities), until the day, barring repentance, that the national 'cup of wrath' overflows. Also contains helpful direction regarding the individual's social responsibility as a Christian in times of national corporate defection from Christ's crown and covenant (i.e in times exactly like those that we live in)." -- Publisher
    The Subjection of Kings and Nations to Messiah, 1820
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/18/james-r-willsons-sermon-on-subjection-of-kings-and-nations-to-messiah

    *Wylie, Samuel B. (1773-1852), The Two Sons of Oil; or, The Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis (1850 edition, reprinted 1995). A Christian classic. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #13, #26.
    "A Covenanter classic opening Revelation 11:3-4 and Zechariah 4:14. It has been hailed as the 'best presentation of the position of the Covenanter Church that has been written.' Noting that the 'time has been, when the whole body of Presbyterians, in Scotland, England, and Ireland, unanimously subscribed' to these principles, 'for civil and ecclesiastical reformation' and that thousands bled and died for the glorious covenanted cause of civil and ecclesiastical reformation; Wylie sets out to explain and defend 'that cause. Not because it is an ancient cause; not because many have sealed it with their blood; but, because,' as he says, 'I thought it the doctrine of the Bible, and the cause of Christ.' This book explains how to tell if a government (especially a civil government), is faithful to Christ and thus to be obeyed for conscience's sake. It also gives direction regarding when and how to resist (and disassociate), yourself from governments which get their power from 'the beast.' Moreover, this book gives clear testimony as to what the Bible requires of civil magistrates, noting 'that civil rulers should exercise their power in protecting and defending the religion of Jesus.' It also gives plain reasons why dissent from the government of the United States (and other covenant breaking nations), is the legitimate Scriptural pattern." -- Publisher
    The Two Sons of Oil; or, the Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis, Samuel B. Wylie
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualNLs/two-sons-of-oil.htm
    The two Sons of oil, or, The faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry Upon a Scriptural Basis (1850),
    Samuel Brown Wylie and James McLeod Willson
    http://archive.org/details/twosonsofoilorfa00wylirich

    See also: The mediatorial reign of christ and the crown rights of christ, Christianity and democracy, The utter failure of the u.s. constitution as a social deed of covenant, Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, The application of scripture to the corporate bodies of church and state, Covenanting in america, The christian foundation of america, and so forth, and so on.
    TCRB5: 2551

    Related WebLinks

    Civil Government, Civil Resistance, God's Law, etc.
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/freebook/civgov.htm

    Reformation Civil Government, Reg Barrow. Available on CD 1-30, the Reformation Bookshelf 30 CD Set, ISBN: 0921148674 9780921148678.
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualnls/RefCG_RB.htm

    Reformed Presbytery in North America (RPNA, and related books and documents on Presbyterian Reformed teaching)
    http://www.swrb.com/Puritan/reformed-presbytery-rpna.htm

    Samuel Rutherford (Covenanter and Westminster Divine)
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/freebook/sruther.htm


    The Christian and Politics, a series of addresses by C. Gregg Singer (1910-1999), delivered about 1984.

    The Christian and Politics #01: The Christian Heritage of America (English Background)
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=1270518267

    The Christian and Politics #02: The Christian Heritage of America (American Background)
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=1270518276

    The Christian and Politics #03: The Essence of Our Christian Heritage
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12705182811

    The Christian and Politics #04: Enemies of our Christian Heritage #1
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12705182945

    The Christian and Politics #05: Enemies of our Christian Heritage #2
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12705183035

    The Christian and Politics #06: The Effects of Deism and Democracy on our Christian Heritage
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12705183120

    The Christian and Politics #07: Evaluating Political Positions in Light of the Sovereign Word of God #1
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12705183227

    The Christian and Politics #08: Evaluating Political Positions in Light of the Sovereign Word of God #2
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12705183324

    The Christian and Politics #09: The Place of Biblical Law in our Society #1
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12705183429

    The Christian and Politics #10: The Place of Biblical Law in Our Society #2
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12705183645

    The Christian and Politics #11: Summary
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=12705183720



    Reformation Eschatology

    Adams, Jay E.,
    I Will Tell Thee the Mystery: A Study in Biblical Eschatology.
    "A vigorous defense of the amillennial system of interpretation. Commendable for its positive statement of the Reformed position." -- Cyril J. Barber

    *Brown, David, (1803-1897), Christ's Second Coming, will it be Millennial? ISBN: 0801008336 9780801008337. A Christian classic. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #13.
    "Brown (1803-1897), is the Brown of the Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary. He was a director of the National Bible Society of Scotland.
    "This book is post-millennial, and it is considered by most post-mil believers as a classic. Especially it is seen as completely demolishing the pre-mil position, including, of course, the dispensational view. . . ." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.

    *Crenshaw, Curtis, and Glover Gunn, Dispensationalism: Today, Yesterday and Tomorrow.
    "The . . . book is written from a covenantal, Reformed position. The authors reached that point from dispensational training simply by letting the Scripture speak for itself, as they were led by the Spirit. The book should serve as a standard in understanding and dealing with dispensationalism. It shows what is wrong with the system, and how untrue is its claim of fidelity to Scripture." -- Joseph M. Canfield

    *Durham, James (1622-1658), A Complete Commentary Upon the Book of Revelation, 1799, 2 volumes. Alternate title: A COMMENTARY UPON THE BOOK OF THE REVELATION, WHEREIN THE TEXT IS EXPLAINED, THE SERIES OF THE SEVERAL PROPHECIES CONTAINED IN THAT BOOK DEDUCED ACCORDING TO THEIR ORDER AND DEPENDENCE UPON EACH OTHER, THE PERIODS AND SUCCESSION OF TIMES, AT, OR ABOUT WHICH, THESE PROPHECIES, THAT ARE ALREADY FULFILLED, BEGAN TO BE, AND WERE MORE FULLY ACCOMPLISHED, FIXED AND APPLIED ACCORDING TO HISTORY, AND THOSE THAT ARE YET TO BE FULFILLED, MODESTLY, AND SO FAR AS IS WARRANTABLE, INQUIRED INTO. TOGETHER WITH SOME PRACTICAL OBSERVATION, AND SEVERAL DIGRESSIONS (AN INDEX WHEREOF IS PREFIXED), NECESSARY FOR VINDICATING, CLEARING, AND CONFIRMING MANY WEIGHTY AND IMPORTANT TRUTHS. DELIVERED IN SEVERAL LECTURES, TO WHICH IS AFFIXED A BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE WHOLE REVELATION, WITH AN ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF THE CHIEF AND PRINCIPAL PURPOSES AND WORDS CONTAINED IN THIS COMMENTARY, 1680. Second alternate title: A LEARNED AND COMPLETE COMMENTARY UPON THE BOOK OF THE REVELATION. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #14.
    "In 1779, in their TESTIMONY AND WARNING AGAINST THE BLASPHEMIES AND IDOLATRY OF POPERY, the Reformed Presbytery called Durham's COMPLETE COMMENTARY . . . ON THE BOOK OF REVELATION 'the best exposition of that book that has yet been published.' (p. 61n). Had they had the privilege of reading Steele's NOTES ON THE APOCALYPSE we are quite certain that they would have given it a similar endorsement. . . .
    " 'After all that has been written it would not be easy to find a more sensible and instructive work than this old-fashioned exposition . . . the mystery of the Gospel fills it with sweet savour' writes Spurgeon of this work." (cited in Johnston, Treasury of the Scottish Covenant, p. 318 -- Publisher
    Steele, David (1803-1887), Notes on the Apocalypse
    http://archive.org/details/notesonapocalyps00stee
    Steele, David (1803-1887), Notes on the Apocalypse
    http://archive.org/details/notesontheapocal14485gut

    Fleming, Robert, The Rise and Fall of the Papacy, ISBN: 0837083397 9780837083391. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #14.
    "Originally published in 1701. The first of these discourses has been the most celebrated. It arrested public notice, and awakened the interest of Europe. After laying down the principle upon which the author conceived the Apocalypse should be interpreted, he explained the pouring out of the fourth vial with reference to anti-Christian France, fixing 1794 as the date of the expiration of the vial. When the French Revolution took place it was then remembered that it had been so predicted by a forgotten Scottish pastor. The work was reprinted both in England and America, translated into different languages, and once more fell out of sight till the revolution of 1848 led to a fresh perusal. Referring to Italy, the author wrote: 'The Fifth vial, which is to be poured out upon the seat of the Beast will probably begin about 1794 and expire about the year 1848.' The downfall of the Papacy, according to Fleming, is going on; the Mohammedan Antichrist will follow, and about A.D. 2000 (Jewish reckoning, about 2017 on the Julian calendar -- RB), the millennial epoch will begin. In that memorable year (1848) the Pope was compelled to become a fugitive from Rome; and it was certainly a striking coincidence.' (Johnston, Treasury of the Scottish Covenant, 371). 'A reprint,' wrote The Patriot, 'of one of the most remarkable and sagacious works extant on the subject of unfulfilled prophecy, deserving a perusal as a succinct, learned, and eminently devout exposition of the Apocalypse.' Reprinted without abridgement from the 1701 edition." -- Publisher

    Mason, Archibald, The Fall of Babylon the Great, by the Agency of Christ, and Through the Instrumentality of His Witnesses: In Four Discourses, 1821. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #14.
    "This book is made up of six sermons and one lengthy lecture. The first two sermons (on Rev. 8:5 [Revelation 8:5]), deal with 'Christ the Mediatorial Angel, Casting the Fire of Divine Judgments Into the Earth.' The next two sermons (on Rev. 11:6 [Revelation 11:6]), treat 'Christ's Two Witnesses Smiting the anti-Christian Earth With All Plagues, As Often As They Will.' The first four sermons cover 112 pages. These works are followed with 'Remarks on the Sixth Vial, Symbolizing the Fall of the Turkish Empire' on Rev. 16:12 [Revelation 16:12], (24 pages), 'Remarks on the Seventh Vial, Symbolizing the Fall of Popery and Despotism' Rev. 16:17 [Revelation 16:17], and 21:5,6 [Revelation 21:5,6], (24 pages), and the final discourse, 'Observations on the Public Covenants Between God and the Church' (104 pages), taking off from, 'They are turned back to the iniquities of their forefathers, which refused to hear my words; and they went after other gods to serve them: the house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken my covenant which I made with their fathers' (Jer. 11:10 [Jeremiah 11:10]). David Steele, in his classic NOTES ON THE APOCALYPSE includes Mason among his list of 'distinguished and approved interpreters of the book of Revelation'." -- Publisher

    *M'Leod (McLeod), Alexander, (1773-1833), Lectures Upon the Principal Prophecies of the Revelation, 1814. Alternate title: WHO IS ANTICHRIST (666) OR, LECTURES UPON THE PRINCIPAL PROPHECIES OF THE REVELATION, 1814. A Christian classic. Considered to be among the ten greatest books in the English language. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #12.
    "M'Leod, a Reformed Presbyterian, here defends (in 480 pages), classic historicist Reformation eschatology from the book of Revelation. David Steele, in his massive NOTES ON THE APOCALYPSE commends this work numerous times. Steele writes, 'the best works to be obtained as helps to understand the prophetic parts of scripture, will be found in the labors of those who, from age to age, have obeyed the gracious call of Christ' -- who have 'come out from mystic Babylon,' from the Romish communion, from the mother and her harlot daughters, and who have associated more or less intimately with the witnesses. Among these may be consulted with profit the works of Durham, Mason and M'Leod (p. 312). The late Rev. Alexander M'Leod, D.D., who had the works of learned predecessors before him, has successfully corrected many of their misinterpretations in his valuable publication, entitled LECTURES UPON THE PRINCIPAL PROPHECIES OF THE REVELATION. At the time when he wrote that work, he possessed several advantages in aid of his own expositions. He had access to the most valuable works which had been issued before that date (1814). He was then in the vigor of youthful manhood; and he was also comparatively free from the trammels which in attempts to expound the Apocalypse, have cramped the energies of many a well disciplined mind, political partialities. At the time of these profound studies, he occupied a position 'in the wilderness,' from which as a stand point, like John in Patmos, he could most advantageously survey the passing scenes of providence with the ardor of youthful emotion, and with unsullied affection for his divine master . . . expressing my obligations to the Doctor's labors, to whose system of interpretation as well as to most of his details, I cheerfully give my approbation in preference to all other expositors whose works it has been in my power to consult (pp. 317-19). Doctor M'Leod and Mr. Faber I consider among the best expositors of the prophecies on which they severally wrote . . . On material points they have shed much light where those who preceded them left the reader in darkness, or involved him in perplexing labyrinths. Faber preceded M'Leod, and the latter availed himself of all the aid furnished by the former; yet till the 'mystery of God shall be finished,' his people will be receiving accessions of light from the 'sure word of prophecy.' (p. 321). I can again cordially recommend to his attention the LECTURES of Doctor M'Leod, as the best exposition of those parts of the Apocalypse of which he treats, that has come under my notice.' (p. 324). But Steele is not shy about pointing out that 'the principal defect pervading the LECTURES, and one which most readers will be disposed to view in an opposite light, appears to be, a charity too broad, a catholicity too expansive, to be easily reconciled with a consistent position among the mystic witnesses. Their author, however, deriving much information from the learned labors of English prelates on prophecy, could not 'find in his heart' to exclude them from a place in the honorable roll of the witnesses. I am unable to recognize any of those who are in organic fellowship with the 'eldest daughter of Popery,' as entitled to rank among those who are symbolized as 'clothed in sackcloth.' The two positions and fellowships appear to be obviously incompatible and palpably irreconcilable. It is true that there have been and still are in the English establishment divines who are strictly evangelical; but the reigning Mediator views and treats individuals, as he views and treats the moral person with which individuals freely choose to associate; and we ought to have the mind of Christ. (1 Cor. 2:16 [1 Corinthians 2:16], pp. 322-23, bold emphases added throughout). Notwithstanding a few shortcomings, this is probably the best book available (at present), on the book of Revelation." -- Publisher
    Lectures Upon the Principal Prophecies of the Revelation, Alexander McLeod [M'Leod]
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/17/alexander-mcleods-lectures-on-the-principal-prophecies-of-revelation

    *Murray, Iain, The Puritan Hope: A Study in Revival and the Interpretation of Prophesy, ISBN: 085151247X.
    "Murray is an English pastor, founder of, and currently CEO of Banner of Truth Trust.
    "If you are in any way interested in Puritan thought, revival or the interpretation of prophecy, you will probably find this book to be delightful reading. Iain Murray has gathered copious quotations documenting the source and strength of one of the great movements in Church history. The footnotes, which would almost make an interesting small booklet in themselves, run for 21 pages.
    "The Puritans were an intelligent and scholarly people, who's hope was solidly based upon the exegesis of Scripture. Their optimistic interpretation of prophecy, mingled with their strong assertion of the sovereignty of God, led to many desirable and godly consequences. . . ." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    "A postmillennial treatment of missions, evangelism, the Puritans, and eschatology. Interesting and instructive. In our day this eschatological view is gaining ground. Men such as Hodge, Warfield, Edwards, and John Murray have held the same view." -- GCB
    Murray "explains how and why the Puritans came to their eschatological beliefs; how these were perverted, primarily in modern times, by men like Edward Irving and J.N. Darby; why we've stopped thinking critically about these theories; and how we must recapture the confident expectation of Christ's triumphant end-time revival of Gentiles, then all Israel, before his return in glory. Excellent and thought-provoking." -- Reader's Comment
    The Puritan Hope, Iain Murray
    http://www.revival-library.org/catalogues/puritan/murrayi-puritanhope/contents.htm

    *Steele, David (1803-1887), Notes on the Apocalypse, ISBN: 0978098706 9780978098704. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #14.
    "In 1779, in their TESTIMONY AND WARNING AGAINST THE BLASPHEMIES AND IDOLATRY OF POPERY, the Reformed Presbytery called Durham's COMPLETE COMMENTARY . . . ON THE BOOK OF REVELATION 'the best exposition of that book that has yet been published.' (p. 61n). Had they had the privilege of reading Steele's NOTES ON THE APOCALYPSE we are quite certain that they would have given it a similar endorsement. Though written in a different style than Durham's work, Steele's NOTES ON REVELATION may be even more valuable in many respects, Steele having taken a more decided position 'in the wilderness.' Steele also had the benefit of many more resources, having written over two centuries later. Steele's aim in writing this book is made clear in his own words taken from the preface,

    "As this work is intended for the instruction and edification of the unlearned, rather than for the entertainment of the learned, words of foreign extract are used as seldom as possible. Practical remarks and reflections are rarely introduced; the principal aim being simply to ascertain and present to the reader the mind of the Holy Spirit. How far this object has been accomplished, is of course left to the judgment of the honest inquirer. The reader, however, in forming his judgment of the value of these NOTES, may be reminded of that inspired rule in searching the Scriptures, 'Comparing spiritual things with spiritual.' To assist him in the application of this divine rule, many chapters and verses are quoted from other parts of the Bible, but especially within the Apocalypse itself; that by concentrating the various rays upon particular texts or symbols, their intrinsic light may be rendered more luminous. Thus the interpretation given, if correct, may be confirmed and illustrated.
    "Appendices include a section on, The New Jerusalem, The Antichrist, The Image of the Beast, The Beast's 'deadly wound,' The Little Book, The Death of the Witnesses, The Mark of the Beast, The First Resurrection, The Identity of the Two Witnesses, Sounding of the Seventh Trumpet and The Title of this Book (i.e. the Book of Revelation -- RB). This work also includes various 'animadversions on the interpretations (of Revelation -- RB), of several among the most learned and approved expositors of Britain and America'."
    "Comments on this work include the four given below, all which were given without the solicitation or knowledge of the author. The Evangelical Repository notes,
    the author adduces a greater number of Scriptural illustrations than any other writer on prophecy we ever met with.
    "Hutcheson writes,
    I can recommend it to any person as condensing the best thoughts to be had on the subject.
    "Brooks says,
    I have derived more knowledge of the Apocalypse from this work than from all other expositions which I have consulted.
    "And finally, John Cunningham comments,
    It is neither a dictionary nor concordance; neither a confession of faith, nor an encyclopedia, but a thesaurus of Theology, embodying the characters of all these.
    "Steele dedicated this work to John Cunningham, author of THE ORDINANCE OF COVENANTING." -- Publisher
    Notes on the Apocalypse, David Steele
    "A commentary on the entire book of Revelation from an historicist and postmillennial perspective incorporating the insights of Covenanting principles and a concern for the standards of the Reformed Presbyterian church." -- Publisher
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/17/david-steeles-notes-on-the-apocalypse
    Steele, David (1803-1887), Notes on the Apocalypse
    http://archive.org/details/notesonapocalyps00stee
    Steele, David (1803-1887), Notes on the Apocalypse
    http://archive.org/details/notesontheapocal14485gut

    See also: Revelation (the book of), Selection of covenant heads for positions of leadership, and so forth, and so on.

    Related WebLinks

    Reformation Eschatology at Still Waters Revival Books
    http://www.swrb.com/Puritan/reformation-eschatology.htm



    The Restoration of the Jews

    For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural branches, be graffed into their own olive tree?
    For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in. And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written,
    There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.
    As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers' sakes. For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance.
    (Romans 11:24-29)

    Nothing is more certainly foretold than this national conversion of the Jews in Romans 11. -- Jonathan Edwards (Works, p. 607)

    Here is the clearest attestation that the blindness of the Jews will yet cease, not only as to individuals, but as to the body. -- Robert Haldane, commenting on Romans 11:25

    Faber, George S., A Dissertation on the Prophecies, That Have Been Fulfilled, Are now Fulfilling, or Will Hereafter be Fulfilled Relative to the Great Period of 1260 Years; The Papal and Mohammedan Apostacies; The Tyrannical Reign of Antichrist, or the Infidel Power; and the Restoration of the Jews (1811), 2 volumes. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #14.
    "Defends classic historicist postmillennialism and its position relative to the 1260 year period mentioned in Scripture.
    "In the author's words,

    Treats of a subject peculiarly interesting to every serious Protestant: for the famous period of 1260 prophetic days, so frequently mentioned by Daniel and St. John, comprehends the tyrannical reign of those three great opponents of the Gospel: Popery, Mohammedism, and Infidelity. This period indeed may not improperly be styled the permitted hour of the powers of darkness; since the Church is represented as being in an afflicted and depressed state during the whole of its continuance, and since its expiration will be marked by a signal display of the judgments of God upon his enemies and by the commencement of a new and happy order of things.
    "Understanding the Reformation position on eschatology, as it is set forth in this work, gives us great insight as to why the Romanists (i.e. the Jesuits in particular), were so intent on planting both Preterism (Alcasar, c. 1615), and Futurism (Ribera, c. 1585), among the Protestants." -- Publisher

    Schlissel, Steve, and David Brown, Hal Lindsey and the Restoration of the Jews. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #23.
    Foreword by Steve Schlissel, "The Reformed Faith and the Jews." Includes THE RESTORATION OF THE JEWS: THE HISTORY, PRINCIPLES, AND BEARINGS OF THE QUESTION by David Brown.
    Includes bibliography.

    See also: The sovereignty of god, The doctrine of man (human nature, total depravity), The sovereign grace of god: his everlasting mercy and lovingkindness, and so forth, and so on.

    Related WebLinks

    The Restoration and Conversion of the Jews, sermon no. 582, preached on Thursday evening, June 16, 1864, by the Rev. C.H. Spurgeon at The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington
    http://www.spurgeongems.org/vols10-12/chs582.pdf

    The Restoration of the Jews: An Extract from Herman Witsius (1806), Herman Witsius. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #14.

    Israel Turns To Christ, The Restoration of the Jews (Micah Series, Micah 4:4-6), (1/2), an audio file, Greg Price.
    Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #14.

    Israel Turns To Christ, The Restoration of the Jews (Micah Series, Micah 4:6-8), (2/2), an audio file, Greg Price.
    Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #14.



    The Christian Foundation of America, Colonial History

    Whereas, we all came into these parts of America with one and the same end and aim, to advance the Kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to enjoy the liberties of the Gospel in purity and peace. -- The New England Confederation, May 19, 1643

    A French political philosopher by the name of Alexis de Tocqueville came to America to find out what was the source of America's greatness and goodness. He searched everywhere. He looked at our matchless Constitution, he looked at the abundant natural resources, in our schools and, as he looked there, he concluded they were not the source of America's greatness. And he wrote, "When I went into the churches of America and heard her pulpits aflame with righteousness . . ." then did he recognize the source of our genius and power. And he wrote that "America is great because America is good. And if she ever ceases to be good, she will cease to be great." And it's Christianity that has provided the foundation, the principles, the character in the heart of the people that have produced America's goodness and greatness. -- Steven McDowell

    It cannot be emphasized too strongly, or too often, that this great nation was founded, not by religionists, but by Christians; not on religions, but on the Gospel of Jesus Christ! -- Patrick Henry

    True, the state as the policeman can be corrupt; in fact, if the society as a whole is corrupt, the state will also be corrupt. In a healthy and godly society, the state will function successfully to restrain the minority of evil-doers. The key to the situation is not the state but the religious health of the society. -- Rousas John Rushdoony, in Institutes of Biblical Law, p. 470

    Adair, John Eric, Puritans: Religion and Politics in Seventeenth-century England and America, ISBN: 0750919507 9780750919500 075092117X 9780750921176. Revised edition of FOUNDING FATHERS: PURITANS IN ENGLAND AND AMERICA. ISBN: 0460044214 9780460044219.
    "First published in Great Britain in 1982 this book is a major contribution in the area of Puritanism. Over 300 pages with some pictures of various Puritans." -- GCB

    Alexander, Archibald, (1772-1851), Biographical Sketches of the Founder and Principal Alumni of the Log College: Together With an Account of the Revivals of Religion Under Their Ministry, ISBN: 0851510043 9780851510040. Alternate title: THE LOG COLLEGE: BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF WILLIAM TENNENT AND HIS STUDENTS.
    Biographical Sketches of the Founder and Principal Alumni of the Log College
    http://archive.org/details/biographicalske00alexgoog

    Balfour, Robert G., Presbyterianism in the Colonies, 1899.

    Bayne, Peter, The Chief Actors in the Puritan Revolution, 1878.

    Belcher, Joseph, and George Whitefield, George Whitefield: A Biography.
    Making of America Project, George Whitefield
    http://www.archive.org/details/georgewhitefield00belciala

    Black, George Fraser, Scotland's Mark on America, ISBN: 1406913782.
    Ranke, the German historian, declared that "Calvin was the founder of the American Government;" and Gulian C. Verplanck of New York (1786-1870), in a public address, traced the origin of our Declaration of Independence to the National Covenant of Scotland. Chief Justice Tilghman (1756-1827), stated that the framers of the Constitution of the United States were through the agency of Dr. Witherspoon much indebted to the standards of the Presbyterian Church of Scotland in molding that instrument.
    Project Gutenberg's Scotland's Mark on America
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/15162/15162-8.txt

    *Boller, Paul, George Washington and Religion.
    "Was George Washington an evangelical Christian? The debate has raged for over two centuries. Paul Boller looks at Washington's spiritual life from the perspective of an evangelical, not a skeptic, and concludes that in all likelihood he was not a born-again Christian. The questionable motives and methods of Washington's earliest biographers are examined." -- Publisher

    *Bradford, William (1588-1657), Of Plymouth Plantation: 1620-1647, ISBN: 0075542811. A Christian classic.
    The journal of William Bradford.
    "A remarkable work by a man who himself was something of a marvel. It remains one of the most readable seventeenth-century American books, attractive to us as much for its artfulness as for its high seriousness, the work of a good storyteller with intelligence and wit." -- Publisher
    History of Plymouth Plantation, 1620-1647 (1912), William Bradford
    http://archive.org/details/historyplymouth00socigoog

    Bremer, Francis J., Puritan Crisis: New England and the English Civil Wars, 1630-1670, ISBN: 082406173X 9780824061739.

    Broadbent, E.H., The Pilgrim Church, ISBN: 0720806771 9780720806779.

    Brown, John (of Haddington? 1722-1787), and Charles Whymper, The Pilgrim Fathers of New England and Their Puritan Successors.
    "A rare and detailed study of the lives of those once obscure men whose love of Biblical principle and unselfish loyalty to liberty gave birth to American self-government based on the Laws of God." -- Publisher
    Includes bibliography.

    *Brutus, Junius (attributed to Philippe Duplessis-Mornay [1549-1623] and sometimes to Hubert Languet [1518-1581]), A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants, ISBN: 0921148453. Alternate title: VINDICIAE, CONTRA TYRANNOS: OR, CONCERNING THE LEGITIMATE POWER OF A PRINCE OVER THE PEOPLE, AND OF THE PEOPLE OVER A PRINCE, Hubert Languet (author) [also attributed to Stephanus Junius Brutus a pseudonym for Philippe Duplessis-Mornay], George Garnett (editor), ISBN: 0521342090 9780521342094. This [ISBN: 0921148453] is a reprint of a 1689 edition of this work, which was originally written in 1579. A Christian classic. Available [ISBN: 0921148453] on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available [ISBN: 0921148453] on Reformation Bookshelf CD #26.
    "Piety commands that the law and church of God be maintained. Justice requires that tyrants and destroyers of the commonwealth be compelled to reason. Charity challenges the right of relieving and restoring the oppressed. Those who make no account of these things do as much as in them lies to drive piety, justice, and charity out of this world, that they may never more be heard of." -- Junius Brutus
    "John Adams held this book to be one of the most influential books in America on the eve of the Revolution. This 'defense' manual will help equip you for the battle." -- Publisher
    "This book was even more influential than Thomas Payne's COMMON SENSE, in molding the American mind and preparing it for the war for independence. Much of our Declaration of Independence reflects its wisdom and thought. Written by a French Huguenot to give Biblical and civil justification for fighting against a government that was illegally killing it own people during the religious wars on France between the 1540s and late 1700. A must reading for those who want to understand religious and political history of Europe, or want to better understand the Biblical justification sought by our own founding fathers in their fight for independence. A must read!" -- Reader's Comment
    Vidiciae Contra Tyrannos: A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants, by Junius Brutus, attributed to Philippe Duplessis-Mornay [1549-1623]
    http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae.htm
    The Covenant Between God and Kings, from A DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
    http://www.constitution.org/vct/vindiciae1a.htm

    *Bunyan, John, (1628-1688), Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners. A Christian classic. Available (THE WORKS OF JOHN BUNYAN), on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "Similar to Augustine's CONFESSIONS. Traces Bunyan's spiritual pilgrimage from his youth, through several crises, to his conversion, and through many trials and difficulties, temptations and sorrows, until he came to rely solely on Christ for his every need. Originally published in 1666." -- Cyril J. Barber
    "This is the personal testimony of the famous author of PILGRIM'S PROGRESS, THE HOLY WAR, and 60 other edifying books." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    Bunyan, John, and Sharrock, Roger (editor), Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners
    http://archive.org/details/graceaboundingt00bunygoog
    Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners, John Bunyan
    http://www.ccel.org/ccel/bunyan/grace.html
    Pilgrim's Page: A John Bunyan Archive
    This is the complete set of THE WORKS OF JOHN BUNYAN, George Offor edition, reprinted by The Banner of Truth. It is free online, and is downloadable in the following formats: HTML, RTF, TEXT, and PDF.
    http://www.chapellibrary.org/bunyan/
    THE COMPLETE WORKS OF JOHN BUNYAN is available at Project Gutenberg, Gutenberg.org.

    *Bunyan, John, (1628-1688), The Pilgrim's Progress, complete and unabridged. A Christian classic. Considered to be among the ten greatest books in the English language. Available (THE WORKS OF JOHN BUNYAN), on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #21.
    Said to be "the greatest book, other than Scripture, which an Englishman has given to mankind." -- GCB
    The Banner of Truth Trust publication is recommended. It is facsimile reprinted from the unabridged edition of 1895 published by John C. Nimmo, Ltd. containing the original marginal notes and Scripture references and illustrated with etchings by William Strang.
    "Bunyan had better insight into the human heart than modern psychology; namely, because he did not study man apart from his Creator and apart from his deep inward problem." -- Ernest Reisinger
    The Pilgrim's Progress
    http://www.ccel.org/b/bunyan/pilgrims_progress/title.html
    Pilgrim's Progress John Bunyan [audio files]
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/search.asp?SpeakerOnly=true&currSection=sermonsspeaker&keyword=John%5EBunyan

    *Bunyan, John, (1628-1688), Craig John Lovik, Tim Lundeen, and Oasis Audio (firm), The Pilgrim's Progress: From This World to That Which Is to Come, ISBN: 9781441622846 1441622845. A Christian classic.
    "The entire book, virtually unabridged -- rewritten for the modern ear by Jim Pappas and brought to life by 77 actors with original music and sound effects -- is now available on audio cassette [audio file]." -- GCB
    Pilgrim's Progress John Bunyan [audio files]
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/search.asp?SpeakerOnly=true&currSection=sermonsspeaker&keyword=John%5EBunyan

    Carden, Allen, Puritan Christianity in America: Religion and Life in Seventeenth-Century Massachusetts, ISBN: 0801025435 9780801025433.
    "After exploring the Biblical basis of the Puritan movement, Carden's thematic study examines all aspects of Puritan theology as well as the Puritan's approach to the Christian life, social ethics, politics, family life, education, and culture. He concludes with an overview of the legacy bequeathed to American culture." -- GCB

    Carruthers, E.W., A Sketch of the Life and Character of the Rev. David Caldwell, D.D. [1725-1824]: Near Sixty Years Pastor of the Churches of Buffalo and Alamance. Including two of his sermons; some account of the Regulation, together with the revolutionary transactions and incidents in which he was concerned; and a very brief notice of the ecclesiastical and moral condition of North-Carolina while in its colonial state.

    Christensen, Merton A., Franklin on the Hemphill Trial: Deism vs. Presbyterianism Orthodoxy, WMQ [William and Mary Quarterly -- compiler], 10 (1953): 422-40.

    Christian History Magazine (Worchester, PA [Christian History Magazine, Box 540, 2030 Wentz Church Road, Worchester 19490]: Christian History Magazine).
    Christian History Magazine CD-ROM
    http://www.christianityonline.com/christianhistory/current/

    Clark, Gordon H., (1902-1985), The Puritan and Situation Ethics, the Trinity Review, #65.

    *Cole, Franklin P. (introductory essay and biographical sketches), They Preached Liberty, ISBN: 0913966169 9780913966167.
    "An anthology of timely quotations from New England ministers of the American Revolution on the subject of liberty: its source, nature, obligations, types, and blessings." -- Publisher

    Columbus, Christopher, Christopher Columbus' Book of Prophecies: Reproduction of the Original Manuscript With English Translation by Kay Brigham, ISBN: 8476454775 9788476454770.

    Cremin, Lawrence A., American Education, ISBN: 0060109122 9780060109127.
    "The most authoritative work on this subject is the brilliantly researched 688-page volume by Lawrence A. Cremin. . . . Dr. Cremin makes it plain there was no such thing as a secular school in colonial America. There were many kinds of schools, but all were explicitly Christian." -- Charles Hull Wolff

    *Dallimore, Arnold, George Whitefield: The Life and Times of the Great Evangelist of the 18th Century Revival, 2 volumes, ISBN: 0851510264 9780851510262 085151300X 9780851513003. A Christian classic.
    "One of the great monumental literary achievements of the 20th Century." -- Sherwood E. Wirt
    "Justice has at last been done to the greatest preacher that England has ever produced." -- D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones
    Contains accounts of the conversion experiences of Whitefield, the Wesleys, and many others. Includes bibliographic footnotes.

    *D'Aubigné, J.H. Merle (1794-1872), The History of the Reformation in Europe in the Time of Calvin, 8 volumes. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #22.

    *Davies, Alfred M., Foundation of American Freedom.
    "Traces the history of democracy and the American Constitution to the foundation for liberty and freedom that Calvin laid in his writings, and discourses on secular ideals and history. Forcibly reminds readers that America's concept of government rests ultimately on the authority of the Scriptures." -- Cyril J. Barber

    Davies, Samuel, (1723-1761), Letters From the Rev. Samuel Davies, &c. Shewing the State of Religion in Virginia, Particularly Among the Negroes. Likewise an extract of a letter from a gentleman in London to his friend in the country, containing some observations on the same, 1757.

    Davies, Samuel, (1723-1761), The State of Religion Among the Protestant Dissenters in Virginia; In a Letter to the Rev. Mr. Joseph Bellamy, of Bethlem, in New-England: From the Reverend Mr. Samuel Davies, V.D.M. in Hanover County, Virginia, [Two lines from Proverbs], 1751.

    Dickson, Norine Campbell, Patrick Henry: Patriot and Statesman.
    "Excellent portrayal of an often misunderstood Founding Father."

    Edwards, Jonathan (1703-1758), Some Remarkable Narratives of the Success of the Gospel, in America, in the Beginning of this Century. Written by the late Rev. Jonathan Edwards, . . . and by other ministers in America. To which is added, an account of the character of the Rev. David Brainerd . . . Huddersfield, 1791.

    Edwards, Jonathan (1703-1758), Some Thoughts Concerning the Present Revival of Religion in New-England, and the way in which it ought to be acknowledged and promoted; . . . By Jonathan Edwards [Edinburgh], 1743.

    Edwards, Jonathan (1703-1758), and Sereno Edwards Dwight (1786-1850), The Works of President Edwards: With a Memoir of his Life, 1829, volume 1 of 9. Available THE WORKS OF JONATHAN EDWARDS in two volumes on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    Edwards, Jonathan (1703-1758), and Sereno Edwards Dwight (1786-1850), The Works of President Edwards: With a Memoir of his Life, 1829, volume 1 of 9.
    http://archive.org/details/worksofpresident011829edwa

    Elliott, Emory, Power and the Pulpit in Puritan New England, ISBN: 069107206X 9780691072067.

    Fields, S. Helen, and Henry Paton, Index of the Register of Rev. John MacMillan of Marriages and Baptisms Solemnized by Him Among the Cameronian Societies, 1706 to 1751.
    Notes: The index gives parishes, villages and shires (leaves 1-11); marriages (leaves 12-21), giving names, date, residence and original register page; baptisms (leaves 22-122), giving name, father, sponsor, date, residence and original register page; names not to be found in alphabetical order (leaves 123-135); errata (2 leaves).
    "In 1934 the writer published a REGISTER OF MARRIAGES AND BAPTISMS PERFORMED BY REV. JOHN CUTHBERTSON, 1751 TO 1791. Doctor Cuthbertson was also a Covenanter, sent to America by the Church of Scotland to minister to those of the same faith, and from his landing at New Castle, Delaware, on August 5, 1751, until his death on March 10, 1791, he recorded in a book similar to the one used by Rev. John MacMillan, marriages, baptisms, etc., performed by him. Many similar surnames are in both Registers." -- Publisher

    Fiore, Jordan D. (annotation), William Bradford, and Edward Winslow, Mourt's Relation: A Journal of the Pilgrims of Plymouth, ISBN: 0942516079 9780942516074.
    "Original record of the Pilgrim fathers written in 1622. Authentic portraits of the 'Saints' and a day-to-day account of the land and living on 'those foreboding shores'." The late Dr. Jordan Fiore was a pre-eminent authority on the Pilgrims.

    *Flavel, John, (1628-1691), The Works of John Flavel, 6 volumes. A Christian classic. Available (1820 edition), on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "The repeated editions of FLAVEL'S WORKS bear their own witness to his popularity. He was a favorite with Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield (who ranked him with John Bunyan and Matthew Henry), and, a century later, with . . . R.M. M'Cheyne and Andrew Bonar." -- Banner of Truth
    "Whitefield ranked Flavel with Bunyan and Matthew Henry. Jonathan Edwards ranked him with the best. Others have ranked him with McCheyne and Bonar. Surely, anyone who read any of Flavel will give him the same top rank. His most reprinted works are HUSBANDRY SPIRITUALIZED, THE MYSTERY OF PROVIDENCE, and KEEPING THE HEART (the latter will appear as one of the Fifty Greatest Christian Classics. Sweetness and light characterize all his writings. This reviewer has read KEEPING THE HEART at least a dozen times." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    "Flavel's (1628-1691), usefulness, ability, and practicality are evidenced by those who counted him a favorite to be read and referred to: J. Edwards, G. Whitefield, R.M. M'Cheyne, and A. Bonar. The great American theologian A. Alexander said he owed more to Flavel than any uninspired author." -- GCB
    Flavel, John, The Whole Works of John Flavel, Late Minister of the Gospel at Dartmouth, Devon (1820), vol. 1 of 6.
    http://archive.org/details/wholeworksofjohn01flav

    Foote, William Henry, Sketches of Virginia, Historical and Biographical, Second Series, ISBN: 9781594421556 1594421552.
    "This volume contains much valuable information regarding early Presbyterian families in the State, biographical sketches of early Presbyterian ministers, and the founding of a number of churches and educational institutions in the State. It also includes a detailed treatment of the Presbyterian efforts toward a separation of church and state in the newly formed State of Virginia. The author, Dr. Foote, was a man of clear and strong convictions. His views of divine truth were early formed. The doctrines of Grace announced in the trial sermon before Presbytery, were repeated fifty years afterwards from the same text (Eph. 2:8 [Ephesians 2:8]), as his last sermon. As a missionary and pastor he was never deterred by difficulties or dangers from the discharge of duty. As a scholar, he was accurate and well informed; as a writer, easy and copious, delighting in the use of his pen. Dr. Morton Smith, Professor of Theology at Greenville Presbyterian Theological Seminary has written an introduction for the new reprint. A rather exhaustive index has also been appended and will be helpful to the average reader and researcher." -- Publisher
    Sketches of Virginia, historical and biographical. By the Rev. William Henry Foote . . . Second Series.
    Full text, free online.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=d6cq34x-JwcC&dq=Sketches+of+Virginia,+historical+and+biographical.+By+the+Rev.+William+Henry+Foote+...+&psp=1&ie=ISO-8859-1

    *Geneva Bible Notes, 1599
    The GENEVA BIBLE contained "marginal notes which were heavily influenced by John Calvin, John Knox, and many other leaders of the Reformation. The GENEVA BIBLE was the predominant English translation during the period in which the English and Scottish Reformations gained great impetus. Iain Murray, in his classic work on revival and the interpretation of prophecy, THE PURITAN HOPE, notes that, 'the two groups in England and Scotland developed along parallel lines, like two streams originating at one fountain. The fountain was not so much Geneva, as the Bible which the exiles newly translated and issued with many marginal notes . . . it was read in every Presbyterian and Puritan home in both realms.' (p. 7). This time also saw the rise of the forces for covenanted Reformation against the corruption and abuses of prelacy and the royal factions. Darkness was dispelled as people read this Bible and saw for themselves that there is no authority above the Holy Scriptures.
    "Although most people today have never heard of the GENEVA BIBLE, it was so popular from 1560 to 1644 that it went through 140 plus printings. The reason for its popularity among the faithful is obvious: the marginal notes promoted a full-orbed, nation-changing Protestantism. . . !
    " 'By 1599, the GENEVA BIBLE . . . added many Calvinist annotations for household use' (Bremer, The Puritan Experiment, p. 12). A number of the notes argued for family worship and instruction by the head of the household. Puritanism in the British Isles is known as an effort to continue the Reformation of the church in the area of worship and church government. However, the Puritans also sought to reform the family life according to Biblical principles . . . as a result of their efforts they 'were creators of the English Christian marriage, the English Christian family, and the English Christian home'." (J.I. Packer, A Quest for Godliness, p. 260) -- Publisher
    1599 Geneva Bible Notes
    http://www.reformedreader.org/gbn/en.htm
    For other GENEVA NOTES text see the following listed below:

  • KING JAMES BIBLE WITH THE GENEVA BIBLE NOTES, 1672,
  • 1599 GENEVA BIBLE, Tolle Lege Press restoration,
  • THE 1599 GENEVA BIBLE, TOLLE LEGE ONLINE EDITION.
  • "1599 GENEVA BIBLE, Tolle Lege Press Restoration, Fourth Printing, 2008, Probable Errata Listing," and
  • "A Resolution That Tolle Lege Press and White Hall Press of Chicago Complete the Limited Modernization of the 1599 GENEVA BIBLE Begun in 2004."
  • *King James Bible With the Geneva Bible Notes, 1672. This is considered to be a superior text to the 1599 GENEVA BIBLE, which is said to be about 80 percent Tyndale translation. A Christian classic. Considered to be among the ten greatest books in the English language. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive and in The Amazing Christian Library.
    "The best Reformation translation (King James Version), combined with the best Bible notes of the first Reformation, the GENEVA BIBLE notes. A great tool for public, family, and private worship and study. Printed from a marvelously clean original copy, surpassing the quality of all other printings (of the GENEVA BIBLE NOTES in particular), we have seen. Contains almost 1000 (8.5 X 11 inch), pages with notes on the complete Bible (Old and New Testaments), making this a veritable library of study and classic Protestant commentary in just one book." -- Publisher
    The following title is apparently an alternative edition of the 1672 AKJV with GENEVA NOTES:
    James, King of England, Lancelot Andrewes, Theodore de Beze, Franciscus Junius, and John Canne, The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testament; Newly translated out of the originall tongues and with the former translations diligently compared and revised by his Majesties speciall command; With most profitable Annotations [probably the GENEVA NOTES -- compiler] upon all the hard places, and other things of great importance; Which notes have never before been set forth with this new translation; but are now placed in due order with great care and industrie. "Publisher: [Amsterdam]: [Stephen Swart], Printed in the Year MDCLXXII."
    The Authorized King James Version of 1611 (Pure Cambridge Edition), Digital Text
    "The PURE CAMBRIDGE EDITION (first published circa 1900), is the product of the process of textual purification that has occurred since 1611 when the AUTHORIZED VERSION was completed, and has been used (often unwittingly), as the received text for many decades. Millions of copies conformed to this edition were issued by Bible and missionary societies in the twentieth century. This text stands in contrast to all other editions (especially newly edited and modernised ones). . . ." -- excerpt from Bible Protector homepage
    http://www.bibleprotector.com/

    *Calvin, John (1509-1564), et al. John Knox, Theodore Beza, Miles Coverdale, William Whittingham, Anthony Gilby, Martin Luther, and others], Peter A. Lillback (foreword), Tolle Lege Press (preface), Gary DeMar (Notes to the Modern Reader), Marshall Foster (The History and Impact of the Geneva Bible), 1599 Geneva Bible, (Tolle Lege Press, 2006, 2007), 1400 pages, ISBN: 0975484699 9780975484692 0975484613 9780975484616 0975484621 9780975484623. Available (Tolle Lege Press restoration) on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "When the Pilgrims arrived in America in 1620, they brought along supplies, a consuming passion to advance the Kingdom of Christ, a bright hope for the future, and the Word of God. Clearly, their most precious cargo was the Bible. The GENEVA BIBLE, printed over 200 times between 1560 and 1644, was the most widely read and influential English Bible of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. This superb translation was the product of the best Protestant scholars of the day and became the Bible of choice for many of the greatest writers, thinkers, and historical figures of that time [but the translation was surpassed by the AUTHORIZED KING JAMES VERSION in 1611, see 'Textual Criticism' -- compiler]. The GENEVA BIBLE is unique among all other Bibles. It was the first Bible to use chapters and numbered verses and became the most popular version of its time because of the extensive marginal notes. These notes, written by Reformation leaders such as John Calvin, John Knox, Miles Coverdale, William Whittingham, Anthony Gilby, and others, were included to explain and interpret the scriptures for the common people. For nearly half a century these notes helped the people of England, Scotland, and Ireland understand the Bible and true liberty. King James despised the GENEVA BIBLE because he considered the notes on key political texts to be seditious [to question the Divine Right of Kings -- compiler] and a threat to his authority. Unlike the KING JAMES VERSION, the GENEVA BIBLE was not authorized by the government. It was truly a Bible by the people and for the people. You can see why this remarkable version with its profound marginal notes played a key role in the formation of the American Republic. Until now, the only complete version available was a large, cumbersome, and difficult-to-read facsimile edition. But this new edition contains all the original words and notes [see the errata listing below -- compiler], but the type set has been enlarged and the font style change for today's reader." -- Publisher
    "This is the Bible that eventually put an end to Feudalism in Europe, strengthened Puritans, Quakers, and came to America on the Mayflower. This was the first Bible published in the language of the common people, the first Bible to contain commentary and verse numbers, and the first Bible written in English from Greek and Hebrew texts available from Constantinople, not from the Latin Vulgate. The dynamite in this Bible is the commentary accounting for about one third of its length.
    "The Church of England and King James were so upset they determined to create a new translation. They called it the KING JAMES VERSION. They choose to use language so formal and grand, even by the standards of those days, that the common people would find difficult to understand. The GENEVA BIBLE was found seditious by it's insertions of commentary that spoke directly about the priesthood of lay believers, the church as naturally anti-oligarchy, and setting forth some other ideas considered anarchy by the King, but meaning freedom to the masses who read it. . . .
    "Important facts to remember about this Bible. The Reformation was strong in England and the Lollards were a lay group of huge influence that had to go underground. English Christian theologians, not Catholics and not Anglicans, fled in huge numbers to Geneva for freedom. Geneva was not part of Switzerland at that time, because Geneva was its own city-state. . . . The GENEVA BIBLE was printed 1560-1644. THE KING JAMES VERSION was published in 1611. The GENEVA BIBLE was against the law to own. . . ." -- Reader's Comment
    Available "in printed formats with various binding options from Tolle Lege Press. Tolle Lege Press has given Puritan Downloads permission to provide a PDF copy of their retypeset and fully searchable edition of the 1599 GENEVA BIBLE (Copyright 2006-2008, Tolle Lege Press), on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "The GENEVA BIBLE is the Puritan Bible with Reformation promoting marginal notes authored by prominent leaders of the Reformation (during the time of John Calvin and John Knox). The New Testament was translated out of the Greek, by Theodore Beza. The GENEVA BIBLE was the predominant English translation during the period in which the English and Scottish Reformations gained great impetus.
    "Iain Murray, in his classic work on revival and the interpretation of prophecy, THE PURITAN HOPE, notes,

    The two groups in England and Scotland developed along parallel lines, like two streams originating at one fountain. The fountain was not so much Geneva, as the Bible which the exiles newly translated and issued with many marginal notes . . . it was read in every Presbyterian and Puritan home in both realms. (p. 7)
    "This time also saw the rise of the forces for covenanted Reformation against the corruption and abuses of prelacy and the royal factions. Darkness was dispelled as people read this Bible and saw for themselves that there is no authority above the Holy Scriptures. Discerning this truth, it became apparent that the civil tyranny and the heretical superstitions imposed by Pope, King and Bishops were to be resisted unto death, if necessary (i.e. because these innovations in church and state were opposed to the Kingship of Christ and the law of His kingdom, as set forth in Holy Scripture).
    "Moreover, this is the Bible that led to the King James edition. James . . . did not want the Calvinistic marginal notes of the GENEVA BIBLE getting into the hands of the people because he considered them 'seditious' hence, he authorized the KING JAMES VERSION as a substitute (though the KJV far surpasses modern translations).
    "Although most people today have never heard of the GENEVA BIBLE, it was so popular from 1560 to 1644 that it went through 140 plus printings. The reason for its popularity among the faithful is obvious: the marginal notes promoted a full-orbed, nation-changing Protestantism! Taking a modern work, such as the SCOFIELD REFERENCE BIBLE, and comparing the notes to those of the GENEVA BIBLE, it will readily be seen that the religion of the Protestant Reformation bears no resemblance to much of the nonsense being prattled today!
    "Additionally, the later editions of the GENEVA BIBLE (like this 1599 edition), are more strongly Calvinistic and anti-Papal noted by Eason in THE GENEVAN BIBLE, NOTES ON ITS PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION. . . ."
    The notes of TOMSON'S NEW TESTAMENT of 1576, which took the place of the New Testament of the Bible of 1560 in many editions from 1587 onward, are entirely different from those in the GENEVA BIBLE. They are taken from Beza's Latin Testament, and are controversial and strongly Calvinistic.
    "Furthermore, Eason cites Pocock (a rabid anti-Calvinist), in the same book,
    The changes adopted in the GENEVA BIBLE and New Testament synchronize with the gradual spread of the Calvinistic heresy and the contemporaneous development of hatred of the whole Papal system of doctrine. The notes attacked the Sacramental teaching of the Church, substituting for it the Calvinistic doctrines of election and reprobation. They taught that Sacraments are nothing more than signs and seals of grace previously given to the elect. All passages about the Sacraments are explained away.
    ("We cite this quote, though it is full of a good deal of devilish nonsense, to demonstrate that even the enemies of biblical truth recognized the powerful impact that the GENEVA BIBLE was having in furthering the Protestant Reformation, as well as to show that the notes in the later versions of the GENEVA BIBLE were moving in the direction of a more distinct testimony against error and for the truth." -- RB) -- Publisher
    "There were three primary editions of the GENEVA BIBLE:
    (1) The editions that follow the first edition of 1560.
    (2) The editions in which TOMSON'S NEW TESTAMENT of 1576 is substituted for the 1560 New Testament.
    (3) The Bibles from 1598 that contain the Notes on Revelation of Francis Junius."
    "In our opinion, the notes in the 1599 edition were the most faithful to Scripture." -- The Genevan Bible, Notes on its Production and Distribution [Of course, the judgment and candor of Calvin are renown. This Bible played a key role in the Reformation, and anyone not using it 'will be the poorer for their neglect.' However, very few works are without caveats. Calvin used the LATIN VULGATE. His comments had to be translated from French. Experts (see 'Textual Criticism'), consider the authorized KING JAMES VERSION to be the most accurate translation. It used a literal approach to translation of the Traditional Text, which is referred to today as the Majority Text or Textus Receptus. Beza's translation of the New Testament is in a different category. One is urged to not neglect the knowledge developed over 400 years of Reformed scholarship since 1599. For example, compare the 1599 GENEVA BIBLE (1400 pages, 1366 in the Tolle Lege restoration edition), annotation with the annotation, theological notes, text notes, scripture notes, and other study aids of the NEW GENEVA STUDY BIBLE (2228 pages), with its own noted caveats. -- compiler]
    "Features of the Tolle Lege 1599 GENEVA BIBLE:
  • Word-for-word accuracy with the 1599 Geneva Bible [see the errata listing below -- compiler]
  • Original cross references
  • Modern spelling
  • Original study notes by Reformers
  • Old English Glossary
  • 2-page Family Tree Chart
  • Presentation page with several family registry pages
  • Easy-to-read print [see the errata listing below -- compiler]
  • Size: 8.75" X 11.5"
  • Approximately 1,400 pages." -- Publisher
  • Excerpts from two articles on the 1599 GENEVA BIBLE may be read at the Puritan Downloads site: "The Forgotten Translation," Gary DeMar, President of American Vision and Honorary Member of the 1599 Geneva Bible Advisory Board, and "Introduction to the 1599 Geneva Bible," Marshall Foster, President of the Mayflower Institute, Member of the 1599 Geneva Bible Advisory Board.
    http://www.swrb.com/bibles/bibles.htm
    "The GENEVA BIBLE has a unique place in history. It is some times called the BREECHES BIBLE. That term comes from the reference in Genesis 3:7 where it says that Adam and Eve clothed themselves in 'breeches' made from fig leaves. It is the product of Protestant scholars who had taken refuge in Geneva, Switzerland during the reign of Queen 'Bloody Mary' of England (1553-1558). It is also known as the Bible that the Pilgrims brought to America. It is older than the KING JAMES VERSION and is considered by some to be more 'Protestant' than the KING JAMES VERSION." [probably because of the Notes of the Geneva Reformers -- compiler] -- Reader's Comment
    "I've seen the facsimile versions of the GENEVA BIBLE and they don't even come close to this edition. The legibility and readability of this edition is far superior to other editions. -- Reader's Comment
    Tolle Lege Press edition of the 1599 Geneva Bible
    http://www.GenevaBible.com
    Perhaps the unique wisdom in the annotation by the Reformers, John Calvin, Martin Luther, John Knox, and Theodore Beza, among others, is due to their doctrinal position of the absolute sovereignty of God and the utter depravity of mankind. The notes are also very concise, explaining the meaning of Scripture and free of pedantic material.
    Sample notes from the 1599 GENEVA BIBLE, the Tolle Lege Press restored edition of 2007:
  • Genesis 1:11 "So that we see it is the only power of God's word that maketh the earth fruitful, which else naturally is barren.
  • Genesis 1:12 "This sentence is so oft repeated, to signify that God made all his creatures to serve to his glory, and to the profit of man: but for sin they were accursed, yet to the elect, by Christ they are restored, and serve to their wealth.
  • Genesis 2:16 "So that man might know there was a sovereign Lord, to whom he owed obedience.
  • Genesis 2:17 "By this death he meaneth the separation of man from God, who is our life and chief felicity: and also that our disobedience is the cause thereof.
  • Genesis 3:4 "This is Satan's chiefest subtlety, to cause us not to fear God's threatenings.
  • Genesis 4:5 "Because he was an hypocrite, and offered only for an outward show without sincerity of heart.
  • Genesis 9:6 "Not only by the magistrate, but oft times God raiseth up one murderer to kill another.
    Therefore to kill man is to deface God's image, and so injury is not only done to man, but also to God.
  • Psalm 37:1,7,11 "1 This Psalm containeth exhortation and consolation for the weak, that are grieved at the prosperity of the wicked, and the affliction of the godly. 7 For how prosperously soever the wicked do live for the time, he doth affirm their felicity to be vain and transitory, because they are not in the favor of God, but in the end they are destroyed as his enemies. 11 And how miserably that the righteous seemeth to live in the world, yet his end is peace, and he is in the favor of God, he is delivered from the wicked, and preserved.
  • Psalm 37:5 "Be not led by thine own wisdom, but obey God, and he will finish his work in thee.
  • Psalm 37:6 "As the hope of the daylight causeth us not to be offended with the darkness of the night: so ought we patiently to trust that God will clear our cause and restore us to our right.
  • Psalm 37:8 "Meaning, except he moderate his affections, he shall be led to do as they do.
  • Psalm 37:12 "The godly are assured that the power and craft of the wicked shall not prevail against them, but fall on their own necks, and therefore ought patiently to abide God's time, and in the meanwhile bewail their sins, and offer up their tears, is a sacrifice of their obedience.
  • Psalm 37:16 "For they are daily fed as with Manna from heaven, and have sufficient, when the wicked have never enough, but ever hunger.
  • Psalm 37:25 "Though the just man die, yet God's blessings are extended to his posterity, and though God suffer some just man to lack temporal benefits, yet he recompenseth him with spiritual treasures.
  • Psalm 37:29 "They shall continually be preserved under God's wings, and have at least inward rest.
  • Psalm 37:30 "These three points are required of the faithful, that their talk be godly, that God's law be in their heart, and that their life be upright.
  • Psalm 37:37 "He exhorteth the faithful to mark diligently the examples both of God's mercies, and also of his judgments.
  • Psalm 37:39 "He showeth that the patient hope of the godly is never in vain, but in the end hath good success, though for a time God prove them by sundry tentations.
  • John 1:1 "The Son of God is of one, and the selfsame eternity or everlastingness, and of one and the selfsame essence or nature, with the Father.
    "From his beginning, as the Evangelist saith, 1 John 1:1, as though he said, that the world began not then to have his being, when God began to make all that was made: for the word was even then when all things that were made, began to be made, and therefore he was before the beginning of all things.
    "Had his being.
    "This word, That, pointeth out unto us a peculiar and choice thing above all other, and putteth a difference between this Word, which is the Son of God, and the Laws of God, which otherwise also are called the word of God.
    "This word (With) putteth out the distinction of persons to us.
    "This word (Word) is the first in order in the sentence, and is that which the learned call (Subjectum) and this word (God) is the latter in order, and the same which the learned call (Predicatum.)
  • John 1:3 "The son of God declareth that same his everlasting Godhead, both by the creating of all things, and also by the preserving of them, and especially by the excellent gifts of reason and understanding, wherewith he that beautified man above all other creatures.
    "Paul expoundeth this place, Col. 1:15 and 16 [Colossians 1:15,16].
    "That is, as the Father did work, so did the Son work with him: for he was fellow worker with him.
    "Of all those things which were made, nothing was made without him.
  • Jude 1:24 "He commendeth them to the grace of God, declaring sufficiently that it is God only that can give us that constancy which he requireth of us.
  • Hebrews 13:8b "all precepts of manners, and that is this: That we ought to quiet and content ourselves in Christ only: for there was yet never any man saved without the knowledge of him, neither is at this day saved, neither shall be saved hereafter.
  • Revelation 4:9 "God is said to have glory, honor, kingdom, and such like given unto him, when we godly and reverently set forth that which is properly and only his." -- excerpts from 1599 Geneva Bible, Tolle Lege Press, 2006, 2007)
  • 1599 Geneva Bible, Tolle Lege Press Restoration, Fourth Printing, 2008, Probable Errata Listing (June 30, 2014, revised August 15, 2014, revised September 4, 2015)
    http://www.lettermen2.com/1599errata.html
    A Resolution That Tolle Lege Press and White Hall Press of Chicago Complete the Limited Modernization of the 1599 GENEVA BIBLE Begun in 2004 and of all Spin-off Publications (August 15, 2014, revised September 7, 2015)
    http://www.lettermen2.com/1599resolve.html
    The 1599 Geneva Bible, Tolle Lege edition, online
    http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matthew%201&version=GNV
    There is confusion in certain library records for the 1599 and 1672 Bibles that will only be resolved by physical inspection. The following is thought to be an alternative record for the 1599 GENEVA BIBLE.
    *Beze, Theodore de, Joachim Camerarius, Pierre Loyseleur, Laurence Tomson, and Franciscus Junius, The Bible, That is, The Holy Scriptures Conteined in the Old and New Testament. "Publisher: [Amsterdam?]: [publisher not identified], [approximately 1599]."
    1599 Geneva Bible Notes
    http://www.reformedreader.org/gbn/en.htm

    Glasgow, W. Melancthon, Ray B. Lanning, and Nathan P. Eshelman, History of the Reformed Presbyterian Church in America: With Sketches of all her Ministry, Congregations, Missions, Institutions, Publications, etc., and Embellished With Over Fifty Portraits and Engravings, ISBN: 9781601780195 1601780192.
    "Gives the history of early covenanters in America. David Steele and others left the communion sometime prior to the synod of 1841 in Utica, Ohio. (p. 108). Notice 'the alleged reason that the Synod had postponed its deliverance on "voluntary associations",' and they regarded the Synod as unfaithful to its duty." -- Publisher
    "Students of Presbyterian church history will discover a whole family of churches whose history sparkles with remarkable personalities and noteworthy achievements, however much they may have been forgotten in the years that followed. Reformed Presbyterians, Associate Reformed Presbyterians, and the dwindling numbers of those who once belonged to the United Presbyterian Church of North America, will all give thanks for the history that is brought to light in these pages. We 'Scottish Dissenting Presbyterians' have a goodly heritage. We have much to discover about our forbears in the faith, and what they accomplished in their day; and much as well to consider with regard to how their distinctive principles and practices may have something vital to contribute to our churches and to our nation today." -- Ray B. Lanning and Nathan P. Eshelman, from the Introduction
    http://www.reformedpresbyterian.org/conv_resources.html
    Glasgow, W. Melancthon, full text.
    http://www.archive.org/stream/historyofrefor00glas/historyofrefor00glas_djvu.txt

    Grey, Zachary, George Fox, and George Whitefield, Quaker and Methodist Compared. In an Abstract of George Fox's Journal. With a Copy of his Last Will and Testament, and the Reverend Mr. George Whitefield's Journals; With Historical Notes.

    Henderson, H. James, Party Politics in the Continental Congress, ISBN: 0070281432 9780070281431.

    Henry, William Wirt, Patrick Henry: Life, Correspondence, Speeches, 3 volumes, ISBN: 0873771656 9780873771658.
    William Wirt Henry is the grandson of Patrick Henry and the author of PRESBYTERIANS IN VIRGINIA.

    Hewitt, Rob, Where the River Flows: Finding Faith in Rockingham County, Virginia 1726-1876, ISBN: 0966891953 9780966891959.
    "WHERE THE RIVER FLOWS, a project of the Margaret Grattan Weaver Foundation with help from the Virginia Foundation of the Humanities, tells the story of the people who came to the Shenandoah Valley -- from places like England, France, Germany and Pennsylvania -- for faith and freedom's sake.
    "Beginning with the Valley's first settlers -- the Adam Mueller family, who settled near present-day Shenandoah -- WHERE THE RIVER FLOWS is the story of a people 'twice removed from the state Church,' says the back cover text. They were separated from the rest of the world by the Blue Ridge Mountains as well as by their diverse and deeply-rooted beliefs. . . .
    "Though not academic in style or content, WHERE THE RIVER FLOWS is supplied with plenty of documentation. There are more than 50 pages of endnotes.
    "A map that accompanies the book combines modern Rockingham County route numbers with old road alignments, and has about 120 locations and place names, mostly of old meetinghouses. Bob Kirchman of Staunton, an architectural renderer, drew the map using Hotchkiss's 1875 map and Lake's 1885 atlas, Hewitt says. . . .
    "WHERE THE RIVER FLOWS is abundantly and creatively illustrated with color and black-and-white photos and drawings of Valley creeks and rivers, farms, churches and homes. Church and homestead photos include many that local readers will recognize: buildings still in use, no longer used but preserved, and long-abandoned and forgotten. . . .
    "It is a 'must read' for anyone who is serious about understanding the spiritual roots and underpinnings of the Rockingham County area." -- Reader's Comment

    Hood, Jared C., Calvin's Evangelist: The Reformed Fundamentalism of George Whitefield.

    Johnson, Edward, Wonder Working Providence of Sions Saviour in New England, ISBN: 0820111309 9780820111308.

    Johnston, E.A., George Whitefield: A Definitive Biography, 2 volumes, ISBN: 9781901670769 1901670767 9781901670776 1901670775 9781901670783 1901670783.

    *Jones, James W., The Shattered Synthesis: New England Puritanism Before the Great Awakening, ISBN: 0300016190 9780300016192.
    "An important assessment of the issues the Puritans faced and the manner in which these issues were handled." -- Cyril J. Barber

    Ketcham, Ralph (editor), The Anti-Federalist Papers and the Constitutional Convention Debates, ISBN: 0451528840 9780451528841.
    "The Anti-Federalists Papers revealed the dissenting opinions of such statesmen as Patrick Henry and John DeWitt, who saw in the document threats to rights and liberties so recently won from England. Although the Anti-Federalists lost, they came close to winning, and their opinions represent an important contribution to the American political tradition." -- Publisher
    The War Between the States was a continuation of this struggle for State sovereignty.

    *Knox, John (1505-1572), Appellation From the Sentence Pronounced by the Bishops and Clergy: Addressed to the Nobility and Estates of Scotland. Alternate title: THE APPELLATION OF JOHN KNOX FROM THE CRUELL . . . SENTENCE PRONOUNCED AGAINST HIM BY THE FALSE BISHOPPES AND CLERGEY OF SCOTLAND, WITH HIS SUPPLICATION AND EXHORTATION TO THE NOBILITIE, ESTATES, AND COMMUNALTIE OF THE SAME REALME, and THE APPELLATION . . . TO THE SCOTTISH NOBILITY, and REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM: AN APPEAL TO THE SCOTTISH NOBILITY, and THE APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND, and THE APPELLATION. Cover title: REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM: APPEAL TO THE SCOTTISH NOBILITY (1558). Available (singly as REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM, in which key text have been underlined by a previous reader), on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available (REFORMATION, REVOLUTION AND ROMANISM), on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1 (MP3), #26. Available (APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND), on the Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library. Available (APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND), in THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX, Vol. 4. [John Knox; David Laing ((collector and editor)), THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX, Vol. 4, reprint of the 1855 edition printed for Bannatyne Club, Edinburgh (New York: AMS Press, 1966)].
    "David Chilton notes, 'Of all the sixteenth-century Reformers, John Knox remains the most ardently loved and fiercely hated. No other leader of his day saw so clearly the political issues in the light of Scripture. Nor has any of his contemporaries had so much direct influence upon the subsequent history of the world. He transformed a land of barbarians into one of the most hardheadly Calvinistic cultures ever to exist, and his doctrines lie at the core of all Protestant revolutionary activity. While he is often considered merely one of Calvin's lieutenants, he was actually a Reformer in his own right. In some respects he was the greatest of them all.' ("John Knox," in The Journal of Christian Reconstruction: Symposium on Puritanism and Law [Vallecito, CA: Chalcedon], Vol. V, No. 2, Winter, 1978-79, p. 194)
    "Furthermore, R.L. Greaves has noted that 'it has even been suggested -- and not altogether without merit -- that Knox was a key link in the development of political ideology that culminated in the American Revolution.' (Theology and Revolution in the Scottish Reformation: Studies in the Thought of John Knox [Grand Rapids, MI: Christian University Press, 1980], p. 156)
    "Moreover, Mason [Roger A. Mason -- compiler], states that this APPEAL [APPELLATION FROM THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED BY THE BISHOPS AND CLERGY: ADDRESSED TO THE NOBILITY AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND -- compiler], 'is the most important . . . of Knox's political writings.' (in the Introduction to his compilation of Knox's political writings entitled KNOX: ON REBELLION) [see annotation for KNOX: ON REBELLION elsewhere in this bibliography -- compiler]. It shows in a conclusive manner that Knox wanted a Theonomic Establishment which was careful to 'disapprove, detest, oppose and remove all false worship and all monuments of idolatry.' (cf. Westminster Larger Catechism, #108). It also clearly demonstrates that Knox believed in and promoted the continuing binding validity of the Old Testament case laws and the penal sanctions attached to them, including the death penalty.
    "Kevin Reed, in a editor's note, introducing this piece in his newly published SELECTED WRITING OF JOHN KNOX [available on the Puritan Hard Drive -- compiler], also points out that 'the Westminster Confession provides a distinct echo of Knox, when it states that the magistrate ""hath authority, and it is his duty, to take order, that unity and peace be preserved in the church, that the truth of God be kept pure and entire, that all blasphemies and heresies be suppressed, all corruptions and abuses in worship and discipline prevented or reformed, and all the ordinances of God duly settled, administered, and observed"" (Ch. 23:3, original wording). One secular historian once described Knox as 'Calvin with a sword,' making one wonder if he had not just been reading this very book. For 'where Calvin merely permitted disobedience to an ungodly ruler or immoral law, Knox championed armed rebellion -- a type of Calvinism that made religious revolution in Scotland possible.' (Christian History, Issue 46, p. 35). This is the best of the best; don't miss it!" -- Publisher
    Knox, John, Appellation From the Sentence Pronounced by the Bishops and Clergy: Addressed to the Nobility and Estates of Scotland
    This is a character scan (OCR) of the modernized text published by Protestant Heritage Press. While text may be cut and pasted it is subject to copyright.
    http://www.swrb.com/newslett/actualNLs/appellat.htm
    Knox, John (1505-1572), The Works of John Knox (1846), Vol. 4.
    http://archive.org/stream/worksjohnknox07laingoog#page/n4/mode/2up
    Reformation, Revolution and Romanism (1558), John Knox, MP3 file.
    "This has been called John Knox's most important political writing. It also deals with Romanism, God's law, and much more.
    http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?currSection=sermonssource&sermonID=1030075041
    See also:
    Goodman, Christopher (c. 1520-1603), HOW SUPERIOR POWERS OUGHT TO BE OBEYED OF THEIR SUBJECTS: AND WHEREIN THEY MAY LAWFULLY BY GOD'S WORD BE DISOBEYED AND RESISTED, 1558. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #26. Available (HOW SUPERIOR POWERS OUGHT TO BE OBEYED), on the Library of Presbyterian Heritage Publications and Protestant Heritage Press CD-ROM Library.
    "From 1555 to 1558, Christopher Goodman served as co-pastor, with John Knox, of the congregation of English exiles in Geneva. During the course of his ministry, Goodman preached upon Acts 4:19 and 5:29: 'Whether it be right in the sight of God, to obey you rather than God, judge ye. We ought rather to obey God than men'. . . . In this book, Goodman contends against both ecclesiastical and political tyranny." -- Publisher
    Goodman, Christopher (c. 1520-1603), How Superior Powers Ought to be Obeyed of Their Subjects
    http://www.constitution.org/cmt/goodman/obeyed.htm
    See also annotation for:
    Knox, John (1505-1572), THE HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION OF RELIGION WITHIN THE REALM OF SCOTLAND. . . . TOGETHER WITH THE LIFE OF THE AUTHOR, AND SEVERAL CURIOUS PIECES WROTE BY HIM, . . . BY THE REVEREND MR. JOHN KNOX, . . . TO WHICH IS ADDED, I. AN ADMONITION TO ENGLAND AND SCOTLAND . . . BY ANTONI GILBY. II. THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF DISCIPLINE, GLASGOW, 1761. Alternate title: THE HISTORIE OF THE REFORMATION OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND CONTAINING FIVE BOOKS: TOGETHER WITH SOME TREATISES CONDUCING TO THE HISTORY. EDITED, WITH A LIFE OF KNOX AND A PREFACE, BY DAVID BUCHANAN. INCLUDES: "THE APPELLATION OF JOHN KNOX, FROM THE . . . SENTENCE PRONOUNCED AGAINST HIM (pp. 1-33); "THE ADMONITION OF JOHN KNOX TO HIS BELOVED BRETHREN THE COMMONALTY OF SCOTLAND" (pp. 34-42); "A FAITHFULL ADMONITION MADE BY JOHN KNOX TO THE TRUE PROFESSORS OF THE GOSPEL OF CHRIST WITHIN THE KINGDOM OF ENGLAND, 1554" (pp. 43-79); "THE COPIE OF A LETTER DELIVERED TO QUEEN MARY, REGENT OF SCOTLAND" (pp. 80-97); AND "A SERMON PREACHED BY JOHN KNOX [AUGUST 19, 1565]," ISBN: 0851513581 9780851513584. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1.

    *Knox, John (1505-1572), The History of the Reformation in Scotland, ISBN: 0851513581. A Christian classic. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available in WORKS OF JOHN KNOX on Reformation Bookshelf CD #1. Alternate title: UNEDITED HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION IN SCOTLAND. Available in THE WORKS OF JOHN KNOX, Vol. 1 of 6, (Book 1-2).
    "It breaths with the spirit of excitement and expectation, being told by the author from his experience as an eyewitness and participant in the unfolding drama of the work of God in 16th century Scotland." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    "Knox portrayed the origins and development of a movement and not a mere chronology of events . . . Knox based his arguments on original sources and he often cited the documents in full. When KNOX'S HISTORY is compared to the contemporary vernacular narratives of Bishop Leslie and Sir James Melville, the superiority of Knox's work becomes evident. For the most part, these writers were preoccupied with petty details and had no conception of the momentous issues that hung on the events they recorded . . . Knox used history to demonstrate his single-track philosophy. And his philosophy said: 'The hearts of men, their thoughts, and their actions are but in the hands of God.' Lee said KNOX'S HISTORY was a sermon without an audience, a preaching book, one long inflammatory speech in behalf of God's truth as the reformer saw it.' (Kyle, The Mind of John Knox, p. 13). Our editions of volumes one and two of KNOX'S WORKS contain the only full, unedited version of Knox's massive HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION IN SCOTLAND available today." -- Publisher

    *Lloyd-Jones, David Martyn, (1899-1981), Puritan and Westminster Conferences, et al., The Puritans: Their Origins and Successors. Alternate title: THE PURITANS: THEIR ORIGINS AND SUCCESSORS: ADDRESSES DELIVERED AT THE PURITAN AND WESTMINSTER CONFERENCES 1959-1978, ISBN: 0851514960 9780851514963.
    "The author pays his dues to the Puritans, whose books he devoured, and whose teaching he absorbed and then preached. He draws lessons from Calvin and Knox, Bunyan and Owen, Edwards and Whitefield, and many others. As always, his comments are practical." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.

    Mansfield, Stephen, Forgotten Founding Father: The Heroic Legacy of George Whitefield, ISBN: 1581821654.
    "If you are spiritually dry, and need an uplifting book that is not 600 pages this is it. I was so motivated after reading this, Whitefield is one of my heroes of the faith, a giant along with Luther and Calvin. This may sit on the nightstand forever as a constant reminder of how God uses those who seek him fervently." -- Reader's Comment

    *Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-Mystery of Sanctification: Growing in Holiness by Living in Union With Christ, ISBN: 189277724X. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    The Reformation Heritage Books edition is a reprint of the 1954 edition set by Oliphants and includes an introduction by Joel R. Beeke. Also includes the author's famous sermon on "The Doctrine of Justification Opened and Applied."
    See the WorldCat record for various foreign language editions.
    Other editions:
    Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-Mystery of Sanctification, ISBN: 1597520543 9781597520546.
    "This is by far the best book on the doctrine of Sanctification in print. It was originally written in the 17th century, but has been put into modern English with this edition. This book will help you better understand the Gospel and its power not only for our Justification, but our Sanctification as well." -- Reader's Comment
    Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-Mystery of Sanctification, ISBN: 1589600630 9781589600638.
    "Here you will read the most closely reasoned defense of scriptural sanctification to be found anywhere. . . . Fourteen directions are given to the reader, all perfected with the aim of explaining to sincere souls what sanctification is, what it is not, and how to attain a holy walk before God. . . ." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    Marshall, Walter, (1628-1680), The Gospel-mystery of Sanctification, Opened, in Sundry Practical Directions: Suited Especially to the Case of Those who Labor Under the Guilt and Power of Indwelling Sin. To Which is Added a Sermon on Justification (1859)
    http://archive.org/details/gospelmysteryofs02mars

    *Mather, Cotton, The Great Works of Christ in America (Magnalia Christi Americana), 2 volumes, ISBN: 0851512801 9780851512808 085151281X 9780851512815.
    "Almost a Puritan Church history, covering much of the 17th century in the early colonies. Biographical information and facts not to be found elsewhere. Not chronological, instead built around the people of the time." -- GCB
    A carefully documented history of God's work in New England. Includes bibliographical references and index.
    Magnalia Christi Americana, Cotton Mather, 1702, Introduction
    http://xroads.virginia.edu/~DRBR/cotton2.html

    Mather, Richard, Preface to the Bay Psalm Book (1640). Available on the Puritan Hard Drive.
    "THE BAY PSALM BOOK was the first book printed in America! Gary DeMar in America's Christian History (p. 99), has brought to light some interesting historical footnotes when he writes, 'THE BAY PSALM BOOK was the approved hymnal in the New England colonies,' and that 'a young colonist's education in New England was provided by a very limited curriculum, consisting of three books in addition to the Bible: THE HORNBOOK, THE NEW ENGLAND PRIMER, and THE BAY PSALM BOOK.' This certainly speaks volumes about the place afforded the Psalms during America's formative state. Here Mather introduces this famous Psalm book and defends the exclusive Psalmody of these early Americans." -- Publisher
    Preface to the Bay Psalm Book
    http://www.covenanter.org/reformed/2015/8/17/preface-to-the-bay-psalm-book

    Miller, Perry, and James Hoopes (editor), Sources for the New England Mind: The Seventeenth Century, ISBN: 0910776016 9780910776011.
    Includes bibliography.

    Miller, Perry (editor), and Thomas H. Johnson (editor), The Puritans: A Sourcebook of Their Writings, two volumes in one, ISBN: 0486416011 9780486416014.
    "Critically acclaimed classic lets Puritans speak for themselves in crucial documents covering history, theory of state and society, religion, customs, behavior, biographies and letters, poetry, literary theory, education, science, and more. Regarded by historian Samuel Eliot Morison as 'the best selection ever made of Puritan literature, point of view and culture'."
    "This thematic consideration of primary source material covers the major epochs of early American Puritanism. It includes the Puritan's views on the state and society, this world and the next, poetry, education, and so on. First published in 1938." -- Cyril J. Barber

    *Neal, Daniel, and Joshua Toulmin, The History of the Puritans, or, Protestant Non-conformists: From the Reformation in 1517, to the Revolution in 1688; Comprising an Account of Their Principles; Their attempts for a farther reformation in the church, their sufferings, and the lives and characters of their most considerable divines, 3 volumes.
    "Reprinted from the latest edition and containing critical notes, this outstanding presentation of Protestant nonconformity (from 1517 to 1688), delineates the course of action taken by those dubbed Puritan, describes the seeds of liberty and democracy that they spread and that lie latent in their history and teachings, and presents a vivid picture of the effect of their stand for truth. This is an excellent work and is well-deserving of careful study. The benefits of reading these volumes is too great to be tabulated here. We can only hope that a new generation of men and women who are loyal to the Lord and His Word will peruse these pages to their own great profit." -- Cyril J. Barber

    Noll, Mark A. (editor), Eerdman's Handbook to Christianity in America, ISBN: 0802835821 9780802835826.
    Includes bibliography and index.

    *Owen, John (1616-1683), Hebrews, 7 volume set, volumes 17-23 of Owen's WORKS (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1999). Alternate title: EXPOSITION OF HEBREWS and AN EXPOSITION OF THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS.

    This same Banner of Truth edition is available from (Grand Rapids, MI: Reformation Heritage Books, Inc.).
    "To master his works is to be a profound theologian." -- C.H. Spurgeon
    "THE work on Hebrews is John Owen's massive 4000-page commentary." -- Jay P. Green, Sr.
    See also: Owen, John (1616-1683), J.I. Packer (introduction, series editor), Alister McGrath (series editor), HEBREWS, an abridgement of the 7 volume work, 272 pages, ISBN: 1581340265 9781581340266 1856841847 9781856841849.
    "The author of Hebrews wanted his audience to know and understand one truth: Christ is superior, and therefore, so is Christianity. He demonstrates this by comparing the imperfect old covenant with the perfect new covenant. The person of Christ is better than prophets and angels, His priesthood is greater than that of Melchizedek and the line of Aaron, and His power within the believer's life is incomparable. Between these contrasts he exhorts the readers to persevere in their faith, be obedient, grow in their understanding, and not miss the grace of God. The lessons and admonitions of Hebrews have intensely practical application for all readers -- then and now.
    "Know as the 'theologian's theologian' John Owen (1616-1683), was vice chancellor of Oxford University and served as advisor and chaplain to Oliver Cromwell. Among the most learned and active Puritans in seventeenth-century Europe, he was a erudite and accomplished theologian both in doctrine and practical theology." -- Publisher
    Owen, John (1616-1683), An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews; With the Preliminary Exercitations. By John Owen, D.D. Revised and abridged; . . . By Edward Williams, 4 vols.
    Owen, Hebrews, vol. 1 of 3
    http://archive.org/details/expositionofepis184001owen
    Owen, Hebrews, vol. 2 of 3
    http://archive.org/details/expositionofepis184002owen
    Owen, Hebrews, vol. 3 of 3
    http://archive.org/details/expositionofepis184003owen

    Packer, J.I., and Lloyd-Jones, David Martyn (1899-1981), Puritan Papers, 5 volumes, vol. 1, ISBN: 0875524664 9780875524665; vol. 2, ISBN: 0875524672 9780875524672; vol. 3, ISBN: 0875524680 9780875524689; vol. 4, ISBN: 0875524699 9780875524696; vol. 5, ISBN: 0875524702 9780875524702.
    Addresses delivered at the Puritan and Westminster Conferences 1959-1969.
    "These studies are of practical value because the Puritans are approached with three important question in mind: What did they teach and do? Was their teaching Biblical? and, What can we learn from them for our life and witness today?" -- GCB

    Paisley, Ian R.K., George Whitefield.

    Perry, Richard L., Sources of our Liberties: Documentary Origins of Individual Liberties in the United States Constitution and Bill of Rights.

    Philip, Robert, The Life and Times of George Whitefield, ISBN: 9780851519609.

    Plum, Harry Grant, (1868-?), Restoration Puritanism: A Study of the Growth of English Liberty, ISBN: 0804616442 9780804616447.

    *Roberts, William Louis (1798-1864), The Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, ISBN: 0524065543 9780524065549. A Christian classic. Considered to be among the ten greatest books in the English language. Available on the Puritan Hard Drive. Available from ATLA 1991-2638.
    A magnificent catechism that sets forth the Crown Rights of The King of Glory and Lord of Lords. It also presents incontrovertible evidence that the United States Constitution is not a Christian document, and that it is, in fact, a slavery document.
    "A manual of instruction, drawing from such notable authors as William Symington and J.R. Willson, presenting 'arguments and facts confirming and illustrating the 'Distinctive Principles' of the Reformed Presbyterian Church. Chapters deal with: 'Christ's Mediatorial Dominion in General;' Christ's Exclusive Headship Over the Church;' 'The Supreme and Ultimate Authority of the Word of God in the Church;' Civil Government, the Moral Ordinance of God;' Christ's Headship Over the Nations;' 'The Subjection of the Nations to God and to Christ;' The Word, or Revealed Will of God, the Supreme Law in the State;' 'The Duty of Nations, in Their National Capacity, to Acknowledge and Support the True Religion:' 'The Spiritual Independence of the Church of Christ:' 'The Right and Duty of Dissent From an Immoral Constitution of Civil Government;' 'The Duty of Covenanting, and the Permanent Obligations of Religious Covenants;' 'The Application of These Principles to the Governments, Where Reformed Presbyterians Reside, in the Form of a Practical Testimony;' and finally 'Application of the Testimony to the British Empire. . . .' -- Publisher
    Reformed Presbyterian Catechism, William L. Roberts D.D.